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2,412,472. -
_c_ D, RYAN ET AL
POSTAGE PRINTER
Original Filed April 29, 1940
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C. D. RYAN ET AL
2,412,472 .
POSTAGE PRINTER
Original Filed April 29, 1940
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTORS
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c. D. RYAN ET AL
2,412,472
'
POSTAGE PRINTER
Original Fiied April 29, 1940
5 Sheets-Sheet s
INVENTORS
Ennis B Sager
Ernesé 1i. Bergman‘:
Commodore Dji an
M‘ ATTORN E
’
2,412,472
C. D. RYAN ET AL
POSTAGE PRINTER
Original Filed April 29, 1940
5 Sheets-Sheet 4 '
INVENTORS
Frank BS0172)‘
Ei‘nesi' ?uBe-rylnar/c
CoYmmoofore ,DRZZ/j
@?W%N;<§a7
Dec. 10, 1946.’
C. D. RYAN 'ETAL
2,412,472 _
POSTAGE PRINTER
Original Filed April 29, 1940
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2,412,472
Patented Dec. 10, 1946
UNITED‘ STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,412,472
POSTAGE PRINTER
Commodore D. Ryan, Los Angeles, Frank P.
Sager, Alhambra, and Ernest R. Bergmark, Los
Angeles, Calif., assignors to Commercial Con
trols Corporation, a corporation of Delaware
Griginal application April 29, 1940, Serial No.
332,305. Divided and this application August
13, 1942, Serial No. 454,686
5 Claims. (01. 101-91)
1
2 ' .
Figure 10' is a fragmentary sectional View taken
This invention relates to an indicia printing
mechanism adapted for use in the printing drum
of a postage value printing and recording meter
substantially along the line IB—l? of Figure 6;
Figure 11 is a developed view of the type faces
of the date printing wheels;
or the like.
Figure 12 is a fragmentary sectional View
taken substantially along the line l2—l2 of Fig
One of the objects of this invention is to pro
vide an indicia printing mechanism for a post
age meter or the like which is simple and sturdy
ure 14:;
in construction and durable under rigorous use.
Figure 13 is a view taken substantially along
Another object is to provide a printing mecha
the line 13-!3 of Figure 14 to show the various
nism of the above character which is compact h) manually operable printing indicia adjusting
but yet readily accessible for adjustment and
setting operations when installed on the postage
meter. Another object is to provide a printing
mechanism of the above nature characterized by
levers;
‘
'
Figure 14 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional
Viewv taken substantially along the line Iii-14
of Figure 13;
'
'
c
Figure 15 is a fragmentary sectional view taken
substantially along the line l5-l5 of Figure 12;
different types of indicia movable to and from ‘
printing register at will to effect the printing
Figure 16 is a fragmentary sectional view taken I
of postage values of different types. Other ob
substantially along the line |6—i6 of Figure '15;
jects will be in part apparent and in part pointed
out hereinafter.
and,
The invention accordingly consists in the fea 20 Figure 1''! is a perspective view of the under
side of the advertising slogan printing plate.
tures of construction, combinations of elements,
and arrangements of parts as will be exempli?ed
Similar reference characters refer to similar
parts throughout the various views of the draw
in the structure to be hereinafter described, and
the scope of the application of which will be in
dicated in the following claims.
This application is a division of Patent No.
ings.
a
-
ranged when opened to expose only the town circle
48, date and slogan 9'! printing dies.
The town circle is carried by a primary frame
l3 (Figure 6) which is slidably mounted in the
printing drum opening 3l2 and the date printing
2,371,070, issued to Frank P. Sager et al., on
March 9, 1945.
In the drawings,
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a mail treating
machine having installed therein a postage
meter equipped with our indicia printing mecha
wheels are mounted in a secondary frame it
(Figure 9) which is slidably mounted withinthe
primary frame I3. Adjusting means l5 (Figure
6) is provided for moving the secondary frame
msm;
Figure 2 is a secttional view taken substantially
along the line 2-—2 of Figure 12, and shows the
type bar for printing “Sec. 562 P. L. 8: R.” on
third class matter in printing position;
Figure 3 is a view similar to Figure 2, but show
ing the type bar withdrawn from printing posi
‘
The printing drum housing door 682 is ar
> relative to said primary frame and a second ad
justing means 18 is provided to position the pri
mary and secondary frames as a unit relative to
the printing drum 332.
_
_
The primary frame I 3 includes two U shaped
frame members I‘! and I8 (Figures '7 and 9)
maintained in spaced relation by a pair of blocks
l9 and 20, said blocks being positioned at the
tion;
Figure 4 illustrates the face vportion of the
type bar shown in Figures 2 and 3;
Figure 5 is a fragmentary sectional view taken
lower corners‘ of said, U shaped frame members
substantially along the line 5—-5 of Figure 2;
and securely fastened'thereto by means of rivets
Figure 6 is a sectional view on an enlarged 45 2!,whilethe upper ends of the two. frame mem
scale, taken substantially along the line 6-6 of
Figure 12;
bers areofastened to the town circle supporting
block 22 (Figure 6) by means of screws 23.
.
' This
Figure '7 is a left side elevation of the town
cycle and date wheel assembly as it would appear
when removed from the printing drum;
structure forms a more or less rectangular frame
in which is slidably mounted the secondary frame
The secondary frame includes two substan
tially L shaped frame members 24 and 25 (Fig
50 Hi.
Figure 8 is a sectional view taken substan
tially along the line 8—8 of Figure 7;
Figure 9 is a right-hand elevation of the town
cycle and date wheel assembly as it would. ap
pear when. removed from the‘ printing drum; ~
ure 12).
5.5
These L shaped frame members are
arranged so that their horizontally extending
portions are interconnected by means of a tongue
26 formed on the frame member 25 and a groove
‘
2,412,472
4
to simultaneously print the date along with the
printing of the town circle. As may be observed
in Figures 6, 9 and 12', the printing surface of
2'! in the frame member 24 to thereby form a
substantially U shaped frame. The upwardly
extending portions of each of said L shaped
members 24 and 25 are provided with guideways
the town circle die 48 has a curvature coinci
dental with the circumference of the printing
"drum. The type faces of the date printing wheels
28 (Figures '7 and 9) for slidably engaging the
vertically extending arms of the U shaped frame
members H and I8. The lower end of the sec
are of a suitable arcuate contour in a transverse
plane so that when turned into printing position,
the said arcuate contour will likewise coincide
rectangular block 29 (Figures 6 and '7) machined
to slidably fit into the rectangular opening 10 with the periphery of the printing drum.
ondary frame is in the form of a substantially
When the machine is to be operated for treating
second and third class mail matter, it is necessary
formed in the lower end of the primary frame
between its two side plates ‘and end blocks.
The date printing wheels are mounted between
the vertically extending portions 30 and 3! of
to render the date printing wheels inoperative
to print the date within the town circle and for
this purpose the printing wheels are mounted
within the secondary frame 14 (Figures 9 and
12) and may be retracted relative to the primary
frame l3 by any suitable means, as for example,
by an eccentric shaft 5! (Figure 6) journaled in
no bearings 52 and 53 carried by the end blocks 19
the secondary frame by means of a ?anged shaft '
32. The ?ange 33 (Figure 12) 'of said shaft is
seated in counterbore 34 formed in the inner face
of the vertical portion 30 of the secondary frame
member and locked against rotation by‘ means
' of dowel pin 35 (Figure 7) while the ends of
said shaft are mounted in suitable bores formed
in the secondary frame portions 30 and 3| (Fig
ure 9). The date circle printing wheel support
ing shaft 32 between the secondary frame por
tions 39 and 3| is provided with three eccentric
u
and 20 respectively of the primary frame. The
eccentric shaft is maintained against longitudi
nal displacement by means of an annular groove
54 and a key pin 55. The portion of the shaft
intermediate the primary frame end blocks is
steps of different diameter. The eccentricity of
provided with an eccentric portion 56 which ec
these steps generally follows the circumference
of the printing drum.
centric portion extends through the secondary
frame groove 21. The eccentric portion 56 closely
As may be observed in Figure ‘12, the date
printing Wheel shaft 32 isv mounted within the
printing drum considerably above and to one side
?ts within said groove so that as the shaft is
of its center of rotation and therefore, it is de
sirable to provide this shaft with three eccentric
bearing surfaces of different diameter to permit
the use of date printing wheels of more nearly
the same overall diameter.
rotated, for example, in a clockwise direction
as viewed in Figure 12, the eccentric portion will
engage the lower surface of groove 2‘! and as a
result will force the secondary frame downwardly
with respect to the primary frame. This down
ward movement of the secondary frame will re
tract the printing wheels to their non-printing
positions.
The smaller of the three eccentric bearing sur
For convenience in operating the eccentric
faces 36 supports a printing wheel 31, having the
shaft 5|, it is provided at its forward end with
months of the year engraved thereon. J ournaled
upon the second eccentric bearing surface 38 are 40 an operating key 5]. Means are provided for
yieldingly maintaining the eccentric shaft in
two date printing wheels 39 and Gil which may
either one of its two extreme operating positions,
be adjusted to print the days of the month, and
namely when the date wheels are in position for
journaled upon the third eccentric bearing sur
printing or retracted to their non-printing posi
face M are two printing wheels 42 and 43 for
printing the last two ?gures of the year.
Each of the printing wheels just referred to
is provided with a detent mechanism for yield
ingly maintaining its respective wheel in a‘ se
lected printing position. As the detent mecha
nism for each of the printing wheels is identical,
the detent mechanism for the months of the
year printing wheel will be described. By refer
ence to Figure 12 it may be observed that the
months of the year printing wheel 39 is provided
with detent notches 4.4, one for each printing face
‘ tions, which detent means may include provid
ing the portion of the eccentric shaft which ex
tends through bearing 52 with two spaced detent
notches 58 (Figure 10) and yieldingly urging a
detent ball 59 into engagement with one or the
other of said notches. The ball and its com
pression spring 60 are mounted within a suitable
bore 6| drilled through the side of end block i9.
The ball is prevented from displacement from the
bore by peening the inner end of said bore suffi
ciently to prevent the passage of the ball there
from, while the spring (50 is maintained within
of said wheel. A detent ball 45 is yieldingly main
tained in engagement with one of said notches by
compression spring 46. The spring and ball are
mounted within a suitable bore 41 drilled into
shaft 32 in the manner shown, and the entrance
to the hole is peened over slightly to retain the
ball within said bore. The'detent will permit
ber 18.
the printing wheel to be easily turned from one
relation to the town circle. ,When the machine
position to another and yet will maintain the
wheel in any one of its selected printing positions,
thereby preventing displacement thereof dur
ing the printing operation.
A town circle printing die ‘38 (Figure 9) is
securely fastened to the end surface of block 22
said bore by engaging the ball at one end and
at its opposite end engaging the frame mem—
Through the above described mechanism, the
date printing wheels may be easily and quickly
moved to or from, their printing position with
is to treat mail matter which is to be registered,
the Post Office Department requires the print
ing of the stamp without either the town circle
or date being printed upon said matter, there
fore, the primary frame l3 which carries the
town circle is mounted within the printing drum
by means of screws 49. This die is provided with 70 in such a manner that it may bemoved into a
printing position orreadily retracted into a non
a pair of concentric circles between which the
post office location is engraved. The town circle
printing die is provided with a suitable opening
59 through which the peripheral printing faces
printing position and for this purpose each of
the end blocks l9, and 2E], is provided with a guide
lug 5,2 and 53 (Figure 7) and the town circle
of the date printing wheels may be positioned 75 supporting block is provided with lugs 64 and 65
2,412,472
5
6
(Figure 6) which are aligned with the guide lugs
carried by the two end blocks and'these guide
dle 83.’ The spring 85 is retained in operative
position by means of plate 81, securely fastened
lugs are slidably mounted in suitable guideways
BB and 61 formed in the printing drum cap 316
and the main body of the printing drum respec
to the front face of the printing drum cap by
means of screws 88. This plate not only con?nes
tively.
81?. to act as a guide for the die block handle 83
(Figure 13). A latch bar 89 slidably extends into
the printing drum through slot 34 and is sup
spring 85, but extends along the side of slot
Means are provided for moving the primary
frame I3 .to position the town circle printing die
carried thereby either in printing or non-print
ported at its forward end by an offset portion
ing positions, which means may include provid 10 of plate 61 and at its rear end by ledge 90a formed
ing the frame member 31 (Figure 7) with a
in the side wall of the drum opening 3I2 (Figures
downwardly extending rack 68 which rack may
2 and 12) and is slidably retained on these sup
be formed as an integral part of the frame, as
porting portions by spaced stop pins 9| which
shown in the drawings, by providing the lower
cooperate with the upper edge of said latch bar.
portion of said frame with a channeled extension
The latch bar is provided with lug 92 cooperat
having rack teeth cut into the ?anges thereof.
ing with the stop pins 9! to limit the in and out
The frame rack 68 (Figure 12) extends down into
travel of said latch bar. A compression spring 93
a suitable opening 89 formed in said drum and
is provided for yieldingly urging said bar to its
meshes with pinion teeth 10 cut in the adjusting
out position as shown in Figure 2. The spring
shaft ‘H (Figure 14). The adjusting shaft 1| 20 is mounted within a suitable bore formed ad
is journaled in the aligned bores 12 and 13 in the
jacent the cap slot 84 and acts between the inner
cap SIG and the printing drum respectively. The
end of said bore and a right angled portion 90
forward end of shaft ‘II is provided with a shank
of said latch bar. The innermost end of latch
bar 89 is provided with a supporting ?nger 94
‘I4 which extends into the cap 316 and has se
cured thereto a crank arm ‘lb. The free end of 25 which cooperates with a corresponding ?nger 95'
the crank arm 75 is provided with bushing 15,
formed on said die block 8! to maintain the die
as clearly shown in Figure 14. A locating pin ‘l1
block in its printing position. When it is de
extends through said bushing and is provided at
sired to retract die block 8!, the operator need
only to push the latch bar 89 inwardly until its
mounted within a suitable counterbore formed 30 stop ?nger 94 rides from under the ?nger 95 of
in said bushing and acts between the bushing
the die block, thereby removing the support of
and a shoulder formed on said pin to yieldingly
the die block whereupon its spring 85 will act to
urge the end of said pin into either one of two
swing said block from its printing position as
positioning holes 39 drilled into the side face of
shown in Figure 2 to its non-printing position as
the outer end with a knob 13.
A spring 19 is
the drum cap 316.
35 shown in Figure 3. The die block spring 85 is of
When .the town circle printing die is to be
sufficient strength to maintain the die block in
moved from its printing to its non-printing posi
tion, the knob 18 will be pulled outwardly to free
the end of the positioning plunger 11 from its
positioning hole and thereafter swinging said 40
its non-printing position during the high speed
rotation of the printing drum. When the die
block is to be returned to its printing position,
the operator need only lift the die block handle
85 to swing the die into its printing position at
crank arm until its pin engages the other of the
two positioning holes 8t. This movement of the
which point the latch bar 89 will, under the in
fluence of its spring 83, return into latching rela
crank arm will turn the pinion shaft 1! and
through its engagement with the primary frame
tion with said die block to positively maintain the
rack 68, will either move the town ‘circle print 45 die in its printing position. This device provides
ing die to its printing position or will retract
a simple and convenient means by which the
it into its non-printing position.
P. L. & R. die block may be moved to or from
its printing position.
The town circle frame 13 (Figure 9) may be
As previously pointed out, an advertising slogan
moved without requiring adjustment of the print
ing wheel frame it with, respect thereto. In 50 may be printed simultaneously with the print
ing of any one of the above referred to classes
other words, these two frames may be moved as
of mail matter. The advertising slogan may be
a unit whether the date printing mechanism is
printed just as readily upon mail matter or
in its printing or non-printing positions with
gummed tape, The means for printing the ad
respect to the town circle printing frame. In this
vertising slogan may include a die block 95 (Fig
way, if the town circle and date printing device
ures 12, 15. 16 and 1'7) to which an appropriately
are both in printing position, they may be simul
taneously moved to their non-printing position
engraved slogan printing plate 9'! (Figure 15)
through the town circle adjusting means l6.
For third class mail, it is necessary to print
may be removably secured by means of screws
88. In this way plates bearing different adver
along with the printing of the stamp the follow 60 tising slogans may be readily mounted upon
block 96. The die block 95 is removably mounted
ing notation, “Section 562 P. L. & R.,” andfor
in the printing drum by providing along the
this purpose, a die 8! bearing the inscription
inner edge of said block two spaced ball headed
“Section 562 P. L. and R.” (Figure 4) is mounted
pins 99 engaging sockets 80G suitably carried by
within the printing drum opening 3l2 (Figure 3)
directly in advance of the stamp printing as 65 the main portion of printing drum and by pro
viding the outer edge of said die block with two
sembly by means of pivot pin 82. The die block
depending lugs 86! and 802. Lug Bill is provided
8| is provided with a forwardly extending handle
with a locating hole 883 while lug 892 is provided
83 which passes through a suitable slot 84 formed
with a locating notch .8Mwhich notch engages
in the printing drum cap 3% and is yieldingly
urged downwardly as viewed in Figure 3, by 70 the end oflocating pin .865 securely fastened
in the cap portion 3 I 6 of the printing drum, while
means of compression spring 85, which spring is
the locating hole 893 is engaged by the end of
mounted within groove 86 formed in the front '
locating and locking pin 806. This pin extends
face of cap 35!! and is an extension of slot 84
through a suitable hole drilled through the cap
and said spring acts between the upper end of
the slot and the top surface of the die block han~ 75 portion of the printing drum and said hole is
2,412,472‘
7
forward end of pin 886 is provided with knob
839 by means of which the pin may be with
drawn from engagement with the locating and
locking hole B93 whereupon the die block may be
lifted from the printing drum.
8
printing wheel shaft mounted in said drum sub
stantially at right angles to the axis of rota
tion of said drum, said printing wheel shaft hav
ccunterbored to receive a compression spring 801
acting between the end of the counterbore and
head 838 formed upon the inner end of said pin
whereby the point of said pin is maintained in
locking engagement with the lug hole 803. The
ing three or more bearing surfaces formed there
on eccentrically positioned with respect to each
other, said bearing surfaces being positioned
next to each other and forming a series of steps
the outer edges of which follow the curvature of
the circumference of said drum, and a series of
10 printing wheels rotatably mounted on said hear
ing surfaces, the printing surfaces of said wheels
following the curvature of the circumference of
said drum.
3. In printing mechanism of the character de
scribed, in combination, a printing drum, a shaft
To facilitate removal of die block 95 from the
printing drum a spring means is provided to
raise the die block upon withdrawal of locking
pin 808 from engagement with the hole 8% to‘
enable the operator to take hold of the die block ~
and remove same from the printing drum. As
mounted in said drum, said shaft being posi
tioned in a plane extending radially through the
shown in Figures 15, 16 and 17, the die block is
provided with a pin 8!!) positioned to extend
downwardly into a spring bore 8!! (Figure 16)
series
axis ofofrotation
bearingofsurfaces
said drum,
formed
said thereon
shaft having
eccen
trically positioned with respect to each other, the
position of the portions of said bearing surfaces
drilled into the main portion of the printing _
drum. A compression spring 812 is mounted
nearest the cylindrical surface of said drum be
within bore 8 H and is arranged to be compressed
ing on an are which substantially follows the
by pin MEI when the die block is positioned on
curvature of the circumference of said drum and
said drum and to swing the plate upwardly on
a series of date printing wheels rotatably mounted
its ball and socket connection 93—8?£l when the
on said bearing surfaces, the printing surfaces
locking pin 896 is actuated to release the plate in
of said wheels following the curvature of the cir
the manner previously described.
cumference of said drum.
From the above description, it will be appre
4. In printing mechanism of the character de
ciated that all of the adjustments of the print
ing drum, namely the positioning of the town 30 scribed, in combination, a rotatable printing
drum, a major frame mounted in ,said drum for
circle date printing dies, P. L. & R. die and ad
movement to or from printing position, a shaft
vertising slogan die may be performed without
mounted on said frame substantially at right
the need of special tools excepting that in order
angles to the axis of rotation of said drum, said
to rotate the date wheels to set the proper date
shaft having a series of bearing surfaces formed
for printing, a simple stylus may be employed.
thereon eccentrically positioned with respect to
Attention is also directed to the fact that the
each other, the position of the portions of said
town circle, date printing wheel, P. L. & R. die
bearing surfaces nearest the cylindrical surface
and advertising slogan die block releasing or
of said drum being on an arc which substantially
control means are all mounted upon the forward
end of the printing drum, and therefore, it is 40 follows the curvature of the circumference of
said drum, a series of printing wheels rotatably
desirable to provide the printing drum housing
mounted on said bearing surfaces, the printing
989 with a door 813 (Figure 1) having a con
surfaces of said wheels following the curvature
ventional spring latch to yiel'dingly maintain the
of the circumference of said drum, and means
door in its closed position and said door is pro
vided with a knob 854 by means of which it may 45 for moving said major frame to or from printing
be conveniently opened.
position.
As many possible embodiments may be made of
the above invention and as many changes might
be made in the embodiment above set forth, it is
to be understood that all matter hereinbefore
set forth or shown in the accompanying draw
ings is to be interpreted as illustrative and not
5. In printing mechanism of the character de
scribed, in combination, a rotatable printing
drum, a major frame mounted in said drum for
movement to or from printing position, a print
ing face carried by said frame, manually oper
able control means for moving said frame to
or from its printing position, a secondary frame
slidably mounted on said major frame, where
in a limiting sense.
We claim:
1. In printing mechanism of the character
, by said secondary frame may be moved with
described, in combination, a printing drum, a
printing wheel shaft mounted in said drum sub
stantially at right angles to the axis of rotation
respect to said major frame, date printing type
drum being on an are which substantially fol
means separate from said ?rst mentioned con
trol means for turning said shaft to adjust the
carried by said secondary frame, a shaft ro
tatably mounted on said major frame, said shaft
including an eccentric portion positioned in a
of said drum, said printing wheel shaft having
a plurality of bearing surfaces formed thereon 60 bore in said secondary frame, the eccentric por
tion of said shaft coacting with said bore to move
eccentrically positioned with respect to each
said secondary frame with respect to said major
other, the position of the portions of said bear
frame when said shaft is rotated and control
ing surfaces nearest the cylindrical surface of said
lows the curvature of the circumference of said
‘drum and a plurality of printing wheels rotat
ably mounted on said bearing surfaces, the print
ing surfaces of said wheels following the curva
ture of the circumference of said drum.
_ 2. In printing mechanism of the character de
scribed, in combination, a printing drum, a
position of said secondary frame with respect
to said primary frame.
70
COMMODORE D. RYAN.
FRANK P. SAGER.
ERNEST R. BERGMARK.
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