32,410,485 Patented Nov. 5, 1946 UNITED STATES _ PATENT OFFICE - 2,410,485 GARMENT FINISHER George W. Du Nah, Pasadena, Calif. _Applica_tion October 17, 1945, Serial No. 622,717 3 Claims. ’ (cl. 323-10) . 2 ,_ “this invention pertains to an improved garment ?nisher by means of which various garments such as, for example, dresses, coats, jackets and the like, may be subjected to the action of steam and hot air for the purpose of removing wrinkles, adjusting the garment to required size or length, and otherwise restoring the garment to its original ?nish and condition. ' All garments become wrinkled, stretched and otherwise deformed during a dry cleaning opera tion. Before the garment is returned to the . desired areas of the form to be properly in?ated so as to suitably stretch the garment in radial directions. and folded, and that the nap (if any) be in a normal upstanding condition instead of ?attened , Anv object of the invention, therefore, is to dis close and provide a simple and efficient garment ?nisher. . A further object is to disclose and provide a or overlapped. This ?nishing operation ordinarily ent invention is directed to a simple, e?icient de _ vertically adjustable upon the form, permitting wringles, that the pleats are properly positioned 15 ?equires a great deal of time and care. The pres - rotatably mounted upon the base housing. Means are provided for controllably supplying the dress form with hot air and the pipe support with steam so that garments positioned upon the form may be steamed or dried at the operator's will. More over, the dress form being of limp, porous mate-‘ rial is made adjustable for different sizes of gar ments or for garments of different lengths by the use of a movable constricting ring carried by the 10 tubular lower portion of the form. Such ring is original owner it is necessary to readjust the fabric and the various portions of the garment so that the garment is of uniform length, is free from . ‘ l - garment ?nisher provided with a vertically sup 20 ported, rotatable dress form which may be selec vice by means of which the garment may be placed upon a porous, in?atable dress or jacket form preferably provided with arms, the garment being thereby suspended or held by the form in a tively supplied with steam or hot air. A still further object is to provide a garment ?nisher of the character stated including pedal operated means for regulating the amount of air normal condition, the in?atable form properly 25 supplied to the dress form and for‘ controllably supplying steam thereinto. stretching and ?lling out the garment to the con These and other objects will become apparent toursv of the wearer, whereupon the operator may to those skilled in the art fromthe following pass ba?ied steam through the form and garment description of an exemplary form. In order to so as to soften the fabric of the garment, adjust the garment to desired length-and form by manual 30 facilitate understanding, reference will be had to the appended drawing, in which: light manipulation by a brush or small whisk Fig. 1 is a front elevation of the device show broom, and then dry the garment while it is in ing the dress form in position thereon." its adjusted ?nished position upon the permeable Fig. 2 is a side view of the device, the upper form by passing hot air through the form and garment. In this manner, complete renovation 35 portion of the dress form being broken away. of the garment is readily attained and inasmuch , as the form is rotatable in the device of the pres Fig. 3 is a plan view with the dress form re moved. Fig. 4 is a vertical section taken along the plane IV-IV of Fig. 3. ent invention, the operator may readily and quickly ?nish the garment. Moreover, the device of the present invention 40 As shown in the accompanying drawing, the device may comprise a bed plate i on which there permits the garment to be handled upon a hanger is mounted a cylindrical base housing 2. The so that at the completion of the ?nishing opera base I also carries ablower 3 driven by a suitable tion the garment, together with its hanger, may motor ll, a screened air intake-being indicated at ‘be hung upon storage racks for subsequent han 45 5. A duct 6 connects the outlet of ‘the blower 3, dling, disposal, distribution, etc. with the base housing 2. Positioned within the Generally stated, the apparatus comprises a duct are heating coils'i which may be supplied : base housing provided with an upstanding, cylin drical, pivot post, said pivot post rotatably receiv ing a pipe support provided with spaced steam with steam from a, main steam line 8 and branch‘ " lines 9. Between the heater 1 and the base hous outlets. The pipe support carries a complete 60 ing 2 the duct is provided with means for regulat ing the amount of air supplied to the base hous dress or jacket form, the bottom of such form ing. Such means may comprise a horizontally terminating in a substantially cylindrical por movable shutter element i0 slidable through a tion attached to a sealing ring rotatably ?tting suitable aperture in the side wall of the duct. over the top of the base housing. The entire pipe support, dress form and sealing ring are thus 55 Upstanding guides l i or other suitable means may - 2,410,485 be used for maintaining the duct in vertical posi the action of air supplied to the bottom of the tion. Pedal-operated means are provided for moving the shutter fromv an open position, where in the passage of air through the duct is vir dress form by fan 3. conduit 6. and base housing 2. In this manner the form may be used to com_ pletely fill out either short jackets or longer coats and to place the greatest distention‘ of the dress tually unimpeded, to a partially closed position, in which the cross-sectional area of the duct is form within a desired portion of the form so as reduced to between about 25% and 50%. Such not to unduly distend a garment ‘and still 1111 it pedal-operated means may comprise a shaft l2 out completely. _ journaled in suitable hangers l3 carried by the In order to make, certain that the air being bed frame I, the front end of the shaft l2 being 10 supplied to the .form is suitably heated, the base provided with a pedal lever II. The rear end housing 2 may include a suitable steam coil 46 of the shaft I2 is provided with a crank arm Ii, surrounding the upstanding pivot post 20, such one end of the crank arm being carried by the coil 46 being supplied with steam from the main shaft l2 whereas the other end is slidably re 8. The lower portion of the coil 46 may be con ceived in a vertical slot it formed in the shutter 15 nected to line 41 which constitutes a return and I0. Since the pedal lever I4 is suitably bent so drain line.to the source of steam. The heater ‘I as to contact the ?oor when depressed to either (in the event it is of the ?nned, steam tube type) position, a, positive two-position movement is im is also provided with a return or returns as by parted to the shutter III by stepping upon the line 48. Those skilled in the art will readily see the Means ‘are provided within the base housing 2 simplicity of the construction here shown and the for rotatably supporting a dress form. Such great savings which result from the use of the means may include a stationary, upstanding, device. The operator may readily slip a gar hollow pivot post 20, the upper end of such pivot , ment, as a coat, onto the dress form, plac post being attached to the walls of the base hous 25 ing thesuch in?atable sleeves 43 within the sleeves ing 2 by means of a spider 2| attached to a collar of the garment and buttoning the jacket around 22 ?xed to the upper end of the pivot post 20. An the form. Throughout this period of time a lim upstanding pipe support 231 having an open lower ited amount of hot air may be blown through end is rotatably held by the pivot post 20. The the form by placing the shutter in its partly upstanding supporting pipe 23 is also provided 30 closed position by operation of the foot lever l4. with a spider 24 carrying a circular sealing ring Steam may then be admitted into the upstanding 25 rotatable with a slip ?t upon the upper por pipe support 23 by depressing lever 32.‘ The tion of the base housing 2. The pipe support amount of air being passed into the form may 23 may also be provided with a bearing collar 25 also be increased by opening the shutter I 0. adapted to rotatably support the pipe upon the 35 After the coat has been suitably brushed and ' collar 22 carried by the spider 2|. adjusted, the introduction of steam into the up The pipe support 23 is provided with a plurality standing pipe 23 is discontinued and a large vol of longitudinally spaced ports 21 and such ports ume of hot air passed through the form and may be covered by a winding or covering of wire garment so as to completely dry the garment. mesh 28 for the purpose of more evenly distribut 40 The garment may then be readily removed from ing steam supplied to the bottom of the pipe sup the dress form. The top of the dress form may port. ‘ include means for holding a portable hanger so Steam is supplied to the pipe support by means that the hanger may be inserted into the gar pedal lever. ' of a conduit 30 connected to a port in the lower 20 ment while it is still on the form and removed portion of the pipe support 20. The conduit 30 45 without wrinkling or folding the garment. leads to the main steam supply line 8 and con The operation of the motor 4 may be controlled tains a spring-actuated whistle-type valve 3|. by foot switch 49 carried by the base I so that The valve 3! is preferably supplied with pedal the operator need not move from his position aotuated means comprising a foot lever 32 pivot in front of the device in order to start, stop, or ally connected to the base I at 33, a link 34, and otherwise control the machine. During brush a pivoted arm 35, the arm being adapted to de ing, the entire dress form may be rotated manu press the stem 36 of the valve 3i when the pedal ally, the sliding collar or ring 25 preventing un 32 is depressed. Suitable latching means 31 may due loss of air from the lower part of the form. be provided for holding the pedal 32 in depressed All changes and modi?cations coming within position when desired. the scope of the appended claims are embraced The upper end of the pipe support 23 is closed thereby. and carries a transversely extending hanger 40 I claim: upon which the dress or Jacket form 4| is held. 1. A garment ?nisher comprising: a base hous This form is made of a porous, limp, preferably ing provided with a circular upper portion open heat-resistant textile material and terminates in 60 at the top and a centrally positioned, stationary, a lower, substantially cylindrical or tubular por upstanding, hollow, pivot post; a, blower; an air tion 42, the marginal bottom edge of such por tion being bound to or connected with the outer surface of the sealing ring 25 as by means of suitable rubberbands, tape, string, or the like. It is to be noted that the dress form may in clude hollow tubular arms 43 closed at their lower or outer ends and suitably weighted. Moreover, the edge portion of the dress form, and partic , ularly that portion corresponding to the waist and hips, may carry a movable, encircling, constricting ring, belt, rope or the like 44, whereby the gen eral contours of the body portion may be varied by slidably adjusting and moving the ring 44 up and down the dress form while it is in?ated by duct connecting the blower with the base hous ing; a heater interposed in the duct between the blower and the base housing; a two-position shutter in the duct between the heater and base housing; an upstanding pipe support rotatably mounted in the hollow, pivot post, said pipe hav ing a closed upper end and a plurality of longi tudinally spaced ports, a transversely extending hanger carried by the upper end of the pipe sup port and a permeable, limp, dress form carried by the hanger, said dress form including a cylin drical lower portion; a rotatable sealing ring car ried by the circular upper portion of the base 75 housing and connected to the pipe support, the ' 2,410,485 bottom of the dress form being connected to the sealing ring whereby the sealing ring, pipe sup port, and dress form may be rotated simultane ously about a vertical axis; and pedal-operated means for supplying steam to the pivot post and pipe support. 3. A garment ?nisher comprising: a base hous ing provided with a circular upper portion open at the top and a centrally positioned, stationary, upstanding, hollow, pivot post; a, blower; an air duct connecting the blower with the base hous ing; a heater interposed in the duct between the 2. A garment ?nisher comprising: a base hous ing provided with a circular upper portion open at the top and a centrally positioned, stationary, blower and the base housing; a shutter in the duct between the heater and ‘base housing; a ing; a heater interposed in the duct between the 'blower and the base housing; a shutter in the duct between the heater and base housing; a position where the area of the duct is reduced to between 25% and 50%, said means including a shaft extending horizontally along ;the base 15 housing to the front thereof, a pedal lever car two-position, pedal-operated means for operat upstanding, hollow, pivot post; a. blower; an air 10 ing the shutter to and from a position in which duct connecting the blower with the ‘base hous air ?ow through the duct is unimpeded and a two-position, pedal-operated means for operat ing the shutter to and from a position in which ried by the front end of the shaft, a crank arm air ?ow through the duct is unimpeded and a carried by the other end of the shaft and a slot position where the area of the duct is reduced in the shutter, said slot slidably receiving one to between 25% and 50%; an upstanding pipe end of the crank; an upstanding pipe support support rotatably mounted in the hollow, pivot 20 having a, closed upper end, a plurality of longi post, said pipe support having a closed upper tudinally spaced ports, and a transversely ex end, a plurality of longitudinally spaced ports, tending hanger carried by the upper end of the and a transversely extending hanger carried by pipe support; a permeable .dress form carried the upper end of the pipe support; a permeable by the hanger, said dress form including a cy dress form carried by the hanger, said dress form 25 lindrical lower portion; a rotatable sealing ring including a cylindrical lower portion; a rotatable carried by the upstanding pipe support and'cir sealing ring carried by the upstanding pipe sup cular upper portion of the base housing and con port and circular upper portion of the base hous nected to the pipe support, the bottom of the ing and connected to the pipe support, the bot dress form being connected to the sealing ring tom of the dress form being connected to the 30 whereby the sealing ring, pipe support and dress sealing ring whereby the sealing ring, pipe sup form may be rotated simultaneously about a ver port and dress form may be rotated simultane tical axis; and pedal-operated means for sup ously about a vertical axis; and pedal-operated plying steam to the pivot post‘ and pipe support. means for supplying steam to the pivot post and pipe support. 35 GEORGE w.v DU NAH.