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Nov. 12, 1946.
R. P. MESSENGER arm.
DETACHABLE “ANDRE SPREADER
Filed Nov. 22, 1945
‘
2,410,953
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2 Sheets-Sheet 1
NW- 12, 1946-
R. P. MESSENGER ETAL
I
DETACHABLE HANURE SPREADER
v
Filed Nov. 22, 1943 ’
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2,410,953
-2 Sheets-Sheet '2
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Patented Nov.
1946’
A ‘2,410,953....
UNITED‘ STATES ' PATENT ,‘ OFFICE
DETACHABLE MANURE SPREADER
Robert P. Messenger, Kenilworth, Arnold E. W.
Johnson, Oak Park, and William F. Schmied,
Blue Island, 111., assignors to International .
Harvester Company, a ‘corporation of New
Jersey
Application November 22, 1943, Serial No. 511,284
' 'lClaims. (crews-5)
1
.
.
.2
' Figure 2 is a view similar to Figure '1 with the
This invention relates to a new and improved _
farm cart tilted and joining the spreader unit;
detachable manure spreader and has for one of
its principal objects the provision of means for _ . Figure 3 is a view similar mi and 2 showing ~
the spreader unit fully attached and the farm
quickly transforming a general purpose farm cart
into a, manure spreader.
5 cart in'normal upright position;
Anvimportant object‘of this invention is to
Figure 4 is a. detail showing the sliding gate
provide a farm cart‘ and a separate complete
means, for locking the wheel truck in forward or
manure spreader unit which is so designed as to
1 permit a single operator to attach orvdetach the
unit to the farm cart as desired.‘
.
I
10
rearward position;
Figure 5 is a sectional view taken on the line
5-5 of Figure 4;
' -
.
-
_
v
'
.- Heretofore, manure spreaders have been de-
Figure 6 is a detailed perspective view show
signed for the sole purpose of spreading manure,
ing the farm cart about to join the spreader
and, when not in such use, the vehicle was idle.
unit; and
.
'
'
_
The very nature of the spreader vehicle is that.
Figure '1 is'a view similar to ‘Figure 6 showing
' of an ordinary wagon except for the fact that it 15 the cart and spreader unit completely attached.
is positioned relatively closer to the ground.
As shown in the drawings:
‘ Most farmers have and ,use wagons for general
The reference numeral ll indicates generally
farm purposes; and it is desirable to adapt same
a two-wheeled farm cart having'a pole or tongue
for attachment of an inexpensive spreader unit. ‘
means ill with a clevis, as shown at l2, which
Small farm owners could not afford to tie up 20 will readily attach to the draw-bar of a tractor
their limited capital in a large manure spreader
or the like. The wheels are shown at [3, and it
which would be'idle for the major portion of
will be noted that they are normally slightly to
the time. Yet these small farmers must necesthe rear of the center of the cart as shown in
sarily have wagons or carts, and it is, thereforeJ ‘
Figure 1. A leg member is shown at it having a
an important object of the present invention to 25 ground-engaging foot l6 positioned at the for
provide a small farm cart capable of having a
ward end of the cart and for use when the cart
manure spreader unit detachably mounted on
is not attached to any draft vehicle. When the
one end thereof and thereby transform the farm
clevis I2 is attached to some draft vehicle, the
cartto aspreader.
leg I4 is moved-to an upward position within
Another important object of this invention is 30 a ?xed sleeve 15. This shifting of the'leg I4 is
the provision of a longitudinal shiftable wheel
accomplished by the removal of a pin 20, or the
truck to permit e?icient transformation of a
like, which may be again inserted when the leg‘
farm cart to a spreader.
‘
A further important object of this invention is
is in its uppermost position and thereupon main
tains the leg in such upward position.
,
to provide an open rear end. cart capable of 35 A manure spreader unit is/show'n at ll and
receiving a spreader unit and thus closing the
has a pair of spaced apart side plates as shown
open rear end.
> _
'
.
at l8 for rearward ccntinuations of the sides l9
A still further important object is the provision of an open rear-end cart and a spreader
of the cart ll. Mounted intermediate the side
plates‘ l8. are means for agitating and spreading
unit having alinable interengageable detachable 40 the manure as it leaves the cart. These means .
locking means at their respective side edges.
Another and still further importantobject of
this invention is to provide an open rear end
are substantially standard and include rotating
heaters (not shown) and a wide spreading auger
as shown at 2!. This auger 2| is equipped with
- tiltable wheeled cart adapted to detachably en-
saw-tooth points al‘?lmd the Periphery of'the
gage a proximately positioned spreader unit when 45‘ auger iiighting as designated by the numeral 22.
the cart is in tilted position and pick up the
The heaters and the spreading auger 2| are ro-.
spreader unit in rear'end closing relation to the
cart when the latter is returned to untilted
position.
‘ t?tably driven by a Suitable means Such'as the
Dowel‘ take-Off from a tract-01‘ 01‘ 5y Connection ’
to the ground-engaginglgwheels l3.
'
Other and further important objects of this 50 As shown in Figure 1, the farm cart may be
invention will become apparent from the disused as ageneral Purpose. cart in any Capacity
closures in the following speci?cation and aethe farm owner desires. The axle 23 is journaled
companying drawings, in which:
>
.
‘Figure '1 is a side elevation of the farm cart
and spreader unit previous to attaching;
' ‘ within rectangular bearings, as shown at 24, po- _
sitioned on each side, of the farm cartl Depend
66 mg brackets‘ 26 are ?xedly attached beneath the
3
2,410,953
cart and adjacent each side. These brackets 28
have elongated rectangular slots as shown at 21
4
thereof, and through which the brackets 53 and .
the open-end sockets 48 project. The forward
within which the bearings 24 are adapted to
projecting portions 81 of the brackets 53 are
slide. A gate 28, as best shown in Figures 4 and
equipped with vertical slots or passages 58.
5, is hinged on the rod 29 at 30, which is jour
The farm cart I I', having an open rear end and
naled in the spaced apart projections 3| of the
sides is, has a stud 59 projecting outwardly from
bracket 28. The gate 28 is adapted to slide along
both sides thereof atv diametrically opposite po
the length of the rod 29 within the supporting
sitions at the lower rear end of the farm cart.
projections 3|. It will be noted that the rod 29
The studs 59 are welded, or otherwise fastened,
is mounted inside the bracket 28, and the gate 10 to an extension 8| of the sides Ill. The rear end
28, therefore, swings inwardly and downwardly
on its hinge rod 29. A latch member 32, pivoted
on gate 28 at 33, is adapted to be turned to a
vertical position and thus maintain the gate 28
of the sides l9 has outwardly turned ?anges 82
and as shown in Figures 6 and '7 are equipped with
a pair of vertically spaced guide plates 83 and 84.
Pins ‘88 are adapted to slide through apertures
in an upward position by reason of the upper 15 81 in the upper bracket 84. The pins 88 have
end of the latch 32 overlapping the side wall of
coextensive downwardly projecting rod portions
the bracket 26. The wheel axle 23, as best shown
88. The rods 68 pass through apertures 88
in Figure 5, is equipped with a. pair of annular
within the lower plate 83. Intermediate the
shoulders 46 spaced apart so that, as shown in
plates 63 and 84, and surrounding the rods 88,
this Figure 5, each rectangular bearing member 20 are springs ‘H adapted to normally force the pins
24 may abut a shoulder 48 and hence cause the
88 upwardly through the upper plate 84. The
bearings to remain within the rectangular slots
pins 68 are substantially rectangular in shape,
21 in the brackets 28.
and the springs ‘H around the coextensive rods
As previously stated, the farm cart, as shown in
88 engage the outer ends of the rectangular pins
Figure 1, is for general pm'pose duty and, there
and thereupon propel the pins upwardly. The
fore, it is desired to have the wheels l3 at a posi
lower. end ofthe spring ‘II is restrained from
tion substantially centrally of the cart to better
a downward movement by reason of the plate 83.
assume the cart load. A regular manure
A connecting rod 12 is attached to the lower end
spreader has its wheels at the rearof the cart
of the rod 88 and has its other end fastened to
to compensate for the added weight of the 30 one end "of a lever 14 at 82. The lever 14 is
spreader unit . If the wheels were positioned at
pivoted at 16 on the extension bracket 8|, and
the rear for general purpose cart use, the draft
vehicle would be carrying the load rather than
the cart. In the present device the wheels [3
may be locked in either a forward or rearward
position. To accomplish a shifting of the wheel
truck in either direction, the gates 28 are un
latched and turned downwardly about the hinge
rods 29, whereupon the rectangular-bearings 24
’ upon an upward movement of the handle por
tion 11, the connecting rod 12 pulls the pins 88
downwardly.
‘
Slots ‘'8 are positioned adjacent the pins 88 in
the side end ?anges 82, and thereupon a down
ward movement of the pins 88 frees the passages
in axial alinemen't with the slots 18. The lever 74
is positioned close to the rear of the farm cart I I,
are free to slide the length of the slots 21. When 40 and inasmuch as it is very desirable to be able
these bearings are in either end of the slots, the
to depress the pins 86 from a position‘ adjacent
gates may be swung into position in the slots and
the forward end of the cart, a cable or rod ex
thus complement the bearings so that the slots 21
tension 19 is attached to the end 13 of the lever
are completely ?lled. This condition prevents
14 at 8|, which is below the attaching point 82
further movement until the gates 28 are again 45 for the connecting arm 12. The end 13 of the
turned downwardly.
lever 14 is substantially triangular in shape so
It is customary for manure spreaders to em
that the attaching point 82 is above the pivot
ploy longitudinally running chains having cross
point 16 and the attaching point 8| with the rod
slats at intervals therearound and extending the
19 is below the pivot point 18. It will be evident,
length of the farm cart and ruiming in the bot
50 therefore, that a pulling movement on the rod
tom thereof. This chain 34 with the cross slats
19 will effect a depressing of the pins 86 similar
38 is shown in Figures 3 and 5 and is driven by
to an upward movement of the handle 11. A
rotation of the ratchet wheel 31 which is en
hand lever 834's, therefore, provided near the
gageable by a pawl 38 pivoted on an arm 39, capa
forward end of the farm cart and is pivoted at
ble of being raised or lowered by the crank drive . 84 on the‘ side walls IS. The rod 18 attaches to
4| and the connecting arm’ 42. An additional
the hand lever 83 at 81, A forward movement
cam means 43 is adapted to tilt the arm 39 and
of a'downward extension 88 of the lever 83 will
thereupon cause a greater or lesser number of
cause a forward pulling of the rod 19 and thus
ratchet teeth to be engaged by the pawl 38. This
depress the pins 88. The farm cart has been
variable ratchet feed- device is explained in
‘ described as having an open end, but of course
greater detail in a copending application having 60 when it is not to be used as a manure spreader,
Serial No. 515,338, filed December 23, 1943.
a rear closing gate may be provided. Such a. gate
The spreader unit IT has a pair of forwardly
could be equipped with interlocking elements
extending brackets 41, bolted, or otherwise at
similar to those employed on the spreader unit.
tached to the side plates l8 at 48, and having at 65
As shown in Figure 1, the spreading attachment
their forward ends outwardly ?ared open-‘end
rests ?rmly on the ground so that the slotted
sockets 48. These open-end sockets 49 are best
extensions 51 and open-end slots 48 lie approxi
shown in‘ Figures 6 and 7 and have a downwardly
mately at an angle of ,60°_to the ground. This '
curved lower lip,5l and an upwardly curved upper
angle may be any acute angle necessary to com
lip 52. A second pair of forwardly projecting
plement the angle of the rear edge 88 of the farm
w
brackets 53 are provided. above the brackets 41
cart II when the farm cart is tilted upwardly as
and are fastened similar to the brackets 41 by
best shown in Figure 2'. When the wheel truck
means of bolts 01- the like 54. The side plates 18
is in its forward position, the farm cart easily
of the spreader unit have an outwardly turned
tilts about the Wheels so that its rear end inclines
?ange 58 which extends around the periphery 75 downwardly, and upon moving the lever 83 for
2,410,953
5
wardiy by its handle 88, the studs 59 are able
to lodge within the open vends of the sockets 49
and the projections 51 may advance through the
slots 18, whereupon a releasing of the handle 88
permits the spring ‘II to actuate and ‘propel the
pins 86 upwardly through the now alined slots
88 in the projections 51. ' This operation is best
' the rear of the cart by tilting said cart and there;
by engaging-it with said unit, said means for
, attaching comprising projecting studs on said
cart and cooperative sockets on said spreader
unit. spring retained pins on said cart and coop
erative slotted brackets on said spreader unit,
said pins and brackets disposed above said studs
and sockets.
'
shown in Figures 6 and '7, and after the pins have
4. In combination, a‘ tiltable cart, a spreader
penetrated the slots 58, the spreading unit I1 is
firmly attached to the farm cart. The next op 10 unit,‘ means for attaching the spreader unit to
the rear of the cart by tilting said cart and there
"eration is to drape the slotted chain 34 around
by engaging it with said unit, said means for
the bottom of the farm cart and engage sprock
attaching comprising projecting studs on said
ets (not shown) on the shaft 44 in the spreader
cart and cooperative sockets on said spreader
unit. The additional weight added to the end
unit, spring retained pins on said cart and co
of the farm cart by the spreader unit i1 is such,
operative slotted brackets on said spreader unit,
with the wheels i 8 in a forward position as-shown
said pins and brackets disposed above said studs
in Figure 1, that the spreader is materially un
and sockets, and means for retracting said pins
balanced and the load on the draft vehicle would
whereby the slotted brackets may be inserted
be excessive. Hence, the gates 28 are unlatched
by turning the latch members 32 and dropped 20 into the positions previously occupied by said ‘
'pins.
.
about the hinge rods 29, and the wheel truck, with
its axle 23 and bearings 24, is shifted rearwardly
. 5. In combination, a tiltable cart, a'spreader
unit, means for attaching the spreaderunitjto
within the rectangular slots 21 to the rear end
the rear of the cart by tilting said cart and-there:
thereof, as best shown in Figure 3. The hinged
gates 28 are again brought upwardly vand latched 25 by engaging it with said unit, said means for
attaching comprising projecting studs ‘on said
against the bracket 28, and the bearings 24 are
cart and cooperative sockets on said spreader
maintained in the rear end of the slots 21. Such
positioning of the axle and wheels gives added
unit, spring retained .pins on said cart and co
support to the point where the load is the greatest
operative slotted brackets on said spreader unit,
and thus diminishes the load on the draft so said pins and brackets ‘disposed above said studs
vehicle. .
and sockets, and means for retracting said pins
whereby the slotted brackets may be inserted into'
The spreader unit can be as readily detached as
it was attached and in a manner just opposite to
the normal pin position with the slots in aline
that of the attaching operation. In other words,
ment with the pins, said means for retracting the
the farm cart is tilted upwardly about its wheels 35 pins comprising a lever pivotable on said cart
beneath said pins, connecting links extending be
l8 to the point where the spreader unit rests on
the ground at the two points as shown, namely.
tween the pins and-one end of said lever, where
under the ratchet 81 at 9| and at the spreading
by movement of the other end of said lever will
auger at 82. The handle 88 is pulled forwardly
effect pin movement.
‘
and pins 66 are removed from the slots 58,. and 40
6. In combination, a tiltable cart, a spreader
immediately upon letting the farm cart down,
unit, means for attaching the spreader unit. to
the rear of the cart by tilting said cart and there
21;; spreading unit is detached from the farm
by engaging it with the unit, said means‘ for at
It is obvious that numerous details of the
taching comprising projecting studs on said cart
quick-attachable spring'latch, as .well as the de 45 and cooperative sockets on said spreader unit,
tails for the shiftable wheel truck may be changed
spring retained pins on said cart and cooperative
materially without departing from- the form of
slotted brackets on said spreader unit, said pins
the invention disclosed herein, and it is, there
and brackets disposed above said studs and sock
ets, and means for retracting said pins whereby
fore, the intention that the patent be limited
only within the scope of the appended claims.
50 the slotted brackets may be inserted into pin po
What is claimed is:
sition, said means for retracting the pins com
1. In combination, a tiltable cart having a lon
prising a‘ lever pivotable on said cart beneath
gitudinally shiftable wheel truck lockable in for
said pins, connecting links extending between the
ward'or rearward positions in relation to the cart,
pins and one end of said lever, whereby move
a spreader unit, and means for attaching the 55 ment of the other end of said lever will effect
spreader unit to the rear of the cart by tilting said
pin movement, an auxiliary hand operating lever
. cart when the wheel truck is locked in its for
' positioned adjacent the forward end of the cart
ward position and engaging the rear of the cart
and adapted to move concurrently with said first
with the spreader unit, and means for lockingv said
lever.
‘wheel truck in a rearward position when the 60
7. In combination, a two-wheeled cart having
spreader unit is attached.
,
. a
a pair of oppositely projecting ?xed studs at its
2. In combination, a tiltable cart, a spreader
lower rear end, retracti-ble pin means above said
unit, means for attaching the spreader unit to
projecting ,studs, a spreader unit having a pair
the rear of the cart by tilting said cart and there
of forwardly open sockets at the lower forward
‘ . by engaging it with the ‘unit, said means for 65 portion thereof, and a slotted bracket above said
attaching comprising projecting studs on said
sockets, whereby said studs are adapted to en- .
cart and cooperative sockets on said spreader
gage said sockets and said retractible pin means
unit, pins on said cart and cooperative slotted , is adapted to engage said slotted bracket.
brackets on said spreader unit, and said pins and
brackets disposed above said studs and sockets. 70
ROBERT nivmssnncinn.
ARNOLD E. W. JOHNSON.
3._In combination, a tiltable cart', 9. spreader
unit. means for attaching the spreader unit to
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