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Патент USA US2413053

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' Dec. 24, 1946.
J_ KOLARIK
‘ 72,413,053
TRACTION SPLINT
Filed Dec. 15, 1944
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32
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2 Sheets-Sheet 1
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e/bl-IN K01. A R [K
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INVENTOR.
BY
%
Dec. 24, 1946.
J, KOLARIK
‘
2,413,053
TRACTION SPLINT
Filed Dec. 15, 1944
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Jomv KOLAR/K
INVENTOR.
A TfOH/VEY
Patented Dec. 24, 1946
2,413,053
UNITED. STATES PATENT- oFFl-cE;
2,413,053
TRACTION SPLINT
John Kolarik, Brooklyn, N. Y,
Application December 15, 1944, Serial No. 568,268..
3 Claims. (Cl. 128—84)
.
My invention relates to traction splints andhas
particular reference to splints, for bracing broken
bones in a patient’s leg.
2/
Fig. 10is a fractional detail view of thelowel'v
end of the splint;
‘
Fig. 11 is an end view of the lower end‘ofbthe;
'
splints;
For healing broken boneslof the leg, such as
tibia, metal pins are usually inserted _'above and
below the broken portions of the bone, the ends
Fig. 12 is a fractional detail view of} parts of '
the splint shown in Fig.9.
My traction splint comprises side braces I
of the pins being heldiin metal splints thereby
having enlarged portions:.2 at the top-'towhich
?rmly holding the broken part of the bone to
upper braces 3 are pivotally connectedaté; The
gether until healed.
My invehtionhas for its object to provide a 10 pivot 4 is offset relative to; the upper. brace as
shown, and the enlarged portion ZisrecessedatS,
metal splint which canbe usedfor supporting
allowing the two pairsv of braces to assume. an
the pins in the broken portions of the leg bone in
angular position asshown', with the apexgof the
a fixed position until the bones are healed,al
angle extending to the rear, therebylocking the
lowing at the same time the patient to walk with
out any danger of disturbing the proper, relative 15 pivoted connection by the weight of "the body.
Springs 1, 8 are connected to the lower, braces
position of the bones.
by bolts ,9, H1 and to the upper braceby a. bolt H,
Another object of‘ my invention is to provide
The upper braces are provided-with adjustable-leg
a splint in which the pins for the two broken
bands l2, [3 of a suitable construction. The
lower braces are hollow for telescopic extensions
l5, held in their positions by tightening. screws
[5. Notches or corrugations I‘! are provided-on
the extensions for the ends of the screws 16', to
portions of a bone are held in adjustably joined
parts of the splint in such a manner that-the bones
can be pulled apart, allowing a “traction” between
the portions of the broken bone, for placing the
broken ‘ends in a correct relative position, and
?rmly securing the parts of thesplinttogether
prevent slippage.
25
It should be noted that the general»co_nstru<_:_~
when the bones are correctly set.
tion of the braces is the same asdisclosedin my
Another object of my invention is to provide
copending patent application, Serial-No; 536,036;
means to adjust therelative angular position of
?led May 18, 1944.
the foot relative to the position of the tibia or
The lower braces support metal bands}, It,
other bones of the leg and to.hold. thefootin
the adjusted position until the bones are healed. 30 curved to lit the patient’s leg and provided with
several holes IQ for a traction pin 2i], which passes
Another object of my invention is to; provide
through a corresponding hole in the, patient’s leg
a splint which can be ?rmly secured to apatient’s
bone or tibia. The bands l8 arefastened to, the
leg in several places and which can. be adjusted
braces by clips 2| with looking screws 22.
for the legs of different sizes.
.
The lower ends of the extension rods ‘la-have
Still another object of my invention is to pro 35
holes for the ends of a rod 25 which are threaded
vide a splint which can be used: for setting. the
for locking nuts 26. A sleeve ~21~~is rotatively
broken leg bones and‘, when the bones are healed,
supported on the rod 25 andare secured to a-lower
as a splint for supporting the leg until its nor
adjusting plate ordisc 28<supporting an upper
mal functions are restored.
My invention is more fully described in. the 40 adjusting plate or discv 29. ' The plates-are shown
in detail in Figs. 5 and 6. The plate‘ 28_ is pro-,
accompanying speci?cation and drawings in
vided with slots 30 for screws 31. andv the upper.
which:
Fig. 1 is a side view of my traction splints;
Fig. 2 is a front view of the same;
Fig. 3 is an enlarged detail view of the} lower
plate 29 is provided with threadedholestiilfoit
these screws so that the upper' plate can. be
45 secured to the lower plate in di-?erent relative
angular positions. The upper plate has a semi~,
circular rib 35 with a hole 36for a-bolt 31 having
a wing nut 38. The bolt 31 supportslegsrlle-r-of
portion of the splint, showing the foot supporting
parts;
Fig. 4 is a detail plan view of a foot plate;
adjustable side bands 4|.» Thebands are pro*
Figs. 5 and 6 are twoviews of a lower adjusting 50 vided with holes 42 forlower traction pins 53
connecting part;
which are inserted into the correspondingholes
in the lower portion of the patientis legbone or
Figs. '7 and 8 are two views of an .upperzadjusi
ing. connecting part;
tibia. The bo1t3‘l also supports ‘a tongue is,
Fig. 9' is a perspective view. of the‘, splintused
for setting the thigh structure;
extending from afoot plate 45.
55.
v
The brace. is used for-.pronerlvl setting...br0ken
2,413,053
3
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leg bones. For this purpose, traction pins 20, 43
examples, it will be understood by those skilled
are inserted into the bones above and below the
in the art after understanding the invention, that
various changes and further modi?cations may
be made without departing from the spirit and
scope of the invention, and it is intended there
point of fracture, the ends of the pins being held
in the bands l8 and 4|.
The screws 22 are fastened ?rmly and the pa
tient’s foot with the foot plate 45 is pulled out
the bone. After joining the ends of the bones,
fore, in the appended claims to cover all such
changes and modi?cations.
What is claimed as new and desired to be se
the bottom extension I 5 is then fastened securely
cured by Letters Patent is:
wards for bringing together the broken ends of
1. A traction splint comprising a pair of upper
with screw I6. The bolts 3| are loosened for 10
turning the patient’s foot in a proper position in
braces; means to removably attach the braces to
a patient’s thigh; a pair of tubular lower braces
a horizontal plane, and are tightened when the ’
proper position of the foot is obtained. The
pivotally connected to the lower ends of the up
winged nut 38 is then loosened for turning the
per braces; metal bands slidably supported on the
leg with the bands 41 into a proper position in a
lower braces; means to detachably fasten the
vertical plane, and is tightened when the leg is
bands to the braces, the bands being provided
in the proper position. The brace is then worn
with holes for a traction pin; extensions telescop
by the patient until the bones are properly healed.
ically ?tted in the lower braces; means to lock
When the bones are healed, the traction pins
the extensions in the lower braces; a rod trans
20 and 43 are extracted, and the side braces M 20 versely supported at the lower ends of the ex
with their supporting parts removed and replaced
tensions; a lower plate rotatively supported on
with an ordinary attachment for supporting the
the rod; an upper plate adjustably supported on
patient’s foot as disclosed in my aforementioned
the lower plate; a foot plate adjustably supported
copending application. The brace can be then
on the upper plate; and side bands adjustably
worn by the patient until the full use of the leg 25 supported on the upper plate in a plane at a ?xed
is restored.
angle to the plane of the foot plate and provided
My traction splint can be also used for set
with a plurality of holes for a second traction
ting broken femur bones. Such an arrangement
pin, the side bands being arranged to be held
is shown in Fig. 9. The springs ‘l, 8 are removed
at the sides of the patient’s legs the position of
for this purpose, and links 50 are attached at their 30 the foot plate being adjustable simultaneously
ends to the upper end lower braces by the screws
with the position of the second traction pin by
or bolts I0 and I I. The links 56 are provided with
adjusting the telescopic extensions.
several holes 5| for the screws so that the two
2. A traction splint comprising a pair of upper
pairs of braces or splints can be joined together at
braces ;.means to removably attach the braces to a
a desired angle for holding the patient’s leg rigid
patient’s thigh; a pair of tubular lower braces
and bent at the knee. The screws l I are also used
pivotally connected to the lower ends of the
for attaching ?are-out ends 49 of tubular mem
upper braces; metal bands slidably supported on
bers 52. Extension rods 53 are slidably ?tted in
the lower braces; means to detachably fasten the
the open ends of the tubular members 52 and are
bands to the braces, the bands being provided
threaded for wing nuts 54. The end portions 55 of
with several holes for a traction pin; extensions
the rods 53 are bent at right angles towards each
telescopically ?tted in the lower braces; means to
other and are placed in a sleeve 56. The sleeve
lock the extensions in the lower braces; a rod
56 has a slot 51 for screws 58 which hold the
transversely supported at the lower ends of the
end portions 55 in an adjusted position, to suit
extensions; a lower plate rotatively supported
different sizes of patient’s legs. The sleeve 56
on the rod; an upper plate adjustably supported
on the lower plate; a rib vertically extending from
carries a plate 59 with a hole for a screw 60 which
the upper plate and having a hole for a bolt;
secures the ends of a link 6|, having a number of
side bands having angular lower extensions with
holes 62 for screws 63 with which it is attached to
holes for the bolt; a foot plate; a tongue extend
a second link 64, the end of the second link be
ing attached by a screw 65 to the joined ends of
ing from the foot plate with a hole for the bolt;
side bands 4|’, similar to the bands M of Fig. 1,
a nut on the bolt for tightening the bands and
the bands having holes for the traction pin 43
the'tongue in adjusted positions, the side bands
which is inserted in the lower portion of the
having holes for a second traction pin the posi
tion of the foot plate being adjustable simulta
patient’s fractured femur. The links BI, 62 are
adjusted for the required length, and the ?nal
neously with the position of the second traction
tension or traction is given to the broken bone
pin by adjusting the telescopic extensions.
by tightening wing nuts 54. The rods 53 are
3. A traction splint comprising a pair of upper
?attened at one side as shown in Fig. 12 and
braces; means to removably attach the braces to
are provided with marks 66 indicating the tena patient’s thigh; a pair of tubular lower braces
sion in pounds as has been found experimentally 60 pivotally connected to the lower ends of the up
for stretching the broken portion of a human leg.
per braces; metal bands slidably supported on
After the bones have been properly set, the pa
the lower braces; means to detachably fasten the
tient is left with the splint in a tightened posi
bands to the braces, the bands being provided
tion until the bones are healed. With my splint
with several holes for a traction pin; extensions
it is not necessary to use other means to support 65 telescopically ?tted in the lower braces; means to
or stretch the leg with reference to weights and
lock the extensions in the lower braces; a rod.
pulleys and the patient can move around or walk
transversely supported at the lower ends of the
with crutches without disturbing the relative posi
extensions; a lower plate, a tubular member at
tions of the broken bones.
tached to the lower side of the lower plate and
It will be understood that various features and 70 rotatively mounted on the rod, the lower plate
principles of each of the embodiments of the in
having holes for bolts; an upper plate supported
vention above described or referred to may be uti
on the lower plate and having arcuate slots for
lized or substituted in the other embodiments.
the bolts; means to tighten the plates together by
While the invention has been described in de
tightening the bolts; a rib extending in'a substan
tall with respect to certain particular preferred 75 tially vertical ‘direction from the upper plate in
2,413,053
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a plane of the two side bands and having a hole;
a bolt in the hole in the rib; side bands having
angular extensions at the lower ends with holes
for the rib bolt, the side bands having holes for
ening the bolt thereby locking together the side
bands and the tongue of the foot plate the posi
tion of the foot plate being adjustable simul
taneously with the position of the second trac
a second traction pin; a foot plate; a tongue ex- 5 tion pin by adjusting the telescopic extensions.
tending downwards from the foot plate and hav
ing ahole for the rib bolt; and a nut for tightJOHN KOLARIK.
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