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Nov; 19, 1946.
(5_ s_ BECKMAN
Original Filed July 2, 1941
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Patented Nov. 1-9, 1946
2,411,242 ; r
eonnm-mnn'm'rme DEVICE FOR
wmnmo mcnmns
GnstaiI S. Beckman, Cranston, It. I., assignor to
Universal Winding Company, Boston, Mass, a
corporation of Massachusetts
‘ Original application July 2, 1941, Serial No.
400,870, now Patent No. 2,393,973, dated Febru
ary 5, 1946. Divided and this application April
10, 1944, Serial No. 530,407
8 Claims.
(Cl. 242—1)
This application is a division of application,
Serial No. 400,870, filed July 2, 1941, now Patent
No. 2,393,973.
- '
Most mills handle more than one count of
yarn at the same time and as the counts must
The present invention relates to winding ma
chines for winding yarn, threadv and similar
textile materials into packages such as cops, bob
bins, pirns and the like. More speci?cally, the
invention consists in means for automatically
applying identi?cation marks to the wound bob
In the present specification and claims the
be kept separate it is an object oi.’ the present
invention to provide automatically-operated
means for marking the bobbins as they are de
livered from the machine with one or more dis
tinguishing colors to prevent mixed counts from
being woven in the loom; and iurther, to trace
the steps in the processing of the yarn in dif
ferent departments of the mill to correct defects
or de?ciencies in its manufacture.
term “yam” is employed to indicate all kinds of
attenuated material and the term “bobbin” is
Another object or the invention is to provide
bobbin-identifying means which may be em
used to designatevthe wound package whatever
ployed as an attachment on winding machines
its form or character.
15 in which the bobbins are do?ed either manually
It is a common practice in textile mills to
or automatically upon completion or the wind- ‘
identify ?lling yarn by marking the bobbins
with crayon or chalk to indicate different types
and counts of the yarn and also to identify the
machine or department in which the yarn is
processed or handled. Usually, the operator oi.’
the machine marks the yarn on the bobbin by
Another object of the invention is to provide
a device which may be applied to winding ma
chines to mark the bobbins produced therein with
diiferent colors applied thereto.
Another object of the invention is to provide
means for marking the bobbins with different
colored chalk or crayons after they have been
doffed from the machine and during ‘their de
drawing a piece of chalk or crayon over the sur
face of the bobbin, but this operation has cer
tain disadvantages as it is liable to cause the
chalk dust to in?ltrate into the mechanism of
the machine to interfere with its proper func
‘ livery therefrom.
Further objects of the invention are set forth
in the following speci?cation which describes a
The practice of marking the bobbins as now
preferred form of construction of automatic bob
generally used is for the purpose of preventing 30 bin-identifying means as illustrated by the ee
mixed counts of ?lling yarn going to the same
companying drawings. In the drawings: ‘
loom and becoming incorporated in the fabric.
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a sane wind
In such case the di?’erence in the size or count
me’ machine Showing the bobbin-receiving chutes
of the ?lling does not become evident until the
for Several Winding heads and illustrating 8- 00n
cloth is woven and therefore it results in spoil- 35 veyer belt for transferring the bobbins from the
age or seconds in the product of the mill. When
chutes to a marking device at one end of ‘the ma
the bobbins are properly marked the weaver can
discover if mixed yarn is furnished to the weave
room and place the responsibility in the wind-
Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the essential mech
anism of a bobbin-winder showing the relation
ing room or other department of the mill where 40 of the winding bobbin to the chute through
the yarn was processed or handled, In other inwhich it is delivered to the conveyor belt to be
stances, by applying several distinguishing marks
transported past the marking device
to the yarn on the bobbin its progress from the
While the present invention may be applied to
source can be followed and when poor or imperuse with either manually-operated or automatic
fect bobbins reach the weave room they can be 45 winding machines, it iS herein described and
traced to the machine in which they were wound
illustrated in connection with a machine of the
or to the department in which the yarn was
type disclosed in United States Letters Patents
In some cases ' different types or
counts of yarn are wound'on different spindles
‘ '
No. 2,257,651, dated September 30, 1941, and No.
2,302,715, dated November 24; 1942.
The ma
of the same machine. and the bobbins may become 50 chines illustrated in these prior patents are com
mixed through carelessness of the operator, as
pletely automatic for donning empty cores or
by the dropping of bobbins on the floor‘ or by
yarn-carriers, winding the yarn thereon, and
incomplete emptying of the collecting boxes for
do?ing the bobbins as they are completed. It is
one type of yarn before bobbins of another type
desirable that machines of this type
are placed therein.
55 shall be further adapted. for marking the bobbins
2,411,242 a
automatically to identify them after they have
been delivered therefrom. On the other hand,
winding operation. The {automatically-Operated
it is to be understood that the present inven- .
tion is not limited to use with automatic wind
mechanism for performing these functions is de
scribed in the prior patents before mentioned and
ing machines, but may be applied to other types
is not referred to speci?cally herein as it forms
no part of the present invention. Sufiice it to
state that as the wolmd bobbin B is doifed by re
leasing it from the driven winding spindle 2, it
drops by gravity into a chute 23, Fig. 1, arrang
of winders for marking the bobbins as they are
do?ed manually.
Referring to the drawings, the frame or cas
in: of the winding machine is indicated ‘at 2 and '
projecting from bearings therein is a rotary wind
ing spindle 3 at the end of which is a cup-shaped
member 4 for receiving the head h of a wooden
core or bobbin D such as used in automatic ?ll
The wound bobbins may be marked with sev
eral different colors, for example red, yellow and
green, to indicate the size or‘ 001111‘; of the yarn‘
and other particulars such as the department in
ing-changing looms. The opposite or tip end of
the bobbin b is held in a similar recessed mem 15 which the yarn was spun or processed, or in other
cases the particular machine in which the bob
ber I on a spindle 8 mounted free to rotate in
bins were wound. The colored markings remain
a bearing sleeve ‘I supported by a suitable bracket
on the yarn when it is woven into the cloth, but »
8 attached to the side of the machine frame 2.
when the fabric is later processed or finished,
In the type of machine herein illustrated the
yarn y is wound on the core or wooden bobbin b 20 the color, being fugitive, will disappear on treat
by means of a thread-guide III which has a rela
ment with water or other liquids.
The present drawings illustrate a device for ap
is progressively advanced longitudinally thereof , plying identi?catiomindicia to the bobbins by the
use of crayons. With this form of construction
to deposit the yarn’in courses of cross-wound coils
_ which overlap at their forward ends. In this way 25 of the invention the bobbins .are discharged
tive traversing motionaxially of the bobbin and
through the chutes 23 onto a traveling endless
conveyor belt 25 extending longitudinally of the
gang machine beneath the’ plurality of winding
units or heads indicated by the reference char
the bobbin grows by longitudinal extension, being
formed with a conical base, a cylindrical body
portion and a tapered or conical tip end. -
- The thread-guide i0 is carried on a reciproca
ble traverse-rod 15 mounted to slide longitudi 30 acter 26. The conveyor belt 25 is traveled in the
direction indicated by the arrow in Fig. 1_by
nally in a bearing in the frame or casing 2. The
means of pulleys 21 supported from the legs 28
traverse-rod i5 is reciprocated longitudinally in
of the machine and driven by suitable means, not
its hearing by a suitable cam or similar means en
closed within the frame or casing 2 of the ma.
' chine, but not‘ herein illustrated as such travers
herein shown.’ Extending laterally of the belt
35 25 are a series of projecting ribs or battens 29
ing mechanism is well known to those versed in
the art. -The yarn y delivers from its source of
supply, supported above the machine but not
adapted to engage the sides of the‘ bobbins as
they drop out from the chutes 23 to carry them
,along and discharge them into a box or other re
ceptacle 30 at one end of the machine. Arranged
an eyelet I‘! in the thread-guide ll. Connected 40 above‘the belt 25 adiacent one end thereof are
a seriesof crayon-holders 3i pivoted on a bracket
» to the thread-guide Ill is a rotatable contact-disk
32 and held in vertical position by means of a
or traverse-wheel 20 mounted on a sleeve-like
spring 33. As the bobbins B are carried along by
nut 2| which is interiorly threaded to engage the
screw-threads 22 on the traverse-rod l5. It will
engagement with the battens 29 on the belt 25
'be understood that, the thread-guide i0 is posi
they pass under the crayons 3'4 held in the hold
_ tioned adjacent the rearward or butt end of the
ers 3i and rock the latter into the position indi
herein shown, and feeds to the bobbin through
yam-carrier or wooden bobbin 1) at the start
cated by dotted lines in Fig. 1, thereby causing
of, the winding and the traverse-wheel 20 is so
related thereto that each time the guide makes
the crayons to mark identifying colors upon the
yarn on the bobbins. After the bobbins have
been marked in this manner they are discharged
a return stroke to the left, as viewed .in Fig. 2, -
the periphery of the wheel will contact the yarn
wound on the bobbin to turn the nut 2i through
a part of a rotation to feed the guide forward to
a slight extent along the traverse-rod l5. This
method of advancing the layers of winding along
the bobbin by the intermittent feed of the thread;
guide is illustrated and'described in the prior pat
ents referred to above and is well known to those
versed in the art.
into the box 30 to be transported to the weave - room or other department of the mill.
It will be observed from the foregoing speci?
cation that the‘ presentinvention provides means
for applying identifying. indicia to the yarn on
?lling bobbins or other forms of packages
whereby to indicate the character of the yarn
and its source of manufacture. While the de
vice is herein shown as embodied in‘ a preferred
At the completion of the bobbin the thread 60 form of construction, it is to be understood that
guide ill will be positioned at the forward or tip
various modi?cations may be- made in the struc
ture and arrangement of the parts of the device‘
end of the bobbin when at the furthermcst limit
and the manner of applying itvto use without de
of its forward stroke and at this point the guide,
parting from the spirit or scope of the invention.
or a part connected therewith, engages a stop or
abutment to move the latter to cause actuation 65 Therefore, without.v
myself in this re
of the stopping mechanism of the machine; this
mechanism being employed generally in machines
which require manual do?lng and donning. In
automatic machines such as described in the pat.
spect, I claim:
1. In a winding machine, the combination with
a. plurality of winding
of an endless con
veyor arranged therebelow, means for traveling '
70 the conveyor in a horizontal- path to adapt it to
receive packages of yarn dolled from the. winding
units, and means adjacentv the conveyor for con
core or yarn-carrier, severing the yarn from the
tacting the packages as: they are traveled there
dotted bobbin, attaching the end of the yarn to
by‘ to mark the yarn on the packages with identi
_ ents referred to"above, the completion of the bob
bin effects initiation of the operation of means
for doi?ng the wound bobbin, donning an empty
the empty carrier, returning the thread-guide to
fying indicia.
2. In a winding machine, the combination
with a plurality of winding units arranged in
therefrom, and means adjacent the conveyor‘
means for contacting the packages during their
series, of an endless conveyor arranged below ‘
the winding units, means for traveling the con
veyor in a substantially horizontal path, means
on the conveyor engageable with the wound
bobbins to transport the latter ‘and discharge '
them at the end of the machine, and means for '
contacting the bobbins as they are discharged
from the conveyor to mark the yarn with identi 10
transport thereby to mark them ‘with identify
fying indicia.
ing indicia.
6. In a winding machine. means for doil‘lng
wound packages therefrom, means for convey
ing the packages to transport them from the
winding means, and means adjacent the con
veyor means for contacting the packages as they
are transported thereby to mark them with
identifying indicia.
3. In a winding machine, the combination
with a plurality of winding units, of an endless
conveyor, means for traveling the conveyor rela
7. In a winding machine, the combination, of
a plurality of winding units, an endless con»
veyor, means for traveling the conveyor rela
tlvely of the several winding units to adapt it to ,15 tively of the several winding units to adapt it to
receive bobbins doifed therefrom, and‘a mark
receive bobbins doil'ed therefrom, means on the
ing device at one end of the machine having
conveyor for engaging the bobbins to travel them
means‘engageable with the bobbins to mark the
therewith, and a marking device at one end of
yarn thereon with identifying indicia as the
the machine having means for contacting the
bobbins are carried past the marking device.
20 bobbins to apply identifying indicia thereto as
4. In combination with a machine for wind
ing yarn packages, a chute for receiving pack
ages dniIed from the machine, conveyor means '
arranged below the chute, means for operating
the conveyor to transport the packages received
from the chute and remove them from the ma
chine, and means adjacent the conveyor means
for contacting the packages as they are trans
the bobbins are traveled by the conveyor.
8. In a winding machine, the combination of
a plurality of winding units, a plurality of chutes
for receiving bobbins do?'ed vfrom the winding
units, means for do?lng the bobbins to adapt
them to descend through the chutes, va traveling
conveyor arranged beneath the chutes, means
for traveling said conveyor past the several
ported thereby to mark them with identifying
chutes to adapt it to receive bobbins delivered
30 therefrom. and a marking device at one end of
5. In combination with a winding machine
comprising a plurality of winding units, a chute
adjacent each unit for receiving packages doffed
therefrom, conveyor means extending below the
the machine'having means for. contacting the
bobbins as they‘ are traveled by the conveyor to
' mark them with identifying indicia.
chutes for receiving the packages discharged 35 .
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