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NOV.‘ 5, 1946.
2,410,701
P0 ZALKIND
CONTAINER - DRAWER STOP AND ALIGNING MEANS
Original Filed June 2, 195a
'
FIGURE-2
FlGU RE-3
INVENTOR
'
ZAM-I
2 z &
TTORNEY
~
Patented Nov. 5, 1946
2,410,701
umrso srrs PATEN
critics
2,410,701
CONTAINER-DRAWER STOP AND
ALIGNING IVIEAN S
Philip Zalkind, New York, N. Y.
Original application June 2, 1938, Serial No.
211,385, new Patent No. 2,337,079, dated De
cember 21, 1943. Divided and this application
January 1, 1944, Serial No. 516,681
3 Claims.
(Cl. 45-7)
1
This invention is a division of my application
2
Patent No. 2,319,283, issued May 18, 1943, in
Serial No. 211,385, ?led June 2, 1938, which has
becomev Patent No. 2,337,079, dated Dec. 21, 1943,
order to align the drawer with said anti-friction
means; a drawerv stop which will permit with
and relates to collapsible containers wherein a
‘rawal of the drawer and yet serve as a stop for
collapsible drawer is intended to be slidable into 5 the drawer when withdrawal thereof is not de
and out of the open front of a casing, and in
sired; that will not interfere with collapsibility
connection with which novel drawer stop and
of drawer and casing; and that may even serve
aligning means are provided.
to suspend the drawer when it is partially re
Such casings and drawers may be economically
moved from the casing.
constructed of ?brous sheet material, the casing 10
Other objects and uses of my invention will,
being reinforced and strengthened, particularly
in part, be apparent and in part indicated in the
at the open front, by means such as that pro
following description and drawing in which:
vided in my Patent No. 2,118,011, issued May 17,
Figure 1 is a view in perspective of a casing‘
1938, and may be strengthened in the rear, if
and drawer showing a form of drawer stop which
necessary, by the inset back construction set 15 features my present invention.
forth in my Patent No. 2,159,070, issued May 23,
Figures 2 and 3 are details of the drawer stop‘
1939, the drawer being formed substantially as
described in my Patent No. 1,946,516.
When the casing and drawer combination is
of Figure 1.
V
The drawer of Figure 1 may have a roller‘ 4-01‘
mounted on the back wall in such manner that
used as a transfer ?le for storage of records and 20 it will just clear the inner surface of the top wall
papers or for any other purpose involving the
of the casing when the drawer is inserted‘therein.
loading of the drawer with relatively heavy ma
Many methods may be used for mounting such
terial, the movement of the drawer may be im
roller on the drawer. I prefer, however, to use a
peded by the friction developed between the bot
drawer blank the rear construction of which will
tom of‘ the drawer and the floor of the casing.
be like that of the blank, Figure 26 in my‘ Pat
Accordingly, in my Patent Nos. 2,233,906 and
2,200,319, as well as in other patents herein set
forth, I have provided for various types of fric
tion, reducing means and mechanisms between
ent No. 2,319,283, issued May 18, 1943. The
back wall 1300 in such blank of Figure 26 of that
patent consists of a panel 402, separated by a
, bend line I133 from the bottom wall I31; the panel
30 402 is in turn separated by a double score line‘
the casing floor and the drawer bottom. Like
wise,‘ in my Patent No. 2,319,283, issued May 18,
484 from the inner panel £105. The panels 402
1943, I have provided for additional and improved
and 405 are cut out at 408. Panel 405‘ may then
friction reducing means.
be turned on the double score line 404 to lie in
Where, by the use of e?icient anti-friction
face» to face relation against the panel 402. An
means, the movement of the drawer isfacilitated 35 additional panel 401 may be adhesively or oth
to the extent that only a minimum of effort is
erwise mounted so that it will lie between the
required to operate it, it becomes necessary to
panels 405 and 402 when they are folded'to
provide means such as drawer-stop to prevent
gether. The edges 508, 1309 of the‘ panel 40'!
undesired or intended removal of the drawer
may then serve as a support for a wire- N0 (of;
from the outer casing. Such drawer-stop should, 40 Fig; 43), said wire carrying the roller li'llliv which
where possible, reinforce both the drawer and
projects‘ above the slot 406. The back wall as
the casing,_facilitate the operation of the drawer,
sembly' may be secured together in the manu
and even serve to suspend the drawer when it is
facturing process, such back wall assembly for
so far withdrawn that its center of gravity is "mounting the roller not interfering with‘ the
outside the casing; and it should not interfere 45 collapsibility or flat shipment of the drawer.
with the collapsibility of casing and drawer
The roller‘wire may be secured so thatthe roller
where that is afactor. Such drawer stop may
will at all times be held in operative position.
be provided in connection with a reinforcing
Such roller 4M (Figure 1) will furnish addi
member as shown in my Patent No. 2,210,019, or
tional rolling support or suspension for the
may be independent thereof.
,
50 drawer by bearing against the top wall of the
. Objects of this invention, therefore, are to pro
casing when the drawer is so far removed from
vide in a casing and drawer combination adrawer
the casing that its center of gravity is beyond; the
stop which, may, if desired, cooperate with any
casing mouth, the drawer then tending to- sag
anti-friction means which may be usedv (and par!
down at its forward end. And- such roller may
ticularly the; antirfrictionz ‘means. set forth in, my. 5.5. also cooperate with-any stopping means‘ provided
2,410,701
3
4
in the top wall of the casing and thereby act as
ciples of construction which may be embodied in
other physical forms without departure there
from. I do not, therefore, desire to be strictly
a drawer stop. Such roller may also serve as a
handle for the rear wall of the drawer to facili
tate lifting the drawer when it is entirely re
moved from the casing.
In Figure 1, I have illustrated one type of stop
limited to the disclosure as given for purposes of
illustration but rather to the scope of the ap
ping mechanism for the casing adapted to coop
pended claims.
Having described my invention, I claim:
erate with such roller 4!“ or any other raised
portion or extension of the rear wall of the
lapsible casing section of substantially ?brous
1. In a collapsible cabinet comprising a col
10 material having a top wall and an open front
and a collapsible drawer section of substantially
self to create a drawer stop. A U-shaped wire
?brous material having side walls and an open
4“ is mounted in a plate M2 mounted in the
top wall 413 of the casing 49. Such U-shaped
top and a rear wall; means on said top wall of
said casing section and means on said rear wall
wire remains normally in the lowered or hanging
position as illustrated in the figure. It is so ar 15 of said drawer section cooperating with each
ranged that it cannot swing forward toward the
other to prevent unintended removal of the
open mouth of the casing, and thus, when en
drawer section from said casing section; said
drawer or even the rear wall of the drawer it
gaged by the roller, will not permit unintended
means on said rear wall of said drawer section
comprising a roller adapted to ride against the
movement of the drawer out of the casing. But
when it is desired to permit the roller 4!“ to
top Wall of the casing section; said means on the
pass beyond the wire 4“ so that the drawer
top wall of the casing section comprising an
may be pulled out, the wire 4! I may be swung
abutment engaging said roller and preventing
backward toward the rear of the casing and
unintended removal of the drawer; said abut
thus raised.
ment comprising a support in the top of the cas
As seen in the detail view of Figure 2, the plate 25 ing section, a pendant rotatable wire having a
412 may comprise a ?at member 4M having two
portion in the path of movement of said roller,
risers 415, M6, the riser 4H5 having perforations
means on the support cooperating with the wire
4", 418 associated with recesses M9, 429 within
for limiting rotation of the wire toward the front
which the ends MI, 422 of the U wire 4“ may
of the casing section, said wire being rotatable
be inserted so that they will not project beyond 30 toward the rear of said casing section to be raised
the plane of the riser 416 or the plane of the ?at
out of position to engage with said roller; said
member M4. As will be clear from the ?gure,
support being carried by the top wall of the cas
the U shaped wire may be freely swung away
ing and comprising a channel shaped member
from the riser 4 [6, but cannot swing any further
having a main channel section de?ned by a pair
toward such riser and is effectively stopped there
of parallel legs and a bridging member connect
by. The plate 4l2 may be inserted in a gap 425
ing them; ?anges secured to and extending from
(Figure 1) in the roof 4l3 of the casing 48 so that
the said legs; recesses at the connection between
the ?anges 423 and 424 extend beyond the edges
one of said legs ‘and said bridging element; ex
of such gap to prevent the lifting of such plate
tensions on said rotatable wire engaged in said
away from the casing. The U wire 41! will then
recesses for supporting said wire.
hang down into the interior of the casing to serve
2. In a collapsible cabinet comprising a col
as a drawer stop in cooperation with the roller
lapsible casing section of substantially ?brous
40!. A batten 42B (Figures 2 and 3) may then be
material having a top wall and an open front and
inserted beneath the flat member 4“! so that the
a collapsible drawer section of substantially ?
ends of the batten rest against the outer surface
brous material having side walls and an open top
of the top wall of the casing and prevent the plate
and a rear wall; means on said top wall of said
“2 from falling into the casing and will lock
casing section and means on said rear wall of
the drawer stop in place. The stud 421 on the
said drawer section cooperating with each other
‘batten 426 cooperates with the perforation 428
to prevent unintended removal of the drawer sec
of the ?at member 414 to prevent accidental re 50 tion from said casing section; said means on said
moval of the batten where casings are to be
placed one on top of the other, the batten 426
may be ?at so that the flat member 4“ will be
very nearly ?ush with the top of the casing. A
channel member 429 may be mounted over the ,
forward edge of the gap 425 to reinforce such
forward edge against any undue pressure or
strain when the roller 411i is pulled against the
drawer stop 4| I.
The construction herein shown will operate in
a rigid or collapsible container without interfer
ing with the collapse of the container, casing or
drawer. The rotation of the wire toward the rear
will raise the wire to lie ?at against its wall to
permit collapse.
_
Further, the fact that the wire 4“ is rotatable
in one direction to lie flush with the wall but will
resist rotation in the opposite direction will sug
gest many other uses for such wire in collapsible
structures. Thus, such constructions may be used
as of hanging or suspending means in the ceiling
of collapsible cabinets or even in the side walls
thereof.
From the foregoing description it will be ap
rear wall of said drawer section comprising a
roller adapted to ride against the top wall of the
casing section; said means on the top wall of
the casing section comprising an abutment en
gaging said roller and preventing unintended re
moval of the drawer; said abutment comprising
a pendant rotatable wire, a support for said wire
in the top of the casing section said wire having
a bent portion in the path of movement of said
roller and other portions rotatably secured to
said support, the motion of said wire toward the
front of said casing section being limited, said
wire being rotatable toward the rear of said cas
ing'section to be raised out of position to engage
with said roller; a support for said wire, said
support being carried by the top wall of the eas
ing and comprising a channel shaped‘ member
having a main channel section de?ned by a pair
of parallel legs and a bridging member connect
ing them; ?anges secured to and extending from
the said legs; recesses at the connection between
one of said legs and said bridging element; ex
tensions on said rotatable wire engaged in said
recesses for supporting said wire; said last men
parent, that my invention resides in certain prin 75 tioned leg also providing a stop for said wire lim
2,410,701
iting the rotation of the wire toward the front
top wall of the casing section; said means on the
top wall of the casing section comprising an
3. In a collapsible cabinet comprising a col
abutment engaging said roller and preventing
lapsible casing section of substantially ?brous
unintended removal of the drawer; said abut
material having a top wall and'an open front and
ment comprising a pendant rotatable wire, a sup
a collapsible drawer section of substantially ?
port for said Wire in the top of the casing section,
brous material having side walls and an open
said wire having a bent portion in the path of
top and a rear wall; means on said top wall of
movement of said roller and other portions rotat
said casing section and means on said rear wall
ably secured to said support, and means on the
of said drawer section cooperating with each 10 support cooperating with the wire for limiting
other to prevent unintended removal of the
rotation of the wire toward the front of the cas
drawer section from said casing section; said
ing section.
means on said rear wall of said drawer section
PHILIP ZALKIND.
comprising a roller adapted to ride against the
v of the casing section.
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