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Jan. 7, 1947.
A‘ v_. TERl-"éY
Fil‘ed Feb. 9, 1945
2 Sheets-Sheet l
= 1'.‘
- 1
‘l- "—
E ‘
149mm Err
Filed Feb. 9, 1945
2 Sheets-Shea; 2 .~
Patented Jan. 7, 1947
Virginia Terry, Gary, WlVa.
Application February 9, 1945, ‘Serial No. ‘577,055 '
2 Claims.
(El. 213-490)
This invention relates to coupling means which
is especially, but not necessarily, adapted for use
Figure 8 is a rear end elevational view of the fe
male coupling head.
in coupling mine cars or equivalent conveyances.
Figure 9 is a perspective view of the special
In carrying out the principles of the invention
I have evolved and produced novel coupling
means which, it is believed, is possessed of requi~
latch. '
Referring now to the drawings by distinguish
ing reference numerals, it will be seen that the
site factors of strength, durability and freedom‘
from liability, to derangement of parts.
Secondly, I provide a coupler assemblage in
which the female coupling head or unit is pro
vided with a' simple and practicable cam-type
latch, the latter being remote controlled by a rock
, female drawhead or coupling proper is denoted
by the numeral NJ.
It is characterized by a sec
tor-shaped shell having its ?aring end formed.
er shaft and a connection between same and said
into a suitable mouth de?ned by a beveled lip II
and cam-surfaced, opposed side walls [2.‘ This
shell is bolted, or otherwise secured, as at iii, to
a suitable base, for instance, a shelf-like exten
latch, whereby to provide an assemblage of parts
sion M on the body E5 of the car or other con
which lends itself adaptable for coaction there C1 veyance or vehicle. The top wall thereof (see
with of a companion male coupling head'having
Fig. 5) is provided with a latch entrance and
a simple free link which is virtually self-locating
clearance slot l5 and at one end of the slot with
and quickly and reliably engageable with said
upstanding lugs ll’. The latch I 8 is pivotally
mounted therebetween, as at ill, (see Figs. 1 and
The principal novelty resides, it is believed, in 20 8) and as shown in Figure 9, one edge of the
the speci?c construction of said female coupling
latch functions as a cam 26 and the free end is
head, the especially shaped latch pivotally
rounded, as at 2|, and the beak is fashioned into
mounted thereon, spring means for holding the
latch in normal retaining position, and the oper
ating connection between the spring-held latch
a detent 22 receivable in a keeper seat 23 on the
In the drawings, wherein like numerals are em
ure 5. Attached to the central portion of the bar
Zll is a clip 21 having a chain 28 connected with
interior of the coupling head, as shown in Figure
$0 in 5. As shown in Figures 1 and 8, the latch is pro
and car structure for conveniently and effectively
vided with an externally arranged adapter bar
releasing the latch and consequently the link on
2a which extends beyond the diverging side walls
the male coupling head.
of the coupling head, the extending ends being
Other features and advantages will become
connected with coiled springs 25 anchored on re
more readily apparent from the following de
taining pins 26 on said head. The springs exert
scription and the accompanying illustrative draw 30 a normal downward pull and thus keep the latch
seated in the retaining position illustrated in Fig
plqyed to designate like parts throughout the
a rocker arm 29 on the central portion of the
Figure 1 is a perspective View, partly of a frag
35 rocker shaft 30.
mentary type, showing the aforementioned fe
male coupling head and complemental appurteé ,
nances directly cooperable therewith.
Figure 2 is a top plan view of the male cou
pling head.
Figure 3 is a top View showing the head in sec
tion with the rest of the mechanism removed,
this being the female coupling head.
Figure 4 is a view like Figure 3, showing the
other head, that is, the male head, With the link
Figure 5 is a central vertical sectional view
through the female coupling head, with parts in
The latter is mounted in appro
priate' bearing brackets 31 on the support l5.
The rocker shaft is provided with lateral ends
32 which serve as handles.
There is also a U
shaped ?xture 33 bolted, or otherwise secured, to
40 the support, and this underlies the arm 29 and
constitutes a suitable stop and rest therefor.
The latch rocks toward its pivot means and trav
els in and out through the slot H6 in the coupling
head. It is normally closed, as shown in Figure
5, but is susceptible of being raised to releasing
position, as shown in Figure 7.
This is accom
plished through the medium of the rocker shaft,
handles, rocker arm and pull chain connection
shown and described.
Figure 6 is a similar central vertical sectional
The numeral i?a designates a support corre
view through the male coupling head.
sponding to the support [5, while Ma is the sup
Figure 7 is an elevational view, somewhat simi
port for the male coupler head 34, This is also
lar to Figure 5, but showing the parts mainly in
of sector-shaped or dovetailed form and of ap
elevation with the latch lifted to releasing posi
propriate shape to accommodate the so-called
55 free link 35. The link is anchored by a bolt, pin,
portion of said latch, said bar extending at its
opposite ends beyond adjacent surfaces of said
coupling head, coiled springs connected to the
extending ends of said bar, and means anchoring
the springs on said coupling head.
or the like, 36. It protrudes through the open
mouth and is in readiness to slip into the coupling
head l0. When the coupling heads are brought
together, the link unseats the latch by cam action,
whereupon the latch is re-seated by the springs,
thus e?ectively coupling the link to said head Ill.
The release of the link is effected by disengaging
the latch, as brought out advantageously in Fig
2. Coupling means comprising a hollow sector
shaped head having a slotted top wall, said top
wall being provided with upstanding lugs, the lat
ure '7.
A careful consideration of the foregoing de
scription in conjunction with the invention as
illustrated in the drawings will enable the reader
to obtain a clear understanding and impression
of the alleged features of merit and novelty suf
?cient to clarify the construction of the inven 15
ter on opposite sides of one end portion of said
slot, a latch pivoted at its outer upper end be
tween said lugs and having its opposite free end
swingable in and out through said slot, the free
swingable end of said latch being rounded, the
lower edge thereof being inclined to provide a
cam, said cam merging into the rounded end to
de?ne a detent, a cross-bar secured intermediate
tion as hereinafter claimed.
its ends to the exposed upper pivoted end portion
Minor changes in shape, size, materials and re
of said latch, said bar extending at its opposite
arrangement of parts may be resorted to in actual
ends beyond adjacent surfaces of said coupling
practice so long as no departure is made from
20 head, coiled springs connected to the extending
the invention as claimed.
ends of said bar, means anchoring the springs on
I claim:
said coupling head, supporting means for said
1. Coupling means comprising a hollow sector
head, a rocker shaft mounted for oscillation in
shaped head having a slotted top wall, said top
bearings on said supporting means, a rocker arm
wall being provided with upstanding lugs, a latch
pivoted between said lugs and depending and 25 on said shaft, a chain connection between the
rocker arm and cross-ban and a substantially U
swingable in and out through the slot, the free
shaped stop ?xedly mounted on said support and
swingable end of said latch being rounded, the
underlying said rocker arm and constituting a
stabilizing rest for said arm.
lower edge thereofbeing inclined to provide a
cam, said cam merging into the rounded end to
de?ne a detent, a cross-bar connected interme
diate its ends to the exposed upper pivoted end
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