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Jan. 7, 1947.'
A
Q_ Fl JEROME y
POULTRY PICKING APPARATUS
Filed NOV. 15, 1944
2,413,712
'
_
2,413,712'
Patented Jan. 7, 1947
UNITED STATES
ÀTENT OFFICE
2,413,712
PGULTRY PICKING APPARATUS
George F. Jerome, Fort Wayne, Ind.
l Application November I3, 1944, Serial No. 563,184
iabiaims. (Ci. ifi-11.1)
1
2
mount a cast bracket ë which is provided with
oppositeiy extending armsk 6a and 6b. The
or feather-removing units of a poultry-picking
bracket has a lug 6c which is secured to the disk
machine. rI‘hese units are commonly referred
5 by suitable bolts 1. Each of the arms is pro
to as “picking fingers” and, preferably, they are
video. with «a series of stepped faces 8, 9, It, Il
made of rubber, either natural or synthetic, so
andl I2, which provide seats for a series of pick
that they have considerable resilience. It is
ing fingers
The picking fingers are rectangu
the principal purpose ci my invention to provide
lar
in
cross-section
and it will be noted that
a picking ringer and a mounting therefor where
there is an adjacent shoulder alongside each of
by I am able to get a large number of effective
feather removing projections upon the Working 10 the faces 8 to i2 inciusive and there is a project
ing
i3» on each of the faces 8 to l2 on which
part of a picking iinger.
the
fingers
Iii are mounted. As shown best in
It is the common experience oi those familiar
Figure 2, the finger Ici has an aperture I’e eX
with the art of picking poultry by means of
tending up from the bottom thereof. This
rotating picking íingers that it is necessary to
aperture is provided with segments I5 which
have shoulders or pro'ections along the surfaces
engage
in grooves or annular recesses Il cut in
of the fingers that enga-ge the feathers on the
the pegs I3, when the iingers are forced on to
fowl. ifi/Iy invention contemplates the provision
the
to fasten the ñngers on the pegs.
of a picking finger v«.vhich is so shaped at its base
It will be notedA that the seats 8 to I2 inclu
that it can befmounted on a supporting member
sive are set at dii’îerent levels with respect to
against a shoulder to prevent rotation of the
the disk 5 so that a line drawn along the tops
finger. This picking fin. er is then shaped up to
of the picking iingers
describes an arc of a
a substantially U-shape toward its top so as to
circle. I find that this is quite useful in the
get the advantage of a multiplicity of ieather
poultry-picking machine, as the fowl body ñts
engaging projections Without sacrificing the
into this curved contour more readily than it
25
strength of the finger.
íits against a straight cylinder such as is com
It is also a purpose of my invention to provide
monly-found in picking machines.
a novel assembly> oi picking fingers for better
The present invention relates to the plucking
handling.
Referring now-to the picking finger la, this
finger is provided with a channel at I8 extending
`The detailed features and advantages of the
into the aperture It and extending downwardly
invention will appear more fully from the folloiv~ 30
from the top of the picking finger to a short
ing description, reference being made to the a-c
distancev above the end of the peg It. The ex
companying drawing wherein a preferred form
of the invention is shown. It is tc be >under
stood, however, that the drawing and description
tent of thechannel I3 is shown clearly in Figure
rI'his channel divides the Working end of the
limited by the claims.
picking projections, I notch both sections with
ringer into two parallel sections IS and 2Q, backed
are illustrative only and are not to be taken as 35 up by a solid Wall section 2l. In order to take
limiting the invention except insofar as it is
advantage of both sections I9 and 2n to provide
In the drawing:
notches 22, 23 and 24. The notch 22 is of rela
Fig. 1 is a transverse sectional view through a
tively short depth. Notch 23 is of still greater
portion of a poultry-picking machine embodying 40 depth,
and notch 24 is deeper than the notch 23.
my invention;
The
critical
cross-section of the finger thus in
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view through
creases frorn the picking end toward the base,
the picking finger employed, the View being
and when stress is applied, the finger bends along
taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1, and
a smooth curve from the end of the peg I3 to
45
Fig. 3 is a plan View of the picking finger.
the
tip of the linger. The greatest thickness of
Referring now in detail to the drawing, this
material, and thus the greatest strength, exists
invention is an improvement upon the poultry
at the tip of the peg It. The flexing of the ñnger
picking machine shown in my prior cfr-pending
must take place from this point to the tip of
application, Serial No. 374,271, filed January 13,
the iinger. The opening of the channel I8 at
1941, for Poultry-picking machine. In that ma 50 some distance above the tip of the peg I3 gives
chine, the multiplicity oi picking fingers are oar
adequate strength to the finger at the critical
ried upon oppositely extending bars that are
point.
mounted upon a supporting disk. The disk is,
I have found that a much better picking opera.
of course, driven by a suitable power source.
tion can be obtained by providing feather-en
55
In Figure 1, I show a disk 5, upon which I
3
2,413,712
gaging projections that are larger and more
numerous. It has been proposed to provide
tubular iingers with closely spaced annular ribs,
but this does not provide projections that are of
the right shape to accomplish my result. As
shown in the drawing, I have six projections on
each finger, and each projection is relatively
narrow crosswise of the ñnger. The projections
4
,
nally of the ñnger and extending toward the se
cured end.
6. A picking iinger assembly for poultry pick
ing machines, comprising an elongated resilient
body, means to mount one end of the body on a
support, the other end of the body having a
channel extending longitudinally of the ñnger in
the feather engaging face thereof dividing the
feather engaging part of the finger into separate ,
are farther apart lengthwise of the iinger than
their width. The projections, therefore, are 10 picking surfaces.
capable of entering small indentations such as
7. A picking iinger for poultry picking ma- i
are found on the wings and legs of the fowl, due
to the transverse action of each channel wall
under pressure.
chines, comprising an elongated resilient body, l
means to mount one end of the body on a sup
port, the other end of the body having spaced
From the foregoing description, it is believed 15 longitudinally running narrow feather engaging
that the nature and advantages of my invention
sections extending toward the secured end, the
will be clear to those skilled in this art.
sections being notched transversely on their
Having thus described my invention, what I
working faces.
claim as new and desire to secure by Letters
8. A picking linger of resilient material, com~
Patent is:
20 prising a tubular mounting section interiorly
l. A picking finger assembly for poultry pick-`
ribbed to receive a mounting peg, and a picking
ing machines, comprising in combination a sup
section projecting outwardly from the mounting
port, a series of linger mounting members there
section, said picking section being channel shaped
on and resilient lingers secured to said members,
in cross section.
each linger having its free end offset lengthwise 25
9. Av picking iinger of resilient material, com
with respect to adjacent fingers so that a line
prising a tubular mounting section to receive a
joining the tips of the lingers describes a curve
mounting peg, and a picking section projecting
with the convex side toward the fingers.
outwardly from the mounting section, said pick
2. A picking ñnger assembly for poultry pick
ing section being channel shaped in cross section,
ing machines, comprising in combination a sup 30 the channel walls being notched.
port, a series of finger mounting members there
l0. A picking finger for poultry picking ma
on and resilient lingers secured to said members,
chines, comprising an elongated resilient body,
said support having said members mounted
means to mount one end of the body on a sup
thereon in stepped relation whereby to position
port, said body having its working face divided
the tips of said fingers on a curved line,
longitudinally and transversely into a plurality
3. A picking linger assembly for poultry pick
ing machines, comprising the combination with a
supporting disk of arms extending in opposite
directions from said disk, said arms also curving
of spaced apart projections for engaging the body
of a fowl.
11. A picking ringer for poultry picking ma
chines, comprising an elongated resilient body,
in a radial direction away from said disk, and 40 means to mount one end of the body on a sup
picking lingers mounted on said arms.
port, said body having its working face divided
e. A picking linger assembly for poultry pick
ing machines, comprising the combination with a
supporting disk of arms extending in opposite
directions from said disk, said arms also curv
ing in a radial direction away from said disk,
and picking iingers mounted on said arms, the
arms having flat faces with ñnger securing means
thereon and guide Shoulders alongside said faces
to prevent turning of the ñngers.
5. A picking finger assembly for poultry pick
ing machines, comprising an elongated resilient
body, means to mount one end of the body on a
support, the other end of the body having nar
rowv feather enga-ging sections spaced longitudi
longitudinally and transversely into a plurality
of spaced apart projections, said projections be
ing of greater depth toward the free end of the
finger.
’
l2. In a poultry picking machine, a resilient
picking linger, a mounting peg for the finger
having recesses therein between its ends, said
ringer having a tubular mounting section with in
ternal projecting segments engaged in said re
cesses to fasten the iinger in place, said íinger
having a picking section extending from said
mounting section, the picking section having a
front wall provided with relatively large spaced
projections and a substantially smooth back Wall.
GEORGE F. JEROME.
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