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Nov. 12, 1946.
7
1
H, T, 50.11am.“
‘
SEAT
Y
2,411,125
CONSTRUCTION
I
Filed Jan. 1, 1943.
2 sheets-sheet 1
/5
2
22b
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/5
’
INVENTOR
'
ATTORNEY‘
NOV- 12, 1946-
2,411,125
H. T. BORSHEIM '
SEAT CONSTRUCTIQN
Filed Jan. 1, 1943
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
3%..
MM”
4%
P
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L/
'22
INVENTOR
Patented Nov. 12, 1946
'
2,411,125 ,
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,411,125
SEAT CONSTRUCTION
Hans T. Borsheim, Davenport, Iowa, assignor to
.
J. 1. Case Company, Racine, Wis., a corporation
'
Application January 1, 1943, Serial No. 471,029
'
5 Claims.
(01. 155-51)
2
1
Fig. 2 is a plan view of the arrangement shown
The present invention relates to seats of a kind
most generally used on tractors, farm machines
in Fig. 1 in section on the line 2--2 of Fig. 1,
or vehicles where these ?nd use, and an object of
’ omitting certain parts for clearly showing the
the invention is to generally improve the con
struction ‘and operation of devices of this class.
A further object of my invention is to provide a
seat that serves two purposes in farm use.
A
construction.
further object is to provide a seat which is adapt
ed to cushion the bumps and vibration present in
a tractor or implement when operating and to 10
save an operator on said seat from a large part
. i
Fig. 3 is a front view of the device.
Fig. 4115 a sectional view on the line 4-1 of
, Fig. 1 to show certain mechanism indicated in
Fig. 1.
.
Fig. 5 is a sectional view on line 5-5 of Fig. 1.
As seen in Fig. 1, this invention is shown se
cured to a tractor frame I on top of which is
bolted a stirrup 2 held in place by cap screws
of the discomfort otherwise attendant on the op-,
3-—3, although it is to be understood that the
eration of such a vehicle.
seat is not limited to usewith a tractor but may
Other objects are to provide a seat that is struc
turally strong, compact, economical for manu 15 be applied to any machine Or implement where
facture and of good appearance.
A further object is to provide for folding of the
a seat of this character is required.
Hingedly '
connected to this stirrup is the seat support
member made up of a pair of steel bars 4-—~4 se
seat into an inoperative position so that the op
erator may stand while operating the implement, ‘ curely welded together as a unit and pivoted at
the position of the seat being such that rain, 20 a pin 5 carried by stirrup 2, allowing the seat a
limited vertical swinging movement.
snow, dirt, etc., will not remain on the seat, owing
A ?at plate member 6, a part of the seat sup
to the inclination. thereof, so that the seat will
port, is Welded into and between the members 4
be relatively clean when it is next to be used.
to unite them, as above, and is provided with a
Since many tractors operate on steel wheels
with long lugs on the wheel rim for traction, there 25 slot ‘I through which a bolt 8 passes downwardly.
Bolt 8 has a head 9 about which are arranged
is bound to result a very rough bumpy reaction
?exible compression springs 9a and 91’ between
particularly on hard surfaces and frozen ground
, which is overcome by a spring member in com
the underside of ?at plate member 6 and frame 1
I. These springs are compressed by the action
pression and counteracted by a ?exible snubbing
30 of the operator sitting in the seat-when operat
member to tend to even out these bumps.
ing the tractor or implement, and one of the
Since these operators often ?nd it convenient
convolutions of spring 9iL is engaged by head 9
and sometimes necessary to stand up while op
and securely clamped against plate member 6.
erating the tractor in the ?eld, a device to per
The slot 7 permits shifting the spring in a direc
mit folding the seat out of the way is desirable
to make more leg room. Then too, since these 35 tion to provide a change in leverage as related .
to pin or fulcrum 5,}in proportion to the weight
tractors stand out-doors so much and since the
of the operator on the seat 9, and it is contem
seats are bucket shaped, there is a tendency for
plated that in the event of a very light operator,
them to collect rain or snow and even dirt in
one of the springs 9a or 9'0 may be omitted.
their normal position. Therefore. this device to
' permit folding this seat rearwardly and in a par
1 tial vertical position accomplishes a useful pur
Other suitable or well-known means is con
templated for fastening spring 99' to plate 6.
at any time it is returnedto its operative posi
Plate 6 has a portion 98 extending upwardly and
rejoining bars 4-4 to brace portion 6 and make
tion.
this 'a rigid part of the seat support.
pose in keeping the 'seat clear and ready for use
.
,
These objects are successfully accomplished in
A stud l0 passing through the plate member
the invention here set forth and described,
wherein a satisfactory embodiment of the inven
tion is shown. However, it is to be understood
that the invention is not limited to the details
6 at an opening H and secured to frame I at
I2 is preferably provided with a ?exible snub
bing block or stop member l3 to check-the up
disclosed but includes all such variations and
event of full upward travel‘ of the seat caused
by extremely rough going or by other in?uences.
modi?cations as fall within the spirit of the in
vention as herein expressed.
Figure l is a side view with parts broken away
of the seat and its various members and support
ing parts as they appear on a tractor.
ward travel of the seat without shock, in the .
It may be set tight or loose by a nut l4 to suit
the operator's choice of upper position of the
seat for comfort and safety, and, within the con
55 templation of the invention, an additional spring
2,411,125
3
may be disposed about stud Ill if the operator is
unusually heavy.~
A seat pan I4a is securely held in place in‘ the
present instance on a seat saddle l5, as for ex
ample by a bolt I6, Fig. 3. A reinforcing piece I1
is preferably introduced between seat “Rand
seat saddle I5 for added strength to afford a
‘safety measure in making doubly sure that the .
seat and saddle are securely held together by
said bolt I6. Seat saddle I5 is of channel sec
4
In general, the proportion of links I8 and I9
and their locations for this result, are such that
link I8 is relatively long and inclined forwardly,
whereas link [9 is relatively short and inclined
forwardly at a substantially sharper angle than
link
l8.
-.
,
.
‘
It will, be noted that in this position or the seat,
there is considerably more room in front of the
seat than there is when the seat is "down” in
1o, its operative position. This gives increased room
tion as may be clearly seen in Figs. 3, 4 and 5.
on (the platform in case the operator prefers to
As above suggested, this seat pan assembly or
unit is so supported on support member 4—4 that
stand while operating. Furthermoreythe incli
nation‘ of the pan unit in the “up” position is
sufficient so that snow, rain or dirt will drain or
15 fall out of the pan when it is in this position
and not accumulate to constitute an annoyance ‘
ent instance, channel member I5 rests at its rear
when the seat is again to be used.
'
portion upon support member two as indicated
its location may be changed to provide for a
standing position of the operator. In the pres
Furthermore, it will be apparent that the
in Fig. 1 and is maintained in this position by
weight of an operator will tend to swing support
swinging links iii and i9. Link it connects the
forward portion of channel member 55 with sup 20 members 13-4 about pivot pin 5. This movement
will be resisted by spring 9'1 with a resilient force
port bars £i~§l at a point substantially below- and
‘ which will cushion the shocks of driving the
somewhat to the rear of the point of connection
tractor or implement over rough surfaces. By
of said link with channel I5. In the present in
loosening bolt B, it may be shifted in slot ‘I to
' stance, link it comprises a pair of bar or strip
members IB1i and I8b united at their mid por 25 gether with spring 9‘3 so that the lever arm from
pivot 5 may be adjusted to suit the Weight of the
tions by suitable means, as for instance rivets
operator customarily using the seat. Upward
20-40 and spread apart at their ends to provide
movement of supports 4-4, is resisted by the
a bifurcated effect. The resulting link I8 is piv
resilient stop I3 anchored- by stud or the like l0
oted to supporting bars 4-6 on a pin 2i which
and the position of which may be adjusted by
extends between bars 4—@ and in the'present ina
manipulation of nut I 4.
stance is united thereto, asfor example by weld
ing.
In this manner, pin 2I serves to brace bars
:l—4 and assist portion 9” in maintaining the de
The above being a complete description of an
illustrative embodiment of the invention, and
which is adapted to ‘accomplish the objects set
sired relation between the bars. At its other end,
link I8 is pivoted to channel I5 by means of a pin 35 forth above, what is claimed as new and desired
to be secured by Letters vPatent of the United
22 which, in the present instance, is suitably,
States is:
united with channel I5 as by welding.
1. A seat support comprising spaced bars in
'Link I9 is of slightly di?erent’construction ,
clined and pivotally connected to an implement
comprising in the present instance bar members
225 and 22b Fig. 5, united by a pin 23 ?xed for 40 or support, a plateinterposed between the bars
for bracing and providing a substantially hori
example by welding to the bar members 228 and
zontally extending portion having a part ex
22b and pivotally supported in support members
tending upwardly and rejoining the inclined bars,
4-5. Link I9 also engages a pin 24 extending
a. spring interposed between the implement and
across channel I5 and which pivotally connects
link I9 with the seat pan unit. Link I9 connects 45 said substantially horizontally extending portion,
for supporting it against downward swinging
a point substantially at the middle of channel I5
movement about said pivotal connection, means
with a point somewhat below and to the rear on
for adjusting said spring toward and away from
support member 4—4. It will now be apparent
said pivotal connection for varying the leverage
that the weight of an’ operator on seat pan unit
to suit the weight of an operator on said seat, a;
III21 will tend to cause clockwise rotation of the
seat pan unit as seen in Fig. 1 so that it will rest
stop engaging said horizontally extending portion
?rmly on the top_of support members 4—4.
The spaced apart position or members 4-4, to
gether with the bifurcated end of link I8, result
in a stable supporting action on pan M“. It will
to limit upward movement thereof, means for
anchoring said stop in desired position to deter
mine the altitude of the upper end of said seat
support, and said stop comprising a rubber cush-
also be apparent that‘lifting of pan unit HIa at
ioningelement to avoid shock upon reaching the
the back thereof will cause counterclockwise ro
upward limit of movement of said seat support
tation of the same with swinging of links I8 and
defined by said stop.
I9 about pivot pins Hand 23, respectively. The
2. A seat support comprising an inclined bar
60 pivotally connected to an implement or support,v
cation of pivot pins 22 and 24, together with the
and having a portion extending at an angle to
location of pivot pins 2i and 23 and also the lo
lengths of links I8 and I9, are so‘chosen that
this motion will, ?nally result in a position ‘of
seat pan Ida such as indicated by dotted lines in
said inclined bar, a spring interposed between the
implement or support and said extending portion
for sustaining it against downward swinging on
Fig. 1. At this point, link I8 will have folded 65 the pivot, means for adjusting said spring to
back against supports 4-4, while link I9 will
ward and away from said pivot for varying the
have rotated past a vertical position into a posi
leverage to suit the weight of an operator on
*tion inclined somewhat to the rear. The down
said seat, a stop engaging said extending portion
ward thrust of the weight of pan unit HIn then
to limit upward movement thereof, means for
causes a tendency in link I9 to continue this 70 anchoring said stop in desired position to deter
rearward swinging. movement but which move
mine the altitude of the upper end of said seat
ment is prevented by the abutment of link I8
supporting bar, and said stop comprising a
against supports 4~—4. For this reason, the seat I
cushioning element to avoid shock upon reaching
remains in the upward position indicated with- ‘
the upper limit of movement of said seat sup
out the use of detents, latches or the like.
75 porting bar de?ned by said stop.
animals
3. A seat construction including a seat pan
unit. a pair of spaced apart bars comprising a
support for said unit, said bars inclining upward
wardly oi the center or said unit, a relatively
long link connecting the front or said unit to
ly and backwardly from a point below and in
front of said seat pan unit, and lying substantial
link connecting a point rearwardly of the front
of said unit with a point on said support rear
, wardly and upwardly of the point of connection
of the other link with said support.
5. Aseat construction including a seat pan,
10 a saddle member substantially beneath the ion
gitudinal center‘of the seat panVand to which
‘said pan is rigidly attached, a bar comprising a
support for the seat, said bar inclining upwardly
and backwardly from a point below and in front
15 of said saddle, and lying substantially beneath
the longitudinal center portion of said saddle,
ly beneath the longitudinal center portion of
said unit, said support being spaced beneath said
unit at the front thereof, and in contact with
said unit at a point rearwardly of the center of
said unit, a relatively long bifurcated link con
‘ necting laterally spaced points on the front of
said unit to the spaced apart bars of said sup
port at a pivot point helow and to the rear of the
front portion of said unit, and a short link con
necting a point r'earwardly of
front of said
unit with point on said support
“worthy and
said her at a pivot point below and to the rear
of the front portion of said unit, and a short '
‘at of connection or“ the other I
said support being spaced beneath said saddle at
the front thereof and in contact with said saddle
at a point renrwardiy of the center thereof, a
relatively long link connecting the front of said
29
unit,
saddle to said her at a pivot point below and to
said her inches .0 " .»
,rdiy from
the rear of the front portion of said saddle, and
a. point below and in front of said at pan unit
a. short link connectins,r a. point rearwardly of
and lying substantially beneath the longitudinal
the front oi’ said saddle with a point on said bar
center portion of said unit, said support being
neerwardly and upwardly of the point of con- '
spaced beneath said unit at the front thereof
motion. of the other link with said vsupport.
1
HANS T. EORS.
and in contact with said unit at a point rear
seat
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