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Deç. 3, 1946.
B_ J, SILVER
"
>
2,411,901
METATARSO-PHALANGEAL BALL vCUSHION
Filed Jan. 12, 1945
INVENTOR
ATT'ORNEY '
2,411,901
Patented Dec. 3, ’194,6
2,411,901
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METATARso-PHAÈAÑGEAL BALLv ' ,
-V
-
CUSHION' ,
1,
,« u applicati@
Benjamin
January
J .‘ Silver,
12, 19¿1,Í5„ser§ia1Nó;57Iz,4ss
New York, N.
f 9 anims. (01.36471)~
2V -
The invention relates in general> to a shoe,
particularly tov va high arched'woman’s shoe and
most'uncomfórtable situation results from wear
ing'ssuch‘shoes.
v
»
f
-the invention 'relates specifically to a cushion'
forming a fabricatedpart of, or designed to be
Accordingly, ‘another‘and perhaps the main ob
jective of this invention is to provide in a high
inserted'as an attachment for suchïshoes, and
heeled shoe as fabricated, or an insert for a high
which cushion is of the type sometimes referred
to by reason of its location as a metatarso
phalangeal ball cushion,
ï
~
' y
’
The present disclosure» constitutes a develop
ment of-the'metatarsal cushion disclosed in my
Patent No.»2,159,054 grantedrMay 23, 1939. In
the prior patent there was disclosed a pad of
approximate elliptical form and Which specili
heeled shoe, a metatarsal cushion which Will tend
lto kavoid foot' distortion; which will cause the
Wearer’s sole Whiley wearing such high heeled
shoes toV approach that formv which the foot
would have in walking on soft ground -and thus
tend tò relieve foot fatigue now so prevalent
with women and which has become 'more' pro
nounced with increase in heel height.
y
5 Accordingly, the invention features an adaptor
cally had to be made in two forms, one forthe
shoe of the left vand the other for the shoe of 15 or compensating form of cushion which While
possessing all of the advantages disclosed inthe
the right'foot. »'Care'had. to be exerciseduin in
above identiñed patent will permit the Wearing of
stalling these patented forms of pads in a shoe to
the presently fashionable high heeled shoes and
makesure that a'pad designed for 'a right 'shoe
at thefsame, time avoid the angled distortionof
was not installed ina left'shoe and the reverse.
In those cases Where the kknovvn form of" pads 20 the foot> which occurs at. present when encased
in shoes ofthe high heel type herein disclosed.
were installed in >shoes -at the >time ofl sale ynot
t , Broadly',;these objectivesA are obtained by> pro
only did vcare have î'to »beeXercised by the ‘shoe
viding a double-faced cushion for underlapping
salesman to'be sùrethat he vdid not get a left
the head ends of the metatarsals and the
pad in a right shoe, 'or the reverse, but it Was not
unusual for a store or shoe repair man to have 25 posterior portions of the proximal phalanges
which while acting-as a filler to reduce the inf
a run on one kind of pad, say left pads, and he
may for the time being be out of left pads While
having quite a stockon hand of right shoe pads.
The present disclosure had for anobject the
providing of' a single f' unitary one-piece ball
cushion which can be fitted selectively into either
a left or a' right shoe at the ball area by the
selection of that side uppermost which Will fît 'the
shoe intended,'right or left.
.
.
'
The pad illustrated in the above patent was
designed to constitute a fabricated Vor added ele
ment to a Women’s shoe of conventional heel
ternal anglev of the -inner sole and which angle
would otherwise be assumed by the foot, also
lfunctions, as does the previously patented pad
-When a pad of the proper lateral bulge is in
sertedin the shoe of lesser heel height such as
isfdisclosed in said prior patent, to give comfort
tothe
wearer.
f
Y
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'
Various other objects and advantages of the
invention lWill be in part obvious from an in
spection of the accompanying drawing and in
part Will be more fully set forth in` the follow
ing particular description of a form of insert for
inner -soles, embodying the invention, and the
height,` and among other things to‘give anim
proved form of resiliency and increased comfort
to conventional shoes' While in' use. However, 40 invention lalso consists in certain new andnovel
features of construction and combination of parts
modernv styles have Vcalled for very much higher
hereinafter set forth and claimed.v
heels, and" this has in turn developed a deep
recess or concavity both laterally and longitudi
nally in Vthese >highheel shoes in the'region of
the metatarsal arch of-'the wearer. Obviously
any such variation fromy the normal contour of
the shoe producesv a vsharp ybend in the foot en»r
cased in such shoesv particularly in the region of
the archwith resulting strains on the foot mus--
InY the accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional view taken longi
tudinally through the basic shoe with a sole
modifying cushioning insert pad shown in posi
' tion located with reference to the bone structure
at the fore part of the foot shown in side eleva
tion in dotted outline and illustrating a preferred
cles. Withthe presentftype‘of-high heeledshoes 50 embodiment of the invention;
‘
¿l ~F1g. 2- is a plan View looking down upon the
vwith their `extreme andunnatural» depression ini
the mid-portion of the sole, the foot, while in such
shoes, actually becomes distorted; the arches are
strained» and there is a tendency for such shoes:
innersole of the basic shoe and With the pad'in-`
sert as‘shown in Fig. 1,> showing in dotted outline
the'v bone structure Aparticularly at the headsvof
to throw 'the wearer off balance and in general a 55 the metatarsal bones;
.
‘2,411,901
3
4
Fig. 3 is a vertical` transverse sectional View
taken on the broken line 3-3 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the cushioning
noted that it has a greater width measured along
its minor axis on one side of its major axis or axis
of balance indicated by the line a-b than it has
on the other side, and there is thus formed a
greater bulge 35 on one long side 31 than on the
other long side 38. It will thus be seen that the
pad and shoe shown in Fig. 2 .is for the right
insert shown in the preceding figures and with
one edge partly broken away to show the cross
sectional configuration of the pad; and
Fig. 5 is a transverse cross section of the pad
in its normal fiat position before it has been bent
foot. Viewed through the drawing sheet, Fig. 2
into the curved form imposed 'thereon by the
longitudinal and transverse curves of the inner
then in `reversev would Vshow fa 1pad Íand >shoe for
Vthe leftlfoot.
L
`
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L
y
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face of the shoe sole.
1t is a distinctive feature of this pad, and in
In drawing and referring ñrst to the basic . this it particularly distinguishes from the pad
shoe construction illustrated in Figs. 1 to 3, there
in the above .identified patent, is that the com
is shown a conventional form of 'woman’s 'deep
'.b‘ined right and left foot pad herein featured is
instep shoe comprising an outer sole Il), and inner
conveXo-convex, or double convex in substan
sole I I with the edges of the upper I2 secured at
tially all of its cross sections and is >relatively
its forward portion between the soles and at its
thin `compared to the other dimensions. The op
rear end secured between the upper sole and the
posite sides are so related that with one side
top of the heel I3~ It is particularly noted that»
4uppermost it conforms to a right shoe and with
the shoe has a very high or French heel I3 which, 20 the other side uppermost it conforms to the left
yof course, provides a rather high elevation to the
rear ends of the soles Ill and II. Therefore, por
.tion 33 of the soles as they eng-agethe ground are
.fiat or almost so. This means vthat the instep 3‘4
shoe of a pair.
Irrespective as to which side may 'be facing
upwardly the sole receiving »surface is provided
at >an angle of about 45° into the flat portion 33.
with three shallow recesses, depressions or pock
ets, those on one side being designated I1, I8
and I9 Aand those on the opposite side being des
This means that the inner sole forms an S-shaped
curve in longitudinal section and which curve on
ignated |11, |81, and 191, land whichever may be
uppermost located to receive respectively the
quite sharplyinclines downwardly and forwardly
its lower side forms a pronounced depression 35
heads of the metatarsal 2m, 3m and 4m. It is
which, as shown in Fig. l, forms a concaved short 30 particularly noted that the depression on one side
vcurved .arc having a relatively short radius. It
is opposite the corresponding depression on the
is this deep depression which is having the effect
'other side. For instance recess I 1 is opposite
of distorting the feet of women wearing shoes of
recess |11. The cushion is so formed with an
this .character and which the present disclosure
outlining feathered edge 20 'that the two outside
is fendeavoring to remedy, In Athat deep seated
half of edge recesses or pockets, 2l and 22 on
region .35 and which >otherwise _located is beneath
the one side and 2I1 and 221 on the Aother side,
the ball of lthe foot, there is fitted a ball or meta
are found at the extreme opposite edges to» under
tarsal Aarea supporting pad I4. This pad is in
lap respectively the inner portions -of the heads
tended >among other things to `restore the foot lt0
.0f the first metatarsal’ Im and the fifth meta
wards or at least somewhat towards its natural
tarsal 5m, leaving the ‘other edge portions of the
walking position even when encased in the foot
ball portion .of the foot .supported directly on the
distorting shoe herein illustrated. This pad is of
uncushioned outer edge portion ¿of the inner sole
a shape somewhat irregularly >elliptical in plan
as particularly shown in Fig. 3. >The centers of
as shown in Figs. 2 and 4 and is located in the
the three interior recesses, "I1, Iz8 and I9 or |11,
shoe in position to receive the ball of the foot at y
181 and I'Sl, and the two outer half recesses 2|
its advanced and relatively wide end. When
and 22 or 211 and 221 4are .disposed in a >curve
viewed in plan the pad is somewhat egg-shaped,
which when viewed in plan as in Fig. 2 is the
or differently described, is a segment of egg form.
curve defined by the centers of the heads of the
The pad is carefully formed with relation to the
five metatarsal bones and defines what has been
bone structure of the fore part of the foot, it 50 referred to herein as vthe minor axis of the pair.
being noted that it entirely underlies practically
The cushion has "its `maximum elevation at a
point designated hp in Fig. 2 approximately just
the entire second, third and fourth metatarsal
bones designated respectively 2m, 3m and 4m,
back of .the head of the second metatarsal bone,
leaving the ñrst and fifth vInetatarsals designated
or close thereto, irrespective as to Whether the
respectively `Im and 5m, uncushioned or substan~ 55 right side of the pad- is uppermost in a right
tially so particularly in -the case of the ñrst >meta
shoe or the opposite or left side of the pad is
tarsal bone Im.
uppermost in a left shoe. Considered in cross
The pad has its greatest transverse width or
section the cushion gradually decreases in thick
minor diameter in its forward portion and has its
ness in all directions to the feathered edge 2G
forward edge in position sufficiently advanced at 60 from the vertical line c-d shown by dots in Fig.
least to underlap the heads of the metatarsal
5 defining the maximum thickness connecting
bones. Considered lengthwise the pad extends
the Vpoints hp and hp of maximum elevation on
each face.
forwardly a distance just sufiicient to underlap
the ñ-rst proximal phalanges, speciñcally desig-`
kThe cushion is formed as an integral one-piece
nated in Fig. 2 as 2171, Sp1 and 4121, of the second, 65 article preferably formed of a cushiony material
third and fourth toes, leaving all of the phalanges
such as a type of rubber or rubber-like material
of the first and ñfth »toes as well as the second
formed symmetrical with reference to a central
medial plane as shown in Fig. 5, but having suf
ficient flexibility to ’be bent longitudinally as
shown in Fig. 1 and transversely as shown in
Fig. 3 to conform to the compound curvatures of
the inner sole.
Where a high degree of flexibility is desired
and third pha'langes of the second, third and
fourth toes uncushioned. Considered in its rear
ward dimension the pad underlaps the anterior
half of each of the shanks of the second, third
and fourth metatarsal and as shown in Fig. 1,
extends substantially to the juncture of the tarsal
and the middle metatarsal bones.
Considering
the pad when Viewed in planas in Fig., 2, it will be
s.
in themarginal portion forming the feathered
edge. 2D and less- flexibility and thus relative >ri
5
4
.
gidity inï‘the‘1 body portion,`it`_is suggested that
eeredtejnie‘ inner sere; said cushion .having its
athin layer’ 40 of leather or rubbenì v'preferably
hard rubber, be inserted within thepadfto pro-v
vide an internal reinforcement# As -disclosed the
insert is of substantially theïs'ame form-as the
. cushion -in which it is contained andthe outlining
edge of the insert 40 is spaced inwardly fromthe
upperj’side>~` ppwardly convex in all vertical cross
sections Aand` said ùpperïside >having its point of
highest elevation Alockz'ated under _theyl Vshaft ofthe
second metata'rsal bone irrespective as to which
sidevof the cushion may be uppermost, andre
ducing in elevation gradually in all radial direc--
tions from'ï'saidjpointand forwardly to a position
marginal portion of the cushion so as not to in
Vterminating approximately mid-length of the
terfere with the-desired flexibility in the flexible
feathered edge. ' It isfsug'gested that‘the pad ‘be 10
made of ,twojhalves a rightA and a lefty each with’
2’; In.` a‘shoe, the combination of an outer sole;
an inner sole provided in the region of the ball
an `upper curved face" withV flat f undersides as
middlefirstphalanges;
shown ln the abovepatent and the'twofhalves
connected together ~'either' with orfwithout -the
relatively stilî inserty Ml,A
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_
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y
of the’foot in its upper surface and spaced from
the edges lof the solefwith'a relatively deep de
15 pression rounding from sideto side in all verti--
When in position in the shoe and conforming
cal cross sections; a Semi-ilexible combined
to the inner sole as shown in Fig. 3 the recessesA
metatarso-phalangeal ball cushion of substan-A-
designated when facing upward to receivethe
tially eggs-shaped plan, of convexo-convex form'>
metatarsal heads also -function when facing
having its curved'underside flexed under tension e
downwardly to coact withthe ßinner sole to form 20' into a fit in saiddepression and secured tothe
air cushioning pockets.
inner sole, said cushion having its upper ,sideupf-,I
Y
correspond with the bulged edge of the shoe, right
wardly convex in all vertical cross sections and
said upper side‘having its point of,y highest ele
vation located under the .shaft of the second
metatarsal bone irrespective asîto _which side 'of
the cushion may be uppermost, reducing in ele-Y
vation gradually in all radial directions from
or left as the Acase may be.
said point and forwardly to a position terminat-l
By means of a device of thisy character it is
possible for the repair man or shoe storey to `'carry
in stock one form ofl pad which can be'used
either in a left or right shoe simply by reversing
the pad so that the bulged edge yof the pad will
As it is theusual`
practice to provide these pads in several stand
ard sizes the halving ofthe necessary supply con
stitutes a material saving in the number of dif
25.
ing approximately mida-length of the middle first `
30 phalanges and in which the underside of the'
cushion is provided with a plurality of shallow
recesses in the portion thereof beneath the ball
ferent kinds required. It is particularly notedY
portion of the foot coacting with the portion of
that the fact that theupper surface must be
the inner sole overlapped thereby to form shal
convex is utilized when the pad is turned upside
down to accommodate itself to the deep con-` 35 low air cushioning pockets, each pocket on one
face being opposite a corresponding pocket on>
cavity formed in these high heeled shoes and
the other face and certain of said pockets being
thus tends to straighten out the curve imposed
on the wearer’s foot without necessity of pro
opposite certain'heads of the metatarsal bones.
viding filling material p-articularly for this pur
l3. A one-piece cushioning pad for the ball re
It is also noted that the shallow recesses
gion of the foot for use in either a right or left
which are provided on the upper surface or face
shoe, said pad being approximately egg-shape
to accommodate the heads of the metatarsal
bones are utilized when in the upside down posi»
tion as air cushioning pockets and here again
in plan with opposing long edges rounding one
into the other, having a greater width measured
pose.
. providing a structural part which has two func
tions depending on whether the part faces up
wardly or downwardly. The Ibulk of material
which forms the support of the pad provides not
only the required cushion effect but also pro
vides a certain degree of rigidity suii‘lcient to sup
port the weight of the wearer without abnormal
distortion of the pad and at the same time pro
vides especially in the marginal portion that de
along its minor axis on one side of its major axis
than on the other side and thus forming a more
pronounced bulge in one long side than in the
other long side whereby the pad may be used in
a right hand shoe with that side facing upwardly
which will bring the greater bulge atthe right
or may be used with said ñrst named 'side fac
ing downwardly in a left hand shoe with the
greater bulge at the left, said pad being initially
convexe-convex in substantially all cross sec~
tions and with its opposing sides each being
distortion of the pad to conform to the minute 55 slightly convex and having a looking glass sym
metry relative to a central medial plane therebe
variations in shoes, even in those shoes which are
tween and relatively thin compared to its width
intended to be of the same size. It will be un
and length dimensions and having suillcient flex
derstood that the use of the leather or rubber .
ibility to conform to the shoe in which it is irl
insert is optional and is used only in those situa
tions where the rubber or other cushioning ma 60 tended to be installed.
4. A one-piece cushioning pad for the ball
terial used -to form the cushion fails to provide
region of the foot for use in either a right or left
the requisite degree of rigidity in the weight sup
gree of flexibility which will permit the marginal
shoe, said pad being approximately egg-«shape in
plan with opposing long edges rounding one intol
1. In a shoe, the combination of an outer sole, 65 the other, having a greater width measured along
porting portion of the cushion.
I claim:
an inner sole provided in the region of the ball
of ythe foot in its upper surface and spaced from
the edges of the sole with a relatively deep de
pression rounding from side to side in all verti
cal cross sections,
its minor axis on one side of its major axis than
on the other side and thus forming a more pro
nounced bulgein one long side than in the other
long side whereby the pad may be used in a right
a semi-flexible combined 70 hand shoe with that side facing upwardly which
will bring the greater bulge at the right or may
be used with said first named side facing down
wardly in a left hand shoe with the greater
'vex form having its opposite surfaces of identi
bulge at the left, 'said pad being convexo-con
cal contour with its curved underside ilexed un#
der tension into a lit in said depression and se 75 vex in substantially al1 cross sections and rela
>metatarso-phalangeal ball cushion normallyY of
substantially egg-'shaped plan of convexo-con
2,411,901
i
aveiytnm comparent@ its >Width and;img_gtn-jci.-I
rnensidns',A having suiiici‘ent :flexibility fto - conform`
toA theshoein which it isintended to be installed
and in which'each sideface is provided with a
plurality of shallow recesses, at 1east„three for
receiving >the heads'of the three middle meta
talfsal bones, the recess/for receiving the head
8
irrespective -as tol which‘side of thepad may be
in kengagement with the sole of the wearer and
thus the highest ~point on one> side is in trans
verse alignment with the highest point of eleva
tion on the other side.
v
S. A shoe cushion for use asa support for the
metatarsal arch comprising ya pad substantially
of the second metatar-sal bone when one side is
ellipticalin plan,wider at one end than the other
uppermostv in a left shoe being oppositev the
and with a greater bulge on oney side of said wide
recess for receiving the head of thesecond meta 10 end than on thevother side thereof, having its
opposite; faces slightly convex to. form the pad
tarsal bone when the other side is uppermost in `
a right shoe.
,
pfA convexe-convex form» and having a degree of
5.3 A one-piece metatarsal arch pad forming a
flexibility to` permit the'underside of the same
segment of an egg-shapedform and provided on
to confor-my to the contour of the inner sole of
one `sole receiving face with three shallow de 15 the shoe and said cushion exhibiting a maximum
pressions spaced apart transversely and along
degree of flexibility in its marginal portion said
opposite sides being normally convex Vand sym
the minor axis and located to receive the portion
of the sole of the wearer immediately beneath
metrical with reference to a central medial plane
and a thin «layer of reinforcing material located
the heads ofv the second, _third and fourth metaf
tarsal bones of one foot when said side is facing 20 in said medial plane, confined to the portion of
the pad of maximum thickness and having its
upwardly in aleft shoe and provided on its oppo
edges spaced inwardly from said flexible marginal
siteisurface with three shallow depressions spaced
portion.
1
,
apart transversely and along the minor axis and
9. _A.shoe havingiits sole engaging surface more
located to receive the portion of the sole‘of the
wearer immediately beneath the heads of the 25 nearlya straight-angle in the region beneath
second, third and- fourth metatarsal bones of the
the .heads of the metatarsal bones than the outer
other foot when said opposite side is uppermost
sole forms in this region, and said'sole engaging
surface provided with at least three shallow de
in a right shoe and said pad being conveXo-convex
incross' section along substantially all cross sec
pressions for receiving the heads of the three
tions.
,
'
middle metatarsal bones substantially elliptical
6. The structure defined in claim 5 in which
the outlining marginal portion forms a feathered
in plan and having its point of highest elevation
edge with the portion thereof at the minor axis
fashioned to receive at least the inner portions
of the heads of the first and fifth metatarsal
bones irrespective as to which side is facing up
and reducing inelevation in all directions from
said point of highest elevation and said surface
in the area- of said bones being more resilient and
thus providing a greater cushioning effect at said
ward.
'7. rlí’he structure defined in claim 5 and in which
area than in more remote lportions. of the sole
the pad has its point of highest elevation located
under the shaft of the second metatarsal bone 40
back of the head of the second metatarsal bone
engaging portions.
BENJAMIN J. SILVER.
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