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NOV. 5, 1945- -
l E. ECH‘IKSION '
.
2,410,572
CUTLERY
Filed Dec. 4, 1944
‘Jil/I
‘
137M001?
7
11 INVENTOR.
' awe/Q“
v ATTORNEY.
2,410,572
Patented Nov. 5, 1946
UNITED STATES PATENT orrlce
'CUTLERY
Elchanan Echikson, Maplewood, N. .I., assig-rlor to
Pioneer Tool Company, Inc” Bloom?eld, N. 1.,
‘a corporation of New Jersey
_
Application December 4, 1944, Serial No. 566,517
5 Claims.
(01. 30—344)
2
1
This invention relates to improvements in cut—
leryand is directed more particularly to improve
ments in the handle and bolster construction._
The principal objects of the invention are the
The handle scales, are represented by will‘ and
are preferablys’similar. They may be ofjvarious
. materials and have been found to be satisfactory
when formed from plastic material. The scales
are, formed to have side walls t2, theinneredges
provision of a novel bolster or ferrule construc
tion in combination with the tang and handle
of an article of cutlery. By cutlery ‘is meant all
kinds of tools or instruments includinga blade or
of which are inv contact so that said walls extend
around and engage the edges of» thetangd there
by to enclose the tang. Forward portions l3" of
other working part ‘fromwhich extends a tang
the scales extend into the bolster and posts ill
10 extendinwardly of- the scales- to abut the tang 4.
that is provided with .a grip or handle.v
The invention ‘will be, described in connection
Thebolster andshells areprefera-bly secured
with ‘a scraper but ‘it will ‘be'un'de'rstood that the
to the tang by some form of rivets. These may
novel features of ‘the inventionare adapted for
be of the form that are headedover on-bothgends, ‘
but in the form of ‘the. invention being described
broad application and are not to be limited to
the form of the invention shown.
compression rivets iii are shown. Such'rivets
In vthe drawing: '
Fig. lis aplan view of a tool orarticle of cut
lery embodying the novel ‘features ‘of the inven
tion';
Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of, the tool
shown in Fig. l;
20
‘
Fig. 3 is a sectional plan view taken along the
upper sideoi' the tang of ‘the tool;
by the handle scales provide a strong rigid struc
ture without '_ liability of relative movement of
Fig. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view through
the handle and bolster of the tool;
_
Fig. 5 is a sectional elevational view on the line
5—5 of Fig. 3;
>
Fig. 6 is asectional view on the line 6-5 of
said; parts-whichjextends through a hole- i-nthe
Fig. 2; and
Fig. 7 is a plan view of one form of a handle 80
Referring now to the drawing more in detail,
the invention will be fully described.
An article of cutlery or tool is shown in the
form of a scraper having a blade 2 and a full tang
the components. ~
In another way. the bolster partsmay bese
cured by- a rivet member integralwith one :of the
,
forming member.
include male and, female-parts arrangedjso-that
the male part. is forced into the-female tubular
part which grips; the male part; The advantage
of the compression rivet‘is that the female part
is expandedto some extent so that it wedges in
the hole in the tang. This wedging action and
the fact that the edges ofthe tang are-embraced
other and is headed over as a rivet.
As shown in Fig. 3, the sides of the tang 4 are
notched out to receive the side parts of the bolster
members. The tang may otherwise be formed to
accommodate the bolster members. As previously
stated, the handle scales and bolster parts are
assembled together and riveted, and to surround
the rivets and provide supports for the scales
4 extending rearwardly therefrom. A full tang:
is to be distinguished from a drive tang which is
bosses 28 may be provided, as shown.
4
usually formed for driving into the handle con
When it is desired to secure the bolster parts
struction. Ordinarily a full tang construction
to the tang and then apply the scales, this may
‘is where the tang is somewhat wider than its 40 be accomplished by riveting the bolster to the
jointer with the blade.
A bolster B includes a pair of parts 6 which
tang and then inserting the forward portions of
have side portions 8 that are arranged for inter
procedure is shown in Fig. 7.
?tting relation as shown in Fig. 6. These parts
may be arranged as a male and female member, it
being desired that they ?t together in some man
ner just rearwardly of the choil of the tool. The
bolster members may be metal stampings, die
case, a pair of scales will be similar and the for
ward portions 24- will be provided with a slot 26
and a recess 28 to facilitate receiving of the rivet
and a boss, should there be one by reason of
countersinking the rivet heads in the bolster
castings or the like, as may be desired, and the
form thereof may be varied within wide limits.
The bolster may be secured to the tang and
the scales for forming the handle may be sub
sequently secured to the handle if desired. As
parts.
shown in Figs. 3, 4 and 6, the scales are secured
to the tang with the bolster parts.
the scales into the bolster.‘ A scale 22 for this
As in the former -
'
With such a construction there may be other
rivets of any desired form for securing the scales
to the tang as with the construction previously
described. As will be noted, the bolster members
may be of any desired form as may the scales,
55 and either may be made to cooperate with the
2,410,572
3
4
other to provide the bolster, handle or grip con
struction.
opposite side edges of the tang and upper and
lower portions spaced from the tang, a pair of
The tang is completely enclosed so that it is not
necessary to ?nish its marginal edges and the
handle forming shell members on opposite faces
of the tang having side walls embracing the re
maining portions of the side edges of the tang
components are constructed and arranged to pro
vide a strong rigid construction.
and provided with forward portions extending
into spaces between the bolster members and
tang, and means securing said tang, bolster and
made in the form of the invention Without de
parting from the spirit and scope'of the inven
shell members together, said means including
tion and therefore I prefer to be limited by the 10 male and female rivet members extending
following claims rather than the foregoing de
through the bolster and shell members with the
scription.
female members expanded in a hole provided in
What I claim is:
. the shank member.
Various changes and modifications‘ may be
1.'The combination with the tang of an article '
of cutlery of a bolster handle‘ construction come
4. The combination with the tang of an'article
of cutlery of a bolster handle construction com
prising in combination, a pair of bolster forming
members on the opposite faces of the tang hav
prising in combination, a pair of bolster forming
members on the opposite faces of the tang having
ing side walls in contiguous relation at portions
side walls in contiguous relation at portions of
of opposite side edges of the tang and upper and
opposite side edges of the tang and upper and
lower portions spaced from the tang, a pair of 20 lower portions spaced from the tang, a pair of
handle forming shell members on opposite faces‘
handle forming shell members on opposite faces
of the tang having side walls embracing the re
of the tang having side walls embracing the re
maining‘portions of the side edges of the tang
maining portions of the side edges of the tang
and provided with forward portions extending
and provided with forward portions extending
into spaces between the bolster members and
into spaces between the bolster members and.
tang, and means securing said tang, bolster and
tang, means securing said tang, bolster and shell
shell members together.
members together, and means securing said shell
2; The combination with the tang of an article
members and tang together.
of cutlery of a bolster handle construction com
5. The combination with the tang of an article
prising in combination, a pair of bolster forming
of cutlery of a bolster handle construction com
‘ members on the opposite faces of the tang having
prising in combination, a pair of bolster vforming
side walls in contiguous relation at portions of
members on the opposite faces of the tang hav
opposite side edges of the tang and upper and
ing side walls in contiguous relation at portions
lower portions spaced from the tang, a pair of
of opposite side edges of the tang and upperand
handle forming shell members on opposite faces 35 lower portions spaced from the tang, a pairof
of the tang having side walls embracing the re
handle forming shell members on opposite faces
maining portions of the side edges of the tang
of the tang having side walls embracing the re
and provided with forward portions extending
maining portions of the side edges of the tang
into spaces between the bolster members and
and provided with forward portions extending
tang, and means securing said tang, bolster and
into spaces between the bolster members and
shell members together, said means including
tang, and means securing said tang, bolster and
rivet means extending through the shank and
shell members together,_ said bolster members
shell members.
being similar in construction with the contiguous
3. The combination with the tang of an article
side Walls thereof arranged whereby one side wall
of cutlery of a bolster handle construction com
of each bolster member is disposed at the inner
prising in combination, a pair of bolster forming
side of the adjacent side wall of the other bolster
members on the opposite faces of the tang having
member.
side walls in contiguous relation at portions of
ELCHANAN ECHIKSON.
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