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“
- 29, 1945-
R. E. HINES
COLLET
2,410,344
CHUCK
I
Filed Aug. 7, i944
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v2 Sheets-Sheet 1
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31/ >72: 6@%%¢W
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2,4103
Patented Oct. 29, 1946
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,410,344
COLLET CHUCK
Rufus E. Hines, Chicago, Ill. .
Application August 7, 1944, Serial No. 548,325
2 Claims. (Cl. 2y'79——50)
1
The present invention relates to collet chucks,
and is particularly concerned with the provision
of improved collet chucks for use with lathes or
milling machines in production work. The pres
ent collet chuck is an improvement of the collet
chuck shown in my prior application, Ser. No.
495,683, ?led July 22, 1943, which has issued as
U. S. Patent No. 2,364,212, on December 5, 1944.
The present invention relates to collet chucks,
and is particularly concerned with the provision
of an improved collet chuck which is adapted to
secure or to release the work piece while the
chuck of the lathe or milling machine is‘ still
rotating, so that it is not necessary to stop the
2
I
size and shape and identically and symmetrically
placed on the supporting body; and it is another
object of the invention to provide an improved
structure by means of which such extreme accu
racy in the location and construction of the
?ngers and cam are not necessary, so thattthe
chucks may be constructed with greater economy
and equal accuracy in the ?nal support of ‘the
work in production.
>
In addition to these objects, the objects of the
present invention are substantially the same as
those of my prior application, above mentioned.
Other objects and advantages of the invention
will be apparent from the following description
machine when it is desired to remove one work 15 and the accompanying drawings, in which simi
lar characters of reference indicate similar parts
piece from the chuck and to place another in the
throughout the several views.
chuck.
Referring to the two sheets of drawings accom
It is well known that in production work the
panying‘ this speci?cation,
'
time consumed in stopping, decelerating, start
ing, and accelerating the machine is an important 20 Fig. l is a side elevational view, in partial sec
tion, of a collet chuck embodying the invention,
factor in thecost of the products made. In a
machine operation requiring one or one and a half
minutes, as much as one half minute may be
consumed when the work is ?nished, in bringing
and mounted upon vthe spindle of a‘ lathe;
Fig. 2 is a full size and elevational view of the
chuck, with itsactuating mechanism for securing
the chuck to a stop so that the article may be 25 and‘releasing the work piece, the actuating'mech
anism being mounted .on the bedof the lathe; '
removed from the chuck and another work piece
Fig. 3 is an exploded view in sideelevation and
inserted in the chuck, and in bringing the chuck
partial section, showing the parts of the chuck in
up toworking speed again. The time so wasted
the order of‘their assembly;
is proportionally larger in operations which re
quire only a short period of machining than it is 30 Fig. 4 is a full size vertical sectional view of the
chuck, taken on a plane passing through the axis
where the machining operations take a longer
of the spindle of the lathe.
period of time.
v
Referring to the drawings, it] indicates in its
One of the objects of the present invention is
entirety my improved collet chuck, which is
the provision of an improved collet chuck of the
type disclosed in my said prior application, in 35 shown in connection with the spindle nose of a
lathe. The collet chuck i0 is provided, with a
which the structures of the actuating member and
metal body i2, having an accurately?mechined,
the cam which it supports are so arranged that
round, and polished outer cylindrical surface I3. '
the force which is applied to the closing member
The metal body 12 is preferably carried by a
is equally distributed and applied in an axial di
supporting collar 14, which may beprovided with
rection at three equally spaced points so that
a cylindrical bore i6, adapted to receive with: a
there is no tendency of these forces to tilt or cook
tightly pressed frictional ?t the reducedcylin
the closing member in any action diverging from
the axial direction.
I
drical portion I‘! of the-body l2.
,
This reduced cylindrical portionv i1 is separated
According to the present invention, this is ac
complished by a separate camming member, 45 from the cylindrical surface l3, by an annular
which is mounted in a ?oating relation with re
shoulder l8; and in some embodiments of the
spect to the actuating ?ngers and the actuating
invention the body 12 and the supporting member
member so that this cam may ?nd its own posi—
14 may be one integral member.
tion in which all of the three ?ngers are equally
tensioned and simultaneously actuated to bear
the load equally when the collet is closed.
In order to secure such an equal bearing of
the load in the collet shown in my prior appli
cation very accurate machine work is necessary,
and each of the three ?ngers must be identical in 55
‘
’
'
The reduced cylindrical portion I‘! is pressed
into the bore l6 until the annular shoulder 18 en
gages the plane end I9 of supporting member 14.
The supporting member 14 is provided with
the outer threaded surface I5 and with a radially
extending attaching ?ange 20 having an outer
cylindrical surface 2| and a plane annular face
2,410,344
4
3
22. The attaching ?ange 20 preferably has a
plurality of regularly spaced bolt apertures for
receiving the bolts 24, and the ?ange has an
equal number of counterbores 25 for receiving
the heads 26 of the bolts 24.
tered position, and a high degree of accuracy is
attained by this chuck, as evidenced by measure
ment of the concentricity a short distance out
from the place where the chuck grips the work.
If the work piece happens to be slightly big
The supporting member l4 also has a counter
ger than the bore 49 in the collet, such as a few
bore 21 for receiving the reduced cylindrical end
thousandths, then obviously the two cylindrical
portion of a threaded collar 28, and a second
surfaces of the collet and the bar will not fit
counterbore 29 may be provided in the attaching
perfectly, but the collet iwillgrip the work at
?ange 20 for receiving the cylindrical portion 35 10 each of its- legs, the contact being at the edges
of each slot 53 in the collet, effecting a grip of
on the collar 28. The cylindrical surfaces 29 and
30 on the supporting member I4 and threaded Y the work by means of six lines of contact. If
collar 28 serve to assure the concentricity-of-the 5 .the. stock happens to be smaller in diameter than
chuck body with the threaded collar 23; ' The’
bolts 24 pass through the ?ange 2n and are‘thre'ad
ed into the bores 3| in the collar 28. .
‘ the‘ bore 49 of the collet, such as a thousandth,
‘then obviously the cylindrical surface of the bar
will not ?t the cylindrical bore 49 in the collet
There is preferably a clearance between’ the I‘ because the bar is smaller; but there will be a
annular surfaces at the points 32, 33 so that the
line ‘of contact between the bar and the collet
plane surface 22 of the attaching flange 29 may
midway between the slots of the collet, effecting
engage the collar 28 without interference at the 20 a grip by three lines of contact. )
7
points 32, 33.-
v
.
The collar 28 is adapted to. engage the dose
One‘ ofthe most important advantages of the
presentchuck is that it can be used to grip a
.34 of a lathe spindle which is provided with
work piece, however short, and stock can be used
up, down to the veryv last end of the ‘car, since
threads at 35 for engaging the complementary
threads 36 in the. collar 28, ‘and the nose 34 25 the gripping takes place along the bore 49 at the
and collar 28 are also provided with'the closely
end of the collet wherework is beingdone.
?tting cylindrical surfaces at 31 and the engag
In addition to the parts already described, the
collet 43 also has areduced cylindrical surface
ing plane surfaces at 38 to assure the ?rmi and
at its middle portion__5?, and it preferably has a
concentric support of the chuck body 42 ‘en's-the
.nose of the lathe spindla.
larger head 5|. The head 5i'has a frusto-conical
- The parts 12, I4, and-'28 are actually fitted and
camming surface 52, and the end of the collet,
secured together before the grinding of the sur
which carries the headgthat is, the receiving end
of the collet, has a plurality of equally spaced,
.chuck, so as to assure concentricity of all of the
axial slots 53, which extend not only through the
surfaces of the chuck which should be so.
35 head 5i, but backwardlyinto the body of the col
The chuck body 12 is provided with an accurate
let through the middle portion 50 of the ‘collet,
ly ground cylindrical bore 39 terminating in an
stopping short of the cylindrical portion ill of
abrupt annular shoulder 40, for engaging com
the collet.
A
'
.
plementary cylindrical surface 4| and plane end
These slots 53 separate the receiving end of the
collet ‘43 into three work gripping portions or jaws
surfacev42, respectively, onthe collet 43, Body‘
I54, and the length of the slots 53 ‘is such that the
12 also has a through counterbore .44 for. pass
ingthe work piece, and bore 44 maybe larger
jaws 54 have a high degree of ?exibility. Thus it
faces 31, i3, ‘and other concentric surfaces of the
thanthe bore 49 .in' the collet 43 so, thatanum
requires only a very small axial force to cause the
,ber of similar collets of different bore’ sizes 44
jaws to grip'the work,
may be used in the same chuck. > 7
~ ,The body l2preferably~hasa clearance groove
“.45 adjacent the annularshoulder 43 'andan en
larged ‘counter bore .4‘!- ‘surrounding the expand
_.ing~portions 48 of the collet 43 soas to provide
room.-forexpansion of the collet 43.
The collet -
'
'
The closing member of the chuckl-is'indicated
by the numeral 55, and it comprises a sleeve-like
‘metal member having an accurately ground cy
lindrical‘bore 56‘ for engaging the cylindrical sur
face l3 on the vbody l2, with which the closing
member telescopes. i At its forward end, that is,
.ished metal member having an axial through
‘the right end in Fig. 4, the ‘closing member 55 has
a radially and inwardly extendingbody, which is
bore 149,. which has a'close butrsliding ?t with a
4 provided with a through bore 51, having a frusto
43 comprises an accurately machined and pol
work .piece- of predetermined cylindrical shape
and size; . I,- I
Like the collet in my“ prior application, above
mentioned, the collet 43 herein is intended to grip
conical surface for engaging the complementary
frusto-conical surface 52 at the head 5! of the
collet of the chuck;
'
'
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‘At its inner or opposite end the ‘closing mem
the Work or stock only‘at theright end of the
ber 55 has a radially ‘and outwardly extending
gcollet vin Fig.7 4, over a predetermined length
‘annular ?ange 58, having an annular thrust sur
face 5!). Flange 58 is small enough to be received
'in the bore 69 of the supporting cage SI for the
actuating ?ngers 52. The action of the closing
der '49a,'indicating thebeginning of a clearance.
member is that as it slides inward, that is, toward
There is a clearance 4% extending from 4911 to
the ‘left in ‘Fig. 4, conical surface 5'! cams the
the seatedend of the collet and a greater clear
ancefin the body 12 at the bore 44.. Such col 65 conical surface 52 on‘ the ‘collet 43, and causes the
jaws 54 to contract and ‘grip a work piece 63.
lets . are. provided inv the proper size for round
vThe accurately frusto-conical surfaces 52, 51
bars that are used in them',and the clearance
'(with respect to the axis of the chuck and spin
is necessary because suchv bars may vary a few
dle) align and support the receiving end of the
thouseindths in production in their diameters. .
It will be evident that if the bar is exactly 70 vcollet ‘43 in proper, axial position.
The cage member 6! comprises a substantially
the same size as the collet, its cylindrical sur
‘of the bore 49, which isindicated by.‘ thedistance
between theright end of thecollet and theshoul
face _would.?t' ‘within the curvature. of the cy
whndric'al gripping surfaces of the bore 49 on the
collet. The length of these gripping surfaces is
sufficient to hold the work ?rmly in axially cen
cylindrical metal member havingan internally
'threaded'portion 64 for engaging the threads l5
QnLthe supporting member M of the body 12.
~By means of threads 15,64 the cage member 6|
2,410,344
5
6
may have its axial position adjusted as desired for
the purpose of adjusting the gripping tension at
jaws v54 and of the ?ngers 62, as will be further
described.
Cage member 6| preferably has a threaded
radial bore 65 for receiving the slotted set screw
'66, which engages member I4 to clamp the cage
in any desired rotative and axial position on the
.
‘The cage member BI is provided with a plural
ity, ‘preferably three in number,'equally spaced,
axially extending slots in that end of the cage
member whichis toward the receiving end of
the chuck, that is, the right end in Fig. 4. These
.slots have been indicated by numeral 51, and
each slot 91 is adapted to receive one of the piv
oted ?ngers 99 which are pivoted on the pins
69.
> The bore 90 and counter-bore 93 are adapted
to receive the. floating annular member 94, which
.
body I2, I4.
member 81 is. provided with an annular shoulder
92 and asmaller cylindrical'counter-bore 93..
servesmas a camming and retaining member and
engages the. ?ngers 68. The ?oating member 94
‘has an external cylindrical surface 95, which is
of slightlysmaller diameter than the. bore 90 and
external cylindrical surface 95, which is of slight
ly smaller diameter than the bore 93, and it is
provided, with the annular shoulder 9I that has
a sliding engagement with the annular shoul- .
der 92.
a
The actuating member 81 is also provided with
15 an annular groove I25. for receiving the split steel
ring I26 that springs into the groove I25v and
provides an annular shoulder for holding the
?oating, member 94 against the annular shoul
'
The pins 69 are mounted in the bores 19, which
der 92.
extend across the slots 61 and are located at right 20
The. split ring I26 is preferably rectangular, in
angles to the radius which extends fromv the
cross section and complementary to the rectan
axis of the chuck at the center of each slot.
gular groove I25. The end member 94 also has
Each bore 79 also communicates with a threaded
the inner frusto-conical camming surface 98,
bore 'II for receiving a socketed set screw 12,
leading to the inner wall surface 88, the latter
which clamps the pivot pin 69 in place.
25 being adapted to serve as a retaining surface for
The ?ngers 68 are identical in construction,
maintaining the pressure on the ?ngers 68.
and each ?nger comprises an elongated member,
The radially inwardly extending ?ange 86 on
preferably constructed to spring steel, provided
the end member 94: serves to close that portion
with a bearing portion ‘I3, a thrust shoulder ‘I4,
of the chuck against dust or shavings, and serves
and an elongated resilient and relatively slender 30 to- provide a stop surface to limit the axial move
arm 75, having a cam head ‘I6 at its end. The
ment of the actuating member toward the left in
bearing portion 13 is an enlargement at the piv
Fig. 4.
oted end of‘ the ?nger, having a transverse
The radial ?ange 8B- is provided with a cen
through bore ‘H of cylindrical shape for receiv
trally located cylindrical bore 86a, which also has
ing the pivot pin 69vand serving as a bearing. 35 a clearance with respect to the closing member
The thrust shoulder .14 is a radially extending
55 so that this ?ange does not interfere with the
surface or shoulder, located on the inner side of
floating movement of the member 94.
each ?nger, for engaging the thrust surface 59
The ?oating member 94 is adapted to move in
on the closing member 55. The bearing portion
its recess, sliding on the ring I29 and the an
‘I3 may have a substantially cylindrical edge sur
nularsurface 92 in such manner as is dictated
face extending from the thrust shoulder 74 and
by the force which is applied to the ring by the
is of such size as to clear the inside of the un
fingers 58‘ as the ?oating member 94 is moved
threaded portion of the bore 18 in cage GI.
backward against the ends of the fingers.
'
The arm portion 15 of each ?nger 58 is made
The- ?oating member 94 will take such a posi
slender and elongated to increase its resilient
tion that each of the three ?ngers 98 has the
qualities, but it is also relatively stiff so that the
same force applied to it, and the closing member
collet will grip the work piece ?rmly but resilient
55 is actuated axially by an equal force applied
ly. The ?ngers may be provided with a plane
to three equally spaced points on the'thrust sur- ’ .
surface ‘I9 on each side, and with a plane sur
face
The59.length of the actuating
‘i
member
1
81 is pref
face 99 on that edge which is adjacent the clos
ing member 55, which also clears the ?ngers at
erably such that it extends over the outer cylin- .
8|.
>
drical surface 2! on the supporting collar 2|] so
The cam portion ‘I5 of each ?nger 68. may com
that this end of the chuck structure is also closed
prise a small enlargement at the free end of each
against entrance of dust or shavings. The actu
?nger, having that side which is opposite to the 55 ating member 81 is also preferably provided in ‘
closing member 55 provided with a partially cylin
its outer cylindrical surface 99~with a circumfer
entially extending groove I99, which maybe‘ of
drical surface 82. The size of this cam enlarge
rectangular shape in cross section for receivin
ment ‘I9 is such that it may be received in the
the rollers l 9 5, carried by the fork I92.
‘
annular groove 83, which is de?ned by the outer
The fork £92 may take'the form of a shaft I93,
cylindrical wall 84 of the closing. member 55, 60
the inner wall 85 of ?ange 39. on an actuating
member 91, and the wall of the bore 89 in actu
ating member 81.
.
,
,
Each ?nger G8 is preferably provided vwith a
plane end surface 89, which is adapted-to serve
as a stop surface, when it engages theinner
surface 85 on ?ange 86 of the actuating mem
ber 81. All of the other parts of the‘ chuck may
be made of tool steel.
'
The actuating member 81 may comprise a sub
stantially cylindrical metal member having a
through bore 90 for slidably receiving the cage
member BI. At the receiving end of the chuck,
that is, the right end in Fig. 3, the actuating
provided at. each end with an arm I94, each arm
being pinned to the shaft I93, at I95. Each arm
may be a cast metal member, hav'ing'a hub por
tion 195 for receiving the shaft I09 and having a
bearing portion I91,» having a suitable ball or »
roller bearing (not shown) for supporting the’
roller shaft I98.
'
a
- The fork shaft M13 is rotatably mounted in the
bearings I99 provided in the upwardly extending
70 arms I 59 of a ?xture I I l, which may have itsbase
plate H2, so formed as to ?t upon the usual
guidesv provided on thebed of a lathe, where the
?xture may be seciu‘ed by means of a through‘
boltIIS.
I
.
'
Fork. shaft; I93 is also provided with. a-crank
2,41 0,3 44-.
"8
‘?xture ! l4,'_pinned to the shaft I63, and having a
bore for the cylindrical rod H5, provided with a
'the'way.in- whichlforce. is applied to the closing
'ball'll?,»and adapted to serve as an actuating
‘With the present structure it is no longer so
member 55.
Thehub Ill‘ of the left fork arm I64 may be
provided with a stop member H8 for engaging
another stop member I I9 carried by the adjacent
‘the? lever. H5, and .prevent'the lever H5 from
moving so. far that ‘the actuating member 81
might come oii the chuck; They also limit the
of. th'e?ngers and adjacent parts.
l
-'
?ngers 63, being resilient, are slightly bowed,
lever by the operator is required to open or close .15
'
.
When the ‘chuck is-closed, as shown in Fig.3 4,
range of movement of the lever H5 to a relatively
small arc so that very little movement of this
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‘a lower cost and with greater accuracy‘ in the
holding of‘ the work, without such great care
in maintaining the accuracy of size and location
upwardly extending arm 1 [Def the lathe ?xture
-l I I. ~ These stops limit theclockwise rotationof
the chuck.
.
important that each ?nger shall be identically
locatedand identical in shape and size; and
therefore the present chuck cansbe constructed at
lever 'ior'o'pening or closing the chuck.
'
“
‘
Reference has been made to the threads I5, 64
to‘ adjust‘the axial position of the cage member
Bl, the adjustment being secured against further
movement by'set screw 66. The actuating mem
ber is provided with an aperture i2!) (Fig. 4) to
and the thrust shoulder 14 on each ?nger engages
the ?ange 58 on the closing member 55 to, hold
it in position as shown.’ Closing member 55 is
in such position thatits inner frusto-conical sur
face 51 holds the jaws 54 in engagement with
the work piece and in axial position with respect
to the axis of thechuck.
,
.
‘ When it is desired to open the'chuck, it is not
necessary to stop the rotation of the chuck. .The
operator needonly throw the lever H5 toward
the right, that is, clockwise, through a small arc,
ing the actuating member 81.
and the fork arms I64, acting through the rollers
‘4 The‘threads referred to permit a very ?ne ad
justme'nt-‘of the position of the cage member 5| 25 Hi1, will move the actuating member 87 toward
the right in Fig. 4.
'
and hence ‘of the ?ngers 68; and the ?ngers 68
As this movement takes place, the ?nger hold
should preferably be so adjusted that they engage
ing surface 88 of the actuating member 81 will
the thrust surface 59 on the closing member 55,
pass off the ?ngers, and the ?ngers 68.will ride
Iadjacent the outer corner of radially extending
~?ange 58, that is, as close to pin 59 as possible. 30 outward on the camming surface 98 of the actu
ating member 81.
'
.This increases the leverage of the ?ngers 68 on
As the ?ngers 68 pivot outward, away from
the closing member 55 because it utilizes the
the closing member 55, the thrust’shouldcrs 14
shortest radius possible on the bell crank which
will move axially toward the right in Fig. 4, per
:is represented by the ‘thrust surface 14 on ?ngers
35 mitting the closing member 55 to move toward
"68‘andthe arm 15 of the ?nger 68.
the right also. The closing member 55 is urged
The operation of the chuck is as follows: All
toward the rightin Fig. 4 by the resilient jaws
of the concentric'surfaces on the parts of the
54 of the collet 43, which act on the camming
:chuck are preferably ground so far as possible
surface 52 of the closing member 55. This move
with the parts ‘assembled, so that the collet of the
."chuck' will hold the work piece 63 in accurately v4.0 ment isquite small, but his foundthat release
permit access to the set screw 56, without remov
aligned axiallyrlocated position. The chuck is
‘shown in closed position in Fig. 4. In this posi
of , the ?ngers immediately causes a release of
the workpiece in the collet.
Thus the operator need not lose the time’ inci
tion the‘?ngers have entered the groove 83 in the
dent to the stopping of the‘rotation of the chuck,
actuating member 81, and the cam‘ surfaces 82
‘are engaged by the cylindrical wall 88 of the ac 45 but he need only throw the lever H5 in a clock
atu'ating member 81.‘ 1*
e
wise direction to release the work piece .whilev the
chuck is rotating, and then the work piece may
‘ r 'In one form of the invention the surface 35 on
be removed and another inserted. Movement of
-»the member 28 is left over-size so that the cus
tomer may place this member upon his lathe
the lever H5 in ‘the opposite direction, that is,
spindle and turn it concentrically to ?t the bore
counterclockwise, causes the chuck to grip the
work piece while the chuck is still rotating, and
-293“.
-
~
'-
'
'
In "this position the‘ ?ngers 68 exert only a
the operator may then commence work on the
work piece at once.
The closing of the chuck on the work takes
exerted'by the ?ngers which would tend to open
.the- chuck; ‘Surface 88 is adapted to act as a 55 place as‘followsr' Lever “5 moves the shaft I63
radial -:force on the wall 88, and there is no force
“keeper on'the' ?ngers to hold‘ the chuck closed.
The'cam 94,‘being'mounted for ?oating move
ment; it automatically assumes a position in
which equal camming force is applied to all three
or the ?ngers 58 during the camming action. 60
'rAfter' the collet "has been closed and the ?ngers '
‘pass into the bore,88, which acts as a retaining
member‘, the ‘floating member 94 is also adapted
to exert‘ an equal holding force on all three of the
‘?ngers 68;
"
"
.
>
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>
"
'
~' ' Since it ‘has three-point contact with the ?n
and, fork llllcounterclockwise, and the rollers
ml ‘move the actuating member 81 toward the
left to the position of Fig. 4. As this movement
‘takes place, camming surface Men the actuating
member ?l'rides on the cams 82 of each ?nger,
causing all three ?ngers to pivot inward toward
the closing member 55 at their free ends.
Due to the ?oating action of the member 94,
equal force is applied to all three‘of the ?ngers
'65 {53 during this camming action.
’
This pivotal movement‘of the ?ngers continues
until the ?ngers have their cam ends in the groove
83', where the ?ngers are retained until the actu
ating member is once more moved toward the
"a'position that'is required by the reaction of the
"?ngers 68 against it_'
'
70 right from the position of Fig: 4. As the ?ngers
move pivotally inward, the thrust shoulders 14
' I have discovered that with such a ?oating cam
on the ?ngers engage the annular thrust surface
"the exact shape and ‘size of the ?ngers and the
59 ‘on the flange 580i the closing member 55,
‘exact location of their points of pivot assumes
drawing the closing membertoward the left to
less importance with respect to the accuracy of
'
I
the chuck'ibec'aus‘e these factors’nolonger‘ affect 75 the position ofli‘ig, 4'. '. l ' . '
gers, and since it is mounted for'?oating move
?-m'ent, the ?oating member 94 may assume such
2,410,344
10
The closing member exerts a contracting ac
tion on the free end of the collet, and causes
tapered peripheral surface at the other end, a
supporting body having an axial bore for receiv
ing the collet and including a shoulder for locat
ing the collet axially thereof, a collet closing
the jaws 54 of the collet to grip the work piece,
but this contracting action takes place wholly
in a radial direction, as the collet cannot move 5 member slidably mounted for axial movement on.
inward, due to its engagement at its inner end
with the abrupt shoulder 50 in the body "l2 of the
chuck.
said supporting member and having a tapered
inner end surface coacting with said tapered
The chuck is thus adapted to grip the
peripheral surface of the collet to urge the locat
work without moving the work longitudinally.
ing surface of the collet against said shoulder of
As distinguished from the prior art devices, 10 the supporting body and to effect closing action
there is no advantage, in the present device, in
keeping the collet or the closing member from
rotating with respect to the rest of the parts of
the chuck. The entire chuck is to be operated,
at least most of the time, while-rotating. There
fore, the collet and the closing member are left
free to rotate in the assembly, and this causes
the ?ngers 68 to come into engagement with
new surfaces, and prevents all the wear from tak
ing place on certain points of the closing member
at the thrust surface 59.
It will thus be observed that I have invented
an improved chuck which may be opened or closed
without stopping the rotation of the chuck. This
chuck is peculiarly adapted to be used for pro_
duction work, where a large number of work
pieces of the same size are to be placed in the
chuck successively for work of any kind.
Much time may be saved by the use of this
chuck in production work by reason of this in
herent capability of my chuck. In addition, the
chuck is capable of very accurate Work, simple
in construction and operation, and capable of
use for a long period of time without necessity
for repair or replacement of any of its parts.
While I have illustrated a preferred embodi
ment of my invention, many modi?cations may
be made without departing from the spirit of the
invention, and I do not wish to be limited to the
precise details of the construction set forth, but
desire to avail myself of all changes within the
scope of the appended claims.
*
Having thus described my invention, what I
of the collet, and said collet closing member hav
ing a thrust surface opposed to the tapered inner
and surface thereof, the combination comprising,
a plurality of axially projecting ?ngers pivotally .
15 mounted in circumferentially spaced relation
ship on the supporting body and having shoul
ders engaging said thrust surface of the collet
closing member, a chuck actuating member
mounted for axial sliding movement on the sup
20 porting body, said chuck actuating member hav
ing an integral internal radial shoulder in op
posed relationship to the collet locating shoulder
of said supporting member, and a ?oating cam
ming member of substantially less diameter than
25 the chuck actuating member adjacent said shoul
der carried by said chuck actuating member and
having an internal camming surface in position
for coaction with the ends of said projecting ?n
gers during axial movement of, the chuck actu
30
ating member to effect axial movement of the
collet closing member, said camming member be
ing axially located relative to the chuck actuat
ing member by said radial shoulder and against
35 which it is movable radially relative to the actu
ating’ member so that substantially equal force
is applied radially to each of said ?ngers, where
by to balance the forces applied to said collet
closing member.
40
2. The structure recited in claim 1, in which
said chuck actuating member also has an in
ternal annular groove spaced axially from said
radial shoulder, and a resilient split ring disposed
in said annular groove in the actuating member
45 and projecting radially inwardly to overlap said
camming member,
‘a
1. In an actuating mechanism for a collet
RUFUS'E. I-IINES.
chuck incorporating a collet provided with an
axial bore, a locating surface at one end and a
claim as new and desire to secure by Letters
Patent of the United States, is:
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