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Nov.5,1946.
‘l J, L. BREES'É f
. GENERATOR TYÈ‘E BURNER
'i Filed Aug. e, 194s'
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, 2,410,478
' Patented Nov. 5, 1946
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2,410,418 '
s’rA'rs _PATENT .Orme
s
2,410,478
GENERATOR TYPE BURNER
James L. Breese, Santa. Fe, N. Mex., asslgnor to
Oil Devices, Santa Fe, N. Mex., a limited part
nership of Illinois
Application August 6, 1943, Serial No. 497,589
l
7 Claims. v(Cl. 15S-_91)
2
My invention relates to an improvement in
burners and is shown in connection vwith burners
in the reservoir. The passage Il then curves up
of a generator type.
of the parts as shown in Figure 2, and extends
`
wardly and to the right, referring to the position
'
to or into the bottom of the p_ot 8 as at- I3.
One purpose is to provide an improved forced
draft of a generator burner.
The opposite end of the passage ß is partially
` closed by a circularilange> I4 with a. central aper-`
Another purpose is to provide a compact body
which may be employed as a blast burner or blow . ture I5. Mounted in the aperture'isa booster
motor and fan unit, including a motor base I6,
torch.
a motor-I1 thereon, a fan shaft I8, driven by
Another purpose is to provide an improved hori
zontal burner with forced draft.
10 the motor, and fan vanes I9. The motor and fan
unit may be mounted for ready removal in the
Other- purposes will appear from time to time
aperture I5 by means of any suitable system'oi’
throughout the specification and claims.
spring wires 20, inwardly notched as at 2 I-to en
My invention is illustrated more or less dia
gage the edges of the aperture I5. A coil spring
grammatically in the accompanying drawing,
wherein:
-
A
15 22 may be compressed between the abutment 28,
Figure 1 is a plan view;
Figure Z-is a vertical section;
. ñxed on the base-I6 and the abutment 2| on one
of, the springs or spring arms 20. The eiiect is'to
maintain the motor and fan unit locked in po
sition by the engagement of the notches 2l with
Flgure 3 is a section along the line 3-3 of`
Figure 2;
Figure 4 is a section along the line 4_6 of Fig 20 the edges of the aperture I5. However, the user l
can readily remove the motor and fan unit by
ure 2;
squeezing any one of the wires 20 and thus free
Figure 5 is a section similar to Figure 4, with
ing the notches 2| from the' edge of the aperture. f
parts in a different position.
Any suitable conductive connections and selected
Like parts are indicated by like characters
throughout the specification and drawing..
25 power source may be employed, the details of
which do not form part o! the present invention
Referring to the drawing, `I generally indicates
a base container, or generator container, or va
. ‘ and are therefore not disclosed.
porizing chamber, adapted to serve as a fuel-res
The combustion 'of the burner is controlled by
varying _the supply of air to the interior of the
ervoir'. Any suitable means may be employed
for admitting air thereto', for example a iìller tube 301 generator chamber I. I illustrate forexample aiixed outer tube 30 vwhich extends downwardly
îwith itsremovable cap s, as shown in Figure l'. through the _housing Il and into the interior of the
Positioned on the top of the reservoir I is an air
generator~ reservoir I.- -It is slotted as at 3l, 32
housing l shown as having a ñat bottom >5 adapt
to provide an air »inlet to the space within the
ed to be secured to the nat top of the container I.
VIt will be understood, ofcourse, that the size, 35 generator` I and above the level of the fuel there
in. v. 'I'he height of the slots is suñlcient to per
shape and -proportion of the parts may be widely
mit‘the device to work through a substantial var
varied.
1
l
_i
_
iation in the level of fuel within the member I.
Positioned in any suitable manner in one end
Air passes into the tub'e 30 through one ormore
ofthe housingl Il is aburner pot S. This pot is
shown as having an inwardly curved or tapered 40 apertures 33 in vthe portion of the tube _located
in the ulterior of the, air housing Il. The rate of
discharge portion l, the inner edge of which de
air ilow through the slots 3l and. 32 may be con
ñnes the central aperture 8. It will be observed
that the wall of the pot `8 is spaced inwardly from . trolled by a rotatable inner shutter tube 35, which
the wall of the housing 4. The pot Wallispro
is _slotted as at 36, 31. The inner tube 35 is ro-_
vided with a plurality of air inlets 9, located-at 45 tated and supported by a control rod 38 which
various distances from the bottom or inner end
ofthe pot and a terminal outer row of air inlet
apertures Iß shown. in Figure 2 have a greater
diameter and are more closely placed than the '
apertures 9. The interior of the pot 8 is put in`
communication with the interior of the reservoir
I by a-curved passage member Il, one end of
which is herein shown as of maximum diameter,
being openV to the interior of the reservoir I,
as at I2, at a level above the level of the fuel 65
is secured to the tube by any suitable cross mem
bers which are'shown as including a bottom hub
39 and radial arms 60. At the upper end of the
tube is a limiting abutment 4I which engages the>
closed top 4Z of the outer tube 30,. The member
M may be provided with a handle d3 for the ro
tation of the inner tube or shutter 35. The top
42 of the outer tube may be made removable, if
desired, so that the device may be disassembled.
Combustion may be initiated byv pouring an in
2,416,478
.
4
'
g
î
?ammable liquid down through `thexouter tube y
chamber, means for delivering vaporlzed fuel
Il. the top I2 and the inner tube structure being
previously removed. If desired, a starting cup
45 may be employed, the inflammable liquid being
poured into the cupand lighted so that it will
iiow down into the generator. chamber I, and
from the interior of the fuel vaporlzer to the in
terior of the combustion chamber, lincluding a
>tubular passage, and unitary means for deliver
initiate combustion therein.
~
*
ing air under pressure to the interior of the fuel `
vaporizer and to the interior of the combustion
»
`chamber.
l
’
‘
In the use of the device, partial combustion
2. In a generator burner, a fuel va'porizer, hav
takes place in the chamber l. Once combustion
ing an imperforate side wall and adapted to hold
has been initiated, the fuel in the chamber I is 10 a substantial volume of liquid fuel, a burner pot
vapor-ized, and the vaporlzed fuel, with the b'y
having a circumferential wall and an open end,
products .of the limited combustion which takes
said circumferential wall having a plurality of
place, flow upwardly and outwardly along the . lair inlet apertures located at various distances
passage il and into' the interior of the pot i.
from said open end, a tubular passage adapted to
There additional air is supplied to the mixture 15 deliver vaporized fuel from the interior of the
through the apertures 8 and a final air supply ' fuel vaporizer to the interior of -`the burner pot.
through the apertures l0. The air is supplied
and unitary means for _delivering air to the in
under pressure through these apertures, in re
terior of the fuel vaporizer and, through said air
sponse to the rotation of the fan vanes I9. It
inlet apertures, to the interior of the burner pot.
will be understood that, once combustion has 20 said means including an »air chamber having a
been initiated, the inner shutter tube 35 is ~put
portion surrounding said burner pot. , _
in position. Its length is preferably such as not
3. In a generator burner, a. fuel vaporizer, hav
to mask the air inlet apertures 33. Part of the
ing an imperforate side wall and adapted to hold
air delivered by the fan varies flows through the
a substantial volume of Vliquid fuel, a burner pot
apertures and down into the member- l. Part of 25 having a circumferential wall and an open end,
the air is delivered through the apertures 9 and
said circumferential wall having a plurality of
il and the fuelvaporized in the chamber` l flows
air inlet apertures located at various >distances
to the interior of the pot for conversion by the
from said open end,'a tubular passage adapted to
additional air supply to a completely combustible
gas.
' deliver vaporized fuel from the interior of the
30 fuel vaporizer to the interior of the burner pot,
and unitary means „for delivering air to the in
terior of the fuel vaporizer-and, through said
I have illustrated the device in a form practical
for use as a blow torch for delivering a hot ñame
.under pressure. to a point or area to be highly
heated. It will be understood, however, that the
air inlet apertures, to the interior of the burner -
pot, including an air chamber having a portion
parts may beso sized and proportioned -as to 35 surrounding said burner pot, and shutter means ‘
adapted to vary the rate-oi’ flow of air from said
adapt the device for a heater or` burner for use
' air chamber to the interior of said fuel vaporizer.
in furnaces, stoves and the like.
It will be observed that' I have provided a uni
.4. In a generator burner, a fuel vaporizer,
tary air suppLv system which delivers air, pref
havingan imperforate side wall and adapted to
erably under pressure, both to a burner or burner 40 hold a substantial volume of liquid fuel, a burner pot having a circumferential wall and an open
pot and to _a generator chamber in .communica
end, said circumferential wall having a plurality
tion »with the pot. ' It will also be observed that
of air inlet apertures located at various distances
the passage of air under pressure about the pot
from said open end, a tubular passage adapted to
not only supplies air necessary for ñnal and com
plete combustion of the vaporized fuel but pro 4,5 deliver vaporized fuel from the interior of the
fuel vaporizer to the interior of the burner. pot,
vides a cooling curtain between thïe burner pot
and unitary means -for delivering air to the in
and the source of fuel supply.
,
It will be 'realized that whereas I have described ‘v terior of the fuel vaporizer and, through said air
inlet apertures, to the interior of the burner pot,
and illustrated an operative device, still many
changes might be made in the size, shape, ar- ~' including an air chamber having a' portion sur
rounding said burner pot, and a fan adapted to
lrangement. proportion and disposition of the
deliver air under pressure to the interior of said
parts without departing materially from the spir
air chamber and means for actuating said' fan..
it of my invention. I wish, therefore, that my
5. In a self-contained generator burner, a fuel
showing’î be taken as in a large sense diagram
t vaporizing chamber, having an imperforate side
wall and adapted to hold a substantial body' of
I employ the term "generator” vor “generator
liquid fuel, an air chamber mounted on the top
burner”> in relation to a burner or burner cham
matic.
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'
_of said vaporizing> chamber, a burner pot having
ber in which some degree of combustion takes
place in a -fuel chamber and generates a gaseous
an >open end and a- circumferential wall with a
fuel which is burned in a separate or combus 60 plurality of air inlet apertures located at vari
tion chamber. Thus, I describe the element I as
ous distances from said open end. said burner pot
a generator container, since it contains a liquid
being partially surrounded by said air chamber. l
fuel and since it serves as a chamber in 'which f a tubular passage adapted to deliver vaporized
a gaseous fuel is generated by combustion taking
place in the generator chamber i. The chamber
65
l acts as a generator chamber. Similarly, I em
fuel from the interior of the vaporizing chamber
to the interior ofy theV burner pot, an air delivery
passage extending from the interior of the air
chamber to the interior o_f the vaporizing cham
ploy the term “air chamber” 'or “air chamber
element” of the element 4, which serves to de
ber, the »air inlet apertures of the pot being en
liver‘ air both to the generator chamber and to
closed
within said air chamber, unitary means for
the .burner chamber, asv will be clear from Fig 70.
delivering air under pressure to the interior of
ure 2.
'
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_
ì
said burner ,potthrough said air inlet apertures
I claim:
1. In a generator burner. a fuel vaporiz'er hav- '
ing au imperforate vside wall and adapted to hold
a substantial body oi liquid fuel, a combustion
u
land to the interior of said vaporizing ychamber
through said air inlet passage, including- a fan
adapted to deliver air under pressure to the in
2,410,473
terior of said air chamber and means for actuat- ~
ing said fan.
„
6. In a self-contained generator burner, aiuel
vaporizing chamber having an imperforate side
wall and adapted to hold a substantial body of
liquid fuel and adapted to serve as a base for
the burner as a whole, an air chamber mounted
» on the top of the vaporiaing chamber, a horizon-V
. tally axised burner pot having an open end and
' a circumferential wall with a plurality oi' air in
let apertures located at various distances from
said open end, said burner pct and said apertures/
being surrounded by said air chamber.. with said
open end exposed, a tubular passage adapted to
deliver vaporized fuel from the interior of the
, vaporlzing chamber to the interior of the burner
pot, an air delivery passage extending from the'
interior of the air chamber to the interior oi the
vaporizing chamber, means foradjustablycon
ytrolling the rate of new through said passage to
\the vaporizing chamber and means for deliver»v _
ins air under pressure to the interior of said air
chamber including a fan mounted on said air
chamber and means for actuating it.
'1. In a generator burner, a fuel' vaporìzer hav
ing an imperforate side wall and adapted to hold
a substantial body of liquid fuel, a combustion ,
chamber, means for delivering vaporized fuel
from the interior of the iuel vaporizer to the in
terior ofy the combustion chamber, includinga
tubular passage, and unitary means for delivering
air under pressure into the interior of the fuel
vaporiœr and to the interior of the combustion
chamber and means for varying the relative rate
of air delivery to the fuel vaporizer and to the
combustion chamber.
J
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