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Dec. 31, 1946.
I R.-M. FREEMAN
2,413,316
ROTARY BELT LOADING MACHINE
Filed March 20, 1942
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I NVENTOR
Dec. 31, 1946.
2,413,316
‘ R. M. FREEMAN
ROTARY BELT LOADING MACHINE
Filed‘March _20, 1942
6 Sheet's—Sheet 2
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Dec. 31;"194s.
RMFREEMN
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2,413,316
ROTARY BELT LOADING MACHINE
Filed March 20 , 1942
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6 Sheets-Sheet 5
Dec. 31, 1946.
R. M. FREEMAN
2,413,316
ROTARY‘ BELT LOADING MACHINE
Filed March 20, 1942
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FIG.I5.
INVENTOR
Dec. 31, 1946.
R_ M_ FREEMAN
2,413,315
ROTARY BELT LOADING MACHINE
Filed March 20, 1942 -
6 Sheets-Sheet 5
D86, 31, 1945.
_R_ M_ FREEMAN
2,413,31?
ROTARY BELT LOADING ‘MACHINE
Filed March 20, “1942
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a 57 62 58'
BY
e Sheets-Sheet e
2,413,316
Patented Dec. 31, 1946
.UNITED STATES PATEN
OFFICE
' 2,413,316
'
ROTARY BELT LOADING MACHINE
’ Robert M. Freeman, United States Navy
Application March 20, 1942, Serial No. 435,523
12 Claims.
(01. 86—48)
~ -.
(Granted under the act of‘ March‘3, 1883, as
amended April 30, 1928; 370 O. G. 757)
2
Figure 1 is a front elevation of the device, some
of the parts being broken away and others in
This invention relates to a machine for mak
ing ammunition belts, and particularly to that
section, they cover for the cartridge carrying drum
being removed.
type of belt known as a disintegrating belt, in
which the individual rounds of ammunition, to
gether with the clips or links, form a continuous
v Figure 2 is a longitudinal sectional view through
belt which is broken up into its component ele
mentsas it passes through the gun in which the
the machine with the drum and shaft broken
vammunition is being ?red. -
away to show the returning cam for the rammers.
Figure 3, is a vertical sectional view taken on
-
the line 3—3 of Fig. 1 showing the clip, or link,
Inasmuch as machine guns canibe made to
'
' '~
?re at speeds up to l5'00rounds per minute it is 10 receiving end of the drum.
Figure 4 is a vertical sectional view of the car
evident that to be used in these guns, high speed
tridge carrying drum, taken on the line 4+-4_ of
isnecessary in forming’ the belts or else a dis
Fig. 1.
proportionate amount of time will be consumed
solely in their preparation.
'
V
Figure 5 is a vertical sectional view taken on
.A device, operated by‘ hand,'has been used to 15 the line 5-5 of Fig. 2 with the cartridges re
moved to show details of the rammer returning
'form'these belts by aligning ten cartridges at a
time in position to be rammed into an equal num
cam.
'
'
'
Figure 6 is a vertical cross-sectional view taken
'ber' of‘ clips. ' It is’ obvious that a device of this
on the line 6-6 of Fig. 1 showing the cartridge
kind is totally inadequate. Other devices have
been‘ developed in which cartridges and clips are 20 selecting drum in detail.
Figure 7 is a detail view of a supporting bracket
supplied from appropriate magazines to a recip
rocating ramming mechanism. These loaders are " for the link supporting belt.
much more satisfactory than hand- loadersw but
are still too slow, and thus take up too much of
the time of personnel.’
'
'
‘ '
‘
’
I Figure 8 is a detail view of a portion of a loaded
lgelt, one of the cartridges being left out to show
25
ammunition may‘be'fed to a rotating drum by
means of an appropriate selector mechanism,
after which‘a plurality‘ of rammers, actuated by
a cam, ‘force the cartridges vinto the belt clips._
One of the ‘objects of this invention is to load
‘
_
'
~
1'
belt clips.
V
"
>
, g
' '_
I: A"
'
_'
rounds ‘of’ ammunition of different types to the
belt’ clips in a predetermined order wherein the
'
inoperative position.
35
v_
V
,
I
’
»
Figure 11 is a top plan view of the parts shown
in Fig.'_l0, the operating block cam being in the
v
I
Figure ‘12 is a view similar to that of Fig-11
with some of the parts removed and some in sec
tion to show the cam in its operative position.
Figure 13 is va detail rear elevation ofthe se
lecting drum showing the removable plate and
of_ diiierent types to the belt clips in a predeter
mi'ned'order.
"
-
“breaking” the belt.
Another object-is to load rounds of ammunition
» _ ‘Still ‘another object ‘of the invention is to load
>
Figure 10 is a detail view, with parts in section,
30 of the selecting drum and the operating block for
_.
Another objectnof the invention is ‘to ‘load
rounds of ammunition of di?erent types to the
'
or links.
rounds of ammunition’ to belt clips whereinthe
clips are loaded in considerably less time than
heretofore.
a “break” in the belt.
Figure 9 is a view showing a topplan, side ele
vation, and bottom plan of one of the belt clips‘,
' In the present invention a plurality of types of
40
operating block.
'
'
'
i
‘
'
Figure 14 is a detail face view of the rammer
projecting cam on a reduced scale.
Figure 15' is a detail sectional view of a-por
tion of the rammer receiving ‘end of ya modi?ed
order may be changed as desired.
A further 'objectfof the invention is to load 45 form of drum showing a means for frictionally
r‘o'u‘ndsbf ammunition of the same or di?’erent
engaging the rammer.
type‘whe'rein the belt is '“broken” at spaced in
Referring now to the drawings, on which like
numerals of reference are employed to designate
tervals to provide individual belt clips of a de
‘
. T
like parts throughout the several views, and more
sired length ‘without stop‘pingslowing down or
disrupting the continuous operation of the load 50 particularly to Figs. 1 and 2, there is shown there-‘
ing‘machine.
'
in a form of the device mounted‘ upon a base
member 20, which supports the upright members
2| and 22. _A shaft 23 rotates in suitable bear
ings provided in the upright supporting members
scription of the invention'taken in connection
\with'the accompanying drawings, of which;
56 2| and Y22. ‘A drum 24, which may be caIledthe
. istill'further‘ object's, advantages, and improve
ments will be ‘apparent from the following de
2,413,316
3
4
cartridge carrying drum, is supported on the shaft
tion 4? (see Fig. 2) of larger diameter than the
23 and is ?xed to rotate with it by means of keys
main section of the drum. This portion is pro
vided with a plurality of holes longitudinally dis
posed in alignment with the channels 36 in the
main portion of the drum, there being one hole
for each channel. Push rods, or rammers, 418
or other suitable means.
Another cylindrically
shaped member, or drum 25, which may be called
the selector drum, is also attached to rotate with
the shaft 23 by means of keys or other suitable
attaching means, Power toturn the shaftis
supplied from a's‘ource not shown which operates
slide. within these holes, The rammers 48 have
a belt 26 running on the pulley’ 2T, 'which'in tilrn
the cartridges and these heads preferably are
enlargeduheaiism Whi.
engage} the bases of
is ?xed to the shaft 23 by a suitable means such 1 0 dished out in the center so as to avoid any pos
as a key or set screw.
-
sibility of setting off the primers. This construc~
tion is' shown in detail in Figure 15 in which
modi?cation the enlarged portion 47 of the drum
‘
A chute 28 for the belt links Liis supported by.
any appropriate means (not shown). so, as to feed
the links to the receiving portion of the car
is cut away to'expose a portion of the rammer (l8.
Friction elements 5 i. may be attached to the drum
so as to press against the rammers 48 and pre
to allow a space in which the ?exible belt 29
vent idle motion.
runs, as may be seen in Figs, 1, and 3, flfhisbeltiis
A cover 52,- fseerFig. ll) ?ts over that portion of
supported on idler pulleys 3! (shown in, detail in f the cartridge carrying drum between the maga
Fig. '7) attached to the‘base 29 and to a bracket 20 zines and the delivery tray 33 for the purpose of
'32 in such a way that it bears against the links
keeping the, cartridges'secure in s the} channels
tridge carrying drum 24. The chute'z?isopen
along the top central section of its entire length
L. and holds them in place on‘ the‘ cartridge car
ryingl‘drnm. during the ‘time that they" are travel
mg fromv the link chute 28 to the 'délivery tray
33. supported on base 2% bythememb’erwt?. The
,b t“ 129' "may bedriven ijrom the ‘same source
3F‘. An operating cam 53 " (see Eigsl and14) is
attached to the ‘support ZZ‘so as-to; engage the
rearends. of the, rammers as.‘ Thus, when the
.drumi 'rot'ate's‘in the direction shown by the
arrows ‘the rammers are progressively pushed
forward to-‘force the cartridges into engagement
ichv drives the shaft 23,401“ from 'a'z’s‘ource (not
shown)? independently therefrom, but in either
event‘; the drivingis'ource is‘ preferably arranged
so that the belt'tr'av'els at a‘slightly, greater linear
with the belt links L. _ ‘The contour of. the cam
53 may be such that the ratev of advance'of the
3,0 rammers is comparativelyrapid during the ?rst
sreeeihan the reripheral shred. of thei‘drum 2i
part of the stroke'until the "cartridges begin to
?rmly engage the links, after which point the
rate of advance of the rammers will be reduced
so as to tend to crowd the links, L close together
> while being fed to, and around, the drum._
enlurality of cartridge. magazines
girand
3.5.. (rise-Fig. ,4) surgeries by any, suitable, means
.(l;1'€>17.-LShQWI-i),..11r@ provided ‘for.v the surpass Of
, 3.5
'54 (see Figs. 1' and 2_) is provided around the
forward periphery of the cartridge carrying drum
feeding cartridges to the channels 36 on :the
cartridge. carrying, drum fifhere,
be any
numberof these maeeeinesiaecordinstq the 11111,
213. This bandv is provided to serve as; an abut
ment for the belt links L to hold them against
itations of the machine, orthere-may be only one. 1
lateral displacement when the cartridges are
rammed into place. Another cam surface 55,
In some instances. it may. be... imble. tqloa?'the
belt with different typeset am’
to provide more power and to securely seat the
cartridges in the links L. Anband or enlargement
,ition, such as
(see Figs-2 and 5), attached totvthe support #5
deters... service ammunition.‘ dummy. cartridges.
by any suitable means, is provided to return the
the use of a plurality of cartridgernagazines w’hfl ,
rammers Q3, totheir retracted position after they
have rammed the cartridges, into the links. The
etc.,~- in a predetermined- orders In such event
ieciliiete. loading of the belt. 11.1. therssleeted .01"
der-é Qlqlvipuély, ‘hover-er. the swamps of am
gem, serieces Wand. 55.. needs“ be. constructed
speci?cally, as shown, but any desired modi?ca
tion, or other; suitable means, may be employed
munition could be loaded ‘into each magazine,
which. willadvanceihe Hammers and cartridges
metered-Y ‘Furthermore. when more than one
‘type offr'ammunitionlis used, itis not necessary
50
to limit each type to a single magagjine, but. one
more trpesimay he vnlaceci'in, a: plurality of
delivery :tray ‘to’ the magazines. A single con
mesezinesin; aselectevl we toenable ‘Wider
variations in the loading or
'
rorwardduring the ltravel'from the magazines to
thejdelivery tray‘ and return the rammers to their
retracted positions during, movement from the
he diiferent
tinuous cam surface, or groove located in‘ the
types Of. ammunition; as Well; asdlstributing "the
, cylindrical areasnrroundingthe ,raminers might
loadentlie moving. parts of; the-machine, Also.
be. employed.
ifdesiredr different types of‘ ammunition. may be
placedineachcne or- all of the magazines to give
Wider-variations.in'the order or'loading.
ensase-thissreevaor @amSurface-y
A re,
Operation, of any of the retarding means ‘:(by ap
paratus .to'be later described) will permit a‘car
tridge in. the magazine, to which the retarding
means is attached, to drop in the adjacent chan
nelS'?in the cartridge carrying: drum. "
Around the periphery .of one .endof‘the car
tridge'carrying 'dru'n‘i there is'an extended. pori
,
t
>
-
The mechanism; for selecting the. ammunition
from the various magazines to determine the
order aedpratic. in which itqwillappear in the
tarding means, such as the star wheels‘ 5?, Stand '
3.9.. are-provided. at. the lowerends. 101" the mesa
zines, the arms,oigthejstar-wheels projecting into
the; magazine to: control the feeding cf‘the car
tridges; ‘he star wheels are?xed to. the shafts
41', I12; and
respectively, which rotate in suit~
able bearings provided in the-cross bar;,44" (Fig.
andt?.
5.);isupported
being on
‘attached
bracketsto t5theand
base
lit, member
brackets. 2%.
‘which, case the individual ram
mers could be provided with suitable means to
loaded belt willlnowbe described (see Figs. ,6, 10,
1.1; and<12>r The selector-drum 25,130tates with
65
the shaft 23 as previously described... The drum
is. providedwith a. plurality .of laterally. extending
guidewayseor grooves 56 as shown‘ in cross-sec?
tion in Fig.—i6, there being as many guideways on
the selector drum ‘2,5. asjthere arev channels 36
:on the cartridge carrying drum 24, although, they
are not necessarilyin alignment. A number of
sliding blocks 57 and 59 are to be inserted/inthese
guidetvay5,'ar1,d, therefore, it is. essential that the
sides ofthe guidewaysbe undercut'in any suit
able?manl’ler, Qr..that.,some,other provision be
madeyslo that-these blocks will, be retainedinJthe
LIB-5935.316
5
,lguideways during rotation of_ the selector ;drum.
6
' vantagejofthepresent construction, :as; shown; in
;In_:order_ to's.-restrict:;lateral~ :movement {of- the
v . the drawings, ‘restsjrinf-thejfact ‘thatiit; provides
.blocksa suitable :means may be provided such as
_:the'.plate 60 attached to the ‘rear of the selector
> interchangeability randy?exibility: of operation.
. drum. .iAnother-platetl .may be secured to'ethev
.Ifront faceofatheselector drum» in such a manner
_ illustrat'edin Fig.* .8,‘ in which'the. cartridgesiC2,
...as to berquickly removable in order to change the
.-LI,"L2, L3,"L4, and‘ L5 therebyi joining;:them.
;A' short'zsection, of ,-a loaded cartridge belt is
. C3,- . C4, and 05 ‘have been rammed-into; links
‘Between C5 and‘C'I itwwas desiredato “break”. the
.are bye-passing blocks and serve the, purpose-only
...belt;'tha,t is; to ‘end onei'belt andv begin another.
.of providinga smooth. surface on the outerv pe-‘ [10, :One'. manner .of accomplishing this is-to emit a
.ripheryroitheselector drum as well as to properly
.single cartridge," as‘ hasbeen donev between the
-. position ‘the operating blocks 51 intheinrespec
links L5 and'LG thereby-destroying the. connec
.. positions .of. the blocks 51 and 59. ~_'I‘he-blo,cks:59
_tivej.guideways. >The operating blocks=51gare
each provided with trips’ 58_ and depressions 52.
.As- previously stated, the star wheels 31,‘ 38 and ; -
. ,tion between: the, links. ’ A new: belt. beginsiwith
cartridge C1, connecting the‘ links L6 and L1;
,. Aispecial meansj has been provided. onJthe
39 are attached to and rotaterwiththe‘shafts
machine for omitting asingle cartridge while‘the
' Al, 42,.and 43 respectively to control the dropping
of;the cartridgesfrom-the magazines to the car
.machine is in operation, which permits the belts
.to. be “broken” without stopping. the .4 machine.
tridge; carrying vdrum. 'These. shafts are oper
This device-is illustrated .particularlyiin Figs? 10,
.ated.:byxintermittent motion‘ mechanisms 63, 64,“;20 11, and 12. “ In one "of the 'guideways 156 there
.. and 65. attached to the ends of shafts 41, 42, and
.-is‘ located an operating'blockl69, which is. a
A3 respectively, opposite to theends on whichthe
.little longerthan the widthv of:'the selector .drum
25 and' extends through cut-out openings-rpm
vided in-the plates 60 and BI. A bracket'll
is attachedsto the under {side of,v theperiphery
star wheels are ?xed. ‘Theshafts are supported
near the intermittent motion mechanisms in suit
able bearings provided in. a bracket BG-held by»
the upright 22. In the form of mechanism shown
the intermittent motion devices comprises cir
cular discs provided with pins 61 protruding from
of the selector drum and extends out from .the
front face of the drum opposite: the block'f69.
A spring 72, held inplace by small bosses onvthe
There are as many pins 61 on each of the inter
block and bracket tends to push‘theblock'rBS
inwardly. A plate 13 attached to ‘the frontend
of the block :69; extends around'the‘ edges'otthe
block and-serves as a stop to'limitlthe lateral
movement vof the block inresponse to 'thepres
mittent ‘motion-devices as there are arms on the
7 star wheel. connectedito that device. A plurality
sure from the spring 12. A bracket!“ .is;:at
tached by any suitable. means to the upright sup
of stops, 68 are providedon the periphery oi.’v the
(discs. These stops engage the depressions 62 in
the operating blocks51~ when .the'sintermittent
port .22, alongside one of the intermittent motion
‘one face of each ofthe discs. These pins are en
.; gaged by the trips 58- on the operating blocks 41
by virtue of which engagement movement will be
. imparted tothe intermittent motion mechanisms.
devices. This bracket has an upturned ?ange
' 15 into which are drilled suitable holes which
motion device is being‘turned by the engagement
provide a sliding ?t for‘ the pins ' ‘l6 and" TI.
of pins 61 with trip 58, whereas at all other times 40 These pins are attached to and support a cam
the stops engage the smooth surface presented
18 adjacent the inner edge of the selector drum
by the Joy-passing blocks 59' which lie ?ush with
25. A-spring 1.9lis attached to the cam 13 and
the cylinder surface‘ of the-selector drum 25, thus
the ?ange 15 under a slight tension so as nor
preventingrotation‘of the star wheels. The stops
g-nally to hold the cam away from the-selector
,may be merely projections of the discs, or may 45 ‘drum as in Fig. 11. i A ?nger piece BI is provided
take'the form of small rollers pivotally attached
on the cam 18 to‘permit' the cam to be’ conven
to the periphery of the discs.
iently moved on the pins 16‘ and TI.‘ Pressure
Normally, there will be an operating block 51 .
on the ?ngerpiece Bi will move the cam‘l'l?
in each of the guideways 56 which will engage
in toward the selector drum, in which position
at least one of the intermittent motion devices. 50 thelcam will engage the‘ inner end of the block
The intermittent motion devices are placed so as
69 to forceit outwardly, as' shown in Fig. 12,
to lie in different lateral planes with respect to the ’ when the motion of the selector drum brings the
.axis of rotation of the selector drum. The par
' 'block opposite the cam. By this'means the- oper
ticular device to be operated will depend upon the
ating block 69 will be carried past the mechanism
lateral position of the operating block in the 55 68"in' a position such that-its trip~58 -w'il1 not
. guideway, it being apparent that the intermittent
motion device will only be operated by a block
which lies in the same operational plane. In the
form shown in the drawings, it will be noted that
operate the mechanism, which normally-‘it would
‘do. As agresult,there will be an empty channel
' in the'cartridge carrying drum.
The operation of the belt- loading machine as
there are two by-passing blocks and one operating . 60 a whole ‘will now be explained. The link belt
block in each guideway but it will be understood ' - chute 28 must be ?lled with belt links L and
that the number of by-passing blocks will depend
upon the number of intermittent motion mecha
kept? ?lled while the machine is in operation.
Cartridges must also be loaded in the magazines
33, 34,‘ and 35 and continually supplied during
the by-passing blocks being to ?x the operating 65 operation. The choice of cartridges for» each
magazine will depend on the character of the
block in place and ?ll up the space in the guide
nisms there are on the machine, the purpose of
way. ".On the‘other hand operating blocks could
belt'it .is desired to form. For the purposes of
illustration we will assume that thebelt, is to
be employed which‘comprised a single piece ?ll
be composed of tracers and service ammunition
ing up the entire guideway, it being necessary
then to locate the trip 58 on the block at the time 70 in the ratioof one tracer to two service rounds.
‘In this instance ‘then 'it would be desirable to
of- manufacture. Furthermore, the entire se
load the magazine 33 with tracer cartridges Ct,
lector drum, instead of being formed by a built
while magazines34, and 35 could contain service
upconstruction, could be formed-in a single piece,
ammunition Cs and Cs I.
-all of the trips 58 and depressionsGZ being located
; at,.the;ti1pe.:of._ manufacture. ..Ob.viously . the. .ad- 2 75 The operating, blocks. ,5‘! will thenbe placed
7
.._in position in the channels or ‘slots BBLby removal
8
‘of the cover 6! as described, so that as the selec
I‘ "to the outside edge of the selector drum, but the
‘trip '58 on the block 69fcou1d beplaced in any pc
tor drum 25 rotates, in the direction shown by
the arrows, the ‘trips 58 on the operating blocks
‘ 'sition suitable to operatev any one of the‘inter
"lmittent motion devices. ‘ Because of the fact that
.will engage the pines‘! on the intermittent mo
tion mechanisms in consecutive order. For ex;
. 'ample,jit will be seen in Fig. 1 that the control
only onebperating block on the selectordrum is
arranged to be displaced, it follows that the belt
“can beF‘broken”v only at'some multiple of the
number of ‘stations on the drum, which, in this
case, is-thirty. Inasmuchas the length of car
10 tridge belts varieslfr'om 125.130 250 rounds it is
apparent that it will‘ not vbe usually necessary to
> station D on the selector drum will determine
the placement of a cartridge in the channel D1
on the cartridge carrying drum. Similarly for
control station E and channel E1, and ‘control
'station F and channel F1. Inasmuch‘ as the
operating block 51 in control station D is placed
in the same operating plane as the mechanism
provide for making a “break” in the belt at a
multiple of ‘a lower frequency. However, it is
evident that any number of the operating blocks
63, which controls the displacement of cartridges -15 might be‘ constructed in the same manner-as 69,
from magazine 33, it follows that a cartridge from
if it is desirable.
that magazine will drop into channel D1 when
While the invention has been described with
the entire mechanism is rotated in the direction
reference to certain preferred ‘examples thereof
shown by the arrow. The next ‘channel to be
which giveisatisfactory results, it willbe under
?lled is E1 which is controlled ‘by control station 20 stood by those skilled in the'art to which the
E. The operating block in this station is placed
invention‘ pertains, after understanding thein
so as to actuate the intermittent motion mech
anism 64 connected to magazine 34 which is the
vention, that various changes andmodi?cations
may be made without departing from the spirit
,magazine from which channel E1 will be ?lled.
and scope of the invention, and it is my inten~
The operating block in control station F is located
tion, therefore, to cover in the appended claims
in the plane which corresponds to that of mech
all such changes and modifications.
anism 65 which controls the release of cartridges
The inventionvherein described may be man
from magazine 35, and from which magazine the
ufactured and used by or for the Government of
channel F1 will therefore be ?lled. The arrange?
the United States of America for governmental
ment just described may be varied so that any 30 purposes without the payment of any royalties
sequence of operation can be performed. Fur
thereon or therefor.
thermore, it is not necessary that all of the mag
What is claimed as new and desired to be se
azines be used; if desired, the operating blocks
ured by Letters Patent of the United States is:
could all be arranged in the same operating plane
1. Apparatus for selectively depositing car
so as to ?ll all of the channels with cartridges
tridges on a moving conveyor comprising in com
from the same magazine. In this fashion any
bination, a plurality of magazines for cartridges,
number of the magazines may be utilized, either
a selector mechanism, feeding means for each of
singly or in combination, depending upon the
said magazines for feeding individual cartridges
disposition of the operating ‘blocks. When they
from the magazines to the conveyor, means for
have been placed in position in the channels 56
operating said selector mechanism in synchro
the cover 6! will be replaced as described.
As the entire device rotates the cartridge car
rying drum 24 takes the cartridges, retaining.
them in the order in which they were delivered
to the drum, from the magazines through ap
proximately half a revolution to the delivery
tray 33.
At the same time the drum carries the
nism with said moving conveyor, an intermit
tent motion mechanism for each of said feeding
meanslocated adjacent said selector mechanism
including a plurality of tripping means on said
' selector mechanism for momentarily ‘engaging
said intermittent motion mechanisms for feeding
a single cartridge from one of the magazines
links from the link chute 28 to the delivery tray,
during a single engagement.
the links being retained in alignment with vthe
2. Apparatus for selectively - depositing‘ car
cartridges as described.’ During the cycle of this’ 50 tridges on a moving conveyor comprising in com
half revolution of the drum the individual ram
bination, a plurality of magazines for cartridges,
mers 48, actuated by the cam 53 as previously
a ‘selector mechanism, feeding means for each
described, will act against the [bases of the
of said magazines for feeding individual car
cartridges to force them into the links L thus
tridges from the magazines to the moving con~
creating the completed cartridge belt which is 55 veyor, means for operating said selector mech
sues from the delivery tray 33.
anism .in synchronism with said moving con
When it is desired to “break” the belt by omit
veyor, a rotatable shaft for each of said feeding
ting a cartridge from one of the links as previ
meansextending into proximity with said selec
ously explained, all that is necessary is to press
tor mechanism, said shafts having a plurality
the ?nger piece Si so as to move the cam 18 in 60 of projecting pinsat their free ends, a plurality
close to the edgeof the selector drum until the
of trippingmeans on said selector mechanism
operating block 65] passes by, after which the
for momentarily engaging said pins for feeding
?nger piece is released. As shown, operation of
a single cartridge from one of the magazines
the ?nger piece 85 is performed by hand. The
during a single engagement.
inward movement of the ?nger piece SI will lat 65 ' 3.. Apparatus for selectively depositing car
erally shift the operating block'?s so that it will
- tridges on a‘moving conveyor comprising‘ in com
not operate the mechanism 55 and the equiva
bination, a plurality of magazines ‘for cartridges,
lent channel on the cartridge carrying drum will
a selector mechanism, feeding means for each of
not contain a cartridge, thereby leaving a blank
said magazines for feeding individual cartridges
space in the links L. Consequently, the complet- '
from the magazines to the conveyon'means for
ed belt will be separated at this point as it comes
operating said‘ selector‘ mechanism in synchro
off the delivery tray. Normally, theblock E9 is
nism with said moving conveyor, a rotating
arranged to operate the intermittent motion
shaft for each'of said'feeding means extending
mechanism adjacent the cam 78. As shown in
into‘ proximity with the surface of said selector
the drawings, this mechanism is' the one. closest 75 mechanism, said shafts having a plurality of
2,413,316
9
10
projecting pins at their free ends, a plurality of
tridge from one of said magazines during a single
engagement.
'
tripping means on said ‘selector mechanism for
8. In an apparatus for loading ammunition
momentarily engaging said pins for feeding a
belts including a cartridge magazine, a moving
single cartridge from one of the magazines dur
conveyor for belt links and cartridges, means for
ing a single engagement, the free ends of each
feeding the cartridges from the magazine to the
of said shafts terminating in different planes
conveyor, and means in operative connection with
with respect to the axis of said selecting mecha
the conveyor for inserting the cartridges into the
nism.
links, said feeding means including a rotary mem
4. Apparatus for depositing cartridges on a
moving conveyor comprising in combination, a 10 ber for transferring the cartridges from the mag
azine to the conveyor, a selector drum operatively
plurality of magazines for cartridges, a selector
mechanism, a star wheel for each of said maga
connected to said conveyor, a mechanism having
a plurality of lugs for driving said rotary mem
ber from said selector drum, tripping means
magazines to the conveyor, means for operating
said selector mechanism in synchronism with said 15 mounted on said selector drum and normally po
sitioned thereon for engaging said lugs, and
moving conveyor, a rotating shaft for each of said
means on said drum for normally maintaining
star wheels extending into proximity with the se
said tripping means in the aforesaid position.
lector mechanism, said shafts having a plurality
9. In an apparatus for loading ammunition
of projecting pins at their free ends, a plurality
belts including a plurality of cartridge magazines,
of tripping means on said selector mechanism for
a moving conveyor for belt links and cartridges,
momentarily engaging said pins for rotating the
means for feeding the cartridges from the maga
shafts and star wheels thereby feeding a single
zine to the conveyor, and means in operative con
cartridge from one of the magazines during a
nection with the conveyor for inserting the
single engagement, the free ends of each of said
cartridges into the links, said feeding means in
shafts terminating in different planes with re
cluding
a rotary member for each of said maga
spect to the axis of said selecting mechanism.
zines for transferring the cartridges from each
5. Apparatus for selectively depositing car
zines for feeding individual cartridges from the
tridges on a moving conveyor comprising in com
bination, a plurality of magazines for cartridges,
a rotatable selector drum, feeding means for each
of said magazines for feeding individual car
tridges from the magazines to the conveyor,
means for operating said selector drum in syn
chronism with said moving conveyor, an inter
mittent motion mechanism for each of said feed
ing means located near said selector drum in—
cluding a plurality of tripping means detachably
secured to the periphery of said selector drum
for momentarily engaging said intermittent mo
tion mechanisms for feeding a single cartridge
from one of said magazines during a single en
gagement, each of said intermittent motion
mechanisms being positioned in different planes
with respect to the axis of said selecting drum.
6. Apparatus for depositing cartridges on a
moving conveyor comprising in combination, a
plurality of magazines for cartridges, a traveling
selector drum, feeding means for each of said
magazines for feeding individual cartridges from
the magazines to the conveyor, means for oper
ating said selector drum in synchronism with said
moving conveyor, a rotatable shaft for each of
said feeding means extending into proximity
with the surface of said selector drum, said
shafts having a plurality of projecting pins at
their free ends, a plurality of tripping means
slidably attached to the periphery of said selec
tor drum for momentarily engaging said pins for
feeding a single cartridge from one of the mag
azines during a single engagement, the free ends
of each of said shafts terminating in different
planes with respect to the axis of said selecting
drum.
'7. An apparatus for selectively depositing car
tridges on a moving conveyor comprising a plu
rality of cartridge magazines and means for feed
ing the cartridges from the magazines to the con
veyor, said cartridge feeding means including a
selector mechanism, means for operating said se
lector mechanism in synchronism with said mov
ing conveyor, an intermittent motion mechanism
located adjacent to said selector mechanism, a
plurality of tripping means on said'selector mech
anism for momentarily engaging said intermit
t‘ent motion mechanism for feeding a single car
magazine to the conveyor, a selector drum opera
tively connected to said conveyor, a plurality of
mechanisms each having a plurality of lugs for
driving each of said rotary members from said
selector drum, tripping means slidably mounted
on said selector drum and normally positioned
thereon for engaging said lugs, and spring means
on said drum for normally maintaining said trip
ping means in the aforesaid position.
10. In an apparatus for loading ammunition
belts including a magazine, a moving conveyor
for belt links and cartridges, means for feeding
the cartridges from the magazine to said con
'
veyor, and means in operative connection with
the conveyor for inserting the cartridges into the
links, said feeding means including a rotary mem
ber for transferring the cartridges from the
‘i5 magazine to the conveyor, a selector drum opera
".tively connected to said conveyor, a mechanism
having a plurality of lugs for driving said rotary
member from said selector drum, tripping means
mounted on said selector drum extending beyond
50 the surface of said selector drum and normally
positioned thereon for engaging said lugs, and
a camming mechanism mounted adjacent to said
selector drum for displacing said tripping means
to prevent engagement of the tripping means
with said lugs.
11. In an apparatus for loading ammunition
belts including a cartridge magazine, a moving
conveyor for belt links and cartridges, means for
feeding the cartridges from the magazine to the
conveyor, and means in operative connection with
the conveyor for inserting the cartridges into the
links, said feeding means including a rotary
member for transferring the cartridges from the
magazine to the conveyor, a selector drum opera
tively connected to said conveyor to be driven
thereby, a mechanism having a plurality of lugs
for driving said rotary member from said selector
drum, tripping means slidably mounted on the
periphery of said selector drum and extending
beyond the surface thereof and normally posi
tioned thereon for engaging said lugs, spring
means on said drum for normally maintaining
said tripping means in a position for engaging
said lugs, and a camming mechanism mounted
7 5 adjacent to said selector drum for displacing said
2,413,316
11
12
tripping means to prevent the same from engag
feeding means; and successive sets of article se
ing said lugs.
lecting members carried by said conveying means,
12. A machine for selectively arranging a plu
rality of dissimilar articles in predetermined se
each selecting member of one set being con
structed and arranged to actuate the article re
quence comprising article conveying means; a
taining means of one only of said feed means to
release an article so selected from the respective
feed means onto said conveying means.
ROBERT M. FREEMAN.
plurality of means for feeding dissimilar articles
onto said conveying means; substantially identi
cal article retaining means associated with each
a»
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