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D@n 10,1946.
«
O_HOLM-HANS’ÈN
.
2,412,401
ROOFING CONSTRUCTION
Filed Dec. 2, 1944
IN VEN TOR.
0s m um! f/a/m ‘Ha/mw?
Patented Dec. l0, 1946
l.2,412,401
vUNiTlsp STATESA PATENT orFlCEf
ROOFING CONSTRUCTION
Osmund -Holm-Hansen, Fairñeld, Conn., asslgnor
of two-thirds to John N. Ledbetter, -Jr., New
York, N. Y.
Application December 2, -1944,- serial No. 566,262l
s claims. (cima-13)
1
This invention relates to an improvement in
rooting construction; and particularly to a novel
roofing element and means for ailixìng same in
position.
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An object of the, invention is to provide a roof
ing element or shingle shaped out of metal and
capable of being quickly and inexpensively pro
duced bv machine, and means whereby such 'an
>element can be easily and firmly secured in place,
and adapted to make a’perfectly tight and dura
ble outer covering for any type of edifice.
e
Another object of the invention is to provide
improvements in rooñng members which can be
mounted 'and attached by unskilled help, with a
minimum amount of overlapping of parts; which
2
dicated, t0 form flanges 3. In practice the trans
verse curvatureY of the shingle I conforms to a
catenary or a parabola; because when loaded
with snow, for example, it tends to `bend in ac
cordingly. The size will ordinarily be about a
`foot in width and six or eight feet long. When
made of copper it- will be only some .006 inch
thick. Besides copper I may also use phosphor
bronze, copper and aluminum alloy, steel sheets.
10 oxidized, colored, painted or covered with porce
lain enamel. Copper of course will oxidize and
turnv green in time. The material is light and
' its cost is small, and when it weathers, ithas the
desired patina.
y
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The upper or‘outer concave surface 2 may be
is of ysuch shape as tobe able to carry a load " smooth, as in Figure 1 or ribbed crosswise as
- shown at -4 in Figure 7. Here the shingle is laid
to advantage when covered with snow or sleet;
15
and yet require nothing but light material to pro
-so that it slopes-downward from right to left.
The form thus resembles ordinary shingles or
duce same; and which'further is of such design `
_
as to permit- lcontraction and expansion caused 20 Spanish tiles.
by temperature ,changes without strain, deforma
To mount and hold the elements on the outer
or upper surface of the roof 5 (Figure 6) and
tion, or impairment of any kind. "
facilitate fastening them in position I employ
The advantages of the'invention will appear
from the ensuing description, taken with the ac
the members illustrated in Figures 2, 3, 4 and 5.
companying drawing, which discloses the best 25 These consist of a mounting and holding strip
6 to support the shingles; and a locking strip or
' form of the improvement now known to me. But
member I2. Both are made of metal strips
, the disclosure is of course by way of explanation
only, and not by way of limitation; and in prac
formed by machine.
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tice, I reserve the right to make various changes
Each holder strip has a wide flanged base 1,
which is aflixed to the roof 5 by means of fasten
in details which do not conñict with the prin
ciple of the invention or 'go beyond its scope.
ing devices 9 driven through the base; or nails 8
On said drawing:
.
having heads that overlap the edge of the base.
Y Figure 1 is a perspective View of my improved
From the base rise opposing ribs I0, with their
rooñng element or shingle.
' upper edges turned downward and inward, as at
Figure- 2is a side View vof part of a fastening 35 II. The locking strips I2 have a convex head
' or top I3; and a web I4, consisting of parallel
or locking strip to hold the shingles in position
sides I5 with shoulders I6. The edges of the sides
are spaced apart -and converge beyond the shoul
Figure 4 is a side view of part of a holding or '
ders I6. The sides can be forced towards each
40 other to ñt into the mounting strips between the ï
mounting strip for the roofing element.
Figure 5 is an end elevation of the holding or
sides I0 thereof and the sides' III will yield enough
mounting strip.
__
to allow the shoulders I6 -to pass the inturned
>Figuren is a cross' sectional view of part of a
edges II. These edges will‘abut'the shoulders I5
onaroof.
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Figure 3 is an end elevation of such a strip.
when the mounting and locking strips are in ful
roof showing how the shingles are secured in place
Aby the holding and locking bars ~or strips.
Figure '7 is al longitudinal section _through a
Figures 8 and 9 arev .cross sections of modi
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The same numerals identify » the same parts
throughout.
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engagement.
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l'I'o attach the shingles I, these are laid as pre- ».
sented in Figure 6. The mounting` and locking
` modified form of shingle', and
fications.
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The roofing element is indicated as a whole at
It is made in ‘a suitable machine, with a con
Á'strips are affixed to the roof as far apart as the
vwidth of the shingles and the latter rest on the
sides I0 of the strips 6, with their parts or flanges
3 between said sides.. When the locking strips
are added the shoulders I6 catch or detent por
tions pass below the extremities of the inturned
edges I I, holding the part 3 in tight contact |with
cave 'face' 2,-and with its opposite longitudinal
edges turned over towards the other face,l as in 55 the parts -I I', and a binding ñt results. The head
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l 2,412,401
4 .
I3 overlaps the ribs l0 and the joint between the` l ' elements having downturned ñanges along their
edges -received between said ribs t and «locking
i sides of the shingles thus is sealed.
strips having webs received between said ribs and
engaging said flanges, and heads overlapping said
The shingles and strips are laid down the slope
- 'of the roof; and when the roof has two sides,
usually no more than two shingles are needed; 5
ribs.
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the upper overlapping the lower. The shingles
2. Covering fora building comprising mount
are all nailed at one end only in the middle, as
ing strips each having a base with ribs thereon,
,surface elements- supported by said ribs, said ele
ments having vdownturned flanges along their
done at the point closest to the roof surface. The 10 edges received between said ribs, said elements
indicated at I1. They approach but do not quite
make contact with the lroof 5, and the nailing is
havingconcave outer- surfaces, and being amxed
shingles are then free to expand or contract
at one end only, and locking strips having webs
lengthwise, and any crosswise changes due to a.
- received between said ribs and engaging. said
rise or fall in temperature are free to occur be
flanges and heads overlapping said ribs.
cause ofthe curvature of the shingles. At the
ridge of the roof the ends of the shingles are cov 15 v3. Roofing construction comprisingA mounting
strips each having a- base and ribs thereon, the
ered or screened in any feasible manner, this is
tops of said ribs being turned down into the space
not being a part of the invention herein.
lFrom the foregoing description, it is apparent
that I have perfected a rooñng construction
between said ribs, roofing surface elements sup- - "
.ported on said ribs and having downturned
_ which fully realizes all the aims and purposes of 20 flanges along.their sides received between said
ribs, and locking strips having webs formed of
my invention. _
separated detent portions between said ribs and
When the shingles are nailed to the roof, a
engaging said flanges and the edges- of said tops,
‘ washer Ila can be employed under each point
and heads overlapping said ribs.
where a _nail isv driven -to keep the'shingle from
being bent down into actual contact with the _roof 25 _ 4. VCovering f_or a building comprising
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mount
5. Where the shingles overlap, the lower only is
fastened at its’top in' this way, the other being
ing strips each having a base with ribs thereon,
secured at a point near .the upper end; as shown
ments ,having downturned ñanges along ' their
surface elements supported by said ribs, said-ele
edges received between said ribs, said elementsA I
1.
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In Figure 8 the construction is shown withra 30 having concage outer'surfaces and being amxed
at one end only, the tops of said ribs beingv turned l
slight change. vInstead of‘having shoulders i5,_
down into the space between them, and locking
the ends of the edges of the web/portions I4 of the
strips having webs formed of' separated detent.
receiving strips are simply turned `over and up.
portions received between said ribs and engaging'
When the locking members secure the shingles in
in Figure
the receiving members 6, which are the same as 35 saidflanges and the edges of said- tops, and heads- ` »
overlapping said ribs.
before, the turned-over extremities I5’ simply
slip down past the edges of the parts Il. and go
under them; serving as detent or catches, like ‘Y
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5. Roofing construction comprising'mountin'g` ‘
strips each having a base and spaced ribs there'
on, the tops of said ribs being turned downÄinto`
I6.
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The modiñcation of Figure 9 showsa mount I4.0 the space between said ribs, roofing surface ele
the shoulders
ments supported on said ribs- and having down
ing or supporting strip or rib l0' with a base or
turned flanges- along their sides received between
flange 1' 'attached to the roof 5. This member
said ribs, and locking strips having webs formed
l0’ has a triangular bead l I’ extending along the
of separated portions. with edges presentedl out-l '
top, Along one edge the shingles each will have
a channel-shaped bead 3a arranged at aslant so 45 Ward between said ribs and engaging said flanges v
and the edges of said tops, and 'heads overlapping
that it ñts upon this bead I I’.. Along the opposite
side edges the shingles are shaped so as to pre'
Y 'ksaid ribs.
sent a hollow round bead 3b, which forms-a lock
-ing member integral withthe shingle and ñts up
6, Covering-for a building comprisingmount
ing strips each having a base with ribs thereon, _
on and over the bead Il’l and the bead part 3a 50 surface elements supported by said ribs, said ele
ments having downturned flanges along their`
of the adjacent shingle along its length. _The ñt
edges received between said ribs, said elements .n
is made right enough to hold lthe shingles per-having concave outer surfaces- and being affixed î
manently in place; >and the edge -of the member
at one end- only; the tops of said„ribs being>
3b serves as a catch to secure the bead part 3a
against the bent part H’ along the length of the 55 turned down into the.space between them,- and
»lockingy strips having webs formed of separated?>` ~ K.
rib I0.
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detent portions received between` said ribs and Y'
Having described my/invention lwhat I` believe>
to be new is:
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1. Roofing construction comprising mounting
strips, each having a base with ribs thereon, »roofh 80
ing surface elements supported `by said ribs, said
engaging said -ñanges and theje'dges-of said tops, '_ ,
and heads overlapping said ribs. g '
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7
` OÉMUND Hom-HANSEN.
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