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Dec. 17, 1946.
2,412,593
A. ADÈLMAN
PROPELLENT CHARGE HOLDER
Filed NOV. 8, 1941
Arthur Adelman
Patented Dec. i7, 194e
2,412,593
om so
2,412,593
`
PROPIELLENT CHARGE HOLDER
Arthur Adelman, Chesaning, Mich. »
Application November 8, 1941, Serial No; 418,346 I
14 Claims.
(Cl. 102--49)
(Granted under the act of March 3, issaîas
amended April 30, 1928; 370 0. G. 757)
1
2
The invention described herein may be manu-`
factured and used by or for the Government Vfor
Figures 16 and 17 are views similar to -Figure
14> showing modiiications, and
governmental purposes, without the payment to
me of any royalty thereon.l
This invention relates to propellent charge
holders and in particular to a charge holder for
the external charge increments in the mortar
type of shell.
In the types of mortar shells now in use an
Figure 19 is a plan View of a clip.l
Referring to the drawing by characters of ref
erence, there is shown in Figure'l a tail piece VI
adapted to be threaded into a mortar projectile
and carrying varies 2. A unit of sheet charges 3
sewed or otherwise integrated as at 4 has a slit 5
which is slipped over the head or buttonô of a Y
igniting charge is carried in the tail and aux 10 projection l. The -latter may befastened to the`
iliary charges are carried externally of the tail,
tail i by means of ~a thin base 8 and upset por
usually by the stabilizing vanes. The carrying
tions 9, by screw threads I0“ (Figure 3) or by
of these auxiliary charges has been variously ac
soldering or riveting II (Figure 4). In Figure 5
complished by slipping them over the tail piece,
is shown a holder iixed to the vane which com
by snapping them behind projections on the iins, 15 prises a series of barbed annuli I2. An ordinary
by iiexing them into holes in the iins and by
screw thread Will also accomplish a similar re
slipping them under spring clips.
sult. Instead of the solid projection 'I of Figure
The chief desiderata of charge-holding de
2, a hollow eyelet may be employed, with outer
vices are security of holding and ease of applica
end flared to form a head and the inner end
tion. None of the existing types offer both
crimped behind the tail piece, vane or other car
qualities to the desired degree.l In use the
rying member.
charges must often be adjusted by removal of in
The button may also consist of a stamped-out
crements in cold and stormy Weather and in »
portion I3 of the fin, having a head I4 (Figures 6
darkness. The cold may necessitate application
and 7), or a stamped-out portion I5 with per
foration I6 for receiving a' key member I'I (Fig
of the charges with gloved hands in which case
ure 8).
charge holders requiring a ñne degree of ma
While the charge-receiving buttons have been
nipulation would be ruled out.
It is therefore an object of the invention to
shown as located between the Vanes, it will be
understood that they may also be conveniently
provide a propellent charge holder which shall
be easy-of manipulation and which shall afford a 30 located on the faces of the varies themselves.
secure holding of the charge.
The speciñc nature of the invention as well as
In Figures 9 and 10 is shown a button formed
by stamping radial tongues I3’ from a vane 2,y
bending them perpendicular to the vane about
other objects and advantages thereof will clearly
the common center and forming loops I4' in their
appear from a description of a preferred embodi
ment as shown in the accompanying drawing in 35 extremities to constitute a head for holding a
charge.
which:
A separate fastener I8 may be employed as
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a tail piece
shown in Figure 14. This fastener is simply in
with fins and sheet charges therebetween.
serted through the charge and vane and the ends
Figure 2 is a sectional View taken on the line
40 bent back, The charge is held securely enough
2--2 of Figure l.
for handling, charging and ñring and is easily
Figures 3, 4, 5, 6 and 8 are views similar to
removed if desired by pulling the charge and
that of Figure 2, showing modifications.
fastener` from the vane. A spring type tong-like
Figure 7 is a sectional View taken on the line
fastener I9 is shown in Figure 15 and in Figure 18
'î-'I of Figure 6.
45
Figure 9 is a fragmentary plan View of a vane
with a stamped-out charge holder.
Figure 10 is a sectional View taken along the
is shown a combination spring and screw type
with spiral spring point 20.
The separate fastener may take the form of a
single wire (Figure 19) bent to form a head 2|.
line IQ-Iß of Figure 9.
The shank 22 after being threaded through the
Figures 11, 12 and 13 are fragmentary plan 50 charge and Vane is bent as shown by the dotted
views of sheet charges.
lines to secure the assemblage.
Figure 14 is a sectional View through a pair of
The button may be carried by the charge and
vanes with auxiliary charge and fastening device.
receive the vane as shown in Figures 16 and 17.
Figures 15 and 18 are views similar to Figure 2
In Figure 16, the fastener is shown as having a
showing a modification of a charge holder.
55 base portion 23 and a split shank or headed por
' ’
2,412,593
3
4
tion 24 forming the button. This type offers some
charge, the protuberance adapted to extend
advantages over the vane carried projection be
cause the holding action of the headed portion
Will be more rigid behind the metal vane than
behind the charge. However, in all cases a com
through the charge.
6. In combination with ñring components com
prising a projectile having a tail portion, a pro
promise must be _reached between the holding
tuberance threaded laterally into said tail por
tion and having a headed portion exteriorly of
efficacy and ease of deliberate removal and each
type may be appropriately designed for optimum
on a propellent charge.
said tail portion for receiving and retaining there
performance.
'7. In combination with ñring components com
In the fastener of Figure 17 a pin is split at 10 prising a projectile, a tail portion and a vane
both ends, one end being split sufficiently to form
member thereon, a button on said vane member
for attaching a propellent charge comprising ra
stapling arms 25 which are passed through the
sheet charge and may take the place of the usual
dial struck portions bent outward about a com
mon center and adapted to extend through the
stitching. The other split end forms a contractile
head 26, although the inner holding end may 15 charge.
8. In combination 4with firing components com
have any convenient form.
Figure 11 shows a sheet charge having crossed
prising a projectile, a tail portion and a vane
slits 5. In Figure 12, three slits 5 form a Y for>
member thereon, a tang on said vane member
comprising an outwardly struck portion, said
easier insertion and removal. In Figure 13 a
perforation 21 is provided for receiving a button. 20 tang having an enlarged portion spaced from the
vane.
From the foregoing it will be apparent that the
invention comprises a means for fastening
9. The combination as in claim 8, said tang
having a T-form.
charges to projectiles which provides an optimum
10. In combination with a projectile component
of security consistent with ease of placement and
'having a perforation and an external propellent
removal and is simple of manufacture and lovir
charge therefor having a perforation, a fastening
in cost.
I claim:
member having a head and threaded through said
perforations and having a bent retaining portion
1. In combination with firing componentscom
on the end Opposite the head.
prising a projectile and an external propellent
charge therefor, a fastening member carried by 30
11. In combination, a propellent charge and an
one of said components and having a headed por
attaching member, said member comprising a
tion threaded laterally through the other of said
headed portion fixed to said charge, a shank por
components.
2. The combination as in claim 1 wherein said
tion passing through said charge and fastening
means on the end of the shank opposite the head
fastening member is carried by the projectile and 35 for attachment to a projectile.
the charge comprises a lateral opening for recep
12. The combination as in claim 1l wherein
tion of the fastening member.
said charge comprises a plurality of sheets and
3. In combination with firing components com
said attaching member comprises means for hold
prising a projectile and an external propellent
ing said sheets together.
charge therefor, a fastening member carried lby 40
13. In combination, a propellent charge com
one of said components and having a contractile
prising a Vplurality of sheets and an attaching
and eXpansible headed portion threaded laterally
member, said member comprising a headed por
through the other of said components.
tion, stapling means on Isaid headed portion in
4. In combination with firing components com
tegrating said sheets, and a shank portion pass
prising a projectile having a tail portion, a headed 45 ing through said sheets and having means for
protuberance exteriorly on said tail portion for
attachment to a projectile.
receiving and retaining thereon a propellent
14. In combination with firing components
charge.
comprising a projectile and an external propel
5. In combination with firing components com
lent charge therefor, a member carried by one
prising a projectile having a tail portion and
of said components, protruding laterally there
guiding vanes carried thereon, a headed pro
from and having means for receiving and holding
tuberance on at least one of said vanes for re
thereon the other of said components.
ceiving and retaining thereon a propellent
ARTHUR ADELMAN.
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