Dec.‘ 24, 1946. G. w. LANGFORD ETAL 2,413,054 > SCRAP METAL BALING PRESS Filed April 25, 1941 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Elm-Wm ~ "7 550R GE WL A NGF‘DE’D, j AMALF'DRD _C‘. EARRQ W5 [E1 .9‘ W I 1366- 24, 1946' G. w. LANGFORD ET AL 2,413,054 SCRAP METAL BALING PRESS 2\ Q, so G4 as 25 33 ‘ 5 .2’: / e2 63 §\ 4 62 ' V gwuwvtow GEORGE.‘ WLANGFUFFD, MALFDHD 1:’. EA RED W5 Dec. 24, 1946. G. w. LANGFORD ET AL 2,413,054 SCRAP METAL BALING PRESS Filed April 25 A , 1941~ 4 Sheets—Sheet 3 EEUHGE WL A /v A NEAL FURL? [I ‘E ARRD W5 f M Dec. 24;, 1946. G. W. LANGFORD ET AL 2,413,054 SCRAP METAL BALING PRESS Filed April 25, 1941 4 Sheets-Sheet '4 A l L. i‘ . \1 mP7 CEURQE WL A NC','F‘DH.D AN MG DE'D CEARRU W5’ Patented Dec. 24,1946 2,413,654 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,413,054 SCRAP METAL BALING PRESS George W; Langfordv and Alford' C. Barrows, Ann Arbor, Mich., assignor5 to Economy Baler Com Dany, Ann Arbor, Mich., a corporation of Michigan Application April 25, 1941, Serial_No.- 390,239 14 Claims. The present invention relates to baling presses and more particularly to horizontal presses for baling sheet metal scrap. Horizontal baling presses of the character de scribed generally comprise a rectangular cham~ (01. 78-05) 2 scribedwith wheeled supporting means where by the cover for the compressing chamber may be moved from a position at one side of the come pressing chamber opening across the opening into cover longitudinally slidable of- the chamber into closing relation therewith, the wheeled support ing meanshaving means for resiliently elevating and out of covering relation with a materialre~ ceiving opening in the chamber, and one or more the leading edge of the cover while the same is being moved across the chamber opening and ber into which scrap to be baled. is thrown, a for subsequently moving the leading edge down platens in the chamber for compressing scrap metal therein. when the cover is in closed posi 10 wardly into compressing relation with material in‘ the compress‘ng chamber. tion. The general arrangement is to provide. two A further object of the invention is to provide‘ platens, one moving longitudinally of the cham ber and a second one moving crosswise of the chamber after the longitudinally moving platen has travelled its complete course. The resulting bale has a width and depth as determined by the a scrap metal baling press or the like with a bale ejector selectively operable upon the return of the compressing chamber cover to its open posi tion. A still'iurther object of the invention is to pro vide. a scrap metal baling press or the like with the chamber to the cover. an ejector for bales formed therein which coin from the foregoing description that the bales thus 20 prises a shelf outlining a portion of the compress ing chamber and on w ‘oh the bale is formed. formed are compressed in the direction of their These and other objects residing in the ar width and depth, but not in the direction of their height. Accordingly, the resulting bales are not as dense as they might be if they were compressed in the direction of their height. According to the present invention,the afore mentioned type of baling press is provided with a cover which as it traverses the opening of the compressing chamber into closing relation there rangement‘, combination and construction of the parts will be apparent from the following speci 25 ?cation when taken with the accompanying drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a section through a baling press‘ at: cordingv to the present invention taken on the line I—I of Fig.2 showing the toggle cover‘ de with, is so supported that it is inclined with its pressing construction in different" positions; leading edge higher'than its trailing edge, thev leading edge being yieldingly elevated so that ing to the present‘ invention, when the cover is in closing relation’ with the opening of the chamber, the leading edge of the Fig: 2 is a plan view of a baling press accord Fig. 3 is a section taken‘ on‘ the line III—III of Fig. 1, showing details omitted from Fig. 1 for the‘p'urpose of clarity. of illustration, cover may be forced downwardly into the cham Fig. 4 is'a section taken on the line IV-IV of ber to swing the cover downwardly to compress Fig. 1, the material therein in a direction of the height Fig. 5 is a‘ section taken on“ the line V-—V‘ of of the bale to be formed. The result of travers Fig. 3, ing the cover across the baling chamber open 40 Fig. 6 is an enlargedview of a portion of the ing while in an inclined position is. that more structure disclosed in Fig. 1 showing details, loose scrap may be disposed in the chamber prior Fig. 7 is a section corresponding to a portion to baling and therefore, with the bene?t of the of Fig. l, disclosing an alternative form of' cover vertical compressing a denser and heavier. bale is produced. Another feature‘ of the present in 45 depressing‘ construction, Fig. 8 is a section corresponding to Fig. 7 show vention is to provide an ejecting structure for ing the‘ parts in another position, ?nished bales. An object of the present invention is to provide Fig; 9 is‘a partial plan‘ view of the structure shown‘in Fig. 7, a scrap metal baling press or the like'with a cover, the leading edge of which is elevated above the Fig.‘ 10-is' a side elevation of apart of 'abaling 50 trailing edge and is subsequently movable into compressing relation with material in the com— press according to the present invention, having attached thereto bale ejecting mechanism, details pressing chamber. of which are omitted from the aforesaid ?gures Another object of the invention is to provide a» scrap metal baling press of the character'de for’th'e sake of clarity of'illustration, Fig‘. 11.is 65; of‘ Fig; 10, a section taken‘ on the line ‘XL-XI 2,413,054 Fig. 12 is a vertical section of a portion of an~ 3. turned over foot 3|, shown particularly in Fig. 5, which is secured directly to the top of the cover other form of the invention, and XIII-XIII of Fig. 13 is a section on the line 6. The other legs 30 of the brackets 28 are se Fig. 12. Referring particularly to Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawings, the reference character I indicates in shown in Figs. 5 and 11 which is in turn secured to the top of the cover 6 and extends thereacross as shown in Fig. 11. The effect of the brackets 28, the rods 25, and the springs 21 is to resiliently cured to the upstanding leg of the angle bar 33. general a frame in which is provided a compress ing chamber 2, having side walls 3, a bottom 4, suspend the cover 6 from the top of the carrier and an end wall 5. The chamber 2 is provided 22. 10 with an open top closable by a cover 6. For the Secured to the top of the carrier 22 are two sake of simplicity of illustration, the side mem pairs of ears 34, and secured directly beneath the bers 3 and the cover 6 have been shown as thick ears 34 to the angle bar 33 are two pairs of cars 35. Pivoted between each pair of ears 34 about pins 36 are toggle bars 3'! and pivoted between each pair of ears 35, about pins 38, are toggle solid members. However, it will be understood that these parts of the construction may be con structed of structural members and sheets or otherwise, if desired. The end of the chamber 2 opposite the end wall 5 is constituted by a platen '|, movable under the action of a piston rod 8 actuated by a piston bars 39. The toggle bars 31 and 39, respectively, are pivotally connected by pins 40. The toggle bars 31 are provided at their inner ends with forks 4|, between which the toggle bars 39 are 9 in a hydraulic cylinder Hi. In one of the side 20 pivoted. walls 3 adjacent the end wall 5 is a second platen ||, shown in Fig. 1, and actuated by a hydraulic cylinder and piston assembly l2, disclosed in Fig. Also pivoted between the forks 4| and to the pins 40 are links 42. The links 42 are also pivoted to the ends of a bar 43, shown in Figs. 1, 3 and 6. Extending through the bar 43 is a piston 2. It will be understood that the platen | I moves rod 50, actuated by a piston 5|, in a hydraulic at right angles to the direction of movement of 25 cylinder 52. The piston rod 50 extends through an opening the platen 1. Supported by the frame I is a reservoir l3 for 53 in one side of the carrier 22 and is guided for hydraulic ?uid and on the top of the reservoir axial, sliding movement in a bearing sleeve 54, l3 is supported a pump M. In front of the secured in the opposite side of the carrier 22. reservoir I3 is an operator’s platform l5. Suit 30 In order to prevent the bar 43 from oscillating able remote controls, not disclosed, are sup about the axis of the piston rod 50, a conven ported adjacent the operator’s platform |5 for tional key and keyway arrangement, not shown, enabling an operator on the platform |5 to con disposed between the rod 50 and the carrier 22 trol the movement of the various operative parts may be employed or some suitable structure may be provided such, for instance, as shown in Fig. 9 of the baling press. The cover 6 is supported at its rear end by and described hereinafter. wheels 20, riding on the top of extensions 2| of Longitudinal movement of the piston rod 50 is the side walls 3. Appropriately supported above transmitted to the bar 43 by a collar 55, con the paths of the wheels 20 are bars l3 which sisting of a pair of nuts fixed to the piston rod serve to prevent the rear end of the cover 6 40 50. The bar 43 is resiliently held against the from lifting during operation. At the front, the collar 55 by a helical spring 56, disposed about cover 6 is resiliently suspended from a carrier the portion of the piston rod 50 between the bar 22, provided with wheels 23, which ride on the 43 and the bearing sleeve 54. Since the toggle top of plates 24, secured to the tops of the side bars 39 are connected through the ears 35 and walls 3 and having the inside edges thereof in the angle bar 33 to the cover 6, the spring 56 vertical alignment with the inside edges ofthe as the result of its collapsing action on the tog walls 3. The plates 24 serve as loading platforms gles will tend to assist the springs 21 in resiliently to facilitate the loading of unwieldy pieces into suspending the cover 6 from the top of the car the compressing chamber 2 and their inner edges rier 22. constitute short vertical extensions to the side 50 The cover 6 is moved from open to closed po walls 3. When the cover 6 is at the extreme sition through the toggles comprising the toggle right position, as viewed in Fig. 1, the opening of bars 31 and 39 by the piston rod 50. The toggles the top of the compressing chamber 2 is com remain collapsed as shown in dotted outline in pletely uncovered. In all positions of the cover Fig. 1 and in Fig. 6, and the forward end of the 6, its rear portion is supported by the wheels 26 cover 6 is relatively above the rear end, as shown in such a manner that it is disposed between the in dotted outline in Fig. 1 for all cover positions side wall extensions 2| and guided thereby. Fur except in ?nal baling position. It will be under thermore, as the cover 6 is traversed across the opening of the chamber 2, it is guided by the side wall extensions 2| or the side walls 3 and is maintained in an inclined position as shown par ticularly by the dotted position of the cover 6 in Fig. 1. The carrier 22 for the cover 6 is in the form of a housing having suspended from the top thereof rods 25. To the lower ends of the rods 25 are connected stops 26. About the rods 25 are stood that as the cover 6 moves either to the right or to the left, as viewed in Fig. 1, a portion of the cover 6 will be disposed either between the extensions 2| of the compressing chamber sides 3 or between the sides 3 so that the cover 6 is guided by the sides 3 or the extensions 2| for straight movement. , The frame I is provided at the left end, as viewed in Fig. 1, with a pair of standards 51, se cured to the plates 24, and tied together with a disposed helical springs 21, resting on the stops bar 58. Connected to the standards 51 are verti 26. Projecting upwardly from the top of the cal stops 59 for limiting the leftward movement cover 6 are a pair of U shaped brackets 28, hav 70 of the carriage 22 under the action of the piston ing openings 29 in the top thereof, through which rod 50, as shown in Fig. 1. Also secured to the the rods 25 project. The helical springs 21 are standards 57 are horizontal stops 60 reinforced arranged on the parts of the rods 25 which are on their upper sides with gusset plates 6|. beneath the openings 23. The U shaped brack In operation, after the compressing chamber 75 ets 23 each have one leg 32 thereof provided with 2,413,054 2 hasbeen ?lled with material to be baled, the carrier 22 ismoved. to theleft by the piston rod 50f, The toggles within the carrier 22 will remain collapsed due not only to the action of the spring movement the compressing chamber 2, the carrier 22 is pro vided at each side thereof with a pair of verti cally. extending spaced bar members 6'2. disposed between the pairs plates 64 as disclosed in Fig. 5 14, secured spectively, are guiding bars 64, which are in turn secured, 3 and 5, to the U shaped brackets 28. The guid ing bars 63 and pairs of bars 62 also constitute a driving connection between the carrier 22 and the cover 6 to work with the toggles in transfer ring, pushing 0r pulling action from the carrier 22- to the cover 6_ When the carrier 22 20 moved to the left in closing direction by the ispiston rod 56, the car rier 22 at the end of its path of movement abuts against the vertical stops 53 and stops under the horizontal stops 63. At this position the cover 25~ 6. is in full‘ closing relation with the- compressing chamber 2; ' the result of carrier 22 abutting against the stops 59, continued movement on the piston rod 50 to ton rod 513. Each pin 83 is slidably' disposed the left will cause the toggles comprised by the 30 through an opening 84in the carrier 13 and is toggle bars 3'!’ and 39 to straighten out as shown provided with a head 85, which is secured vto the I beam 82. in full lines in Fig. 1. Since the carrier 22 is At each end of camming members the I beam 82 are secured 35 as viewed in Figs. '7 and 8, posite sides, standards 90, each of which has pivoted thereto, about a pin 9|, a swinging arm 40 '92. Each arm 92 has a ' ' is connected center positions. The of the toggle bars 37 and 39 should be so arranged that when in straight or dead center position the cover 6 will no longer be in clined as it was when the toggles were collapsed, but will be parallel to the bottom e of the com camming surfaces 87; The portion of the piston rod Sil'within the car~ rier 13 has disposed'thereabout ' ‘ pressing chamber 2. The cover is held in this Under normal‘ conditions the expansion of: position while the platen ‘i is moved to the left the helical spring,‘ which abuts against the collar into alignment with the nearest edge of the plat 19 and the guiding sleeve 80, tends to resiliently en H, and then the platen H is moved laterally 55 maintain the relation between the carrier 73 and across the compressing chamber 2 to complete the formation of the bale. Since the baling press,,according to the present invention, is de signed for baling sheet metal scrap, it is not nec essary to provide any arrangement for tying the compressed material together as the parts of the baled material will interlock with one and an other or" their own accord. However, should it be desired to employ the baling press according to the present invention, for baling some other material, it‘ will be apparent to those skilled in the art that conventional changes may be made in the structure to permit the tying of the bale while under compression. In Figs. 7, S and 9 is shown an alternative form of. construction for moving the front end of the cover to dovmwardly into compressing relation withthernaterial in the compressing chamber 2. end wall 98 of the chamber 2, since the cover always has a portion thereof Within the chamber 2. However, due to the yielding of the spring I00, the piston rod 55 continues to move to the left, compressing the spring I50, as illustrated in Fig‘. 8. This move ment projects forwardly the I beam 82 and with it the camming. surfaces 87 to bring the camming surfaces 8? into contact with the laterally project ing pins 93 of the arms'92. As the piston rod Ell continues to move to the left, the arms 92 are Exceptfor the carrier '73 and its associated struc~ 75 camrnedidownwardly, and as they are cammed ‘ downwardly, therollers ‘91' are forced’intov cone 2,413,054 tact with bench I02, built up on and extending across the upper surface of the cover 3 to force the cover Gdownwardly into parallel relation with the bottom of the chamber 2. The forward move ment of the camming surfaces 81, and thus of the I beam 82 and the piston rod 59 is limited by a collar I03 disposed loosely about the spring I00. The length of the collar I03 is designed so that when it simultaneously abuts against the col lar ‘I9 and the guiding sleeve 80, as shown in Fig. 8, the arms 92 will be in vertical or dead center position with respect to the cover 6. As the pins 98 move down the camming surfaces 81, they will move into the hooks 88 so that when in the position disclosed in Fig. 8, with the cover within the compressing chamber 2 before the material to be baled is loaded therein. It will be understood that the ejector structure is not dis closed in relation to any of Figs. 1 through 9 for the purpose of simplifying those disclosures. As shown in Figs. 10 and 11, the ejecting member II 0 has a width equal to that of the ?nished bale I3I and a depth as measured by the length of the foot I I I, which is slightly less than the depth of the ?nished bale I3I. When the compressing chamber 2 is ?lled with material to be baled, the bale is formed in the manner hereinabove de scribed. The position of the ejecting member I I0 is such that the bale I3 I' is formed thereon. The recess H2, in which the foot portion III of the ejecting member H0 is disposed, is provided to prevent scrap metal being baled from forcing its 6 fully depressed, the pins 99 rest within the way beneath the foot member III. hooks 88. The purpose of the hooks 8B is to withdraw the arms 92 from dead center position upon initial rearward movement of the piston rod 50 carrying with it the camming surfaces 81. When the bale I3I has been formed on the ejecting member H0, and the platens ‘I and H, 20 shown in Fig. l, withdrawn, the cover 8 is re moved from over the compressing chamber 2 by moving the carrier 22 to the right, as viewed in Fig. 10, under the action of the piston rod 50. hereinabove described, the springs I00 will expand as the collar 19 moves rearwardly until it abuts 25 Previously to this stage of the operation, but fol lowing the closing of the cover 6, the handle I21 against the rear wall of the carrier 13. The action is swung downwardly, as viewed in Fig. 11, to of the collar 19 against the rear wall of the car move the latch I25 to position the slot I28 over rier 13 will result in opening the cover 3, the force the rod I I9. As the carrier 22 moves to the right being transmitted through the carrier ‘53, the for ward bars 62 and the guiding bars I53. ‘When the 30 opening the cover 6, it carries the latch I25 which engages with the ball I30 to draw the rod H9 to camming surfaces 81 have withdrawn from con the right. The rod H9 draws on the ?exible cable tact with the pins 98, the springs 90 will yieldingly II‘I to rotate the drum H4 and in this manner urge the tail pieces 93 of the arms 02 against the swing the attached ejecting member I I0 together stops 95 to hold the arms 92 in position for the with the bale I3I thereon, to the position shown next closing action of the cover 5. in dotted outline in Fig. 10. As the foot portion A feature of the invention which may be em III of the ejecting member H0 swings from the ployed with e1 her of the forms heretofore dis recess H2 within which it is disposed, its outer closed consists of a bale ejector, disclosed in Figs. Upon rearward movement of the piston rod 50, after the bale has been formed in the manner r end follows the curved side I32 of the recess H2. 10 and 11. For the purpose of illustration, the ejector is shown in association with the baling 40 The curved side I32 is provided to reduce the part of the recess H2 not occupied by the foot press disclosed in Figs. 1 through 6. The ejector portion I II to a minimum while at the same time consists of an L shaped member H0, having a providing clearance to permit the swinging out foot portion III, disposed in a recess H2, in the of the foot portion III. When the ejecting bottom floor of the compressing chamber 2. The member H0 reaches its uppermost position, the member I I0 also has a vertical leg I I3, which when inclination of the leg H3 thereof is su?icient within the baling chamber 2 rests against the to permit the bale I3I to slide downwardly end wall 5 of the compressing chamber 2.. ‘ The therefrom under the action of gravity. The upper end of the leg H3 is secured rigidly to a ejecting member H0 may then be returned to drum H4, pivoted in the frame I about a shaft its position within the compressing chamber H5. On one end of the drum I I4, which projects 2, either by moving the carrier to the left to per over one side of the press structure is secured a mit the weight of the ejector member H0 to sheave I I6. The sheave I I6 has secured to its pe lower itself into the chamber 2, at the same time riphery one end of a short piece of ?exible cable drawing the rod I I9 through the cable II'I to the H‘! by a suitable securing pin H8. The cable left, or by raising the handle I21 to remove the H'I passes part way around the sheave H5 and latch I25 from behind the ball I30 to permit the the other end thereof is fastened to a rod H9 by a ball I30 to move to the left through the opening a connector I20. The rod I I9 is slidably support I23 in the bracket I22 so that the ejector I I0 may ed in guides I2I, secured to the side of the press structure. overhanging the same side of the press struc ture as that on which the rod I I9 is mounted is a bracket I22, which is secured to the carrier 22. The bracket I22 is provided with an enlarged opening I23 through which the rod H9 extends and has pivoted thereto about a pin I24 a latch gravitate into the compressing chamber I02 in position for a new cycle of operation. Another form of the invention is disclosed in Figs. 12 and 13. In this form the swinging arms I39 for forcing the cover 6 downwardly into compressing relation with the material in the compressing chamber 2, after the cover 6 has been moved laterally to closing relation with the chamber 2, are pivoted from the cover 6 carrier I40 rather than from a part of the baling press frame MI. The carrier I40 is similar to the car rier 22 disclosed in Fig. 1 and the cover I3 is sus I25, which is in the form of a plate, having a slot I26, having a width of substantially the diameter of the rod H9. The latch I25 is pro vided with an actuating handle I21. For opera tive relation with the latch I25, the rod H9 is 70 pended therefrom by structure identical with the provided with a ball I30 ?xed thereto. The ball suspending structure disclosed in Fig. 3. The sus I30 is of such a size that it will pass through the pending structure consists of a pair of rods 25 opening I23 in the bracket I22, but will not secured to the top of the carriage I40, each rod pass through the slot I29 in the latch I25. In operating the ejector according to the pres 75 projecting through the top of the U-shaped ent invention the ejector member IIII'ls disposed 2,413,054 bracket 28, having one leg thereof supported from the ‘top of the cover "6 and the other ‘leg thereof supported from ' platens ‘I and II disclosed in Fig. l are actuated in the chamber 2. spring 21, the springs 21' carrying the weight of When‘the material in the chamber 2 has been the cover 6. compressed into aha-1e, the rod I42 is moved rear wardly. The initial movement of the rod I42 re The carriage I40 is reciprocated by apiston'ro'd I42 corresponding to the ‘piston rod ‘50 disclosed 10 leases the compression in the spring I43 and at the same time through a bracket E59 extend in Fig. i. The driving connection between the 26 and the top of the associated bracket 25 is a carriage I40 and the cover I3 ‘is the same ‘as the ing forwardly from the‘bracket I53 engages with driving connection between the carriage .22 and the forward sides of the arms I39 ‘to swing the arms I33 rearwardly to permit 'thecover 3 to-be the cover 6 as disclosed in Figs. 3 and 5, and more particularly consists of a pair of spaced bar mem bers 62 secured to each side ‘of the carriage I40 between each pair of which is vertically disposed a guiding member 63 secured‘to a plate 64. Each plate 64 is secured to the outside of the lower portion of one of the U-shaped brackets 23. The carriage I40 is driven from the rod I42 elevated by the springs 21. Continued rearward movement on the rod I32 brings the collar '84"! thereon into engagement with the rear wall of the carriage I430 to move the carriage I40 and with it the cover 6 rearwardly to ‘open theicham ber 2. through a spring I43 disposed about the left-end While we have described one .form of the ‘in vention where arms are pivoted to the cover 6 of ‘the rod I42 as viewed in Fig. 12. A collar I44 secured to the rod I42 bearsagainst one end of carriage, it will be understood ‘that other forms employing aims pivoted to the "carriage may the the spring I43. The other end of the spring I43 bears against an annular plate I45 disposed .on the forward end of the carriage I 40. The outer end of the piston rod I42 is guided in openings I46 in the carriage I40. As ‘the piston rod I42 is moved to the left, the cover 6 is resiliently moved in a closing direction, the force exerted by the piston rod I 42 being transmitted to the spring I43 to the carriage I40, and from the carriage I40 through the bar members 62 to the guiding'mem bers 63. Return movement of the cover 6 is ac complished by reversing the direction of move used. Also, while the foregoing speci?cation has described a press for :baling as such, it will ‘be understood that the invention ‘may be'employed for other forms of compressing and ‘molding'op erations, and accordingly, we do not wish to be limited except by the scope of the following claims. We claim: 1. A press of the character described compris ing a compressing chamber, ‘said chamber ‘hav ing a material receiving opening at one side thereof, a rigid cover for said opening, ‘means to support said cover at one side ‘of said-opening and in general alignment therewith, means to carriage I40. traverse said cover across said openinginto closed Each arm I39 is pivoted between ears I48, the 40 relation with the same, said ?rst means support ing said cover while ‘being traversed across said ears I48 being provided with vertical slots I49; opening in inclined relation to saidscha‘mber with Pins I50 ?xed to the arms I39 extend through its forward part disposed relatively outwardly of the slots I49. Each arm extends through the said chamber from its rear part, Tmeans to move top of the carriage through a slot I5I between said forward part of said cover relatively inward the ears I138. The arms I39 are rocked about ly of said chamber into alignment, relatively to their ‘pins I50 by rollers I52 supported by a said chamber, with said rear part of said cover bracket I53 secured to the rod I 42, the rollers when said ,cover is in closed relation to said cham I52 bearing against a plate vI54 bridging the arms ber, platen means in said chamber, and means I39. The tension of the spring I43 is sufficiently to move said platen means to compress material great to permit the closing of the cover 6 until in said chamber‘. it abuts against the forward‘end wall 39 on the chamber 2. When the cover 6 meets the resist-. 2. A press of the character ‘described compris ing a frame, a compressing chamber in said ance of the end wall 99, the spring I43 isv com frame, said chamber ‘having a material receiving pressed permitting the bracket I53 to move for wardly under the action of the rod I42 tomove ' opening at one side thereof, a rigid cover for said opening, said chamber having a side opposite said the rollers I 52 into engagement with the bar ‘I54, opening and in a general plane, means for sup to pivot the arms I39 about their ‘pivots I53. porting said cover from said frame for movement As the rod I42 moves forwardly the rollers from a position at one side vof said opening and I52 swing the arms I39 about their pivots I58 in general alignment therewith across said open until the arms I39 are in a vertical position. The ing to close the same, said supporting means hav arms I39 are stopped in a vertical position ‘by ing means for supporting said forward part of stops I55 secured to the front wall of the car said cover, while being moved across said open riage I40 in the path of movement of the respec ment of the rod I42 to bring a collar I47 on the rod I42 in engagement with the rear side of the tive arms I39. As the arms 539 are swung about their pivots I50, rollers I56 on the upper ends thereof move rearwardly along horizontal stops I 51 secured to parts of the frame I. As the stops I51 are ?xed, the lower ends of the arms I39 swing downwardly as, well as forwardly, the slots I49 permitting downward ‘movement of the pivots 70 I50. The lower ends of the arms I39 are pro~ vided with rollers I 58 which bear against the top of the cover 5.21s the arms I35swing‘downwardly and forwardly to cam the cover ‘6 downwardly, compressing the material in the chamber 2 to be 75 ing, further outwardly from the plane of the side of said chamber opposite said opening, than said rear part thereof, means to move said cover across said opening into closed relation therewith, means to move said cover, when in closed rela tion to said chamber, into substantially parallel relation with said plane, platen means in said chamber, and means to move said ‘platen means to compress material in said chamber. 3. A press of the character described compris ing a compressing chamber, said chamber hav ing a material receiving opening at one side thereof, ‘a rigid cover for said opening, means 2,413,054 12 resisting means, platen means in said chamber, and means to move said platen means to com to support said cover at one side of said open ing, means to traverse said cover across said press material in said chamber. '7. A press of the character described compris opening into closed relation with the same, said ing a compressing chamber, said chamber having ?rst means supporting said cover, while being a material receiving opening at one side thereof, traversed across said opening, in inclined rela a rigid cover for said opening, means to support tion to said chamber, with its forward part dis posed relatively outwardly of said chamber from said cover at one side of said opening, means to its rear part, means to move said cover relatively traverse said cover across said opening into closed relation with the same, said ?rst means sup inwardly of said chamber when said cover is in 10 porting said cover, while being traversed across closed relation with said chamber, platen means said opening, in inclined relation with said cham in said chamber, and means to move said platen ber, with its forward part disposed relatively means to compress material in said chamber. 4. A press of the character described compris outwardly of said chamber from its rear part, ing a compressing chamber, said chamber having means to stop the closing movement of said cover a material receiving opening at one side thereof, when it reaches closed relation with said cham a rigid cover for said opening, means to support ber, means operative upon continued operation said cover at one side of said opening, means to traverse said cover across said opening into closed relation with the same, said ?rst means support ing said cover, while being traversed across said H opening, in inclined relation to said chamber, with its forward part disposed relatively out wardly of said chamber from its rear part, means over said cover when it is in closed relation with said chamber for bearing on the top of said cover to move it relatively inwardly of said chamber when in closed relation therewith, platen means in said chamber, and means to move said platen means to compress material in said chamber. 5. A press of the character described compris ing a frame, a compressing chamber in said frame, said chamber having a material receiving opening at one side thereof, a rigid cover for said opening, means to support said cover at one side of said opening, means to traverse said cover across said opening into closed relation with the same, said ?rst means supporting said cover, while being traversed across said opening, in inclined relation to said chamber, with its of said cover traversing means after said cover has stopped moving to swing said forward part of said cover inwardly of said chamber into alignment relatively to said chamber with said rear part of said cover, platen means in said chamber, and means to move said platen means to compress material in said chamber. 8. A press of the character described compris ing a compressing chamber, said chamber hav ing a material receiving opening at one side thereof, a rigid cover for said opening, means to support said cover at one side of said opening, means to traverse said cover across said opening into closed relation with the same, said ?rst means supporting said cover, while being trav ersed across said opening, in inclined relation to said chamber, with its forward part disposed relatively outwardly of said chamber from its rear part, swinging arm means over said cover when it is in closed relation with said chamber for bearing on the top of said cover to move it relatively inwardly of said chamber when in closed relation therewith, means for actuating forward part disposed relatively outwardly of said 40 said swinging arm means when said cover is in chamber from its rear part, said frame having thrust resisting means adjacent the end of said chamber toward which said cover moves on clos ing, means over said cover when in closed posi closed relation with said chamber, platen means in said chamber, and means to move said platen means to compress material in said chamber. 9. A press of the character described compris ing a compressing chamber, said chamber hav tion to exert a force on the top of said cover to ing a material receiving opening at one side move the same relatively inwardly of said cham— thereof, a rigid cover for said opening, means ber, means providing a thrust resisting connec to support said cover at one side of said opening. tion between said thrust resisting means and said means to traverse said cover across said opening cover moving meanslto back up said cover mov ing means when moving said cover relatively in 50 into closed‘v relation with the same, said ?rst means supporting said cover, while being trav wardly of said chamber, platen means in said ersed across said opening, in inclined relation to chamber, and means to move said platen means said chamber, with its forward part disposed to compress material in said chamber. relatively outwardly of said chamber from its 6. A press of the character described compris rear part, means to stop the closing movement ing a frame, a compressing chamber in said frame, said chamber having. a material receiving of said cover when it reaches closed relation opening at one side thereof, a rigid cover for said with said chamber, swinging arm means opera opening, means to support said cover at one side tive upon continued operation of said cover trav of said opening, means to traverse said cover ersing means, after said cover has stopped mov across said opening into closed relation with the 60 ing, to swing said forward part of said cover same, said ?rst means supporting said cover, inwardly of said chamber into alignment rela while being traversed across said opening, in in tively to said chamber with said rear part of said clined relation to said chamber, with its forward cover, means for providing an operative connec part disposed relatively outwardly of said cham tion between said swinging arm means and said ber from its rear part, said frame having thrust cover traversing means, platen means in said resisting means adjacent the end of said chamber chamber, and means to move said platen means toward which said cover moves on closing, swing to compress material in said chamber. ing arm means having a thrust resisting con nection with said thrust resisting means when said cover is in closed relation with said cham ber, means to actuate said swinging arm means to move said cover inwardly of said chamber when said cover is in closed relation with said chamber, the cover moving force exerted by said swinging arm means being resisted by said thrust 75 10. A press of the character described compris ing a frame, a compressing chamber in said frame, said chamber having a material receiving open ing at one side thereof, a rigid cover for said‘ opening, means to support said cover at one side of said opening, means to traverse said cover across said opening into closed relation with the 2,413,054 Same, Said ?rst means Supporting said cover, while being traversed across said opening, in in- said chamber, means associated with said car~ riage moving means to move said forward end of clined relation to said chamber, with its forward said cover relatively inwardly of said chamber gaging said swinging arm means as said cover 10 said frame, said chamber having a material re reaches its closed position to swing said swinging ceiving opening at one side thereof, a rigid cover arm means into engagement with said cover, to for said opening, a carriage adjacent the forward cam said forward part of said cover relatively inend of said cover, means for resiliently suspend to said chamber with said rear part of said cover, 15 carriage, means to traverse said coveriacross said chamber. ' cover for producing relative movement in cover 11. A press of the character described comprisvopening and closing directions between said car ing a frame, a compressing chamber in said frame, 20 riage and said cover, said preloading means upon said chamber having a material receiving openpredetermined resistance to movement producing end of said toggle mechanism being connected to 30 iI_101l1di11g toggle mechanism Within said car chamber, abutment means on said frame for stop- 40 upon Continued motion of said cover traversing ‘ closed relation with said chamber, abutment straighten the same to urge said forward part of means on said frame‘ operative to prevent out- said cover inwardly of said chamber, means to said chamber when said cover is in closed relation 45 in said chamber, and meansio move said platen platen means in said chamber, and means to move 50 0f, a Sliding rigid cover for Said Opening, anti said frame, said chamber having a material re- 55 Closing Said material opening, a carriage slidable riage, means resiliently connected to said carriage 60 part of said cover elevated above the material re ing relative movement in cover opening and 0105- 65 relative to said carriage in a direction of said cover toward and away from said opening, said 70 for thereafter forcing said cover in its vertical said cover whereby during traversing movement GEORGE W. LANGFORD. of said cover the same is in inclined relation to 75 ALF'ORD C. BARROWS.