E. BERG EAR MUFF Filed March 31, 1945 2,413,283 Patented Dec. 31, 1946 2,413,283' UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,413,283 EAR MUFF Elaine Berg, Chicago, Ill. Application March 31, 1945, Serial No. 585,909 5 Claims. (Cl. 2-209) 1 2 The present invention relates to ear muffs in-' ' lmaterial having insufficient stiffness, a stiffener having the shape of half of the pattern of Fig. 4 tended to protect the ears of the wearer from cold weather. One of the objects of the invention is the pro may be inserted between the portions of the edge wall -93 to stiñen this part of the muif. It is also possible to insert a similar stiffener between the two parts of the side wall |09 as shown in Fig. 2 to stiíen this part of the muff, but stiffeners are not necessary when native lambs’ wool is em ployed as shown in Fig. 2. Each of the ear muffs 90 and 9| consists of side of the head so as to exclude cold air and 10 two wall portions, the side wall |00 and the edge to protect the ear against cold under practically wall 93. The side wall |00 is partially circular any conditions that may be encountered. in shape having the approximately straight for Another object of the invention is the provi ward edge |0| and the curved other edge |02. sion of improved ear muifs which are simple and economical to manufacture, which require a min 15 The curved portion extends substantially beyond half of a circle and as a matter of fact the pat imum amount of material, and which protect not tern of the side wall |00 is substantially oval with only the cartilaginous structure of the ear but a dat side as shown in Fig. 3 where two portions also the lobes thereof. vision of an improved ear muff which is adapted readily and easily to `be put on. Another object of the invention is the provi sion of an improved ear muff which is adapted to cover the whole ear and fit snugly against the of the side wall integrally joined together are Other objects, features and advantages of my invention will appear from the following descrip 20 shown in pattern. These portions are folded along the line which corresponds to the front edge tion wherein reference is made to the accompany wall | 0| and they are provided wtih apertures ing single sheet of drawings in which: 95, 96 which register with each other and are Fig. l is a View in perspective of a pair of ear located to receive the tension member 92. muffs of the present invention; The edge wall 93 is also made of a single piece Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional View showing 25 of fabric the pattern for which is shown in Fig. how one of the muffs engages and cooperates with an ear of the wearer; 4. In this case the pattern is formed with a pair of ‘boundaries |03, |04 having similar curvature Fig. 3 is a plan view of the pattern (reduced and curved on a relatively larger circle so that in size) for one of the two pieces of fabric of 30 these boundaries join at the points |05, |00 and which such ear muff is made; and form the pattern shown. The length of each Fig. 4 is a plan view of a pattern (similarly re boundary |03, |04 corresponds'in length to the duced in size) for the other piece of fabric uti length of a curved edge |02 from the point where lized in making such muff. it joins the line I0| around to the other line SimilarV reference numerals refer to similar 35 at the bottom of the pattern in Fig. 3. Thus, parts throughout the several views. one edge |03 may be secured to one edge |02 of Referring now to the drawing, the two ear the pattern I5 and the other edge |04 may be muiîs 90 and 9| preferably are identical in con secured to the other edge |02 of the pattern l5. struction but reversed in position and desirably The piece of lambs’ wool of which the edge they are slidably mounted upon a resilient flex ible tension member 92 which passes> into the 40 wall 93 is made is also preferably provided with _ apertures 94 at the top and 91 at the bottom so ear muff 90 in its edge wall 93 at an aperture 94, that when this fabric is folded along the line |01 thence outward at an aperture 95, inward again the apertures 95 will register with each other at an aperture 99, and outward at an aperture and apertures 91 will register with each other to 9'! in the lower part of the edge wall 93. Such tension member passes similarly through muff 9|. 45 permit the passage of the tension member 92 as shown in Fig. 1. ’ The resilient flexible tension member 92 may The pieces of material for each muû‘ of course be a colth covered strand of rubber or other may be cut out with suitable dies which pro similar resilient material. The upper portion 98 vide the apertures at the same time. Then it is of this resilient member passes above the head of the wearer approximately at the front hair 50 only necessary to sew the edges of the two pieces |00 and 93 together along two lines of stitching line while the lower portion 99 passes about the indicated at |08 and |09 as shown in Fig. 2. head of the wearer at the nape of the neck. The type of stitching which preferably is em The muffs 90 and 9| preferably are constructed ployed is similar to that which is used for but of relatively stiff material such as native lambs’ ton-heling which simultaneously secures the Wool as shown, or of relatively stiff felt or other edges of the blanks together and protects them heavy fabric for the purpose of giving its edge against raveling. Then one side of the pattern . wall an inherent stiffness to retain the shape as of the side wall |00 may be folded backward shown. However, when a muif is made of thin 2,413,283 E along the line I0| against the other side, pro lies the side of an ear with the un?langed peri viding a double side wall |00 with the wall ex tending outward and inward as shown in Fig. 2 metrical portion of said ñrst wall lying immedi and simultaneously the edge wall 93 will be folded along the line lûl -iîorming a double edge wall 93 with the native lambs’ wool extending inward and outward. This causes the seams m3 and |89 to register with each other and the aper tures for the tension member 92 to register with ately adjacent to the head afore the ear and said second wall lies immediately adjacent to the head and over, under and abaft the ear. 2. In combination, a pair of generally scoop shaped mufís, each or said muiîs comprising a iirst wall and a second wall in the nature of a continuous flange for a major portion but not each other so that the ear muffs may then be 10 all of the perimeter of said ñrst wall, and means for so holding each of said muíls along the head slidably mounted upon the tension member «92 of a human wearer that its first Wall overlies the and its ends may be secured together by stitch ing or other convenientl means as indicated at side of an ear with the unñanged perimetrical H0. portion of said ñrst wall lying immediately adja Such ear muiî is adapted to house the ear as 15 cent to the head afore the ear and its second wall lies immediately adjacent to the head and over, shown in Fig. 2 without crushing the ear, as the under and abaft the ear, said holding means edge wall 93 tapers back toward the top front and comprising an endless elastic ñexible member from the back toward »the bottom iront. The Whereon said mufl‘s are threaded, each muiî be tension member should be arrangedwell forward on the head so that this tension member tends to 20 ing threaded upon the endless elastic flexible member by having said member ñrst passing pull the mufr” forwardly on the ear and the through the second wall of the muil“, thence twice rear portion l! l of the ear tends to cam the edge through the ñrst wall of the muff, and then once wall 93 closely against the side of the head at again through the second wall of the muil at a that point. Such a tapering edge Wall ñts closely against the contour of the head behind the ear 25 point remote from the pointl where first passing through said second wall. While the relatively straight front edge also en 3. In combination, a pair of generally scoop gages the head in front of the ear, completelyaëî shaped muffe, each of said muiîs comprising a enclosing the ear in such manner that it is profirst wall and a second Wall in the nature of a tected on all sides. It will be` observed that only two pieces of ma 30 continuous ñange for a major portion but not all of the perimeter of said iirst wall, and means terial are required and that they are secured to for so holding each of said muffs along the head gether along what appears to be two lines of of a human wearer that its first wall overlies stitching in Fig. 2 but which is actually one line the side of an ear'with the unñanged perimetri of stitching extending completely about the pat tern of Fig. 3 and that of Fig. 4. Thus the muiîs 35 cal portion of said first wall lying immediately adjacent to the head afore the ear and its second may be made with a minimum amount of labor wall lies immediately adjacent to the head and and material. The muiîs 9i! and 9| properly may be regarded l over, under and> abaft the ear, said holding means comprising an endless elastic flexible member as scoop-shaped; the wall i90 corresponding with whereon said mufís are threaded, each muiî be the base or bottom of a scoop, the wall S3 cor responding with the flange constituting the back and sides of a scoop, and the unflanged peri metrical portion of the wall lûíl representing the leading or cutting edgeof a scoop. `One of the most important advantages of this 4 type of ear muiî resides in the fact that there is absolutely no restraint placed upon the ear. The ear is not `bent against the side of the head, and there is ample room for the ear to be at rest in its normal position; and of course the width of the side wall may be made as much as is necessary to insure comfort for the ears of ing threaded upon the endless elastic flexible member by having said member pass through opposite end portions of its second wall. 4. In combination, a pair of muffs each com prising a first wall and a second wall in the na ture or" a perimetrical flange for said first wall, and means for so holding each of said mufîs alongside the head of a human wearer that its iirst wall overlies the side of an ear and its sec ond wall lies against the head and adjacent the ear, said holding means comprising an endless elastic flexible .member whereon said muffs are threaded, each said muri being threaded upon the endless Yelastic flexible-member by having said member first passing through the second wall of the mui‘f, thence twice through the first ited Ato the precise details of construction set wall of the muñ, and then again through the forth, but wish to avail myself of all changes second wall of the muri at a point spaced sub within the scope of the appended claims. stantially from the point where ñrst passing What I claim as new and desire to secure by 60 through said second wall. Letters Patent of the United States is: 5. In lcombination, a pair of muffs each com 1. A generally `scoop-shaped muiï comprising a prising a ñrst wall and a second wall in the ñrst wall which consists of two plies of flexible nature of a perimetrical flange for said first material integrally joined at the unflanged peri wall, and means for so holding each of said muffs metrical portion of said ñrst wall, and a second the wearer. While I have illustrated a preferred embodi ment of my invention, I do >not wish to be ,lim wall in the natui‘e of a continuous ilange for a major portion but not all of the perimeter of said first wall, said second wall consisting of two plies of flexible material integrally joined at that perimetrical portion of said second wall which lies immediately adjacent to the head of the wearer when the muil" is in use, edge portions of individual plies of each wall being stitched to edge portions of individual plies of the other wall, and means for so holding said muiï alongside the head of a human wearer that said ñrst wall over alongside the head of a human wearer that its ñrst wall overlies `the side of an ear and its second wall lies against the head and adjacent the ear, said holding means comprising an end less elastic‘iiexible >member Awhereon said mufl‘s are threaded, each mufE being threaded upon the endless-elastic ñeXible member by having said member pass through substantially spaced apart portions of its second wall. ELAINE BERG.