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E. BERG
EAR MUFF
Filed March 31, 1945
2,413,283
Patented Dec. 31, 1946
2,413,283'
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,413,283
EAR MUFF
Elaine Berg, Chicago, Ill.
Application March 31, 1945, Serial No. 585,909
5 Claims.
(Cl. 2-209)
1
2
The present invention relates to ear muffs in-' ' lmaterial having insufficient stiffness, a stiffener
having the shape of half of the pattern of Fig. 4
tended to protect the ears of the wearer from
cold weather.
One of the objects of the invention is the pro
may be inserted between the portions of the edge
wall -93 to stiñen this part of the muif. It is also
possible to insert a similar stiffener between the
two parts of the side wall |09 as shown in Fig.
2 to stiíen this part of the muff, but stiffeners
are not necessary when native lambs’ wool is em
ployed as shown in Fig. 2.
Each of the ear muffs 90 and 9| consists of
side of the head so as to exclude cold air and 10
two wall portions, the side wall |00 and the edge
to protect the ear against cold under practically
wall 93. The side wall |00 is partially circular
any conditions that may be encountered.
in shape having the approximately straight for
Another object of the invention is the provi
ward edge |0| and the curved other edge |02.
sion of improved ear muifs which are simple and
economical to manufacture, which require a min 15 The curved portion extends substantially beyond
half of a circle and as a matter of fact the pat
imum amount of material, and which protect not
tern of the side wall |00 is substantially oval with
only the cartilaginous structure of the ear but
a dat side as shown in Fig. 3 where two portions
also the lobes thereof.
vision of an improved ear muff which is adapted
readily and easily to `be put on.
Another object of the invention is the provi
sion of an improved ear muff which is adapted
to cover the whole ear and fit snugly against the
of the side wall integrally joined together are
Other objects, features and advantages of my
invention will appear from the following descrip 20 shown in pattern. These portions are folded
along the line which corresponds to the front edge
tion wherein reference is made to the accompany
wall | 0| and they are provided wtih apertures
ing single sheet of drawings in which:
95, 96 which register with each other and are
Fig. l is a View in perspective of a pair of ear
located to receive the tension member 92.
muffs of the present invention;
The edge wall 93 is also made of a single piece
Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional View showing 25
of fabric the pattern for which is shown in Fig.
how one of the muffs engages and cooperates
with an ear of the wearer;
4.
In this case the pattern is formed with a pair
of ‘boundaries |03, |04 having similar curvature
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the pattern (reduced
and curved on a relatively larger circle so that
in size) for one of the two pieces of fabric of
30 these boundaries join at the points |05, |00 and
which such ear muff is made; and
form the pattern shown. The length of each
Fig. 4 is a plan view of a pattern (similarly re
boundary |03, |04 corresponds'in length to the
duced in size) for the other piece of fabric uti
length of a curved edge |02 from the point where
lized in making such muff.
it joins the line I0| around to the other line
SimilarV reference numerals refer to similar
35 at the bottom of the pattern in Fig. 3. Thus,
parts throughout the several views.
one edge |03 may be secured to one edge |02 of
Referring now to the drawing, the two ear
the pattern I5 and the other edge |04 may be
muiîs 90 and 9| preferably are identical in con
secured to the other edge |02 of the pattern l5.
struction but reversed in position and desirably
The piece of lambs’ wool of which the edge
they are slidably mounted upon a resilient flex
ible tension member 92 which passes> into the 40 wall 93 is made is also preferably provided with _
apertures 94 at the top and 91 at the bottom so
ear muff 90 in its edge wall 93 at an aperture 94,
that when this fabric is folded along the line |01
thence outward at an aperture 95, inward again
the apertures 95 will register with each other
at an aperture 99, and outward at an aperture
and apertures 91 will register with each other to
9'! in the lower part of the edge wall 93. Such
tension member passes similarly through muff 9|. 45 permit the passage of the tension member 92 as
shown in Fig. 1.
’
The resilient flexible tension member 92 may
The pieces of material for each muû‘ of course
be a colth covered strand of rubber or other
may be cut out with suitable dies which pro
similar resilient material. The upper portion 98
vide the apertures at the same time. Then it is
of this resilient member passes above the head
of the wearer approximately at the front hair 50 only necessary to sew the edges of the two pieces
|00 and 93 together along two lines of stitching
line while the lower portion 99 passes about the
indicated at |08 and |09 as shown in Fig. 2.
head of the wearer at the nape of the neck.
The type of stitching which preferably is em
The muffs 90 and 9| preferably are constructed
ployed is similar to that which is used for but
of relatively stiff material such as native lambs’
ton-heling which simultaneously secures the
Wool as shown, or of relatively stiff felt or other
edges of the blanks together and protects them
heavy fabric for the purpose of giving its edge
against raveling. Then one side of the pattern .
wall an inherent stiffness to retain the shape as
of the side wall |00 may be folded backward
shown. However, when a muif is made of thin
2,413,283
E
along the line I0| against the other side, pro
lies the side of an ear with the un?langed peri
viding a double side wall |00 with the wall ex
tending outward and inward as shown in Fig. 2
metrical portion of said ñrst wall lying immedi
and simultaneously the edge wall 93 will be folded
along the line lûl -iîorming a double edge wall
93 with the native lambs’ wool extending inward
and outward.
This causes the seams m3 and
|89 to register with each other and the aper
tures for the tension member 92 to register with
ately adjacent to the head afore the ear and said
second wall lies immediately adjacent to the head
and over, under and abaft the ear.
2. In combination, a pair of generally scoop
shaped mufís, each or said muiîs comprising a
iirst wall and a second wall in the nature of a
continuous flange for a major portion but not
each other so that the ear muffs may then be 10 all of the perimeter of said ñrst wall, and means
for so holding each of said muíls along the head
slidably mounted upon the tension member «92
of a human wearer that its first Wall overlies the
and its ends may be secured together by stitch
ing or other convenientl means as indicated at
side of an ear with the unñanged perimetrical
H0.
portion of said ñrst wall lying immediately adja
Such ear muiî is adapted to house the ear as 15 cent to the head afore the ear and its second wall
lies immediately adjacent to the head and over,
shown in Fig. 2 without crushing the ear, as the
under and abaft the ear, said holding means
edge wall 93 tapers back toward the top front and
comprising an endless elastic ñexible member
from the back toward »the bottom iront. The
Whereon said mufl‘s are threaded, each muiî be
tension member should be arrangedwell forward
on the head so that this tension member tends to 20 ing threaded upon the endless elastic flexible
member by having said member ñrst passing
pull the mufr” forwardly on the ear and the
through the second wall of the muil“, thence twice
rear portion l! l of the ear tends to cam the edge
through the ñrst wall of the muff, and then once
wall 93 closely against the side of the head at
again through the second wall of the muil at a
that point. Such a tapering edge Wall ñts closely
against the contour of the head behind the ear 25 point remote from the pointl where first passing
through said second wall.
While the relatively straight front edge also en
3. In combination, a pair of generally scoop
gages the head in front of the ear, completelyaëî
shaped muffe, each of said muiîs comprising a
enclosing the ear in such manner that it is profirst wall and a second Wall in the nature of a
tected on all sides.
It will be` observed that only two pieces of ma 30 continuous ñange for a major portion but not all
of the perimeter of said iirst wall, and means
terial are required and that they are secured to
for so holding each of said muffs along the head
gether along what appears to be two lines of
of a human wearer that its first wall overlies
stitching in Fig. 2 but which is actually one line
the side of an ear'with the unñanged perimetri
of stitching extending completely about the pat
tern of Fig. 3 and that of Fig. 4. Thus the muiîs 35 cal portion of said first wall lying immediately
adjacent to the head afore the ear and its second
may be made with a minimum amount of labor
wall lies immediately adjacent to the head and
and material.
The muiîs 9i! and 9| properly may be regarded l over, under and> abaft the ear, said holding means
comprising an endless elastic flexible member
as scoop-shaped; the wall i90 corresponding with
whereon said mufís are threaded, each muiî be
the base or bottom of a scoop, the wall S3 cor
responding with the flange constituting the back
and sides of a scoop, and the unflanged peri
metrical portion of the wall lûíl representing the
leading or cutting edgeof a scoop.
`One of the most important advantages of this 4
type of ear muiî resides in the fact that there
is absolutely no restraint placed upon the ear.
The ear is not `bent against the side of the
head, and there is ample room for the ear to be
at rest in its normal position; and of course the
width of the side wall may be made as much as
is necessary to insure comfort for the ears of
ing threaded upon the endless elastic flexible
member by having said member pass through
opposite end portions of its second wall.
4. In combination, a pair of muffs each com
prising a first wall and a second wall in the na
ture or" a perimetrical flange for said first wall,
and means for so holding each of said mufîs
alongside the head of a human wearer that its
iirst wall overlies the side of an ear and its sec
ond wall lies against the head and adjacent the
ear, said holding means comprising an endless
elastic flexible .member whereon said muffs are
threaded, each said muri being threaded upon
the endless Yelastic flexible-member by having
said member first passing through the second
wall of the mui‘f, thence twice through the first
ited Ato the precise details of construction set
wall of the muñ, and then again through the
forth, but wish to avail myself of all changes
second wall of the muri at a point spaced sub
within the scope of the appended claims.
stantially from the point where ñrst passing
What I claim as new and desire to secure by
60 through said second wall.
Letters Patent of the United States is:
5. In lcombination, a pair of muffs each com
1. A generally `scoop-shaped muiï comprising a
prising a ñrst wall and a second wall in the
ñrst wall which consists of two plies of flexible
nature of a perimetrical flange for said first
material integrally joined at the unflanged peri
wall, and means for so holding each of said muffs
metrical portion of said ñrst wall, and a second
the wearer.
While I have illustrated a preferred embodi
ment of my invention, I do >not wish to be ,lim
wall in the natui‘e of a continuous ilange for a
major portion but not all of the perimeter of
said first wall, said second wall consisting of two
plies of flexible material integrally joined at that
perimetrical portion of said second wall which
lies immediately adjacent to the head of the
wearer when the muil" is in use, edge portions of
individual plies of each wall being stitched to edge
portions of individual plies of the other wall,
and means for so holding said muiï alongside the
head of a human wearer that said ñrst wall over
alongside the head of a human wearer that its
ñrst wall overlies `the side of an ear and its
second wall lies against the head and adjacent
the ear, said holding means comprising an end
less elastic‘iiexible >member Awhereon said mufl‘s
are threaded, each mufE being threaded upon
the endless-elastic ñeXible member by having said
member pass through substantially spaced apart
portions of its second wall.
ELAINE BERG.
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