Патент USA US2413008код для вставки
Dec. 24, 1946. R. TAGLIALATELA 2,413,008 y FRAGMENTATION BOMB Filed May 2o, 1944 // /3 /2 /,I., / 35 / _2 ‘ ~ 3 ävWc/wtom Hubert Taglìalatsla 33M ¿ÄMVWMMÁW Patented Dec. 24, 1946 2,413,008 FRAGIVENTATION Boll/m Robert Taglialatela, Brooklyn, N. Y. Application May 20, 1944, Serial No. 536,587 n 6 Claims. (Cl. IGZ-_2) (Granted under the act of March 3, 1883, as amended April 30, 1928; .370 0.v G. 757) l The invention described herein may be manu factured and used by or for the Government for governmental purposes, without the payment to me of any royalty thereon. This invention relates to aerial bombs, more particularly, of the type provided with a time fuze set to explode the Ibomb at a predetermined height above ground and cause the scattering of the bomb fragmentations over a considerable target area. The object of the invention is to provide a bomb of the character indicated which in exploding will cause the shrapnel to burst downwardly instead of laterally or outwardly, so that the shrapnel is sprayed in an umbrella pat tern. For the attainment of this and such other objects of invention as may appear 0r be pointed out herein I have shown an embodiment of my invention in the accompanying drawing, wherein: Figure 1 is a sectional elevation through the improved bomb of this invention; Figure 2 is a Cross-section taken on the line 2--2 of Fig. 1; ` , Figure 3 is an isometric view of an anvil com ponent; and Figure 4 is an isometric View of a ring com ponent. The improved aerial bomb of this invention comprises a forward nose member l and a rear >2 inner tube I5 are a plurality of pieces which I have termed “anvils” and which are designated generally as 2l). Anvils 2i), which may be cold rolled steel stampings or steel or iron castings, are annular or ring~shaped as best shown in the detail thereof in Fig. 3, defining a central hole 25 somewhat larger in diameter than inner tube l5 so that the anvils may be slipped over the inner tube. The top and bottom surface of the anvil are inclined downwardly, with the inclined top surface 2i parallel to the inclined bottom sur face 22, Fig. 3, so that the anvils may be stacked one above the other as shown in Fig. 1. Cut in the bottom inclined surface 22 of the anvil are a plurality of radial channels 26 spaced at equal distances from each other around the circumfer ence of the anvil. Channels 26 are also down wardly inclined and parallel to top and bottom inclined surfaces 2i and 22 of the anvil. A lock 20 ring i8, Fig. 1, may be placed above the top anvil 2l) and fitted tightly around the inner tube l5 to hold the stack of anvils in place. Surrounding the stack of anvils is the outer tube 5. Encircling outer tube 5 and also stacked like the anvils 20, are a plurality of pieces which I have termed “rings” and which are designated generally as 30 and which, as best shown in the detail thereof in Fig, `4, are annular or ring tail member ID. Nose member l has a central shaped similar to the anvils 2li. The rings 30 opening in which is secured a time fuze 9 and a 30 are larger than the anvils all as they are required booster 8 which extends into the inner chamber to be stacked in encircling relation to the anvils. 'l of the bomb containing the explosive charge. The central hole 35 of the ring is somewhat larger Nose member l has a hollow interior deñning an in diameter than outer tube 5 so that the rings outer wall 2. Within the hollow interior the may be slipped over the outer tube. 'Similarly nose member is provided with an annular rib ¿l to the anvils, the top and bottom surfaces of the which is separated from the outer wall 2 by an anvil are inclined downwardly, with the inclined annular groove 3. The tail member l0, to which top surface 3l parallel to the inclined bottom is attached the stabilizing fins Il, likewise has a surface 32, Fig. 4, so that the rings may be stacked hollow interior defining an outer wall i2. Both one above the other, as shown in Fig. 1. The the outer wall 2 of the nose member í and the 40 inclination of the top_and bottom surfaces, 3| outer wall l2 of the tail member IG are internally and 32, of the rings 30 is greater, see Fig. 1, than threaded to receive the threaded ends of a long the inclination of the top and bottom surfaces, tube 5, The end of tube 5 that is screwed to 2l and 22, of the anvils 2B. Preferably, alternate nose member l is received in the annular groove ones of the rings 30 are made of cast iron and 3 between outer wall 2 and annular rib il. The of steel. _ . annular rib li is likewise internally threaded; the The outer wall 2 of the nose member l is threaded end of an inner tube l5 is screwed into beveled at the same inclination as that of the top annular rib 4. The other end of inner tube I5 is and bottom surfaces of rings 30 so that the low closed by being drawn to a frusto-conical forma est ring may be nested thereon, as clearly seen tion IB. From the top of the frusto-conicaI‘clo in Fig. 1. The outer wall -IZ of the tail member sure IS projects a pin Il which is received in a le is likewise beveled at the same inclination so centrally located counterbore i3 lprovided in the that tail member l0 may be nested on the top tail member l0. ì most ring, as in Fig. 1. The tail member I0 is The inner tube I5 defines the central chamber the last component of the assembly, and by screw 1 containing the explosive charge. Encircling 55. ing iton the upper threadedl end oi outer ring 5, 2,413,008 3 the nested stack of rings 30 are locked together. The outer tube 5 is provided with a plurality of long slots 6 extending substantially the length of the stack of anvils and rings, see Fig. 1. The number of slots 6 is equal to the number of chan nels 2G of the anvil and are equally spaced cir cumferentially to align with the'channels 26, as best seen in Fig. 2. When the explosive charge l is set off, instantly shattering the relatively thin and weak inner tube I5, the blast of the explosive is conducted through the plurality of downwardly-directed channels 2B of the plurality of anvils 2Q, clearing through the long slots 5 of outer tube 5. The> multiplicity of blasts shot through the many 4 the threaded end of the outer tube to lock the parts together. 2. An aerial bomb comprising, in combination, a nose member, a tail member, an inner tube held between the said nose and tail members, explosive charge filling the said inner tube, a plurality of ring-shaped anvils having a central opening ada-pted to slip over the said inner tube, the top and bottom surfaces of the anvils being inclined downwardly in parallel relation, the said anvils having a plurality of spaced radial channels in~ clined downwardly in parallel with the said top and bottom surfaces of the anvils, the plurality of anvils being stacked in ringed relation to the said inner tube with the parallel inclined top and bot tom surfaces of the anvils in nested relation, an channels of the anvils strike the inside circum outer tube> held between the said nose and tail ferential wall of the plurality of rings 3E! in a members in surrounding relation to the said downward direction and cause the shattered stacked anvils and provided with parallel slots fragments of _the rings t0 assume a downwardly spreading course rather than an outwardly lat 20 extending substantially the full length of said outer tube and registering with the radial chan eral one. The outer circumferential wall of the nels in the anvils, a plurality of annular rings hav ring has equallyespaced fragmentation indenta ing a central opening adapted to slip over the tions 33 which tend to cause more uniform and outer tube, the top and bottom surfaces of the greater fragmentation. The downward disper~ rings being inclined downwardly in parallel rela sion of the shrapnel in an umbrella pattern is tion, the plurality of rines being stacked in ringed further assisted by the increased downward in relation to the said outer tube with the parallel clination of the top and lower surface 3l and 32 inclined top and bottom surfaces of the rings in of the rings, and by the alternate arrangement nested relation, the outer wall of the nose member of steel and cast iron rings. 30 having a beveled edge upon which the lowermosty I claim: ring of the said stack of rings rests in nested rela l. An aerial bomb comprising, in combination, tion, and the outer wall of the tail member having a nose member having an internally threaded a beveled edge adapted to rest on the top~most outer wall and provided with a centrally located ring of the said stack of rings in nested relation, annular rib having internal threads, a tail mem ber having an internally threaded outer Wall and ‘- whereby the said nose member, rings, and tail provided with a central counterbore, an inner tube externally threaded at one end for screwing into the said annular rib of the nose member and closed at the other end and provided with .a pin projecting from the said closed end and re ceivable in the said central counterbore of the member present a solid outer bomb wall. 3. An aerial bomb comprising, in combination, a nose member, a tail member, an inner tube held between the said nose and tail members, explosive charge filling the said inner tube, a plurality of ring-shaped anvils having a central opening adapted to slip over the said inner tube, the top tail member, explosive charge filling the said in and bottom surfaces of the anvils being inclined ner tube, a plurality of ring-shaped anvils hav downwardly in parallel relation, the said anvils ing a central opening adapted to slip over the said inner tube, the vtop and bottom surfaces of ‘ ' having a plurality of spaced radial channels in clined downwardly in parallel with the said top the anvils being inclined downwardly in parallel and bottom surfaces of the anvils, the plurality of relation, the said anvils _having a plurality of anvils being stackedv in ringed relation to the said spaced radial channels inclined downwardly in inner tube with the parallel inclined top and bot parallel with the said top and bottom surfaces tom surfaces of the anvils in nested relation, an of the anvils, the plurality of anvils being stacked outer tube held- between the said nose and tail in ringed relation to the said inner tube with members in surrounding relation to the said the parallel inclined top and bottom surfaces of stacked anvils and having parallel slots` extending the anvils in nested relation, an outer tube. hav substantially thev full length of said outer tube ing externally threaded ends in surrounding re, and registering with the radial channels in the lation to the said stacked anvils with one of anvils, a plurality of annular rings having a cen its threaded ends screwed in the said internally tral opening adapted to slip over the said outer threaded outer wall of the nose member, a plu tube, the top and bottom surfaces of the rings rality of annular rings having a central opening being inclined downwardly in parallel relation, adapted to slip over the said outer tube, the top the plurality of rings being stacked in ringed rela and bottom surfaces of the rings being inclined tion to the said outer tube with the parallel in downwardly in parallel relation, the plurality of clined top and bottom surfaces of the rings in rings being stacked in ringed relation «to the said nested relation. outer tube with the parallel inclined top and bot 4i. .An aerial bomb comprising, in combination, tom surfaces of the rings in nested relation, the 613 an inner stack of ring-shaped anvils and a stack said outer wall of the nose memberhaving a bev of annular rings surrounding the said anvils, the eled edge upon which the lowermost ring of the top and bottom surfaces of the said anvils being said stack of rings rests in nested relation, and inclined downwardly in parallel relation, the top the said outer wall of the tail member having a and «bottom surfaces of said rings being also in beveled edge adapted to rest on the topmost ring clined downwardly in parallel relation, but at a of the said stack of rings in nested relation, sharper angle than the surfaces of the anvils and the said inner anvils having a plurality of spaced whereby the said nose member, rings, and tail radial channels inclined downwardly inr parallel member present a solid outer bomb wall, the tail member turning freely on the said pin of the with the said top and bottom surfaces ofthe inner tube as the said tail member screws into anvils. 2,413,008 5. An aerial bomb having a solid tail portion and a solid nose portion, a tube connecting said portions and provided with numerous axial par allel slots extending substantially the full length of the tube, an ímperiorate tube within and spaced from said slotted tube and spanning the distance 6 ner explosive charge containing tube centrally located with relation to said portions, threaded into the nose and engaging the tail portion, an outer tube surrounding the charge containing the tube and spaced therefrom and threaded into both of said solid portions whereby said portions are connected, said outer tube being provided with between said solid portions of the bomb and con taining an explosive charge, a fuse in the nose numerous parallel slots extending for substan- ' portion and having a booster extending into the tially the full length of the tube, numerous ring» lower end of said charge, numerous ring-shaped 10 shaped anvils surrounding the inner tube and anvils having top and bottom surfaces inclining downwardly and outwardly, said anvils having parallel radially arranged channels in registry ñlling the space between the said tubes and in with the slots in the slotted tube and surrounding nested relation therein, said anvils being provided the imperforate charge containing tube and in nested relation to each other and filling the space between said tubes, numerous rings in nested rela tion surrounding the slotted tube, said rings hav ing top and bottom parallel surfaces extending having top and bottom surfaces extending down wardly and outwardly in parallel relation and with radial channels registering with the slots in the outer tube, numerous rings surrounding the outer tube and having top and bottom surfaces inclined downwardly and outwardly in parallel » relation and at a steeper angle than the surfaces downwardly and outwardly and at a steeper angle of the anvils, the rings being arranged in nested than the surfaces or" the anvils, and means for relation and filling the space between the tail and clamping the anvils and rings between the solid nose portions of the bomb, and a time fuse in the portions of the bomb. nose portion arranged to ignite the charge in the 6. An aerial bomb comprising a solid nose por inner tube at the lower end of said tube. tion and a solid tail portion, an imperforate in 25 ROBERT TAGLIALATELA.