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Nov. 19, 1946.
Filed April 7, 1944
BY Adoljai ?eiier
Patented Nov. 19, 1946
‘ " “
HAIR (JURLEitQ '3?“-
Adolph Reiter, New York, N. Y.
Application April 7, 1944, Serial No. 530,011
1 Claim.
(01. 132-42)
The invention relates to hair curlers of the
type in which the hair strands to be rolled into
proceeds the invention is illustrated by way of
example in the attached drawing in which
Fig. 1 is a plan view of one modi?cation,
a curl are gripped between a supporting base
and a tongue and secured by suitable means in
Fig. 2 is a sectional view on the line 2-2 of
the rolled up position.
5 Fig. 1,
The problem to render a curler of this type
Fig. 3 is a plan view of a second modi?cation.
properly workable seems simple; however, the
numerous suggestions presented from time to
time to solve the problem seemingly prove that
practical compliance with the working require it)
ments of this type of curlers has not been estab
lished as yet.
The hair curlers to which the invention re
lates may be listed in two groups; they are either
In the drawing numeral I denominates the
tubular base of my one-piece hair curler; the
curler is made of a rigid material, for instance,
metal, wood or plastics.
The base body carries a tongue 2. The tongue
extends along the middle portion of the base
member and parallel thereto for a length of
about 1/3 to 1/2 of the total length of the base
member. This tongue is produced by forming
a slot 3 in the base body. Thisslot which is
one-piece curlers where the tongue is integral
with the hair supporting base or the supporting
base and the retaining tongue are separate ele
In a curler of the ?rst named type the above
mentioned two members are hingedly connected
with each other, the hinged connection being, for
instance, attained by making the curler of a
yieldable'resilient material, such as rubber; the
disadvantage of this device is apparent as the
required tight grip cannot be attained by a curler
which consists of a yieldable material; the em
ployment of resilient materials will reduce the
rigidity of the curler structure which must be
located on a part of the circumference of the
base body I and between the same and tongue 2
has parallel walls; it is open at one end for the
introduction of the hair strand.
In the modi?cation of the invention shown in
Fig. 1 the middle portion of the base body I
is provided with a curved-in peripheral indenta
tion, extending for a'length of about one third
~ to two thirds of the base body; thereby a saddle
like shape is given to tongue 2 and to slot 3; this form of tongue and slot has proven to exert a
particularly tight and ?rm gripping action, at
able to withstand comparatively heavy ?exing
strains developed during the curl rolling pro- r
the same time producing the type of the so-called
“double wave” curl which is so greatly favored in
modern coiffures. .
In cases where this exceptionally tight and
To remedy this ine?iciency I have disclosed a
speci?c clamping effect is not considered neces
curler construction in my co-pending U. S.
patent application Ser. No. 503,585, ?led Septem
sary, the straight shape of the tongue shown in
ber 22, 1943, now U. S. Patent No. 2,380,674, July 1.0 Fig. 3 also serves the purposes of my invention.
31, 1945, having separate base and tongue mem
To secure the hair strand in its rolled up
position the base I is provided at its one end with
bers, but made of a stiff material, the securing
member consisting of a non stretchable and non
a cord 4 which carries a knot 5 near its free end,
elastic material.
the latter being shaped to form a loop 9. A
‘However, in spite of many advantages re-' 44 second knot I I is provided in the cord at the'point
where it emerges from base I; a recess is pro-,
‘sulting from my former construction a su?‘i
ciently strong grip desired for certain hair
coi?ures is not attainable thereby.
The same disadvantage results from the use
of one-piece curlers where the base member and
the tongue are hingedly connected and the
tongue is permitted to swing away from the
Therefore, the main object of the present in 50
vention is the provision of a hair curler which
in spite of utmost manufacturing simplicity af
fords a particularly ?rm and tight grip.
With these and other objects in view which
vided in the base at this point for the reception '
of the knot II; the obstacle to the rolling of the
curler caused by a protruding knot is hereby
An inwardly converging aperture 8 is provided
in the other end of the base opening up into a
circular recess and. extending into‘a narrow slit
‘I. However, any other type of securing means
is also usable in connection with the instant
‘In order to form the curl, a strand of hairis
inserted into slot 3; the curler is rotated and due
to the rigidity of the cooperating tongue and base
will become more apparent as this speci?cation 55
and the saddle-like shape of the tongue the hair
is firmly gripped and rolled into the curl under
avoidance of any danger of slipping or loosening.
The cord 4 is then squeezed into slit 1 and
secured therein by knot 5.
Various changes may be made in the construc
tion of my device without departing from the’
principle of my invention. Therefore, I do not
wish to restrict myself to the details described
and shown.
I claim:
A curler comprising an elongated base mem
ber of circular cross section, a curved-in pe
ripheral indentation in the center portion of said
base member extending approximately through
one third of the length of the base, the two ends
of said base adjacent to said indentation being
shaped to form outwardly curved bulges, a tongue
having the same curved-in shape as said in
dentation freely projecting over the same in
parallel relationship thereto, said tongue being at
the one end integrally united with said base, a
saddle shaped slot between said tongue and said
base for the introduction of the hair strands, a.
10 curl securing cord fastened to one end of said
base and a recessed seat at the other end for
the reception of said cord.
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