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Dec. 31, 1946'
' . 2,413,418
Filedv Feb. 8', 1944
4 Shee‘ßs-sheet 1
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Dec. 31, 1946. l
Filed Feb. 8, 1944
4 sylesis-sheet 2
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Dec. 31, 1946.
2,413,418 -
Filed Feb. 8, 1944
4 Sheets-Sheet 5
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Dec. 31-, 1946.
c. J. RULlsoN
Filed Feb. s, 1944
4 sheets-sheet 4
Patented Dec. 31, 1946
Carrol/l` J. Rulison, Baldwinsville, N. _y;
Applicationlr'lebruary s, 19'4'4, serial No. 521,533
e» claims.v (o1. 43-3)
Figure 11- is a perspective view of the housing
for the wing-actuating elements.
Figure 12 is 4a planview of the hinge plate for
`The present invention relates to new- and useful
improvements in decoys particularly for wild
ducks, geese and possibly other fowl, and has for
the wingsy with the arms of the wing-actuating .
its primary object to provide, ina manner ashere
inafter set forth, a device ofïthis character corn
elements connected thereto.
Figure 13 is a fragmentary detail sectional view
showing the method of mounting the head on the
prising novel means for utilizing the waves or
swells ofthe Water in which the device is placed
for flapping the'wings of said device in a natural,
Figurel 14 is a fragmentary elevational View
Another very important object of the inven 10. showing a contructional detail of a~wing-actuating'element, and
tion is to provide a mechanical decoy of the afore
Figure. 15 is a perspective view showing a con
mentioned character wherein the head is adapted
structional detail of the wing-actuating element.
to turn from side to side in simulation of a live
Referring now to the drawings in detail, it will
Still another very important object of the in
be seen that the embodiment of the invention
which has been illustrated comprises a body I of
suitable material. Extending upwardly into the
body I from the bottom thereof is a longitudi
nally elongated chamber 2. The walls of the
vention is to provide a decoy of' the character
described em'ioodying- a combination reel and an
chor of unique construction for retaining the de
vice and actuating the wings thereof.
chamber 2 are provided with a liningr 3 of suit
Other objects of the invention'. are to provide 20 able »metal.. The lining 3 includes out-turned
an animated decoy of. the character set forth
which will. be comparatively simple in construc
tion, strong, durable, attractive in appearance and
which may be manufacturedv at low cost.
All of the foregoing, and still further objects
and advantages of the invention, will become ap
parent from a study of the following speciñca
tion, taken in- connection with the accompanying
drawings, wherein like characters of reference .30
designate corresponding parts throughout the
several views, and wherein:
Figure 1 is a View in side elevation, showing a-
mechanical decoy in accordance with the present
invention in use.
Figure 2 is a side elevational view with a por
tion broken away in section, showing the combi
nation reel and anchor in position in the body
ofthe device.
Figure 3 is a View partially in side elevation. and
partially in vertical section, showing the decoy
in operation with the wings in raised position.
Figure 4 is a view in front elevationv of the
wings, showing said wings in lowered position.
Figure 5. is `a front elevational view,.showing the 45
wings in raised position.
‘I of the lining 3. Projecting upwardly from the
top 'Il of the lining 3 are inverted sockets ß, the
purpose of which will be presently set forth.
Mounted transversely in the» body I and rising
from the lining -3 _is a substantially segmental
housing 9 (Figs. 2, 3, and 11) which is also of
suitable metal. Depending from the top 'I of the
liningr 3 into the chamber 2 is a tubular guide Ill
which communicates with the housing 9.' A me
tallic plate II of substantially the shape shown
to advantage in Figure. 9 of the drawings is se
cured on vthev upper front. portion ofv the body I.
The plate II has formed. in its rear portion a
transversely` elongated opening. I2 which commu
nicates with: the. housing 9. The plate II com-y
prises a >substantially circular forward end por
tion I3¿ having a downturned, toothed peripheral
portion I4 which is fixed on the front portion I5
of the body I.
. Fixed on the forward. end portion I3- of the
IE (see Fig. 13) embodying a circular disc or
plate with an' upturned peripheral edge flange
and depending hub-neck I1. A stationary tube
|78 is mounted vertically in the front portion I5
of the body I and provides a _bearing for the neck
IT. Thel stationary tube` I8 terminates, at its
Figure 8 is a bottom plan view of the reel _and~
accommodate ‘countersunk securing screws 5.
Securing screws 6 are also provided in the top
plate I I is a substantially cup-shaped member
Figureß is a top plan view of the reel and an-l
Figure '7 is a view in side elevation of the reell
Iianges 4 which are engaged beneath the bottom
of the body I. Thel flanges 4 are apertured to
lower end; in a substantially oval. assembling and
- Figure 9 is a plan view of the top plate.
Figure l0 is a view in horizontal section, taken
substantially on the line ID-IU ofA Figure 2.
retaining enlargement I9 whichv is closed by the
forward end portion-of4 the ñange 4.
Journaled for rotation in the stationary tube I8
is a tube 20. A ball thrust bearing 2| supports
38 is a bail gripper 42 for the line 4|. The grip
per 42 is formed from a single length of resilient
the lower end of the inner tube 28 on the flange
wire which is formed at an intermediate point to
4. The tube 28 extends above the cup member
provide a coil 43 in which the line 4I is engaged
I6 and has iiXed thereon a duck head 22 with a 5 and frictionally secured. The gripper 42 further
pin 28’ through the lower end beneath the lower
includes, on its ends, trunnions 44 which are
end of the tube I8 in oval enlargement I9 to
iournaled in the posts 36. The base 3,5 is pro
keep the head from coming off by being displaced
vided with a centrally located thumb-receiving
upwardly, as seen in dotted lines in Figure
opening 45 to facilitate winding or unwinding the
line 4|. An opening 43 in the plate 40 accom
modates the guide I0.
,One-end of the anchor line 4I is connected to
2 of the drawings. Secured beneath the lower
end of the neck of the head 22 is an inverted
cup-shaped member 23 which telescopically re
ceives the upstanding cup member I6 and which
is rotatable thereon. The member 23 includes an
one end of a swivel 41. The other end of the
swivel 41 isv connected by a short line 48 to one
upstanding hub-neck 24 through and beyond 15 end of the chain 33.
which the tube 28 passes and is secured in the
It is thought that the operation of the device
upstanding tube or neck 24, as for example by
will be `readily apparent from a consideration of
the. foregoing. Briefly, the approximate depth of
friction, soldering or otherwise, so that the head
22 turns with the tube 20.
the water is ascertained and the anchor 34 is
Mounted transversely in the tube 20, between 20 removed from the chamber 2. Enough of the
the members I3 and 23, is a pin 25 (see Fig. 10).
line 4| is unreeled to permit the anchor 34 to
The end portions of the pin 25 are engageable
rest on the bottom while the body I lioats on the
with stops 23 in the cup member I6 for positively
surface, of the water with the wings 28 in lowered
limiting swinging movement of the head 2,2 in
position, as illustrated in Figure l of the draw
opposite directions.
It will be observed that the
head assembly (parts 23, 24, and 20) is adapted
to turn freely, aided by the ball bearing 2|,
Mounted longitudinally on the plate II and
traversing the opening I2 therein is a wing an
The line 4I is engaged inthe gripper 42
for preventing any more of said line than is
needed from being unwound. Now, as the body
I rises and falls on the waves or swells, the wings
28 are caused to flap or swing .upwardly and
choring and hinging plate 21 of substantially the 30 downwardly by the anchor 34, the line 4I, the
elongated shape shown in Figure 12 of the draw
elements 33, 3-2, 30, et cetera. Also, the head 22
ings. Wings 28 are mounted for vertical swing
will be free to swing from side to side in a lifelike
ing movement on the plate 21.
Cushions or
bumpers 29 are' provided on the body I for the
wings 28. Wings 28 are mounted on frames 28’
having substantially U-shaped arms 3U of suit
able wire, the frames 428’ forming out-turned up
per ends 3U’ at the tops of the arms, which out
turned portions 39' are fixed to the wings and
hinged to pivotally mount the same on the pivot
If it so happens that the water is not
sufficiently rough to actuate the wings 28, this
may be manually accomplished by connecting an
auxiliary line 4I’ to the line 48. When the decoy
is taken out of the water, the line 41 is rewound
on the posts v36 and 31 and the anchor 34 isy re
placed in the chamber 2 where it is retained by
engagement of the heads 38 in the sockets 8._ An
ears or sleeves of the hinge plate 21. The arms
arrow 49 (see Fig. 8) on the bottom of the base
30 are crossed and said arms are operable in the
35 facilitates insertion of the anchor 34 in the
chamber 2 in the correct position. Guide slots
upper portion of the housing 9 through the open
50 are provided in the plate 48 for the line 4I.
ing I2 in the plate II on opposite sides of the
hinge plate 21. Rubber sleeves 3| are provided 45 It is believed that the many advantages of a
on the legs of one of the arms 30 for engagement
mechanical decoy constructed in accordance with
by the corresponding portions of the other of said
the present invention will .be readily understood,
arms. Links 32 have one end provided `with
loops or eyes as shown, p-ivotally connected or
i and although a preferred embodiment of the
device is as illustrated and described, it is to be
.iournaled on the bight portions of the substan 50 understood that changes in the details of con
struction and in the combination and arrange
tially U-shaped arms »30. A chain 33, which is
operable in the guide I3, is connected at one end
ment of parts may be resorted to which will fall
to a shackle `32a which engages pivotally with the
within the scope of the invention as claimed.
What is claimed is:
other ends of the links 32.
l. A decoy of the character described Compris
The chamber 2 accommodates a removable an~ 55
ing a buoyant body adapted to be supported on
chor 34. The anchor 34 includes a relatively
heavy base 35 in the form of a metallic plate
the surface of water, wings hingedly mounted on
which conforms substantially to the shape of
said body, an anchor, means including aline con
nesting the wings to the anchor for actuation
the chamber 2 in the lower portion of which it is
thereby, said line being windable on the anchor,
engageable. Rising from the base 35 are posts
33 and 31. Resilient heads 38 are mounted on
and means for detachably securing the anchor
the upper ends of the posts 33 for snapping en
to the' body with the line wound thereon.
gagement in the sockets 8 (see full lines Fig. 3
2. A decoy of the character described compris
and dotted line assembly Fig. 2) for releasably
ing a buoyant body, wings hingedly mounted on
securing the anchor 34 in position in the cham
said body, a chamber in the body, an anchor
ber 2. Thumb and ñnger receiving recesses 39
engageable in the chamber, means including a
are provided in the end portions of the base 35
line connecting the wings to the anchor for actu
to facilitate removing said base from the cham
ation thereby, means on the anchor for winding
ber 2.
the line thereon, and means for releasably secur
Fixed on the posts 36 and 31 in spaced relation
ing the anchor in the chamber with `the line
above the base 35 is a substantially diamond
wound on the Second-named means.
shaped plate 40. The members 35, 36, 31, and 40
3. A decoy of the character described compris
constitute a reel on which an anchor line 4I is
ing a buoyant body, wings hingedly mounted on
adapted to be wound.
said body, a chamber in the lower portion of the
Mounted for swinging movement on the posts 75 body, said chamber being open at the bottom of
the body, an anchor engageable in the chamber,
coacting head and socket elements on the anchor
and in the chamber for releasably securing the
anchor in said chamber, means including a line
connecting the wings to the anchor for actuation
thereby, reel means for the line on the anchor,
and a guide for the line in the chamber.
communicating with the housing, said chamber
being open at the bottom of the body, wings
hingedly mounted on the body, arms fixed on
the Wings and operable in the housing, links con
nected to said arms, an anchor engageable in
the chamber, means including a line connecting
the links to the anchor for actuating the wings,
and means for releasably securing the anchor in
4. A decoy of the character described compris
the chamber, the line being Windable on the
ing a buoyant body, Wings hingedly mounted on
said body, a chamber in the lower portion of the 10 last-named means.
6. A decoy of the character described compris
body, sockets in the chamber, an anchor engage
ing a buoyant body, a plate-like member mounted
able in the chamber, posts on the anchor, means
beneath said body, a tube extending vertically
including a line connecting the Wings to the
through the body, a. tubular shaft journaled in
anchor for actuation thereby when said anchor is
saidvtube, a ball bearing supporting the lower end
disengaged from the ychamber, said line being
of the tubular shaft on the plate-like member,
windable around the posts, and heads on certain
a head ñxed on the upper end portion of the
of the posts engageable in the Sockets for releas
tubular shaft for horizontal oscillation relative
ably securing the anchor in the chamber.
to the body, and means for limiting the movement
5. A decoy of the character described compria
ing a buoyant body, a vertical housing in said 20 of said head relative to said body.
body, a chamber in the lower portion of the body
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