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Nov. 19, 1946.
M. L. FINMAN
2,411,252
BEAUTICIAN’ s COMB
Filed Aug. 13, 1945
Inven'tor;
jMar'ian L.F‘inman..
.35 £4
Patented Nov. 19, 1946
2,411,252
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,411,252
BEAUTICIAN’S COMB
Marian L..Finman, Minneapolis, Minn.
Application August 13, 1945, Serial No. 610,406
6 Claims.
(01. 132-11’)
1.
2
This invention relates toan article of manufac
ture and more particularly to a beautician’s ?nger
comb. In the work of a beauty operator in set
ting curls, it‘ is customary for the operator to use
a comb of normal size to-separate the hair on the
scalp into a lock emanating from a small area in
the scalp.
I
5.
which the comb is made, and Figure 6, the sheet
metal blank after the initial comb tooth punch
ing operation; and
Figure 7 is a sectional view taken along the lines
'|—1 of Figure 6.
Throughout the“ drawings corresponding nu
As heretofore done, this operation
merals refer to the same parts.
haslbeen carried out by the operator who removes
Referring, to the drawing, Figure 1 shows the
the comb from her apron pocket and uses the
lower arm portion I0 showing the operator’s hand
end‘ portion of the combto separate the lock of 10 at I I‘. Upon the middle ?nger i2 and at. the ?rst
hair. rL‘he comb is then returned to the oper
joint [3 thereof‘ there is placed the beautician’s
ator’s pocket, the curl is formed and pinned in
comb, generally designated‘ 20. The comb is worn
place to set.
in this position in the part of the curl~setting
This complete operation thus requires the re
operation in which the lock is separated from the
moval of the comb from the pocket; the use of 15 remainder of the hair. In the curl-forming and
the comb andv return of the comb to the pocket.
pinning operations the middle ?nger is retracted
In time studies it has been found that an appre
under the palm of the hand into an out of the
ciable part of each curl-forming operation is
way position so that it does not interfere with the
consumed‘ in the removal and replacement of
curl-forming ‘ and pinning operations, but the
the comb in the pocket of the operator.
20, beautician’s comb 20 remains steadily on the
It is an object of the present invention to pro
?nger tip l3 throughout the entire wave setting
vide an improved beautician’s comb which may
operation until the entire group of curls has
be worn on the middle ?nger of the beauty oper
been formed and set. The hair of the lock being
ator’s hand and used in forming the lock of hair,
formedis held against the comb and against ?nger
and then without removing the device‘ from the
Ill by means of‘ the thumb l6.
?nger, it is retracted into the palm of the hand‘
Referring to Figure 5 the comb is made from a
during the curl-forming and pinning portions of
sheet metal blank 2|. of generally lozenge shape
the operation. It is a further object of the in
having acute anguluar portions 22 and 23 and
vention to provide an improved article of manu
obtuse angular portions 24 and 25.. All of the
facture comprising a simple sheet metal comb; to 30 angles are smoothly curved as indicated. and the
provide an improved comb of smooth polished
side portions 26, 21', 28 and, 29 are preferably
surface and so constructed as to be readily ad
curvedinwardly somewhat as shown“
justable to the varying ?nger sizes, so that it may
‘The blank is of thin sheet metal which is suffi
readily be adjusted for use by the individual oper
ciently stiff to retain its shape and yet thin enough
ator. It is also an object of the invention to pro
to allow the blank after being formed into a ring
vide an improved comb structure of varying tooth
to be bent slightly as hereinafter described, to
length; to provide an improved comb structure
permit the user to adjust the shape of the ?n
having the teeth of varying lengths and to pro
ished comb to ?t the ?nger tip size of the indi
vide a comb structure wherein the construction is
vidual user. The transverse center line of the
such as to allow the comb when positioned on the 40 blank 2| is illustrated by line T and the longitu
?nger to resist rotational movement on the ?nger.
dinal center line of the blank is indicated by
Other and further objects of the invention are
line L.
those inherent in the apparatus herein illustrated,
The blank 2| is formed and either at the same
described and claimed.
time or in a subsequent operation there are
The invention is illustrated in the drawing in 45 punched therein a plurality of teeth 30, 3|, 32,
which
33, 34 and 35. The teeth are made by a punch
Figure 1 is a side elevational view of the lower
ing operation so as to bend upwardly the por
arm portion and hand of the beauty operator
tion of ‘the metal blank illustrated by the holes
showing the improved comb of the present inven
30’—35', each of the teeth being attached to the
tion on the middle ?nger of the operator’s hand; 50 blank at its base at one end of the hole. Tooth
Figure 2 is a side elevational view of the comb;
3!] is the longest tooth and 35 is the shortest tooth,
Figure 3 is a bottom plan view of the comb;
the intermediate teeth being evenly graded in
Figure 4 is a sectional view of the comb along
length therebetween. As hereinafter pointed out,
the lines 4—4 of Figure 2;
in the ?nished article of manufacture the longest
Figure 5 illustrates the sheet metal blank from 55 tooth 30 is nearest the end of the ?nger and the
2,411,252
4
shortest tooth 35 is farthest away from the end
of the ?nger. It may be noted that the teeth are
upstanding and are in line with each other along
a line T’ which is spaced from the center line T
shape to ?t onto the ?rst joint of the user’s ?n- ,
ger, said sheet having a plurality of comb teeth
punched up from the plane of the metal, said
teeth being arranged in a line running lengthwise
by a distance equal to the dimension A so as to
position the teeth out of line with the center line
of the shape and outwardly therefrom.
of the ?nger when the ?nished device is worn in
2. An article of manufacture comprising a sin
gle sheet of ?exible metal blank having a Wid
service.
ened central portion and integral tapered side
This construction positions the teeth
closest to the thumb of the user when the device
portions at each side thereof, said side portions
is in place on the user’s hand for it has been found 10 being curved around with their ends in overlap
that this position of the ?nger comb is most stable
ping relation so as, with the widened central por
with the teeth so positioned.
.
tion, to form a ring of tapered shape to ?t onto
Figures 2, 3 and 4 illustrate the ?nished com
the ?rst joint of a user’s ?nger, and a plurality
.after the acute angular portions 22 and 23 of
of teeth punched outwardly from the plane of
the blank have been curved around into overlap; 15
ping relationship. The ?ank is ?at or nearly ?at
in the region of the teeth as indicated by the
dotted lines B and C, Figure 6, the curvature be
ing from line B to the end 22 and line C to the
end 23. The portion 22 is brought into overlap 20
ping relationship over portion 23 and the curva
the sheet in and arranged transversely of said
widened central portion so as to be in a line
lengthwise of the ?nger when the device is in
position thereon.
3. The article of manufacture set forth in
claim 2 further characterized in that the Wid
ened central area is flat throughout the area of
the comb teeth on which the pad of the user’s
?nger seats when the device is in place thereon.
4. The article of manufacture set forth in claim
ture is such as to produce a frustroconical shape
as indicated in FiguresB and 4, wherein it will
be noted that the diameter of the frustum is
dimension D at the end nearest the end of the 25 2 further characterized in that the combteeth
user’s ?nger and a larger diameter E at the'por
are in a line spaced off center from the trans,
tion most removed from the end of the user’s
verse center line of the widened central area,
?nger. This permits the comb to be ?t onto the
5. The article of manufacture set forth in
user’s ?nger somewhat in the manner of an
claim 2 further characterized in that the comb
open ended thimble‘. The relatively ?at area of 30 teeth are of gradually decreasing length, the
the ?nished article of manufacture between lines
longest tooth being near the-small end of the ring,
B and C ?ts the pad of the user’s middle ?nger
of tapered shape and the shortest tooth towards
and thus forms a ?at area which, in cooperation
the large end of the ring of tapered shape.
,
with the shape of the comb, prevents the comb
6. An article of manufacture made from a pol
35
from rotating during use. When the user ?rst
ished sheet metal blank of generally lozenge
obtains the comb it may be adjusted to a smaller
shape, the obtuse and acute angle corners of
size by squeezing it in the direction of arrows
the blank being smoothly curved, a plurality of
38, 39 and 4B or adjusted to a larger size by
teeth, longer than they are wide, punched up
opening the ring outward to increase the diam
from the blank, so as to leave each tooth upstand
eter of the frustroconioal shape. The amountvof 40 ing at the end of the aperture in the blank that
overlap of members 22 and 23 is correspondingly
is left when the tooth is punched, said teeth be
varied. In this way the user may adjust the
ing arranged in a line parallel to and spaced a
comb to her individual ?nger size.
short distance from the .transverse center line
As many apparently widely different embodi
of the blank, the blank being bent so as to bring
ments of this invention may be made without de
the rounded acute angular parts of the blank
parting from the spirit and scope thereof, it is to
into overlapping relation, the curvature being
be understood that I do not limit myself to the
such as to produce a generally frustroconical
speci?c embodiments herein except as de?ned by
shape with the teeth extending outwardly there
the appended claims.
from, said shape being of a size to ?t onto the
What I claim is:
.
1. An article of manufacture comprising a sin
gle sheet of metal curled into a frustroconical
end joint of a user’s ?nger.
'
MARIAN L. FINMAN.
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