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' Jan; 7, 1947.
' 2,413,884
a Sheets-Sheet 1
Filed July 9, 1945
Jan. 7,1947.
R_ 5, PAGE
Filed July 9,v 1945 .
8 Sheets-Sheet 2
Jan. 7, 1947.
R‘, E_ PAGE’
Filed July 9, 1945 '
8 Sheets-Sheet 5
Jan. 7, 1947.
"a Sheets-Sheet 4
Filed July 9‘, 1945
I76 2 /a/ we
Jan. 7, 1947.
8 Sheets-Sheet‘ 5
Filed July 9, 1945
f5? 5 PA $5
Jan. 7, 1947.,
Filed July 9, 1945
a Sheets-Sheet e
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Jan. 7, 1947.
Filed July 9, 1945
a Sheets-Sheet 7
FIG. 9.I76
‘ A33
Jan. 7, 1947.
Filed July 9, 1945
8 Sheets-Sheet 8
Patented Jan. 7, 1947
Ralph E. Page, Poughkeepsie, N. Y., assignor to
International Business vMachines Corporation,
New York, N. Y._, a corporation of New York
Application July 9, 1945, Serial No. 603,852 '
13 Claims. (Cl. 164-112)
This invention relates to punching machines
which are capable of perforating records, such as
accounting machine controlling cards to repre
sent data pertaining to a sale or transaction.
More speci?cally the invention relates to ma
chines of the manually controlled type, having
oneor more places on the card.
. particularly to the construction of the machine
which is designed to ful?ll the characteristic of
simplicity in construction, ease of operation, and
to design such mechanisms so that they operate
the numerical data to be punched upon the card,
punched which is subsequently utilized to con
A more speci?c object of the invention relates
provisions to enable the operator to predetermine
so that for each sale or transaction a card will be
of punching record cards inserted in the machine
and also record by printing the same values at
e?iciently so as to minimize or eliminate the serv
trol a statistical or accounting machine of the
type now on the market.
ice requirements usually made in connection with
such forms‘of machine.
Another feature of the invention relates to the
provision of manually controlled settable slides
The present machine has been speci?cally de
and a system of interconnection between such
signed for use in connection with post offices,
slides and the three groups of type printing mem
primarily in the departments which issue money
bers and also between such slides anda group of
orders, although it is generally applicable for
punch slides which enable the setting of the
use in stores and other establishments.
punch slides and the type members to the same
The main portion of the card has recorded
digit position without ‘the possibility’ of record
thereon the amount of the money order when
ing inconsistent values on the same record.‘
used for this purpose and is recorded both by 20
Another object of the invention is to provide
punching the card and by printing the same
a simple means of presenting a card to the punch
amount thereon. _
ing and printing mechanisms, which objective is
The main portion of the card has blank lines
attained by the provision of a card carriage on
reserved for writing the name and address of the
which the card may be manually placed-and in
payee, that is, the person who is to receive the
serted in the machine and subsequently with
money order. The recording of‘the amount on
drawn after the recording operation.
the main portion of the card and the name of
the payee provides what is generally known as
incorporategan interlocking system which insures
“card check.” When it is issued by the post of
the proper performance by the operator by re
?ce it is known as a “money order.” Such card 30
quiring'that a card be placed upon the carriage
check or money order is handled just like any
and that the carriage is within the machine at
other check and goes through the banking pro
the recording position before the machine may
cedure in the same manner. The punching of
be operated. and which prevents setting up of an
the amounts on the money orders or card checks
enables accounting operations to be automat 35 amount greater than the maximum amount
which may be set up in the machine.
ically performed under control of the perforated
A further object of the invention is the pro
- cards so as to totalize amounts of money orders
vision of means to‘prevent operation of the ma
issued. The punching of the amounts on the
check insures an unchangeable designation of
chine when more than one card is placed on the
card carriage.
The interlocking‘ system which ‘prevents the
the amount, preventing fraudulent transactions
by alteration of the recorded amounts to increase
operation of the machine until a card has been
‘ placed on the carriage is controlled by the card
itself and when the latter " is placed upon the
card'rcarriage it operates a lever which enables
portions of the card check, one of which is re-' .
the shifting of the card carriage within the ma
the value.
The machine also includes a supplemental fea
ture of printing the same amount on two ‘stub
tained by the department issuing the money order
and the other ‘by the person; purchasing the
money order. Two receipt portions alsorecorded
by-printing ful?ll the requirement of the post of
?ce department but may be used differently if
the present machine is used in ‘connection with
other forms of transaction;
It is, therefore, the main object of the present
invention to devise an improved mamially_-c_o,n—v
trolled record pumping machine, whiehiseapable
chine to its limitposition; ’ ~The' positioning ‘of
more than'one card on the carriage does‘ not allow
the cards tobe placed ‘on the carriage in such’a
position‘ that said lever is operated. In’ the ab
sence of a card on the card carriage or the posi-,
timing of more-than ‘one card thereon, the car
riage cannot be moved to the limit position and
the-inor‘mlalm-lockhing mechanism is maintained.
However, when a single cardgisw on thejcar'r'iaga
the lever is operated and the carriage can be
moved to the limit position in the machine to
disable the locking mechanism, and the machine
can now be operated.
At the present time the maximum amount for
which a money order can be issued is $100.00. To
limit the recording and entering of this amount
in the machine a supplemental interlocking sys
tem which is simple and e?ective in operation
The setting up of the amounts for printing
data at three places A, B, C (Fig. 6) on the card
and for also punching the same data at another
place G on the same card is under control of
?ve manually settable slides; 20, 2!, 22, 23 and
24 for setting up of amounts to and including
one hundred dollars. Each slide V2!) to 24 has
attached thereto a manipulative member or ?n
ger piece 25 (see Fig. 2) which is movable in a
prevents setting up such slides to digit positions .10 slot over an index scale 26 (see Fig. 4.).
which exceed this amount.
To prevent the recording on a card check un
til an amount has been set up in the machine
the units denominational slide controls a look
sign * indicates the normal setting of the ma
niplnative members and 0-9 indicate the digit
settings. Integral with each ?nger piece 25 is
an'indicator plate l8 bearing the indicia
ing mechanism for the operating mechanism of
which are visible through an aperture [9 in the
the machine which prevents card punching and
index scale 23 to con?rm and display the digir
recording operation until such. unit slide is set to
setting of each slide. Slides 20 to 24 may be
any digit position 0-9.
slidably mounted in the main side frame plates
Another feature of the invention relates to the
[0, H in any suitable manner, preferably by a
provision of an accumulator which totalizes the 20 guide rod 21 (Fig. 2) cooperating with an elon
amounts entered in the machine and also an
gated slot 28 of each slide and also at the rear
item counter of the Veeder type vwhich counts
end of the machine by a slotted guide bar 29.
operation of the main operating mechanism
rl‘he digit setting of each slide 20 to 24 is main
which, of course, should conform to the number
tained by means of an aligning pawl 30 (Fig. 2)
of money orders or card checks recorded.
25 which is urged by a spring 3! to engage inter
While the invention has been shown in con
dental spaces 32 formed in the upper edge of
nection with a speci?c form of machine and de
each setting slide. Such pawl 30‘ impositively
signed for a special use, it is to be understood
aligns each slide in its digit position, nevertheless
that this is merely by way of example, and other
enabling the setting of the slide from one digit
machines may be constructed to include some
position to the other as the amounts entered in
or all of the features of the present machine.
the machine are changed.
and may be used for various types of sales and
The means for printing the amounts comprises
transactions, and in different embodiments.
for each order a segment member 33 (see Fig. 2)
Other features of the invention may be used
carrying raised printing type and having at
in connection with di?‘erent forms of manually
tached thereto a gear segment 34. All of the
controlled recording machines and the present
printing segments are alike and they are disposed
embodiment is to be considered merely as illus
in three groups; 35, 36 and 3'! (see Fig. 3). Each
trative and not restrictive.
group of type members consists of ?ve ‘segments
Other objects of the invention will be pointed
33, corresponding to the five denominational
out in the following description and claims and
orders of the amounts set up in the machine and
illustrated in the accompanying drawings, which
disclose, by way of example, the principle of’ the
invention and the best mode, which has been
contemplated, of applying that principle.
In the drawings:
therefore, for each denominational order, three
printing segments are used. That is to say, each
slide 20-24 is adapted when set to any digit po
sition to set three printing segments like the
segment 33 to corresponding digit positions, and
Fig. 1 is a view in elevation of the right hand
which printing segments are in the three groups
end of the machine, the cabinet having been cut
away to show the interior parts.
35, 3'8 and 31. To effect concurrent setting of
printing segments of the same denominational
orders, a cross-over system comprising the usual
50 jack shaft and pinions is provided. In View of
the fact that such inter-connecting system is
well known, it is thought that a detailed descrip
tion of the complete system is unnecessary and
will be generally explained in connection with a
55 part ‘of such system. The slide 24 for setting up
the tens of thousands denominational order
amount is shown in Fig. 2 and is equipped at its
lower edge with rack teeth 38 directly meshing
with the gear segment 34 of the printing seg
60 ment 33 in the type member group 31. The rack
teeth 39 (Fig. 2) mesh with a pinion 40 secured
Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken on the line 2-2
of Fig. 4.
Fig. 3 is an elevational view of the front of the
machine, the cabinet cover having been cut to
show the interior parts.
Fig. 4 is a plan view of a portion of the ‘ma
Fig. 5 is a sectional view taken along the line
5—5 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 6 is a representation of a form of record
which is punched and printed by the present ma
Fig. 7 is a timing diagram showing the sequen
tial operations of the mechanisms of the ma
to a cross-over shaft 4| and said shaft also car
ries two pinions similar to pinion 40, one of
Fig. 8 is a detail view showing the operating
which meshes with a rack slide 42 (Fig. 4), which
mechanism for the slide aligning and locking 65 is adapted to adjust the type segment 43 (Fig. 3)
of the tens of thousands denominational order of
Fig. 9 is a plan view of the interloclnng de
the group 36. Another pinion like pinion 40 at
vices which control the magnitude of amounts
tached to shaft 4| meshes with the rack teeth
which can be entered in the machine.
_ of a, slide 44 (see Fig. 4) which adjusts the type
Fig. 10 is another View of such interlocking 70 segment 45 (Fig. 3) of the tens of thousands de
nominational order of the type segment group 35.
Fig. 11 is a transverse sectional view taken on
Summarizing, the setting of the slide 24 for the
the line H-H of Fig. 9. tens of thousands denominational order will ad
Fig. 12 is a schematic view of components of
just’three type segments 33, 43, 45 to thesame
the interlocking system.
. 75 digit position in the three groups. ‘
The slide, 23 for setting the thousands de»
nominational order amount has a direct gear
connection with the type segment 46 (Fig. 3)
for printing the thousands denominational order‘ -
digit in the type member group 31. Slide 23 also
Patent No. 1,772,492, issued to C. D. Lake, granted
August 12, 1930.
- -
' The card carriage on which the card 66 (Fig.
*6)’ is positioned within the machine for card
punching is shown in Figs. 1, 2, 3 and'5.
Figs. 1, 3 and 5 show the outward card re
has similar gear connections previously described’.
ceiving‘ position of the card receiving carriage
to rock a cross-over shaft 4'! (Fig. 2) and said
and Fig. Zshows the inward recording position of
cross-over shaft carries pinions similar to pinion
‘the carriage for correlating the card 66 to punch
4!! for adjusting slides 48 and 49 (see Fig. 4), for
ing and printing position. The card receiving
setting type segments 5ll-and 5! (Fig. 3) of the:
carriage consists of a ?at plate 10 suitably guided
thousands denominational order of the type:
for reciprocating movement in any suitable
groups 35 and 35. respectively. .Other similar
manner. Integral with the card carriage plate
connections arermade from the remaining manu
15 is a- downwardly-bent portion or apron ‘H
ally settable slides 20, 2! and 22 for adjusting.
providing a member to be grasped by the ?ngers
the type segments of the units, tens and hun~
‘for moving the carriage inwardly and restoring
dreds denominational order in the three type‘
it outwardly. .To properly locate the card on
groups 35, 36 and 3'5. In Fig. 2, reference nu
the carriage the forward right hand corner of
merals 52, 53 and 54 designate the cross-over
the plate has attached thereto a guide block 12
shafts related to the units, tens and hundreds
20 which is. shouldered so as to receive the right
denominational orders.
forward corner of the card 66. The left end of
In addition to the aforedescribed printing, the
the card carriage has also secured thereto a
machine also includes a card punching mecha»
guide block ‘13’ (Fig. 3) against which the for~
nism, the punching slides of which are set up
ward edge of thecard is positioned. Also at the
concurrently when manipulative members 25 are
left end of the card receiving carriage but in~
adjusted to the desired digit positions. vTo this: 25 *wardly there is secured a guide block 14 (see Fig.
end, as shown in Fig. 4 the cross-over jack
5), receiving the rear edge of the card, said block
shafts 4|, 53, 54, 52, 4'! extend to the left as the
"It being cut diagonally so as to guide the card
front of the machine is observed, to adjust ?ve
‘downwardly ?at against the card receiving plate
punch slides 55 of the punching section of the
“it and to operate a card lever to be subsequently
machine (Figs. 3 and 5) for setting up the ?ve Si) described.
denominational orders. A pinion 56 attached to
In view of the fact that the width of the card
each cross-over shaft meshes with the rack teeth
' receiving plate 10 is not coextensive with the
at the upper edges of the related punch slide 55.
width of the card 66, the left hand portion of the
The punch slides are slidably mounted between
card 66 to be punched extends to the left thereof
frame plates 51 and 58 and between such frame»
so that such overhanging portion ?ts in the card
plates there is provided a series of guide plates .
receiving slots 62 of the punch slides 55. To
59, (Fig. 3) between which the lower edges of ‘
further suitably support this overhanging por
the punch slides 55 are positioned so as to suit-_
tion attached to the punch frame plate 51 is a
- ably guide them in their differential positions.‘ 4-33 pair of spaced‘ guide blocks 15 (Fig. 3) which
receive the extreme left marginal edge of the
The length of the guides 59 is shown in Fig. 5
card. When the card carriage is in the out
from which it is observed that they effectively
ward position the operator manually places the
guide the punch slides 55 in all the diiferential
card on the card plate 10 so that it is aligned on
positions of the latter. Each rack slide consists
the plate by the aforementioned guide blocks and
of an upper portion bored to receive a punch,
members. The operator then grasps the apron
pin 60 (Fig. 5) and a lower portion bored to form
‘H and moves the card inwardly to the position
a punch die 5i. It will be seen that such por
shown in Fig. 2. In such position the three
tions are separated by a card receiving slot 82.
groups of printing members will be correlated
Each punch pin has an integral overlapping head‘
portion 65 overlying guide bar 63 of the punch 50 with the card to print on the card on the lines
A, B, C ‘(see Fig. 6) and at the different digit
depressing mechanism to be described in detail
positions of the punch slide the pins 60 will be
hereinafter. It will be seen that while the head
correlated with the index point positions corre
portion 65 overlies related guide bar 63 the head
sponding to the amount to be punched 0n the
portion 65 is always below a punch pin depressor
plate?ll in any digit position of the punch slide. , 55 card, printed, and entered in the machine. After
the operation of the main operating mechanism
When a punch slide is moved from the * posi
of. the machine the operator again grasps the
tion to the zero position its punch pin, Bil will
apron ‘H to move the punch carriage outwardly
perforate the zero index point position of the
so that the‘punched and printed card can be
card 66 shown in Fig. 6. Through the cross
over jack shaft, gear and rack connections just 60 removed therefrom for its intended use.
The means for operating the operating mech
described, the positioning of a manipulative
anisms of the machine in the required sequence
member to the rear of the machine for setting
is eifected by manual means consisting herein
up the digits 0, 1, 2, 3-9 in the named order will
of a crank handle 80 operable outside of the
cause the related punch slide to be positioned
forwardly, so that in the extreme forward posi~ 65 machine cabinet. The hub of said handle is
?xed to a driving gear 3| (see Figs. 1, 4 and 12)
tion of a punch slide the punch pin 69 will be‘
loosely vmounted upon a stud shaft 82. To oper
positioned to punch the 9 index point position,
ate the machine to ' effect printing and card
and intermediate digit positions of the manipula
punching, said handle is rotated one complete
tive member 2'5 will correspondingly provide in
termediate positions of the punch pin 6!) to punch 70
Gear 8i vmeshes with a gear 83 vso that the
index point positions corresponding to the digit .
setting‘. of ' the manipulative member 25.
‘punchfpins 60 have a column spacing which ef
fects punching of alternatecolumns 1, 3, 5, 7, Sci
latter and other elements attached thereto,v such
as cams and gears, are also rotated one com‘
plete revolution. Gear 83 is loose upon a stud
the form of record card shown herein and int 75 shaft 84.
Rotatable with gear 83 is a gear 85
' 7
./ mutilated to the - eXten.t ' that 1the'smalleregear
H16 of the punch slid s 55. ‘For reciprocating
86 it drives will be rotated one complete revolu
the aligning and locking ‘bail H5 there is pro.
vided a pair of arms H1 secured to a rock shaft
IE5 and said rock shaft carries at its extremity
adjacent the side plate 53 a spring urged arm
£59. A stud I 26 carried by an operating cam
tion by the time gearv 83, andthe crank handle
8t, will have rotated % of a revolution (or 300°).
During the remaining l/eOf a revolution of the
crank handle 80 and gear 83, gear 86 will be sta
tionary, this for reasons hereinafter disclosed.
I23 secured to the cam shaft 8'! actuates the arm
iii}. During the initial operation of the main
“carries cams for operating printing platens, rib
operating mechanism stud i2?! rocks arm H9
bon-feed, punch depressing mechanism etc., and -10 and shaft I I8, so that through arms III the align
ing and locking plate H5 .is elevated to cooper
_may therefore beconsidered as the cam shaft.
The power for operating the machine may, of
ate with one ‘of the aligning teeth 8 I6, dependent
course,v be derived by a motor but herein a crank
upon the position of the related punch slide 55.
handle'dii is shown- for simplicity and said handle
This locking relationship is maintained during
is rotated after the card carriage has been pushed
the time that the card punching operation is
inwardly in the machine and the amounts to be
effected by means now to be described.
punched and printed have been set up on the
The following described mechanism is utilized
to depress the punches to punch the card.
As will be subsequently described, an interlock
i A rock shaft I539 (Figs. 3 and 5) is carried by
ing system insures that before said crank handle 20 the side plates 5? and 58 of the punch unit. An
can be operated a card and only one card has
actuating plate IE2 is provided with a forward
been placed in the carriage; the latter has been
arm portion. 593 and a rear arm portion Hill and
pushed inwardly in the machine; and the units
is provided centrally with a guide slot H55 00
order manipulative device has been positioned
operating with the rock shaft I539. The punch
to some digit position 0-9.
25 operating frame includes a bottom plate iii-5 to
With the assumption that all of such pre
which the punch plate 554 is secured, (Fig. 3)
liminary operations have been carried out, the
and. two integral side plates lei; and I531. A stud
crank handle 80 is rotated to effect the opera
.lfiii is received by an open slot in the forward
tion of certain operating mechanisms of the
portion Iii; and a similar slot in the side
machine in the sequence shown in the timing 30 plate iii'i, said stud I558 being carried by an arm
diagram of Fig,- 7. During the initial operation
I99 loose on the rock shaft mil. Similarly the
of the operating mechanism of the machine the
rear arm I943 of the actuating plate I52 receives
rack slides are locked in their positions of ad
a stud Hi3 carried by an arm I! i secured to rock
justment to prevent the operator from inten
shaft Iilll, said studalso being received by a slot
tionally or accidentally moving any out of their
in the side plate Iill. The side plates I56 and
digit positions. Such locking is effected by pawls
I 07 also have guide slots received by the rock
Gear 85 is attached to end of a shaft 81 which
3i} and a positive lock bail 953 for the related
shaft rec. Obviously, when the actuating plate
rack slides which will, of course, lock all of the
592 is moved downwardly the interconnection
other rack slides movable therewith. Although
effected by the studs IE8 and I It will cause the side
this aligning and locking mechanism will also look 40 plate IE? to be moved downwardly with equal force '
the punch rack slides, the latter have a separate
at both extremities, thus moving the bottom plate
aiigning and locking mechanism to he subse
I85 and punch plate 6d similarly. To insure an
quently described.
equal depression of the side ,plate I £35 of the
Referring to Figs. 2 and 4, a transverse bail
punch operating frame, preferably through a
plate 95 is slidably guided in slots in side frames 45 duplicate of such interconnections the side plate
H} and II andsaid bail is carried by arms ill, 52
IE5 is also given an equal depressing movement
secured to a rock-shaft 93. Said bail plate 96
when the actuating plate I E2 is moved down
has slots in which fit the extremities of the
aligning pawls 3i; and in the normal position of
To effect such movement of the actuating
the bail plateBB said aligning pawls 3% may freely
plate I82, it will be seen that it is connected by
move in the slots vas they are reciprocated to
a pin (Fig. 5) to a double arm I2I pivoted on a
perform their aligning function.
stud I22. Follower rollers of said double arm
cooperate with complementary cams I23 secured
Connected to
the arm 92 is a pitman 95 (see Fig. 8-) and said
pitman carries at its lower end ‘follower rollers
to the cam shaft 8'5. Said cams have cam por
cooperating with complementary cams 9S ro ‘55 tions which are effective to depress the punch
tated by the cam shaft 8'5. The cams are of such
operating frame so that in accordance with the
formation, as shown in the‘timing diagramof
differential digit positions of the punch pins Bil
Fig. 7, that at the initial operation of the machine
the card will be punched. The punching opera
the cams will rock the arms ill, 52 and the shaft
tion is effected While the punch slides are held
93 to move the bail .93 downwardly, thus holding 60 aligned in locked position (see Fig. '7). The
.or rocking all pawls 36 to such a position that the
punch chips drop into av receptacle. ‘After the
settable slides wiil be aligned and locked in such
punching operation is effected the punching
position. The locking operation is continued '’
frame is restored to the normal position shown
during the time that the punching and printing
operations of the ‘machine are effected and there
after the cams 95 are operative to then elevate
bail plate 523 upwardly to normal position so
in Fig. 5.
The means for effecting printing impressions
from the three groups of ‘type members 35, 36,
31 and additional type members is best shown in
that the slides are again impositively aligned.
Figs. 2 and 3. Attached to a rock shaft I25 is a
During the time that the bail 3Q is-in restored
follower arm . I26 carrying the usual follower
position, the slides will be restored to normal 70 roller cooperating with print cam I27 secured to
position by means to be subsequently described.
cam shaft 81. Also attached to shaft I25 is an
- vFor aligning-the punch slides, there is an align
arm I28 to which a spring I29 is secured. The
ing and locking bail I I5 (Fig. 5) slidably mounted
follower arm 92% and arm i281 have forward and
in the side‘ plates 51, 58 of the punch unit and
downward extending arms I 30 carrying a rod I3I.
adapted to cooperate with the inter-dental teeth 75 Loosely mounted upon the rock shaft 124 are
three printing platen arms I32 carrying rubber
impression blocks spaced to cooperate with the
three groups of type segments 35, 36 and 31.‘
shaft I43 will be rocked counterclockwise.
be rocked counterclockwise, tensioning spring
I29. Since, as shown in Fig. 2, each of the print
tively restoring them’ and the sett'able manipu
lative devices 25 back to asterisk normal posi
tion. Of course, the three groups of type print
ing members 35, 35 and 31 and likewise through
Arms MI and 142 will then shift bail rod 2'! for
wardly and the latter will cooperate with the left
hand ends of the slots 28 in each of the slides,
As the cam I2‘! is rotated in a clockwise direction
picking them‘ up at diilerential times and posi
(Fig. 2) the follower arm I26 and arm I28 will
ing arms I32 normally rests upon the rod I3 I , the
former will drop downwardly following the
downward movement of the rod I3I. The fol 10 the interconnecting system previously described
the punch slides 55 will all be brought back to
lower arm I26 snaps at about 140° (see Fig. '7) to
the lowest portion of the cam i2? under the ac
Interlocking system
tion of the previously tensioned spring I29, thus
rocking the shaft I25. counterclockwise and
It is desirable to incorporate in the machine
quickly elevating the rod 53! from its lowermost 15 an interlocking system which will insure the
position. This rapid elevation of rod I3! snaps
proper performance of the machine, such as the
the rubber impression blocks against the type
requirementzthatya card and only one card be
segments 33 to effect an impression upon the
placed upon the punch carriage; the units order
‘card through the usual inking ribbon., To en
manipulative device 25 is set up to represent any
able the free movement of the impression blocks 20 digit position 0-9 or other than the asterisk posi
it is seen that the card carriage ‘Ill has slots I33
tion; the manipulative devices can be set up to
(see Fig, 2) through which such impression
enter amounts up to but not exceeding $100,00;
blocks pass.
the operation of the crank handle is prevented
It is also desirable to print at points D, E, F of
unless the card receiving carriage is in its in
the card 66 (see Fig. 6) with an impression which 25
punching and printing position, and the
comprises the stamp of the issuing of?ce and to
movement of the card receiving carriage out of
this end the additional printing arm's I34 (Fig.
its inward position is prevented once the oper
2) are provided. These are also loosely mount»
ation of the crank handle has been initiated.
ed on the rod I25 and since they also restupon
Pivotally carried by a bracket I50 (Figs. 5‘
the rod I3! they are struck by such rod to snap
and 12) attached to the underside of the card
rubber impression blocks I35 to take a printing 30 carriage
‘ID is a card operate-d lever I5I urged by
impression from three type members I35 which
I52 so that the extremity of said lever
carry the desired indicia. The card carriage is
projects through a slot I53 in the card carriage
provided with additional openings I31 to enable
the free movement of rubber impression blocks 35 plate 10 to project above its upper surface.’ The
aforementioned guide and card stop '14 is posi
tioned over the slot I53 so that when a cardis
As previously stated the means for inking the
placed upon the card carriage ‘I6 itwill be guided
type to e?ect the printing impression consists
by said guide stop 14 and its rear edge will
of the usual inking ribbon and brie?y the inking
ribbon is wide enough to pass underneath the 40 strike the extremity of the card lever I 5| to rock
the same. As long as the card remains on the
type members of the type groups 35, 38 and 3?
card carriage, said card lever I5I remains in’
and I36 is fed from one spool I38 to another
the rocked position as shown in Fig. 5. Integral
spool I36 (Fig. 3). If so desired, any suitable
with the card lever I50 is a stop arm I54 which,
ink ribbon reversing mechanism may be incor
porated so that a fresh portion of the inking 45 in the absence of a card on the card carriage, is
in thepath of a ?xed stud I55 as shown in Fig.
ribbon is fed to the printing type to secure more
12. When a card is placed on the card carriage
legible printing impressions.
and has rocked the card lever,v I5I the stop ex
It is, of course, necessary to restore the three
tension I_54 will be out of the path of the stud
groups of printing members 35, 38, 3'! and all the
rack slides back to normal position, preparatory 50 I55 and the card carriage may, therefore, be
moved completely inward and in such position it
to setting up a new amount in the machine.
ggerates mechanism to unlock the crank handle
This, in the present machine, is effected by re
storing means cooperating With all the rack
As mentioned in an earlier paragraph, means
slides shown in Fig. 4 and through the intercon
'nectin-g system previously described, resetting 55 are also provided to prevent the operation of
the machine if,,by accident or intent, an at
the three groups of type segments and the punch
tempt is made to place more than one card in
slides to normal position. At this time the ma
the carriage 10. Referring to Figures 5 andg12,
nipulative members 25 will all be at the asterisk
it will be seen that guide block 74,, and the upper
The resetting of the three groups of slides is 60 plane of carriage ‘III provide a horizontal slot for .
reception of the rear edge, of card. The rear edge
effected by the guide rod 21 previously referred
of card must enter the. slot su?iciently for the
to. Said rod 21 cooperates with elongated slots
edge of a card ‘to strike the end of the‘ slot in
23 in each of the three groups of slides and, is
block ‘I4 in order to actuate card. lever I5! as
guided in its reciprocating movement by similar
slots iii-5 (see Fig. 1) in the side members I!) and 65 previously described. The width of this slot is
such that one card can be inserted, but two or
II. Said restoring rod 2'! is carried by the ends
more cards cannot. Thus, it will be seen that
of arms IM and I42 (Fig. 3) secured to a rock
shaft M3. The arm MI (Fig. 1) has a link con
nection M3 to a follower arm I45 cooperating
' with complementary cams I43 rotatable with the
main drive gear 83. The cam formations are
such that at the termination of the printing im
pressions and the card punching operations the
follower arm I135 will be rocked so that through
since two or more cards cannot enter the hori
zontal portion of slot, card lever I5I will not be
70 actuated, thus preventing operation of machine
as previously described.
' A locking plate I51 (Fig. 12‘) is connected by ,
a stud I56-to the card carriage so as to have a
similar reciprocating movement as the card car
the interconnecting link M4 arms I4! and rock. 75' riage is moved inwardly and returned. The lock
ing plate I 51 is guided by the guide slot I58‘
therein receiving a guide stud I59.
In the normal outward position of the card
carriage the locking edge I69 (Fig. 12) of the
locking plateI5'I cooperates with a straight edge
I?I of a locking cam I62, secured to the cam shaft.
81. The normal locking relationship between
the coacting edges I60 and NH normally locks
the. crank handle 80 against rotation. If the
operator fails to place a card on the card car
riage or places two or more cards on the carriage,
to the related side frame I0, II by a screw I 80.
This provides‘ a guide for the movement of the
bar I76 and further limits its extent of move
ment. Secured to the bar I16 are studs ISI,
I82,’ I83, I84 and I85. The studs I52, I33, I64,
I85 arev so positioned that when each of the
slides 23, 22, 2! and 20 of the tens of dollars,
dollars, tens and cents denominational order are
adjusted away from the asterisk and “0” posi
tion to any of the digit positions 1-9, the ex
tremity of the moved slide will engage the round
ed portion of the related stud to shift the slide
bar I16 to the left as viewed in Figs. 9 and 10,
thus bringing stud I8I directly in the path of
the latter may be moved inwardly but since card
lever I5I has not been rocked the stop arm I54
will abut the stop stud I55 and while the car
riage may be moved a certain distance inwardly, 15 movement of the slide 24 of the hundreds of
a locking relationship between the edges I80 and
dollars denomination. Hence,,it is obvious that
ISI will still be maintained and the crank handle
when any of the bars 23, 22, 2| and 20 are po
will still be locked against rotation. This will be
sitioned to any digit position 1-9, any subsequent
an indication to the operator that there has been
positioning of the slide 24 away from the normal
a failure to place a card upon the card carriage
.' zero position will be prevented. Hence, any
or he has two or more cards thereon. When only
one card has been properly placed on carriage,
card lever I5I will be rocked, bringing stop arm
I54 out of the path of stop stud I55 and now the
looking plate I51 can be moved to its extreme in- ~ I
ward position, bringing the locking edge I60 out
of locking relationship with the locking edge 'IEI.
Assuming that another lock to be subsequently
described has been disabled, the crank handle 8%]
amount up to 99.99 may be set up in the machine
and in any of such amount settings slide 24 will be
locked by the interlocking mechanism just de—
Conversely when slide 24 is positioned to the 1
digit position, the extremity of the slide will en~
gage the stud I8I to cam the slide bar I16 to the
right as shown in Figs. 9 and 10 and all of the
studs vI82, I83, I84, I85 are now directly in the
may now be rotated to operate the machine. - ' path of movement of the slides 23, 22, 2|, and
During the initial rotation of the cam shaft 87
the periphery I63 of cam It? will cooperate with
the surface or edge I64 of the locking plate I57.
20. Hence, any initial setting of the slide 24 to a
1 digit position will prevent movement of lower
denominational slides away from the zero posi~
This locking relationship is maintained during
tion. It is pointed out that the guide slot for
substantially the complete rotation of the cam 35 the manipulative device 25 associated with the
shaft 81 to prevent the operator from restoring
hundreds of dollars denominational order slide
the card carriage outwardly until all operations
24 is preferably cut so as to prevent setting of
of the machine have been completely performed.
such slide beyond the 1 digit position (see Fig. 4) .
An additional lock to prevent the rotation of
The above interlocking system is simple in
the crank handle 80 until slide 26 has been moved 40 construction but efficiently performs its function
to any digit position 0-9 is also shown in Figs.
and is provided for the purpose of preventing
4 and 12. It will be seen that pivoted on the side
setting up of amounts exceeding $100.00 which
plate II is a bell crank I65 urged by a spring
is intended to be the limit amount punched and
I66 so that its vertical arm coacts with a stud
printed on the cards.
IG'I attached to gear 83. The units order rack 45
Entry accumulator mechanism
slide 20 is provided with a cam portion i081which
is in the plane of a stud I59 carried by one arm
While not essential to the utility of the ma
of the bell crank I55. In any digit position 0-9
chine so far described, it is also desirable to add
of the units order slide~20 said cam portion I68
or accumulate the amounts entered in the ma
coacting with the stud I69‘, will rock the bell 50 chine and to this end there is provided an ac
crank I05, bringing its vertical arm out of lock
cumulator in which the main elements thereof
ing cooperation with the stud It'I, thereby dis
are-carried by a frame including frame plates
abling this normal lock for the crank handle.
I90 and HM (see Fig. 4). The frame plate I90
At the termination of the operation of the
is' mounted for vertical reciprocating movement
machine the units order slide 20 as well'as the
in the side plate I0 whereas the frame plate I§I
others are restored to asterisk position at which
is slidably'mounted in a supplemental parallel
time stud IE9 is out of cooperation with the cam
sub-frame plate I92. The frame plates I99 and
edge I68, enabling spring I56 vto again restore
IBI carry rods I95, I96 and I9? (Fig. 2) on which
bell crank I65 to normal locking position cooper
are pivotally mounted the accumulator wheels
ating with the locking stud I61.
60 £98, idler gears I99; and actuating gears 200, the
latter being adapted when the accumulator frame
Interlocking system for predetermining _ma:ci
is depressed to mesh with related actuating racks
mum amount to be entered in the machine
20I. From Fig.‘ 4 it will be observed that the
Another interlocking system is associated with
set of slides which are adapted to adjust the type
the slides set by the manipulative devices 25
carriergroup 3‘! have each slidably mounted
which prevents setting up of amounts exceeding
thereon in the usual manner the actuating racks
$100.00. Such interlocking mechanism is shown
20L Each rack 2M has an independent units
in Figs. 4, 9, 10 and 11. Slidably mounted in
movement on'the related slide for rotating the
slots in the side plates I9 and II is a slide bar
related accumulator wheel I 98 and additional
I16 and said bar is freely movable to the right
unit when units carries are to be effected. The
or left, depending upon its position of the ad
accumulator frame is normally elevated in the
justment effected by the slides. To limit the'
position shown in Fig. 2 and cooperating with
extent of movement of the slide bar I75, the
the accumulator frame is a plurality of cam arms
latter is-providedwith a rectangular notch in
202. and MI3'(Figs.1 2‘and'4). Each of said cam
which ?ts thetongue I'It of a plate l'l?lsecured 75 arms or'plateshasca cam slot 204' cooperating
with extensions of rod [91 adapted when the
cam plate is rocked counterclockwise by rocking
of a shaft 205 to which the cam plates are se
cured to cause the downward movement of the
accumulator unit to enmesh the actuating gears
200 with the differentially positioned racks 20!.
rod~220 strikes the pawls 2!!! to rock them to
unlatching position. In so doing, springs 222
connected to the transfer bell crank-arms 2*!0
rock transfer bell crank arms 2H1 to their latch
ing position to relatch the actuating racks 20!
in the position shown in Fig. 2.
Item counter
Secured to the rock shaft~2il5 is a follower bell
crank arm 206 (Fig. 1) cooperating with com
While not essential,.it is desirable to provide
plementary cams 2M rotatable with the main
I-the machine with an item or unit counter of the
driving gear 83.
Veeder type which will count the number of op
enmesh the accumulator gears 200 with the dif- .
erations of the crank handle. This will provide
ferentially positioned racks 201 just prior ‘to the
a check for the number of cards which should
time that the rack slides are restored by the
be punched and printed.
restoring bar 21 (see Fig. 7) . Restoration of the
Mounted on a suitable bracket is a units
racks 20! back to forward position will rotate 15 counter 226 (Fig. 1) of the customary Veeder
gears 20c and through idler gears» I99 the ac
type. The actuating arm 22'! of such units
cumulator wheels I98 will be rotated commensu
counter extends outside of the casing and has a
rately with the amounts set up invthe machine.
pin and slot connection to an arm 228 attached ‘
When such entry has been effected the cam plates
to the rock shaft 205. As stated, for each oper
292,203 are rockedclockwise, thereby bringing 20 ation of the crank handle, shaft 205 is rocked
the accumulator frame to its normal elevated
to perform its functions and will also rock the
position. In such position the rack slides- may , arm 228 and through the latter the actuating
be freely adjusted to enter the next amount in
arm 2'21 of the counter so as to add a unit there
the machine.
to. The units counter includes a series of digit
As previously described, gear 86 completes its 25 wheels and the digit representations on the
rotational; 306° of hand'crank movement. Re
ferring to the timing chart (Fig. '7) it will be,
wheels are visible through a window in the
seen vthat accumulator is still meshed with set--=~
up racks, and setup‘slid'es have just been com
In order to ‘simplify the construction of the
machine neither the item counter 226 nor the
cabinet of ‘the machine 7
pletely restored. to their normal asterisk posi 30' accumulator is'capable of being reset to zero.
tion at about the‘time main cam shaft 81 has
The amounts accumulated during any period is
completed its'rotation. Additional time is thus
found by subtracting the amount registered
necessary to return restoring rod 21 to its nore
thereon at the beginning of a period from the
mal rearward position as shown in Fig. 1, and to
~ last amount. The corresponding mathematical
disengage the accumulator wheels from adding 35 computation performed in connection with the
racks '2!!! and assume the position shown in Fig. ‘
units counter will also give the number of ma~
2. These functions are performed during the
chine operations during a given period. ‘
remaining 54° of movement of the hand crank
While‘ there have been shown and described
and pointed out the fundamental novel features
The machine also includes the usual form of 40 of the invention, it will be understood that var
units carry device which comprises, in the pres~
ious omissions and substitutions and changes in
ent instance, a bell crank 203, the arm 2&9 there
the form and details of the device illustrated
of being engaged by the transfer pin when an
and'in its operation may be made by those skilled
accumulator order wheel goes from 9-0.
in the art without departing from the spirit of
rocking of the bell crank in a counterclockwise 45 the invention. It is the intention, therefore, to
direction will disengage the latching extension.’
be limited only as indicated by the scope of the
2H] from the projection 2H of the accumulator
following claims.
actuating rack 20! of next higher order. This
What is claimed is:
will permit a movement of the rack 28! inde
1. In a machine of the class described, the
pendent of the slide which carries it so as to
combination of a plurality of denominationally
additionally rotate the neXt higher’ order ac
ordered slides manually positionable to selected
cumulator wheel a unit.
Thus, units carries are
digit positions 0-9, punches carried by said slides
effected in the Well known manner.
to effect 0-9 digit punching on record material
For restoring those racks 20! which have been
associated with said punches, a plurality of look
unlatched for transfer operations, there is pro
‘ing means for each slide and operatively asso
vided a slidablymounted bail 2H2 which engages
ciated therewith, said locking means for each
the forward ends of each of the ,unlatched racks
slide of lower denominational order being ren
20! so that they are again latched in the posi
dered effective to look all slides of lower de
tion shown in Fig. 2. The upper end of each
nominational' order by the slide of highest de-v
double arm 2E3 pivoted on a rod 2“! has a pin 60'~ nominational order when the latter is set to a l
and slot connection 2 l 5 with one side plate of the
digit position, and conversely the ‘locking means
bail 212. The lower arm of one of the double '
of the slide of higher denominational order be
arms 2H5 is ‘connected to a pitman 2H5 having a
ing rendered effective to lock the slide ‘of highest
follower roller 2!’? ‘cooperating with a pro?le cam
denominational order by any slide of lower dc
2&8. The “cam formation of said cam 2|8 is O; tilI nominational order when set to a 1 digit posi
adapted to shift bail 2I2 at the initial operation
of the machine so as torelatch all of the un
latched slides 2M previously utilized for trans
2. In a machine of the class described, the
combination of a plurality of denominationally
_ ,
ordered slides manually positionable to selected
Latching pawls 2H9 (Fig. 2) latch the ‘rocked 70 ' digit positions 0-9, punches carried by said slides
transfer bell cranks 208. The arms 2i3 carry
to effect 0-9 digit punching on record material
at their lower extremities a rod 220 which 00- '
associated with said punches, a bar carrying a
operate with tails 22i of the latching pawls 2l9.
plurality of locking studs, each engaged by a
When bail 2l2 restores the unlatched racks’ 2M
related slide to move said bar, the locking stud
fer operations
which have been [used for units carry operations, 15.
associated with ' the "slide of Y highest" denomina
tionaloiderbeing moved to locking
manuallf'placéd 1? on‘, the carriage f‘to': release the ’
carriage for manual positioning toithev punching
actuate said"punchingfelements, said mainoperé
., _
the movement of the‘bar e'?ected
by ‘the
position, a ~main- operating means ' operated to
ation of any slide of ‘lower denominational orders -~
with its related stud, and a’ plurality of studs'as'é'
‘ ati‘ng" means including a
sociated with the slides of lower denominational
cam having" a locking
surface,v Va" shiftabl'el member having a surface
orders being moved'to locking position by the
movement of the bar effected by the cooperation
of the ‘slide of highest denominational order with
normally cooperating “with the cam locking 'sur~
face-to normally 'locksaid operating means, and
its related stud.
3. In a machine of the“ class described, the‘
combination of a plurality of 'd'e'nominationally
means to connect said card carriage and said
shiftable member to'cause said member to be
shifted to a ‘position 'disassociating said cooperat}
ing locking-surfaces‘ to unlock said operating
means when said carriage is-released-'formanuai
ordered slides manually positioned to selected
digit positions 0-9, punches carried by said slides '
positioning to the punching position. '
to effect 0-9 digit punching on record/material
associated‘ with said punches, and interlocking ‘T
means associated with the'slide of highest de
nominational order'and the slide of'each lower
denominational order to prevent the setting of
8. A machine vofithe vclass described, compris
manually positionable'fronia card receiving posi
any of said slides of lower denominational order
by said carriage ‘and shiftable'rby the card man
ing a series of punching elements; a card carriage
tion to a card‘ punching" positi'on'a‘ssociated with
said punching elements, a' lock'lmember' carried
to any digit position other than 0 when the slide
of highest denominational order is set torepre~
sent the 1 digit position.
ually placed on thefcarriage to release the car
riage fonmanual positioning, a-main operating
means operated to! actuate ‘said punchingele
4. In a machine of the class described, the
ments, said main operating means including a
rotatable'cam having a locking‘ surface and a
combination of a plurality of denominationally '
ordered slides manually positioned to selected
digit positions 0-9, punches carried by said slides
supplemental locking surface, a‘shiftable mem
ber having a surface ‘normally cooperating with
to e?ect 0-9 digit punching on record material
the cam locking surface to normally lock said op
erating ‘means,'means to connect said card car
associated with said punches, and interlocking
means associated with the slide of highest de~ 3D riagé and said member to shift said memberto a
nominational order and the slide of each lower
position disassociating ' said "cooperating locking
denominational order to prevent the setting of
any of said slides of lower denominational order
to any digit position other than 0 when the slide
of highest denominational order is set to repre
sent the 1 digit position, and conversely to pre
vent the setting of the slide of highest denom
inational order to the 1 digit position when any
of the slides of lower denominational order is
set to a digit position greater than 0.
5. An interlocking system for a plurality of
slides comprising a bar, a plurality of studs car
surfaces to unlock said operating means and said
cam for rotation when said carriage is moved to
card punching position, said supplemental lock~
ing surface of said cam locking said member to
lock said carriage in card’punching position by
the rotation of said cam effected during the oper
ation of said operating‘means.
9. A machine of the class described, compris
40 ing a series of punchingelements, a card car
riage manually positionable from a card receiv
ing position to a card punching position asso
ried by said bar, each normally engaged by a
ciated with said punching elements, a lock mem
related slide to shift said bar to lock only one
ber carried bysaid carriage and shiftable by the
slide by the cooperation of a supplemental stud :; card manually placed on the carriage to release
with that slide, said supplemental stud being car
ried by said bar and so positioned that when the
related slide is moved its engagement with said
supplemental stud shifts the bar'and vsaid plu
rality of studs to locking ‘position for all of the
remaining slides.
6. A machine ofthe class described compris
ing a series of punohingeleme'nts, a- card vcar
riage manually positionablefrom a card receiving -_
the card carriage for manual positioning, a main
operating means operated to actuate said punch
ing elements, said main operating means includ
ing a rotatable locking earn, a shiftable member
connected to said card carriage, and interlock.
means associated with said locking cam and said ,
member to prevent 'the'operation of said operat
ing means unless said carriage is in card punch
ing position, and to prevent the movement of said
position to a card punching'position associated ‘55 carriage away from card punching position once
with said punching elements, a lock member car
the operationv of said operating means is e?ected.
ried by said carriage and shiftable by ‘the card»
lO.'In'a card punching machine, in combina
manually placed on'the carriage to release the
tionya plurality of 'denominationallyordered de
carriage for manual positioning to punching po
vices,‘selected devices being settable prior to an
sition, a main operating ‘means operated to ac? 60 operation of the machine to determine the
tuate said punching elements, a shiftable mem'é
amount ‘tobe punched, a plurality of punch pin
ber connected to said card carriage,‘ andl'inte'r'r
carrying bars settable'under control of said set
lock means associated with" said operating‘.
table devices,'comprising for each bar a single
means and said member‘ to ‘prevent the opera
punch pin and correlated die aperture oppositely
tion'of the operating means unless said carriage‘, 65
is in card punching position, and to prevent the
movement of said carriage away from card
punching position once the operation ‘of said
operating means is effected.
disposed of a closed card receiving'sl'ot in said
banan operatin'g'means for said machine in
cluding a normally ‘locked ‘manipulative ‘device,
a carriage movableinwardly ‘of the‘machine to
correlate a card thereon‘to said punching pins,
7.‘A machine of the class: described compris-' 70 a'card lever on said carriage‘ and vincluding a
member actuated thereby, an abutment co
riage manually positionable from‘ acarcl~ receiving‘; lock
with said'lock'member to prevent com
position to a card punching position associated
plete inward movement of'said‘ carriage to punch
with ‘said punching elements, a lockmembenca'ré " ing’ position ‘without operation of’ said ’ card lever
riedby said ' ‘carriage ‘and ‘shiftab'le‘ by'the mail-75 due to vthe absence of a’ca'rd' on said carriage, and
ing a series of punching elements, a card car
means for normally locking said manipulative
device including means shiftable for ‘said car
riage, said last named means being shiftable to
unlocking position when said carriage is moved
completely inward of the machine.
11. In a card punching machine, in combina
tion, a plurality of denominationally ordered de
vices, selected devices being settable prior to an
operation of the machine to digit positions 1-9,
a plurality of punch pin carrying bars settable 10
under control of said settable devices, comprising
for each bar a single punch pin and correlated
die aperture oppositely disposed of a closed card
receivingr slot in said bar, an operating means for
said machine including a normally locked ma
nipulative device, locking means for said ma
nipulative device, and means controlled by only
one of said devices for disabling said locking
means when said device is positioned to any of
the digit positions 1-9.
12. In a card punching machine, in combina
tion, a plurality of denominationally ordered de
vices, said devices being settable prior to an op
eration of the machine to determine the amount
index point positions, means for guiding said car
riage in the machine to enable its manual inser
tion in the machine in the direction of said card
columns to e?ect the correlation of said columns
with the differentially positioned punch pins,
means to actuate the punch pins, blocking means
to prevent manual insertion of said card carriage,
and means comprising a card leverv actuated by
a card on the carriage to disable said blocking
13. In a card punching machine, in combina
tion, a plurality of denominationally ordered ‘de
vices, said devices being settable prior toan opera
tion of the machine to determine the amountvto
be punched, a plurality of punch pin carrying
bars differentially settable under control of said
settable devices, comprising for each bar a single
punch pin and correlated die aperture oppositely
disposed of a closed card receiving slot in said
bar, a movable card carriage having means for
carrying a card having vertical (as the card is
customarily viewed for interpretation) denomi
nationally ordered digit representing columns,
punch pin and correlated die aperture oppositely
each of which contains the di?erent index point
positions, means for guiding said carriage in the
machine to enable its manual insertion in the
machine in the direction of said digit represent
ing card columns to effect the correlation of said
disposed of a closed card receiving slot in said
bar, a card carriage having means for carrying
pins, and means to actuate the punch pins.
to be punched, a plurality of punch pin carrying l
bars di?erentially settable under control of said
settable devices, comprising for each bar a single
a card having vertical denominationally ordered
columns, each of which contains the di?erent
columns with the differentially positioned punch
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