I Jan. 7, 1947.' A Q_ Fl JEROME y POULTRY PICKING APPARATUS Filed NOV. 15, 1944 2,413,712 ' _ 2,413,712' Patented Jan. 7, 1947 UNITED STATES ÀTENT OFFICE 2,413,712 PGULTRY PICKING APPARATUS George F. Jerome, Fort Wayne, Ind. l Application November I3, 1944, Serial No. 563,184 iabiaims. (Ci. ifi-11.1) 1 2 mount a cast bracket ë which is provided with oppositeiy extending armsk 6a and 6b. The or feather-removing units of a poultry-picking bracket has a lug 6c which is secured to the disk machine. rI‘hese units are commonly referred 5 by suitable bolts 1. Each of the arms is pro to as “picking fingers” and, preferably, they are video. with «a series of stepped faces 8, 9, It, Il made of rubber, either natural or synthetic, so andl I2, which provide seats for a series of pick that they have considerable resilience. It is ing fingers The picking fingers are rectangu the principal purpose ci my invention to provide lar in cross-section and it will be noted that a picking ringer and a mounting therefor where there is an adjacent shoulder alongside each of by I am able to get a large number of effective feather removing projections upon the Working 10 the faces 8 to i2 inciusive and there is a project ing i3» on each of the faces 8 to l2 on which part of a picking iinger. the fingers Iii are mounted. As shown best in It is the common experience oi those familiar Figure 2, the finger Ici has an aperture I’e eX with the art of picking poultry by means of tending up from the bottom thereof. This rotating picking íingers that it is necessary to aperture is provided with segments I5 which have shoulders or pro'ections along the surfaces engage in grooves or annular recesses Il cut in of the fingers that enga-ge the feathers on the the pegs I3, when the iingers are forced on to fowl. ifi/Iy invention contemplates the provision the to fasten the ñngers on the pegs. of a picking finger v«.vhich is so shaped at its base It will be notedA that the seats 8 to I2 inclu that it can befmounted on a supporting member sive are set at dii’îerent levels with respect to against a shoulder to prevent rotation of the the disk 5 so that a line drawn along the tops finger. This picking fin. er is then shaped up to of the picking iingers describes an arc of a a substantially U-shape toward its top so as to circle. I find that this is quite useful in the get the advantage of a multiplicity of ieather poultry-picking machine, as the fowl body ñts engaging projections Without sacrificing the into this curved contour more readily than it 25 strength of the finger. íits against a straight cylinder such as is com It is also a purpose of my invention to provide monly-found in picking machines. a novel assembly> oi picking fingers for better The present invention relates to the plucking handling. Referring now-to the picking finger la, this finger is provided with a channel at I8 extending `The detailed features and advantages of the into the aperture It and extending downwardly invention will appear more fully from the folloiv~ 30 from the top of the picking finger to a short ing description, reference being made to the a-c distancev above the end of the peg It. The ex companying drawing wherein a preferred form of the invention is shown. It is tc be >under stood, however, that the drawing and description tent of thechannel I3 is shown clearly in Figure rI'his channel divides the Working end of the limited by the claims. picking projections, I notch both sections with ringer into two parallel sections IS and 2Q, backed are illustrative only and are not to be taken as 35 up by a solid Wall section 2l. In order to take limiting the invention except insofar as it is advantage of both sections I9 and 2n to provide In the drawing: notches 22, 23 and 24. The notch 22 is of rela Fig. 1 is a transverse sectional view through a tively short depth. Notch 23 is of still greater portion of a poultry-picking machine embodying 40 depth, and notch 24 is deeper than the notch 23. my invention; The critical cross-section of the finger thus in Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view through creases frorn the picking end toward the base, the picking finger employed, the View being and when stress is applied, the finger bends along taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1, and a smooth curve from the end of the peg I3 to 45 Fig. 3 is a plan View of the picking finger. the tip of the linger. The greatest thickness of Referring now in detail to the drawing, this material, and thus the greatest strength, exists invention is an improvement upon the poultry at the tip of the peg It. The flexing of the ñnger picking machine shown in my prior cfr-pending must take place from this point to the tip of application, Serial No. 374,271, filed January 13, the iinger. The opening of the channel I8 at 1941, for Poultry-picking machine. In that ma 50 some distance above the tip of the peg I3 gives chine, the multiplicity oi picking fingers are oar adequate strength to the finger at the critical ried upon oppositely extending bars that are point. mounted upon a supporting disk. The disk is, I have found that a much better picking opera. of course, driven by a suitable power source. tion can be obtained by providing feather-en 55 In Figure 1, I show a disk 5, upon which I 3 2,413,712 gaging projections that are larger and more numerous. It has been proposed to provide tubular iingers with closely spaced annular ribs, but this does not provide projections that are of the right shape to accomplish my result. As shown in the drawing, I have six projections on each finger, and each projection is relatively narrow crosswise of the ñnger. The projections 4 , nally of the ñnger and extending toward the se cured end. 6. A picking iinger assembly for poultry pick ing machines, comprising an elongated resilient body, means to mount one end of the body on a support, the other end of the body having a channel extending longitudinally of the ñnger in the feather engaging face thereof dividing the feather engaging part of the finger into separate , are farther apart lengthwise of the iinger than their width. The projections, therefore, are 10 picking surfaces. capable of entering small indentations such as 7. A picking iinger for poultry picking ma- i are found on the wings and legs of the fowl, due to the transverse action of each channel wall under pressure. chines, comprising an elongated resilient body, l means to mount one end of the body on a sup port, the other end of the body having spaced From the foregoing description, it is believed 15 longitudinally running narrow feather engaging that the nature and advantages of my invention sections extending toward the secured end, the will be clear to those skilled in this art. sections being notched transversely on their Having thus described my invention, what I working faces. claim as new and desire to secure by Letters 8. A picking linger of resilient material, com~ Patent is: 20 prising a tubular mounting section interiorly l. A picking finger assembly for poultry pick-` ribbed to receive a mounting peg, and a picking ing machines, comprising in combination a sup section projecting outwardly from the mounting port, a series of linger mounting members there section, said picking section being channel shaped on and resilient lingers secured to said members, in cross section. each linger having its free end offset lengthwise 25 9. Av picking iinger of resilient material, com with respect to adjacent fingers so that a line prising a tubular mounting section to receive a joining the tips of the lingers describes a curve mounting peg, and a picking section projecting with the convex side toward the fingers. outwardly from the mounting section, said pick 2. A picking ñnger assembly for poultry pick ing section being channel shaped in cross section, ing machines, comprising in combination a sup 30 the channel walls being notched. port, a series of finger mounting members there l0. A picking finger for poultry picking ma on and resilient lingers secured to said members, chines, comprising an elongated resilient body, said support having said members mounted means to mount one end of the body on a sup thereon in stepped relation whereby to position port, said body having its working face divided the tips of said fingers on a curved line, longitudinally and transversely into a plurality 3. A picking linger assembly for poultry pick ing machines, comprising the combination with a supporting disk of arms extending in opposite directions from said disk, said arms also curving of spaced apart projections for engaging the body of a fowl. 11. A picking ringer for poultry picking ma chines, comprising an elongated resilient body, in a radial direction away from said disk, and 40 means to mount one end of the body on a sup picking lingers mounted on said arms. port, said body having its working face divided e. A picking linger assembly for poultry pick ing machines, comprising the combination with a supporting disk of arms extending in opposite directions from said disk, said arms also curv ing in a radial direction away from said disk, and picking iingers mounted on said arms, the arms having flat faces with ñnger securing means thereon and guide Shoulders alongside said faces to prevent turning of the ñngers. 5. A picking finger assembly for poultry pick ing machines, comprising an elongated resilient body, means to mount one end of the body on a support, the other end of the body having nar rowv feather enga-ging sections spaced longitudi longitudinally and transversely into a plurality of spaced apart projections, said projections be ing of greater depth toward the free end of the finger. ’ l2. In a poultry picking machine, a resilient picking linger, a mounting peg for the finger having recesses therein between its ends, said ringer having a tubular mounting section with in ternal projecting segments engaged in said re cesses to fasten the iinger in place, said íinger having a picking section extending from said mounting section, the picking section having a front wall provided with relatively large spaced projections and a substantially smooth back Wall. GEORGE F. JEROME.