Nov. 26, 1946. R. P. BXEATTIE ETAL 2,41 1,704 rnowoamrnzc CAMERA Filed March 12, 1943 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Nov. 26, 1946. R. P. BEATTIE EI'AL 2,41 1,704 PHOTOGRAPHIC CAMERA Filed March 12, 1945 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Nov. 26, 1946. R. P. BEATTIE ETAL 2,411,704 PHOTOGRAPHIG CAMERA Filed March 12, 1943 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 f3 tFvi- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ \ITl IL 48’ n“ n“ LTLIIIILV. f ' 5/5 132’ 7/6 ' .6. a’? ‘ 2,411,704 Patented Nov. 26,}946 -,_ _ omen 'srATs-s PATENT OFFICE j :- -_ ’ - ' auihoo _ , g I Roland r. more," Kenneth .w. Beattie, Ken neth B. Beattie, and Roland 'P.,Boattie, 11, Summit, N. J. " ' Application March 12. 194:, Serial N... 478,858 10mm; (case-24> ‘ 1. along the line IX-IX '01 Fig. 8, looking in the This invention relates to a photographic cam- “t "'1 era. and particularly a process camera adapted ' direction orthe arrows; for copying and makinglina screen and continu ous tone negatives; enlargements or reductions Fig. 10 represents. a horizontal section. taken along the line JI-Xoi Fig. 8, looking in the di from copy suitable for such reproduction. , . . . . '- 6. rection of ‘the arrows, and . An object of the invention is to provide in con venient, unitary, portable form a complete copy ing camera which may be set up and prepared iorv use in a minimum of time and in any location, as. ' Fig. 11 representsa detail perspective view of a reducing and enlarging cone, in enlarging po sition on the top or the camera. Referring to the drawings, a main camera. for instance, at an army ?eld headquarters or' 10‘ housing I is provided, having three closed sides other post. and a front opening door 2 in its fourth side. The top of the housing comprises a rectangular All iurther object is to provide the camera with a housing such that it maybe closed and packed frame 3 .iitting closely around the four sides or for transportation without danger of damage to‘ an inner telescopic unit 4 which is adapted to the working parts and without the need tor dis? 1'51. move vertically in and out of the housing, ‘being guided in such movement by the strips 6 sliding mantling the camera so as to require re-a'ssen‘ie in guide-ways 6. big for iurther use. . . ~ _ . ‘Ihe unit 4 is mechanically raised and towered Another object is to provide an inside telescopic by a rack and gear drive including the racks ‘l, unit comprising the camera proper, which unit is movable with respect to the housing for regu~ 20 which may be disposed adjacent each of the four corners of the unit, the small gears 3, shown as lating the degree of enlargement or reduction (ii being formed directly in the shafts 9, the bevel eny) of copy mounted in said housing; said unit gears ill, and the crank iilccated at a convenient also being removable from the housing for use as‘ point on the outside of the housing. The shafts a view camera or 101' reproducing large copy. A further nbject is to provide such 9“ Qamm era of simple construction but having allthe re ?nements of detail necessary to secure optimum 9 are journal'ed in suitable Supp'OI'tS on the ‘hulls ing and the arrangement is such that power is transmitted to a plurality of points‘ around the inner unit, to avoid binding of the unit against parts of the housing; although in some cases it Another object is to provide certain improve ments in the form, construction and arrangement 30 may be found that driving at a single point or lessthan four points gives satisfactory results. of the several parts whereby the above and other. In addition to the hand crank it it is also de objects may eiiectively be attained. sirable to provide a vernier adjustment of the A practical embodiment of the invention is. camera back unit (for microiocuslng), shown in shown in the accompanying drawings, in which. Fig. 1 represents a perspective view of the cam- 35 detail in Figs. 8, 9 and iii, comprising a shaft it, journaled for rotation and rocking. motion in‘) era and its housing in closed position; ' results. . .. Fig. 2 represents a perspective view of the cam- _ a ‘bearing i3, and having a worm i4 keyed to the Fig. 6 represents a detail horizontal section a compression spring is having one end secured to the bracket and the other end secured to a col shaft and a handle is at the upper end of the era and its housing partly opened; shaft. The worm it engages with a worm wheel Fig. 3 represents a perspective view'oi the cam era and its housing opened and ready for use,, 40 is on the shaft 9 adjacent to the crank it when the shaft I2 is in its vertical position, but may be parts being broken away; disengaged by rocking said shaft H to the posi Fig. 4 represents a vertical longitudinal sec- . tion shown in broken lines in Fig. 8, when opera tion through the main camera and housing units; tion by means of the crank H is desired. The Fig. 5 represents a horizontal section taken 45 shaft l2 .passes through a slot H in a bracket l8 along the line V—-V of Fig. 4 looking in the direc secured to the side of the housing and is urged tion oi’ the arrows; toward worm-engaging position by the action of taken along the line VI--VI of Fig. 4; Fig. 7 represents an end elevation of the main 50 lar 2o ?tted loosely aboutthe shaft.‘ A “?nger; camera and housing units, parts being broken away to show certain interior construction; operated spring lock 21 is also associated with the shaft l2 and is arranged to snap over one Fig. 8 represents a detail elevation of .the cam end of the bracket for holding the shaft positive era elevating and lowering mechanism; ly in worm-engaging position when the vernier Fig. 9 represents a horizontal section taken 55 drive is to be used, or when it is desired to lock 2,411,704 . 4 3 - 4 p the raising and lowering mechanism, the worm an'd-wheel drive being" irreversible. when it is . and means are provided for securely locking the ' door to the main housing and the cover-table to desired to operate the crank ii for fast driving, the door (Fig. 1). the lock 2| is released and the shaft i2 rocked to For certain purposes it may be desirable to provide an image area larger or farther from compressthe spring l9 and to disengage the worm I4 from the wheel It. The inner telescopic unit 4 includes a suitable rectangular framework, four side walls 22 and the'lens-than the opening 24 in the top board 23 of the camera unit; means fOFsE?CC?DE this result is shown in Fig. 11 as comprising a four; sided funnel 50, having a base 6| adapted to fit a top board 23 provided with a rectangular open ing 24. The guide strips 5 are secured to the 10 on the top board 23, and an enlarged open top 42 adapted to receive a plate- or ?lm holder or outside of two opposite side walls, and vertical grooved guide-ways 25 are secured to the inside of opposite side walls for guiding, by engagement a ground glass focusing plate indicated gener ally at 83. , . The operation of the camera just described with the short tongues 25', the ends 23 of a horizontally disposed lens elevator 21. The cam 15 will be obvious, for the most part. Brie?y, the device may be set up for operation by opening era lens 23 is mounted in the‘lens board 23 (re the cover-table 42 and end door 43 and plugging movably secured in the elevator) and a bellows an electric connection into the input socket. 30 extends from the lens board to the top board Copy to be reproduced may then be placed on 23, as clearly shown in Figs. 4 and 7. The top board is adapted to receive and support a plate 20 the copy board 40, suitably illuminated by the lamps 38, and necessary adjustments made of or ?lm holder with or without a ground glass the inner telescopic unit 4 (by means of the focusing plate, all indicated generally at 3!. crank II and vernier mechanism) and lens Raising and lowering of the lens elevator 21 .board 28 (by means of the handle v3'!) to ensure in the unit 4 (for lens focusing) is e?ected by means of the chains 32, fastened to the elevator 28 the proper focus and desired degree of enlarge ment or reduction, if any; the exposure being ends 23 by brackets 33, and running over idle made by opening a shutter associated with the sprockets 34 and driving sprockets 33; the latter lens 23, or in any other customary or suitable being mounted on a shaft 38 which projects out Special lenses for various ,require of one side of the unit and is provided with a _ manner. handle or knob 31. The sprockets 34 and 35 are 80 ments may be inserted, so that copy (if a wide range of sizes, from micro?lm up, can be handled. all mounted on suitable supports attached to the As will be apparent from Figs. 3 to '7, the side walls or frame of the unit 4. inner telescopic unit 4 is retained in the housing The housing I is provided with lamps 33, pref only by the engagement of the racks ‘I with the erably of ?uorescent type, shielded by the curved re?ecting shields 39, for illuminating copy which 85 gears 8; it is thus possible to remove the inner may be placed on the removable copy board 40 unit from the housing so that it may be used in any position or location as a view camera, or adjacent the bottom of the housing. An elec may be set up to photograph copy which is too tric control panel 4| is mounted in one side of ‘ large to ?t on the copy board 40 in the housing. the housing at a convenient point, the control panel including an input socket, a switch for 40 It will be understood that various changes may be made in the construction, form and arrange the lamps 38, and sockets and switches for the ment of the several parts without departing from connection and control of such auxiliary elec trical appliances as may be required. the scope of our invention and hence we do not intend to be limited to theyparticular embodi Means for completing the closure of the hous sng include the combination top cover and work ment herein shown and described, but what we table 42 and the combination end door and car claim is: rying compartment 43; the cover-table 42 being hinged to the top frame 3 by hinges-44 (which .A photographic camera of the character de scribed comprising, a housing, an inner tele-_ ' p may be of the loose pin type, for complete re scopic unit ?tted in the top of said housing and moval of the cover-table) and being provided 50 projecting therefrom, means for adjusting said with a foldable leg 45, hinged at 48. The door unit inwardly and outwardly through the top of 43 has one of its end walls divided vertically into the housing, said inner unit containing the pho a ?xed portion 4'! and a hinged portion 48, the tographic elements of the camera proper, and latter portion being in turn hinged at 49 to a means associated with the housing for enclosing corner of the housing I; this arrangement being 55 and protecting the projecting part of said in such that the door may be closed against the ner unit, said last named means including a re housing to cover and protect the vernier mecha cessed door hinged vertically to the housing, and nism and control panel, or may be opened a recessed element hinged horizontally to the (270°) to lie with its back ?at against the back housing, said door being adapted to constitute of the housing. The cover-table 42 is of a depth 60 a storage compartment and to close over exposed su?lcient to enclose the top of the inner unit it parts of the means for adjusting the inner unit, when the latter is in its lowest position as shown and said element being adapted, in its closed in Fig. 2, and is of a length such that it will ex position, to cover both the top of said housing tend over the top of the door 43, as shown in - and the top of said door and, in its open posi- , Fig. 1. The door 43 is made deep enough not 05 tion, to constitute a recessed work table. only to accommodate the projecting parts of the vernier and control panel but also to provide storage and carrying space for such other equip ment as plates, ?lms, plate or film holders, etc-i , ROLAND P,'BEAT’I‘IE. KENNETH W. BEA'I’I‘IE. KENNETH B. BEATI‘IE. ROLAND P. BEATI‘ZE, II.