Dec. 10, 1946. B. HUNTER 2,412,219 ‘ I N v E N T OR BAA/NE .A/uA/TE/Q BY . ATTO RN EY Dec. 10, 1946 B_ HUNTER ' 2,412,219 FILING EQUIPMENT Filed April 20, 1945 I 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 - INVENTOR ‘ 54A/NE HUNT/5R ‘3%); ATTO R N EY Dec. 10, 1946. B. HUNTER 2,412,219 FILING EQUIPMENT Filed April 20, 1945 A 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 k INVENTOR ATTORNEY Patented ‘Dec. 10, 1946 ‘2,412,219 ‘UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,412,219 FILING EQUIPMENT Blaine Hunter, United StatesNavy, ‘ Staten Island, N. Y. Application April 20, 1945, Serial No. 589,423 7 Claims. (Cl. 45-2) 1 2 This invention relates to ?ling systems and equipment. Speci?cally it has to do with the mechanics of making ?les available and facili .at all times be within reach of either the right or left hand of the operator. . . tating the work of ?le clerks in getting material In order. to secure the carriage against acci dentab“ movement the invention contemplates from and distributing material among many ?les. A great many forms of ?ling equipment for vertical ?les are in use, but in large industries brake means which are normally applied and which are released .by the operator through a conveniently located pedal. ' The passage-way between the receptacles along which the carriage is guided is provided at each with their numerous records and extensive turn over of the records, the ?oor area occupied by ?le cabinets is necessarily large and the clerks 10 end with bumper means. Therefore, in order to walk long distances in getting papers from and provide admission for the operator, at least one returning papers to the ?les under their individ of the receptacles has an end section hinged to ual charge. swing out, being normally hooked to hold it in . To relieve the clerks 0f the necessity of walk allned position. The track, which serves as the ing so much in the performance of their‘duties, 15 guide for the carriage, is preferably on a plat an expedient has heretofore been provided in the form .to which the ?ling receptacles are ?xed ex form of traveling cabinets which can be rolled cept as to the hinged end section which is free of back and forth by a clerk seated at a desk ad ' the platform but is connected to the rest of the jacent the path of a cabinet, and thus the de receptacle by the hinges. In this way the equip— sired ?ling space can be brought to the clerk. 20 ment composes a unitary structure which is mov More speci?cally this prior structure is a long, able as a unit. ‘ open top trough-like receptacle for the ?les which Conveniently a table or desk may be provided is mounted to move on antifriction rollers along on the carriage which will extend across the space between the receptacles ,and preferably 25 slightly overhang the receptacles so that ?les are a track. While this construction of ?ling equipment re lieves the clerk of the necessity of walking back not apt to fall between the carriage and recep and forth along the receptacle, it has certain tacles. The seat will normally be located so that definite disadvantages. In the ?rst place it re the pedal is underneath the desk. quires nearly double the floor; space actually oc With this equipment a vsingle operator can cupied by the ?le holder, in order to provide room 30 service two ?le receptacles of considerable length for movement. Also there is a limit to the weight and the physical labor entailed is reduced to a which can be moved with the ordinarily available minimum.v If desired, of course, the carriage can strength of a ?le clerk, and consequently there be provided with automatic motor equipment, but _ is a limit to the practical length of each unit. it has been found that with proper antifriction This invention provides a construction which rolling support for the carriage, it can be manu also permits the clerk or operator to remain ally translated by the operator with the exercise seated while performing the ?ling functions, but of moderate force. which obviates the disadvantages above men Other speci?c features of the invention will ap pear from the following description of the em In accordance with this invention a traveling 40 bodiment of the invention illustrated in the ac carriage is provided for the operator’s seat which companying drawings. rolls upon a track alongside of an elongated ?le Fig. 1 is a perspective showing two equipments receptacle, and preferably two receptacles are embodying the invention. disposed side by side with just enough space for Fig. 2 is a plan of one of the equipments with the carriage and track between them. In this 45 parts broken away and parts in section. way the two ?les are accessible to a single opera Figs. 3, 4 and 5 are details of the carriage and tor who can roll himself back and forth along brake mechanism, Fig. 3 being ‘a plan partially in the ?les as required. section, Fig. 4 being a section on line 4--4 of Fig. More speci?cally the receptacles are long, open 3, and Fig. 5 being a section on line 5-5 of Fig. 3. tioned. , . > top members provided at intervals with ?xed 60 spacers which have a projection on their top edge near the inner end thereof which can be grasped by the operator and pulled or pushed on to move In Fig. 1 are shown two units which are iden tical in construction. A platform or runway I has two ?le'holders or receptacles 2 and 3 dis posed‘ along opposite sides thereof. As shown, the carriage. Preferably the spacers in the two the ?le receptacles are long, open, trough-like receptacles will be staggered so that ‘a spacer will 65 structures supported by legs 4 which are arranged 9,419,819 3 4 pairs at spaced intervals. ‘To secure the re ceptacles to the platform, the platform is shown provided with properly spaced and shaped es along each side to receive the inner legs thus tie the parts together. Also a tie rod I between the receptacles at their forward end may be provided. - The receptacles are provided atlntervals with , Ii totheundersideofthepedal llontheside of the pivot away from the operator. Under the pedalcnthenearsideofthepivotisaspring Ila which is secured to the carriage and bears on the under side of the pedal and tendsto raise the near side of the pedal and apply the brake. 'I'hepedalisofthewidthofthechairandis located so that the feet of the occupant of the chair rest upon it. To release the carriage for ?xed but removable spacers or separators O which may be located in vertical slots, as shown. These 10 movement, the operator pushes down on the pedal and to stop movement of the carriage the operator separators have projections in on their upper . has only to release the pedal. edges at their inner ends where they may be To prevent overrun of the platform, a bumper as ?xed hand grips for pushing and pulling", as . 22 is provided at the front end and a bumper ‘I! will be later described. The separators in the 15 at the back end in the form of a wicket. The operator is thus effectively closed within the pas two receptacles are shown as staggered with re conveniently grasped by an operator and .used spect to each other, so as to assure that a pro jeetion Co on one side or the other will aways ' within convenient reach of the operator. separators are substantially .equally spaced and the staggering is effected by providing a short section at the front end ofv one of the receptacles. - In the construction shown, the short section is at the front end of receptacle 3, and the ?xed sepa rator Oh for that short section does not have a projection since it is out of convenient reach of the operator and would have no function as a sageway of the platform during Operation. To facilitate the operator's access to this space, at least one of the receptacles has a rear end section which is hinged. In the form shown both re ceptacles have such a section, marked respec tively ‘2a and la. These sections have legs to which do not interlock with the platform I as do the legs 4, the ‘platform being cut away to accommodate the legs and the legs being prefer ably provided with casters, as shown. The swinging sections are hinged to the ?xed portions of the receptacles 2 and 3, respectively, by hinges 24 arranged to allow the sections to swing out, hand grip. Ordinarily the short space in front of separator Ob is used for’ transient ?les. The projections la are used for index information ‘as 30 and hook elements 28 provide means to secure the sections against swinging during operation. well as for hand grips. To cover the ?les when not in use, a strip fl The platform I is provided with two rails ‘l is provided for each receptacle which is secured which in the form shown are provided with at one end'to the receptacle and rolled up and V-shape longitudinal grooves having along the held there when not used. It is of a width and bottoms thereof a rod of metal or equivalent length effectively to cover the ?les and has means, material on which run the wheels 8 of a carriage such as button or snap fasteners, to hold its free 9, the grooves serving as guides for the carriage. end in place when serving as a cover. Thecarri-age extends the full spacebetween the receptacles 2 and 3 and is rectangular in shape, It is obvious that the construction shown in being long enough to receive a chair l0 and a 40 the drawings and above particularly described, may be variously changed without departing from table or desk H for the operator. The legs lid the spirit and scope of the invention as de?ned of the desk stand near the edges of the carriage and provide space underneath the desk for a in the claims. The invention described herein may be manu pedal member of the brake mechanism and for operation of the pedal member. The chair is 45 factured and used by or for the Government of preferably ?xed in position but may be made ad the United States of America for governmental justable longitudinally of the carriage by cooper ative angle‘ and channel members l2 and I3 and securing pins I‘ which engage in registering holes purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor. I claim: 1 1. Equipment for ?ling and the like comprising in the cooperative members. 50 a stationary platform, an elongated open top The spacing between the receptacles is such receptacle ?xed upon the platform, guide means that an operator seated in the chair is close to on the platform parallel and in close proximity to each .receptacle and can easily reach the ?les the adjacent side of the receptacle, ?xed sepa in either receptacle. Since‘ the projections on the separators are on the inner sides of the sepa rators, the operator always has one within arms length. A slight pull or push on the ?xed part of the receptacle is all that is necessary to cause the rators spaced at intervals in the receptacle and each having a projection on its top edge at its end abutting said adjacent side, a translatable carriage on the platform having antifriction means guided in the guide means, and a seat for carriage to roll in the desired direction. The top of the desk ll preferably will slightly overhang 60 an operator on the carriage disposed within con venient reach successively of said projections on the inner faces of the receptacles. To prevent inadvertent and undesired move the separators. . ment of the carriage 9, a normally applied brake 2'. Equipment for ?ling and the like compris ing a stationary platform, an elongated open top mechanism is provided. This is shown particu receptacle ?xed upon the platform, guide means larly in Figs. 3, 4 and 5 and is located under the desk.- A pedal or treadle II is pivoted on angle onv the platform parallel and in close proximity to the adjacent side of the receptacle, ?xed sep brackets IS on the carriage 9 through a pivot rod I‘! that passes through the brackets I8 and co arators spaced at intervals in the receptacle and each having a projection on its top edge at its end operative angle brackets" on the under side of the pedal, a head on one end and a nut on the 70 abutting said adjacent side, a translatable 'car riage on the platform having antifriction means other securing the rod II in place. guided in the guide means, a seat for an operator A flat brake shoe I9 is disposed on the under on the carriage disposed within convenient reach side of thecarriage in position to engage the plat successively of said projections on the separators, , form._l. A lug 20 on the brake shoe extends up through the carriage and is connected by linkage brake means on‘the carriage normally engaging 2,412,219 5 the platform and arresting the carriage, and tacle being disposed in transverse planes having pedal operated means adjacent the seat for re staggered relation to the planes of the separators in the other receptacle, and each separator hav leasing the brake means. 3. Equipment for filing and the like compris ing a stationary platform, an elongated open top receptacle ?xed upon the platform, guide means on the platform parallel and in close proximity to the adjacent side of the receptacle, ?xed sep arators spaced at intervals in the receptacle and 1 , i) ing a projection on its top edge at its end ad jacent the guide means, a seat for an operator on the carriage within reach successively of the projections on the separators in both receptacles, and stop means at both ends of the platform lim iting movement of the carriage. 6. Equipment for ?ling and the like compris each having a projection on its top edge at its 10 ing an elongated platform, guide means extend end abutting said adjacent side, a translatable ing lengthwise of the platform, a translatable carriage on the platform having antifriction means guided in the guide means, a seat for an ' carriage on the platform having antifriction operator on the carriage disposed within con-' means guided in the guide means, two elongated venient reach successively of said projections on 15 open top receptacles disposed on opposite sides the separators, a pivoted pedal member on the of the guide means parallel thereto and secured to the platform and spaced approximately the undue in front of the seat extending substan— width of the carriage, ?xed separators spaced at tially across the carriage, a brake member under intervals in each receptacle, those in one recep neath the carriage in position to engage the plat form and having a lug on its upper side accessible 20 tacle being disposed in transverse planes having staggered relation to the planes'of the separators through the carriage, link means connecting the in the other receptacle, and each separator hav lug to the pedal member on the side of the pivot ing a projection on its top edge at its end adja remote from the seat, and spring means tending cent the guide means, a seat for an operator on to raise the side of the pedal adjacent the seat and thus depress the brake member. 25 the carriage within reach successively of the pro jections on the separators in both receptacles, 4. Equipment for ?ling and the like comprising brake means on the carriage normally engaging an elongated platform, guide means extending the platform and arresting the carriage, and lengthwise of the platform, a translatable car Pedal operated means adjacent the seat for re riage on the platform having antifriction means guided in the guide means, two elongated open 30 leasing the brake means. , 7. Equipment for ?ling and the like compris top receptacles disposed on opposite sides of the ing an elongated platform, guide means extend guide means parallel thereto and secured to the ing lengthwise .of the platform, a translatable platform and spaced approximately the width of carriage on the platform having antifriction the carriage, ?xed separators spaced at intervals in each receptacle ‘and each having a projection 35 means guided in the guide means, two elongated open top receptacles disposed on opposite sides on its top edge at its end adjacent the guide of the guide means parallel thereto and secured means, a seat for an operator on the carriage to the platform and spaced approximately the‘ within reach successively of the projections on width of the carriage, ?xed separators spaced. at the separators in both receptacles, tie means se curing the two receptacles together at their for 40 intervals in each receptacle, those in one recep tacle being in transverse planes hav ward ends and limiting movement of the carriage ing staggered relation to the planes of the sep in that direction, and a bumper limiting move-' arators in the other receptacle, and each sepa ment of the carriage at the rear end of the plat rator having a projection on its top edge at its form, at least one of the receptacles having a sec tion at its rear end free of the platform and 45 end adjacent the guide means, a seat for an op- > a?” to swing out and afford access to the car e. 5. Equipment for ?ling and the like compris ing an elongated platform, guide means extend erator on the carriage within reach successively of the projections on the separators in both re ceptacles, brake means on the carriage normally engaging the platform and arresting the carriage, ' ing lengthwise of the platform, a translatable 60 pedal operated means adjacent the seat for re carriage on the platform having antifriction means guided in the guide means, two elongated open top receptacles disposed on opposite sides of the guide means parallel thereto and secured ' to the platform and spaced approximately the width of‘ the carriage, ?xed separators spaced at 55 intervals in‘each receptacle, those in one recep leasing the brake means, and a work rest on the carriage disposed over the pedal operated means and approximately at the level of the said- pro jections and extending across the space between the receptacles. ' BLAINE HUNTER.