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'Dec. 31, 1946.
Filed April 14, 1941
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58 a 356/ 80‘5 ?J
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
/ 22
Dec. 31, 1946.
Filed. April 14, 1941
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
Dec. 31,1946.
Filed April 14, 1941.
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3 Sheets-Sheet 5
Patented Dec. 31, 1946
Morris Spector, Chicago, Ill., assignor to Spec
tor Patents, Inc., Chicago, Ill.,v a corporation of Illinois
Application April 14, 1941, Serial No.v388,440
3 Claims. (Cl. 226-4)
I alternate books and therefore permitting a higher
This application is a continuation in part of
my copending application, Serial No. 381,166, ?led
speed of operation. Since the reversing mecha
nism is apart from the transfer mechanism it
February 28, 1941, issued December 26, 1944, as
Patent No. 2,365,733.
This invention relates to assembling mecha
also may have a high speed of operation. While
one match'book is being transferred to the stack
ing mechanism the next succeeding book is in the
nism for match book making machines.
process of reversal. Furthermore, since the re
vIt is one of the objects of the present inven
versing mechanism is apart from the transfer
tion to provide an improved mechanism for as
mechanism the actuating gearing for the revers
sembling match books. As commonly construct- '
ed, owing to the heads of the matches being po 10 ing mechanism need not be made as small as in
the case where the reversing mechanism is com
sitioned at one end of the books, the match books
bined with the transfer mechanism. Larger
are thinner at one end than at the other and
gearing eliminates the need of extreme precau
it is therefore necessary that the match books be
tions as to precision and therefore avoids a large
alternated preparatory to packing, thatris, the
of play developing after a small amount
thicker end of one book be positioned between
of wear of the hearings or teeth.
the thinner ends of the adjacent books on oppo
The books are delivered. by the match book
_ site sides thereof.
making machine in a step by step manner, there
When match books are delivered by a match
being a period of dwell between each successive
book making machine they travel in a straight
line, one behind the other, with the thin ends of 20 movement of the match book. The step by step
movement of the match book is necessitated be
all the books facing in the same direction. It
cause each book is advanced successively to the
has been proposed to reverse alternate books by
different operating mechanisms for forming the
a transfer mechanism which transfers the books
book, with a period of dwell at each operating
from the match making portion of the machine to
the stacking portion thereof, said transfer mech 25 mechanism. In accordance with the principles.
of the present invention a turn table is positioned
anism beingarranged to reverse alternate books.
to receive each successively completed match
The transfer mechanism comprises a rotatable
book from the match book making machine. The
polygonal shaped frame having a number of re
table'is interposed between the match book
ceivers or pockets on the periphery thereof each
making machine and the transfer frame or tur
of which receives a match book and transfers
ret which transfers the books to a stacking mech
it to the stacking mechanism. In one form of
anism. The turntable is arranged to rotate
mechanism, such as shown in the patent to Nev
180° for-each alternate book received
ins, No. 1535031, the alternate receivers are ro
thereby, during the period of dwell between suc
tatable so that alternate match books are re
versed as they are moved from-the assembling w cessive movements of the book. On the inter
vening alternate books received by the turn table
line to the stacking mechanism. Such an ar
the turn table remains stationary. Thus the
rangement is quite satisfactory in a medium or
turn. table reverses the position of alternate
low speed machine. However, if the machine is
books. Any desired means may be provided for
to be operated at a very high speed then alter
rotating the turn table through its 180°. One
nate match books which are being reversed as
suitable means is by a cam arrangement driven
well as moved towards the assembling mecha
by the main shaft of the match book making ma
nism must be moved at a terri?cally high veloc-v
chine so that the rotation of the reversing table
ity. This is objectionable. In addition, the
is always in proper phase relationship to the
means for reversing alternate pockets must neces
movement of the match books delivered by the
sarily be located within the polygonal frame.
match book making machine. If desired, an elec
This necessitates a comparatively large frame
may be provided for turning the turn
and, at the same time, imposes the condition that
table 180° for each energiz'ation of the magnet.
the gearing be very small and therefore cut- with
magnet can be energized "in proper time, rte-'3
a high ‘degree of _-1:irecis'ionl.-v Any wear on the 50 The
tothel‘mo‘ve'm'ent'of they match books‘!v
gears will produceplay'or' back-‘lash whiol'if-is“.
'iI-t-Zis- ‘one of the objects of the present‘inven
tion ‘toiprovide a' reversing mechanism in addi
tionito the transfer mechanism thus relieving
the transfer mechanism of the duty of reversing
by a switch controlled by‘a cam driven by the?
main shaft of the match book making'ma‘chine.
In any event, regardless of the speci?c mecha
nism used for' turning’the' turn table or match
book making mechanism, the arrangement is
successive 180° turns of the turn table may be in
Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional
view taken along the line G-4 of Figure 2;
Figure 5 is an enlarged plan view of a portion
of ‘the reversing mechanism, with certain of the
opposite directions so that the turn table merely
oscillates through a 180° arc, the arrangement
parts‘ioroken away;
Figure 6 is a bottom view vof the, forward end
being such that successive oscillations of the turn
table shall take place when alternate books are
of a pusher bar of Figure 4;
Figure 7 is a fragmentary side view of the end
of the pusher bar of a modi?ed construction; and
Figure 8 is a top view of the bar of Figure 7.
such that only alternate books are turned. If
desired successive rotations of the turn table may
be in the same direction or, as an alternative,
in the turn table, the turn table beingstationary
during the entire intervals when-the intervening
Reference may now be had. more particularly
alternate books are in the turn table;
to Figures 1 and 2. The mechanism of the pres
In the preferred embodiment of the present
ent invention is applied to a standard type of
invention herein illustrated the pusher mecha
nism for advancing the books step by step has ‘
match book‘ making machine, indicated at I. The
a locus of motion which intersects the locus -'of* > machine may be of any preferred construction,
and manufactures match books of a well known
motion of the book reversing mechanism. In the
ordinary operation of the machine the pusherv
type, such as, for instance, are manufactured
mechanism is out of the way of the reversing
by the machine of the patent to Paridon, et al.,
No. 1,042,472, although the match book making
mechanism at the time of the rotation of the
reversingr mechanism. Also, the reversing mecha 20 machine of Figure l'is speci?cally a different type
ctr-machine. The machine includes a rectangular
nism completes its cycle of motionv before "the
table top 2 supported by four legs 3. A motor
pusher mechanism is moved into the path of
driven "main drive shaft 4 is journalled on the
motion ofthe reversing mechanism. When the
under side of the tabletop 2 and has keyed there
machine is. operated by unskilled operators‘ it
to various camsfor operating thematch book
sometimes happens thatv match books jam; When
making machine which form no part of the pres
this occurs the reversing mechanism maybe held
ent invention. It is sufficient to sayv that the
in an'intermediate position by the jammed match
books and thus be held directly‘ in the path of
movement of the pusher'mechanism. As the
pusher mechanism is then advanced it may abut
the reversing‘mechanism; It is oneof the objects
of the present invention to provide means fer
preventing injury to ‘the pusher’ mechanism' in
the event ‘of such abutment.‘ In accordance with
the preferred ‘embodiment‘of the present inven
tion the portion of > the pusher mechanism-which
will abut the reversingmechanism‘under"such
circumstances is resiliently mounted so thatit
moves out, of the way‘ as the pusher. bar advances
against - anabutment, such'as against the jammed
reversing mechanism; Thisprevents injury-to the
pusher bar. Thereafter-,when the jammed match
match book covers 6 and match splints l are as
sembled together at a station indicated at 8 and.
then slid along a flat slide 10 to astapling posi
tion l I, where the match splints are centered be
tween the ends of the cover by centering arms
I2-l2, and a wire staple I3 is inserted to staple
the-match. splints to the cover. This completes
the.» match book. The match book is then slid
forward along the slide Hi ‘to a. reversing position
in a reversing mechanism i5. All of the. books
leaving the stapling positicni i are inalignment
with one another with the stapled end, that is,
40 the thin end of the book, foremost. Therevers-l
ing mechanism reverses alternate books so that
on’ the books reversed the stapled end is rearward
of themachine rather than forwardly of the
books‘ are removed and the-reversing mechanism
is ‘brought to itsproper position; the pusher bar
machine. The books are then slid forward to
springs'back'to its normal position. In’ the me 43 a transfer mechanism I6 from which they are
transferred by a stacking mechanism [8 which
ferred' embodiment of the: present invention the
forward : abutting portion or the pusherr‘bar is’
stacks them on a delivery table l9. When a row
hinged to therest of the pusher bar and urged to
of twenty-?ve books, or any other suitable num
its normal- position by a spring. If the hinged
ber of books, has been delivered to the table It
?nger-comes‘intoabutment with the jammed re
a pusher 20 pushes the row of books forward,
versing mechanism. the hinged part merely piv~
thus making room for thenext row of twenty
ots'out of' the way as the pusher ?nger advances.
?vebooks, as is well known in the art.
Thereafter; when the jam‘is removed, the spring‘
restores‘the hinged ?nger to'its normal position.
This prevents injury to :the mechanism. If de
sired, the pin that hinges the pusher ?nger to
the rest of the pusher mechanism may be made
of rather frangible material, or may be >made‘
rather weak, so that the pin will shear before
any'other part of ‘the machine is injured, in the
event of a jam. This sheared pin is'readily re
placeable once the jam has been cleared.
The attainment of the above and further, ob
J'ects~ of the present. invention will .be apparent
from the following speci?cation. . ..
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a front view'of a machine embody-
The match books in the process of formation;
and also after completion, are advanced on the
slide 10 by-a pair of pusher bars 22 that embrace
the slide ID and each of which has a plurality
of. upwardly extending ?ngers 24 and Y25 a dis
tance apart equal to the length of the stroke of‘
the pusher bars. The pusher bars are illustrated
in Figure 2 in their foremostposition. In the
operationof the machine the pusher is actuated
from the main shaft 4 in such- a manner that
the, ?ngers 24 move downwardly. below the top of
the slide I0 and then back for the full length of
the stroke, then [up again and forward to the
position» illustrated in Figures 2 and 4. This type
of motion may be obtained by any one of a num
ber of. well known types .of mechanisms, for in
stance, the mechanismshown vin United States
machine :whicharenot a part-of the present inea 70 patent. to Greenbaum, et al'.,.No. 1,694,505. This.
vention being :omitted; ,
completes one cycle of travel of: they pusherbars,
Figure 2 is afragmentary plan *viewofa part
eachcycle resulting in thetadvancement of a set
thereof; of-‘three-match books tojthe next succeeding po
Figure-:3 isv anyenlargedv'front view ofwa part
sition; The ?ngers 24' are rigid with respect to
thereof ;".
75 thev pusher" bar ‘constituting an integral; part
ing therpresent invention,,.certain parts» of the;
thereof. The foremost ?ngers 25 are, however,
pivoted on the pusher bars 22 for reasons which
willbe apparent as the description proceeds. For
the present it is sufficient to state that the fore
most pusher ?ngers 25 are pivoted to the pusher
bars 22 by pivot pins 29 and are each biased to
their normal position, illustrated in Figures 2
and 4, by springs 21. The spring for each pusher
?nger 25 is of sufficient stiffness to prevent coun
ter-clockwise movement of the pusher ?nger 25 10
by the match book.
Thereafter, as the pusher .
bars advance, the foremost ?ngers 25 push the
foremost match book forward as though the ?n
revolutions of the shaft 4, the shaft 51 oscillates '
back and forth once, thus advancing the link
55 and the gear sector once and then returning
to the position illustrated in Figure 5. As the
link 55 moves to the right from the position illusL
trated in Figures 2 and 5, it rotates the gear
sector 33 clockwise and rotates the gear wheel
35 counter-clockwise. The cam 59 and the link
age between the roller 58’ and the gear sector
33 are so proportioned that the stroke of the
gear sector ‘33 is an amount just su?icient to ro-'
tate the gear wheel 35'through an angle of 180'’.
During that time the arm 38 and pawl 39 rotate
through an angle of I80", the pawl rides upon the
gers 25 were rigid with the bars 22. However,
when the foremost ?ngers 25 engage a rigid ob 15 ratchet wheel 4| and produces no motion at the
ratchet. Upon the reverse movement of the link .
struction they pivot out of the way and permit
55, that is, upon its movement to the left, from
the advance of the pusher ?ngers notwithstand
its extreme right hand position to the position
ing the obstruction, as will be apparent as this
illustrated in Figure 5, the pawl 39 engages the
description proceeds.
A description will now be given of the con 20 ratchet wheel 4| and moves that wheel through
an angle exactly 180".
struction of the reversing mechanism l5 for re
When the shaft 51 oscillates in one direction‘
versing alternate match books. The reversing
it moves the lever 55 and through it a pawl 39
mechanism is supported on a standard 28 rigidly
in one direction. Upon reverse oscillatory move
mounted on the table top 2. A pair of ledges or
brackets 29-39 are welded or otherwise secured 25 ment of the shaft 51 the pawl 39 is moved in the
reverse direction. The cam 59 which, through
to the standard 28. A stud shaft 32 is journalled
the lever 58, oscillates the shaft 51, is arranged
between the brackets 29-30 and carries a gear
so that the oscillation thereof in one direction is
sector 33 rotatable about the axis of the stud
produced during approximately 75° of circular
shaft 32. The teeth of the sector 33 are in mesh
with a gear wheel 35 that is loose on a stud shaft 30 motion of the cam 59. During the next 285° ro
tation of the cam 59 the shaft 51 is oscillated in
36 and which‘ is of a radius half the radius of
the reverse direction. It is obvious, therefore,
the gear sector 33. The lower surface of the
that during somewhat less than one-fourth of
gear wheel 35 has anarm 38 secured thereto and
each revolution of the cam 59 the gear wheel 35
which rotates with the gear wheel 35. The arm.
38 has a pawl 39 pivotally secured thereto, which
is rotated in one direction and during the re
pawl engages a ratchet 4| keyed to the stud
mainder of the 360° of rotation of the cam 59 the
gear wheel 35 is rotated in the opposite direc
tion. Only one direction of rotation of the gear
shaft 36.
The ratchet has two teeth thereon.
The ratchet 41 rotates the shaft 36 which car
wheel is used to turn the match book receiver
ries, at its lower end, a match book receiver or
turn table 42. The receiver 42 is rotated with 4:0 42. The driving motion of the receiver 42 is
during the 75° rotation of the cam 59. It is thus
the stud shaft 36. The receiver 42 includes a‘
apparent that the receiver is rotated through
pair of arms 43—44 adapted to embrace a match
180° during approximately 150° turn of the main
book 45 and hold the same lightly as by a small
shaft 4 and that the receiver 42 remains sta
plate 46 which is pressed toward the match book
tionary during the remaining turn of the shaft
by a very light spring. The match book is thus
may be slight differences in the widths of sue:
4 and during all of the next succeeding revolu
tion of the shaft 4. Thus, for one cycle of move
cessive match hooks delivered.
ment of a match book the receiver remains en~
held lightly in the receiver 42, even though there
The axis of the
stud shaft 36 is at right angles to the slide I9
tirely stationary and for the next cycle of move
and passes exactly through the center of the ,
ment of a match book the receiver rotates
through an angle of 180° during less than half
of the cycle of rotation of the shaft 4 and re
match book 45 in the receiver 42. The reversing
mechanism is rotatable to rotate the receiver 42
through an angle exactly 180". Means is provided
for centering the receiver 42 in its two alternate
mains stationary during the rest of the cycle.v
Thus there is a substantial period of dwell of
positions to make up for any slight wear on the '
the receiver during each revolution of the shaft’
4. This period of dwell allows sufficient time for
This means comprises a disc 48 having
pushing a book out of the receiver and advanc
ing a succeeding book into it. Thus alternate
match books are reversed on the slide l9 while
that has a rounded nose adapted to enter the
groove 49 and force the disc 48 to its proper. 60 resting on the slide. During the counter-clock
wise turning of the gear wheel 35, that is, when
centering position under the action of a spring 52. ~
the pawl 39 is being retracted on the ‘ratchet
The gear sector 33 is oscillated to and fro
wheel 4| without turning it, the spring pressed
through an angle of 90° by a link 55 that is re»
ciprocated longitudinally by a lever 56 keyed to‘ _ pawl 50 holds the disc 48 stationary, thus pre
a pivoted shaft 51 that is oscillated by a crank 65 venting movement of the receiver 42.
The successive match books are pushed from
58 keyedthereto and which carries a roller at
the reversing mechanism to the transfer mecha
its lower end that rides on a cam 59 keyed on at;
stud shaft EO‘driven by the main shaft 4 at ex-H' nism IS. The transfer mechanism 15 comprises
actly half‘the speed of the main shaft 4 through - a frame ‘I9 keyed to a rotatable shaft ‘H and.
having four identical uniformly spaced match
a set of gears lit-62. The shaft 51 is moved‘.
two grooves 49 inthe periphery thereof exactly
180° apart, which receive a centering pawl '59
in one direction by the cam and in the reverse
direction’ by a spring 63. The shaft 4 makes
one complete revolution for each book delivered
book holders 12, each of which is similar to the
receiver 42, on the periphery of theframe I9.
' The frame is driven from the main shaft 4
through an angle of 90° 7 for every revolution of’
revolution of the shaft 60, that is, for every two 75 the main shaft 4. This is accomplished by- a
by the match book making machine I. With each
2, excise-9.
pawl and ratchet ‘drive. The ratchet is indicated _
at ~15 and is keyed to the shaft ‘Hand has four
ratchet teethv uniformly spaced thereon. The
or in injury of-the- mechanism that ‘drives-the
ratchet teeth are engaged by a pawl 15' on a‘
Assume now that the receiver is jammed in a
position at an angle to the position illustrated in
crank which is loose on the, shaft ‘H and is oscil- 1
lated by, a pawl rod 19 which is moved down
of movement of the ?ngers 25 at the ends of the
by a lever TI pivoted to one of the legs 3 at 18 -
pusher bars 22.
Figures 2 and 4. It is now directly in the path
When the pusher bars 22 are
pushed to the right from the position illustrated
and actuated-by a cam 19 onthe ‘shaft 4. A
in Figure 4 they ?ngers 25 abut against the-re
spring 89 moves the pawl rod ~16 in the reverse
direction. During each revolution of the cam 10 ceiver 42. Further movement of the pusher bars 1
19 the shaftf‘llv is moved through one-quarter
revolution with'a period of dwell between>suc~
cessive turnings of the shaft 'H.- The period ‘ofdwell exceeds half of the period of one revolutionv
of the shaft 4. The match book holders 12 thus
transfer the successive match books, from the
level of the slide Ill through 90° to the level of a
stacking table l9.
A stacking mechanism is provided for discharg
ing successive books from the transfer mecha
nism to the stacking table. The stacking mecha
nism comprises a pair of interconnected hori
zontally reciprocating rods 82-452 having ?ngers
B3—83 at their ends. During the period of dwell
of the frame 10, while one match book is being
delivered to the uppermost holder 12 of the frame, _
the rods 82 move the ?ngers 83 in a direction
from right to left as seen in Figures 2 and 3, to
22, causes the ?ngers 25 to pivot about the pins
26, against the action of the leaf spring 21-.‘
When a ?nger 25 has been thus turned through",
an angle exceeding approximately 45° the spring:
21 forces the finger to snap further in a counter
clockwise direction until the surface 90 of-the
?nger abuts against the spring 21. They spring
then maintains the ?nger 25 in a horizontal
position where it is out of the way of the re
ceiver 42. Further to and fro reciprocation of
the pusher bars 22 can result in no injury of the
?ngers 25, since they are now permanently out
of the way of the sides of the receiver 42. In
the meantime completed match books are piling
up rearwardly of the receiver 42 and being
crushed by the arms 24. The operator notices
this and. stops ‘the machine. Thereafter the
match books that were crushed during the jam
push the match book from the holder 12 onto
can be removed, and the source of trouble reme
the delivery table l9. Match books are thus 30 died. Then the pusher ?ngers 25 are rotated
about the pins 26 in a clockwise direction until
stacked on the table one against another with
they resume the position illustrated in Figure 4'.‘
alternate books reversed so that the thin end of
In this position the leaf spring snaps against the
one book is betwen the thick end of two ad
lower flat surface 9! of the pusher ?ngers 25 and
jacent books and with the flaps of all the books
facing in the same direction.
holds it in the position illustrated, against the
normally light counter-pressure of match books
An explanation will now be given of the opera
which will be pushed thereby.
tion of the vmachine under abnormal conditions.
It is to be noted that the front face of each’
Assume that an obstruction has been moved into
pusher ?nger 25 is rounded, as indicated at 92.
the path of motion of the rotating receiver 42v
which prevents complete rotation thereof. Such 40 Thus when the pusher ?nger engages the thick
an obstruction may consist of a large number
of packets or booklets of matches which may
have become jammed in the machine. The cam
end of a book, namely, an end such as 94 (Fig. 4)
there is no tendency for the match book to rise
59, it is to be noted, rotates the shaft 51 positively
in one direction, that is, in the clockwise direc
tion. As the cam pushes the roller 58’ outwardly
from the axis of the shaft 59 it pushes the lever
as the book is being pushed between'the gripping
along the pushing surface of the pusher ?nger
jaws of the receiver 42.
In Figures 7 and 3 I have illustrated a modi
?ed construction of the pusher ?ngers 25. vIn
55 in the direction to the right, as seen in Fig
this construction each pusher ?nger, indicated at
25’, .is pivoted to a pusher bar 22 by a pivot ‘pin
ures l, 2, 3 and 5. This movement of the lever
26, as before. The lower end of the pusher ?nger
55 to the right causes rotation of the gear sector
33 (Fig. 5) andv a corresponding rotation of the
25' extends below the forward narrow'edge 95
of the pusher bar 22 and has a pin 96 which re
gear 95 in mesh therewith. It is to be noted that
ceives the end of a tension spring 91 that is se
the gear 35 does not rotate the receiver 42.
cured to a pin 98 on the pusher bar 22. The
Therefore this rotation of the gear 35 can and
does‘ take place notwithstanding the fact that 55 spring pulls the pusher ?nger in a clockwise di
the receiver 42 is jammed. Later, when the apex
rection until the pin 96 abuts against’ the for
ward extending part 95 of the pusher bar 22,
of the cam- 59- passes the roller 53'- (Fig. 3) and
continues to rotate, it permits the spring 63 to
thus constituting a stop for limiting the extent‘
of clockwiserotation of the pusher ?nger 25.’
press the roller 58’ towards the cam 59 and thus
pull the lever 55 in a direction to the left as seen 60 about the pin 25. The pusher ?nger 25'is then
in the position illustrated in Figure 7. When the
receiver 42. jams and is held in a position in the
path of movement of a ?nger 25' as thepusher
ceiver 42 is jammed against rotation it does not
rod moves forward, there will be no injury to the
rotate and, through the gear 35, prevents rota
65 mechanism. -Under such circumstances the ?n
tion of' the gear sector 33 and prevents move-'
geri25’ engages the receiver 42. Upon further
ment of the lever 55 to the left, thus preventing
advance of the pusher bars 22 the ?nger25’ is
in Figures 1, 2,. 3 and 5.
It is this movement
that tends to rotate the'receiver 42.
If the re—
the link 56 from rotating in a direction counter:
turned in a counter-clockwise direction; by the
clockwise as seen in Figures and thereby pre-j
receiver until the ?nger reaches-a horizontal DQ7
venting the roller 58.'_ ‘from following the cam 70 sition. At this time the pin 95 ‘has risen above
59, The .cam 59 thus recedes from" the .roller
58’, Since the spring isineife‘ctive to maintain it
in contact with the cam, due. to the fact that the
receiver 42 isilockedg rI‘hus, any jammingiof the
receiver. cannot result in injury of the receiver.
the pin 26 so that the spring 91 now urges-the
?nger 25' in a counter~c1ockwise direction, thus
tending- to hold the ?nger 25' in {the lower. p0?
sition to which it has been pushedy'by theree
, ceiver 42.: A suitablestop 99 is provided for lime
iting the counter-clockwise rotation of the ?n
gers 25’. The ?ngers thus remain in their low
ferent operations are performed upon the books
in the processof manufacture, a pusher mecha
25 crosses the path of motion of the receiver 42,
there can be no injury to the parts in the event
of a jam at the receiver.
nism pushing the books in a step by step manner
from station to station, a book receiver positioned
above the slide and through which the pusher
mechanism pushes the books one at a time with
a period of dwell while each book is in the re
ceiver, means for rotating the receiver through
180° during alternate periods of dwell and main
1. In a match book making machine including
the receiver if it abuts against the same, and
ered position until the machine has been stopped
and the jam can be cleared.
From the above description it is apparent that
although the path of motion of the pusher ?ngers
In compliance with the requirements of the 10 ,taining the receiver stationary during the periods
of dwell of the intervening alternate book's,
patent statutes I have here shown and described
whereby alternate books are reversed in their
a preferred embodiment of my invention. It is,
passage through the receiver, said pusher mecha
however, to be understood that the invention is
nism including a pusher ?nger for pushing the
not limited to the precise construction here
said ?nger having a path of motion in
shown, the same being merely illustrativeof the 15 books,
tersecting the path of motion of the receiver,
principles of the invention.
said ?nger being pivoted to the rest of the pusher
What is considered new and desired to be se
mechanism to swing out of the path of motion of
cured by Letters Patent is:
spring means for holding the ?nger in the posi
a slide upon which match books are slid in a step 20
by step manner to di?erent stations where dif
ferent operations are performed upon the books
in the process of manufacture, a pusher mecha
nism pushing the books in a step by step manner
from station to station, a rotary book receiver
tion to which it is swung.
3. In a match book making machine, a re
versing mechanism for receiving successive books ~
and reversing alternate books, a transfer mecha
nism including means for receiving all of the
books from the reversing mechanism one at a
positioned above the slide, said pusher mecha
time and turning every book through substan
nism including a pusher ?nger which pushes the
tially 90", a. pusher mechanism for pushing the
booksv ‘through the receiver, said ?nger having
successive books into the reversing mechanism
a normal path of motion intersecting the path
‘and for pushing the books from the reversing
of motion of the receiver, said ?nger being held
mechanism into the transfer mechanism, said
in position on the pusher mechanism and be
pusher mechanism having an upstanding book
ing connected thereto in such a manner as to re
pushing ?nger that moves through a path of mo
main in an upstanding position during normal
tion intersecting the path of motion of the re
operation of the machine and free to be ?exed
35 versing mechanism, said ?nger being pivoted to
.out of its normal position if it abuts against an
the rest of the pusher mechanism about a pivot
obstruction in its path of motion, and said ma
axis at right angles to the direction of pushing
chine including means for holding the ?nger in
motion of the pusher ?nger and movable from an
the position to which it is ?exed.
> operative to an inoperative position, and means
2. In a match book making machine including 40 for holding the ?nger in each of said alternate
a slide upon which match books are slid in a step
positions when it has been moved thereinto.
by step manner to di?erent stations where dif
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