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Nov. 5, 1946..
ENSILAGE BLOWER
Filed March 22. .1944 '
Tal1.
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um. 2:..
N
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2,410,601
E. F. HUDDLE
`
`2'» Sheets-Sheet 1
Npv. 5, 1946.
E. F. HUDDLE
2,410,501
ì ENSILAGE BLOWER
Filed- March 22, 1944
Nm.
SSheGtS-Sheet 2
No'v. 5, 1946. '
2,410,501
E. F. HUDDLE
.
ENSILAGE BLOWER-
'
Filed Maron 22. 19'44
:s sheets-sheet s
Patented Nov..` 5, 1946
2,410,501 '
ENSILAGE BLOWER
Edwin F. Huddle,- Elmwood Park, Ill., assigner to
International Harvester Company,
tion of New Jersey
Application March 22, 194:4, Serial No. 527,663
.
4 Claims.
E
(Cl. 30H7)
s
This invention relates to a new and improved
ensilage blower and has for one of its principal
objects the provision of `means for feeding en
silage to a blower.
traveling in axial alinement with the fan axis
shaft 22. In the instantensilage blower, the feed
auger l@ lies parallel to a plane described by the
path of travel of the fan I'I. Or, in other words,
,
Heretofore, ensilage blowers have usually em 5 vthe auger I8 is at right angles to the fan shaft 22.
ployed some type of feed conveyer positioned at
The auger I8 is mounted within a housing 23,
right angles to a plane described by the path
the upper portion of which is expanded to form
of a blower fan. The particular conveyer em
a hopper 26 which has a large openingv 25. A
ployed was generally of the auger or worm- type. 10 cut-ofi’ bar 25' extends the length of the hopper
> It is, therefore, an important object of the pres
and is placed closely adjacentthe peripheralV
ent invention to employ a feed conveyer which
lies parallel to the path of blower fan travel.
Another important object of this invention is
to provide a novel feed device for ensilage blow
ers which tends to prevent congestion of the en 15
edges of the flight 3l of the auger I8. This cut
od contributes to the successful feeding of the
auger. The housing 23 is joined to the fan hous-l
ing 2li by means of an elbow-like conduit 26
which is best shown in Figure 2.
silage as it is fed into a blower'.
In operation, ensilage is put into the hopper 2t
through its large opening 25 whereupon the auger
it, rotating in the direction indicated by the ar
.
Another and still further important object `of
this invention is to provide a leveling auger for
ensilage blowers cooperating with a regular feed
row 2l, carries the ensilage to the end of the
conveye;` in order that the amount of ensilage 2o housing 23, whereupon the non-journaled -or the
fed to the blower remains substantially constant
open end 2@ _of the auger I8 drops the ensilage'
regardless of the amount of ensilage thrown into
into the conduit 26 where it, falls bygravity and
the feed hopper.4
ì
suction created by the fan I'I down thefinclined
Other and further important objects of the
outer wall 2E of this elbow-like conduit 26 and
present invention will become apparent from the
thence into the fan housing 20 through the open
disclosures in the following specification and ac
ing 3d’. The ensilage is then picked up by the
companying drawings, in which:
fan il, rotating in a clockwise direction as view
Figure 1 is a side elevation of the ensilage Y ing the device in Figure 1, and thrown upwardly
blower of this invention;
through the nozzle i9. 'I'he open end 2@ of the
Figure 2 is a top plan view of the ensilage- 30 auger Id means that the auger is unsupported at
blower` as shown in Figure 1;
I
its discharge end and permits continuous'forc
Figure 3 is an end view of the ensilage har
ing of ensilage through that end Without any
' vester as shown in Figures l and 2; and
obstruction. It has been found from experience
Figure 4 is a sectional view taken on the line
éi-d of Figure 2.
As shown in the drawings:
y
The reference numeral i@ indicates generally
that in filling the hopper 26 relatively uniformly
35 and with the auger _constantly carrying ensilage
to its opened end, shown at 28, that that end of
the hopper becomes heaped high with ensilage,
a chassis or frame work on which is mounted the
whereupon the air supply for the fan I'I is cut
ensilage blower of this invention. The frame Ill
ofi. The fan depends upon receiving a supply
is supported at its rear end by a wlieel truck II, 40 of air `from the hopper opening 25 and if that is
having a pair of wheels I2 at its forward end
completely clogged with ensilage the effect of
and by a leg I3 at its rear end. The leg I3 gives
the fan Il in throwing the ensilage or hay will
stability to the support of the ensilage blower.
be nil.
The leg I3 is reinforced by the link Iii. A foot
In order to effect a remedy for this congestion
or clevis I3 is provided at the lower end of the 45 of ensilage at the feed end ofthe auger, an aux
leg i3 and when it is desired to transport the en
iliary auger 3l! is positioned above the main 4feed
silage blower, the clevis I6 acts as the hitch or
¿auger It and projects outwardly from the end
attaching member to the draw-bar of a tractor
3l of the hopper 2li. The augers I 8 and 3d are
or other draft vehicle.
adapted to feed in exactly opposite directions as
The ensilage blower consists of a fan Il _and 50 indicated by the arrows 32 and 33. ’I'he direc
a feeding means. The feeding means includes
tion of rotation of the smaller auxiliary auger
an auger I8 for carrying ensilage to the fan
30 is indicated by the arrow 34. The auxiliary
whereupon it ‘is blown upwardly through the
auger 30V has an open end 35 at a point substan- `
nozzle i9 and by means of pipe (not shown) is
tially midway between the end walls of the >hop
fed to the top of a silo or other storage recep
tacle. The fan Il is positioned within a hous
ing 2li which is supported directly on the wheel ,
55 per 2t. It will now be seen that any portion of
ensilage that is thrown in near the end 3| of the
hopper 2d will be forcefully conveyed to the
middle area of the hopper 24 bythe auxiliary
As previously stated, ensilage has formerly
auger 30, whereupon it will be permitted to drop
been fed to the blower fan Il by a conveyor 60 into the ilight 36 of the main feed auger> I8
truck II as shown at 2l.
3
thereof and having one end unjournaled, said
whence it is carried beneath» the auxiliary auger
30 and fed tothe conduit 26. inasmuch as the
opening 26’ into the conduit 26 is substantially
hopper having a discharge opening at one end
thereof adjacent the unjournaled end of the
auger whereby ensilage carried by the auger will
the same size as the auger i8, it will easily re
exit through the discharge opening, and a sec
5
ceive all the ensilagc that the auger may carryA ` ond auxiliary auger above the main auger having
without becoming unduly congested _and will
an unjournaled end terminating substantially
centrally of the main auger and adapted to feed
also permit intake of ail’ to the fan. The aux
iliary auger 3B with its spiral night 31 travels
material in an opposite direction, whereby excess
above and closely adjacent the flight 35 of the
ensilage in the upper portion of the hopper is
10
auger i8 so that any surplus ensilage at the end
carried by the auxiliary augerraway from the
of the hopper 213 is carried out to the middle area
discharge opening and then permitted to drop to
‘ of the hopper 215. The auxiliary auger 3B acts
a lower level in the hopper and isthen carried
as a shear or`wiping device for the main feed
toward the discharge opening by the main auger,
auger i8, and thereby limits the amount of en
thereby preventing congestion at thedischarge
silage which can be discharged to the opened end
28 ofthe auger i8.
opening.
2. An ensilage blower including a pair of par
allel housings, a transverse conduit intermediate
of and adjoining said housings at the end of one
of the housings and centrally of the other of said
.
The auger i3 is journally supported in a sub
stantially long bearing 38 to compensate for the
non-supported open end 28. The small auxiliary
open end auger 3B is journally supported in bear
ings 39 and 4i).
housings for passage of ensilage from one hous
housing,
ing to the other, a hopper for the one
an auger journaled for rotation on a longitudinal
axis within the one housing, said auger having
'
.
Any suitable source of power may be employed
in operating the fan l1 and the open end angers
i8 and 30. As shown 'in the drawings, the power
an unjournaled end terminating adjacent the
is secured from a tractor power take-on through 25 transverse conduit, a fan journaled for rotation
a pulley ill. The pulley lll is adapted to direct
in the other of said housings in a path parallel to
ly drive the fan shaft 22. The direction of ro
said longitudinal auger axis, and lmeans in the
tation of the pulley dl and the shaft 22 is indi
one housing for carrying excess vensilage from the
cated by the arrow 62.
A worm d3 is keyed or
transverse conduit to the center of the housing'.
otherwise fastened to the shaft 22 and, as shown 30 whereby ensilage is transmitted' from the one
in Fig. 2, is in continuous driving relation with
housing to the -other without congestion.
a worm gear 44 which is fastened to a shaft 59.
3. An ensilage blower including a pair of par
The use of a worm and gear supplies the neces
allel housings', a transverse conduit adjoining an
sary proportionate reduction in the speed of ro
end of one of said housings and the approximate
tation of the angers with respect to fan speed. 35 center of the other of said housings for communi
Theshaft 49 is .iournallyl supported in a bearing
cation of material from one housing to the other, 4
5l at one end. Thebearing 5l is held in posi
i a hopper for one of said housings, an auger jour- Y
tion by means of strut members 52 mounted l naled for rotation within the one housing, said
rigidly with respect to the frame l0, housing
auger having an unjournaled end terminating
23 and unitary hopper 24. l A sprocket 53 is keyed 40" adjacent the transverse conduitand adapted to
to one end of the driving shaft 4S and imparts
feed ensilage to said transverse conduit, an auxil
movement to the chain 54 wrapped therearound.
iai-y auger journaled for rotation above the ñrst
The other end of the chain 5d surrounds a
named auger and extending from a point adja
sprocket 55 keyed or otherwise fastened to an ex
cent the transverse conduit to an unjournaled
tension of the `auger shaft i8. lThe auger I8 will,> 45 end thereof terminating intermediate the ends of
the nrst lauger and adapted to feed excess en
therefore, rotate in the .direction indicated by the
silage in a direction opposite to said ñrst-named
arrow 21.
A V-belt pulley 60 'is' mounted on the other
auger, and a fan journaled for rotation in the
end of the drive shaft 591 journaled at one end
other of said housings in a path parallel to the
'
housing, whereby»
in a bearing 58 and at its other end it joins the 50
flrst-named auger in the onethe one housing toy
shaft I9 by a universal joint 59'. A crossed V
, ensilage is transmitted from
belt 6I between the V-belt pulleys 6l! and 62
the other without congestion. >
' imparts drive from pulley S0 to pulley 62. This
4. An ensilage blower including a pairof par
of
the
auxil->
allel housings, a transverse conduit adjoining
pulley 62 is fastened to a shaft 30""
‘ lary auger 30 and is given `rotation, the direc 55 said housings for passage of ensìlage fromone
by the arrow 36. The
housing to the other, a hopper for one. of said
tion of which is indicated
be driven in a clockwise
housinga‘an auger journaled for rotation within ‘
fan l1, of co'urse, willFigure
l and as shown by
said one housing, said auger'having an uniour
direction as viewed in
the arrow 42.
.
»
' naled end terminating adjacent the transverse
_
It will be4 apparent that herein is provided a
novel and efliciently operating ensilage blower
conduit for feeding ensilage thereto, an auxiliary
auger journaled for rotation above the first
which automatically levels the ensilage in a feed
lnamed auger and extending from’a point adia
hopper and preventslcongestion of the ensilage
being fed to the fan a d resultant machine fail
ures which ,ordinarily «accompany an ensilage
limit the
blower. The intention, therefore, is to appended
invention only .within the scope of the
claims.
What is claimed is:
cent. the transverse'conduit- to an uniournaled
end thereof terminating intermediate `,the ends
65
‘
~
1.- An ensilage feeder comprising an elongated 70
` hopper, a main auger positioned in and extend=-
ing the entire length of the bottom of said hop
- per and?adapted to feed material longitudinally
of the nrst auger, means íorrotating and caus
ing said augers'to feedv in opposite" directions, and
a fan journaled for rotation in the other of said
housings, whereby ensilage is transmitted from
the one housing to the other vhousing without con
gestion.
nnwrn r'. Honour.
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