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Dec. 17, 1946. “
2,412,759
D. SULLIVAN
'
TOY
Filed June 1:3, 1944
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2,412,759
Patented Dec. 17, 1946
UNITED‘ STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,412,759
TOY
Doris Sullivan, San Francisco, Calif.
Application June 13, 1944, Serial No. 540,012
5 Claims. (Cl. 35——8)
‘
The present invention relates to improvements
in a toy, and its principal object is to provide a
toy for children of tender age, say between two
and ?ve years, which will be entertaining and
educational.
2
others in the form of squares. It is apparent that
any other form or ?gures might be substituted
without departing from the spirit of the inven
tion.
The discs have been selected, in the present
‘
More particularly, it is proposed to provide a ‘ ‘ instance, to carry the letters of the alphabet, and”
toy which will aid a child in learning the letters
the squares to carry the numbers of the decimal
of the alphabet and the sequence of the numerals
system, from one to ten. Thus, naturally. twen
in the decimal system, or, with variations, any
ty-six discs would be provided and ten squares._
established or desired sequence of characters.
10
The discs are made to progressively increase in
It is further proposed to provide a toy which
size from the letters A to M, and to progressively
will give a child many outlets for its desire to
decrease in size from the letters N to Z; and the
be active, such as the mere playing with and
two groups are made in distinguishing colors, say,
grouping and re-grouping of a number of ?at
the ?rst group in red and the second group inv
bodies, in the form of discs or squares, having 15 green.
diiferent characters marked thereon; studying a
The squares which carry the numbers one to
chart having places marked for the different
ten, are also made to progressively increase in
bodies; making color and size comparisons; ar
size, and are preferably made in a distinctive
ranging the characters in a predetermined order,
threading the string through the various objects 20
color, as, for instance, 111 blue.
to join the same into a chain; making the chain
two holes, indicated at 4, disposed on opposite
'
Each of the discs and squares is formed with‘
to come out even with‘ the con?gurations on the
sides of the character marked thereon, so that
a string may be threaded therethrough without
hiding part of the character. The discs and
' numerals used for counting.
25 squares are preferably made of heavy paper or
It is further proposed to provide a toy of the
cardboard, but may be made of more substantial
character described that is simple in construction,
material.
attractive in appearance, and whichmay be man- }
The backing or chart I is preferably made rec-’
ufactured very inexpensively.
tangular in form, of considerable length as com
Further objects and advantages of my inven 30 pared with its height, and is con?ned between its
tion will appear as the speci?cation proceeds. and
side edges 5 and top and bottom edges 6 and 1.
the novel features of my toy will be fully de?ned
The chart has a central fold-line 8 whereby
in the claims hereto attached.
'
one side may be folded over the other. In actual
The preferred form of my invention is illus
size, it may be three times larger than the ?gure
chart; and picking up, without effort, the se
quence of the letters of the alphabet or of the
trated in the accompanying drawing forming part
of this application in. which:
Figure 1 shows a plan view of my toy, with a
number of movable bodies in 'place and other
omitted;
‘
"
.
.
Figure 2, a ‘fragmentary section. taken along
line 2-2 of Figure 1;
Figure 3, a plan view of a movable body used
in my toy; and
'
.
' shown in the drawing. It may be made colored
to furnish a dark contrasting background for the ‘
squares and discs.
The backing or chart has three series of con- "
?gurations 9, l0 and H marked thereon,v each
series extending across the sheet from left'to
right and being arranged to clear the fold-line.
The upper series of con?gurations comprises _
a. plurality of circles l2 arranged in alined rela- _
Figure 4, a plan view of a second movable body
tion, the circles increasing progressively in size
used in the toy.
45 from left to right and being made to exactly
While I have shown only the preferred form
correspond in size to the respective discs marked
of my invention, I wish to have it understood that
A to M, so that each disc, when in its proper
various changes or modi?cations may be made
“place, will completely cover, and be co-extensive
within the scope of the claims hereto attached,
with, the circle over which it is positioned.
without departing from the spirit of the inven
On the other hand, if the particular disc is
tion.
placed on any other circle, it will not fit the
Referring to the drawing in detail, my toy com
same, being either too large or too small.
prises in its principal features, a backing or chart
Thus, a child, picking up any disc of the A to M
I and a plurality of ?at bodies indicated at 2 and
series, say the letter K, can readily find the
3, some being in the form of circular discs and ' proper place for the disc by the trial and error
2,412,759
3
method. The upper series of circles are prefer
ably drawn in the same color as the discs of the
upper series, that is, red in the present instance,
to inform the player that the discs A to M belong
4
string attached to the backing in alinement with
the series and adapted for threading through the
pieces and beneath the characters so as to leave
the latter fully exposed.
2. A child’s toy comprising a backingv having
to the top series.
The second series l0 consists of a line of circles
l3 progressively decreasing in size from left to
an alined series of di?erent blank con?gurations
arranged thereon, a corresponding series of pieces
right and corresponding in size to the discs
marked N to Z respectively. They are drawn in
the same color as the discs of the second series,
having outlines corresponding to the respective
con?gurations, eachpiece having a distinguish
ing character marked thereon so-as to present
namely green, in‘ contradistinction of the ?rst
the characters in a desired sequence when each
piece is placed on its companion con?guration,
and each piece having a hole on each side of its
The third series of con?gurations comprises a"
character, and a string attached to the backing
line of squares M, increasing progressively in
size from left to right and corresponding in size 15 in alinement with the series and adaptedior
threading through the pieces and beneath the
to the square bodies 3 carrying the numerals.
characters for holding the pieces in assembled
They again are preferably of the same color as
relation with the'characters fully exposed.
the square bodies.
- 3. An educational game comprising a series of
Each side edge of the chart has three strings
l5secured thereto by glue or otherwise in aline 20 differentiated play pieces, each having a differ
entiating character of an established system
ment with the three series of con?gurations, and
marked thereon and having a hole on each side
these strings may be threaded through the discs
of the character, and the play pieces being
or squares in the manner indicated so as to form
capable of being arranged in the order of the
a chain which allows a number of discs or squares
to be manipulated as a unit.
25 system, a sheet of material having a, similar
series of similarly differentiated blank ?elds
The strings may be tied in the center of the
marked thereon in related order, the order of
backing, as at 16, and in that case hold all the
the ?elds lbeing suchthat when each play piece
discs or squares of aseries in assembled relation.
is placed on its corresponding ?eld, the charac
The strings of the second and third rows have
ters of the play pieces assume the order of .the
been shown fore-shortened, and should be sui?~
system, and a string attached to the sheet in
ciently long for tying.
series.
_
If all the discs and squares are strung in this
manner, they give a complete arrangement of
the alphabet and of the numerals up to ten. On
the other hand, they are all secured in place and
' cannot get lostif the backing'is folded and put
away.
,The- many features of interest and education
offered the growing child by this toy areap
parent.
'
»
The child may merely play with the discs and
squares by arranging and re-arranging them to
suit his fancy which will cause him to absorb the
shapes of- the letters and ?gures. The child may
pick up individual discs and squares and ?nd
the proper place for them on the backing, grad
ually learning the sequence of groups of letters
alinement with the series of the ?elds and adapt
ed for threading through the play pieces and
beneath the characters so as to leave the latter
fully exposed.
4. An educational game comprising a series of
differentiated play pieces, each having a di?er
entiating letter of the alphabet marked thereon
and having a hole on each side of the letter, a
40 sheet of material having a similar series of simi
larly di?erentiated blank fields marked thereon
in related order, the order of the ?elds being
such that when each play piece is placed ‘on the
corresponding ?eld, the letters marked thereon
; will assume the letters» of the alphabet, and a
string attached to the sheet in alinement with
the .series of ?elds andfadapted for threading
through the play pieces and beneath the letters
' and the sequence of groups of ?gures and ?nally
so as to leave the latter fully exposed.
of all the letters and ?gures.
.
.After arranging all the letters of one series in 50 5.,An educational game comprising a series of
differentiated play pieces, each having a differ—.
their proper places the child may thread them
entiating numeral of the decimal system marked
on the strings and may then lift an entire string
of letters or ?gures and replace the same, as a
unit.
a
It is apparent that various other shapes may
be substituted for those selected for the purposes
of illustration without departing from the spirit
of my invention.
'
thereon and having a hole on each side of the
numeral, a sheet of material having av similar
series of similarly differentiated blank ?elds
marked thereon in related order, the order of the‘
?elds being. such that when each play, piece is
placed on the corresponding ?eld, the numerals
marked thereon are arranged in the order of the '
I claim:
1. A child’s toy comprising a backing having 60 decimal system, and a string attached to the
sheet in alinement with the series of ?elds and
an alined series of con?gurations arranged there
on, a series of pieces adapted for superimposing
on said con?gurations, each piece having a dis
tinguishing character marked thereon and hav
ing a hole on each side of the character, and a.
adapted for threading through the play pieces
and beneath the numerals so as to leave the lat
ter fully exposed.
H
DORIS SULLIVAN.
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