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Патент USA US2412988

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Dec. 24, 1946.
J. L. KLEINMAN
2,412,988 l
REVERS IBLE GARMENT CONSTRUCTION
Filed Sept. 30, 1945
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Patented Dec. 24,Y 1946
2,412,988
UNITED STATES PATENT. OFFICE
2,412,988
REVERSIBLE GARMENT CONSTRUCTIGN
Jacob L. Kleinman, New York, N. Y.>
Application September 30, 1943, Serial No. 504,401
1.6 Claims. (Cl. 2-93)
l
,
The invention relates to a garment construction
and more particularly to a garment which is re
versible, so as to have either face thereof consti
tute the outside face of the garment. The inven
Z
ment is in turn reversed, a four outer face, which
may be diiferent from any of the others in color
or design, is then presented to the exterior.
There is, therefore, thus produced, in accord
ance with my invention, a reversible garment
which in addition to its mere reversibility, ex
conventional reversible garment in that in addi
tion to the structure thereof imparting the con
hibits the novelty that once such garment has
ventional reversibility to the garment, it is con«
been reversed, it can be further manipulated to
stituted of two plies of material forming substan
expose to the exterior of the garment, two other
tially complete garments in themselves, but so 10 outer surfaces of different design or` color than
joined together that either face of both of the
those secured by the originalcapacity of the re
tion embodies an improved construction of such - Ul
constituent garment structures may be exposed
versibility of the garment.
.
,
so as to form or constitute the outer face of the
These objects of the present invention are at
garment proper. In other words, in addition to
tainedby a novel construction which will be here
the garment being reversible, my novel construc 15 inafter described and illustrated in the drawings
tion makes it possible that either side or face of
in connection with a specific embodiment of the
either of the two component garments may be
invention.
`
used as the outside or outer face, whereby there
is produced a single garment of unitary construc
Before describing such specific embodiment,
however, the particular utility of a garment con
tion, but of two-ply four-face structure.` In this 20 struction of this novel character in two fields of
way, any one of four diii'erent faces of different
application may well be first set forth.
colors or different designs, and, as a matter of
The manifest advantages of a garment of this
fact, diiferent materials, may form the outer or
construction in the carrying on of modern war
visible face of the garment.
fare, in which the art of camouflage has become
My novel garment construction is capable of 25 of paramount tactical importance, is evident from
being utilized in substantially any form or con
the consideration that a member of the armed
figuration of garment such, for instance, as a
forces, supplied lwith such a two-ply four-face re
coat jacket, blouse, shirt, skirt, trousers, or any
versible
garment, is enabled with a single garment
combination of the aforementioned articles of
of
comparatively
little weight, to don the garment
30
apparel. The structural features of the novel
with that one of its four faces exposed to the Aout
garment may be utilized in the construction of
side which is most consonant with the nature, for
garments of all types, including such as have
instance, as to color, of the surrounding terrain.
sleeves, hoods, collar or lapel components, or such
To illustrate, a single unitary garment of my novel
garments as constitute merely protective or cover
ing apparel, for instance, a cape, raincoat, or 35 construction may be supplied to a member of the
armed forces irrespective of whether the com
similar over-all garment.
batant is to become active in a theatre of war in
In accordance with my invention, I produce a
the cold regions, for instance the polar regions, in
garment of this general character utilizing two
which a background of snow is dominant, in
substantially identical garments, one within the
other, and in substantial surface contact with 40 which case he would expose to the outside the face
' of the garment which is substantially white, so as
all of the interior surface of the outer garment
to blend most inconspicuously with the surround
with the component parts of the two garments
ing terrain covered with snow, 0r if he is to be ac
joined together in a novel manner. The garment,
tive in a theatre of operations the surrounding
thus constructed, may be reversed, or turned in
side out. in the conventional manner of reversible 45 terrain of which is jungle, the garment may be
donned with its face exposed which has a color
garments. In addition, however, to the mere re
known as “jungle green,” or a design simulating
versibility of the garment, my novel construction
jungle growth. To take care of a third and quite
permits the interchanging of the two component
different theatre of operation, for instance, in a
garment elements so that the outer portion or
face of the duplex `garment can become the in 50 terrain of a desert, the'third face of the garment
terior component and the interior portion or face
may be of a color like desert sand. The fourth
the exterior component or outer face. whereupon
face of the garment for camouflage purposes, may
the conventional reversal of these two garment
be of a green color simulating the green of ordi
components results in the presentation for visi
nary foliage, or of grass, to adapt the garment for
bility of a third outer surface. When this gar 55 wear by a-'cornbatant in a field of operations in
2,412,988
‘
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4
which green fields or forests of green foliage are
specific embodiment of my invention is illustrated,
predominant.
Fig. 1 is a front view of a hooded jacket in the
construction of which my invention has been em
The above is merely illustrative of a partícu
bodied;
lar utility of my novel reversible two-ply four
face garment in carrying on modern warfare.
Fig. 2 is a side view of such jacket;
Fig. 3 is a section on the line 3-3 of Fig. l;
To illustrate the ordinary commercial utility
Fig. 4 is a section similar to Fig. 3 with the gar
ment of Fig. 1 reversed so as to expose the inner
of my novel garment in civilian life, a garment
constructed in accordance with my invention,
component section of the garment to the exterior;
Fig. 5 is a section on the line 5_5 of Fig. 2;
whether a cape, coat, blouse o1' shirt, could be
utilized to increase the effective wardrobe of the
wearer, by making it possible for either a male
or female member of the public to have a single
garment and yet be in a position, by reasonof
its construction, to present a substantially differ
Fig. 6 shows the application of a hookless fas
tener type of closure to the ends of the sleeve of
the garment of Figs. 1 and 2;
Fig. '7 shows the hookless fastener structure in
its closed condition to unite the two component
units of the sleeve of the garment, and
ent appearance as to color or design at different
times that the garment is worn or at different
periods during a single period of wearing of such
garment. For instance, certain colors or designs
of a fabric are conventionally selected for sports
wear.
A more somber color or design may be de- -
on one face or the other.
sirable, if the person wearing the garment finds
Referring more particularly to the drawings,
in which similar reference characters identify
similar parts in the several views, in my novel
it necessary to attend one function immediately
after another without the ability, aside from the
additional expense, of effecting a change of ap
unitary reversible garment.
parel.
I0 represents the body of a garment unit, in the
Particularly in the case of women, the well
known propensity of having a large variety of
changes of apparel in which the difference in
color or design is the principal desideratum, my
novel construction of garment will find greatest
favor, as it makes possible the purchase of a
single garment Which, with comparatively simple
manipulation,
may be immediately changed
to a garment of substantially different appear
ance by reason of a change of color or design
Fig.v 8 illustrates a type of double-action slider
for the fastener structure which permits the union
of the fastener elements of the slide fastener from
either direction, i. e., whether the sleeve is exposed
particular instance illustrated, the body portion
of a jacket. Such body portion completely en
circles the torso in the manner of any such gar
ment and has the front portion thereof open
throughout its length. Underlying this outer gar
ment unit body is a second garment unit body I I
which is substantially congruent with the outer
body and is disposed within such outer body in
;w CA substantial surface contact therewith through
of the material upon the exposed and visible face
of the garment.
In connection particularly with the utilization
of my invention in the construction of a raincoat
or cape, in which a sudden change of weather .
when the wearer is away from home, my novel
construction will find special appeal. For in
stance, one of the component garments of my
combination article of apparel may be constituted
of waterproof or water-repellant material hav
ing two faces of different color and design. When
a person is caught outdoors in a sudden shower
or rainstorm, either one of two faces of the rain
coat component may be exposed to form the
outer face of the garment, depending upon its
appropriate match with the other articles of ap
parel of the wearer, for instance, her hat, shoes,
skirt, etc.
The variety of possible applications of my novel
construction in connection with different articles i
out, With the exception of the edge portions there
of near the front opening
two garment units have
inwardly as shown at I2,
edges of-a flap structure
of the garment. The
their selvages turned
I2 (Fig. 3) with the
I3' of duplex material
interposed in the turned-in selvage.
The flap I3, as shown clearly in Fig. 3, is con
stituted of two plies of material having the edges
opposite those edges which are contained within
the selvages I2 likewise turned in as at I4, the
selvages of the flap thus formed being joined by
stitching I5. The iiap I3 i5 joined to the outer
and inner bodies of the garment by a line of
stitching I6.
A flap I7 of duplex material has its free edges
turned in to form the selvages I8 which are then
joined by stitching I9. The opposite edges of the
flaps I'I are inserted between the selvages I2 of
the outer and inner garment bodies, being joined
by stitching 2D,
The whole construction of inner and outer gar
of apparel, as hereinabove indicated, is so pro
ment body selvaging and the incorporation of
lific that for the purpose of illustrating the inven
the duplex flaps I3 and I'I is reproduced at the
tion the specific embodiment of my invention in
other side ofthe vertical garment body opening
its application to a garment exhibiting the great
est diñiculties has been selected. Such a garment 60 as shown by the cross-sectional view of Fig. 3.
The surface design or color of the naps I3 and
is one which necessarily must conform most
I1 is so selected that, for instance, the design or
rigidly to the body contours and one which has
color of the lower strip of material of each flap
the field of greatest possible commercial use.
corresponds
to the surface design o-r color of the
For this purpose I have selected for illustration
lower of the two materials constituting the outer
of my novel construction, a garment constituted
garment body and the upper surface of such flap
of a jacket, having a hood attached thereto so
corresponds to the design or coloring of the upper
that the principles of construction may be best
or inner garment body material. Thus, if each of
illustrated in a garment having suchhood as an
the two outer garment body materials I0 is green,
auxiliary component of the garment. A jacket,
70 the lower surface of the lower flap I'I is also green.
of course, involves the use of two sleeves in the
To illustrate this with more Clarity, the lower sur
adaption of my inventive construction to which
face of the outer garment body 58 is marked a
the principles of my novel construction will be
and therefore the lower surface of the lower or
best illustrated.
outer flap I'I is also marked a. The upper sur
In the accompanying drawings in which such 75 face of the inner garment body II is marked b
2,412,988
5
.-6
and therefore, to indicate the same color, the up
per surface of the inner ñap I 'I is likewise marked
the two tubular sleeves with the slide fastener
structure in closed condition.
b. The third design or color c is the same on the
upper surface of the flap I 3 and the lower surface
Of course, any other means of closure, for in
stance, buttons or snap fasteners may be used in
place of the slide fastener closure structure.
The hood portion 35 of the jacket is constituted
likewise of two substantially complete and con
gruent sheets of material 36 and 3l which are
joined to the neck portion of the garment. The
of the inner garment body II, while the fourth
color d is the same on the lower surface 0f the
flap I3 and the upper surface of the outer gar
ment body IU.
Thus it will be seen that the color of the respec
tive flaps I3 and Il' upon their surfaces facing the
front opening of the hood portion is provided with
exterior is the same in all cases as the color of the
pairs of flaps 38 and 39 which are constructed and
faces of the respective outer or inner garment
operate in substantially identical fashion with
the flaps I3 and I‘I of the garment body portions.
In reversing the garment illustrated in the
drawings, to have the inner face thereof exposed,
body in any particular disposition of the garment
units.
The manner of fabricating the flaps and the
method of their attachment to the edges of the
garment at the front opening thereof will be ob
vious to those skilled in the art from an inspection
of Figs. 3 and 4. Briefly stated this method is as
follows:
20
The flaps Il are first made of two strips of ma
terial, one superposed upon the other and joined
along one edge by stitching. The two strips of
manner.
To obtain the third design or color exposed to
the exterior, the two inner sleeve units are ñrst
grasped on their interior, and separated from the
outer sleeve units and the inner sleeve drawn
through the armhole.
material are then folded over to form the in
turned selvage I 3 of such flaps and the whole se
The hand is then inserted through the open
bottom of the garment into the space between the
two body sections and the entire garment turned
inside out by a pull of the hand. The sleeve of
the inner garment is then positioned into the
sleeve of the outer garment, so that the sleeve
units have been reversed, the one formerly con
cured together by stitching I9. The opposite edge
of each of the flaps I‘I has then applied thereto
the edges of the selvages I2 of the garment body
material and the four plies of material sewn to
gether by stitching 20. The free edges of the flaps
I3 are then brought to a position overlying the
edges of the material of the body and secured to
gether by stitching 2 I_ The material of the bodies
stituting the inner sleeve faces becoming the
outer one and the former outer sleeve faces now
I0 and II are then turned back, containing and
becoming the inner sleeve faces. By this manip
ulation, the originally inner garment body sur
faces face the exterior, and the originally outer
garment body surface forms the interior faces.
concealing within them the flap I 3 and leaving
flap I'I exposed, and the bodies are stitched to
the flaps I3 by stitching I6, thus concealing the
selvage joint between the body material and those
of both flaps.
The lower edges of the two outer and inner
garment bodies I0 and II are formed as illus
trated in enlarged detail in Fig. 5. The material
of the outer garment body lil has applied thereto
a separate strip of material 22 formed with sel
vages 23 and 24 each of which is joined to the
body I0, the lower portion of which has been pro
vided with selva-ge 25. The purpose of applying
this border strip 22 is to have the material of the
it is only necessary to reverse the entire garment
including the two body portions, the two sleeve
portions and the hood portion in the conventional
When the garment is thus reversed to turn it in
side out, the stitch line I6 forms the fulcrum of
the reversal.
The hood portion will, of course, likewise be
reversed by this operation.
The entire garment will now be completely re
versed and one of the design or color of the ma
’ terial which was one of the two designs or colors
same design or color on the exposed face of such
strip as is the design or color of the material of ,
the body portion I I.
facing each other in the interior of the garment
will now be exposed, forming the top and outer
surface.
-
In order to secure the exposure of the fourth
design or color of the material of which the gar
- If desired, the border strip 22 may be elim
ment is constituted, the composite garment may
inated and the edge of the material of the body
now be again reversed in the conventional man
may beturned up and secured as a selvage as at
ner in order to bring the inner surface thereof
26 of body I I, forming a border of different color.
facing outwardly.
The two sleeves 2'I and 28 of the garment se
lected for illustration are similarly constituted
The closure of the garment along the vertical
front opening may be effected by any conven
tional means. In the particular embodiment
shown in the drawings, I have illustrated the use
of buttons and buttonholes. Such buttons and
of two substantially congruent units 29 and 3l),
the former constituting the outer unit of the
sleeve and the latter the inner unit thereof, such
sleeve units 29 and 3D being secured to the outer
and inner garment body units I3 and II at the
shoulders of the garment. The ends of the sleeve
units may `be left free, but in the preferred em- '
bodìment of my invention, the tubular units con
stituting the duplex sleeves may be conveniently
provided with circular lines of fastener elements
3| and 32, respectively (Fig. 6), which may be
brought to the closed condition (Fig. 7) by a con
ventional double-action fastener slider 33 having
two slider handles (Fig. `8) so that the slider may
be operated from either side of the lines of fas
tener elements to effect their closure. The duplex
sleeve with the fastener elements in open condi
tion is illustrated in Fig. 6, while Fig. 7 illustrates 75
cooperating buttonholes are provided at suitable
distances apart upon flaps I 3 and I'I in such man
ner that when one flap is superposed upon the
other, for instance, the two flaps I'I in the in
stance illustrated, the outer flap I'I is provided
with buttonholes, and the inner flap I 'l is provided
with buttons. The corresponding cooperating
flaps I3 are similarly provided with buttons on
one and buttonholes on the other, so that
upon the reversal of the garment exposing such
flaps I3 to the exterior, the cooperating buttons
and. buttonholes may be used for the closure of
the garment. By the use of two pairs of flaps in
this manner, the closure of the garment at vthe
front may be readily effected irrespective of
2,412,988
7
which side of the garment is exposed to the ex
terior.
'
`
Of course, in place of buttons and cooperating
buttonholes, any other closure means, for in
stance, cooperating snap fasteners, may be used.
Furthermore, in place of this type of closure
means, there may be used lengths of hookless fas
teners in which case the fabric stringers upon
edges of the front sections of the garment with
any of the four exposable faces of the garment
units turned outwardly, said means comprising a
pair of flaps secured to the edge of each garment
unit, one of said flaps extending from each side
of such edge.
5. In a reversible garment comprising two com
plete and ysubstantially congruent garment units,
a closure means for each of the open edges of each
the edges of’ which the hookless fastener elements
are clamped may themselves constitute the flaps 10 garmentl unit, comprising two longitudinally ex
tending iiaps, one of which is exposed and the
I3 and I1, such stringers being secured within and
other concealed within the fabric constituting the
attached to the selvages of the garment body
garment unit.
materials precisely in the manner described and
illustrated with respect to the manner of secure
6. Closure means for a reversible garment com
15 prising a pair of longitudinally extending naps,
ment of the flaps I3 and I1.
one of which is exposed and the other concealed,
While I have described a specific embodiment
upon both edges of the garment units, and in
of my invention, and have illustrated its applica
which either of the exposed fiaps may form with
tion to a garment constituting a jacket, it is ob
the other exposed flap, the closure structure for
vious that the principles of my invention are
equally applicable to the construction of my other 20 the garment without changing the body encircling
dimension of the garment.
article of apparel of this general type, including
'7. A reversible garment as claimed in Claim 1,
a shirt, blouse, cape, skirt, and even trousers.
including a pair of sleeve units each constituted
With respect t'o the latter, the body portion of
of two complete and substantially congruent tu
the trousers can be constituted of duplex mate
bular sections, whereby the garment when such
rial very much like the construction of the two
sleeves and the body of the garment are reversed,
garment bodies I0 and I'I described in connec
presents to the exterior any one of four faces of
tion with the jacket, the trouser leg portions be
the material constituting said ysleeve sections.
ing constituted of duplex material in the man
8. A reversible garment comprising two com
ner of the sleeves of the particular jacket de
scribed and illustrated. In the application of my 30 plete and substantially congruent garment units,
one disposed within the other in substantial sur
invention to an ordinary skirt, no difficulties
face contact Iwith each other, a hood portion at
whatsoever are involved, as such skirt can be
tached along _its bottom peripheral edge to the
constituted of two duplex units, one forming the
garment units the inner surfaces of each of said
lining for the other, and capable of manipulation
garment units and o-f such hood portion, facing
to reverse the same and turn it inside out, once it
each other being different in Isurface design and
has been reversed, to secure the third and >fourth
color from the outer surfaces of said garment
design or color of the material for exposure to
units and of the hood portion.
the outside.
9. A reversible garment comprising two com
Various changes may be made in the specific
arrangement of the parts, and the manner of se 40 plete and substantially congruent garment units,
one disposed within the other in substantial sur
curement thereof to each other, for instance, in
the manner oi forming the selvages, stitching,
etc., without departing from my invention. I de
sire to be limited in the application of the prin
ciples of my invention only by the scope of the
appended claims.
I claim:
l. A reversible garment comprising tWo com
plete and substantially congruent garment, units,
one disposed within the other in lsubstantial sur
face contact with each other, each surface of each
face contact, with each other, a hood portion at
tached to each of said garment units, each sur
face of each of said units and of 'such hood por
tion being of a different surface design and color
from the other surfaces of the garment units and
hood portion, the garment thus constituting a
two-ply, four-face, composite garment and at
tached hood capable of being reversed so as to
expose any of the four faces of the garment mate
rial and of the hood portion to the exterior.
'
l0. A garment comprising a plurality of indi
of said units being of a different surface design
vidual bodies, each of said bodies having an outer
and color from the other surfaces, the garment
ysurface and an inner surface of different design
thus constituting a two-ply, four-face, composite
or color, said bodies having an edge section, the
garment capable of being reversed so as to ex
edge section of one of said bodies being adapted
pose any of the four faces of the garment mate
to be joined with the edge section of the other
rial to the exterior.
of said bodies, said joined section being provided
2. A reversible garment as claimed in claim i,
including mean for closing the free meeting edges
with an outer flap and with an inner iiap, the
of the front sections of the garment in any of 60 inner ñap being positioned between said bodies,
the four exposable faces of the garment units.
said garment being adapted to be turned inside
3. A reversible garment comprising two com
out in a manner whereby the inner flap will be
plete and substantially congruent garment units,
exposed and the outer iiap will be concealed be
one disposed within the other, the inner surfaces
tween said bodies.
'
11. A garment comprising a plurality of indi
of each of said garment units facing each other
being different in surface design and color from
vidual bodies, each of said bodies being provided
the outer surfaces or" said garment unit, and in
with an outer surface and an inner surface of
cluding means for closing the free meeting edges
different color and with edge sections, at least
of the front sections of the garment with any of
a portion of the edge section of one of said
the four exposable faces of the garment units 70 bodies being adapted to be joined with a portion
turned outwardly, said means comprising a pair
of the edge section of the other of said bodies
of flaps secured to the edges of the garment units
in a manner whereby said inner faces may face
and extending from each side of such edges.
each other, at least a portion of said joined
edge portion being provided with a plurality of
4. A reversible garment as claimed in claim l,
including means for closing the free meeting
flaps, one of said ñaps extending between said in
2,412,988
ner faces and the other of said naps extending
in line with said outer faces.
12. A garment comprising a plurality of indi
vidual bodies, each of said bodies being provided
with an outer surface and an inner surface of
10
adapted to be turned inside-out in a manner
whereby said inner fastening means appear on
the outside of the joined portion and the visible
fastening means become concealed between the
said individual bodies, the inner fastening means
of one of said joined portions being Vadapted
different design or color, each of said bodies
having a botto-m edge section and an upper edge
section, at least a portion of the upper edge
section of one of said bodies being joined with
to engage the fastening means of the other of
of said bodies, said joined portion being pro
the front sections thereof in a manner providing
said joined portions.
15. A reversible garment structure compris
a portion of the upper edge section of the other 10 ing two individual units joined to each other at
vided with a, flap portion at the outer end thereof
and with a flap portion at the inner end thereof,
two outer faces and two inner faces, and wherein
either one of the inner or outer faces may be
exposed for use as a top face, said structure
the latter extending between the inner surfaces
of said bodies.
15 being provided with- an outer right-hand front
13. A garment-J comprising a Yplurality of indi
edge and with an outer left-hand front edge, each
vidual bodies, each of said bodies having an outer
of said edges being provided with fastening
surface and an inner surface, of different design
means, the right-hand fastening means being
or color, and an edge section, a portion of the
adapted to be interlocked with the left-hand
edge section of one of said bodies being joined 20 fastening means, said garment being reversible
with a portion of the edge section4 of the other
in either direction in a manner whereby either
of said bodies in a manner whereby said inner
one of the outer faces may be exposed for use
surfaces may face each other, said joined por
as a top face, the bottom sections of said units
tion having an outer flap, a portion of said fiap
being separated from each other so that said
extending inwardly of said joint and positioned 25 garment may be turned in-side-out, with either
between the inner surfaces of said bodies.
one of the inner faces exposed for use as a top
14. A garment comprising a plurality of indi
face and the inner side of the front edges used
vidual bodies, each of said bodies being provided
as outer front edges, each of said last mentioned
with an outer surface and with a different co1
front edges having fastening means adapted to
ored inner surface and with edge sections, a por 30 be interlocked.
'
tion of the edge section of one of said bodies
16. A reversible covering structure comprising
being joined with a portion of the edge section
two individual units disposed one within the other,
of the other of said bodies, said garment being
the edge portions of said units being joined to
provided with at least two of such joined por~
gether and stitched in a manner whereby the
tions, said joined portions adapted to face each 35 raw edges of the material are hidden from view
other and being provided with visible fastening
when the structure is turned inside out in either
means for connecting such portions to each other,
direction and used with either one of the four
each of the inner parts of said joined portions
faces exposed as the top face.
being provided with inner fastening means. posi
tioned between said inner surfaces, said garment 4.0.
JACOB L, KLEINMAN.
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