' Dec. 24, 1946. J_ KOLARIK ‘ 72,413,053 TRACTION SPLINT Filed Dec. 15, 1944 ‘ w . 32 . 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 ‘ 36 . ' e/bl-IN K01. A R [K I - INVENTOR. BY % Dec. 24, 1946. J, KOLARIK ‘ 2,413,053 TRACTION SPLINT Filed Dec. 15, 1944 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Jomv KOLAR/K INVENTOR. A TfOH/VEY Patented Dec. 24, 1946 2,413,053 UNITED. STATES PATENT- oFFl-cE; 2,413,053 TRACTION SPLINT John Kolarik, Brooklyn, N. Y, Application December 15, 1944, Serial No. 568,268.. 3 Claims. (Cl. 128—84) . My invention relates to traction splints andhas particular reference to splints, for bracing broken bones in a patient’s leg. 2/ Fig. 10is a fractional detail view of thelowel'v end of the splint; ‘ Fig. 11 is an end view of the lower end‘ofbthe; ' splints; For healing broken boneslof the leg, such as tibia, metal pins are usually inserted _'above and below the broken portions of the bone, the ends Fig. 12 is a fractional detail view of} parts of ' the splint shown in Fig.9. My traction splint comprises side braces I of the pins being heldiin metal splints thereby having enlarged portions:.2 at the top-'towhich ?rmly holding the broken part of the bone to upper braces 3 are pivotally connectedaté; The gether until healed. My invehtionhas for its object to provide a 10 pivot 4 is offset relative to; the upper. brace as shown, and the enlarged portion ZisrecessedatS, metal splint which canbe usedfor supporting allowing the two pairsv of braces to assume. an the pins in the broken portions of the leg bone in angular position asshown', with the apexgof the a fixed position until the bones are healed,al angle extending to the rear, therebylocking the lowing at the same time the patient to walk with out any danger of disturbing the proper, relative 15 pivoted connection by the weight of "the body. Springs 1, 8 are connected to the lower, braces position of the bones. by bolts ,9, H1 and to the upper braceby a. bolt H, Another object of‘ my invention is to provide The upper braces are provided-with adjustable-leg a splint in which the pins for the two broken bands l2, [3 of a suitable construction. The lower braces are hollow for telescopic extensions l5, held in their positions by tightening. screws [5. Notches or corrugations I‘! are provided-on the extensions for the ends of the screws 16', to portions of a bone are held in adjustably joined parts of the splint in such a manner that-the bones can be pulled apart, allowing a “traction” between the portions of the broken bone, for placing the broken ‘ends in a correct relative position, and ?rmly securing the parts of thesplinttogether prevent slippage. 25 It should be noted that the general»co_nstru<_:_~ when the bones are correctly set. tion of the braces is the same asdisclosedin my Another object of my invention is to provide copending patent application, Serial-No; 536,036; means to adjust therelative angular position of ?led May 18, 1944. the foot relative to the position of the tibia or The lower braces support metal bands}, It, other bones of the leg and to.hold. thefootin the adjusted position until the bones are healed. 30 curved to lit the patient’s leg and provided with several holes IQ for a traction pin 2i], which passes Another object of my invention is to; provide through a corresponding hole in the, patient’s leg a splint which can be ?rmly secured to apatient’s bone or tibia. The bands l8 arefastened to, the leg in several places and which can. be adjusted braces by clips 2| with looking screws 22. for the legs of different sizes. . The lower ends of the extension rods ‘la-have Still another object of my invention is to pro 35 holes for the ends of a rod 25 which are threaded vide a splint which can be used: for setting. the for locking nuts 26. A sleeve ~21~~is rotatively broken leg bones and‘, when the bones are healed, supported on the rod 25 andare secured to a-lower as a splint for supporting the leg until its nor adjusting plate ordisc 28<supporting an upper mal functions are restored. My invention is more fully described in. the 40 adjusting plate or discv 29. ' The plates-are shown in detail in Figs. 5 and 6. The plate‘ 28_ is pro-, accompanying speci?cation and drawings in vided with slots 30 for screws 31. andv the upper. which: Fig. 1 is a side view of my traction splints; Fig. 2 is a front view of the same; Fig. 3 is an enlarged detail view of the} lower plate 29 is provided with threadedholestiilfoit these screws so that the upper' plate can. be 45 secured to the lower plate in di-?erent relative angular positions. The upper plate has a semi~, circular rib 35 with a hole 36for a-bolt 31 having a wing nut 38. The bolt 31 supportslegsrlle-r-of portion of the splint, showing the foot supporting parts; Fig. 4 is a detail plan view of a foot plate; adjustable side bands 4|.» Thebands are pro* Figs. 5 and 6 are twoviews of a lower adjusting 50 vided with holes 42 forlower traction pins 53 connecting part; which are inserted into the correspondingholes in the lower portion of the patientis legbone or Figs. '7 and 8 are two views of an .upperzadjusi ing. connecting part; tibia. The bo1t3‘l also supports ‘a tongue is, Fig. 9' is a perspective view. of the‘, splintused for setting the thigh structure; extending from afoot plate 45. 55. v The brace. is used for-.pronerlvl setting...br0ken 2,413,053 3 4 leg bones. For this purpose, traction pins 20, 43 examples, it will be understood by those skilled are inserted into the bones above and below the in the art after understanding the invention, that various changes and further modi?cations may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, and it is intended there point of fracture, the ends of the pins being held in the bands l8 and 4|. The screws 22 are fastened ?rmly and the pa tient’s foot with the foot plate 45 is pulled out the bone. After joining the ends of the bones, fore, in the appended claims to cover all such changes and modi?cations. What is claimed as new and desired to be se the bottom extension I 5 is then fastened securely cured by Letters Patent is: wards for bringing together the broken ends of 1. A traction splint comprising a pair of upper with screw I6. The bolts 3| are loosened for 10 turning the patient’s foot in a proper position in braces; means to removably attach the braces to a patient’s thigh; a pair of tubular lower braces a horizontal plane, and are tightened when the ’ proper position of the foot is obtained. The pivotally connected to the lower ends of the up winged nut 38 is then loosened for turning the per braces; metal bands slidably supported on the leg with the bands 41 into a proper position in a lower braces; means to detachably fasten the vertical plane, and is tightened when the leg is bands to the braces, the bands being provided in the proper position. The brace is then worn with holes for a traction pin; extensions telescop by the patient until the bones are properly healed. ically ?tted in the lower braces; means to lock When the bones are healed, the traction pins the extensions in the lower braces; a rod trans 20 and 43 are extracted, and the side braces M 20 versely supported at the lower ends of the ex with their supporting parts removed and replaced tensions; a lower plate rotatively supported on with an ordinary attachment for supporting the the rod; an upper plate adjustably supported on patient’s foot as disclosed in my aforementioned the lower plate; a foot plate adjustably supported copending application. The brace can be then on the upper plate; and side bands adjustably worn by the patient until the full use of the leg 25 supported on the upper plate in a plane at a ?xed is restored. angle to the plane of the foot plate and provided My traction splint can be also used for set with a plurality of holes for a second traction ting broken femur bones. Such an arrangement pin, the side bands being arranged to be held is shown in Fig. 9. The springs ‘l, 8 are removed at the sides of the patient’s legs the position of for this purpose, and links 50 are attached at their 30 the foot plate being adjustable simultaneously ends to the upper end lower braces by the screws with the position of the second traction pin by or bolts I0 and I I. The links 56 are provided with adjusting the telescopic extensions. several holes 5| for the screws so that the two 2. A traction splint comprising a pair of upper pairs of braces or splints can be joined together at braces ;.means to removably attach the braces to a a desired angle for holding the patient’s leg rigid patient’s thigh; a pair of tubular lower braces and bent at the knee. The screws l I are also used pivotally connected to the lower ends of the for attaching ?are-out ends 49 of tubular mem upper braces; metal bands slidably supported on bers 52. Extension rods 53 are slidably ?tted in the lower braces; means to detachably fasten the the open ends of the tubular members 52 and are bands to the braces, the bands being provided threaded for wing nuts 54. The end portions 55 of with several holes for a traction pin; extensions the rods 53 are bent at right angles towards each telescopically ?tted in the lower braces; means to other and are placed in a sleeve 56. The sleeve lock the extensions in the lower braces; a rod 56 has a slot 51 for screws 58 which hold the transversely supported at the lower ends of the end portions 55 in an adjusted position, to suit extensions; a lower plate rotatively supported different sizes of patient’s legs. The sleeve 56 on the rod; an upper plate adjustably supported on the lower plate; a rib vertically extending from carries a plate 59 with a hole for a screw 60 which the upper plate and having a hole for a bolt; secures the ends of a link 6|, having a number of side bands having angular lower extensions with holes 62 for screws 63 with which it is attached to holes for the bolt; a foot plate; a tongue extend a second link 64, the end of the second link be ing attached by a screw 65 to the joined ends of ing from the foot plate with a hole for the bolt; side bands 4|’, similar to the bands M of Fig. 1, a nut on the bolt for tightening the bands and the bands having holes for the traction pin 43 the'tongue in adjusted positions, the side bands which is inserted in the lower portion of the having holes for a second traction pin the posi tion of the foot plate being adjustable simulta patient’s fractured femur. The links BI, 62 are adjusted for the required length, and the ?nal neously with the position of the second traction tension or traction is given to the broken bone pin by adjusting the telescopic extensions. by tightening wing nuts 54. The rods 53 are 3. A traction splint comprising a pair of upper ?attened at one side as shown in Fig. 12 and braces; means to removably attach the braces to are provided with marks 66 indicating the tena patient’s thigh; a pair of tubular lower braces sion in pounds as has been found experimentally 60 pivotally connected to the lower ends of the up for stretching the broken portion of a human leg. per braces; metal bands slidably supported on After the bones have been properly set, the pa the lower braces; means to detachably fasten the tient is left with the splint in a tightened posi bands to the braces, the bands being provided tion until the bones are healed. With my splint with several holes for a traction pin; extensions it is not necessary to use other means to support 65 telescopically ?tted in the lower braces; means to or stretch the leg with reference to weights and lock the extensions in the lower braces; a rod. pulleys and the patient can move around or walk transversely supported at the lower ends of the with crutches without disturbing the relative posi extensions; a lower plate, a tubular member at tions of the broken bones. tached to the lower side of the lower plate and It will be understood that various features and 70 rotatively mounted on the rod, the lower plate principles of each of the embodiments of the in having holes for bolts; an upper plate supported vention above described or referred to may be uti on the lower plate and having arcuate slots for lized or substituted in the other embodiments. the bolts; means to tighten the plates together by While the invention has been described in de tightening the bolts; a rib extending in'a substan tall with respect to certain particular preferred 75 tially vertical ‘direction from the upper plate in 2,413,053 5 6 a plane of the two side bands and having a hole; a bolt in the hole in the rib; side bands having angular extensions at the lower ends with holes for the rib bolt, the side bands having holes for ening the bolt thereby locking together the side bands and the tongue of the foot plate the posi tion of the foot plate being adjustable simul taneously with the position of the second trac a second traction pin; a foot plate; a tongue ex- 5 tion pin by adjusting the telescopic extensions. tending downwards from the foot plate and hav ing ahole for the rib bolt; and a nut for tightJOHN KOLARIK.