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Nov. 19, 1946.
Original Filed ‘April 10, 1944
2,41 1,243
atentedl Nov. ligtvlgd?
sonsmnnanrnurmc nnvrcs iron
Gustaf S. Eastman‘, ‘Cranstcn, R. 1.,‘ asslgnor to
. 'i'l‘niversaiwinding Company; Boston, Mass, a
- corpcticn of Massachusetts
_ @riginal' applicants asrii 10, 1944, Serial No.
.sscnea Divided and this application June 21,
gig, §€Ki§tg No. 6003M; lin Great Britain July
7 Claims. (or; 242-71)
This application is a division of application;
Serial No. 530,407, ?led April 10, 1944.‘
to provide automatically operated means for
' marking the bobbins in the winding machine with
The present invention relates to winding ma
chines for winding yarn, thread’ and similar tex
tile materials into packages such as cops, bobbins,
pirns and the like. ‘More speci?cally, the inven
tion consists in means for automatically apply
ing identi?cation marks to the wound bobbins in
the machine before they aredo?‘ed therefrom.
one or more distinguishing colors‘ to prevent
mixed counts from being woven in the loom; and
further; to trace the steps in the processing of
the yarn indifferent departments of the mill’ Y
to correct defects or, de?ciencies in its manufac7
Another object of'the invention is to provide
In the present " speci?cation and claims the
bobbin-identifying means which may be employed
term f‘yarn” is employed to indicate all kinds
as an attachment on winding machines in which .
' of attenuated material and the term “bobbin” is
the bobbins are dolled either manually or auto
used to designate the wound package whatever
matically upon completion of the winding.
its form or character.’
Another object ‘of the‘ invention is to provide
It is a common practice in textile mills to~ 15
means incorporated in‘ an automatic winding
' identify ?lling yarn by marking the bobbins with
machine for marking the bobbins with identifying a
crayon or chalkto indicate different types and
at the completion of the vwinding before
counts of the yarn and also to identify the ma
' they are de?ed from the machine.
chine or department in which the yarn is
processed or handled. Usually, the operator of
the machine marks the yarn on the ‘bobbin by
drawing a piece of chalk or crayon over the sur
different colors applied by means fed from reser
voirs containing fugitive ink or dye liquid.
Further objects of the invention are set forth
in the following speci?cation-which describes
one form of construction of automatic bobbin
identifying means as illustrated by the accom
The practice of marking the bobbins as now
‘ generally used is for the purpose of preventing
mixed counts of ?lling yarn going to the same
loom and becoming incorporated in the fabric.
panying drawing.
Fig. 1 is a side elevation of the-essential mecha
nism of a_ bobbin~wlnder showing means for
marking the yarn on the bobbin by traversing
stylographic-marking devices along its side with
electrically-controlled means for operating the
35 i
Fig. 2,}is an enlarged end-view of the bobbin
room and place‘ the responsibility in the winding
to the yarn on the bobbin its progress from the
source can be followed and when poor or imperfect
bobbins reach the weave room they can be traced»
to the machine in which they were wound or to
In the-drawing:
room or other department of the mill where the
yarn was pr'ocessed'or handled. In other in
stances, by applying several distinguishing marks
a device which may be applied to winding ma
chines to mark'the bobbins produced: therein with
face of the bobbin, but this operation has certain
as it is liable to cause the chalk
dust'to in trate into the mechanism of the.
machine to interfere with its proper functioning.
In such case the difference in the size or count
of the ?lling does not become evident until the
cloth is woven and therefore it results in spoilage
or‘ seconds in the product of the mill. When
the bobbins are properly marked the weaver can
discover if mixed yarn is furnished to the weave
- a Another‘ object_ of the invention is‘ to provide
showing“ the series of styli or feeding means for
1 the dye liquid; and
Fig. 3 is an enlarged plan view ofa portion of
the device showing the movable slide or. element
which traverses the marking device along the
side of the bobbin as it is held in connection with
the winding spindle.
the department in which the yarn was processed. 45 useWhile
with the
invention may beapplied
or automatic
to '
winding machines, it is herein described and illus
are wound on di?'erent spindles of the same ma
trated in connection with. a'machine of the type
chine and the bobbins may become mixed through
disclosed in United States Letters Patent No.
carelessness of the operator, as by the dropping of
In some cases different types or counts of yarn
bobbins on thez?oor or by incomplete emptying 50 2,257,651, dated September 30, 1941, and No.
2,302,715, dated November 24, 1942. The .ma
of the collecting boxes for one type of yarn before
chines illustrated in these prior patents are com
bobbins of another type are placed therein.
Most mills handle‘more than one count of yarn
at‘the same time andlas the counts must be kept
separate it is an object of the present invention
pletely automatic for donning empty cores or
yarn-carriers, winding the yarn thereon, and
dof?ng the bobbins as they are completed. It is
therefore desirable that machines of this type
hem vafter they have
- automatically to identify
doifed bobbin, attaching the end of the yarn to
~ the empw curlers returning the thread-guide to
initial winding position, and again starting the
vshall be further adapted for marking the bobbins
been delivered therefrom. On the‘ other hand,
winding operation. The automatically-operated
it is to be understood‘ that the present invention
mechanism for performing these functions is de
- is not limited to use with automatic winding ma
scribed in the prior patents before mentioned and
chines, but may be applied to other types. of
, is not referred to specifically herein as it forms
no part of the present invention.
winders for marking the bobblns'before they are
The wound bobbins may be marked with sev
di?erent colors, for example red, yellow and '
or casing of the winding machine is indicated at 10 eral
green, to indicate the size or count of the yarn
2 and. projecting ‘from bearings therein is a re
and other particulars such as the department in
tary winding spindle 8 at the end of which is a
which the yarn was spun or processed, or in other
cup-shaped member I for receiving the head h of
cases the particular machine in which the bob
a wooden core or bobbin 1) such as used in auto
bins were wound. The colored markings remain
matic ?lling-changms
- on the yarn when it is woven into the cloth, but ‘
tip end of the bobbin b is held in a similar re
when the‘ fabric is later processed or finished, the
' Referring to the drawing, in Fig. 1 the frame
' cessed member 5 on a spindle 8 mounted free to
dye, being fugitive, will disappear on treatment
rotate in‘ a bearing sleeve 1 supported by a suit
with water or other liquids.
able bracket, not herein shown, attached to the
Figs. 1 to 3, inclusive, illustrate automatically
side ofvthe machine frame 2. In the type of ma 20voperated mechanism for applying identification
chine herein illustrated the yarn 1! is wound on the core or wooden bobbin b by means of a
‘ thread-guide it which has a relative traversing
motion axially of the bobbin and is progressively
indicia to the bobbins before they are doifed or
removed from the winding spindles,’ this mech
anism comprising a‘ sliding or traveling element
carrying the marking device and means for
advanced longitudinally thereof to deposit the 25 for
traversing it longitudinally of the bobbin to ap
in courses of cross-wound coils which over- ,
lap at their forward ends. In this way the bob
bin grows by longitudinal extension, being formed
with a conical'base, a cylindrical body portion
and a tapered or conical tip end.
ply the indicia thereto.‘ Referring to U. 8. Pat
ent No. 2,302,715, mentioned above, the movable
yarn-retriever described and illustrated therein
80 provides a convenient means for moving the
The thread-guide I0 is carried on a reciproca
ble traverse-rod I! mounted to slide longitudi
nally in a bearing in the frame or casing 2. The
marking device along the length of the bobbin.
1n the machine of this patent the yarn-retriever
35, shown in thepresent drawings, is slidable
along a rod 38 and provided with a double
its bearing by a suitable cam or similar means 35 pronged hook 81 which passes in under the ~
thread-guide it when the latter is at the tip end ‘
enclosed within the frame or casing 2 of the
of the bobbin to take a loop of the yarn 1/ ‘there
machine, but not herein illustrated as- such trav
from and carry it back toward the spindle-cup .
ersing mechanism is well known to those versed
4 to place it thereacross for attachment to an
in the art. The yarn‘y delivers from its source
empty bobbin when the latter is donned.
of supply, supported above the machine but not
The yarn-retriever 35 is actuated at the com
herein shown, and feeds to the bobbin through an
pletion of winding a bobbin B to cause it'to he
eyelet I‘! in the thread-guide ill. Cgonnected to
traverse-rod it is reciprocated longitudinally in
‘slid along the rod 36 from the position shown by
full lines to‘that indicated by dash lines in‘ Fig. 1.
or traverse-wheel 20 mounted on a sleeve-like
means for actuating the yarn-retriever may
nut 2| which is interiorly threaded to engage the 45, The
comprise a series of levers operated by an electro
screw-threads 22 on the traverse-rod It. It will
magnet 38. Pivoted at as to a bracket 40 sup
be understood that the thread-guide III is po
ported from the machine frame 2 is a lever 4| .
.‘ sitioned adjacent the rearward or‘ butt end of
having its lower end connected to the yarn
the thread-guide ‘i0 is a rotatable contact-disk
the yam-carrier or wooden bobbin b at the start
of the winding and the traverse-wheel 20 is so 50 retriever or slide 35 by means of a slot 42 en
gaged by a pin or stud 43 fastened to the slide.
related thereto that each time the guide makes
A link 46 pivotally connected to the lever H at
a return stroke to the left, as viewed in Fig. 1,
the periphery of the wheel will contact the yarn ‘ one end is similarly joined at its opposite end to
_' wound on the bobbin to turn the nut 2| through '
a part of a rotation to feed the guide forward
to a slight extent along the traverse-rod ‘ll. This
' method of advancin the layers of winding along
the bobbin by the in ermittent feed of the thread
guide is illustrated and described in the prior
‘ patents referred to above and is well known to
those versed in the art.
At the completion of the bobbin the. thread
guide It will be positioned at the forward or tip‘
end of the bobbin when at the furthermost limit
of its forward stroke and at this point the guide,
a bell-crank lever 48 ‘pivoted at 41 on the bracket
MI. The lower arm ll of the bell-crank 48: is
connected by a ‘link .42 to a second bell-‘crank ill
therebelow pivoted at ii on ‘a fixed support
represented at 8 in Fig. 1 of the drawing. The
upper ‘arm of the bell-crank 50 is pivotally con
nected to a link "52 which is similarly joined to
the endof a plunger-armature 55 which is slid
able by energization of the electromagnet 38.
A helical spring 56 fastened to theupper arm
of the bell-crank 50, at one end and anchored
at 51V to the machine frame! normally tends to
maintain the bell-crank 50 in the position
or a. part connected therewith, engages a stop
or abutment to move the latter to cause actuation __ illustrated in' Fig. 1 with the bell-crank 48
rocked to hold the yarn-retriever or ‘slide 35
outwardly beyond the end of the winding bobbin
which require manual do?ing and donning. In 70 B. In the machine ofthe prior Patent Noi
2,302,715 the electromagnet or solenoid 38' is
automatic machines such as described in the pat>
energized by the closing of a switch which is
ents referred to above, the completion of the
operated automatically upon‘ completion .of the
bobbin e?ects initiation of the operation of means
winding of the bobbin; suitable means for. this
‘for do?ing \the wound bobbin, donning an empty
purpose being illustrated and described in said
core or yarn-carrier, severing the yarn from the
of the stopping mechanism of the machine; this
mechanism being employed generally in machines
patent. Upon energization of the solenoid 38,
its armature 55 is attracted to draw it to the
right, as viewed in ‘Fig. 1, thereby causing the
bell-crank 50 to beoperated to slide the-link 49
upwardly and rock the bell-crank 46 in counter
- clockwise direction. The lever 46 is thus caused
to move the link 45 to rock the lever 41 and slide
- the yarn-retriever 35 from the position illustrated
in full lines to that indicated by dash lines in
marking means. Likewise, the vials containing '
the marking liquid might be dispensed with and
chalk or crayons employed in their place.
It will be observed from the foregoing speci?
cation that the present invention provides means
for applying identifying indicia to the yarn on
?lling bobbins or other forms of packages where
by to indicate the character of the yarn and its
source of manufacture. While the device is here
10 in shown as embodied in a preferred form of
The yarn-retriever or movable element 35 is
construction, it is to be understood that various
employed as a means for marking the bobbin
modi?cations may be made in the structure and
.by forming it with or attaching a part thereto
arrangement of the parts of the device and the
constructed as a support for a plurality of styli
manner of applying it to‘ use without departing
or similar devices for applying colored indicia
from the spirit or scope of the invention. There
to the yarn on the bobbin B. As shown in Figs.
fore, without limiting myself in this respect, I
1, 2 and 3, an angular bracket or support 60 is
attached to‘ the rearward side of the hook 31
means for
carried by the retriever or slide 35 by means of
packaging yarn on the machine, an ‘element mov
screws 62 to serve as a support for a plurality of
vials 63 adapted to contain the fugitive ink or 20 able longitudinally of the package, and means car
ried by said element and adapted to contact the
dye liquid f. The vials 63 are clamped to the
yarn on the package to apply identifying indicia
bracket 60 by means of a ?uted strap 64 fastened
thereto by screws 65, as shown most clearly in
2. In a winding machine, the combination of
Fig. l, in position one above another with their
means for winding a bobbin, a marking device,
mouths or openings upright, see Fig. 2.- Each
and means for e?‘ecting'relative movement be
stylus has a small tubular nozzle 66 projecting,
‘ tween the marking device and bobbin longitudi
forwardly therefrom with one end dipping into
nally of the latter to cause the marking device to
the liquid f and its opposite‘ end arranged in
position to contact the side of the bobbin B, 30 contact the yarn on the bobbin to apply identify
ing indicia thereto.
whereby capillary attraction will cause the ink
'3. In a winding machine, the combination of
or liquid dye to feed through the nozzle and be
Fig. 1.
means for winding yarn on a, bobbin, a member
applied to the yarn on the bobbin as the yarn
retrieveror slide 35 is moved longitudinally of
the. bobbin to the position indicated by dash
lines in Fig. 1.
The method of operation of the present em
slidable longitudinally of the bobbin, means op
erated automatically upon completion of the bob
bin to slide said member, and means carried by
said member for contacting the yarn on the bob
bin to apply identifying indicia thereto.
bodiment of the invention is explained as fol
4. In a winding machine, the combination of
lows: At the completion of winding the bobbin
B the solenoid 38 is energized through the means 40 means for winding a bobbin, a member slidable
longitudinally of the bobbin, means for sliding
of an automatically-operated switch in the
said member upon completion of the bobbin, vand
electrical circuit to cause its armature 55 to op
a vial carried by said member and adapted to con
erate through the link 52, bell-crank 50, link
tain marking liquid, said vial having means com
49, bell-crank 46 and link '45 to rock the lever 4|
municating with the ?uid therein and adapted to
and slide the yarn-retriever 35 toward the left.
At this juncture the thread-guide I0 is at the 4-3 contact the yarn on the bobbin to mark the latter
with identifying indicia.
- outer or ?nishing end of the bobbin B, as shown
in Fig. 1, and the hook 31 on the yarn-retriever
5. In a winding machine, the combination of
the bobbin B the nozzles 66 make contact with
the-yarn thereon to apply a series of colored‘
mark the same with identifying indicia, and elec
trically-operated means for moving said member.
marking the yarn on the bobbin before it is re
moved from the machine is shown in connection
necting s‘aid electromagnet to move said member
means for winding a bobbin, a member movable
will he slid under the guide to cause it to engage
relatively of the bobbin, means carried by said
the yarn y and extend a loop toward the .left.
As the yarn-retriever 35 slides along the side of 50 member for contacting the yarn on the bobbin to
'6. In a winding machine, the combination of
lines or markings thereto. After this operation
means for winding a bobbin, a member movable
has been completed the spindle-cup 4 is with
drawn to release the bobbin to vdoff it from the ‘FR-“relatively of the wound bobbin, means carried by
said member, for marking indicia on the yarn on
the bobbin, an electro-magnet, and means con
While this automatically-operated means for
with the electrically-actuated yarn-retriever dis
to cause the marking means to contact the yarn
60 On the
7. In a winding machine, the combination of
closed in the patent last referred to, it is to be means for winding a package of yarn, a member
understood‘ that the invention is not limited to
movable relatively of the package, a plurality of ‘
this form of construction of. the device as the
vials containing marking liquid, means for mount
marking device might be embodied in any mov
able part of the winding machine and actuated 65 ing said vials on the movable member, and means
communicating with the liquid in the vials and
either manually or automatically before the
4 adapted to contact the side of the package to
bobbin is do?'ed, either manually or auto
apply identifying indicia thereto as the member
matically, the only requirement being to provide
relative movement between the bobbin and the 70
moves longitudinally of the package.
eosrar- s. BEcmmN. _
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