Dec. 17, 1946. “ 2,412,759 D. SULLIVAN ' TOY Filed June 1:3, 1944 ‘ mmvrox. my: .rmmw ‘ W Z ' 2,412,759 Patented Dec. 17, 1946 UNITED‘ STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,412,759 TOY Doris Sullivan, San Francisco, Calif. Application June 13, 1944, Serial No. 540,012 5 Claims. (Cl. 35——8) ‘ The present invention relates to improvements in a toy, and its principal object is to provide a toy for children of tender age, say between two and ?ve years, which will be entertaining and educational. 2 others in the form of squares. It is apparent that any other form or ?gures might be substituted without departing from the spirit of the inven tion. The discs have been selected, in the present ‘ More particularly, it is proposed to provide a ‘ ‘ instance, to carry the letters of the alphabet, and” toy which will aid a child in learning the letters the squares to carry the numbers of the decimal of the alphabet and the sequence of the numerals system, from one to ten. Thus, naturally. twen in the decimal system, or, with variations, any ty-six discs would be provided and ten squares._ established or desired sequence of characters. 10 The discs are made to progressively increase in It is further proposed to provide a toy which size from the letters A to M, and to progressively will give a child many outlets for its desire to decrease in size from the letters N to Z; and the be active, such as the mere playing with and two groups are made in distinguishing colors, say, grouping and re-grouping of a number of ?at the ?rst group in red and the second group inv bodies, in the form of discs or squares, having 15 green. diiferent characters marked thereon; studying a The squares which carry the numbers one to chart having places marked for the different ten, are also made to progressively increase in bodies; making color and size comparisons; ar size, and are preferably made in a distinctive ranging the characters in a predetermined order, threading the string through the various objects 20 color, as, for instance, 111 blue. to join the same into a chain; making the chain two holes, indicated at 4, disposed on opposite ' Each of the discs and squares is formed with‘ to come out even with‘ the con?gurations on the sides of the character marked thereon, so that a string may be threaded therethrough without hiding part of the character. The discs and ' numerals used for counting. 25 squares are preferably made of heavy paper or It is further proposed to provide a toy of the cardboard, but may be made of more substantial character described that is simple in construction, material. attractive in appearance, and whichmay be man- } The backing or chart I is preferably made rec-’ ufactured very inexpensively. tangular in form, of considerable length as com Further objects and advantages of my inven 30 pared with its height, and is con?ned between its tion will appear as the speci?cation proceeds. and side edges 5 and top and bottom edges 6 and 1. the novel features of my toy will be fully de?ned The chart has a central fold-line 8 whereby in the claims hereto attached. ' one side may be folded over the other. In actual The preferred form of my invention is illus size, it may be three times larger than the ?gure chart; and picking up, without effort, the se quence of the letters of the alphabet or of the trated in the accompanying drawing forming part of this application in. which: Figure 1 shows a plan view of my toy, with a number of movable bodies in 'place and other omitted; ‘ " . . Figure 2, a ‘fragmentary section. taken along line 2-2 of Figure 1; Figure 3, a plan view of a movable body used in my toy; and ' . ' shown in the drawing. It may be made colored to furnish a dark contrasting background for the ‘ squares and discs. The backing or chart has three series of con- " ?gurations 9, l0 and H marked thereon,v each series extending across the sheet from left'to right and being arranged to clear the fold-line. The upper series of con?gurations comprises _ a. plurality of circles l2 arranged in alined rela- _ Figure 4, a plan view of a second movable body tion, the circles increasing progressively in size used in the toy. 45 from left to right and being made to exactly While I have shown only the preferred form correspond in size to the respective discs marked of my invention, I wish to have it understood that A to M, so that each disc, when in its proper various changes or modi?cations may be made “place, will completely cover, and be co-extensive within the scope of the claims hereto attached, with, the circle over which it is positioned. without departing from the spirit of the inven On the other hand, if the particular disc is tion. placed on any other circle, it will not fit the Referring to the drawing in detail, my toy com same, being either too large or too small. prises in its principal features, a backing or chart Thus, a child, picking up any disc of the A to M I and a plurality of ?at bodies indicated at 2 and series, say the letter K, can readily find the 3, some being in the form of circular discs and ' proper place for the disc by the trial and error 2,412,759 3 method. The upper series of circles are prefer ably drawn in the same color as the discs of the upper series, that is, red in the present instance, to inform the player that the discs A to M belong 4 string attached to the backing in alinement with the series and adapted for threading through the pieces and beneath the characters so as to leave the latter fully exposed. 2. A child’s toy comprising a backingv having to the top series. The second series l0 consists of a line of circles l3 progressively decreasing in size from left to an alined series of di?erent blank con?gurations arranged thereon, a corresponding series of pieces right and corresponding in size to the discs marked N to Z respectively. They are drawn in the same color as the discs of the second series, having outlines corresponding to the respective con?gurations, eachpiece having a distinguish ing character marked thereon so-as to present namely green, in‘ contradistinction of the ?rst the characters in a desired sequence when each piece is placed on its companion con?guration, and each piece having a hole on each side of its The third series of con?gurations comprises a" character, and a string attached to the backing line of squares M, increasing progressively in size from left to right and corresponding in size 15 in alinement with the series and adaptedior threading through the pieces and beneath the to the square bodies 3 carrying the numerals. characters for holding the pieces in assembled They again are preferably of the same color as relation with the'characters fully exposed. the square bodies. - 3. An educational game comprising a series of Each side edge of the chart has three strings l5secured thereto by glue or otherwise in aline 20 differentiated play pieces, each having a differ entiating character of an established system ment with the three series of con?gurations, and marked thereon and having a hole on each side these strings may be threaded through the discs of the character, and the play pieces being or squares in the manner indicated so as to form capable of being arranged in the order of the a chain which allows a number of discs or squares to be manipulated as a unit. 25 system, a sheet of material having a, similar series of similarly differentiated blank ?elds The strings may be tied in the center of the marked thereon in related order, the order of backing, as at 16, and in that case hold all the the ?elds lbeing suchthat when each play piece discs or squares of aseries in assembled relation. is placed on its corresponding ?eld, the charac The strings of the second and third rows have ters of the play pieces assume the order of .the been shown fore-shortened, and should be sui?~ system, and a string attached to the sheet in ciently long for tying. series. _ If all the discs and squares are strung in this manner, they give a complete arrangement of the alphabet and of the numerals up to ten. On the other hand, they are all secured in place and ' cannot get lostif the backing'is folded and put away. ,The- many features of interest and education offered the growing child by this toy areap parent. ' » The child may merely play with the discs and squares by arranging and re-arranging them to suit his fancy which will cause him to absorb the shapes of- the letters and ?gures. The child may pick up individual discs and squares and ?nd the proper place for them on the backing, grad ually learning the sequence of groups of letters alinement with the series of the ?elds and adapt ed for threading through the play pieces and beneath the characters so as to leave the latter fully exposed. 4. An educational game comprising a series of differentiated play pieces, each having a di?er entiating letter of the alphabet marked thereon and having a hole on each side of the letter, a 40 sheet of material having a similar series of simi larly di?erentiated blank fields marked thereon in related order, the order of the ?elds being such that when each play piece is placed ‘on the corresponding ?eld, the letters marked thereon ; will assume the letters» of the alphabet, and a string attached to the sheet in alinement with the .series of ?elds andfadapted for threading through the play pieces and beneath the letters ' and the sequence of groups of ?gures and ?nally so as to leave the latter fully exposed. of all the letters and ?gures. . .After arranging all the letters of one series in 50 5.,An educational game comprising a series of differentiated play pieces, each having a differ—. their proper places the child may thread them entiating numeral of the decimal system marked on the strings and may then lift an entire string of letters or ?gures and replace the same, as a unit. a It is apparent that various other shapes may be substituted for those selected for the purposes of illustration without departing from the spirit of my invention. ' thereon and having a hole on each side of the numeral, a sheet of material having av similar series of similarly differentiated blank ?elds marked thereon in related order, the order of the‘ ?elds being. such that when each play, piece is placed on the corresponding ?eld, the numerals marked thereon are arranged in the order of the ' I claim: 1. A child’s toy comprising a backing having 60 decimal system, and a string attached to the sheet in alinement with the series of ?elds and an alined series of con?gurations arranged there on, a series of pieces adapted for superimposing on said con?gurations, each piece having a dis tinguishing character marked thereon and hav ing a hole on each side of the character, and a. adapted for threading through the play pieces and beneath the numerals so as to leave the lat ter fully exposed. H DORIS SULLIVAN.