Патент USA US2412756код для вставки
yDern 17, 1946. ` J. A. SMITH ` 2,412,756 SPACING AND POSITI'ONING DEÑÍICE FOR REFRIGERATING APPARATUS Filed June 5, 1944 d ai! 35 Lb), l v V 2% Il Í I-l Il /20 ' 2l 2 z2 /5 - \ \ JIS/vn? Ä. «SM/TM Patented Dec. 17,1946 2,412,756 UNITED- STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,412,756 SPACING AND POSITIONINGV DEVICE FOR „ REFRIGERATIN G APPARATUS Jasper A. Smith, Oakwood, Ohio, assigner to General Motors Corp oration, Dayton, Ohio, a corporation of Delaware 1 Application June 5, 1944, Serial No. 538,780 2 Claims. (Cl. 220-15) 2 This invention relates to refrigerating appara tuses and particularly to refrigerated ice cream storage cabinets and elements thereof. It is now common practice to provide ice cream storage cabinets with a single square or rectangu lar refrigerated compartment as distinguished ing drawing, wherein a preferred form present invention is clearly shown. In the drawing: i) of the Fig. l is a top view of an ice cream cabinet with a portion of the lid broken away and show ing an ice cream can held in place within the from prior structures wherein they were provided storage compartment thereof by a device of the with a plurality of elongated cylindrical sleeve present invention. - . like compartments. The reason for this change 2 is a sectional view of the cabinet shown in ice cream cabinet structures is to permit small 10 in Fig. perspective and taken on the line 2-2 of retail establishments to store ice cream and other Fig. 1. packaged food products such as frozen meats, Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the can holding fish, fruits and berries at one end of the cabinet device of the present invention. and cans or containers of bulk ice cream at the Fig. 4 is an enlarged sectional View of the can other end of the cabinet. When an elongated holding device taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. 3; cylindrical can or container containing bulk ice and cream is stored in a portion of a square or rec tangularly shaped compartment of such cabinets it is a difficult task to dip or scoop ice cream from the bulk thereof in the can or container. This diiiiculty lies in the fact that when an attempt is made to dip or scoop ice cream from the con tainer the container will rotate or spin within the compartment. My invention is therefore directed Fig. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken on the line 5_5 of Fig. 1 showing the can gripping portion of the holding device dis torted. Referring to the drawing, for the purposes of illustrating my invention, I have shown in Fig. 1 thereof a refrigerating apparatus including a re frigerator cabinet of the ice cream or frozen food to the provision of improved means for prevent 25 storage type generally represented by the refer ing rotation or spinning of a can or container of ence character IIJ. Cabinet Ill comprises a plu bulk ice cream within a refrigerated compart rality of opposed walls surrounding a substan ment of a refrigerating apparatus during the act tially rectangularly shaped compartment II pro of dispensing ice cream therefrom. vided at its top with an opening which is nor An object of my invention is to provide an im 30 mally closed by hinged together doors I2. The proved means or device for maintaining a cylin cabinet has an open top wall, an insulated bot drical ice cream can in a predetermined position tom wall I3 and a plurality of upright insulated within a rectangularly shaped refrigerated com opposed end and side walls I4 (see Fig. 2). A partment of a refrigerator cabinet and for hold ing the can against rotation therein so as to fa 35 metal liner I5 forms the inner surface of the walls I3 and I 4 and this liner has a cooling ele cilitate dipping or scooping of ice cream from ment or refrigerant evaporator coil I6 secured the can. Vthereto and embedded in the insulation of the A further object of my invention is to provide walls about the liner. Cooling element or evapo a rectangularly shaped device for holding a can rator It is adapted to be connected in closed cir against rotation within a compartment of a re 40 cuit relationship with a refrigerant condensing frigerator cabinet which device may be slipped and liquifying unit (not shown) for circulating over the can to firmly grip the same prior to its yrefrigerant thereto and therefrom. Evaporation insertion into the compartment and having its of refrigerant in evaporator I6 withdraws heat peripheral edges lying along and adapted to en from the storage compartment II, through liner gage opposed walls of the compartment when the I5, to thereby cool the interior thereof. can is inserted thereinto. A refrigerated storage cabinet having a square In carrying out the foregoing objects it is a or rectangularly shaped compartment is more still further and more specific object of my in useful, especially in small retail stores, since it vention to provide a low cost device of the char acter described that may, upon being damaged, .t permits the storage of packaged frozen foods in one portion or end thereof as well as or in addi be readily replaced by the user without any ap tion to a can or cans of bulk ice cream in another preciable amount of expense to him. portion or end thereof. While I am aware of the Further objects and advantages of the present fact that others have employed various devices invention will be apparent from the following de scriptiOn, referencebeing had to the accompany- 55 for preventing rotation of round cans within such compartments these prior devices have been ex 2,412,756 3 pensive and when they become damaged or in effective they required the attention of an ex perienced service man to again render them eiïec tive. In most instances the repair or replacement of such prior devices resulted in the necessity of 4 shown in Fig. 5 of the drawings when frictionally associated with or embracing the can. Such de formation of device 20 when applied to a can is preferred because of the fact that a more ñrm gripping effect thereof with the can is obtained. removing the contents of a low temperature com The can 2| with one or more of the devices 20 lo partment which is very detrimental to certain types of frozen foods because of the fact that such foods should not be permitted to thaw, prior to being consumed, and then refrozen. The device The rectangular form of the sleeve member or of my invention while accomplishing the purpose for which it is intended at a minimum of cost to the user of the refrigerator eliminates the neces sity of calling a service man when the device be comes damaged. cated thereon is then lowered into the compart ment ||. The side edges or upright walls 24 and 25 of device 22 lie along and may abut against liner l5 at opposed walls or sides of compartment ||. device 20 thereby prevents its being turned with in compartment || and since the «can is friction ally embraced thereby the can is maintained sta tionary with respect to the walls of compartment ||, Thus the can or container 2| is held against rotation or spinning during the act of dipping of scooping ice cream therefrom. By locating a de vice 2!! adjacent the open top of a can of ice cream gularly shaped, in top plan view, sleeve member Within compartment || it will also serve to pre generally represented by the reference character 20 vent any small particles or chunks of ice cream >2U. -'I‘he device 20 is shown as being square in top falling from the dipper or scoop to the bottom of plan View and slightly smaller than the distance the compartment ||. These fallen chunks of ice between opposed walls of compartment | l. It is to cream maybe readily removed fromV the ledge .be understood that the square form of device 2€) provided by device 20 and replaced into the can comes within the definition of a rectangle. In 2|'. Thus, the can holding device 22 in addition ~Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawing the rectangular sleeve to preventing rotation of the can 2| also prevents >member 2li is shown surrounding or embracing an ice cream from falling to the bottom of compart The device in the present disclosure for pre venting rotation of a can of bulk ice cream within a refrigerated compartment comprises a rectan elongated cylindrical container or can 2| of con ¿ ventional construction adapted to contain bulk ice cream and disposed in the refrigerated compart ment || of cabinet l0. The sleeve member or de ívice 20 is of tubular form in cross section and in cludes a bottom wall 22, a top Wall 23 and upright 'Side edges or Walls 24 and 25 (see Figs. 3 and 4). ‘.Each opposed wall 22 and 23 of the tubular-like sleeve member 20 has a round opening 26 cut >therein of a diameter slightly smaller than the -d‘iameter’of a standard ice cream can. A plurality ment I! to thereby keep the interior of the com partment in a sanitary condition. A device or a plurality of devices 2D may be removed from the compartment || of cabinet IU along with the can or container 2l therefrom. However, should a de vice or sleeve member 2|) stick within the com partment | I, upon removing the can 2|, it may be readilyV removed independently of the can; I While I have disclosed the ice cream can anti rotating device as comprising a sleeve-like mem ber having two horizontal walls and connecting vertical' side walls with both horizontal Walls fric tend from the `openings 26 to provide a series of 40 >tionally embracing a can at spaced apart points llingers about the wall of openings 26. By slitting it is to be understood that the device may'take the walls of openings 26 of device 20 these walls other forms.v Also instead of making the device ‘are rendered resilient While the remainder of the of paper or strawboard it may be constructed of device may be relatively stiff or rigid. Device or other materials if desired. In either event how sleeve member 2i! may be constructed of any suit ever, the general rectangular form of the device, able material and is herein disclosed as being vso thatk straight peripheral sides are provided to formed of corrugated paper or so-called straw ‘lie along and engage opposed walls of the com 'board paper. The construction of device 2B com partment and the double or spaced apart can em prises a flat outside sheet of paper 3|, a flat inner bracing portions of the device, for preventing ro sheet of paper 32 and a corrugated paper sheet . tation of the can through the frictional connec 33 interposed between and spacing the papers 3| tion between the can and the device, are impor and 32 apart (see Fig. 4). The sleeve member is tant. originally in strip form and is then folded, along It will be seen from the foregoing that I have three lines, into its tubular form with the ends of provided an Vimproved anti-can rotating device the various paper sheets abutted against one an which cooperates with walls of a refrigerated other at one corner of the device. A narrow strip compartment of a refrigerating apparatus to hold "of adhesive or gummed paper 35 may be secured the can against spinning or rotation for facilitat along the one corner of the folded structure to ing the removal or dispensing of bulk ice cream fof perforations or slits 21 in walls 22 and 23 ex maintain the same in its tubular formation. from the apparatus. Due to the simplicity and A tubular sleeve member or device 20 is prefer Gi) cheapness of the anti-can rotating device herein ably adapted to be frictionally associated with an disclosed _the user of the refrigerating apparatus ice cream can or container 2| before the can is may keep a generous supply of them on hand and placed in the open top refrigerated compartment `at any time that one should become damaged Í| >of cabinet I6. In associating a device or a plu beyond further use -it maybe replaced at only rality of devices 2|) with an ice cream can the a few cents, cost to the user. My invention elimi openings 26 therein are aligned with an end of nates the necessity of providing mounting brack the can and the device 2U is then manually forced ets or other obstructions along _the inner surface -over this can end so that the resilient fingers pro ofthe walls of` the refrigerated compartment for vided by the perforations or slits 2l tightly or firmly grip the outer surface of the can about its 70 locating can holding devices. therein and provides for the ready insertion and removal of a >device circumference and at spaced apart points there of the character described by the ,user o_f the falong. Due to the openings 26 being of slightly apparatus. By eliminating 'mounting brackets ïsmaller diameter than the outer diameter of the ‘ice creamV can 2| the portions or fingers about the 'from the interior of arefrigelîatirlg compartment, “walls of openings 26 will be’slightly'distorted as 75 'ordinari-‘zy provided Vfor more complicated and 2,412,756 È expensive anti-can rotating devices, the com partment is unobstructed and free to receive packaged frozen foods in uniform stacks. While the form of embodiment of the inven grip the container with such force that said mem ber is removable from the compartment along with the container. 2. A device for preventing a cylindrical con tainer positioned in a refrigerated compartment form, it is to be understood that other forms having flat opposed walls from rotating as ice might be adopted, as may come within the scope cream is dispensed from the container, said de of the claims which follow. vice, when »in use, comprising a unitary member What is claimed is as follows: having spaced apart and connected together sim 1. A device for preventing a cylindrical con 10 ilar horizontal walls each provided with opposed tainer positioned in a refrigerated compartment straight edges, the corresponding edges of said having fiat opposed walls from rotating as ice horizontal walls lying in vertical planes and en cream is dispensed from the container, said de gaging opposed walls of said compartment, each vice, when in use, comprising a unitary member of said spaced apart horizontal walls of said mem engaging said walls of the compartment and hav ber being provided with an opening therein, the ing spaced apartl and connected together similar openings in said Walls of said member being horizontal substantially rectangular walls, each aligned with one another and having their edge of said spaced apart horizontal Walls of said portions embracing the cylindrical container at member being provided with an opening therein, spaced apart points therealong, the openings in the openings in said walls of said member being 20 said walls of said member being uniform in diam aligned with one another and having their edge eter so that their edge portions will embrace the portions embracing the cylindrical container at cylindrical container at a plurality of positions tion as herein disclosed constitutes a preferred spaced apart points therealong, the openings in said walls of said member being uniform in diam~ eter so that their edge portions will embrace the cylindrical container at a plurality of posi~ tions along the length thereof, and the openings in said walls of said member being smaller in diameter than the outer surface of the container along the length thereof, and the openings in said walls of said member being smaller in diameter than the outer surface of the container whereby said edge portions thereof frictionally grip the container with such force that said member is removable from the compartment along with the container. whereby said edge portions thereof frictionally 30 JASPER A. SMITH.