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Dec, 17, 1946.,
Filed Sept. 10, 1941
4 Sheets-Sheet l
ea. 17, 1946.
Filed Sept. 10, 1941
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
m bcw
Dec. 17, 194$.
Filed Sept. 10, 1941
. ‘93
4 Shgets-Sheet 3
Dec.‘ 1?, 1946.
Filed Sept. 10, 1941
222 '
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
Marta/7, .L Neéson
Patented Dec. 17, 1946
Martin L. Nelson, ‘Park Ridge, and Alfred M.
Roberts, Chicago, Ill., assignors to The Ameri
can Perforator Company, Chicago, 111., a cor‘
,poration of Illinois
Application' September 10, 1941, Serial No. 410,298
8 Claims. (01. 101-2)
The present invention relates to a check-en
dorsing and sorting machine, and the general ob
ject of the invention is to produce a new and
improved machine of this character.
A special object of the invention is to produce
a simple and highly e?cient check-sorting appa
ratus which is Well adapted for incorporation in
a check-endorsing machine of standard con
A further object of the invention is the pro
duction of a check-endorsing and sorting ma
chine in which the sorting apparatus is auto
matically controlled from another machine used
in conjunction therewith, such as an adding ma
The invention and the various features there-
of, including those mentioned in the foregoing,
will be described fully hereinafter, reference be
ing made to the accompanying drawings, in
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a check-endorsing
and sorting machine according to the invention;
Fig. 2 is a section on a larger scale, taken on
the line 2—2, Fig. 1; ,
Fig. 3 is a partial side View of the machine, with
one side wall partly broken away to expose the
sorting apparatus;
ll is a top view of the selecting mechanism;
5 is a section on the line 5—5, Fig. 4;
6 is a section on the line 6-6, Fig. 5;
7 is a section on the line 1-4, Fig. 5;
Fig. 8 is a partial rear view of an adding ma
chine, showing the assembly of contact springs
for controlling the selecting mechanism;
The lower portion of the machine includes a
base !4, Fig. 2, which forms part of a frame
comprising also four horizontal angle iron pieces
such as 15, It, and ll, which are secured together
in rectangular formation, and four vertical angle
iron pieces such as It and 19, disposed one at
each of the four corners. The vertical pieces
such as I8 and it serve to support the frame
pieces l5, l6, etc. in spaced relation to the base
10 54.
The frame also includes the two flat metal
strips 2!] and 2| which extend between the angle
iron‘piece l6 and the opposite angle iron piece.
The various parts of the check-endorsing mech
anism are supported on a separate frame which
15 in turn is supported on the lower frame just
described. The upper frame comprises two
?anged plates, one of which is shown at 22, and
a transverse member 23 which extends between
the two plates near the upper ends thereof. The
20 lower flanged edge of plate 22 rests on and is
secured to the angle iron piece it of the lower
frame. The other ?anged plate rests on and
is secured to the angle iron piece which is on
the opposite side of the lower frame from angle
25 iron piece I6. These parts, of course, do not
all appear ‘in the sectional view, Fig. 2, but it is
thought that the construction will be readily
The two frames, secured together as described,
are enclosed in a suitable casing, as indicated.
This casing may be madeof sheet metal and
will require no detailed explanation. It may be
mentioned, however, that the front of the upper
part of the machine is closed by metal sheet
30, the lower edge of which is soldered to a strip
Fig. 9 is a section on the line 9——9, Fig. 8;
Fig. 10 is a diagrammatic circuit drawing show
3! which rests on and is secured in suitable
ing essential parts of the sorting apparatus and
manner to the transverse member 20 of the lower
the circuit connections thereof; and
frame. The sheet 30 rests against the front
Fig. 11 is a diagrammatic circuit drawing show
edges of the two ?anged frame plates such as
40 22 for some distance upward from its lower edge
ing a modi?ed form of the invention.
The general appearance of the complete ma
and then extends forwardly as indicated at 32,
chine can be seen from Fig. 1. As shown in this
so that the upper part of the sheet is o?set or
view, the machine comprises an upper portion
spaced away from the edges of the ?anged frame
I l, which includes the check-endorsing mecha
plates. The upper portion of the sheet 30 is
nism, and a lower base portion It, where the 45. supported on two ?at metal pieces such as 33
check-sorting apparatus is located. The check
which are secured to the frame plates such as
' endorsing part of the machine is of less depth
22 on the outside thereof. At the top the sheet
than the lower portion, whereby a part of th.»
30 is bent at right angles on both sides and
latter is exposed in the form of a shelf l2. This
extends horizontally to the rear, as indicated at
shelf is a convenient place to put one or more 50 34. The central portion of sheet 30 is bent at a
stacks of checks preparatory to feeding them
more acute angle, as indicated at 35, and forms
through the machine. The checks are fed intt
one side of a kind of tapered opening £3 for the
the machine at the opening l3 on top and after
reception of checks. The ends of the opening
being endorsed and sorted are delivered to one
are closed by sheet metal pieces such as 35.
of the compartments A, B, or C, as the case may 55 The sheet 30 cooperates with a sheet 31 to form
a vertical channel or chute 40 down which the
wise of the machine. The narrow opening or.
throat at the top is of the same size as the lower
end of the chute 40, while the opening at the lower
end is considerably larger. There is a curved
baffle plate 55 on the inside, which is secured to 1
checks pass after leaving the printing cylinder of
the endorsing mechanism. The sheet 3? may be
soldered along its lower edge to a strip 38 which
rests on and is secured to the transverse frame
member 2!. At the top the sheetitl is secured to
the end plates 53 and 54.
two studs such as 39 which project‘ from the
The sorting device SD is supported on trun-_
nions which permit its adjustment to different
The check-endorsing machine illustrated here-v
positions. One of these trunnions is indicated in
in is a machine manufactured by the American
Perforator Co.,‘ Chicago, lllinoisjan'd is of well 10 dotted lines in Fig. 2 and bears the reference
numeral 55. It is secured to the end wall 53 of
known construction. There are several similar
inner faces of the frame plates such as 22.
the sorting device and projects outwardly through V
machines on the market. The check-endorsing
- a bearing in the cross member 51.
mechanism accordingly will not be described in
The other
detail and as a matter of fact many of the details
are not shown in the drawings. Fig. 2 d0es,'h0W—
ever, show enough of the machine so'that its gen-j
eral operation can be explained and understood.
’ trunnionis indicated at 58 in Fig. 3. It is se
cured to the end wall 55 of the sorting device and
has a bearing in the cross member 59.
Beneath the sorting device SD are three com
The printing cylinder assembly is indicated at
24 and is rotatably mounted on the shaft 23.
Cooperating with the printing cylinder there is a
means of the partitions 5t and 61. These com
partments are open at the top to receive checks
partments, A, B, and C, which are formed by
roller 4! which is mounted on a shaft 42. This
shaft has bearings supported on the frame plates
such as 22, or rather on the metal pieces such
as 33 which are secured thereto. The shaft 23
is also provided with bearings on the frame plates ‘
22, and is driven from the motor 29 by means of
a_ worm wheel 2'? mounted on the motor shaft 22'
and a gear wheel 26 mounted on shaft 23. The
from the sorting device and also may be open
at the left hand side of the machine, as shown in
Fig. 1, so that the stacks of checks can be easily removed.
The adjustment of the sorting device SD to its
different positions is accomplished by means of
The printing cylinder assembly is normally
a selecting mechanism SM and suitable mechan
ical connections between it and the sorting device.
The selecting mechanism SM is shown in Figs. 2
and 3, and the details of its construction are shown‘
in Figs. 4 to '7, inclusive. The various parts are
locked against rotation with the shaft 23 by means
of the locking lever 43 which is pivoted at 55.
of heavy sheet metal, of U-shaped cross-section,
motor 29 is suitably mounted on the frame plate
mounted on a frame which comprises a base l’?
and the two side plates ‘H and ‘I2. These side
are secured to the base 16 at the bottom
means of a solenoid 45, the core M of which is
and are maintained in rigid spaced relation at the
arranged to actuate the lever 43. There is a lever
top by means of two hexagonal cross members
46, pivoted at 41, at one end of the printing cyl
13 and ‘M, to which the side plates are secured
inder assembly and a similar lever at the other
by means of screws. The frame construction will
end. These levers are semi-circular in shape and
be clear from the drawings.
are joined together at the rear of the printing cyl
The frame of the selecting mechanism is sup
inder, where a rearwardly extending arm 43 is
ported on the cross member 2| and the angle iron
provided. When a check is inserted in the opening
piece I‘! of the lower frame, to which parts it is
l3_ it engages the ends of the levers such as 46, I
secured by means of screws ‘i5 and 16, as shown
which are tiltedslightly on their pivots to raise
Fig; 4.
the end of the arm 48 and actuate the contact
The shaft Ti‘ extends between the side plates
spring 49. This contact spring closes the circuit
Release of the printing cylinder is effected by
‘iii and. ‘E2 and is provided with bearings 18 and
‘it which are secured in openings in the side
of the solenoid 45,.
The lever 43 not only unlocks the printing cyl
inder but releases a ratchet mechanism by means
plates. As. can be seen from Fig. '7, the shaft
T! is of reduced diameter for some distance in- ‘
of which the printing cylinder is driven from the
side the frame from bearing T3 and this portion
shaft 23. The printing cylinder drives the roller
4| and the cylinder and roller cooperate to feed
the check downward and deliver it to the vertical
of the shaft carries the locking, disk 85 and the
pinion 8t‘. These parts may be forced on to the
shaft against the shoulder and- are held rigidly
on, the shaft by the press ?t.
chute 49. In this operation the endorsement is
printed on the back of the check by the printing
The disk 83 is rotatable on the shaft ‘H- and is
As soon as the check has passed
provided with a hub which carries the sprocket
wheel til. Thesprocket wheel and the disk 85
through, the levers such, as 46 restore, opening the
circuit of the solenoid. The printing cylinder,
however, makesv one complete rotation before it
preferably have a press ?t on the hub of the disk
the ratchet drive mechanism at the same time.
The foregoing brief description supplies as
becomes locked by the lever 43, which disengages 60 83 so that these three parts are ?rmly secured to
much information about the construction and
operation of'the check-endorsing mechanism as
will be required for an understanding of the
rIfhe disk 86 is loose on the shaft ‘I? and carries
three studs such as 88 which enter correspond
ing openings in the disk 81. The latter is thread- .
ed on shaft 77 and is prevented from turning on
Attention may now be directed to the sorting
apparatus. This apparatus includes a sorting de
vice proper which can be seen clearly in Figs. 2
and 3, where it is indicated generally by the ref
erence letters SD. It comprises two‘curved side
walls 5| and 52 and‘ two end walls 53 and 55,
the shaft by a lock nut 5t. A spring such as
89- surrounds each stud.- such as 88 and these
springs are compressed between the disk 81' and
the disk 86'. The springs accordingly tend to
force the disk 86 to the right as the arrangement
is seen in Fig. 7, which compresses the‘ sprocket
wheel-unit 83585 between the felt washers 9i
and 92.
The complete arrangement just described con
parts form a tapered chute which extends cross— 75 stitutes a friction clutch by means of which the
which may be secured to the side walls 5j!_and 52
by soldering or in, any suitable'manner. ‘These
‘sprocket wheel 813 drives the shaft 'I'I andpini'on
'81. The clutch is adjustable. .To increase the
friction, for example, the lock nut Q6 is backed
off ‘a little and then the disk 81 is turned in the
proper direction to further compress the springs
'89, thus increasing the pressure on the clutch
clockwise direction, as seenin Fig. 3. This '0‘p‘~
oration‘ rotates the sorting device SD on its trun
nions in a clockwise direction by means of crank
56, connecting bar 65, and arm 62 until the sort
ing device reaches the position shown in dot-dash
lines. In this position the opening at the upper
end of the sorting device lies to the right of the
chute 40, while the lower edge of the curved wall
5| is just above the partition 65. When the shaft
elements and increasing the frictional resistance
to rotation of the sprocket wheel unit independ
ent of the shaft. ,When the proper adjustment
is secured the lock nut 50 is tightened up again. 10 11 is released again it makes another rotation
The selecting mechanism includes a second
and shaft 93 is rotated. ninety degrees further.
shaft 93 which is provided with bearings 94 and
This operation-restores the sorting device to the
95 in the side plates ‘II and 72 of the frame. The
position in which it appears in Fig. 3. If the
.shaft 93 is driven from the shaft‘l'i by means
10f the pinion BI and the gearwheel 95, the latter
being fixed on shaft 93. The gear ratio is one to
four. A crank [56 is mounted on shaft 93 at one
end thereof.
": The sprocket wheel unit 83-—-85 of the selecting
mechanism is driven from the shaft 23 of the
check-endorsing machine. To this end the shaft
23 is provided with a sprocket wheel 25, and there
is. a chain or link belt IilI which connects the
sprocket wheels 25 and 84. These parts are all
shown in Fig. 2. When the machine is‘ in opera
tion the shaft 23 is continuously rotated by the
motor 29, and hence the sprocket wheel unit
83-85 is also in continuous rotation, due to the
chain drive above described.
shaft TI is released again, it makes a third ro
tation, thereby rotating shaft 93 an additional
ninety degrees, and rotating the sorting device
in a counter-clockwise direction to the position
shown in dotted lines. In this position‘ the open
ing at the upper end of the sorting device has
moved to the left of the chute 4!], while the lower
edge of the curved wall 52 has moved to a posi~
tion in which it is just above the partition 6 I. One
more operation caused by again releasing the
shaft TI restores the sorting deviceto its central
position. It will be clear that the correct amount
of rotation of the sorting device to cause it to
reach its dotted line and dot-dash line positions
is secured by proper adjustment of the pivot 61
on the arm 62.
The sprocket wheel unit 83—85 applies a con 3O
In assuming its different positions as described
tinuous driving torque to the shaft ‘IT by means
in the foregoing, the sorting device controls two
of the friction clutch, but rotation of shaft TI is
groups of contact springs IIil—I I5 and II60—I65,
normally prevented by a stop, I62, Fig. 5, which is
which are mounted on the bracket H6, Fig. 3.
adapted to engage the projection 82 on the pe
To this end the trunnion 58 is provided with an
riphery of disk 85. This arrangement maintains
arm 63, having a stud 64 at the end, on which
‘the shaft ‘ll normally locked against rotation.
The shaft TI is released by, means of the mag
net I84. The stop IE2 is mounted on the arma
ture H33 of the magnet so that when the magnet
is energized the attraction of armature E53 is
effective to withdrawthe stop m2 from in front
of the projection 82 and thus release the shaft
Tl for rotation. When the magnet N14 is de
energized, the armature i533 and stop I62 are re
stored by means of a spring i 55, whereby the stop
I02 is placed in the proper position to again en
gage the projection 32 as soon as the shaft ‘ll and
there is mounted a small roller of insulating ma
terial. The roller lies between the two working
contact springs III and H4. When the sorting
device is in its central position the working con
tact springs III and H4 engage contact springs
-I I2 and IE3, respectively. When the sorting de
vice is moved to its dot-dash position, the arm ‘63
and roller carried thereby move contact spring
III out of engagement with contact spring
I I2 and into engagement with contact spring III].
When the sorting device is moved to its dotted
‘line position, the arm 63 and the roller move the
disk 86 have completed one full rotation.
contact spring H6 out of engagement with con
The selecting mechanism SM is connected to
tact spring H3 and into engagement with con
the sorting device SD by a flat metallic bar 65, 50 tact spring I I5. These contact springs take part
Fig. 3. At its upper end the bar 65 is connected ‘ ' in the control of the selecting mechanism, as will
to the end of crank 66 by a, pivot 66 and at its
be described presently.
lower end the bar is connected to the arm 62 by
The second group of contact springs is located
means of a pivot 67. The arm 62 is rigidly se
immediately behind the ?rst group and hence
cured to the trunnion 58 close to its junction 55 does not appear in Fig. 3. Both groups of contact
with the sorting device. The pivot 67 is prefer
springs are, however, shown in the circuit draw
ably adjustable along a slot in the arm 62. For
ing, Fig. 10. From what has been said, it will be
this purpose a shoulder screw may be employed,
having a shank portion which lies in the open
ing in the end of bar 65 and a smaller threaded
portion which passes through the slot in the arm
62 and is clamped to the arm in the desired posi
tion by means of a nut.
As the parts are shown in Fig. 3, the opening
at the'upper end or‘ the sorting device is in exact
?‘alignment with the opening at the lower end of "
the chute 40. This adjustment is secured by an
understood that the roller on the end of arm 63
stands between the working contact springs I6I
and I62 of the second group and controls these
springs the same as it controls springs III and
‘I I 4 of the ?rst group. The contact springs of the
second group control the circuits of the counters
I55, I56, and I51.
The counters are of known construction and
are shown diagrammatically in Fig. 10‘.
are preferably mounted in a casing I'II , as shown
gular adjustment of the arm 62 on the trunnion
in Fig. 2, which may be secured to the angle iron
58. To permit of such adjustment the arm 62 is
piece I6 of the frame. The number wheels of the
preferably secured to the trunnion by means of 70 counters are visible through the opening I12,
set screws. The foregoing assumes, of course,
Fig. 1.
that shaft ‘I? is in locked position, as shown in
The selecting mechanism SM is controlled from
Fig. 5. When the shaft ‘I? is momentarily re
an adding machine which has been modi?ed by
leased by magnet H14 it makes one complete rota‘
the addition of three sets of contacts and means
tion and" rotates shaft 93. ninety degrees in a 1 75 for actuating them, respectively, in three differ
Fig. 2, and terminates at the switch I53. When
the switch is closed, current is ‘supplied to the
motor 29 and also to the primary winding of a
ent positions of the carriage of the machine.
Any suitable type of adding machine may be used.
Figs. 8 and 9 show the contact sets and actuating
. means therefor as incorporated in an Allen Wales
154. The
winding of the transformer supplies current to
the magnet HM of the selecting mechanism and
duplex adding machine.
The reference character I20 indicates a metal
plate which is attached to the adding machine
also to the counter operating magnets I55, I56,
at the rear. The upper edge of the plate lies
in a groove which extends along the lower side of
and I51.
For the purpose of operating the ‘counter, a cam
I58 is provided, ‘also ‘a pair of contact springs I59.
These parts do not appear in Fig. 2, as they are
obscured by other vparts, but it may be stated that
the cam is part of the printing cylinder ‘assembly
and rotates with it. The contacts I59'are closed,
therefore, once for each rotation of the printing
the stop bar I 32 while the lower end of the plate
is secured to the casing of the machine by means
of two screws HI and 522. The plate I20 carries
a small spacer plate I23 on which the three sets
of contact springs I24-I25, I26—i2'I, and I28
i29 are mounted in known manner.
The contacts are controlled by an arm I35
The wiring of the equipment follows standard
practice and need not be described. It may
be mentioned, however, that since the contact
springs I24-I29 are located at the adding ma
which is clamped to the carriage shift bar of the
' adding machine. The drawings only show a few
of the essential parts of the machine. Of these
parts, I36 is one of the end frame members of the
carriage, I3? is a transverse frame member of the
carriage, and I39 is the carriage shift lever for
operating the carriage shift bar I3 i. The bar I3I
is rotatable in bearings in the end frame plates
of the carriage, and there is a spring (not shown)
attached to the shift lever I30 which tends to ro
tate the shift bar I3I in a clockwise direction, as
seen in Fig. 9. Thus the stop arm I34 is normally
maintained in the slot of one of the adjustable
stops such as M3. By depressing the shift lever
I383 the shift bar Isl is rotated far enough to dis
chine, a four-conductor cable is required to con
nect the check-endorsing and sorting machine
with the adding machine. This cable may leave
the endorsing and sorting machine at a bushed
opening indicated at I56 in Fig.2.
The machine and various parts thereof hav
ing been described, a brief explanation of the
operation may now be given. The invention is
intended for use in the clearing and proving de
30 partment of a bank, where each clerk engaged
in handling deposits is provided with a check
it may be associated at the time, thereby permit
endorsing and sorting machine constructed in
accordance with the invention and an adding
ting the carriage to be shifted to the right or left,
machine modi?ed as herein described.
as the case may be.
The advantages secured by use of the inven
tion reside not only in the time and work saved,
but in the fact that it permits the employment
of a system in the handling of deposits which
engage the stop arm I34 from the stop with which
When the shift lever is re
leased, the stop arm automatically enters the ?rst
slot it encounters during shifting of the carriage
and thus locks the carriage against further move
This is a well known arrangement and
will require no further explanation.
l i)
As shown in the drawings, the machine is set up
for five columns of printing, and the carriage is
in fourth position, with the stop arm I34 in the‘
slot of stop I433. The arm I35 is inactive in this
position. ‘If the carriage shift lever I30 is de
pressed now, the carriage may be shifted to ?rst
position. While the shift is taking place the
‘shift lever is held depressed so that the stop arm
i315 clears the stops, with the result that the arm
I35also clears the contact springs which it passes.
Fig. 9 shows the arm I35 in the angular position
it occupies when the shift lever is in a depressed
The carriage having been shifted to '
?rst position, the shift lever may be released,
whereupon the stop arm ltd enters the slot in
stop M3 and locks the carriage. At the same
time the arm E35 engages the contact spring I24
and presses it into engagement with spring I25.
guards against the occurrence of errors. The
system used may vary considerably, depending on
the size of the bank and other factors, and ac
cordingly this phase of the matter will not be
gone into extensively. It will suffice for an un
derstanding of the invention to mention the
essential features of a system, which are directly
involved in or related to the operation of the
A simple system will be assumed,
moreover, such as might be used in a small bank
- having only one clearing clerk.
The deposits are collected periodically from
the receiving tellers’ cages and may be delivered
to the clearing and proving department by mes
senger. Each deposit comprises a deposit slip
and one or more checks.
The cash, if any, does
not accompany the deposit slips, but the amounts
entered therein are veri?ed by the tellers.
When the clearing clerk receives a batch of
deposits, she first sorts them by hand, placing in
The other two sets of contacts are closed in po
one stack all clearing house checks, in a second
sitions two and three of the carriage. In the sec
60 stack all miscellaneous checks, including transit
ond position the stop arm E34 rests in the slot
checks or checks on banks in other cities, and in
in stop ass, and the arm I35 presses contact
a third stack all checks “on us,” or checks on the
spring E28 into engagement with contact spring
local bank. The deposit slips are placed in a
I2'i; while in the third position the stop arm I34
fourth stack.
The clearing clerk then takes the ?rst stack
presses contact spring E28 into engagement with 65
of checks, the clearing house checks, and ar
contact spring I29.
ranges them convenient to the adding machine
The circuit connections may now be described
and the check-endorsing and sorting machine,
briefly with reference to Fig. 10. The conductors
I56 and I5! are conductors of a plug-ended cord 70 which are located side by side. The stack of
rests in the slot in stop 542 and the arm I35
or other suitable arrangement whereby access
may be had to a source of commercial alternat
ing current at a convenient outlet.
The cord en
ters the casing of the endorsing and sorting ma
checks may be placed, for example, on the shelf
i2 of the endorsing and sorting machine. The
carriage of the adding machine is then shifted to
the ?rst column and the clerk proceeds to enter
As each check is entered it is re
‘chine at a bushed opening I52 at the rear, see 75 the checks.
moved from the stack and‘is fed into the endors
ing and sorting machine.
‘It is understood, of course, that prior to the
beginning of operations as described above the
adding machine and endorsing and sorting ma
thus completing a circuit for the counter operat
ing magnet I55 which extends from terminal I'M
by way of conductor I76, conductor I80, winding
In the endorsing machine the switch IE3 is closed.
The motor 29 is therefore running and the shaft
of magnet £55, conductor I85, contact springs IE3
and IBI, contact springs 263 and i655, conductor
I82, contact springs I59, and conductor I'll" to
terminal H5. The transformer ia'i supplies cur
rent to this circuit and magnet i 55 is accordingly
23 is being continuously rotated, driving the‘
energized momentarily, advancing the counter in
chine are both connected to a source of current.
sprocket wheel 34 of the selecting mechanism 10 known manner to- register one check as having
SM by means of sprocket wheel 25 and link belt
been delivered to compartment A.
I Eli.
The clerk continues to enter the clearing house
When the carriage of the adding machine is
checks on the adding machine until all the checks
shifted to the ?rst column and the column shift
in this category have been entered, each check
lever I31} is released, the arm I35 closes con 15 being fed into the endorsing. and sorting machine
tact springs I24 and I25, Figs. 8 and 10. The
as soon as entered. The machine operates as de
closure of these contact springs completes a cir
scribed, printing the endorsement on each check
cuit :for the magnet IE4 of the selecting mecha-’
and delivering it to compartment A at the bottom
of the machine.
nism SM which may be traced from terminal I'M
by way of conductor I'IB, contact springs I25 20 Having ?nished with the clearing house checks,
and I24, conductor I78, contact springs H2 and
the clerk prints the total, which clears out the
III, conductor I19, and winding of magnet I94
upper counter on the adding machine, leaving
the total registered on the lower counter.
to terminal I15. Since the secondary winding of
The clerk now takes the second stack of checks,
the transformer I54 is connected to terminals I14
and I75, current is supplied to the above traced { being the miscellaneous checks, shifts the adding
machine carriage to the second column, and pro
circuit and the magnet IE4 is energized, there
ceeds to enter the checks and feed them one by
by releasing the shaft TI of the selecting mech—
one into the endorsing and sorting machine, the
anism in the manner previously explained. The
same as was done With the clearing house checks.
shaft ‘I1 accordingly rotates with the‘ sprocket
When the carriage is shifted from the ?rst
wheel 8% and drives the shaft 93 by means of 30
column to the second column, the contact springs
pinion SI and gear 96. Shaft 93 rotatesrin a
E24 and I25 are separated and the contact springs
clockwise direction and rotates the sorting de
I26 and i2? are closed. Accordingly, a new cir
vice SD in a clockwise direction by means of the
cuit is completed for magnet IM of the selecting
crank 65, connecting bar 65, and arm 62.
As soon as the sorting device begins to rotate, 35 mechanism, extending from terminal I'M by way
of conductor I76, contact springs I2? and i26,
conductor E83, contact springs Mil and ill, con
ductor I19, and winding of magnet Iilt to termi
the contact spring IIZ, thereby breaking the
nal I ‘I5. Upon energizing, magnet let releases
circuit of magnet I04. The magnet is accord- »
ingly deenergized and the stop I02 is restored 40 the shaft 'l'i, whereupon the shaft TI and shaft 93
start to rotate in the manner previously de
in preparation for stopping the shaft 71 at the
scribed, with the result that the sorting device SD
end of one complete rotation. When the rota~
is rotated in a counter-clockwise direction toward
tion is completed, the projection 82 engages the‘
its central position.
stop I02 and the shaft ‘I1 is locked against fur
‘Near the beginning of the return movement
ther rotation. During the rotation of shaft ‘H,
of the sorting device SD the arm 83 permits con
the shaft 93 rotates ninety degrees, as previ
tact spring I I I to break away from contact spring
ously explained, and moves the sorting device
lit, thus opening the circuit of magnet I64.
SD to its dot-dash position, as indicated in Fig.
Shaft 11 makes one complete rotation, however,
3. Near the end of the movement of the sorting
device the contact spring III is brought into 50 before it becomes locked again, and shaft EI3 is re
tated ninety degrees, whereby the sorting device
engagement with contact spring H0 by means
SD is brought exactly to its central position, as
of the roller on arm 63.
shown in the drawings. In this position of the
Arm 63 also actuates the contact spring IBI
device, the contact spring Iii again en
during the above described movement of the sort
spring ‘i i 2, while contact spring It!
ing device, separating said contact spring I5I__
again engages contact spring I62.
from contact spring Hi2 and moving it intoen
~ When the clerk feeds the miscellaneous checks
gagement with contact spring I58. This oper-‘
or very shortly thereafter, the roller on the end
of arm 63 separates the contact spring I II from
ation prepares a circuit for the counter oper
ating magnet I55.
When the ?rst check is fed into the endorsing
and sorting machine at opening I3, the levers 46
are actuated by the check and initiate the rota
tion of the printing cylinder 2a in the manner
into the machine, the checks are endorsed as in
the previous case, but now, due to the change
in the position of the sorting device, the checks
' pass between the walls of the sorting device upon
leaving the chute at and are deposited in com
partment 3.
Upon entering the sorting device
the checks impinge on the curved ba?le 55, which
previously explained. The cylinder accordingly 65 diverts them slightly to the left and insures that
makes one complete rotation, during which the
all the checks will fall into the compartment 33
endorsement is printed on the check. As the
with the same side up.
check leaves the printing cylinder it passes into
During each rotation of the printing cylinder
the vertical chute 68, through which it descends
the‘ cam‘ I58 closes the‘contact springs 559 as
by gravity. Upon leaving the chute the check
i‘npinges on the curved side wall 5I_ of the sort
ing device SD which diverts it to the left and de
livers it to compartment A.
, During ‘the rotation of the printing cylinder the
cam I53 closes contact springs 55B momentarily,
before, thus completing a circuit for the counter
' operating magnet I56. ' This circuit extends from
terminal, Iii! by way of conductor H5, conductor
I80, windingof magnet I56, contact springs I6!
and IE2, contact springs I63 and IE4, conductor
I82, contact ‘springs I59,‘ and conductor IT? to
2,411 2,830
terminal H5.
The counter is accordingly ad
vanced a number of times to register the checks
then takes the total, which clears‘ out the upper
counter as in previous cases.
The clerk now prints the grand total, which
clears out‘ the machine. If the grand total is
The clerk now prints the total of the miscel
laneous checks on the adding machine, which op~ on zero,‘ which it should‘ be, it proves the entered
batch of deposits and the clerk knows that her
crates in known manner, clearing out the upper
entries and those on the deposit slips are cor- _
counter and accumulating the total in the lower
recto If the grand total does not equal zero", it
indicates that an error has been made, either by
The clerk now takes‘ the third stack of checks,
shifts the carriage of the adding machine to the 10 the‘: clerk or by a depositor, and the amount of
the error and its sign‘ willv usually afford a‘ clue
third column, and proceeds to enter the checks
as to its location. Thus any error indicated may
and feed them one at a time into the: endorsing
deposited in compartment B.
and sorting machine, the same as was done with
the two preceding stacks.
When the carriage is shifted from the second
column to the third column, the contact springs
I26 and 121 are separated and the contact springs
I28 and iii} are closed. Upon the closure of con
tact springs I28 and I29, a circuit is again com
pleted for magnet H14, extending from terminal a
PM ‘by way of conductor H6, contact springs F58
and H28, conductor [84, contact springs H3‘ and
H4, conductor H9, and winding of magnet in to
terminal 515. Upon energizing, magnet ltlii re
leases the shaft 11. Shafts ‘El and 93 accordingly i
start to rotate, and the latter shaft starts to ro~
tate the sorting device SD in a counter-clockwise
direction toward its dotted line position as indi~
cated in Fig. 3,
The foregoing movement of the sorting device -
breaks the circuit of magnet EM at contact
springs H3 and H4, which are separated by arm
63, and the magnet We is deenergized. The ro
tation of shaft ‘l's’ continues for one complete ro
tation during which the shaft 93 rotates ninety ;
degrees and moves the sorting device exactly to
its dotted line position.
The described movement of the sorting device
is accompanied by the movement of arm 83,
which brings contact spring I it into engagement
with contact spring H5, thus preparing a circuit
for moving the sorting device out of its dotted line
position. Arm 63 also brings contact spring Itil
into engagement with contact spring 1%, which
prepares a circuit for counter operating magnet
As the checks of the third stack are fed into
the endorsing machine they are endorsed in the
usual manner, but in this case, due to the change
be‘. corrected quickly.
It? will be seen that, although all the checks
have‘ gone through the‘ endorsing machine, they
have been delivered to three different compart
ments in accordance with their original classi
fication. The checks in compartment A are re
moved and are tied up with a copy of the ?rst
column entries for forwarding to the clearing
house bank. The’ checks from compartment C
go to the bookkeeping department of the bank
alongv with. the deposit slips. The checks from
compartment B are put aside for forwarding to
the out-of-town banks for collection as time per
mits, or at the end of the day. These and other
details of the clerk’s duties have no particular
relevancy in so far as the explanation of the op
eration of the invention is concerned and will
not be further discussed.
The checks having been removed from the com
partments of the machine, it is ready to handle
the next batch of deposits. In this connection
it will be noted that the sorting device has been
left in its dotted line position, in which it de
livers checks to compartment 0. When the add
ing machine carriage is shifted to the ?rst col
umn again, contact springs I24 and I25 are closed
again, andv a circuit is closed for the magnet I05.
Upon energizing, the magnet HM releases the
shaft ‘H, which starts to rotate and drives shaft
93 as previously described. During the ?rst com
plete rotation of shaft ll, shaft 93 rotates ninety
degrees and rotates the sorting device to its cen
tral position, asit is shown in the drawings. This
movement of the sorting device does not, how
ever, open the circuit of magnet HM and there
fore shaft ‘ll does not become looked upon com~
pleting one rotation but continues for a second
in the position of the sorting device, the checks 50 rotation. The further movement of the sorting
device in response to this second rotation short
impinge on the curved wall 52 thereof upon leav~
ly opens the circuit of magnet Hill at contact
ing the chute fit and are diverted to the right
and deposited in compartment C.
The counter i5? is operated by cam [58 in the
manner described in the case of the other count
ers, the circuit being obvious in view of the op
erating circuits previously traced.
Thus the
counter is advanced a number of times to reg
ister the checks deposited in compartment C.
'The clerk now shifts the carriage of the add- .
ing machine to the fourth column and enters the
cash items from the deposit slips. When the car
riage is shifted out of the third column position
the contact springs I28 and I29 are separated.
This operation has no effect on the selecting
mechanism, which remains in its last attained
Having entered the cash items, the
springs III and H2 and accordingly the magnet
is deenergized and shaft Tl becomes locked at the
end of the second rotation. Thus the sorting de
vice is properly positioned to deliver checks to
compartment A.
Attention may now be directed to Fig. 11, which
shows a check-sorting apparatus adapted to ban
dle ?ve-classi?cations of checks rather than three.
The complete endorsing and sorting machine
corresponds generally to the one described. The
base portion of the machine is made somewhat
higher, however, to accommodate two sorting de
vices SDI and SD‘! in superimposed relation, as
shown in the drawings. These sorting devices are
supported on trunnions and are similar to the
sorting device SD of the machine already de
clerk takes the total as in the preceding cases.
The carriage of the adding machine is now
The selecting mechanism is also the same as
shifted to the ?fth column and the clerk enters 70
the selecting mechanism SM and includes a shaft
the credit totals from the deposit slips. These
11’, a locking disk 80', and a release magnet I64’,
items are the totals of checks and cash as added
which are the same as the correspondingly num
up by the depositors, and are entered with the
bered parts of the selecting mechanism SM.
minus bar, which means that they are subtracted
from the entries previously made. The clerk 75 There is also a friction drive mechanism (not
shown) which is the same as the one described
and applies a torque to shaft TI’ to drive it in
the brush 246, the initial circuit of magnet I04’
is broken but the rotation of the parts continues,
the direction of the arrow. The pinion BI’ and
for shaft 1'!’ cannot become locked except upon
the completion of a rotation, and the locking
7 gear 96' also correspond to the like numbered
parts of the selecting mechanism SM, but the
points correspond to the approximate centers
gear ratio is one to ?ve instead of one to four.
The gear wheel 96' is mounted on a shaft 200,
which also carries the cams 20I and 202, the
commutator 203 and ?ve slip rings 204. The
cams 20! and 202 control the sorting devices SDI 10
and SDZ, respectively, through the medium of
actuating rods 205 and 201. These rods are lon»
gitudinally slidable in guides 209 and 2| 0, and
their ends ‘are maintained in engagement with
the peripheries of their respective cams by springs
206 and 208. Although not shown, it will be
understood that the ?ve 'slip rings are wired to
the ?ve segments, respectively, of the commuta
tor 203.
The adding machine is arranged for the entry
of checks in ?ve columns and has a set of con
tact springs associated with each column. When
the carriage of the adding machine is shifted
to the ?rst column, the ?rst set of contact springs
is actuated; that is, contact spring 2I2 is dis
engaged from contact spring 2H and is brought
into engagement with contact spring H3. The
other sets of contact springs are similarly actu
ated in the different positions of thecarriage to
which they correspond.
The sets of contacts on the adding machine
are numbered from 1 to 5 in accordance with
the columns to which they correspond and for
convenience in following the operation the same
numbering is employed at other points in the '
Current for energizing the magnet I24’ is sup
plied from the secondary winding of the trans
former I513’, which is the same as transformer
SM previously referred to.
The functions of the clearing clerk are the
same as before, except for the somewhat differ
ent classi?cation of the checks, and accordingly
the description can be con?ned to the control and
operation. of the sorting apparatus.
When the carriage of the adding machine is
shifted to the ?rst column, the ?rst set of con
tact springs is actuated, contact spring 2I2 be
ing moved out of engagement with contact spring
2 I I and into engagement with contact spring 2 I3,
of the commutator segments. When the ?fth
commutator segment engages brush 2%, a new.
circuit is completed for magnet ted’, extending
from terminal I75’ by way of conductor 240,
contact springs 2I3 and 2E2, contact springs 22d
and 223, brush 245, the ?fth slip ring, ?fth
segment of commutator 203, brush 2G5, conductor
25?, and winding of magnet Hid’ to terminal
I14’. Magnet I04’ is energized over the above
circuit, and hence when shaft ‘5?’ completes its
?rst rotation it does not become locked but con
tinues on a. second rotation, which insures an
other seventy-two degree rotation of shaft 200.
The circuit of magnet Hid’ is broken again
when the ?fth segment of commutator 20d leaves
the brush 246. The ?fth segment is followed by
the ?rst segment, but when the ?rst segment
of the commutator comes under the brush 2% the
circuit of magnet IN’ is not again closed, for
r the connection to the ?rst segment (through the
first slip ring and brush 213!) is open at con
tact spring 2“ at the adding machine. Magnet
E94’ accordingly remains deenergized and shaft
ll’ becomes locked upon completing its second
As a result of the foregoing, the shaft 200 has
been rotated for an angular distance of twice
seventy-two degrees, or one hundred forty-four
degrees in all, which is su?icient to bring the
centers of the ?rst sections of cams Ziii and
202 into engagement with the actuating rods 205
and 201, respectively. Actuating rod 2d‘! restores
to the position in which it is shown as soon as
the ?fth section of cam 202 leaves the rod, for
the ?rst section which follows is the same as
, the fourth section. Actuating rod 2§5 moves to
the right as soon as it is engaged by the ?rst
section of cam 20I, for this section is depressed
or cut away, as shown. The movement of the
‘rod 205 to the right, ‘which takes place due to
spring ‘206 and the described cam con?guration,
rotates the sorting device SDI into the proper‘
position to deliver checks to the ?rst compart-'
‘The operation at this point is the same as
and a circuit is completed for magnet I04’ which
can be traced from terminal H5’ by way of con
previously described. When the clerk feeds the
ductor 2439, contact springs ‘M3 and ‘M2, contact
springs 22? and 220, brush 244,’the fourth slip
ring, the fourth segment of commutator 203,
brush 2%, conductor 24?, and winding of magnet
Hi4’ to terminal Ilii'. Magnet i011’ energizes
over the above circuit and releases‘ shaft ‘ll’,
which starts to. rotate, driving shaft 290 by means
they are endorsed in the usual manner and pass
one at a time down the chute 48’. Upon leav
checks into the endorsing and sorting machine,
ing the‘chute each check impinges on the sort
ing device SDI and is diverted to the left and
deposited in the ?rst compartment.
When the adding machine carriage is shifted
to the second column the ?rst set of contact
of pinion Bi’ and gear 95'. The direction of rota~ 60 springs is restored to normal and the second set
tion is as indicated by the arrows.
is actuated. A circuit is accordingly closed for
One complete rotation of shaft Tl’ causes shaft
magnet E64’, which extends from terminal I15’
200 to rotate seventy-two degrees, which brings
by way of conductor 24d, contact springs ZIIB and
the ?fth sections of the cams‘ 20! and 262 into
2I5, contact springs 2I2 and 2“, brush 2M, ?rst
engagement with the actuating bars 205 and 203.
slip ring, ?rst segment‘ of commutator 203, brush
Section 5 of cam 25}! is the same as section 4,
245, conductor 24‘! and winding of magnet I04’
and accordingly the bar 205 is not disturbed.
to terminal I'M’. Upon energizing, magnet I04’
Section 5 of cam 202 is a raised section, and
releases the shaft Tl’, which makes one complete
moves the actuating bar 201 to the .‘-.eft, which
rotation and advances shaft 209 for an angular‘
rotates the sorting device SD22 into the proper 70 distance of seventy-two degrees. Magnet I04’v
position to deliver checks to compartment 5. This
is deenergized as soon as the ?rst segment of
operation is noted in passing, but the position
commutator 203 leaves the brush 24B and‘does not‘
assumed by the sorting device SD2 is only mo
energize when the second segment comes under.
mentarily maintained.
the brush, for the connection to the second seg
When the fourth commutator segment leaves 75 ment is open. at contact spring 2M. The shaft
‘F1’ accordingly becomes looked after completing
machine is used, but in some cases a modi?ed 1
one rotation.
system using a non-listing duplex calculating
The second sections of the cams 2M and 282
are now in engagement with the actuating rods
machine may be adopted. When a non-:listing
machine is used, the sets of contacts such as
205 and ?ll, respectively. The position of rod 287
is not altered, but rod 265 is moved to the left,
i24—i25, Fig. 10, or 2! l—2l2-—-2l3, Fig. 11, may
be mounted under the shelf l2 of the endorsing
for the second section of cam Zill is a raised sec
and sorting machine and are manually con
troiled by means of keys or push buttons.
tion. The sorting device SDl is therefore ro
tated to the proper position to deliver checks to
While the invention is designed particularly for
10 sorting checks in a bank, it is possible that cer
tain features may have utility in other situations. I
When the carriage of the adding machine is
the second compartment.
shifted to the third column, the second set of
contact springs is restored to normal and the
third set of contact springs is actuated. Another
circuit for magnet Hill’ is thereby closed, tracea
ble from terminal H5’ by way of conductor 240,
contact springs 2H! and 2l8, contact springs H5
and 2M, brush 2&2, second slip ring, second seg
We do not, therefore, wish to be limited to the
precise forms of the invention illustrated and
described herein, but desire to include and have
protected by Letters Patent all modifications and
applications of the invention which come Within
the scope of the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. In combination, a plurality of contact sets,
ment of commutator 2&3, brush 246, conductor
211i‘, and winding of magnet IM’ to terminal H4’. 20 a shaft having a plurality of angular positions
corresponding to said contact sets, respectively,
Magnet EM’ accordingly energizes and releases
the shaft 1"!’ which makes another rotation and
rotates shaft 2% another seventy-two degrees.
This brings the third segment of the commuta
means responsive to the actuation of any contact
set for rotating said shaft to the coresponding
position, a sorting device having a plurality of '
tor 283 under the brush 246, and since the con
selective positions corresponding to the positions
mention to this segment is open at contact spring
2E7 the magnet W4’ is deenergized and the shaft
71' becomes looked upon completing its rotation.
of said shaft, respectively, and means including a
cam on said shaft responsive to movement of the
shaft to any position for moving the sorting de
The third sections of cams 2M and 2% are now
vice to the corresponding selective position.
2. In combination, a shaft, means for applying,r
in engagement with the actuating rods 2% and 3 0
a continuous rctative torque to said shaft, means
297, respectively. The third section of cam EDI
for locking said shaft against rotation, a magnet
is the same as the fourth section and the actuat
for unlocking said shaft, a second shaft geared
ing rod 2555 therefore assumes the position in
to said ?rst shaft and having a plurality of equally
which it is shown, which brings the sorting de
spaced angular positions corresponding to suc
vice SD! to its central position. The third sec
cessive rotations of said ?rst shaft, a plurality of
tion of cam 282 is a depressed section, which
contact sets corresponding to said positions, re
permits the actuating rod Z?lto move to the
spectively, and circuit means for energizing said
right, rotating the sorting device SD2 into the
magnet whenever a contact set is actuated which
proper position to deliver checks to the third
does not correspond to the instant position of said
second shaft.
The foregoing will be clear from the drawings,
3. In combination, a sorting device supported.
from which it will be apparent that a check leav
on pivots and having a plurality of selective posi
ing the chute 58’ will pass into and through the
tions, two sets of contact springs actuated in two
centrally disposed sorting device SDI and will
different positions of said sorting device, respec
then impinge upon the sorting device SDZ (now
tively, a plurality of sets of control contacts cor
rotated in a clockwise direction), which will di
respectively, to the selective positions
vert the check to the left and deposit it in the
of said sorting device, means including a magnet
third compartment.
for moving said sorting device to any position re
It is thought that the circuit operations which
sponsive to the actuation of the corresponding.
take place in response to the shifting of the add
control contact, and circuits for said magnet con
ing machine carriage to the fourth and ?fth col
trolled jointly by said sets of contact springs and
umns will be readily understood from the fore
by said control contacts.
going explanation. When the carriage is shifted
Ll. In a check-handling system which includes
to the fourth column, the shaft 230 rotates until
a multiple column tahulating machine having a
the fourth commutator segment becomes associ
shiftable carriage, a plurality of compartments for
ated with the brush 2%, as shown in the draw
receiving tabulated checks, check-sorting appa
ings. In this position of the shaft the cams 2ill
ratus, means for feeding said tabulated checlts
and 202 so control the actuating rods that both
through said apparatus to
compartments, and
the sorting devices SD! and SD2 are in the cen
means automatically actuated by said carriage in
tral position. Checks coming down the chute 4%)’ 60 accordance with the position thereof for deter—
will therefore be deposited in the fourth compart
mining the compartment to which the checks are
ment. When the carriage is shifted to the ?fth
delivered by said apparatus.
column, the shaft 280 is automatically rotated
5. In a check-handling system, the combina
until the ?fth commutator segment is centered
tion, with a multiple column tabulating' machine
under brush 256. In this position of the shaft, 65 having a carriage shiftable to different positions,
cam Elli leaves the sorting device SDI in central
of a plurality of check~receiving compartments
position, but cam 292 rotates the sorting device
corresponding to said positions, respectively,
SD2‘ in a counter-clockwise direction, bringing it
check-sorting apparatus adapted to deliver checks
into the proper position to deliver checks to the
to any of said compartments, switches actuated by
?fth compartment.
70 said carriage in‘ its di?erent positions, respectively,
1 Itwill be clear that the capacity of the sorting
and means including said switches for controlling
apparatus may be further expanded, following
said‘appar‘atus to cause the same to always deliver
checks to the particular compartment which cor
the same principle as illustrated in Fig. 11.
responds to the instant position of said carriage‘.
In the particular system described in the fore
6. In a ‘check handling system, a multiple
going, a duplex adding, subtracting and listing 75
column tabulating machine having column select
ing means, a plurality of compartments for re
ceiving tabulated checks, check-sorting appara
tus, means for feeding said tabulated checks
through said apparatus to said compartments, and
means actuated automatically by said column
selecting means for determining the compart
ment to which the checks are delivered by said
apparatus in accordance with the selected column
in which the checks are tabulated.
endorsing means for operating the register con
ditioned for operation by said selector means.
8. In a check-handling system of the class de
scribed havlng a plurality of check-receiving com
partments arranged side by side in a generally
horizontal plane and a sorting mechanism ar
ranged thereabove and including a downwardly
directed ?xed chute into which checks are de
livered for sorting, the improvement which con
sists in the provision of a tubular member ar
7. A check endorsing and sorting machine, in
ranged between the lower end of said chute and
cluding in combination, means for endorsing
said compartments and adapted to receive checks
checks, a plurality of compartments for receiving
from said chute, means for pivotally mounting
endorsed checks, check-sorting apparatus, means
said tubular member, means for selectively
for feeding endorsed checks from said endorsing 15 rotating said tubular member to guide checks de
means through said apparatus ‘to said compart
scending therefrom selectively into any one of
ments, check registers coresponding to said com
said compartments, a plurality of counters, cir
partments, selector means responsive to said sort
cuit means including contacts for operating said
ing apparatus for selectively conditioning said
counters, and means actuated by said tubular
registers for operation on feeding of an endorsed
check through said apparatus to a corresponding 20 member for actuating said contact means.
compartment, and means responsive to said check
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