Патент USA US2412593код для вставки
Dec. 17, 1946. 2,412,593 A. ADÈLMAN PROPELLENT CHARGE HOLDER Filed NOV. 8, 1941 Arthur Adelman Patented Dec. i7, 194e 2,412,593 om so 2,412,593 ` PROPIELLENT CHARGE HOLDER Arthur Adelman, Chesaning, Mich. » Application November 8, 1941, Serial No; 418,346 I 14 Claims. (Cl. 102--49) (Granted under the act of March 3, issaîas amended April 30, 1928; 370 0. G. 757) 1 2 The invention described herein may be manu-` factured and used by or for the Government Vfor Figures 16 and 17 are views similar to -Figure 14> showing modiiications, and governmental purposes, without the payment to me of any royalty thereon.l This invention relates to propellent charge holders and in particular to a charge holder for the external charge increments in the mortar type of shell. In the types of mortar shells now in use an Figure 19 is a plan View of a clip.l Referring to the drawing by characters of ref erence, there is shown in Figure'l a tail piece VI adapted to be threaded into a mortar projectile and carrying varies 2. A unit of sheet charges 3 sewed or otherwise integrated as at 4 has a slit 5 which is slipped over the head or buttonô of a Y igniting charge is carried in the tail and aux 10 projection l. The -latter may befastened to the` iliary charges are carried externally of the tail, tail i by means of ~a thin base 8 and upset por usually by the stabilizing vanes. The carrying tions 9, by screw threads I0“ (Figure 3) or by of these auxiliary charges has been variously ac soldering or riveting II (Figure 4). In Figure 5 complished by slipping them over the tail piece, is shown a holder iixed to the vane which com by snapping them behind projections on the iins, 15 prises a series of barbed annuli I2. An ordinary by iiexing them into holes in the iins and by screw thread Will also accomplish a similar re slipping them under spring clips. sult. Instead of the solid projection 'I of Figure The chief desiderata of charge-holding de 2, a hollow eyelet may be employed, with outer vices are security of holding and ease of applica end flared to form a head and the inner end tion. None of the existing types offer both crimped behind the tail piece, vane or other car qualities to the desired degree.l In use the rying member. charges must often be adjusted by removal of in The button may also consist of a stamped-out crements in cold and stormy Weather and in » portion I3 of the fin, having a head I4 (Figures 6 darkness. The cold may necessitate application and 7), or a stamped-out portion I5 with per foration I6 for receiving a' key member I'I (Fig of the charges with gloved hands in which case ure 8). charge holders requiring a ñne degree of ma While the charge-receiving buttons have been nipulation would be ruled out. It is therefore an object of the invention to shown as located between the Vanes, it will be understood that they may also be conveniently provide a propellent charge holder which shall be easy-of manipulation and which shall afford a 30 located on the faces of the varies themselves. secure holding of the charge. The speciñc nature of the invention as well as In Figures 9 and 10 is shown a button formed by stamping radial tongues I3’ from a vane 2,y bending them perpendicular to the vane about other objects and advantages thereof will clearly the common center and forming loops I4' in their appear from a description of a preferred embodi ment as shown in the accompanying drawing in 35 extremities to constitute a head for holding a charge. which: A separate fastener I8 may be employed as Figure 1 is a perspective view of a tail piece shown in Figure 14. This fastener is simply in with fins and sheet charges therebetween. serted through the charge and vane and the ends Figure 2 is a sectional View taken on the line 40 bent back, The charge is held securely enough 2--2 of Figure l. for handling, charging and ñring and is easily Figures 3, 4, 5, 6 and 8 are views similar to removed if desired by pulling the charge and that of Figure 2, showing modifications. fastener` from the vane. A spring type tong-like Figure 7 is a sectional View taken on the line fastener I9 is shown in Figure 15 and in Figure 18 'î-'I of Figure 6. 45 Figure 9 is a fragmentary plan View of a vane with a stamped-out charge holder. Figure 10 is a sectional View taken along the is shown a combination spring and screw type with spiral spring point 20. The separate fastener may take the form of a single wire (Figure 19) bent to form a head 2|. line IQ-Iß of Figure 9. The shank 22 after being threaded through the Figures 11, 12 and 13 are fragmentary plan 50 charge and Vane is bent as shown by the dotted views of sheet charges. lines to secure the assemblage. Figure 14 is a sectional View through a pair of The button may be carried by the charge and vanes with auxiliary charge and fastening device. receive the vane as shown in Figures 16 and 17. Figures 15 and 18 are views similar to Figure 2 In Figure 16, the fastener is shown as having a showing a modification of a charge holder. 55 base portion 23 and a split shank or headed por ' ’ 2,412,593 3 4 tion 24 forming the button. This type offers some charge, the protuberance adapted to extend advantages over the vane carried projection be cause the holding action of the headed portion Will be more rigid behind the metal vane than behind the charge. However, in all cases a com through the charge. 6. In combination with ñring components com prising a projectile having a tail portion, a pro promise must be _reached between the holding tuberance threaded laterally into said tail por tion and having a headed portion exteriorly of efficacy and ease of deliberate removal and each type may be appropriately designed for optimum on a propellent charge. said tail portion for receiving and retaining there performance. '7. In combination with ñring components com In the fastener of Figure 17 a pin is split at 10 prising a projectile, a tail portion and a vane both ends, one end being split sufficiently to form member thereon, a button on said vane member for attaching a propellent charge comprising ra stapling arms 25 which are passed through the sheet charge and may take the place of the usual dial struck portions bent outward about a com mon center and adapted to extend through the stitching. The other split end forms a contractile head 26, although the inner holding end may 15 charge. 8. In combination 4with firing components com have any convenient form. Figure 11 shows a sheet charge having crossed prising a projectile, a tail portion and a vane slits 5. In Figure 12, three slits 5 form a Y for> member thereon, a tang on said vane member comprising an outwardly struck portion, said easier insertion and removal. In Figure 13 a perforation 21 is provided for receiving a button. 20 tang having an enlarged portion spaced from the vane. From the foregoing it will be apparent that the invention comprises a means for fastening 9. The combination as in claim 8, said tang having a T-form. charges to projectiles which provides an optimum 10. In combination with a projectile component of security consistent with ease of placement and 'having a perforation and an external propellent removal and is simple of manufacture and lovir charge therefor having a perforation, a fastening in cost. I claim: member having a head and threaded through said perforations and having a bent retaining portion 1. In combination with firing componentscom on the end Opposite the head. prising a projectile and an external propellent charge therefor, a fastening member carried by 30 11. In combination, a propellent charge and an one of said components and having a headed por attaching member, said member comprising a tion threaded laterally through the other of said headed portion fixed to said charge, a shank por components. 2. The combination as in claim 1 wherein said tion passing through said charge and fastening means on the end of the shank opposite the head fastening member is carried by the projectile and 35 for attachment to a projectile. the charge comprises a lateral opening for recep 12. The combination as in claim 1l wherein tion of the fastening member. said charge comprises a plurality of sheets and 3. In combination with firing components com said attaching member comprises means for hold prising a projectile and an external propellent ing said sheets together. charge therefor, a fastening member carried lby 40 13. In combination, a propellent charge com one of said components and having a contractile prising a Vplurality of sheets and an attaching and eXpansible headed portion threaded laterally member, said member comprising a headed por through the other of said components. tion, stapling means on Isaid headed portion in 4. In combination with firing components com tegrating said sheets, and a shank portion pass prising a projectile having a tail portion, a headed 45 ing through said sheets and having means for protuberance exteriorly on said tail portion for attachment to a projectile. receiving and retaining thereon a propellent 14. In combination with firing components charge. comprising a projectile and an external propel 5. In combination with firing components com lent charge therefor, a member carried by one prising a projectile having a tail portion and of said components, protruding laterally there guiding vanes carried thereon, a headed pro from and having means for receiving and holding tuberance on at least one of said vanes for re thereon the other of said components. ceiving and retaining thereon a propellent ARTHUR ADELMAN.