N0V~ 19, 1945- J. F. DE VILLARD 2,411,195 BOTTLE CARRIER lll r u „H v1.7,_ îßÄ. e fi„L Nov. 19, 1946., J. F. DE VILLARD BOTTLE CARRIER Filed Nov. 1e, :1940 2,411,195 2 Sheets~$heet 2 Patented Nov. 19, 1946 `UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,411,195 BOTTLE CARRIER Jean F. De Villard, Chicago, Ill., assignor, by mesne to Charles W. Stiefel, Jr., Chicago,assignments, Ill. Application'November 16, 1940, Serial No. 365,996 1 Claim. 1 (Cl. 224~45) 2 This invention relates to a bottle carrier of the type disclosed in my copending application, Serial No. 324,980, filed March 20, 1940, which involves a stamped sheet of blank cardboard, or cotton nbre with side braces cut therefrom. These stamped blanks are sold and stored in sheet form and when it is desired to use one, it is folded into shape and the cut braces are man -ually pulled out of their slots and directed out wardly. This operation involves time and labor; then sometimes the braces tend to spring back into their slots. Further, such carriers have not been suñîlciently reinforced in the past with the >result that in carelessly handling the same when loaded, they might fracture and cause the bot tle to drop upon the feet ofthe person carrying the load, and a damage suit would result. My new form of bottle carrier constitutes a notable improvement upon the prior carriers in that the, braces are cut and creased in such a manner that they automatically rise and assume proper positions when the blank is folded into a essary manual operation. Further the blank is reinforced in such a man-4 ner that it is not likely to tear and fracture and drop the contents when used in transporting a ` elevation of the braces. ` In referring now to the drawings which ‘illus trate a preferred form of this invention, it will be noted with reference to Fig. 7 that the carrier is formed from a substantially rectangular blank l which may be made of any suitable desired length in accordance with the height of the bot tles it is designed to support and which may be made of any suitable material such as Vcotton fibre. Along each side of the blank I there is a rein-` forcing lip or ñange 2 which is marked off from the main body of the blank by crease lines' 3. ends 4 spaced inwardly short distances from the ends of the blank. The lips or flanges Zare _sev ered at the points 5 for a purpose that willlater appear and they are provided with the V creases 6 a short distance beyond the cuts 5 for folding purposes during assembly. . In addition, the carrier is provided with inter locking parts to maintain the same in carrier form ’r after the blank has been folded up. illustrating in diagrammatic form the automatic These reinforcing flanges terminate in bevelled bottle carrier, thereby eliminating the usual nec load. Fig, 6 is a fragmentary sectional view taken upon the line VI-VI of Fig. 3; Fig. 7 is a plan view of the blank cut and creased and ready to be folded‘up to form the carrier shown in Figs. 1 and 2; and Fig. 8 is a sectional `view through the blank . i - The bottom portion or base 'I of the carrier is defined upon the blank I as existing between the crease lines 8. Spaced inwardly a short distance Further the sides of the carrier are `provided from each crease line 3, there is a cut or incision . with separate apertures which may be provided 9 which extends across the base ‘I of the blank and a short distance into the side portions I0. ' From the ends of each incision 9, there extend crease lines II which slope toward each other at angles of about 45° to the incision 9. These crease lines II extend from the incisions 9 to the crease line 3. It will be noted that the lips `2 are also creased Yin alignment with the crease 40 lines 8 as indicated at I2. From the crease lines I2, there extend crease lines I 3 which slope slight with flaps for receiving the necks of the bottles. With these and other features in view, the invention comprises the novel structure and comn bination of parts hereinafter described and more particularly pointed out and defined in the ap pended claim. ` In the accompanying drawings which illustrate a preferred form of this invention and in which similar reference numerals refer to similar fea tures in the different views: ly >toward each other as they pass over the braces M which, it will be noted, are defined by the Fig. 1 is a top plan view of a bottle carrier in volving this invention; 45 Fig. 2 is a sectional View taken upon the line II-II of Fig. 1 looking in the direction of the arrows and showing bottles in dotted lines; Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken upon the line Ill-III of Fig. 2 looking in the direction of the arrows; Fig. 4 is a fragmentary sectional View taken upon the line IV-IV of Fig. 2; Fig. 5 is a fragmentary sectional View,y taken upon the line V--V of Fig. 3; ' ` lines 3, 9 and Il. ‘ ` " These sloping crease lines I3, it will be noted, are inwardly offset from the bottom crease lines 8, and constitute offset breakers that are mainly instrumental in connection with the crease lines II to cause the braces I4 to automatically rise . upon crease lines 3 as hinges when the blank is folded into a carrier. o l At the upper ends of the parts I0 of the blank I that serve as the lower side portions of the carrier, there are spaced partially cut out strips I5. These strips I5 are so` cut out from the main 2,411,195 3 body of the blank, that their .sides are severed from the main body of the blank by the irregular cuts I6 and Il while the upper portions I8 and 4 portions are folded up about the crease lines 8 as axes, the teat y2Ib is then inserted in the slot 22 and the tongues 3| and 33 are inserted re spectively through the slots- 30 and 32 whereby the lower portions I9 are not severed from the the parts will take the positions shown in Figs. blank. The strips I5 are thus hinged at their 1 to 3, the connecting strips I5 and 35 assuming upper and lower ends. substantially a horizontal position. Between each =pair of strips or connectors I5 It is an important feature of vthis invention and at the lower ends thereof there is an incision that when the side portions IIJ> turn or bend 2l] which causes that portion between the strips upwardly with reference to the crease lines 8 as I5 to become iiaps. The flap at one end is des 10 shown in Fig. 8, the braces I4 will be automat ignated 2I, while the flap at the other end is` designated 2Ia. The flap 2| is formed with a loc-king slot 22 for receiving .a teat 2 Ib on the ñap y2 l a to fasten the sides together. Flaps 23 are also yformed adjacentY the outer 15 `edges of the connectors I5 by incisions 24 and 25. The incisions 2‘4 are in alignment with the in cisions 2l! while the incisions 25 extend parallel to the crease lines 3 and spaced a short distance inwardly therefrom. The incisions 25 extend 20 downwardly a short distance below the incision 24 and converging crease lines 26 extend there from to the crease lines 3 for folding purposes. One of the crease lines 26 upon each edge of the blank extends from- the lower end of the incision 25 25. ically elevated into substantially vertical posi tions as shown in Fig, 3. In their elevating movements, the braces I4 will turn upon the crease or border lines 3 as axes. For it will be evident 'that as the lower Side portions I0 are folded up, the braces I4 cannot fold upon the lines 8 but there will be a tendency to shorten them by the pressure at each end. Ordinarily this pressure would cause the same to bow in one or the other direction, but due to the offset break er creases I3, the portion between such creases I3 will move toward theirV end of the carrier._ » To make it a little plainer, it will be evident that as the crease lines il are brought closer together as the sides of the carrier are folded up,v the pressure exerted against the ends of ,the ' When the blank is folded up into carrier form braces I4 will cause the braces I4 »to spring up as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the naps 2l and 23 and outwardly due to the offsetcrease lines I3. form three apertures through which the bottles In other words, the braces I4 Vrespond to the are adapted to be inserted Vinto the container. 30 movements of the side portions I0 with respect These apertures are clearly shown in Fig. 1 and to the bottom 1. When the sides are folded up are designated 21, 28, and 29; the carrier being „the braces i4 pop up and outwardlyA and they designed in the present instance to carry siX bot recede when the sidesl are- lowered. Thus, the tles, three on` each side. The curved lobes I5@ yon the strips or connectors I5 serve as bendable filler members for bearing against the upper por tions of the bottles. Of course, when the blank `is folded into carrier form, the naps 2l, 2Ia and> 23 will move inwardly out of the plane ofr the movement of the sides controls the braces I4 and this automatic action of the braces I4 eliminates the tedious manual operations that were hereto fore required in such carriers. It will also be evident that the reinforcing lip or flange 2 greatly increases the strength ofthe car rier. The free portions of thev flanges 2 contig uous to or under the braces I4 also form the sup port for such braces and allow the same to be brought clear to the outer side edges of the car blank and assume vertical positions as shown in Figs. l and 2.` Inthis operation, the teat 2lb can be inserted in the locking slot 22 to fasten the upper neck parts of the carrier together. I VFor further fastening the upper parts of the rier; and atv the same time, they prevent the carrier together, the handle aperture 30 is adapt 45 ñanges I4 from flipping downward 'and'. assist in ed to receive a locking flap or tongue 3I cut from the other side of the carrier as is well known in ¿the art.l For further security, a second slot 32 >is formed> beneath the slot 3E) for receiving a’ the upward flipping action thereof. ' ' When the carrier is ready for loading, the' bot tles can be placed, in the pockets one at atime or several can be simultaneously placed therein,‘s`o tongue-33 cut from the opposite side of the car 50 the loading can‘be expedited over certain car rier. vThus the upper parts of the carrier are riers now in use. adapted to be securely fastened together. ' Y To complete the blank so that it is ready for use, the lips 2 are folded over upon the back or » » I am aware that numerous changesmayî'be made and various details of construction may be varied without departing from the principles of 55 outer edge portions of the blank and portions this invention, and AI do not propose limiting the glued thereto. rIt might be mentioned that the patent granted otherwise than necessitated ‘by` portions of the lips 2 above or beyond the upper the prior art and appended claim. creases ‘6 are secured or glued to the reverse Side cf theblank, and the parts between the inci sionsv 5 and the creases I2 are also glued or se -cured to the reverse side of the blank. The por I claim as my invention: 60 Y » i « l ' In a bottle carrier formed from a blank made from cardboard‘or like material to afford, when ' erected, a bottom wall, side walls joined along tions of the lips 2- between the incisions 5 and fold lines to opposite side edges of said bottom> creases 6 are free. It will be noted that cuts 34 wall, bottle receiving sections joined along fold extend from the incisions 25 to the apices of the 65 lines to the upper edges of the respective `side creases E whereby the portions 35 which are par walls, a handle section joined along fold- lines to tially cut from the blank by the incisions 25 and the other edges of the two bottle receiving sec 34 cooperate with the adjacent part'of the lip 2 tions so as to project upwardly therefrom, bottle to form a connection between the side portions IB retaining end walls formed from the material andy the handle 'portions of the blank. At the of said> bottom wall adjacent to the last rnen same time, these connecting strips 35 form the tionedl fold lines, and bellows fold means joining outer walls of the bottle apertures 27 and 29, as opposite ends of said bottle retaining walls tothe shown ‘in Fig. l. Due to the cuts 34 and the opposite side walls to maintain said ‘retaining creases 26, the flaps 35 will fold upright when >walls in upright positions when said carrier is in use, as shown in Fig.Y 1. erected> andl to effect erecting movementfof said In forming the blank into a carrier, the side 75. 2,411,195 retaining end Walls when in the course of erection of said carrier said side walls are bent up- against the outer faces of the Walls to which they are joined, and the naps joined to said end walls wardly With relation to said bottom Wall, reen- alfording supporting strips substantially in the forcing Iiaps joined along fold lines to the oppoplane of said bottom wall and supported in part side end edges of said side walls and to said re- 5 by said retaining end Walls when said retaining taining end walls, the flaps joined to said side end Walls are in their upright positions. Walls being folded .along said fold lines to lie flat JEAN F. DE VILLARD.