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Dec. 10, 1946.
'
A. o. BUCKIUS
2,412,250
JOURNAL BOX LID
Filed Sept. 2. 1942
2. Sheets-Sheet 1
‘Q3
INVENTOR‘
.
Albert 0. B‘ Ck ius
mwuimcim
Dec. 10, 1946.
A.- o. 'BUCKIUS
-
2,412,250
JOURNAL BOX LID _
Filed Sept. 2, 1942
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Fig.
INVENTOR'
,
Al art 0. Buck {us
“am A w
\
ATTORN'EY
2,412,250
Patented Dec. 10, 1946
UNITED STATES PATENT * OFFICE’ ',
' 2,412,250
JOURNAL BOX LID.’
Albert 0. Buckius, Cleveland Heights, Ohio, as
signor to National Malleable ‘and Steel Cast
ings Company, Cleveland, Ohio, ajcorporation
of Ohio
Application September 2, 1942, Serial No. 457,037
8 Claims. (Cl. 308-47)
1
' _ This invention pertains to a journal box lid for
closing the opening at the front end of a railway
journal box.
'
I
.
It is an object of the invention to construct a
two-piece journal box lid retaining all of the ad
vantages of previous lids and which is considera
bly less expensive to produce. Contributing to
the reduction in the cost of producing the lid is
the elimination of all machining operations from
the parts. Moreover, the parts are so arranged
that av coil spring can be used which is not bent
and ground flat on the ends, thus saving the cost
the hinge pin l4. At the lower end of the hous
ing is an outwardly extending spherical protuber
ance 15 with ?anges I‘G'and H on either side
thereof, The closure member I8 is formed'with
a U-shaped yoke l9 extending outwardly from, the
closure member. On the inner side of member I!)
is a spherical socket 20 adapted to receive the
spherical protuberance IE on- the housing. mem
ber to form a pivotal connection betweenthe
10 closure and housing members. On either side of
socket 2B and adjacent ?anges l6 and I1’, the
yoke I9 is formed with ?anges 2| and 22 which
serve to limit pivotal movement of the closure
_
member in the plane of the journal rbox opening ‘
Another advantage of the invention is that the
closure part of the lid can not become displaced 15 and also limit longitudinal movement of the
closure member relative to the housing.
from the housing,‘ even though the spring that
On the inner wall of housing member I2 is a
normally maintains the parts in assembled rela
_ .spherical socket 23 adapted to receive a ball pro,
tion is broken and even though the spring may
of this grinding operation.
jection 24 of springlever 25 for pivoting the‘lever
be broken into pieces small enough that they be
on the housing member. The upper end 26 of the
20
come lost from the lid. Means is also provided for
lever engages forward surface 21 of hinge lug II
maintaining the closure part of the lid in such
in the usual manner. 'The lower end of the lever
relation to the mouth of the journal box opening
' is formed with a pocket 28 adapted to receive one
.that the closure will return to the same position
end of spring 29. Closure member I8 is depressed v
on the mouth opening at successive openings and
25 "inwardly at its central portion to form a pocket
closings of the lid.
‘
r
u 30 receiving the other end of spring 29.
Other objects and advantages of the invention
.‘It has been customary in previous journal box
will be understood from the following detailed
lids of this type to bend and grind the ends of the
description, taken in conjunction with the draw
coil spring ?at. However, this resulted in a loss
ings, in which:
of the use of approximately one-half of a coil at
. Figure l is a side elevation of a journal box lid
each end of the spring. In the present lid by
embodying the invention, applied to a journal
.using a coil spring with unbent and unground
_ box.
ends, the material is used more efficiently since
Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view taken on the
the two ends by being left unbent and unground,
center line of the lid and accompanying journal
box, the lid being shown in closed position in full 35 have the result of increasing by approximately
one the number of e?ective coils in the spring.
lines and in opened position in dot-dash lines.
Thus with a spring of this construction the travel '
Figure 3 is a transverse sectional view taken
on line 3—3 of Fig. 2.
.
-
a
,
from free height to solid height is greater than
with a spring of equal free height in which the
ends have been bent and ground ?at.
To provide some stability to the spring when
it is in operating position bottom wall 33 of pocket
' ' ‘
Figure 4 is a front view of the lid with portions
of the housing and closure members broken away.
Figure 5 isa partial view of an end of the lever.
Figure 6 is a partial View showing the spring
seat in the bottom of the closure member.
Figure 7 is a view of the spring, showing the un
bent and unground ends thereof; and
V
_ _
Figure 8 is a partial sectional view of the spring
' 30 is sloped relative to the center line of the spring
so that a portion of the bottom coil is in contact
45 ‘with said wall, Likewise wall 34 of pocket 28 is
' sloped to provide some contact with the opposite
end of the spring. Abutments 31 and 38.,are
formed in pockets 28 and 30 respectively to en
seating .portionof the closure member, showing
the spring before torsion is placed on Rte main
tain the closure member in a given relation to the
housing member.
.
‘
y,
gage the ends of the coils of the spring and pre
50 vent rotation thereof about its longitudinal axis.
These abutments are formed by sloping projec
tions 35 and 36 which projections are spaced from
the adjacent coils of the spring so that there is
In the drawings the journal ‘box ID has the
usual hinge lug llv formed with an opening to re
ceive the hinge pin M which joins the lid to the
journal box. I The two-part lid comprises'a hous
ing l2 having openings 13 therein for receiving
no contact therebetween during normal opera
55
ftioniof‘ the device. I ,Thus withthe arrangement
2,412,256
3
4
shown the last coil at each end of the spring, in
addition to the remaining coils, is under initial
compressionand in case of spring breakage the
?cient amount to permit the lower. end of lever
end coils as well as the remainder of the spring
are available to compensate for the loss in de
closure member until the springis compressed to
its solid height, When in this position there is
sufficient room between theouter surface of the
lever andthe inner surface of yoke I9 to slide
25 to be placed on the outer end of the spring.
The lever and spring are then forced toward the
?ection caused by the broken coil.
Although spring breakage is not a common 00.
currence, considerable damage may result if
?ange ll of the housing‘m'ember between the
means is not provided to prevent loss of the 010-. a . yoke and lever. During this step in the assem
sure member from the lid when a spring breaks.‘ 1.0. bly, the upper end of the housing is tipped away
Loss of the closure member would permit’dirtanjd
moisture to enter the box and’contaminate. the
oil and thereby damaging?thebearing.
jfrgmjthe closure member and then gradually
swung ‘toward the closure member as ?ange l1
the .
.,and;ba_;1l;;-i5 progressively slide between the yoke
'; and ‘thehpo'oketis?. of the lever. When flange I1
present invention the housing, closure member.
and the lever are held in operative relation sole
has passed lthe-ginner endrofr ?ange 22, ball l5
ly by means of spring 29. By theuse vof a coil
may be moved up into its position in socket 20.
spring with unbent and unground ends su?icient
w‘springi?xislthen released and the assembly is
complete In applying the lid to a journal box
initial compression can be placed on the “spring »
7
a wedge may be inserted between the inner wall 7
within the space limitations present, that break;
age of, a ,single coil _wi1lnot__'elimina,te all of the 20 of_ housing 42 and pocket 34 of the lever which
initial compression ‘of/the spring. ‘ _Moreover,;even
willjjforce; the upper Lend {off the ; lever‘towar I the
though '_. the spring ebreaks
-'se_ver_al pieces lal
housingia su?i'cient'amount to permit-pin‘ ['4 in
lowing the housing member to move - toward I‘ the
and
be passed
‘journal
through
(box.v theyopenings
I
> in;the ‘
closurejmember; ?ange; i ‘i vvwill prevent the closure
member from ,‘dropping ‘downwardly relative to
~
'
Lids" are “sometimes made with corrugations ' on
the housing. “In the event of breakage of the
‘springyto such an extent thatjthereis no initial
the journal box‘ engaging surfaceas-shown
‘ ‘I
rI‘hese corrugations ~_~wear into the journal box]
e-face- and 'l-prov-ide- a tight-seal which keeps out
‘compression remaining, the-lever and ‘housing
'wi'llmo'veby gravity toward the closuremember,
dirt. 'l-lowever, if -~corr~ugationslareusedf-means .
since the lid as a whole is at an angleto the ver "30 ~must~ be‘ provided to 1 make ' certain that *the' lid
tical. ‘Even if the leverandhousing were to move
seats in? the same place‘ upon successive’iclosings
toward thegclosure until-the bottom end of ‘the
thereof, otherwise ' the-grooves that’ had-been pre
lever ‘ contacted: the adjacent surface of I the clo
sure memben'flange i ‘I would‘stillbe in 'o'verlap~' '
viously worn in the journal/boxlface-by the-cor
rugations on ‘the “lid,~#wil1~ be_\.obli-terated;4 JIn.
~8~there is shown‘ a"; partial‘ transverse {sectional
pingrelationto flange 22 of the closure-member,
thus preventing-the lattergfrom moving down
wardly and falling o?'of‘the v‘journal box. In
addition ‘I’ provide ether means between the le
verwand the closure memberior preventing loss
‘view th'roughthe housingmémber'of the'lidF-Y’As- '
. sumingrone end of lspring~29 to belin- engagement
of the? closure‘- member. ' Extending downwardly
'from-thelow'er end of- thelever is a‘projectio’n 40‘
having an opening-‘e! which is adapted to- re'-'
fvvhenvend 52 ‘is Y vforced »into-contactl-withgabut
with abutment‘ Sliof the-‘lever; theiopposite-end
~52» extends i slightly-‘beyond{abutment {3810? the >
housing- when -> not vlin ‘engagement étherewith;
<ment- .381 the vsprin'‘gLis4placeolunder torsion. li'Ilhi's
ceive a projection 42 on ~the~closure member in‘
torsion-tends to-rotate' the closurememben-rel:
the event that 's'prin'gbreakage permits theilever .
to-lmove a sunicient distancetowardlthe closure is
member. ~VIn=-this connection ‘it will be-obse'rved
.ative'to the housing until one of. stops¢53 onv the
housing engages the adjacent-surfaceion~the»,cloi » '
sure-member; . i'Ilherefore; -during-successiveLclos- ,
that socket =23 on the-housingterminates in in
v-~w~ard projections '43and-4? which overlap ball 24 -
zingsof-the‘ilidlt'he closure member :will: alw'ayslbe
~in.tthe--.-same_position relative towtheajaceiPoi/the "
vonnthe lever/Thus the lever may :movea limited
amount towards the closure member without ?ball
24‘ being’ displaced from ‘its socket ' 23.
i-Elangesi l6,‘ Il- and" 2!;"22; have another func
tion than thatjofl-preventingseparation.of the
box and any’ grooves that have worniinto .the‘ifac‘e
50 ' by corrugations? 5 i, will .be in alignmentlwith? said‘
‘corrugations. I
_
.
Stops 54 on the lower end of'member‘ l8 limit '
transverse-tiltingiof;thel closure: m'emberato; ai‘p're- . 1
housing “and i'closure members’. .It-will » be ob- '
:determined amount .and _ still 1 permit 1 .Ts‘u?ici‘ent 7'
served that'the clearance between'theseflanges is '155 .tiltin'g :toassure ‘contact: of they lid-'on- both~ sides .
small» and only su?lcient to I permit -~a~-limited ;
ofrthepijournalabox opening;
amount-of universal pivotal movement between ‘
_'
"
>,
.
..
A‘I‘he terms.and-expressions=which I hav' em
theihousing and closure so as» to assurelproper s'eating'o?theclosure on the journal-box} In ‘
ployed’are used as terms of description? and not
.ofzvlimitation, . and I" have no intention; in: the {use
opening the lid, if'itwerenot for these ?anges the ' 60 (of; .such terms and-expressions, . of excluding; any
"closure member would be rotated-relative to the ‘ equivalents of the>features~showntlanddescribed '
ihousing toié-a considerablewextentv *However,
,i?anges i?iand llengage flanges Hand 22 after
Yailimit'ed amountloftrelative angular. movement
zbetweenthe. housingand closureumemb‘ersand
‘thereafter .the two members move as a unit. to
zopened ‘position of ‘the lid/In. closing the lid
3
‘
65
‘
‘?ange 5953i} the'upper end of the’closure member
I “engages the-‘housingandeprevents further vrela- .
-ti-'V_e rotation of» the-members so'that theyiwill "
move toclosed position‘ as a-unit. ‘
.or' portions‘. ‘thereof; but 'i recognize? that} various
modi?cations arepossible withinlthe s'eope of-jthe 1
invention “claimed. ‘
Whatvlclaim'ilszi
‘
7
g
"
"
‘ g1». Aljournal box‘ lid comprisingia 'cl‘osu
1-.
mem
ber and 1 va housing member,’ means ffOI'
“said members ‘forgwlimiiedagibu
""
V
~The steps-inassembling; the various parts of
‘ ‘my-journal-boxzilid' arevaslfollowsqjSpring129 is
'j?rst; placedfin pocket 30 .Of“ ‘the closure, “member
1 jand-cemp'ressedby meansof a suitable tool’a suf
resesar a. lever. pirotally,mountedmlsaidlhous .p
member; spring means; between an end ofsaili
layer...andnaidnlosurehslnberadapt f?brou
said"'1ever,‘-to maintain said ‘projectionin‘ saidv
I .
2,412,260
5
recess, and a substantially horizontal ?ange on
said lever longitudinally of said housing member
said housing member extending. outwardly of
when said lever tends to move bodily away from
said housing.
and overlapping said closure member in the
5. In a journal box lid a housing member and
region of said recess adapted to limit longitudinal
a closure member, means joining said members
movement of said closure member relative to said
for a limited amount of universal pivotal move
housing member in the event that said spring
ment relative to each other, a lever pivotally
means becomes incapable of maintaining said
mounted in said housing member, said lever be
projection in said recess.
ing adapted to move bodily away from said hous
2. A journal box lid comprising a closure
member adapted to close the opening in one end 10 ing member, spring means normally maintaining
said lever in engagement with said housing
of a journal box, a yoke extending outwardly
member, a projection extending downwardly
from said closure member and formed with a
from said lever, said projection having an open
spherical socket, said yoke having a substantially
horizontal ?ange on each side of said socket ex
tending outwardly of said closure member, a
housing member having one end adapted to be
pivotally secured to a journal box and having its
other end formed with a, spherical projection ?t
ting into said socket, a lever pivoted intermedi
ate its ends in said housing member for limited
universal movement relative thereto, spring
15
ing therein and a projection on said closure mem
ber adapted to be received in said opening upon
bodily movement of said lever toward said closure
member to prevent loss of said lever due to break
age of said spring means.
closure member adapted to force the other end
of said lever against the hinge lug on a journal
box, and means on said housing member extend
ing outwardly therefrom on each side of and
6. A journal box lid comprising housing and
closure members, a lever pivotally mounted in
said housing member, coil spring means between
said lever and closure member continuing along
substantially the same helix throughout the en
tire extent thereof, and stop means on said lever
and closure member adapted to engage the ends
of said spring means to limit rotation about the
spaced from said ?anges adapted to limit pivotal
longitudinal axis thereof.
means between one end of said lever and said
movement of said closure member relative to
said housing.
3. In a journal box lid a housing member and '
a closure member, means joining said members
for a limited amount of universal pivotal move
,
7. A journal box lid comprising housing and
closure members, a lever pivotally mounted in
said housing member, coil spring means between
said lever and closure member continuing along
substantially the same helix throughout the en
tire extent thereof, and stop means on said lever
and closure member adapted to engage the ends
of said spring means to limit rotation about the
longitudinal axis thereof said stop means being
so positioned as to place said spring means in
torsion when assembled in said members.
member, and projecting means on said lever
8. A journal box lid comprising a closure mem
having an opening therein adapted to receive
projecting means on said closure member to limit 40 ber and a housing member, means for joining
said members for a, limited amount of universal
movement of said lever longitudinally of said
pivotal movement comprising a spherical recess
housing member when said lever tends to move
in said closure member and a spherical projec
bodily away from said housing.
tion on said housing member received in said
4. In a journal box lid a housing member and
a closure member, means joining said members 45 recess, a substantially horizontal ?ange on said
ment relative to each other, a lever pivotally
mounted in said housing member, said lever be—
ing adapted to move bodily away from said hous
ing member, spring means normally maintain
ing said lever in engagement with said housing
for a limited amount of universal pivotal move
closure member on each side of said recess ex
tending outwardly of said lid and a substantially
horizontal ?ange on said housing member spaced
from and adjacent each of said ?rst named
ing member, spring means normally maintaining 50 ?anges adapted to engage said first named
?anges to limit said pivotal movement of said
said lever in engagement with said housing mem
closure member relative to said housing member.
ber, said lever having an opening therein and
a projection on said closure member adapted to
ALBERT o. BUCKIUS.
be received in said opening to limit movement of
ment relative to each other, a lever pivotally
mounted in said housing member, said lever be—
ing adapted to move bodily away from said hous
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