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Патент USA US2412643

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vDec. 17, 1946..
J- G. MAK]
Filed April4 1`7,`1945
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Filed April 17, 1945
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John GNaKì
Dec. 17, 1946.
J. G'. MAK!A
Filed April 1‘7, 1945
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Deçfl'?, 1946.
Filed April 1v, 1945
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John G. "am
DMn 17, 1946.
J. G. MAKl
2,412,643 '
Filed April 17, 1945
5 sheefßsQ-sheety 5
Patented Dec. 17, 1946
John Gust Maki, Hanna, Wyo., assignor of one
half to A. S. Allen, Hanna, Wyo.
Application April 17, 1945, Serial No.,588,778
3 Claims.
(C1. 214-131)
The present invention relates to a hay feeder
forN animals, and more particularly to such a
device designed to collect hay or like material
from a stack in the field.
The primary object of the invention is ac
cordingly to gather a quantity of hay from a
vforln‘l‘wherein said means is locked ina fixed
stack or pile and deliver it to a point at which
from the position shown in Fig. 7 .
Figure 9 is a detailed view showing the sub
animals may be fed.
Figure 8 is a similar View showing the element
in a >position wherein the means for ‘raising and
lowering vthe hay-supporting platform is sub
jected to a braking action after being released
stitution of a runner for a wheel to be used
Another object of the invention is to provide a
hay feeder for animals which is adjustable- to 10 when the ground is covered with snow.
Referring now with greater particularity to
a height such that it will readily conform to the
the c`l_rawìngs,> the numeral I generally denotes
height of any haystack from which it is desired
thejsupporting framework of the device. This
to collect hay.
framework comprises gradually converging beams
Still another object of the invention is to pro
vide a hay feedingv device which may be easily 15 2,¿ 3, é‘and 5 disposed in substantially parallel
_relationship with the ground in such a manner
unloaded after the hay has been` transported
that the rear portion of the framework is con
to the place of feeding.
siderably narrower than the front portion there
A further object of the present invention is
of.A ¿ Cross beams 6 >and 'I are rigidly vsecured to
to provide a hay feeder designed to transport
relatively large amounts of hay and in which 20 the- beams 2, 3, 4 and 5 for the purposeßof
,strengthening the structure. A cross bar 8 `is
spilling of the hay is kept at a minimum.
«rigidly secured by any suitable means to the
. AA still further _object of the invention is to
extremel rearward ends of the beams 2, 3, 4 and
provide a hay feeder for animals` which may be
5l and extends a considerable distance to either
easily controlled by a single operator from a
25 side of the beams for a reason to be pointed
out"l hereinafter. A platform 9 which .may have
Still another object of the present invention
is to provide a hay feeder for animals of sturdy
a Vseat ,I'Ilnmounted thereon is constructed on the
rearwardrïportion of the framework I for the
and rugged construction but which will still be
single position.
readily movable from place to place.
convenience of the operator.
Other and further objects of the present in 30 To provide for the movability of the structurev
»front wheels II are journaled to an axlev I2
vention will be readily apparent from the fol
rigidly secured by any suitable means to the
lowing detailed description taken in conjunction
framework. I adjacent its forward end. Rear
wheels `I3 are independently mounted Vby suit
with the drawings, in which:
._ Figure 1 is a plan view ofthe device as a whole,
but with a portion of the same broken away 35 able fineans adjacent the'rearward @nd4 of the
framework so as Vto be; freely rotatable as is
so that certain features of the invention will
clearly shown in Fig. 2.
be more readily seen;
If the feeder is to be used when Vthe ground
Figure 2 is a side elevational view of the
is ,covered with snow runners I4 may beA con
device with the parts thereof in the position
40 venieritly-,substituted for the wheels. For pur
they assume during unloading.`
poses of illustration the mounting of such a run
Figure 3 is a similar view illustrating the parts
ner in place of one of the vfront wheels is shown
of the device in position for transporting a load
inFig'ure Q_¿vofr the drawings. It is to be under
of hay;
Figure 4 is a front elevational view illustrating
the hay gathering end of the device;
Figure 5 is a rear elevational view particularly
stoodthat the use _hereinafter of the word
“wheel” in theclaims is to be inclusive of run
ners or any other 'suitable ground engaging
illustrating the arrangement of the o-perator’s
. he devlceis preferably motivated Vby a team
seat and the controls for the device;
ofhorses Knot shown) hitched to YsingletreesV IS
Figure 6 is a side elevational view of the device
showing the parts in position they assume when 50 rotatably mounted on the crossbar 8 and ring
members ,I ‘I which cooperate therewith. Ring .
about to enter a stack of hay and remove a
portion thereof;
Figure 7 is a detail view showing the position
are mounted on a cross bar I8 v
rigidly secured to the framework I.
>gît' is understoodthat the mode of motivation
raising and lowering the hay-supporting-plat 55 is not an essential feature of the invention and
of the element which is associated withthe means
that, if desired, other means may be used such
ends and the other ends of which are secured to
the two outermost stakes 5 I.
Side walls for the hay-supporting platform are
provided by means of pointed stakes 60 rigidly
trees I6 when swung to a position shown in dotted
secured to the two outermost vertical bars 54 at
lines in Figure 1 and the device pulled in that
points intermediate their ends, and extending
outwardly in the same vertical plane and parallel
Arising from the framework I is a structure of
to the two outermost stakes 5I. The> stakes 60
triangular Outline rigidly secured _thereto and
may be strengthened and positioned by means of
generally designated by the numeral 22.Y This
structure comprises angularly disposed braces 23, 10 rigid members 5I secured between the outermost
ends of cross bar 56 and points on the stakes 60
24, 25 and 26, the Ibraces 23 and 26 being rigidly
as a tractor attached to a hitch I9.
Also, if
desired, the horses may be secured to the single
secured at their lower ends to the beams 2
and 5, respectively, and the braces 24 and 25
being rigidly secured at their lower ends by any
suitable means to the platform 9.V The' upper
ends of the braces 23, 24, 25 and 26 are rigidly
spaced from the rear wall.
Hay retaining prongs 62 are pivotally fastened
to the horizontal bar 56 and may be maintained
as an integral assembly by cross strips 63 and 64.
The means for raising and lowering the frame
work including beams 44, 45 and 46 and the hay
secured to braces 21, 28, 29 and 30, respectively,
supporting platform 49 rigidly secured thereto
at a point adjacent but spaced slightlyy from the
comprises a ratchet wheel 61, the axle 68 of which
upper ends of the last-named braces. The lower
ends of the braces 21, 28, 29 and 30 are secured 20 is journaled on beams 23, 24, 25 and 26 at points
adjacent vtheir lower ends so that the wheel is
to members 2, 3, 4 'and 5 yat points adjacent their
within easy reach of the operator when seated.
forward ends. Braces 21, 28, 29 and 30 are pref
The periphery vof the ratchet Wheel 61 is provided
erablyinclined rearwardly at a slight angle to
with evenly spaced indentations 59 designed to
the vertical.
cooperate with a'locking pawl »member 10 which
Upright members 3|, 32, 33 and 34 are rigidly
forms an integral portion of an element 1 I, pivot
secured at their lower ends to the beams 2, 3, 4
ally mounted'on the platform 9, by means of an
and 5 and extend vertical-ly t0 points of rigid at
axle 12, journaled in bearing members 13, a slot l
tachment intermediate the ends of braces 23, 24,
14 being provided in the platform I4 to receive the
25 and 25, respectively. Strengthening bars 35
element 1 I. As shown clearly in Figures 7 and 8,
_and 35 are secured to braces 23 and 24, and 25 and
the element 1I is also provided with a braking
>26, respectively. A strengthening strip 31 is se
member 15 and a foot operating member 16.
cured across the top portion of braces 21 and 28
The pawl 1G is normally urged into contact
and strengthening strip 38 across the top portions
with the ratchet wheel 58 by means of a spring
of braces 29 and 33. A cylindrical member 39
member 11, one end of which is received in a
is journaled between braces 21 and 28 and a cy
slot 18 in the member 1| andthe other end of
lindrical member 4| is journaled between braces
which bears against a ñxed rod 19 rigidly secured
29 and 30.
to the framework I in a manner not shown in the
A second framework including beams 44, 45
and 46 is pivctally mounted on a rod 41 extending
Surrounding the axle 68 and rigidly secured
through apertures in upright members 3|, 32, 33 l"
thereto are two cable drums 80 and 8|. Around
and 34 at points intermediate their ends, but
preferably adjacent the upper ends thereof. The
beams 44, 45 and 46 are rigidly interconnected
adjacent their rearward ends by a strengthening w
cross bar 48.
Rigidly secured to the beams 44», 45,'and 46 and
Vpreferably forming a straight line'` continuation
thereof is the hay supporting platform generally
designated bythe numeral 49. The hay support
ing platform 49 includes a cross strip 50 rigidly
secured to the beamsl 44, 45 and 46 at points
spaced from the forward ends thereof.> To >the
cross strip 50 are rigidly _secured a plurality 'of
pointed stakes 5| disposed in uniformly spaced
relationship, The stakes 5| Vare also rigidly se
the 'drum 80 is wound one end of a cable or rope
82 which passes up over the cylindrical member
39 and is secured -at its other end 'to a fastening
83 on the cross strip 50. Around thefdrum V8| is
‘wound one end of a. cable or rope 85, of a similar
'nature and length> to the cable 82, which passes
up over the cylindrical roller 4| and has its vother
end attached to» a fastener 86 'also on the cross
vbar A5i).
rThe independent 'raising and lowering of the
prongs 32 is accomplished by means of a hand
lever 81, The position of the lever 81 is inai'n
tained by the cooperation of ’a latch member 88
Y» having a handle >89 with a semi-circularîra'ck 90
on the peripheral edge -of which are -a »number
of teeth 9| similar to ratchet' teeth. Tothe upper
end of the lever arm ‘81 -is pivotally attached'óne
‘44,45 and 45.
end of a linkage larm 99, the. other endof which
A rear wall may be provided for the >hay'sup
porting platform by rigidly securing vertical bars 60 is pivotally secured ‘to a 's‘efcon'dl‘ever arm |00 in
termediate its ends. The 'lower 'end 'of- the 'lever
54 to the cross strip 50 and horizontal bars 55 'and
arm |00 is pivotally mounted by means of a-'fa's
56 to the vertical bars 54. The rear wal-1 »may ‘be
tening IUI on the beam 45 at a point adjacent
conveniently strengthened Vby -means -of Vrig-id
cured to a second >cross strip 52 which'is in turn
rigidlysecured to the end >portions Vo'f the >beams
bracing members 51, thelower ends of which are
rigidlyfsecured’to ‘a common point on the 'beam
45 and the upper ends of which are rigidly se-y
cured, one to each of the two central members
its'connection with the cross strip 59.
To the upper end ofthe lever arm '|00 'is lpiv
otally -attached one end' of: a link member |02,
the other end of which is ‘pivotally "secured to 'an
the rearwall of thehay-supporting platform may
arm |03 which _is in turn ‘rigidly- secured 'to ~the
cross bar‘63 by Welding or other >suitable means.
their one end to the vertical bars 54 ,andat-their
other -end to the cross strip52. Still-further
strengthening of the rear wall-isïpro'vided- by ad
be 'conveniently achieved by rigidlysecuring one
end- of support _members |04 to al common ¿point
o'n the aïrm |03 intermediateits 'ends --and the
ditional rigid` members >_59, `one ¿end- jo'f
other ends -to the ‘cross »bar ‘S4 » at Aspaced points.
of the vertical bars Y54. Further strengthening of
be accomplished by rigid members 58 secured Vat 70 Strengthening‘and better'weig'ht distribution may
secured to the-horizontal bar äâ‘ad'ja'c'ent its-'outer
Theoperation'of the hay 'feeding machine will
be readily apparent from the foregoing detailed
framework ada-pted to be thrust into a haystack;
hay retaining prongs >pivotally associated with
description. When the device ap-proaches a hay
4sai-d platform; means for raising and lowering
stack as illustrated in Fig. 6, the hay retaining
said second named framework, including a
platform is adjusted tothe proper height by .turn
ratchet wheel and an element both mounted on
ing the ratchet wheel 61 and the hay retaining
said first named framework, said element com
prongs 62 are placed in a raised position by draw
prising a looking pawl member and a brake mem
ing back the hand lever 8T. The platform and
ber selectively engageable with said ratchet
prongs are maintained in the desired position by
wheel to lock said ratchet wheel in one position
means of .the locking pawl 10 and latch 88, re
of said element and exert a braking action on said
spectively. The stakes 5| are then thrust into
ratchet Wheel in another position of said element;
the stack or pile of hay vand the retaining prongs
and means for raising and lowering said prongs.
allowed to drop by releasing the latch member 88
2. A vehicle adapted for use as a hay feeder
by pressure on the handle 89. The hay feeder is
for animals comp-rising; a wheel supported frame- .
then backed away from the stack, and the hay
work; a triangular structure including a plurality
retained on the platform may be transported to
of rbraces arising from said framework and rigidly
any desired point where animals are to be fed.
secured thereto; a cylindrical member journaled
To release the hay, the framework including
on said triangular structure adjacent its apex; -a
beams 44, 45, and 46 and platform 53 rigidly se
plurality of upright members rigidly secured to
cured thereto are allowed to drop to a point where
the ends of stakes 5I are near the surface of .the 20 said framework; a second framework pivotally
secured to said upright members; a hay support
ground by means of pressure on the foot pedal
ing platform adapted lto be thrust into a hay
16. This separates the locking pawl 'l0 from the
stack rigidly secured to said second named frame
indentations 69 on ratchet wheel 61 and upon the
work and forming a straight line continuation
continuance of pressure the braking member 15
thereof; and means for raising >and lowering said
engages the ratchet wheel and prevents the
hay supporting .platform including a cable one
descent from becoming so -precipitous as to dam
end `of which is secured to said platform and .the
age the mechanism. There is, of course, as shown
other end of which is wound on a rotatable drum
in Figure 7 by means of the dotted lines, an in
journaled on said triangular structure adjacent
termediate position at which neither the pawl
its rearward end, said cable passing over said cy
member nor braking member engages the ratchet
lindrical member.
wheel and it is free to turn unhindered.
3. A vehicle adapted for use as a hay feeder
After the platform has been lowered, «the hay
for animals comprising: a- wheel supported
may be released by again raising the prongs 62
framework; a plurality of upright members rigid
as described above and backing off the device.
ly secured to said framework; -a second frame
If necessary, external means may be employed to
work pivotally secured I,to said upright members
remove all of the hay from the platform.
above said first-named framework; a hay sup
It is to be understood, of course, .that the in
porting platform adapted to be .thrust into a hay
vention is not limi-ted to the precise and exact
stack rigidly secured to said second-named frame
details of `the device described above in consid
work so `as to form a straight line continuation
erable particularity for the purpose of illustra
thereof; and means moving said second frame- ~
tion, and that these details may be somewhat
work and hay supporting platform rigidly secured
changed and modified without departing from -the
thereto from a position wherein it may be readily
essence an-d scope of the invention as set forth in
thrust into a hay stack to a posi-tion wherein said
the following claims.
. second-named framework and hay supporting
I claim:
1. A vehicle adapted for use as a hay feeder
for animals comprising: a wheel supported frame
work; a second framework pivotally connected to
said first named framework; a platform for sup-
porting hay rigidly secured to said second named
platform rigidly secured thereto extend outwardly
,and downwardly to a point below said first-named
framework so that hay is readily removable from
said platform.
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