Jan. 7, 1947. ` C_ D, CURTIS ETAL BOWLING GAME Filed Oct. l'l, 1945 ' - 2,413,749 Í’aten'tecll jan. 7, 1947 ’2,413,749 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,413,749 BOWLING GAME Clarence D. Curtis and Don P. Grañlin, Hattiesburg, Miss. Application October 11, 1943, Serial No. 505,742 5 Claims. (Cl. 273-39) 1 This invention relates to game devices. It is the principal object of the invention to provide a bowling game which is simple, easy Z characteristics, its resistance to wear and because it is little affected by moisture. y . The alley space is divided into a main alley and inexpensive to construct, which is so ar shown at 20 occupying the major part of the ranged that the bowling pins are located adja width, and a starting alley 2| and extending cent the starting position to be accessible for set substantially parallel thereto and located at one ting up by the player himself, and which affords side thereof. The alleys are separated by a par ample opportunity for the development of indi tition 22 which extends from the starting posi vidual skill so that it prolongs and retains the tion toward the remote end, leaving suñîcient interest of the player. 10 space in the starting alley to provide for free It is also an object to provide such a game in throw of the ball through the latter space, the which the ball is directed in free travel toward ball being represented on its proper scale at 23. a deñecting and turning guide which is provided The pin space in the main alley is located ad with a movable part that is varîably deflected by jacent the starting end or players position so that the force of the ball so that the direction of re it is accessible for the player himself. As shown turn of the ball toward the pins may be controlled the space may be marked with suitable indexing. by the degree of force with which the ball is ini spots 25 showing the positions for the pins. Im tially thrown. mediately to the rear of the pin space the table Other objects and advantages will be apparent is formed with a pit 26 into Which the balls from` the following description, the accompany 20 and the pins may fall when they are- hit. The ing drawing and the appended claims. space is closed by an upstanding wall 21 so that In the drawing: the balls and pins are properly retained in this Fig. 1 is a plan view of the game device con pit and thus immediately accessible to the player structed in accordance with the present inven for resetting. tion; Means are provided at the remote end of the Fig. 2 is a longitudinal view substantially onl alleys for turning and deñecting the ball in a sub the line 2-2 of Fig. 1; stantially horizonta1 plane so that when thrown Fig. 3 is a cross sectional view on the line 3_3 up the starting alley it returns in the main alley of Fig. 1; . in a direction toward the pins. This means em Fig. 4 is a broken cross sectional view on a 30 bodies a construction of guide for receiving the larger 'scale lookingl toward the guide construc tion at the remote end of the alley; Fig. 5 is a broken plan view with the top cover removed and `also showing the construction of the ñxed and movable portions of the guide; Fig. 6 is a detailed plan view of the ñxed guide element; and Fig. 7„is a detailed plan view of the movable guide element. Referring to the drawing which discloses a pre ferred embodiment of the invention, the device comprises a main frame I0 to which are pivotally ball as it comes from the starting alley and grad ually and progressively deilecting the same in a horizontal plane, ultimately reversing its direc tion and causing its return toward the pins. This construction comprises a plurality of spaced strips 30 which are of variable length, and which stand lengthwise against the remote end of the alley and forward ends projecting forward by variable amounts. On _the upper surface of the 40 numbers 30 there is positioned the initial or fixed guide element shown at 32. This element is formed with an arcuately curved guide face 33, the shape of the face being such as to provide secured the legs Il so that upon foldingthe legs inwardly the entire structure may be collapsed initially a very slight curvature with the curva to a flat position for ready transport and pack 45 ture progressively increasing so that the ball is ing. When set up the legs engage against fixed gradually and progressively turned in direction as stops I 2 to thereby provide a ñrm and substantial it passes thereover. The guide portion 32 may support for the device. be conveniently supported on the strips 33 by The iloor of the allays is provided by wood mean-s of nailing or glueing the same thereto. pieces l5 which may be suitably made up of pine 50 The guide also incorporates a ñnal or movable ñooring of convenient size, and above which there portion 35. This portion is of less arcuate length is positioned a layer of linoleum felt I6, serving than the ñxed portion, but has a shorter radius as a support for a bottom sheet I 1 of compressed wood such as Masonite or the like, such material of curvature to provide for imparting a substan tially equal deflection to the ball. It will be clear being preferred because of its smooth surface 55 from Fig. 5 that the fixed guide 32 provides for 2,413,749 tion, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to this precise form of apparatus, and that changes may be made therein without de parting from the scope of the invention which is imparting a deflection to the ball of the order of 90°, while the remaining portion of the guide imparts the additional deflection to the ball, rep resenting approximately the same or an even greater angular deflection. Cil Movable guide portion 35 is hingedly connected to the fixed guide portion 32 by means of hinge 31 fastened. to the adjacent ends of the two guides, the hingeA pin being preferably recessedr below the outer surface of the guides so that it will not objectionably obstruct the passage of the ball. At its opposite end, movable guide por“ defined in the appended claims. What is claimed is: 1. A bowling game of the character described comprising a main alley for receiving the bowl ing pins at one end thereof», a starting alley sub stantially parallel to and located at one side of said main alley, said starting alley having a starting position at the same end as that which receives the bowling pins, means to separate said tion 35 is supported by a strip 38 which carries alleys at the starting end thereof, curved hori a pair of spaced contact members 39 thereon which are adapted to slide over the‘surfac'e 'oflthe' 15 zontally' extended guide means at the remote end of said alleys for receiving the bowling ball from alley. Suitable elements for this purposev are said starting. alley and deñecting the same in a metal glides of the chair leg type. horizontal plane and returning the same to said The movable guide element 35 is arranged to main' alley, said guide means having an initial be resiliently supported so as to be variably de' flected in response to the‘energy with which it is 20 fixed portion and final movable portion, hinge means for! adjustablîyf connecting adà]l acente'ndsï of engaged bythe ball. For thisv purpose; a tensions` s'aidï ñxed- and- movable' guide portions; av sup spring 40 is fastenedto thelrear, of; the guide 35~ porting'member for said-- movable guide portionV adjacent the hinge 31,î the other end‘. being fas resting uponrthe ñoor of said alley and'- movable tenedstoañxed part- of the'A frame. A stop 4l"is provided‘on the frame for limiting the forward 25 thereover with reducedf'frictional contact-for sup-‘ porting theîfree'endïof said member»infspa‘cedirìe-` travel of the guide under the actionrof the spring. lation abovethe floor of. said alley, and resilient Itïwillîbe seen that with the` structure thus de' means for yieldably. urgingsaid movable portion scribed, the entire guide structureincluding the forwardly against-the force- of saidlball andino--l ñxed and movable parts fisraised .above` the levelv of the’alley.l and issolocated. that its center is> 30 viding for variable displacement thereof about saidA hinge means- dependent upon the'en'ergy of substantially - opposite the .centerE of the ball; motion of the ball. Inxorderto provide a .smooth continuous ¿cover2`. A bowling-game1 of the>` character- describedv ing> against .which vthe ball may engage, astripof comprising a main alleyv adapted> to receive the’ fabric issecured .to thel endof the movable guide asvshown at 45; the fabric `extendingía'cross the. 35 bowling pins at one end-thereof, asta'rting» alley substantially parallel tol and'located at one side hinge connection, over the fiX'edguide andalon'g of saidmainalley andïhaving a starting position the adjacent >sideoflthe starting alley, being pref -at the same end as that which receives'ïs'aidlbowl erably llooped. over .the outer 'end o'fïtheliframe ¿and ing» pins, means to separatei said'- alleysï aïtï the fastened` tothe. outside as shownï at 46: This forms asmooth'iand continuous. engaging surface 40 starting end thereof, acurvedv horizontally ex tended guide member at- the remote endfofA said for theball ïwhereveitit may strike the .wallëof‘the alley for receiving the ball from said’startin'g alley alley or guide members.'`andy deñecting and Areturning the saine to» said In »order to 'prevent the possi-ble‘íescap'e ofîth'e' mainalleyl to` strike the pinssaid` guide member ball over the top of the alley, a top cover 'member having an initial ñxed portion and a ñnal portion 50ïis providedat .the ¿remote endïof th‘eïa-lleyg‘ such movableinïresponse` tov contact» ofî the~ball,~ a cover. being-YV shaped». ini general conformity "withz hinge connection _between saidî portions 'ofI the thefshape of ’.’the guide members;N It iis `:positioned guid'eimember, resilient’meansï'for-yieldably h'old above theÈ level of :theY guide :members ïasf‘shown ini ing said movable portion against the alctionßof Fig..l 4; .and above the> normal4 Alevel >i of! the `balls> s'aidvballA providing forv variablemovement there whenzthey are onthelfloor'ofthe alley. »It'prefere of` to »variablÍyv deflect' saidb'all» dependent 'Y upo'n‘V ably. overhangs the-guide members :aushortfdis-l the energy of 'motionthereofg arid-a flexible sur tance ' ras ' indicated. in ~ dotted' lines‘ïin-` Fig.' 1,` „the facel~ coveringI material extending" continuously overhang » 55| assuring. against» thegballl jumping over saidïfix'edïï andi movable guide portionsI` and out >of .the alley regardless ofthe ¿force -with ¿which it Lis ` thrown. In the playing of fthe game the :player manually? throws the ball'ïinto lthe starting alley with-a free `throw since-the alleyv4 is substantially'wider 55 across y said ï hinge connection formingY al» smooth andv continuous» engaging" surface for'y contact with said ball. ~ 3. A bowling# game ofthe character'described comprising a main alley adapted to receive” the than‘the` diameterof» the-'ball'. The~ballfthenfen~ gages the guide at azpoint 'dependingupon the'di 60 bowling-pins at -o'ne` end thereof,` a-startingf alley substantially »para-llelïto’ andlocated--at >one sidè'of rectionl in> which it is yinitially thrown,v and icon said'ïm‘ain‘»Y alleyl and iliaîvirig- a; startingi‘poïsition lat" tinuing -arourui the nxed'guide' portion engages the ’same endï as th'atwhich receivessaid bowling the movable-guide portion.> There’itleffects'ia variable deflection » ofV the Vmovable ïguide por-tionï pins, means to‘separatev said alleys at thestarting depending- upon the‘iorce whichï vit ï'hasf-at!` that time, and isfaccordi’ngiy deflected` in yavvariablel member“ atethe r*remote-'end 'ofr` said alley 'for re' endït-hereofj :afcurved horizbnt'all'y 'extended guide ceivingvthe ball -from' said starting-alley anddee’ fleeting and returning the sam’eto said ma'inalley' the pins. Because of the'rvariablev ~factor> thus'l to strike the 'pinsf saidguide ’member'l?a'vin‘g'an introduced, the game has substantial interestY and provides> for considerable"development-‘of findi 70 initial `fixed portion' and" a` `iìnal‘p‘o'rtion 'movable in response tocontact lof ’the ball,- resilient ¿means vidualskill in determining the proper anglefandr for' yieldably holdingsaidmovable portion 'against forcent-throw of the ballsfin order to‘seCure'the th'e'actioni of sai‘drbîall providing>~ fori variable best results in knocking over ‘the-pins.« movement" thereof "to lvariably'deflect ’saidb'all de# While the formof apparatus-herein described constitutesa preferred ‘embodiment ofthe inven's` 75 pendent upon the; energy of >motion thereof;v andl directionback-toward thefpin position to engage 2,418,749 - 5 5. A bowling game of the character described a flexible surface covering material of fabric ex comprising a main alley adapted to receive the tending continuously »over said fixed and movable bowling pins at one end thereof, a starting alley guide portions and adapted to contact said ball. substantially parallel ¿to and located at one side 4. A bowling game of the character described comprising a main >alley .adapted to receive the 5 of said main alley and having a starting position at the same end as that which receives said .bowl bowling pins'at one end thereof, a starting alley substantially parallel .to and >located at one side f ' ing pins, means to separate said alleys at the starting end thereof, a lcurved horizontally ex of said main alley and having a starting posi tended guide member at the remote end of said tion at the same end as that which receives said bowling pins, means to separate said' alleys at 10 alley for receiving the ball from said starting alley and deflecting and returning the same to said the starting end thereof,v a curved horizontally main alley to strike the pins, said guide member extendedy guide member vat @the remote end of said having _an initial ñxed portion and a final por alley for receiving the ball from said starting alleyv tion movable in response lto `Contact of the ball, and deflecting and returning the same to said ` main alley to strike the pins, said guide member 15 resilient means for yieldably holding said mov able portion against .the action of said -ball pro having an initial íixed portion »and a final por viding for variable movement thereof to Variably -tion movable in response to contact of the ball, deñect said ball Idependent upon the energy of resilient means for yieldably holding said mov ' motion thereof, and an overlying covering mem able portion against the action ofsaid ball pro viding for variable movement thereof .to variably 20 ber spaced .above said guide members and project ing forwardly thereof with a limited overhang to deflect said ball dependent upon the energy of normally be clear of contact with the ball motion thereof, and means for supporting said throughout its engagement with said guide. both portions >of said guide member above the level of said alleys leaving a substantial clear CLARENCE D. CURTIS. ance therebetween and in position substantially DON P. GRAFFLIN. .opposite the center of said ball.