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i Jan- 7, 1947-
v. L. BEEHLER
2,413,903
" RESCUE HARNESS
Filed oet. 5, 1945 '
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000060-0600‘00
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A
INVEN
¿i4 ATTORNEYS
2,413,903
Patented Jan. 7, 1947
UNITED STATES PATENTl OFFICE
`
2,413,903
RESCUE HARNESS
Vernon L. Beehler, Lewiston, N. Y.
Application Gotober 5, 1945, Serial No. 620,433
l Claim. (Cl. 227-49)
l
2
This invention relates to harness by which
makes it easier to pull the victim through the
manhole.
The preferred embodiment of the invention is
illustrated in the accompanying drawing in
workmen who have become unconscious can be
rescued from enclosures which they have entered
through manholes.
When men work in such enclosures in which
there may be noxious gases or fumes by which
they may be overcome, it is customary practice
for them to wear a harness from which a rope
extends up through the manhole to a watcher
outside. In case the workman is overcome, the
watcher pulls on the rope to lift him through
the manhole so that he can be revived. Here
tofore, this harness generally has been fitted
around the body of the man with straps passing
between his legs. If he is lifted by the rescue
rope, his arms will drop to his sides and he will
slump forward. This makes it diñcult to lift
him through the manhole, because the back of
his head and his shoulders reach the manhole
first so that he has to be held there while his
rescuer reaches down through the hole and works
the victim’s arms up through the manhole be
fore he can be pulled through it. Also, the
buckles on the rescue harness often catch on
the side of the manhole and thus add further
interference to the rescue.
It is among the objects of this invention to
provide rescue harness which is very simple and
which Fig. 1 is a side view of one of the wrist
bands, and Fig. 2 is a fragmentary vertical sec
tion through a tank showing a man wearing my
rescue harness.
Referring to the drawing, a pair of wrist bands
are used, preferably one formed for the right
wrist and one for the left, but as they are made
in the same way only one will be described in
detail. Each band may be in the form of a
leather strap by which sprained wrists often are
braced. The band has a wide body I long enough
to wrap around the wrist and from one end of
which a pair of integral straps 2 extend. The
opposite end of the body is provided with a pair
of buckles for receiving the straps. Behind the
buckles there is a pair of slots 4 in the leather
body and through which the straps are passed
and then wrapped around the body once before
being inserted in theibuckles. This is the usual
way of fastening bracing bands on the wrist.
Beside the outer edge of the body of the band
there is a D-ring 6 which is connected to the
band. Preferably, a leather loop 'l extends
through the ring and along opposite sides of the
band to which it is stitched and riveted. If de
with a workman’s hands while he is working, 30 sired, this loop can be reinforced by a similar loop
of metal inside of it, but in any event the loop
and by which a man can be lifted by his arms.
and ring must be strong enough to support the
In accordance with this invention a pair of
light in construction, which does not interfere
wrist bands are strapped to the wrists of a work
man before he lowers himself through a man~
weight of a man.
One of these leather bands is strapped around
each wrist of a workman with the adjoining ring
hole into a tank or other enclosure in which 35 E lying along the back of his hand. A rescue rope
there is a possibility that he may lose conscious
8 is passed loosely through one of the rings and
ness. Secured to each of these bands is a ring.
A rescue rope extending down through the man
hole is run loosely through one of the rings and
its end is tied to the other ring. The workman
is permitted to use his hands freely because they
are not tied together. However, should the
workman be overcome in the tank, the watcher
across to the other ring to which it is securely
tied as shown in Fig. 2. The workman then
40 lowers himself through the manhole 9 into a
tank I0 or the like, leaving the outer end of the
rope outside where a helper or watcher stands
ready to rescue the workman in case'he should be
overcome or lose consciousness for any reason.
outside will pull on the rope which will slide 45 Of course, the wrist bands are no inconvenience
through'one of the rings and thereby draw the
in themselves, and the rope does not interfere
two rings toward each other until the victim’s
appreciably with the activities of the workman.
hands are together. At the same time the rope
If desired, the center of the length of rope be
will pull the hands and arms above the head.
tween his two hands can be clipped in any suit
After the hands have come together, continued 50 able manner to his clothing to help keep it out
pull on the rope will lift the man, hands ñrst,
of the way. Due to the fact that the rope ex
through the manhole. In this way the man comes
tends loosely through one of the rings, it does
straight up through the manhole without slump
not tie the hands together, so they are left vin
ing over. As soon as his hands reach the man
tually as free and independent of each other as
hole they can be grasped bythe rescuer, which 55 if the rope were not present.
2,413,903
3
In case the workman loses consciousness and
slumps down in the bottom of the tank, the help
According to the provisions of the patent stat
utes, I have explained the principle and con
er outside pulls on the rope which slides through
struction of my invention and have illustrated
one of the rings and thereby draws the work
and described what I now consider to represent
man’s hands together. At the same time, his ol its best embodiment. However, I desire to have
hands and arms are raised above his head or
extended toward the manhole as indicated in
broken lines in Fig. 2. As the rescuer continues
to pull on the rope the victim is raised from the
ñoor and lifted until his hands reach the man
it understood that, within the scope of the ap
pended claim, the invention may be practiced
otherwise than as speciñcally illustrated and de
scribed.
I claim:
hole where they can be grasped to lift his body
Rescue harness for a workman below a man
from the tank. This is much easier than having
hole through which a rescue rope extends, said
to lift the man by the rope until his head and
harness comprising a pair of wrist bands adapted
shoulders reach the manhole, and then having
to be Worn by the workman, a ring adjacent the
to pull his arms up past his head and through 15 outer edge of each band, and a loop member
the hole. As the Weight of the man is suspended
passing through each ring and secured to the
from the wrist bands above his head, he is lifted
side of the adjoining band to attach the ring to
up to the manhole straight rather than in a
the band, said rings being adapted to have the
seated or slumped position which makes it dini
rope extend slidably through one of them and
cult to reach his arms and to pull him through 20 tied to the other, whereby the hands of the
the manhole. Also, with his arms extending
workman are free of each other unless the rope
above his head his shoulders do not take up as
is lpulled upwardly to draw his hands together
much space as they would if his arms were hang
above his head.
ing down at his sides as heretofore.
VERNON L. BEEHLER.
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