Патент USA US2412643код для вставки
vDec. 17, 1946.. 2,412,643 J- G. MAK] HAY FEEDER Filed April4 1`7,`1945 www Nw,bw É.Nw = _ ww_ _ë= E., 5 sheets-sheet 1 uw@ _ .wh „du__H E@E E u _ »__ _„___ .lm_„s R___. xls» ai @N m _R ____ä ___ _ _._«_ _ _Nh. ._ wn. ä_KNRM. „v_ NQ ww d@ ___ ._lR_ mw» ¿im:_m._„_ w_ m_ |_ _1x5n, l li_1 ’LA ..9._.__ .\ . .. @___oL „Nm_i __l_ _N*_N .R Dec. ì?, 1946. J. G. MAKI 2,412,643 HAY FEEDER Filed April 17, 1945 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 John GNaKì Dec. 17, 1946. 2,412,643 J. G'. MAK!A HAY FEEDER Filed April 1‘7, 1945 j. u É%L 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 QW ...kh . NQ o. ù . «sw . ,n ..,E _ @145,QE § \\ `\ SWW/wim è Jafar: 6.1/1 ah' i » E ‘.15 % ly ' V BamílA-muu Deçfl'?, 1946. J. G. MVAKI ` i 2,412,643 HAY FEEDER Filed April 1v, 1945 5 sheets-sheet 4 102 JOÍ f6 49 59 50 52 John G. "am DMn 17, 1946. J. G. MAKl 2,412,643 ' HAY FEEDER Filed April 17, 1945 5 sheefßsQ-sheety 5 2,412,643 Patented Dec. 17, 1946 UrtiTED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,412,643 HAY FEEDER John Gust Maki, Hanna, Wyo., assignor of one half to A. S. Allen, Hanna, Wyo. Application April 17, 1945, Serial No.,588,778 3 Claims. (C1. 214-131) A ` 1 2 The present invention relates to a hay feeder forN animals, and more particularly to such a device designed to collect hay or like material from a stack in the field. The primary object of the invention is ac cordingly to gather a quantity of hay from a vforln‘l‘wherein said means is locked ina fixed stack or pile and deliver it to a point at which from the position shown in Fig. 7 . Figure 9 is a detailed view showing the sub animals may be fed. ` position. l y Figure 8 is a similar View showing the element in a >position wherein the means for ‘raising and lowering vthe hay-supporting platform is sub jected to a braking action after being released . stitution of a runner for a wheel to be used Another object of the invention is to provide a hay feeder for animals which is adjustable- to 10 when the ground is covered with snow. Referring now with greater particularity to a height such that it will readily conform to the the c`l_rawìngs,> the numeral I generally denotes height of any haystack from which it is desired thejsupporting framework of the device. This to collect hay. framework comprises gradually converging beams Still another object of the invention is to pro vide a hay feedingv device which may be easily 15 2,¿ 3, é‘and 5 disposed in substantially parallel _relationship with the ground in such a manner unloaded after the hay has been` transported that the rear portion of the framework is con to the place of feeding. Y siderably narrower than the front portion there A further object of the present invention is of.A ¿ Cross beams 6 >and 'I are rigidly vsecured to to provide a hay feeder designed to transport relatively large amounts of hay and in which 20 the- beams 2, 3, 4 and 5 for the purposeßof ,strengthening the structure. A cross bar 8 `is spilling of the hay is kept at a minimum. «rigidly secured by any suitable means to the . AA still further _object of the invention is to extremel rearward ends of the beams 2, 3, 4 and provide a hay feeder for animals` which may be 5l and extends a considerable distance to either easily controlled by a single operator from a 25 side of the beams for a reason to be pointed out"l hereinafter. A platform 9 which .may have Still another object of the present invention is to provide a hay feeder for animals of sturdy a Vseat ,I'Ilnmounted thereon is constructed on the rearwardrïportion of the framework I for the and rugged construction but which will still be single position. Y f Y . , readily movable from place to place. convenience of the operator. ‘ Other and further objects of the present in 30 To provide for the movability of the structurev »front wheels II are journaled to an axlev I2 vention will be readily apparent from the fol rigidly secured by any suitable means to the lowing detailed description taken in conjunction framework. I adjacent its forward end. Rear wheels `I3 are independently mounted Vby suit with the drawings, in which: . ._ Figure 1 is a plan view ofthe device as a whole, but with a portion of the same broken away 35 able fineans adjacent the'rearward @nd4 of the framework so as Vto be; freely rotatable as is so that certain features of the invention will clearly shown in Fig. 2. ' ' be more readily seen; If the feeder is to be used when Vthe ground Figure 2 is a side elevational view of the is ,covered with snow runners I4 may beA con device with the parts thereof in the position 40 venieritly-,substituted for the wheels. For pur they assume during unloading.` poses of illustration the mounting of such a run Figure 3 is a similar view illustrating the parts ner in place of one of the vfront wheels is shown of the device in position for transporting a load inFig'ure Q_¿vofr the drawings. It is to be under of hay; Figure 4 is a front elevational view illustrating the hay gathering end of the device; ' „ Figure 5 is a rear elevational view particularly 45 stoodthat the use _hereinafter of the word “wheel” in theclaims is to be inclusive of run ners or any other 'suitable ground engaging illustrating the arrangement of the o-perator’s . he devlceis preferably motivated Vby a team seat and the controls for the device; ofhorses Knot shown) hitched to YsingletreesV IS Figure 6 is a side elevational view of the device showing the parts in position they assume when 50 rotatably mounted on the crossbar 8 and ring members ,I ‘I which cooperate therewith. Ring . about to enter a stack of hay and remove a meansyy, portion thereof; f , - Figure 7 is a detail view showing the position y members-'Il _ f . , are mounted on a cross bar I8 v rigidly secured to the framework I. >gît' is understoodthat the mode of motivation raising and lowering the hay-supporting-plat 55 is not an essential feature of the invention and of the element which is associated withthe means 2,412,643 3 4. that, if desired, other means may be used such ends and the other ends of which are secured to the two outermost stakes 5 I. Side walls for the hay-supporting platform are provided by means of pointed stakes 60 rigidly trees I6 when swung to a position shown in dotted secured to the two outermost vertical bars 54 at lines in Figure 1 and the device pulled in that points intermediate their ends, and extending manner. outwardly in the same vertical plane and parallel Arising from the framework I is a structure of to the two outermost stakes 5I. The> stakes 60 triangular Outline rigidly secured _thereto and may be strengthened and positioned by means of generally designated by the numeral 22.Y This structure comprises angularly disposed braces 23, 10 rigid members 5I secured between the outermost ends of cross bar 56 and points on the stakes 60 24, 25 and 26, the Ibraces 23 and 26 being rigidly as a tractor attached to a hitch I9. Also, if desired, the horses may be secured to the single secured at their lower ends to the beams 2 and 5, respectively, and the braces 24 and 25 being rigidly secured at their lower ends by any suitable means to the platform 9.V The' upper ends of the braces 23, 24, 25 and 26 are rigidly spaced from the rear wall. Hay retaining prongs 62 are pivotally fastened to the horizontal bar 56 and may be maintained as an integral assembly by cross strips 63 and 64. The means for raising and lowering the frame work including beams 44, 45 and 46 and the hay secured to braces 21, 28, 29 and 30, respectively, supporting platform 49 rigidly secured thereto at a point adjacent but spaced slightlyy from the comprises a ratchet wheel 61, the axle 68 of which upper ends of the last-named braces. The lower ends of the braces 21, 28, 29 and 30 are secured 20 is journaled on beams 23, 24, 25 and 26 at points adjacent vtheir lower ends so that the wheel is to members 2, 3, 4 'and 5 yat points adjacent their within easy reach of the operator when seated. forward ends. Braces 21, 28, 29 and 30 are pref The periphery vof the ratchet Wheel 61 is provided erablyinclined rearwardly at a slight angle to with evenly spaced indentations 59 designed to the vertical. , cooperate with a'locking pawl »member 10 which Upright members 3|, 32, 33 and 34 are rigidly forms an integral portion of an element 1 I, pivot secured at their lower ends to the beams 2, 3, 4 ally mounted'on the platform 9, by means of an and 5 and extend vertical-ly t0 points of rigid at axle 12, journaled in bearing members 13, a slot l tachment intermediate the ends of braces 23, 24, 14 being provided in the platform I4 to receive the 25 and 25, respectively. Strengthening bars 35 element 1 I. As shown clearly in Figures 7 and 8, _and 35 are secured to braces 23 and 24, and 25 and the element 1I is also provided with a braking >26, respectively. A strengthening strip 31 is se member 15 and a foot operating member 16. cured across the top portion of braces 21 and 28 The pawl 1G is normally urged into contact and strengthening strip 38 across the top portions with the ratchet wheel 58 by means of a spring of braces 29 and 33. A cylindrical member 39 member 11, one end of which is received in a is journaled between braces 21 and 28 and a cy slot 18 in the member 1| andthe other end of lindrical member 4| is journaled between braces which bears against a ñxed rod 19 rigidly secured 29 and 30. ' -. to the framework I in a manner not shown in the A second framework including beams 44, 45 drawings. ‘ and 46 is pivctally mounted on a rod 41 extending Surrounding the axle 68 and rigidly secured through apertures in upright members 3|, 32, 33 l" thereto are two cable drums 80 and 8|. Around and 34 at points intermediate their ends, but preferably adjacent the upper ends thereof. The beams 44, 45 and 46 are rigidly interconnected adjacent their rearward ends by a strengthening w cross bar 48. ì - n A > Rigidly secured to the beams 44», 45,'and 46 and Vpreferably forming a straight line'` continuation thereof is the hay supporting platform generally designated bythe numeral 49. The hay support ing platform 49 includes a cross strip 50 rigidly secured to the beamsl 44, 45 and 46 at points spaced from the forward ends thereof.> To >the cross strip 50 are rigidly _secured a plurality 'of pointed stakes 5| disposed in uniformly spaced relationship, The stakes 5| Vare also rigidly se the 'drum 80 is wound one end of a cable or rope 82 which passes up over the cylindrical member 39 and is secured -at its other end 'to a fastening 83 on the cross strip 50. Around thefdrum V8| is ‘wound one end of a. cable or rope 85, of a similar 'nature and length> to the cable 82, which passes up over the cylindrical roller 4| and has its vother end attached to» a fastener 86 'also on the cross vbar A5i). rThe independent 'raising and lowering of the prongs 32 is accomplished by means of a hand lever 81, The position of the lever 81 is inai'n tained by the cooperation of ’a latch member 88 Y» having a handle >89 with a semi-circularîra'ck 90 on the peripheral edge -of which are -a »number of teeth 9| similar to ratchet' teeth. Tothe upper end of the lever arm ‘81 -is pivotally attached'óne ‘44,45 and 45. l _ end of a linkage larm 99, the. other endof which A rear wall may be provided for the >hay'sup porting platform by rigidly securing vertical bars 60 is pivotally secured ‘to a 's‘efcon'dl‘ever arm |00 in termediate its ends. The 'lower 'end 'of- the 'lever 54 to the cross strip 50 and horizontal bars 55 'and arm |00 is pivotally mounted by means of a-'fa's 56 to the vertical bars 54. The rear wal-1 »may ‘be tening IUI on the beam 45 at a point adjacent conveniently strengthened Vby -means -of Vrig-id cured to a second >cross strip 52 which'is in turn rigidlysecured to the end >portions Vo'f the >beams bracing members 51, thelower ends of which are rigidlyfsecured’to ‘a common point on the 'beam 45 and the upper ends of which are rigidly se-y cured, one to each of the two central members its'connection with the cross strip 59. Y To the upper end ofthe lever arm '|00 'is lpiv otally -attached one end' of: a link member |02, the other end of which is ‘pivotally "secured to 'an the rearwall of thehay-supporting platform may arm |03 which _is in turn ‘rigidly- secured 'to ~the cross bar‘63 by Welding or other >suitable means. their one end to the vertical bars 54 ,andat-their other -end to the cross strip52. Still-further strengthening of the rear wall-isïpro'vided- by ad be 'conveniently achieved by rigidlysecuring one end- of support _members |04 to al common ¿point o'n the aïrm |03 intermediateits 'ends --and the ditional rigid` members >_59, `one ¿end- jo'f other ends -to the ‘cross »bar ‘S4 » at Aspaced points. of the vertical bars Y54. Further strengthening of be accomplished by rigid members 58 secured Vat 70 Strengthening‘and better'weig'ht distribution may is secured to the-horizontal bar äâ‘ad'ja'c'ent its-'outer Theoperation'of the hay 'feeding machine will 2,412,643 5 be readily apparent from the foregoing detailed 6 framework ada-pted to be thrust into a haystack; hay retaining prongs >pivotally associated with description. When the device ap-proaches a hay 4sai-d platform; means for raising and lowering stack as illustrated in Fig. 6, the hay retaining said second named framework, including a platform is adjusted tothe proper height by .turn ratchet wheel and an element both mounted on ing the ratchet wheel 61 and the hay retaining said first named framework, said element com prongs 62 are placed in a raised position by draw prising a looking pawl member and a brake mem ing back the hand lever 8T. The platform and ber selectively engageable with said ratchet prongs are maintained in the desired position by wheel to lock said ratchet wheel in one position means of .the locking pawl 10 and latch 88, re of said element and exert a braking action on said spectively. The stakes 5| are then thrust into ratchet Wheel in another position of said element; the stack or pile of hay vand the retaining prongs and means for raising and lowering said prongs. allowed to drop by releasing the latch member 88 2. A vehicle adapted for use as a hay feeder by pressure on the handle 89. The hay feeder is for animals comp-rising; a wheel supported frame- . then backed away from the stack, and the hay work; a triangular structure including a plurality retained on the platform may be transported to of rbraces arising from said framework and rigidly any desired point where animals are to be fed. secured thereto; a cylindrical member journaled To release the hay, the framework including on said triangular structure adjacent its apex; -a beams 44, 45, and 46 and platform 53 rigidly se plurality of upright members rigidly secured to cured thereto are allowed to drop to a point where the ends of stakes 5I are near the surface of .the 20 said framework; a second framework pivotally secured to said upright members; a hay support ground by means of pressure on the foot pedal ing platform adapted lto be thrust into a hay 16. This separates the locking pawl 'l0 from the stack rigidly secured to said second named frame indentations 69 on ratchet wheel 61 and upon the work and forming a straight line continuation continuance of pressure the braking member 15 thereof; and means for raising >and lowering said engages the ratchet wheel and prevents the hay supporting .platform including a cable one descent from becoming so -precipitous as to dam end `of which is secured to said platform and .the age the mechanism. There is, of course, as shown other end of which is wound on a rotatable drum in Figure 7 by means of the dotted lines, an in journaled on said triangular structure adjacent termediate position at which neither the pawl its rearward end, said cable passing over said cy member nor braking member engages the ratchet lindrical member. wheel and it is free to turn unhindered. 3. A vehicle adapted for use as a hay feeder After the platform has been lowered, «the hay for animals comprising: a- wheel supported may be released by again raising the prongs 62 framework; a plurality of upright members rigid as described above and backing off the device. ly secured to said framework; -a second frame If necessary, external means may be employed to work pivotally secured I,to said upright members remove all of the hay from the platform. above said first-named framework; a hay sup It is to be understood, of course, .that the in porting platform adapted to be .thrust into a hay vention is not limi-ted to the precise and exact stack rigidly secured to said second-named frame details of `the device described above in consid work so `as to form a straight line continuation erable particularity for the purpose of illustra thereof; and means moving said second frame- ~ tion, and that these details may be somewhat work and hay supporting platform rigidly secured changed and modified without departing from -the thereto from a position wherein it may be readily essence an-d scope of the invention as set forth in thrust into a hay stack to a posi-tion wherein said the following claims. . second-named framework and hay supporting I claim: 1. A vehicle adapted for use as a hay feeder for animals comprising: a wheel supported frame work; a second framework pivotally connected to said first named framework; a platform for sup- porting hay rigidly secured to said second named platform rigidly secured thereto extend outwardly ,and downwardly to a point below said first-named framework so that hay is readily removable from said platform. JOHN GUST MAKI.