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Dec. 17, 1946.
I
I G. G. GILPIN
2,412,807
SIDE WALL FOR RAILWAY HOPPER CARS
Filed Feb. 1'7,- 1944
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
1
1
_
BY
INVENTOR.
O‘cZrZ/ZG (7450175,
Dec. 17, 1946.
G_ G_ GlLPlN
2,412,807‘ ,
SIDE WALL FOR RAILWAY HOPPER CARS
Filed Feb. 17; 1944
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
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INVENTOR.
GarZ/z 61 6440172;
BY
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Patented Dec. 17, 1946
V UNITED
‘2,412,807
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2,412,807: ‘
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7
V sron WALL. For». RAILWAYHOPPER cAR's
GarthG. Gilpin; Chicago, IllSy-a‘ssignor/to. Stand‘
ard'i Railway Equipment ManufacturingzlGomi
pany, Chicago, 111., .a corporationqofDelaware?
Application February 17, 1944,1ScrialTNo. 522,806“
5' Claims.
(Cl. 105-409.‘)
.
This-invention relates‘ toopen top railway cars,
therefor.
2?
of" upwardly a distance’ sufficient‘ to straddle the
vertical leg 3 of the sidesillv‘of-lthe- c'ar, and't‘o‘
whichsaidiposts are welded on both sides; as in
such- as‘ hopper and gondola‘ cars, and more spe
ci?'call‘y to an improved form of vertical wall
‘
dicat’ed at‘ Iii, Fig: 5. ri‘he side-sill is‘ofl angle iron
The vertical walls of such cars form girders
structure, havingthe horizontally disposed leg 5;
for carryi'ngthe load, between the opposite body
holsters, and also a retaining wall for the lading.
It is generally conceded that a hollow, seam
which“ side sill, of“ course, extends‘ from’ bolster
metallic section.
Another object of’ the'invention is to form the
vertical wall sheets of thecar' in a manner to 15
provide'thegreatest carrying capacity for thecar,
and which. plates are‘ adaptable for cooperative
use‘with said tubular posts.
A' further object of the invention is to adapt
the invention for‘the repair of‘ walls of a hopper 20
several posts- extend upwardy the desired height
and are‘notchedi out at their upper outer‘corners;
asat 6, to ‘receive ‘the downwardy extending’ outer
to ‘bolster 'ofthe car and - is attached to “the under
frame' thereof- as‘ is ’ common practice’ and’ forms
less,- tubular metallic section‘ is about the ‘ strong
est‘ metallic shape under compressive and beam 10 the'bott'om chord member of the-car wall} The
bottom edge of said-‘post iswelded to‘thehorizon
stress,‘ audit is anobject of‘ the present invention
tal leg of the sidesill,‘ as shown inFigi 5. The
‘to-form the vertical posts of my car wall of such
or gondola-car, utilizing the side sill‘of such cars
to form part ofthe bottom chord of the car wall.
A‘ still further object of the invention is to
form the edges of the side plates with ?anges
which surround the posts, thereby protecting
same against the abrasive action of certain types
of lading during loading and unloading and'the
action of acids in'other types of-ladingiwhen wet.
Still other objects and advantages of the in
vention will appear in the following description
thereof.
Referring now to the accompanying drawings
formingpart of' the invention and wherein like
reference characters indicate like parts:
Fig. 1 is a side elevation of part of a hopper
bulblof the upper-chord‘member', whichis-pro
vided with‘ whorizontally disposed‘ web 8-v and a
vertically disposedarmllliv The'bulb T is=welded
to‘the" edges of thenotch 6; as indicated in- Fig.
4; ‘andthe arm'aisjsimilarly attached to the ‘upper
end; oil the inner-face'oi thetseveral posts; Thus
a strong-upper chord member is provided.
‘ The‘ side‘ wall). sheets H! are somewhat similar
to‘ those described‘ and‘ claimed'in my earlier Pat'
entNo. 2,'030;74'8,.of February 11, 1936, wherein
25 said“ sheets span the space betweentheposts and
the top and: bottom. chord members and are se
cured‘theret‘o' to‘ form the web ofthe girder and‘
the, load retaining means of the‘ car.‘ The‘ posts
form stiffenersfor the web‘of the‘ girder and act
as__ vertical.‘ beams to: transmit‘ horizontal loads
thereon. to the frame members. The side wall
sheets. It" are formed. from ?at metallic plate and
are trimmed to ‘a rectangular blank. which. in
length is suf?cient' to span, the space between
the posts, provide. al?ange the width of the posts;
andfa re?ange of approximately one-half the
thickness of the post,.all as shown mostclearly
inFigs‘. 2 and 6, The ?anges of thesheets ID
are shown'at [Landthe re?anges at l2';‘ the
line,3——3 of Fig. 1.
‘
?anges .I‘I abutting and‘beingsecuredto the sides
Fig. 4‘ is an enlarged view of the upper portion
13" of' the p,osts,_and' there?anges l2 overlapping
of‘ Fig. 3..
and being. secured to. the inner edges I4‘ of‘ said
Fig. 5 is an enlargedview of the lower portion
posts. See Fig. 6. Any vertical space between
of Fig. 3'.
‘
‘
Fig. 6 is a longitudinal section of a portion of 45 the, meeting edges of the re?anges may be ?lled
carside embodyingmy invention.
Fig. 23is a longitudinal cross sectional view on
the line 2-’? of Fig. 1.
Fig.‘ 3 is a vertical cross sectional. view on the
the car wall through one of the posts thereof,‘ on
the line 6-6'of Fig. 5.
Fig; 7 is a perspective sectional View on the
line 1—1 of Fig. 1. in the direction of the arrows.
Fig. 8 is a perspective view of thebolster post.
As shown. inthe drawings,.my improved wall
comprises a plurality of longitudinally spaced
vertical. tubular posts I, being preferably rec
with_.welding, material so. that all‘ surfaces of.v the
posts. which are. subjectto wear, abrasion or cor
rosion. from the lading. isprotected. therefrom. by
thewall sheets. The plates ate slit from the top
and bottomthereof on a. vertical line coincident
with the right-angular. bend: in the plate which
forms the ?anges H, and the intermediate por
tion I5 at the‘upper end of the plate is bent di
agonally inwardly“ as‘. shown- in.» Figs. 3 and. 4,,
tangular in cross section. These posts are slotted
on opposite sides, as at 2, from the bottoms there 55 to the plane of'the vertical arm 9 of the top
chord, where the plate is bent upwardly forming
2,412,807
a vertical ?ange l6 which is riveted as at H,
or ‘otherwise secured to said arm 9. The diagonal
edges of the intermediate portion l5 may be weld
ed to the ?anges II, as indicated at I8. It is
' obvious that with this construction there will
occur a relatively small opening l9 between the
?ange II and edge of the intermediate portion
It at the upper inner corner thereof, and which
4
low non-circular posts having the lower ends
thereof slotted and straddling said leg and se
cured thereto On both sides thereof, and a wall
sheet having the major portion thereof substan
tially in. the plane of the outside of said post, the
lower margin of said wall sheet bent inwardly
and secured to said leg, said wall sheet extending
between and secured to said posts.
2. A wall for a railway car comprising a girder
may be, ?lled with welding material to make a
comprising a top chord having a vertical arm
tight car, wall for granular lading. It will be 10 and a horizontal arm extending outwardly there
noted from Figs. 3 and 4 that the upper edges of
from, a bottom chord having a vertical leg and
the ?anges l l terminate in a plane with the lower
a horizontal leg extending inwardly therefrom,
edge of the depending arm 9 of the top chord;
said vertical arm and vertical leg being in spaced
The intermediate portion of the plates between
the slits extending upwardly from the bottom of
the plates is similarly bent inwardly diagonally,
as shown at 29, Figs. 3 and 5, to the plane of
the outer surface of the vertical leg 3 of the bot
vertical planes, spaced substantially rectangular
tubular posts with the upper ends thereof over
lapping and secured to said vertical arm, the
lower ends of said posts beingslotted and strad
dling said vertical leg and secured to both sides
tom sill or chord member, at which plane the
thereof, and wall sheets with the major portions
plate is bent downwardly parallel to and abut 20 thereof substantially in the plane of the outside
ting said leg 3 to which it is riveted, as at 2|, or
of said posts and the upper and lower margins
otherwise secured thereto.
thereof bent inwardly and secured to the top
The outer surfaces of the main portion of the
chord and bottom chord, respectively, the side
wall sheets, between the diagonal portions I5 and
marginsof said sheets having vertical ?anges
20 thereof, is disposed in the same vertical plane 25 which overlap the sides of adjacent posts, said
as the outer edges of the several posts, thereby
vertical ?anges having re?anges which overlap
presenting a smooth outer surface to the car wall,
the inner sides of said posts.
,
yetinteriorly of the car the wall has the appear
3. A wall for a railway car comprising a girder
ance of a paneled wall, which panels increase
comprising a top chord having a vertical arm
the carrying capacity of the car.
>
Fig. '7 shows a fragmental perspective view of
and a horizontal arm extending outwardly there
the outside of the car wall illustrating the bol
horizontal leg extending inwardly therefrom, said
ster post 25 of the car, which occurs near the
end of the car where the bottom thereof tapers
from, a bottom chord having a vertical leg and a
vertical arm and vertical leg being in spaced
vertical planes, spaced substantially rectangular
upwardly, as at 26, as is common in hopper cars. 35 tubular posts with the upper ends thereof over
The side sill 3-—5 of the car terminates at the.
lapping and secured to said vertical arm and also
bolster post, as indicated in Fig, l, and as shown
secured to said horizontal arm, the lower ends
in Fig. 8, the outside of the lower end of the
of said posts being slotted and straddling said
post is cut away, on a plane with the inside of
vertical leg and secured to both sides thereof
the upstanding leg 3 of the side sill, leaving a 40 and also secured to said horizontal leg, and wall
channel-shaped section, the edges of the ?anges
of which channel section are welded to the leg 3
of the side sill. That portion of the post which
sheets with the major portions thereof substan
tially in the plane of the outside of said posts and
midway between the ends of the post 25, a chan
nel 21 is formed therein, which extends down
wardly to the cut-away portion, as clearly shown
in Fig. 8. This channel 21 is for the purpose of
admitting the inwardly disposed ?anges 28 of a
pair of reinforcing angle bars 29, which angle
sheets having vertical flanges which overlap the
sides of adjacent posts, said vertical ?anges hav
ing re?anges which overlap the inner sides of
the ‘upper and lower margins thereof bent in
extends below the inclined ?oor of the car is
and secured to the top chord and bottom
thus cut-away, and from a point approximately 4.5 wardly
chord, respectively, the side margins of said
bars are formed to ?t the contour of the bolster
postZS, all as shown in Fig. '7. The other ?anges
said posts.
-
4. A wall for a railway car comprising a bot
tom chord having an upstanding leg, spaced tubu
lar posts having the lower ends thereof slotted
and straddling said leg and secured thereto on
both sides thereof, and a wall sheet having the
of the angle bars overlap the outer surface of the
post and are secured thereto and below the floor
major portion thereof substantially in the plane
of the car said ?anges are widened, as indicated
of the outside of said posts, the lower margin of
at 30. A relatively large channel 3| is provided
said Wall sheet bent inwardly and secured to said
which forms a continuation of the side sill and
leg, said wall sheet extending between and se-'
extends from the bolster of the car to the end
to said posts.
post 32 thereof. The upper ?ange ‘of said chan 60 cured
5. A wall for a railway car comprising a bot
nel at the inner end thereof, is ?attened to the
tom chord having an upstanding leg, a top chord
plane of, the web thereof, as indicated at 33, and
having a depending arm, spaced tubular posts
secured to the ?anges 30 and ?ange 3 of the side
with the lower ends thereof slotted and strad
sill‘.
’
dling said leg and secured thereto on both sides
The accompanying drawings illustrate the pre
thereof, and a wall sheet having the major por
ferred form of the invention, though it is to be
tion thereof substantially in the plane of the
understood that the invention is not limited to
outside of said posts, the lower margin of said
the exact details of construction shown and de
wall sheet bent inwardly and secured tosaid leg
scribed, as it is obvious that various modi?cations
and the upper margin of said wall sheet bent
thereof, within the scope of the claims, will oc 70
inwardly and secured tosaid arm, said wall‘sheet
cur to persons skilled in the art.
‘
extending between and secured to said posts.
‘ I claim:
7
1. A wall for a railway car comprising a bot- »
tom chord having an upstanding leg, spaced hol
GARTH G. GILP'IN,
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