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Nov. 5, 1946.
> H. A; s. VAN DAALEN
> SIGNAL MEANS FOR LIFE SAVING EQUIPMENT
Filed July 18, 1942
l
2,410,535
Patented Nov. 55, 194-5
UNITE
2,410,535
ST
2,410,535
SIGNAL ,M'EAN S FOR LIFESAVING
EQUIPMENT
Henry A. S. van Daalen, New York,
Y.
Application July 18, 1942, Serial No. 451,452
1 Claim.
(C1. 240—10.68)
2
1
My present invention, in its broad vaspect, has
to do with improvements in signal lights of the
type especially adapted for use with marine life
Saving equipment, and to that end it is construct
ed to be securely but removably attached to the
person carrying the light in a manner which will
permit the light to be elevated on occasion or
waved or the like to be visible at a distance, and
Brie?y stated, some of the objects and advan
tages of my invention are as follows; ?rst, to
provide a signal light for life preservers, life
saving suits, and the like vwhich is very light in
weight, and which is substantially water, mois
ture and ?re proof, and of durable yet simple
construction; second, to provide dual means of
attachment to a life preserver, life saving suit
and the like ‘whereby the ‘light may be moved
furthermore it is designed to be waterproof and
fire proof, .to be easily and quickly operated, ‘and 10 around ‘without likelihood of becoming lost or dis
engaged, or may be moved from one piece of life
to be exceptionally sturdy and unlikely to get out
of order. Especially is my signal light designed
saving equipment to ‘another; third, (to provide
means whereby the source of illumination will
to ‘be used with life saving suits and preservers
not become deranged or broken by jars or rough
of the type worn by seamen, and to that end it
handling; fourth, to provide simple and e?lcient
is constructed to conform to standards for equip
means for turning the light on and off, and;
ment of this type set by organizations having
?fth, to provide a simple, practical, e?icient and
to do with marine equipment.
handy signal light having no parts likely to be
Among the occasions for use of my signal light
come deranged or broken, and which can be man
may be suggested circumstances surrounding
the sinkings of vessels by mines and torpedoes 20 ufactured at relatively small cost.
Other and equally important objects and ad
where seamen oftentimes must jump into the sea
vantages will become apparent from the detailed
and float around until picked up by a rescue
description, but emphasis is laid upon the fact
craft—types of life preservers and suits are pro
that interpretation of the scope of the invention
vided for seamen for use under such circum
stances and the requirements of a practical sig 25 shall only be conclusive when made in the light
of the claim.
nal light to be used are many. For instance
In the drawing wherein I have shown a pre
since ?re may also be met with in addition to
ferred form of my invention—
submersion in the sea for long lengths of time,
Figure 1 is a sectional elevation of the same;
a signal light must also be ?re proof as well as
water tight, and since rescue craft often operate 30 Figure 2 is a transverse section;
Figure 3 is a view of the lens partly broken
under conditions of poor visibility, and the per
away;
son in distress is at best di?‘icult to see, the light
Figure 4 is a view of the rubber guard member
must be capable of being seen at quite some dis
which may or may not be used; same being in
tance away, and to this end my present'signal
light may be elevated in the hand of the person 35 cross-section;
Figures 5 and 5a are two views of the arbor;
in distress. Furthermore since the person in dis
Figure 6 is a view of the casing;
tress is likely to be battered by wreckage and by
Figure 7 is a detailed top plan view of the clasp;
the seas and the like, the signal light must be
securely attached to his person, although the
means of attachment must be such as will not
be likely to cause leaks in the life saving equip
ment. In addition to all of these practical re
quirements it must be kept in mind that the per
Figure 8 is a view of the bulb supporting plate;
Figure 9 is a view of the bottom plate which
may or may not be used.
In the drawing wherein like characters of ref
erence are used to designate like or similar parts;
The numeral I designates the cylindrical, hol
low case which may be formed of a water and
dition, or perhaps injured, so that manipulation
fire proof plastic material ‘and which is screw
of the light must be relatively simple and easy.
threaded at its top edge, while at the bottom
My signal light is designed to meet the above
suitable means 2 are provided for attaching a
and other practical requirements, and further
cord 3 having at its free end a safety pin 4; this
more it is resistant to corrosion in salt water, has
no fragile Or complicated parts; presents a 50 cord is to permit movement of the light without
danger or loss or detachment. Inside of the case
smooth exterior unlikely to be caught on Oh
I is a battery 5 pressed by the spring 6 which is
structions; is easy to operate; has dual means of
held in place by an arbor 7—substantially L
attachment to the person carrying the light, and
shaped in construction and having a lip 8 over
is otherwise a simple, practical and unique ac
55 lapping the top edge of the casing. The disc
cessory for marine, as well as other uses.
son in distress is oftentimes in a weakened con
amass
..
,
,
,
3
4
,
l3a ?ts in the bottom of case I between the ar
bor '! and the inner end of the card 3. A circu
lar plate 9 rests on the top of the case to support
a lamp or bulb H) which is prevented from wob
has a relatively smooth exterior surface and is
light and of waterproof and ?reproof construc
tion, and all parts are made of non-corrosive or
corrosive resistant material.
bling or derangement by jars and the like by a 5
While I have described my invention in detail
‘spring H—Sh0Wn in dotted lines in Figure 1—
in the foregoing, the scope of my invention is
and over the bulb and screwthreadedly engaged
only to be determined from the claim, and
with the casingis a lens I2 having a ribbed in
changes in form, size, shape, arrangement and
terior l3 and preferably cone shaped as shown
assembly of parts may be made to conform to
in Figures 1 and 3. The lens may be red, and at 10 varying dictates of practice provided such
its base is serrated to give a ?rm hand grip at
changes fall Within the purview of what is
M so that by turning the lens the light is turned
claimed.
on and off.
If desired an annular, rubber or
I claim:
composition member I5 may be provided to assist
A waterproof, signal light designed to be re
in waterproo?ng the assembly, avoiding shocks, 15 movably attached to life saving equipment, com
providing ?rmer grip or the like, but use of the
prising a battery and a lamp in circuit therewith,
same is not in all cases essential or desirable.
a casing having an open end and housing the
The case is formed with upstanding spaced lugs
battery, a cavitated lens housing the lamp and
I6 at the side and parallel rows of teeth l1; the
disposed to form a closure for the open end of the
lugs being formed with journal openings sup
casing, the ponnection between the lens and cas
porting a pin l8. Mounted on the pin I8 is a
ing being threaded and substantially waterproof,
clasp member 19 having a serrated or toothed
switch means disposed to be operated by manip
clamping jaw 20 engaging between teeth I‘! and
ulation of the lens, spring means for urging the
a handle part 2|; the same is spring pressed as
battery toward the lamp, a collar-like means
at 22 and normally engages a part of the cloth
frictionally engaged with the lens and casing
ing to support the assembly.
about the point of connection between the lens
In operation the light is attached to the life
and casing to insure full waterproo?ng of such
preserver or life saving suit and is turned on and
connection and an L-shaped arbor in the casing
off by turning the lens. It may however be un
and engaging the spring and extending upwardly
clasped and raised in the hand, in which case 30 toward the lens alongside the battery and be
tween the battery and easing.
loss or detachment is prevented by the cord and
safety pin attaching means 4. It will be noted
that the signal light issimple and practical and
HENRY A. S. VAN DAALEN.
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