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Nov. 5, 1946.
'Filed Mar'ch 26', 1945
Patented Nov. 5, 1946
Earl A. Becker, Topeka, Kans.
Application March 26, 1945', Serial No. 584,773
5 Claims. (Cl. 223-63)
This invention relates to racks or stands for
clothing, .and more especially to an appliance
whereon trousers may be ?tted and stretched
smoothly for display purposes, and, if applied in
dampened condition, may be sharply creased,
front and rear, from the waist band to the lower
or free ends of the legs, and retain such creased
condition for a satisfactory period, when put to
conventional use or service.
My object is to produce an appliance of the
character indicated, for use with trousers of any
size, and which is provided with ground legs for
holding it in upright position for convenience
in the ?tting and adjustment of trousers there
on, and in their removal.
More specifically, my object is to provide an
Referring now to the drawing in detail, where
in like reference characters identify similar parts
in all of the views, it will be noted that there
are two frames of vertically-elongated U-shape
and of duplicate construction and disposed in
substantially parallel relation side by side, and
that each frame consists of two members I and
.2, adjustably connected together near the bot
tom, as hereinafter described, and connected
together at the top by a linkage in the form of
a toggle. The shape, cut or style and size of
the garment leg receiving one of said frames de
termines the adjustment for stretching the leg
flatly by applying pressure upon the leg in oppo
15 site directions, as indicated by Figure 1.
The toggle links 3 for each frame, are fric
appliance consisting of a pair of vertically-elon
gated frames of skeleton form, disposed in sub
stantially parallel relation, side by side, one frame
tionally pivoted together by securing between
for ?tting in each leg of the garment for stretch
ing, smoothing and creasing the same from top
siderable force by an operator to expand or con
tract the toggle, that is a force too great to be
them .9, plastic disk 4 or other friction produc
ing means necessitating the application of con
overcome for example, by that exerted by the
to bottom; the frames being independently ex
garment in drying through its tendency to shrink
pansible and contractible in width at top or bot
or contract after being stretched in dampened
tom or both, to accommodate them to the size,
cut or style of the legs and seat and waist por 25 condition, on the appliance, it being noted that
the two toggles are independently adjustable.
tions of the garment.
The members I and 2 of each frame are prefer
Another object is to provide means for pre
ably of thin narrow resilient metal or its equiv
venting a stretched dampened garment when
alent, and are pivotally connected to opposite
drying from shrinking or slipping and leaving
the garment when dry in more or less wrinkled 30 ends of the respective linkage. The members
are substantially straight from their toggle-con
nected ends downward for about two-thirds, more
Astill further object is to produce an appli
or less, of their length, the lower portions being
ance upon which a garment can be accurately ap
bowed outwardly relatively to widen the space
plied easily and quickly, and which is of strong,
35 between them for accommodating the contour
durable and inexpensive construction.
of the body portion of the garment.
With the objects mentioned in view, the inven
The lower end of each member 2 curves down
tion consists in certain novel and useful features
wardly and forwardly and the lower end of
of construction and combinations of parts as
eachv member ‘I, terminates in a rearwardly-pro
hereinafter described and claimed; and in order
that it may be fully understood, reference is to 40 lecting arm 6, describing an inverted arc struck
from the pivotal connection 5 with its respec
be had to the accompanying drawing, in which
tive toggle link, the arm crossing or intersecting
Figure l is a side elevation of a clothes rack
the downwardly and forwardly sloping portion 1
or stand embodying the invention, with trousers
of member 2, and below the arms of member I,
stretched thereon in smooth and creased condi
tion for their full length.
Figure 2 is an enlarged plan view of the top
45 the arms .1 are riveted together as at 1a, and
from said ‘point diverge downward and laterally
and form a pair of front supporting legs 8. The
members 2 are also joined together above the
arms 6, by a rivet 9, which also secures tightly
of the lower part of the appliance. '
Figure 4 is a horizontal section taken on the 50 to members 2, the upper ends of a pair of rear
legs ll], ?tting ?atly together through the space
line IV-IV of Figure 3.
between arms 6, and from a point below the
Figure 5 is a vertical section taken on the line
portion of the appliance.
Figure 3 is an enlarged view inside elevation
V'—-V of Figure 3.
Figure ,6 is a detail perspective view of one .of
the waistband clamps.
latter, diverge downwardly and laterally to coop
erate with the front legs in providing a stable
.55 support for the appliance in upright position,’
It will be noted here that the two members I,
are free for independent back and forth swing
ing movement to narrow or widen the space be
tween same and their related members 2, and
that the latter, although pivoted to their respec
tive toggle links, have no swingable adjustment
clamps 13, the clamp screws I2 withdrawn and
the toggles contracted, and the garment with
drawn by slipping it upward from the appliance.
From the above description it will be appar
ent that I have produced a clothes rack or stand
embodying the features of advantage set forth as
objectives, and while I have illustrated my pre
arms 6, which ?t slidingly across and ?atly
ferred form of the appliance, it is to be under
against the outer sides of arms ‘I, are held in such
stood that it is susceptible of modi?cation with
relation by extending through guide clips ll, 10 inthe spirit and scope of the appended claims.
riveted to arms 2, and as the arms 6 extend in a
I claim:
curve concentric to pivots 5 and cannot move up
1. A clothes rack or stand for trousers and the
when the appliance is resting on a floor.
, ward or downward relative to the clips, the piv
ots 5, after being adjusted through manipulation
of the respective toggles in the garment stretch
ing operation, are incapable of up or down move
ment, and such relation of the pivots is not dis
turbed by the swinging adjustment of members I,
necessary to conform the appliance to the width
and cut or style of the thigh, seat and waist por
tions of the garment. Because of the fact that
pivots 5 retain their adjusted positions, no diag
onal pull or strain is imposed on the respective
leg or body portions of the garment in the swing
able adjustment of members I , in a direction
away from members 2, in the stretching action
and no wrinkles are formed in the garment at
any point, but the entire area presents a smooth
and attractive appearance, as indicated by
Figure 1.
>_ To secure each member I at the desired point
o'fradjustment, clamp screws l2 are mounted in
the clips H and engage the members. Each of
said members is equipped with a pivoted clamp
l3v of U-shape in cross section, receiving the waist
band at the front side of the trousers, and clinch
like, comprising a pair of substantially-parallel
vertically-elongated U-frames, each of sectional
construction and independently expansible and
contractible in width at top and bottom, corre
sponding members of the two frames having legs
for supporting the appliance in upright position,
the other members of said frames being pivoted
at their upper ends and swingable toward and
from their respective related members and pro
vided at their lower ends with arms extending
crosswise of and slidably supported by the leg
equipped members; the members of each frame
being reversely bowed outward near their lower
ends, and means for securing the swingable mem
ber of each frame in rigid relation to the other
member of such frame.
2. A clothes rack or stand for trousers and the
like, comprising a pair of substantially-parallel
vertically-elongated U-frames of sectional con
struction, a linkage pivotally connecting the up
per ends of the members of each frame and ex
pansible and contractible, the lower portions of
the members of each frame extending crosswise
of each other, the crossing portion of correspond
ing members of each frame being slidably sup
member; each clamp having a pocket l4 con
ported by the other member of the same frame
taining a coil spring l5 bearing at opposite ends
and extending concentrically of the pivotal con
against the bottom of the pocket and the front 40 nections of such members with the said linkage;
edge of’ the related member I.
the other member of each frame below the cross
__ In operation, the appliance is adjusted to a
ing point having legs for supporting the rack or
width to permit dampened trousers, in inverted
stand substantially upright, and means for se
position,_to be easily slipped down, one frame in
curing the crossing portions of each frame in
each leg, until the toggles are exposed and the
rigid relation to each other.
waist band is below the level of the widest por
3. A clothes rack or stand for trousers and the
tion of the space between members I and 2. The
like, comprising a pair of substantially-parallel
operator may then open the clamps by pivotal
vertically-elongated U-frames of sectional con
operation thereof, to receive the waist band, the
struction, including a linkage for the upper ends
springs l5 reclosing said clamps to retain the ' of each frame consisting of two toggle arms fric
‘garment from slipping or working upward. The
tionally pivoted together and capable of expan
operator then swings members I forward by ap
sion and contraction to vary the width of the
ingit around and against the front edge of the
plying pressure on the rear ends of arms 8 to take
up the slack or looseness of the body portion of
respective frames at the top, the lower portions
the garment and the waist portion, the latter of
bowed reversely ‘outward and terminating in
course being ?rst buttoned or otherwise secured
at the opening. The toggle for one frame is then
expanded and the related member l, swung for—
ward until the frame has been. conformed to the
width and shape or cut of the leg. If desired or 60
necessary, further adjustment may then follow
for e?ecting the full or ?nal stretching and
of the sections or members of said frames being
arms extending crosswise of each other; the cross
ing portion of one member of each frame ex
tending concentrically of the pivotal point of
connection of said member with the front end
of the respective linkage, and the other member
of each frame having legs for supporting the rack
or standin substantially upright position, means
creasing operation for the full length of the gar
for rigidly securing together the crossing por
ment. The adjustments described may be fol- _ tions of each frame, and a spring-actuated clamp
lowed for the other leg, it being understood that 65 mounted upon each frame adjacent but below a
the particular order set forth for the adjust
bowed portion thereof.
ments are not essental though, all are necessary
e. A clothes rack or stand for trousers and the
to effect a complete smoothing of the garment
like, comprising afpair of substantially-parallel
without leaving wrinkles therein.
vertically-elongated U_-frames of sectional con
vWhenthe garment is fully stretched, the clamp
struction, including a linkagelfor the upper ends
screws :2 are operated to guard against reverse
of each frame consisting of two toggle arms fric
swinging movements of the members I, as the
tionally pivoted together and capable of expan
same are subjected to force applied by the gar
sion and contraction to vary the width of the re
'ment in its tendency to shrink in drying. When
spective frames at the top,-the lower portions of
the garmentis thoroughly dry it is released from 75 the sections or members of said frames being
bowed reversely outward and terminating in arms
extending crosswise of each other; the crossing‘
shaped sectional frames expansible and contrac
tible in width at their lower ends, an expansive
and contractive' connection for each frame at the
top, corresponding members of each frame being
concentrically of the pivotal point of connection
pivoted at their upper ends to the front ends of
of said member with the front end of the respec
the respective expansive and eontractive connec
tive linkage, and the other member of each frame
tion, the other members of said frames having
having legs for supporting the rack substan
arms equipped with supporting legs, the members
tially upright, a spring-actuated clamp mounted
pivoted at their upper ends, having arms cross
upon one member of each frame adjacent but
below the plane of the bowed portion of such 10 ing and ?tting ?atly against the arms of the leg
equipped members, means for securing the crossed
member, and guide clip-s secured to the leg
arms rigidly together at the desired point of
equipped portions of the frames and receiving
adjustment, and spring-actuated clamps pivoted
the crossing portions of the other members of
on one member of each frame.
said frames and permitting only endwise move
ment thereof.
portion of one member of each frame extending
5. In a clothes rack or stand, a pair of U
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