Патент USA US2412988код для вставки
Dec. 24, 1946. J. L. KLEINMAN 2,412,988 l REVERS IBLE GARMENT CONSTRUCTION Filed Sept. 30, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheeft 2 î J _. m i.w W «in TM RN ¿V+HmM. mw n , SM Patented Dec. 24,Y 1946 2,412,988 UNITED STATES PATENT. OFFICE 2,412,988 REVERSIBLE GARMENT CONSTRUCTIGN Jacob L. Kleinman, New York, N. Y.> Application September 30, 1943, Serial No. 504,401 1.6 Claims. (Cl. 2-93) l , The invention relates to a garment construction and more particularly to a garment which is re versible, so as to have either face thereof consti tute the outside face of the garment. The inven Z ment is in turn reversed, a four outer face, which may be diiferent from any of the others in color or design, is then presented to the exterior. There is, therefore, thus produced, in accord ance with my invention, a reversible garment which in addition to its mere reversibility, ex conventional reversible garment in that in addi tion to the structure thereof imparting the con hibits the novelty that once such garment has ventional reversibility to the garment, it is con« been reversed, it can be further manipulated to stituted of two plies of material forming substan expose to the exterior of the garment, two other tially complete garments in themselves, but so 10 outer surfaces of different design or` color than joined together that either face of both of the those secured by the originalcapacity of the re tion embodies an improved construction of such - Ul constituent garment structures may be exposed versibility of the garment. . , so as to form or constitute the outer face of the These objects of the present invention are at garment proper. In other words, in addition to tainedby a novel construction which will be here the garment being reversible, my novel construc 15 inafter described and illustrated in the drawings tion makes it possible that either side or face of in connection with a specific embodiment of the either of the two component garments may be invention. ` used as the outside or outer face, whereby there is produced a single garment of unitary construc Before describing such specific embodiment, however, the particular utility of a garment con tion, but of two-ply four-face structure.` In this 20 struction of this novel character in two fields of way, any one of four diii'erent faces of different application may well be first set forth. colors or different designs, and, as a matter of The manifest advantages of a garment of this fact, diiferent materials, may form the outer or construction in the carrying on of modern war visible face of the garment. fare, in which the art of camouflage has become My novel garment construction is capable of 25 of paramount tactical importance, is evident from being utilized in substantially any form or con the consideration that a member of the armed figuration of garment such, for instance, as a forces, supplied lwith such a two-ply four-face re coat jacket, blouse, shirt, skirt, trousers, or any versible garment, is enabled with a single garment combination of the aforementioned articles of of comparatively little weight, to don the garment 30 apparel. The structural features of the novel with that one of its four faces exposed to the Aout garment may be utilized in the construction of side which is most consonant with the nature, for garments of all types, including such as have instance, as to color, of the surrounding terrain. sleeves, hoods, collar or lapel components, or such To illustrate, a single unitary garment of my novel garments as constitute merely protective or cover ing apparel, for instance, a cape, raincoat, or 35 construction may be supplied to a member of the armed forces irrespective of whether the com similar over-all garment. batant is to become active in a theatre of war in In accordance with my invention, I produce a the cold regions, for instance the polar regions, in garment of this general character utilizing two which a background of snow is dominant, in substantially identical garments, one within the other, and in substantial surface contact with 40 which case he would expose to the outside the face ' of the garment which is substantially white, so as all of the interior surface of the outer garment to blend most inconspicuously with the surround with the component parts of the two garments ing terrain covered with snow, 0r if he is to be ac joined together in a novel manner. The garment, tive in a theatre of operations the surrounding thus constructed, may be reversed, or turned in side out. in the conventional manner of reversible 45 terrain of which is jungle, the garment may be donned with its face exposed which has a color garments. In addition, however, to the mere re known as “jungle green,” or a design simulating versibility of the garment, my novel construction jungle growth. To take care of a third and quite permits the interchanging of the two component different theatre of operation, for instance, in a garment elements so that the outer portion or face of the duplex `garment can become the in 50 terrain of a desert, the'third face of the garment terior component and the interior portion or face may be of a color like desert sand. The fourth the exterior component or outer face. whereupon face of the garment for camouflage purposes, may the conventional reversal of these two garment be of a green color simulating the green of ordi components results in the presentation for visi nary foliage, or of grass, to adapt the garment for bility of a third outer surface. When this gar 55 wear by a-'cornbatant in a field of operations in 2,412,988 ‘ 3 4 which green fields or forests of green foliage are specific embodiment of my invention is illustrated, predominant. Fig. 1 is a front view of a hooded jacket in the construction of which my invention has been em The above is merely illustrative of a partícu bodied; lar utility of my novel reversible two-ply four face garment in carrying on modern warfare. Fig. 2 is a side view of such jacket; Fig. 3 is a section on the line 3-3 of Fig. l; To illustrate the ordinary commercial utility Fig. 4 is a section similar to Fig. 3 with the gar ment of Fig. 1 reversed so as to expose the inner of my novel garment in civilian life, a garment constructed in accordance with my invention, component section of the garment to the exterior; Fig. 5 is a section on the line 5_5 of Fig. 2; whether a cape, coat, blouse o1' shirt, could be utilized to increase the effective wardrobe of the wearer, by making it possible for either a male or female member of the public to have a single garment and yet be in a position, by reasonof its construction, to present a substantially differ Fig. 6 shows the application of a hookless fas tener type of closure to the ends of the sleeve of the garment of Figs. 1 and 2; Fig. '7 shows the hookless fastener structure in its closed condition to unite the two component units of the sleeve of the garment, and ent appearance as to color or design at different times that the garment is worn or at different periods during a single period of wearing of such garment. For instance, certain colors or designs of a fabric are conventionally selected for sports wear. A more somber color or design may be de- - on one face or the other. sirable, if the person wearing the garment finds Referring more particularly to the drawings, in which similar reference characters identify similar parts in the several views, in my novel it necessary to attend one function immediately after another without the ability, aside from the additional expense, of effecting a change of ap unitary reversible garment. parel. I0 represents the body of a garment unit, in the Particularly in the case of women, the well known propensity of having a large variety of changes of apparel in which the difference in color or design is the principal desideratum, my novel construction of garment will find greatest favor, as it makes possible the purchase of a single garment Which, with comparatively simple manipulation, may be immediately changed to a garment of substantially different appear ance by reason of a change of color or design Fig.v 8 illustrates a type of double-action slider for the fastener structure which permits the union of the fastener elements of the slide fastener from either direction, i. e., whether the sleeve is exposed particular instance illustrated, the body portion of a jacket. Such body portion completely en circles the torso in the manner of any such gar ment and has the front portion thereof open throughout its length. Underlying this outer gar ment unit body is a second garment unit body I I which is substantially congruent with the outer body and is disposed within such outer body in ;w CA substantial surface contact therewith through of the material upon the exposed and visible face of the garment. In connection particularly with the utilization of my invention in the construction of a raincoat or cape, in which a sudden change of weather . when the wearer is away from home, my novel construction will find special appeal. For in stance, one of the component garments of my combination article of apparel may be constituted of waterproof or water-repellant material hav ing two faces of different color and design. When a person is caught outdoors in a sudden shower or rainstorm, either one of two faces of the rain coat component may be exposed to form the outer face of the garment, depending upon its appropriate match with the other articles of ap parel of the wearer, for instance, her hat, shoes, skirt, etc. The variety of possible applications of my novel construction in connection with different articles i out, With the exception of the edge portions there of near the front opening two garment units have inwardly as shown at I2, edges of-a flap structure of the garment. The their selvages turned I2 (Fig. 3) with the I3' of duplex material interposed in the turned-in selvage. The flap I3, as shown clearly in Fig. 3, is con stituted of two plies of material having the edges opposite those edges which are contained within the selvages I2 likewise turned in as at I4, the selvages of the flap thus formed being joined by stitching I5. The iiap I3 i5 joined to the outer and inner bodies of the garment by a line of stitching I6. A flap I7 of duplex material has its free edges turned in to form the selvages I8 which are then joined by stitching I9. The opposite edges of the flaps I'I are inserted between the selvages I2 of the outer and inner garment bodies, being joined by stitching 2D, The whole construction of inner and outer gar of apparel, as hereinabove indicated, is so pro ment body selvaging and the incorporation of lific that for the purpose of illustrating the inven the duplex flaps I3 and I'I is reproduced at the tion the specific embodiment of my invention in other side ofthe vertical garment body opening its application to a garment exhibiting the great est diñiculties has been selected. Such a garment 60 as shown by the cross-sectional view of Fig. 3. The surface design or color of the naps I3 and is one which necessarily must conform most I1 is so selected that, for instance, the design or rigidly to the body contours and one which has color of the lower strip of material of each flap the field of greatest possible commercial use. corresponds to the surface design o-r color of the For this purpose I have selected for illustration lower of the two materials constituting the outer of my novel construction, a garment constituted garment body and the upper surface of such flap of a jacket, having a hood attached thereto so corresponds to the design or coloring of the upper that the principles of construction may be best or inner garment body material. Thus, if each of illustrated in a garment having suchhood as an the two outer garment body materials I0 is green, auxiliary component of the garment. A jacket, 70 the lower surface of the lower flap I'I is also green. of course, involves the use of two sleeves in the To illustrate this with more Clarity, the lower sur adaption of my inventive construction to which face of the outer garment body 58 is marked a the principles of my novel construction will be and therefore the lower surface of the lower or best illustrated. outer flap I'I is also marked a. The upper sur In the accompanying drawings in which such 75 face of the inner garment body II is marked b 2,412,988 5 .-6 and therefore, to indicate the same color, the up per surface of the inner ñap I 'I is likewise marked the two tubular sleeves with the slide fastener structure in closed condition. b. The third design or color c is the same on the upper surface of the flap I 3 and the lower surface Of course, any other means of closure, for in stance, buttons or snap fasteners may be used in place of the slide fastener closure structure. The hood portion 35 of the jacket is constituted likewise of two substantially complete and con gruent sheets of material 36 and 3l which are joined to the neck portion of the garment. The of the inner garment body II, while the fourth color d is the same on the lower surface 0f the flap I3 and the upper surface of the outer gar ment body IU. Thus it will be seen that the color of the respec tive flaps I3 and Il' upon their surfaces facing the front opening of the hood portion is provided with exterior is the same in all cases as the color of the pairs of flaps 38 and 39 which are constructed and faces of the respective outer or inner garment operate in substantially identical fashion with the flaps I3 and I‘I of the garment body portions. In reversing the garment illustrated in the drawings, to have the inner face thereof exposed, body in any particular disposition of the garment units. The manner of fabricating the flaps and the method of their attachment to the edges of the garment at the front opening thereof will be ob vious to those skilled in the art from an inspection of Figs. 3 and 4. Briefly stated this method is as follows: 20 The flaps Il are first made of two strips of ma terial, one superposed upon the other and joined along one edge by stitching. The two strips of manner. To obtain the third design or color exposed to the exterior, the two inner sleeve units are ñrst grasped on their interior, and separated from the outer sleeve units and the inner sleeve drawn through the armhole. material are then folded over to form the in turned selvage I 3 of such flaps and the whole se The hand is then inserted through the open bottom of the garment into the space between the two body sections and the entire garment turned inside out by a pull of the hand. The sleeve of the inner garment is then positioned into the sleeve of the outer garment, so that the sleeve units have been reversed, the one formerly con cured together by stitching I9. The opposite edge of each of the flaps I‘I has then applied thereto the edges of the selvages I2 of the garment body material and the four plies of material sewn to gether by stitching 20. The free edges of the flaps I3 are then brought to a position overlying the edges of the material of the body and secured to gether by stitching 2 I_ The material of the bodies stituting the inner sleeve faces becoming the outer one and the former outer sleeve faces now I0 and II are then turned back, containing and becoming the inner sleeve faces. By this manip ulation, the originally inner garment body sur faces face the exterior, and the originally outer garment body surface forms the interior faces. concealing within them the flap I 3 and leaving flap I'I exposed, and the bodies are stitched to the flaps I3 by stitching I6, thus concealing the selvage joint between the body material and those of both flaps. The lower edges of the two outer and inner garment bodies I0 and II are formed as illus trated in enlarged detail in Fig. 5. The material of the outer garment body lil has applied thereto a separate strip of material 22 formed with sel vages 23 and 24 each of which is joined to the body I0, the lower portion of which has been pro vided with selva-ge 25. The purpose of applying this border strip 22 is to have the material of the it is only necessary to reverse the entire garment including the two body portions, the two sleeve portions and the hood portion in the conventional When the garment is thus reversed to turn it in side out, the stitch line I6 forms the fulcrum of the reversal. The hood portion will, of course, likewise be reversed by this operation. The entire garment will now be completely re versed and one of the design or color of the ma ’ terial which was one of the two designs or colors same design or color on the exposed face of such strip as is the design or color of the material of , the body portion I I. facing each other in the interior of the garment will now be exposed, forming the top and outer surface. - In order to secure the exposure of the fourth design or color of the material of which the gar - If desired, the border strip 22 may be elim ment is constituted, the composite garment may inated and the edge of the material of the body now be again reversed in the conventional man may beturned up and secured as a selvage as at ner in order to bring the inner surface thereof 26 of body I I, forming a border of different color. facing outwardly. The two sleeves 2'I and 28 of the garment se lected for illustration are similarly constituted The closure of the garment along the vertical front opening may be effected by any conven tional means. In the particular embodiment shown in the drawings, I have illustrated the use of buttons and buttonholes. Such buttons and of two substantially congruent units 29 and 3l), the former constituting the outer unit of the sleeve and the latter the inner unit thereof, such sleeve units 29 and 3D being secured to the outer and inner garment body units I3 and II at the shoulders of the garment. The ends of the sleeve units may `be left free, but in the preferred em- ' bodìment of my invention, the tubular units con stituting the duplex sleeves may be conveniently provided with circular lines of fastener elements 3| and 32, respectively (Fig. 6), which may be brought to the closed condition (Fig. 7) by a con ventional double-action fastener slider 33 having two slider handles (Fig. `8) so that the slider may be operated from either side of the lines of fas tener elements to effect their closure. The duplex sleeve with the fastener elements in open condi tion is illustrated in Fig. 6, while Fig. 7 illustrates 75 cooperating buttonholes are provided at suitable distances apart upon flaps I 3 and I'I in such man ner that when one flap is superposed upon the other, for instance, the two flaps I'I in the in stance illustrated, the outer flap I'I is provided with buttonholes, and the inner flap I 'l is provided with buttons. The corresponding cooperating flaps I3 are similarly provided with buttons on one and buttonholes on the other, so that upon the reversal of the garment exposing such flaps I3 to the exterior, the cooperating buttons and. buttonholes may be used for the closure of the garment. By the use of two pairs of flaps in this manner, the closure of the garment at vthe front may be readily effected irrespective of 2,412,988 7 which side of the garment is exposed to the ex terior. ' ` Of course, in place of buttons and cooperating buttonholes, any other closure means, for in stance, cooperating snap fasteners, may be used. Furthermore, in place of this type of closure means, there may be used lengths of hookless fas teners in which case the fabric stringers upon edges of the front sections of the garment with any of the four exposable faces of the garment units turned outwardly, said means comprising a pair of flaps secured to the edge of each garment unit, one of said flaps extending from each side of such edge. 5. In a reversible garment comprising two com plete and ysubstantially congruent garment units, a closure means for each of the open edges of each the edges of’ which the hookless fastener elements are clamped may themselves constitute the flaps 10 garmentl unit, comprising two longitudinally ex tending iiaps, one of which is exposed and the I3 and I1, such stringers being secured within and other concealed within the fabric constituting the attached to the selvages of the garment body garment unit. materials precisely in the manner described and illustrated with respect to the manner of secure 6. Closure means for a reversible garment com 15 prising a pair of longitudinally extending naps, ment of the flaps I3 and I1. one of which is exposed and the other concealed, While I have described a specific embodiment upon both edges of the garment units, and in of my invention, and have illustrated its applica which either of the exposed fiaps may form with tion to a garment constituting a jacket, it is ob the other exposed flap, the closure structure for vious that the principles of my invention are equally applicable to the construction of my other 20 the garment without changing the body encircling dimension of the garment. article of apparel of this general type, including '7. A reversible garment as claimed in Claim 1, a shirt, blouse, cape, skirt, and even trousers. including a pair of sleeve units each constituted With respect t'o the latter, the body portion of of two complete and substantially congruent tu the trousers can be constituted of duplex mate bular sections, whereby the garment when such rial very much like the construction of the two sleeves and the body of the garment are reversed, garment bodies I0 and I'I described in connec presents to the exterior any one of four faces of tion with the jacket, the trouser leg portions be the material constituting said ysleeve sections. ing constituted of duplex material in the man 8. A reversible garment comprising two com ner of the sleeves of the particular jacket de scribed and illustrated. In the application of my 30 plete and substantially congruent garment units, one disposed within the other in substantial sur invention to an ordinary skirt, no difficulties face contact Iwith each other, a hood portion at whatsoever are involved, as such skirt can be tached along _its bottom peripheral edge to the constituted of two duplex units, one forming the garment units the inner surfaces of each of said lining for the other, and capable of manipulation garment units and o-f such hood portion, facing to reverse the same and turn it inside out, once it each other being different in Isurface design and has been reversed, to secure the third and >fourth color from the outer surfaces of said garment design or color of the material for exposure to units and of the hood portion. the outside. 9. A reversible garment comprising two com Various changes may be made in the specific arrangement of the parts, and the manner of se 40 plete and substantially congruent garment units, one disposed within the other in substantial sur curement thereof to each other, for instance, in the manner oi forming the selvages, stitching, etc., without departing from my invention. I de sire to be limited in the application of the prin ciples of my invention only by the scope of the appended claims. I claim: l. A reversible garment comprising tWo com plete and substantially congruent garment, units, one disposed within the other in lsubstantial sur face contact with each other, each surface of each face contact, with each other, a hood portion at tached to each of said garment units, each sur face of each of said units and of 'such hood por tion being of a different surface design and color from the other surfaces of the garment units and hood portion, the garment thus constituting a two-ply, four-face, composite garment and at tached hood capable of being reversed so as to expose any of the four faces of the garment mate rial and of the hood portion to the exterior. ' l0. A garment comprising a plurality of indi of said units being of a different surface design vidual bodies, each of said bodies having an outer and color from the other surfaces, the garment ysurface and an inner surface of different design thus constituting a two-ply, four-face, composite or color, said bodies having an edge section, the garment capable of being reversed so as to ex edge section of one of said bodies being adapted pose any of the four faces of the garment mate to be joined with the edge section of the other rial to the exterior. of said bodies, said joined section being provided 2. A reversible garment as claimed in claim i, including mean for closing the free meeting edges with an outer flap and with an inner iiap, the of the front sections of the garment in any of 60 inner ñap being positioned between said bodies, the four exposable faces of the garment units. said garment being adapted to be turned inside 3. A reversible garment comprising two com out in a manner whereby the inner flap will be plete and substantially congruent garment units, exposed and the outer iiap will be concealed be one disposed within the other, the inner surfaces tween said bodies. ' 11. A garment comprising a plurality of indi of each of said garment units facing each other being different in surface design and color from vidual bodies, each of said bodies being provided the outer surfaces or" said garment unit, and in with an outer surface and an inner surface of cluding means for closing the free meeting edges different color and with edge sections, at least of the front sections of the garment with any of a portion of the edge section of one of said the four exposable faces of the garment units 70 bodies being adapted to be joined with a portion turned outwardly, said means comprising a pair of the edge section of the other of said bodies of flaps secured to the edges of the garment units in a manner whereby said inner faces may face and extending from each side of such edges. each other, at least a portion of said joined edge portion being provided with a plurality of 4. A reversible garment as claimed in claim l, including means for closing the free meeting flaps, one of said ñaps extending between said in 2,412,988 ner faces and the other of said naps extending in line with said outer faces. 12. A garment comprising a plurality of indi vidual bodies, each of said bodies being provided with an outer surface and an inner surface of 10 adapted to be turned inside-out in a manner whereby said inner fastening means appear on the outside of the joined portion and the visible fastening means become concealed between the said individual bodies, the inner fastening means of one of said joined portions being Vadapted different design or color, each of said bodies having a botto-m edge section and an upper edge section, at least a portion of the upper edge section of one of said bodies being joined with to engage the fastening means of the other of of said bodies, said joined portion being pro the front sections thereof in a manner providing said joined portions. 15. A reversible garment structure compris a portion of the upper edge section of the other 10 ing two individual units joined to each other at vided with a, flap portion at the outer end thereof and with a flap portion at the inner end thereof, two outer faces and two inner faces, and wherein either one of the inner or outer faces may be exposed for use as a top face, said structure the latter extending between the inner surfaces of said bodies. 15 being provided with- an outer right-hand front 13. A garment-J comprising a Yplurality of indi edge and with an outer left-hand front edge, each vidual bodies, each of said bodies having an outer of said edges being provided with fastening surface and an inner surface, of different design means, the right-hand fastening means being or color, and an edge section, a portion of the adapted to be interlocked with the left-hand edge section of one of said bodies being joined 20 fastening means, said garment being reversible with a portion of the edge section4 of the other in either direction in a manner whereby either of said bodies in a manner whereby said inner one of the outer faces may be exposed for use surfaces may face each other, said joined por as a top face, the bottom sections of said units tion having an outer flap, a portion of said fiap being separated from each other so that said extending inwardly of said joint and positioned 25 garment may be turned in-side-out, with either between the inner surfaces of said bodies. one of the inner faces exposed for use as a top 14. A garment comprising a plurality of indi face and the inner side of the front edges used vidual bodies, each of said bodies being provided as outer front edges, each of said last mentioned with an outer surface and with a different co1 front edges having fastening means adapted to ored inner surface and with edge sections, a por 30 be interlocked. ' tion of the edge section of one of said bodies 16. A reversible covering structure comprising being joined with a portion of the edge section two individual units disposed one within the other, of the other of said bodies, said garment being the edge portions of said units being joined to provided with at least two of such joined por~ gether and stitched in a manner whereby the tions, said joined portions adapted to face each 35 raw edges of the material are hidden from view other and being provided with visible fastening when the structure is turned inside out in either means for connecting such portions to each other, direction and used with either one of the four each of the inner parts of said joined portions faces exposed as the top face. being provided with inner fastening means. posi tioned between said inner surfaces, said garment 4.0. JACOB L, KLEINMAN.