Патент USA US2412873код для вставки
Dec. 17, 1946. J. COSLEY 2,412,873 , BOTTLE HOLDER Filed Nov. 16, 1944 WITNESSES: I 55.7% f 7%“, . INVENTOR John Cos/ey. WMFCBW I ATTORNEY Patented Dec. 17, 1946 UNITED‘ STATES PATENT‘ OFFICE», 2,412,873 ' BOTTLE HOLDER John Cosley, North Braddock, Pa., assignor to Westinghouse Electric Corporation, East Pitts burgh, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Application November 16, 1944, Serial No.'563,718 1 6 Claims. (01. 211-74) My invention relates to a safety device and more particularly to a device for safely storing relatively heavy metallic or non-metallic cylin ders, bars, or explosive tanks as high pressure gas ?asks or tanks charged with explosive ma terial. ' To obtain a better understanding of my con tribution to the art some discussion of the prior . 2 . Other objects and advantages will become more apparent from a study of the following speci ?cation and the accompanying drawing, in which: Figure 1 is a front view of a ?ask embodying my invention; and storing rack Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the elements, in a tank storing rack, constituting my contri practice is essential. bution to the art. -In many places in industry gas, as oxygen, hy 10 In Fig. 1 the ?ask storing rack is shown to drogen, and other gases, is used in considerable have a base angle iron I to which the relatively quantities. ‘This gas is supplied to the manu Wide?oor plate 2 is rigidly secured. Disposed at. facturer in metal tanks or high pressure ?asks. a height of about two thirds the length of the Often a whole bank of from six to eighteen, or high pressure gas ?asks to be stored, the top more of such tanks or ?asks are stored along a 15 plate 3 is disposed. This top plate has a re wall for ready use. In use all or groups of these iniorcing angle iron ‘5 secured thereto. The top ?asks are often interconnected by suitable con plate 3 and base structure comprising the base duits and‘valvesto provide a large capacity of‘ channel i and ?oor plate 2 are rigidly secured gas under substantially constant pressure. to each other by triangular metal plates 4 dis The ?ask storing rack, built of rather heavy 20 posed at each end. The triangular plates 4 are metal, has a- bottom plate provided with a plu so disposed that the shorter legs are at the bot rality of arcuate cut-out portions, slightly less tom, welded to the ?oor plate 2 and angle iron I, than semi-circular, the plate being positioned and the longer legs vertical, the plate 3 and angle ' about six inches above the ?oor. A similar plate iron 5 being rigidly secured to plates 4 at the is ?xed in the rack about three and a half feet . upper end. The ?asks are to rest on the ?oor above the bottom plate so that the arcuate cut plate 2 which is rather wide to thus provide a out. portions are in vertical alignment. The _ stable portable rack. bottles are positioned in the cut-out portions of Disposed substantially in vertical alignment the bottom and top plate. Since these high pres with the deepest portion of the arcuate cut-out sure ?asks are usually some ?ve feet in length, 30 portions in plate 3, the angle iron 7' is rigidly have considerable Weight and are explosive, the secured to the plates 4. suppliers of the racks provide a retaining chain To safely store the ?asks I provide the top for each ?ask. v plate 3 and angle‘iron 4 with my special re This retaining chain is swivelly secured to the taining means at each of the generally semi~cir top plate at the right of the cut-out portion'and cular cut-out portions 8 in the top plate 3. A to retain the ?ask is hooked into a hole in the description of one will suffice. plate at the left of the cut-out portion. This At the right-hand side of the semi-circular arrangement is satisfactory, considered from a cut-out portion 8 is disposed a bearing It]. This standpoint of safety alone, if the chain is always hearing may be merely a gas pipe of suitable in hooked into place, but it seems as though no ternal diameter having a length slightly greater amount of cautioning will teach workmen the than the Width of the top plate 3. This bearing unfailing habit of hooking the chains into place is spot-welded to the top surface plate 3. after changing ?asks. Such chains are usually A rod It is rotatably mounted in the bearing. unhooked. ' ' The rear end l2 of the rod just beyond the rear One broad object of my invention is the pro 45 edge of plate 3'is‘, as shown in Fig. 2, bent down vision of fool-proof safe storing means for heavy wardly at right angles to the rod. A snugly ?lling objects. a washer i3 is spot-welded to the rod ll just to the A more speci?c object of my invention is the front of the bend between rod 5 i and the end [2 provision of semi-automatic retaining means in a rack for cylinders containing explosive mate 50 to prevent axial forward movement of the rod. A similar washer M is similarly secured to the rials. rod II at a distance from washer it slightly A still more specific object is a simple, cheap greater than the length of bearing pipe Iii. fool-proof high-pressure ‘gas ?ask retaining rack wherein the ?asks are held in vertical position. Washer l4 prevents axial backward movement of ' The objects recited are merely illustrative. 55 the rod l I. At a distance from washer l4 slightly greater than the radial‘dimension of the ?ask F 2,412,878 3 4 to be retained, the rod H is bent toward the left, thus forming the flask retaining end l5. The . arm, designated the rear crank arm, being dis posed behind the horizontal member and the other crank arm, designated the front crank arm, axis of end 85 is normal to the axis of rod H and being disposed a selected distance in front of the the axis of end I2 is normal to the axis of rod II. 3 horizontal member, means for limiting the angu The intersecting axes of end It‘: and rod ll de?ne lar motion of the rear crank arm from a verti a plane that is normal to the plane de?ned by cally downward position to a horizontal position, the intersecting axes of rod II and end [2. the relation of the crank arms to each other being To the rear surface of the angle iron 4 through so chosen that the limits of movement of the rear a suitable spacer iii if such is necessary, the block I‘! having the general shape of a carpenter's 10 crank arm from a vertically downward position to a horizontal position limit the movement of square is rigidly secured. This block I‘! has one the front crank arm from a horizontal position of its legs; i3 disposed vertically, and the other to a vertically upward position in the order re of its legs is disposed horizontally toward the cited, whereby said front and rear crank arms, The end 52 lies in the plane of block l1, and : normally because of their weights and moment arms, take horizontal and vertically downward the block it is so disposed with reference, to the positions, respectively, said front crank arm, axis of rod ii that end l2 may be moved from when in its horizontal position being disposed in the vertical position shown in Fig. 2 to the hori front of the recess in the horizontal member to zontal position shown at the right in Fig. 1. The left. ' I legs of block it thus act as stops for end [2 in its arcuate movement. . thus retain within the recess, any elongated ob ject vertically disposed in the recess. , 3. In a rack for storing elongated objects in When a flask is to be positionedv in the cut-out a vertical position on a base and within a recess portion the end is is lifted to a vertical position in ‘the front of a horizontally disposed member till end 42 contacts the leg is. After the flask is in position, the end i5 need merely be released. 25 forming part of the rack, in combination, a bell crank lever pivoted on a horizontal ‘axis on the The rod H, because of the weight of ends I2 and horizontal member, the crank arms being off-set I5, will rotate counterclockwise till the end I2 so that one crank arm is disposed at the back of engages leg iii. When end I2 is in such end posi the horizontal member and the other is disposed tion, end 55 will, of course, be in a horizontal in front of the recess, when in a horizontalposi positionto retainthe flask F in the rack, It will be noted that my device will not permit - ‘ the positioning of the flask in the rack except tion, a distance sufficient to fall in front of the object being stored in the recess, and means ‘for limiting the movement of the bell crank lever end E?) be movedv clockwise through ninety, de grees; "Once the ?ask is in position, no further > so that the front crank arm may take either a positive act is required of the attendant. My 35 vertical position, to permit insertion of an object: device automatically takes over the task of re taining the flask in. the rack. Accidents from falling andv possibly exploding ?ask because of such falling are completely eliminated. While I have shown my special safety device as positioned at the right of the cut-out portion, it is, of course, clear that the device could be at ' theleft for left-handed people without departing from the spirit of my invention. l claim as my invention: 1. In a rack for storing elongated objects in a vertical position on a base and within a recess in the front of a horizontal member forming part of the rack, in combination, a shaft disposed for I rotary motion on the horizontal member on an axis substantially normal to the member, a pen dulous depending projection on the rear end of the shaft rigidly secured thereto and tending to hold the shaft in a given angular position, a pen dulous arm projecting at right angles from the front end of the shaft, said arm falling in a plane normal to the plane de?ned by. the shaft and the pendulous depending projection, said pendulous arm’when in horizontal position falling in front of the recess in the horizontal member, and means for limiting the "rotation of the shaft through a right angle so that when the pendulous arm is in horizontal position the pendulous de in the recess, or a horizontal position to retain the object in the recess, said rear crank arm being‘ positioned with reference to the frontcrank arm to bias the front crank arm to a horizontal p081‘. tion. ' 4. In a rack for storing and securing elongated objects within aligned positions in a pair of par allelly disposed members forming part of the rack, _ in combination, a bell crank lever pivoted on an axis normal to one of the parallelly disposed members and having its crank arms falling in parallel planes spaced from each other at a dis tance slightly greater than one of the parallelly disposed members so that one crank arm falls behind and the other crank arm falls in front of the member to which the bell crank lever is piv oted, the pivotal positioning of the bell crank lever being such thatthe crank arm falling in front of the member when in one position also ' falls across the recess in one of thevp-arallelly disposed members so that any elongated object disposed in the recess is held in the recess, the crank arms being angularly so disposed with ref erence to the pivot axis that the front crank arm is always biased to said one position. 5. In a rack for retaining objects in position in a recess on a bar forming part of the rack, in combination, a bearing sleeve disposed adjacent pending projection is in‘ a vertical position and or) the recess and transverse of the bar, a crank shaft mounted for rotation in the bearing, crank arms when the pendulous arm is in a vertical position, projecting from the shaft at each end of the bear so that an object may be inserted in the recess, ing sleeve, the direction of projection of the crank the pendulous depending projection is in a hori arms with reference to the bearing axis and with zontal position. reference to each other being such that one crank 2. In a rack for storing elongated objects in a vertical position on a base and within a recess in the front of a horizontally disposed member forming part of the rack, in combination, a bell crank lever pivoted for rotation on a horizontal arm is biased to fall across the recess in the bar’ to hold any-object disposed therein in position, and means for limiting the rotatignof theiorank shaft in the bearing to an angle of ninety degrees axis normal to the horizontal member, one crank 75 so that the crank arm- coactingiwith ‘the recess Y B 9,412,873 may be moved from in front of the recess to per~ mit insertion of an object in the recess. 6. In a rack for storing elongated cylindrical 6 of the bearing sleeve bent downwardly at right angles to the bearing axis and having its front end, at a distance from the upper bar slightly greater than the radius of the cylindrical object objects in a vertical position on a base and Within generally semi-circular recesses in the upper of 5 to be stored, bent in a horizontal direction to fall ‘ a. pair of vertically spaced parallelly disposed over the recess in the upper bar to thus retain horizontal bars comprising an upper bar and a within the recess any object that may be disposed lower bar and forming part of the rack in com in the recess, means for limiting the angular bination, a bearing sleeve rigidly secured to the motion of the rear downwardly bent end from a upper bar and disposed adjacent the generally 10 vertical position to a horizontal position to time semi-circular recess in the upper bar and having limit the movement of the front bent end from a its axis at right angles to the upper bar, a rod horizontal position to a vertical position. disposed for rotation in the bearing sleeve, said rod having its rear end just beyond the rear end JOHN COSLEY.