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2,412,108
Patented Dec. 3, 1946
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,412,108
FOWL PICKEB
Andrew J. Toti and Ward E. Snowden, Modesto,
'
Calif.. assignors, by direct and mesne assign
ments, to Modesto Manufacturing 00., Modesto,
Calif., a corporation of California
Application March 29, 1945, Serial No. 585,426
15 Claims. (01. 17-11.!)
1
2
This invention relates to devices for mechan
ically removing the feathers from "chickens and
used, or of any other suitable cross section if
more or less than four rows of ?ngers are to be
other fowl, and the principal object of the in
vention is to provide improvements in picking or
feather engaging elements of the machine and
their mounting.
used, and the cross section is uniform for the
full length of the hub so that it is easily shaped
Other features and advantages of the invention
will appear in the following description and ac
Secured to some of the ?at sides 2' of the hub
of wood or fiber by running it past a saw or over
a revolving shaper head.
are elongated guard strips 8 spaced to cooperate
with intermediate ?at sides 2" of the hub to
companying drawing.
10 form a polygonal socket ‘I. These strips extend
In the drawing:
for the length of the hub 2 and are V grooved
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a rotor for a fowl
on confronting edges as indicated to form the
picking machine embracing our improvements.
socket ‘l, and are individually secured to the hub
Fig. 2 is an end view of the rotor of Fig. l as
seen from along the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is an end elevation of a modi?ed anchor
as by a plurality of screws 9 countersunk into
15 the outer surface of the guards. The form and
object of these guards will be explained later on.
Within the polygonal sockets ‘I are son, ?ex
ible blocks or strips Ill projecting radially out
Fig. 4 is a side view of the arrangement shown
ward from which are series of soft ?exible picker
in Fig. 3.
‘
Before describing the drawing in detail it may 20 ?ngers Ii. Both the fingers and the blocks are
be stated that in some types of chicken or fowl
preferably made of soft tough resilient rubber,
picking devices a rotatable drum or belt passing
either natural, synthetic, or similar substitute,
over a pulley, carries a series of radially project
so that the fingers in striking a fowl will readily
ing ?exible ?ngers with notches or projections
bend over and twist about to contact the vary
on them and which ?ngers strike a low] pre 25 ing surface of the fowl, and to which end the
sented in their path and beat and pull the feath
soft mounting socket i0 greatly contributes.
ers from the fowl as it is turned about to permit
The ?ngers are preferably square in cross sec
the ?exible ?ngers (usually of soft rubber) to
tion where they pass into the sockets ill and
strike and draw across all feathered surfaces of
are reduced both front and back just above the
the fowl. In some of the machines the birds are 30 sockets as by curved cut-outs 12 to make them
held in the hand when presented to the action
more ?exible at this point, while at the outer
of the ?ngers, while in other machines the birds
end they are split or bifurcated as at It down
are mechanically presented and turned about.
ward for about a third or half the length of the
Since the present invention relates to the ?n
?nger terminating with a transversely extending
881's and their mounting only it follows that it 35 hole It, thus making the bifurcated ends capable
may be used with either type of machine, and as
of independent flexing yet the leading one (in
the other features of the machine are not con
rotation of the assemblage) being supported by
cerned with the present improvements, the rest
the resistance of the rearward end. The bifur
of the machine is not shown in the drawing as
40 cated ends are tapered off from the center both
it may take most any form.
forwardly and backwardly at It’ to relatively
In the drawing, l is a shaft or axle upon which
narrow
outer edges I5 which in turn are broad
an elongated hub or core 2 is mounted and which
ened laterally as at It into what may be termed
hub is preferably secured to the shaft as by a
ing of the inner end of the feather removing
?ngers.
suitable key 3. The shaft projects considerably
a ?sh-tail form as shown in Fig. l of the draw
beyond both ends of the hub so as to provide 45 ing, while extending transversely across both
front and back ?at surfaces of the ?ngers are
suilicient length of shaft for bearing support at
grooves I‘! or ridges 18.
its free ends I’, while at one end of the hub is
The form of the ?ngers as above described
a ?ange I secured to the shaft and at the op
posite end is secured a driving pulley 5 prefer
ably with an inner ?ange-like rim 6 bearing
against the end of the hub similar to the ?ange l.
The hub 2 may be made of metal, tho we ?nd
hard wood, ?ber, or plastic quite suitable for
the purpose. It is preferably of substantially oc
contributes greatly to the efficiency of the ?ngers
in engaging the feathers, and the ?sh-tail curves
ii of adjacent ?ngers tend to converge some of
' the feathers between them to pinch and Pull them
out. Another feature is that being symmetrical,
the ?ngers may be reversed when the sharpness
tagonal cross section if four rows of ?ngers are 65 of the ridges It has been badly worn, and to
9,419,108
which end the special mounting of the ?ngers
4
has a particular object.
The mounting block I0 is preferably of hex
agonal cross-section outwardly and ?ts tightly
within the hexagonal socket ‘I formed by the hub
and cooperating V depressions cut out of the two
adjacent edges of guard strips If all so that upon
said sockets. and rows of soft resilient ?ngers eon
stituting the picking elements secured in said
blocks and projecting outwardly therefrom.
2. In a fowl picker having feather picking ele
ments. a rotatable carrier for the picking ele
ments comprising a plurality of sockets extending
across the carrier. soft resilient mounting blocks
removal of but one of the strips two rows of the
secured in said sockets. and rows of soft resilient
?ngers with their, mounting blocks may be bodily
?ngers constituting the picking elements secured
lifted out and reversed end for end and replaced, 10 in said blocks and proiecting outwardly there
to thus quickly reverse the wearing surface of the
rom.
?ngers when it becomes necessary.
3. In a fowl picker having feather picking ele
The mounting blocks i0 may be a continuous
ments, a rotatable carrier for the picking ele
solid strip of soft rubber with square holes l9
ments comprising a plurality of sockets extend
extending through it to receive the lower ends 15 ing across the carrier, mounting blocks secured
of the ?ngers which are formed with holes to
in said sockets, and rows of soft resilient ?ngers
receive a pin or wire 20 passing through the en
constituting the picking elements secured'in said
tire row of ?ngers and seated in a groove 2|
blocks and projecting outwardly therefrom. the
formed in the block, or the block may be cut off
portions of the ?ngers secured in the blocks each
into two or more sections as indicated at 22 in
having a hole through them, and a pin passing
Fig. l, and additionally parted vertically along
through the hole seated in a channel formed in
the center as indicated at 23 in Fig. 2 to make
the block.
4. In a fowl picker as set out in claim 1. said
A modified arrangement for the mounting
sockets each formed in part by a removable side
blocks is as shown in Figs. 3 and 4 where the 25 wall to facilitate placing and removal of said
rubber blocks ID" are individual for each finger
blocks.
and simply arranged in abutting relation in the
5. In a fowl picker as set out in claim 1, said
hexagonal grooves of the drum. The retaining
sockets and blocks being of complemental polyg
_ the insertion of the ?ngers easier.
pins 20’ are here shown as extending transversely
onal form.
of the axis of the drum in a hole 2|’ preformed 30
6. In a. fowl picker having rows of flexible pick
in the block. With such an arrangement only
ing ?ngers, guard means in advance of each row
those ?ngers which are badly worn need be re
of ?ngers when in operation adapted to keep a
versed, and/or the central ?ngers may be ex
fowl outward away from the inner portions of the
changed with the end ?ngers to distribute the
picking ?ngers.
wear.
35
7. In a fowl picker having rows of ?exible pick
While we show hexagonal mounting blocks for
ing ?ngers, guard means in advance of each row
the ?ngers it is manifest that they may be square
of ?ngers when in operation adapted to keep a
or round or of other form in cross section though
fowl outward away from the inner portions of the
the hexagonal form is the simplest to assure
picking ?ngers, said guard means comprising
alignment and ?rm clamping in place.
40 strips of material extending along the rows of
In regard to the guard strips 8, it will be noted
?ngers and formed to cooperate in holding the
that they are lower on their leading edges 8' and
?ngers in place.
highest (radially) on their following edges 8"
8. In a fowl picker of the character described,
where they extend in front of the row of ?ngers
picking elements comprising elongated ?ngers of
H a substantial distance above the mounting
soft resilient material formed with outwardly ?ar
blocks in which the ?ngers are secured. This is
ing tapered and ?attened outer ends of general
an important feature in keeping the fowl out
?sh-tail form.
ward where the ?ngers are most ?exible and pre
9. In a fowl picker of the character described,
vents entangling the necks and wings of the fowl
picking elements comprising elongated ?ngers of
between the fingers adjacent their bases which 50 soft resilient material formed with outwardly
otherwise sometimes takes place. It is manifest
?aring tapered and ?attened outer ends of general
that considerable variation in the form of these
?sh-tail form, said ends being bifurcated in the
guards may be made with the object above stated
plane of the ?attened ends to present two similar
kept in mind.
outer ?attened ?sh-tail like ends, and opposite
In Fig. 1 it will be noted that the defeathering
faces of the two ends respectively being roughened
?ngers are spaced along each row and with the
10. In a fowl picker of the character described,
?ngers of one row staggered in relation to those
picking elements comprising elongated ?ngers of
of the succeeding row. This is also a desirable
soft resilient material formed with outwardly
feature, tho with our ?sh-tail form of ?ngers
?aring tapered and flattened outer ends of general
each row makes substantially a clean sweep over 80 ?sh-tail form, said ends being bifurcated in the
the area through which it travels and yet present
spaces for the feathers being operated upon—a
plane of the ?attened ends to present two similar
outer flattened ?sh-tail like ends, and opposite
faces of the two ends respectively being rough
ened, the bifurcation terminating in an enlarged
feature unique to the present construction.
From the above description it will be evident
that the ?ngers could be secured to the sockets 65 opening extending transversely through the
?nger.
by cement or the like, but the pin fastening is
preferred as making for easier and cheaper con
11. In a fowl picker of the character described.
struction and assembly.
a carrier with picker ?ngers extending there
Having thus described our improved construc
from, said picking ?ngers being of soft resilient
tion in a fowl picking or plucking apparatus and 70 rubber of generally rectangular cross section se
the manner of its operation, what we claim is:
cured at their inner ends to the carrier and
1. In a fowl picker having feather picking ele
formed with a reduced neck between their secured
portion and their outer operative portions.
ments, a rotatable carrier for the picking ele
ments comprising a plurality of sockets extend
12. In a fowl picker of the character described,
his across the carrier, mounting blocks secured in 75 a carrier with picker ?ngers extending there
9,418,108
from, said picking ?ngers being of soft resilient
rubber of generally rectangular cross section se
cured at their inner ends to the carrier and
formed with a. reduced neck between their se
cured portion and their outer operative portions
and provided with a deeply bifurcated outer end
with each free end ?attened.
13. In a fowl picker of the character described,
a carrier with picker ?ngers extending there
from, said picking ?ngers being of soft resilient
rubber of generally rectangular cross section se
cured at their inner ends to the carrier and
formed with a, reduced neck between their secured
portion and their outer operative portions and
provided with a deeply bifurcated outer end with
each free end‘ ?attened and spread laterally in
substantially ?sh-tail form.
spacedly secured to said hub with edges in con
fronting relation, the edges of said segments
formed to provide retaining sockets. ?nger mount
ing blocks confined in said sockets and radially
extending soft rubber ?ngers secured at their in
ner ends in said blocks.
15. In a fowl picking machine a drum compris
ing a shaft, an elongated hub on said shaft, a
plurality of longitudinally extending segments
spacedly secured to said hub with edges in con
fronting relation, the edges of said segments
formed to provide retaining sockets, finger mount
ing blocks con?ned in said sockets and radially ex
tending soft rubber ?ngers secured at their inner
ends in said blocks, said blocks being of soft rub
ber and of symmetrical design so as to be re
versible 190° with said ?ngers in said sockets.
14. In a fowl picking machine a drum compris
ing a shaft. an elongated hub on said shaft, a plu
ANDREW J. TOTI.
WARD E. SNOWDEN.
rality of longitudinally extending segments
Certi?cate of Correction
December 3, 1946.
Patent No. 2,412,108.
ANDREW J. TOTI ET AL.
It is hereby certi?ed that the name of the assignee in the above numbered atent
was erroneously described and speci?ed as “Modesto Manufacturing Co.”, w ereas
said name should have been described and speci?ed as Modesto Products Manufac
tur'ing C'o.; and that the said Letters Patent should be read with this correction therein
that the same may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Oi?ce.
Signed and sealed this 25th day of February, A. D. 1947.
[M]
LESLIE FRAZER,
4
First Assistant Oommz’ssioner of Patents.
9,418,108
from, said picking ?ngers being of soft resilient
rubber of generally rectangular cross section se
cured at their inner ends to the carrier and
formed with a. reduced neck between their se
cured portion and their outer operative portions
and provided with a deeply bifurcated outer end
with each free end ?attened.
13. In a fowl picker of the character described,
a carrier with picker ?ngers extending there
from, said picking ?ngers being of soft resilient
rubber of generally rectangular cross section se
cured at their inner ends to the carrier and
formed with a, reduced neck between their secured
portion and their outer operative portions and
provided with a deeply bifurcated outer end with
each free end‘ ?attened and spread laterally in
substantially ?sh-tail form.
spacedly secured to said hub with edges in con
fronting relation, the edges of said segments
formed to provide retaining sockets. ?nger mount
ing blocks confined in said sockets and radially
extending soft rubber ?ngers secured at their in
ner ends in said blocks.
15. In a fowl picking machine a drum compris
ing a shaft, an elongated hub on said shaft, a
plurality of longitudinally extending segments
spacedly secured to said hub with edges in con
fronting relation, the edges of said segments
formed to provide retaining sockets, finger mount
ing blocks con?ned in said sockets and radially ex
tending soft rubber ?ngers secured at their inner
ends in said blocks, said blocks being of soft rub
ber and of symmetrical design so as to be re
versible 190° with said ?ngers in said sockets.
14. In a fowl picking machine a drum compris
ing a shaft. an elongated hub on said shaft, a plu
ANDREW J. TOTI.
WARD E. SNOWDEN.
rality of longitudinally extending segments
Certi?cate of Correction
December 3, 1946.
Patent No. 2,412,108.
ANDREW J. TOTI ET AL.
It is hereby certi?ed that the name of the assignee in the above numbered atent
was erroneously described and speci?ed as “Modesto Manufacturing Co.”, w ereas
said name should have been described and speci?ed as Modesto Products Manufac
tur'ing C'o.; and that the said Letters Patent should be read with this correction therein
that the same may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Oi?ce.
Signed and sealed this 25th day of February, A. D. 1947.
[M]
LESLIE FRAZER,
4
First Assistant Oommz’ssioner of Patents.
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