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Dec. 31? 1946.
s. D. RUSSELL
2,413,522
BALING MEANS
Filed July 26,- 1943
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INVENTOR
ATTORNEY.
Patented Dec. 31, 1946
2,413,522
UNITED STATES PATENT oFFlcE
l2,413,522
BALING MEANS
Stanley D.~ Russell, Racine, Wis., lasslgnor to J. I.
< Case Company, Racine, Wis., a corporation
Application July 26, 1943, Serial N0. 496,138 ‘
2 Claims.
(Cl. loll-19)
l
2
The present invention relates to baling and
more particularly to baling fibrous material such
Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig.»2, showing a
further modified construction.
As seen in Fig. 1 the baling machine has a bale
as hay, straw and the like and an object of the
invention is to generally improve the methods
case or chamber generally designated as I0 which
and apparatus for performing this work. In
may be of anysuitable or well-known type in
baling hay and other forage crops, weather con
which is reciprocable a plunger II, the plunger
ditions and other factors at times make rit vir
being moved back and forth in chamber I0 by
tually impossible to bale the material when it
means of a pitman I2 connected with suitable
has the proper moisture content. Under these
or well-known mechanism not shown and form
conditions there is always the temptation to 10 ing no part of the present invention. Bale cham
bale the material when it is too damp. If this
ber I0 in the present instance has a feed opening
is done, the chances are that the bales will spoil,
I3, Fig. 2, in one side thereof and toward which
particularly in the center due to molding caused
extends a movable apron I4 which conveys
by the excess moisture and lack of access of air
fibrous material in well-known manner toward
to the interior of the bales. If ventilation of the 15 opening I3. Plunger II is shown blocking open
interior of the bale could be provided, this excess
ing I3 but periodically moves to the dotted posi
moisture could be dissipated after the bale was
tion shown clear of the feed opening so that
formed and stored away from the weather. Thus
material moving with apron I 4 toward opening
the material could be successfully baled with a
I3 is projected into baling chamber Ill. The
higher moisture content than has heretofore 20 return stroke of plunger II compresses this ma
been feasible. The material then could “cure” at
terial in chamber I0 in well-known manner,
least in part in the bale and it would be pos
again momentarily blocking opening I3. Toward
sible to successfully make hay under conditions
the end of the compressing stroke, a knife I5 on
of excessive humidity which might prevent the
plunger II cooperates with a .cutting block or
operation with known expedients. Also other 25 shear plate I6 on chamber I0 to cut oii‘ the
uses for an opening in baled material might pre
material caught in opening I3 by advance of
sent themselves and therefore the principal object
plunger II.
of the invention is to provide suitable mecha
Repetition of this action, as is shown in Fig. 1,
nism for producing a passageway in baled mate
results in a series of separate bodies of fibrous
30 material being compressed against each other
rial.
Further objects are to provide a simple and
into a virtually continuous body of baled mate
inexpensive expedient for achieving this object;
rial, the separate parts or “feeds” remaining to a
such an expedient which is applicable to known
certain extent independent because of the cutting
baling mechanisms and such an expedient w'hich
action of knife I5.
will require a minimum of alteration when the 35
In the baler shown, this body of baled material
is separated from time to time by fingers or slot
ters I1 and I8 inserted into chamber I0 at inter
device is supplied as original equipment or as an
attachment for balers already built.
The manner in which these objects are accom
’
vals in well-known manner so as to be caught and
plished is shown in the accompanying drawing
baled into the compressed material. Slottersv
in which a satisfactory embodiment of the inven 40 I l and I8 move with the baled material to an open
tion is shown. However, it is to be understood
portion I0* of baling chamber I0 whereupon
that the invention is not limited to the details
wires as I9 are passed through grooves 20 and 2|
disclosed but includes all such variations and
in the slotters and fastened around the bales ln
modifications as fall within the spirit of the in
well-known manner not necessary to further
vention as herein expressed.
45
describe.
_.
In the drawing
Figure 1 represents a vertical axial sectional
The construction and operation of the ma
chine as so far described is shown and described
view ol.' so much of a baling machine as necessary
in detail in applicant’s co-pending patent No.
2,362,861, Issued November 14, 1944, for Baler.
to illustrate the invention.
Fig. 2 is a horizontal sectional view taken sub 50
In the present instance in order to form the
above mentioned Ventilating openings, a punch
stantially on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
22 preferably although not necessarily provided
Fig. 3 is a. perspective view of a bale made with
with a reduced end portion 23 is provided and
the mechanism disclosed.
fixed with a head portion 24 of plunger II by
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 1 showing a
modified application of the invention.
55 any suitable means such for example as a screw
8,418,588
28 extending through head 2l and engaged with
in punch 22, a washer 2B being interposed it de
4
sired. Punch 22' is conveniently made round
'I‘he modiiication of P18. 5 is Preferably identi
cal with the structure o! Fig. 2, except for the
provision of a plurality of punches I8 and Il.
although other shapes might -be considered as
and therefore the same reference characters
within the scope of the invention. Punch 21 also 5 have-been applied to the parts corresponding to
Fig. 2. This arrangement is ot utility under cir
' is preferably made somewhat longer than the
cumstances such that a single opening in the
bale is deemed insuillcient.
The above being a complete description o!
thickness of a single “feed" oi ilbrous material.
The punch forms an opening through each feedl
as it is compressed into the bale, the openings
registering with each other so as to form a con
l0 typical working embodimentsbf thc invention,
tinuous passageway 21 through the baled mate
rial and which will be open to the atmosphere
what is claimed as new and desired to be secured
by Letters Patent o! the United States is:
1. In a baler, the combination of a haling
shown in Fig. 8. By having punch 22 long
chamber, a plunger therein. means for feeding
enough to penetrate at least part way through u material to be baled into the chamber for com
at either end of each individual bale as clearly
a previous feed, the punch operates to insure
pression by said plunger, spaced slotters adapted
a complete registration of the several holes and
to be inserted at intervals into the chamber for
separating the resulting bales and a punch rigid
a clean passageway in the resulting bale.
'ly mounted on said plunger positioned to pene
It is to be noted that, owing to the spacing
between slotters l1 and I8. punch 22 may ex 20 trate the material being baledv at a position be
tend as iar as desired without contacting or in
tween said spaced slotters,v said punch project
ing at all times from the face of said plunger and
terfering with the slotters, and it is also noted
being of a length to pass entirely through one
that a plurality of punches as 22, are'contem
plated where desirable, as within the scope of ',feed of material, and to penetrate at least part
25 way through a previous feed whereby repeated
the invention.
The invention is not considered as limited to
strokes of said plunger and punch result in a
use with the type of balers shown in Figs. 1 and
continuous opening through each bale and which
2, but may also be used with older type balers
opening remains when the bale is removed from
utilizing conventional ballng blocks for separat
the machine.
ing the bales. Such a construction is shown in
2. In a baler, the combination of a baling
Fig. 4 in which a hailing chamber 28 has a feed
chamber, a plunger therein, means for feeding
opening or hopper 29 through which material
material to be baled into the chamber for com
and division blocks as 30 are introduced into.
pression by said plunger, spaced slotters adapted
chamber 28. A plunger 3| is actuated by a pit
to be inserted at intervals into the chamber for
man .32 and has a punch 33 ñxed with a head 35 separating the resulting. bales and a plurality
34 of the plunger in a manner similar to above
‘ of punches rigidly mounted on said plunger posi
mentioned plunger 22 as by a screw 35.
tioned to penetrate the material being baled at
To prevent interference of block 30 with>
plunger/34, an opening 3B is provided in each
block and which is preferably generous enough' 40
to provide for free travel of punch 33 even
though block 80 may vary somewhat from its '.
usual or intended position. The operation of
punch 33 is substantially identical with that of
punch 22 above described, the resulting bales 45
having a passageway 31 therethrough which
v
provides for ventilation of_ the interior in the
manner above described, or for other purposes.
positionsy spaced from said slotters, said punches
projecting at all times from the face of said
plunger and being of a lengthto pass entirely
through one ieed'of material. and to penetrate
at least partway through the _previous feed
whereby repeated strokes of said plunger and
punches result in continuous openings through
each bale and which openings remain when the
bale is removed from the machine.
STANLEY D. RUSSELL.
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