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Dec. 24, 1946.
c. 'K. STEINS v
‘Filed Oct. 9, .1944
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@arleton K. Steins, Mei-ion, Pa, asalg'nor to The
Pennsylvania Railroad Company, Philadelphia,
;Pa, a corporation of’ Pennsylvania
Application October 9,1944, Serial No. 557,814
(GE. 165-73)
This invention relates to locomotives. More
speci?cally it has reference to steam locomotives
of the type described in U. S. Patent No. 2,338,212,
granted to me on January 4, 1944, characterized
in the body of the tender is a tank as for boiler
In‘ order to make possible transfer of water
by having. a main section with a boiler in its rear
from the front end of the main section it of the
locomotive to the tender 23, or vice versa, 1 have,
in accordance with my invention, provided a con
duit system comprising two separate pipe lines
end, and independently-swivelied multl-wheel
trucks respectively beneath the .boiler and
beneath the front end; and a water-carrying
- feed water. Space may also be set apart in the
tender 23 for fuel storage, if desired.
end, fuel and water storagespaces in its front
trailer section or tender coupled to said main sec
2? and it. As shown, these pipe lines 2?? and 2t r‘
10 extend along the main section it of the locomo- _
tive between the tank 22 in said main section
and the tank 24 in the tender 2%, the terminals
at 27c and 28a being ?exible. ‘interposed in the
pipe line 21 is‘ a displacing means in the form of
an ejector 29 (Fig. 1) which may be steam op-l
erated, and which ‘when actuated, serves to trans
In connection with locomotives of the kind par
ticularly referred to, I aim to provide the trans
fer of water from the tender to the storage space
in the front end of the main section to compen
sate for the decrease in weight as the fuel is used
up, orv from said front end storage space to the
fer. water from the forward tank H to the rear _
tender when the fuel supply is replenished, so that
tank 26. Similarly disposed in the pipe 28 is a
the load may be evenly appropriated between the
two separately powered trucks and'the tractive 20 displacing pump ‘30 (Fig. 2) for transferring wa
ter from the tender tank 26 to the tank 2i at the
effect of the drivers of said trucks kept uniform.
front of a locomotive. Thus ballast water
a may _‘
One way in which the foregoing and other ob
be transferred from the tenderlto the front‘ end
jects and advantages may be readily realized‘ in
of the main section \II of-the locomotive or con
practice will appear from the following detailed
versely to compensate for changes in the fuel
description of the attached drawing, wherein
Figs. 1 and 2, taken together show the complete
supply as it is used up or as it is replenished, so
that the load weight is equally distributed be
elevation of one side of a steam locomotive con- _
tween the two powered truck's I! of the main sec- .
veniently embodying the present improvement.
With more speci?c reference to the drawing, it
willbe seen‘ that the illustrated locomotive has a 30
main section l0, whereof the body ll is sup
ported atthe front andrear ends by two counter
driver '
tion 10 and the tractive effect of the several
drivers of these trucks, maintained uniform to the
advantage of precluding slippage, particularly at
starting of the‘ locomotive. Ordinarily I provide
manual means (not shown) in the medially-lo
trucks I2. I Each of these trucks is powered
' cated crew vcab 3| of the locomotive for control-
through a line shaft and gear mechanism shown
in dotted lines and generally indicated by the nu
meral It, by a steam turbine I! supported on the
frame I5 of the truck, said frame having a swivel
substituted for automatically controlling transfer
a connection at It with the
body I I. Associated
with each powered truck I! is a smaller four
, wheeled pilot truck I'l whereof frame i8 is‘ swivel
~ly connected in turn at I! to the forwardend of
vthe frame iii of said driver truck. With'this ar
, .
ling the operation of the ejector '21 and the pump
30. However, if‘ desired, suitable means may be
of the water‘ as required for maintenance of equal
weight distribution on the two - two powered
trucks l2.
40 »
_ e, by the way of exe'mpli?cation, 'I‘ have
shown and speci?cally described my invention as
incorporated in a locomotive having s?para'te
trailer or tender, it is to be understood that, with-(1‘ '
rangement it is possible for the main section. In
of the locomotive to traverse ‘track curves of 45 in scope of the appended claims, it may be as'
readily adapted to other types of locomotives,
standard radii notwithstanding theigreat length
of its body H. Longitudinally arranged in the 1 for example, single section locomotives in which
the boiler is ‘arranged between fore and aft stor
‘body of the main section it of the locomotive
_ age spaces respectively forfuel and for water,
is a boiler 20 whichv is ?red from its‘front end.
Forward of theboiler infthe body II. is a com 50 and in which the body is‘ supported at opposite
ends by separately powered and independently
partment for coal or oil, and a tank 2| for stor
swivelied trucks in generally the same manner as
age of water. Coupled to the main section II of
herein shown. It will also be apparent that my
the locomotive is a trailer section or tender 23,
invention may beutilized to advantage in still
- the body 24 of which is supported by two inde-.
other types offlocomotives for maintenance of
_ dently'swlveliedsix-wheeled trucks 25. vWith/ 55 equal
weight distribution on the drivers.
Having thus described my invention, 1 claim:
A locomotive
having a rigidtrucks,
frame supported
by1. two
a boiler
mounted on the frame over one of the trucks and
constituting a definite unvarying load thereon.
and compartments for carrying fuel and ballast
the water compartment on the locomotive with
\ water storage
g reservoir in the tender, and
means constructed and arranged‘ to effect the
transferwater from the tender to the locomotive
5 and vice verse by way of the piping to compen
water mounted on the frame over the other truck;
in combination with a coupled tender provided _
with a .vater storage reservoir, and means whereby water can be transferred from the tender tank 10
to the locomotive tank and vice verse. to compensate for weight loss or increase due to fuel
consumption or replenishment in order that a_
definite constant load may be maintained on said
other truck.
2. Alocomotive having a rigid frame supported
by two individually-powered trucks. a boiler I
sate for weight decrease or increase due to fuel
consumption or replenishment, thereby to main-'
tain a de?nite constant load on said other truck.
3. The invention de?ned in claim 2. wherein
the boiler is mounted on the rear end of the loco
motive frame and the fuel and water compart
ment on the front end; and wherein the tender
trails the locomotive.
4. The invention defined in claim 2, wherein
the piping includes two conduits; and wherein
the transfer means includes a displacing device
mounted on the frame over one of the trucks and
for transferring water from the locomotive to the
tender through one of the conduits, and a dis
constituting a de?nite unvarying load thereon,
placing device for transferring water from the‘
and compartments for“ carrying fuel and ballast ’ 20 tender to the locomotive through the other con
water mounted on the frame over the other truck;
. in combination with a coupled tender provided
with a water storage reservoir; piping connecting
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