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Patented Dec. 24,n 1946
2,413,234
UNITED STATES»A PATENT, OFFICE
2,413,234
aE'rRAoTILE FOUNTAIN PEN
Orvel M. Johnson, Little Rock, Ark.
Application November 18, 1944, Serial No. 564,065
1 Claim. (Cl. 1Z0-49)
1
This invention relates to fountain pens and it
consists in the constructions, arrangements and
combinations herein described and claimed.
More particularly, it is an object of the inven
tion to provide a fountain pen wherein-the pen -
to fit -flush with the opening I6; and upon the
inner face of the cap a raised part 22 is formed
of dimensions so as to engage within the opening
I6. In order that the cap 2U may be held in
releasable closed position, a leaf spring 23 is ñxed
to the cap and extended rearwardly a distance
whereit terminates Yin a recurved nib 24 which
has bearing contact with the housing I0. As
here shown, the spring 23 has a portion 23’ em
proper is normally housed in a casing, but pro
jectable to expose the pen point for writing pur
poses, the pen proper including a catch means for
holding the latter in exposed position, as well as
including means for retracting the pen upon re 10 bedded in the body of the cap. The spring is
outwardly bowed as may be seen in Figure 1,
lease of the catch.
exerting pressure upon the cap to maintain the
It is also an object of the invention to provide
latter in yieldable closed position. The spring
a closure for the open end of the housing adapted
to be moved to openposition upon projection of
also functions as a pocket clip, as will be appre
the pen proper without liability of contact with 15 -ciated.
Within the housing I 0 a pen 25 is reciprocably
the pen point.
`
mounted, consisting of a cylindrical pen base 26
Additional objects, advantages and features of
invention will be apparent from the following de
upon the forward end of which there is mounted
scription and accompanying drawing wherein
a pen 2l. Upon the lower side of the base 26 a
Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of the ~
pen, in closed position.
Figure 2' is an elevational View illustrating the
pen in operative position.
Figure 3 is a cross section on the line 3--3 of
Figure 1.
Figure 4 is a side elevation of the closure cap.
longitudinally extended tongue 28 is formed, com
plemental to a similarly extended groove 29
formed in the lower portion of the housing I6.
The tongue and groove prevent rotation of the
pen and insure a straight forward movement
when the pen is to be projected. As may be seen
in Figure 6, the tongue 28 extends beyond the
forward end of the base 26 a distance so as to con
Fig. 5 is a plan view thereof.
tact the raised part 22 in advance of the pen
Figure 6 is a side elevation of the base for
point 2l.
mounting of the pen.
Figure 7 is a plan view of the pen removed 80 The base 26 is formed with an exteriorly
from the housing.
threaded part 39 and reduced terminal end 3|,
receiving thereon a collapsible ink sack 32. A
Figure 8 is an end elevation of the pen housing
barrel, 33 is employed, having a closed rear end
with the closure cap removed, taken on the line
8_8 of Figure 1.
34 and an interiorly threaded forward end 35
'I'here is illustrated a housing ID substantially 35 adapted to engage the threaded portion 30 of
cylindrical for the major portion of its length, the
the base, the barrel being of a length to readily
rear end being open and exteriorly threaded as
accommodate the sack 32 therewithin. The bar
at II. A cylindrical -cap I2 is employed interiorly
rel 33 is formed with an elongated opening 35
threaded and complemental to the threads il
and within the barrel there is secured a ñat
of the barrel. The cap I2 is formed with an end 40 spring 3l which is disposed before the opening
opening I3' deñned by an inwardly turned flange
I4. The forward end of the housing I 0 at the
upper side is downwardly curved as at I 5, a slight
so that it may be readily flexed for the purpose
of compressing the ink sack, as will be required
in filling the pen.
A collar 38 is fixed upon the barrel 33 by
distance, the opening I6 being defined by form
ing the walls of the housing at a rearward in 45 means of a rivet 39 which also secures catch
clination, as indicated at I'I. The underside of
device 40. The collar 38 'is so located upon the
the housing IIJ at the opening I6 is formed with
barrel that when the pen 25 is in retracted posi
a flat portion I8, extending longitudinally of
tion the collar will abut the flange I4 of the
housing.
the housing a short distance, and upon each side
of said portion, ears i3 are formed, as may be 50
A helical spring 4I is mounted upon the bar
clearly seen in Figure 8. The ears are of elon
rel 33 one end having bearing engagement with
gated form, merging rearwardly into the wall of
the collar 33 while the other end engages the
the housing III. A closure cap 20 is mounted
terminal rear end of the housing I3. The spring
swingably between the ears I9 upon a pintle ZI,
urges the pen to its retracted position as may
the over-all dimensions thereof being such as 55 be seen in Figure 1.
2,413,234
'4
The catch device 40 is a ilat spring element,
will thus be held in operative position for writ
the rear end of which is formed with a» notch
ing. When it is desired to retract the pen, the
’52 adapted to engage beneath the iiange I4`when
the pen is moved to operative position. In order
to permit the necessary flexing movement of
catch 40 is depressed to release the ñange, when
the spring 4I functions to retract the pen into
the housing, and at the same time, the spring
the spring, a recess or opening 42 is formed in
the barrel 33 which Will permit the catch to
23 urges closure 20 to closed position.
While I have shown and described the inven
spring downwardly thereinto.
tion speciñcally, this is by way of illustration
only, and I consider as my own all such modi
When it is desired to ñll the pen, the cap
l2 is removed and the pen may then be drawn 10 ñcations in construction as fairly fall within
rearwardly from the housing. The point 21 of
the scope of the appended claim.
I claim:
the pen is deposited in an ink well or the like,
A fountain pen comprising a housing having
and the sack 32 compressed by exerting pres-r
an open end, a pair of ears on the housing at
sure on the spring 31. Upon release of the
one side of the open end, a closure cap hingedly
spring, the sack will expand and ink will- be
drawn into the sack. The pen is now- replaced
mounted between the ears, a pen within the
housing having an end projected through the
in the housing, care being taken to see that the i
tongue 28 engages within the groove 29. The
open end of the housing, spring means within
cap l2 is then engaged upon the housing.` When
the’l housing operativelyengaged between the pen
it is desired to use the pen, inward pressure is 20 and the housing, for ‘holding the pen within
exerted upon the end 34 of the pen, causing the
the housing, said closure cap >having a raised
latter to move longitudinally of the barrel, pre
interior face, a tongue on said pen for engaging
senting the forward end of the tongue 28 against
the raised'face of the closure cap in advance of
the raised part 22 of the closure cap. It‘will be
the point of said pen upon outward sliding move
noted that the tongue 28 engages the part 22 25 ment of said pen, and a leaf spring having one
in advance of the pen point 2l', so that damage
to the latter is avoided. 'I'he'closure 20 will be
swung to open position with the pen point ex
end mounted in said closure cap for holding the
closure cap releasable over the open end, the
other end of the spring being recurved and nor
posed. In this position'the catch 40 will have
become engaged with the ñange I4 and the pen
mally contacting the housing.
ORVEL M. JOHNSON.
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