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Jan. 7, 1947.
2,413,970
‘T. G. HAWLEY, JR
FABRIC mo umnon or 111mm sun
Filed July 3, 19743
[-65
/4
IN VENTOR.
mama‘ _ @. mun/15>’, J/f.
BY
.A T TOHNEY
Patented Jan. 7, 1947 '
2,413,970
UNITED STATES. PATENT OFFICE
‘FABRIC AND METHOD OF MAKING sAMn
Thomas G.- Hawley, Jr., Naugatuck, Co'nn., as
signor to‘ United States Rubber Company,
New York, N. Y., a corporation of New Jersey
Application July 3, 1943, Serial No. 493,411
11 Claims. (Cl. 154-548)
1
~ This invention relates to an improved com
posite fabric containing a textile fabric having its
yarns retained ‘in a greater spaced relation in
the textile fabric, and sueh elastic porous fabrics
containing knitted rayon or silk-like textile fab
r-ic are particularly useful ‘for bathing suit and
respect to each other in some areas than in others
other wearing apparel material.
by a composition network adhered thereto, there 5
The invention is described in further detail in
by increasing the porosity of the textile fabric
reference to the accompanying drawing, in
opposite the openings in the composition net?
‘work and/or producing ornamental designs
Fig. l is a plan view of an extendible piece of
therein. The invention also relates to the meth
textile fabric having no designs formed therein
od of making such composite fabric.
during its construction by the interlacing» of the
Heretofore it has been the practice to arrange
yarns:
‘
1
which:
the threads in a textile fabric ‘during the con
‘
.
Fig. 2 is a plan view of the fabric shown in.
struction of the fabricso as to form lace work
‘designs therein, wherein the threads in certain
Fig. 1 having a net work of plastic ‘composition
applied thereto;
areas are spaced farther apart than in other
areas. In accordance with the present method
an extendible textile fabric may be‘v woven, or
knitted or otherwise constructed without worked
in designs and with a uniform surface appear
'
.
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the composition network
side of the ?nished composite fabric embodying
this invention, 'which results from stretching the
fabric from the position shown in Fig. 2,'and set
ting the ‘plastic composition network; and
ance throughout, and'the spacings of the threads 20 . Fig; 4 is a plan view of the face, or textile side
may be thereafter changed by adhering a plastic
of the ?nished fabric, which is the reverse side of
composition network to the.fabric, then stretch
the composite fabric shown in Fig. 3.
ing the network in the plastic state with the fabThe finished relaxed composite textile and
ric, and setting the composition network on the
composition fabric l0 embodying this invention is
textile fabric in the stretchedposition.
shown in Figs. 3 and 4 of the drawing. Fig. 3 il
In the resulting composite fabric the yarns op
lustrat'es the side of the textile fabric H having
posite the openings in the composition network
the composition network [2 adhered thereto, and
are spaced farther apart than the yarns of the
Fig. {illustrates the face of the textile fabric ll
textile fabric opposite to the composition of the ' withrthe composition n'etworkllapplied to the
‘ network. The face of the composite fabric, that 30 back side. Referring to Fig. 4, the yarns ‘l3 of the
is, the surface of the side not in contact with
textile fabric vl-l/are spaced farther apart oppo~
the network, has a lace work design formed
site the openings H in the composition network
thereon, in which relatively large openings are
I 2 than the yarnsin the textile fabric in the
formed between the yarns opposite the openings
bands l5 which are adhered to the composition.
in the network, and the yarns are retained in a
Such a construction produces a lace work effect
relatively closely compact vrelation opposite the
in the fabric, and increases the porosity of the
composition to which they are adhered.
,'
textile fabric opposite the openings I 4.
Pronounced high and low light‘ re?ecting
The composite textile and composition fabric is
effects are produced ‘on the face side of the com
made by applying an open network l2 of plastic
posite fabric. particularly when the textile fab 40 composition as shown in Fig. 2 to an un?gured
ric has a high gloss, such as is found in silk,’ or
silk-like fabrics, for example, rayon and similar
fabrics. The high lights emanate from the areas
of the textile fabric opposite the composition net
work in which the threads are retained rela
tively close together, and the low lightsv emanate
from the areas ‘of the textile fabric opposite the
45
stretchable textile fabric H, such as shown in
Fig. '1. After the plastic network I2 has been
applied, thetextile fabric II with the network
thereon is stretched transversely, that is, in the
direction of the double arrow‘ A. ' When so
stretched the composition network l2 retains the
.yarns of the textile fabric I I in the bands l5 sub
openings in the network in which the threads are
stantially in the position they occupied at the
not retained in such close relation and may be
time the composition I2 was adhered thereto,
spaced so as to produce openings between the 50 excepting thatsome of the lines l6 of the textile
threads.
.
Fabrics made in accordance with this invention
fabric in' the bands l5 are caused to assume a
curved arrangement. The yarns are spread
farther apart in the openings ll of- the network,
are useful for their ornamental appearance and
as porous fabrics. The fabric may be‘made elas
thereby making larger openings I3’ between the
tic by applying an elastic composition network to 65 yams L3'
2,413,970
v.3
4
As shown in Fig. 2 the openings H are origi
nally formed in a diamond shape, and when the
composition network is stretched laterally in the
direction of the double arrow A, the vertically
ther after the rubber has been cured, and when
the fabric is in a relaxed or unstretched condi
tion.
>
If desired the knitted fabric may be stretched
in two directions transverse to one another prior
to setting the rubber, but if elasticity is desired
in the relaxed ?nished fabric in both directions,
some further stretch must be left in the fabric
opposite corners of the diamonds are drawn closer
together, as the horizontally opposite corners of
the diamonds recede from one another. As
shown in Fig. 3 the diamonds assume substantially
in each such direction.
‘
.
the shape of a square. In this transformation,
It has been found that relatively ?ne gauge
the composite fabric as shown in Fig. 2 becomes 10
knitted fabrics, such for example as those knitted
narrower in the direction transverse to the
on a spring beard circular-knitting machine hav
stretch and more elongated in’the' direction of
ing about 28 needles to the inch of the circum
stretch, as shown in its ?nal position in Fig. 3.
ference, give excellent results when treated in ac
However, if the textile fabric II is extendable in
both the horizontal and vertical directions (hav 15 cordance with this process. Very pleasing, or
attractive design effects are produced on such ?ne
ing reference to Fig. 2), the textile fabric with
gauge knitted fabrics having a high gloss, such
the plastic composition thereon may be stretched
in both directions, and the general diamond shape
of the openings It may be retained. In the lat
as rayon, silk or the like.
In such fabrics the
high and low light effects are very attractive.
As shown herein the composite fabric is made
ter case, the appearance, or arrangement of the 20
from a single ply of textile fabric H having a
yarns I 3 may be slightly different, but the spread
composition network I2 adhered thereto. If de
ing of the yarns orlace work effect of the tex
sired, however, a second ply of textile fabric may
tile fabric opposite‘the openings I4 in the net
be ‘adhered to the composition network’ l2 after
work may be produced. Of course other shapes
it has been adhered to the ?rst ply H in Fig. 2
of openings in the network l2 may be used ‘to
so as to sandwich the network between the fabric
produce various designs on the ?nished fabric.
plies and produce an all textile surface composite
After the textile fabric H with the composi
fabric by thereafter treating the fabric as de
tion network l2 thereon has been stretched a suit
scribed herein.
able amount, for example in the proportion as
While the preferred form of this invention has
shown by Figs. 2 and 3, the composition network 30
been described herein, the details may be changed
I2 is set in its ?nished or ?nal condition. When
without departing from the spirit of this invention
the composition is set or cured, it retains the rela
or the scope of the claims,.and it is desired to
tive positions of the yarns l3 of the textile fab
claim the invention.as broadly as permitted by
ric II as shown in Figs. 3 and 4.
' The composition network may be deposited di
rectly on the textile fabric from coating mate
rials which are capable pf being applied in the
35 the prior art.
‘
‘
Having thus described my invention what I
' claim and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:
l. A.relaxed composite fabric comprising a
liquid .or plastic state, and thereafter stretched
layer of textile fabric having interconnected
and set without losing their adhesion and strength
required to retain the textile fabric in its ?nal 40 threads, a composition network adhered to said
textile fabric, and said threads of. the textile
adjusted position. Depending upon the degree of
fabric opposite said composition being retained
elasticity desired .invthe network, nitrocellulose,
in closer proximity to one another by said com
vinyl resin, and rubber containing coatings are
position than the threads opposite the openings
suitable. For the purpose of making an elastic
in said network.
,.
fabric, it is preferred to make the composite fab
2. A relaxed composite fabric comprising a
ric from a textile fabric provided with consider
layer of textile fabric having interconnected
able initial stretch and having a network of rub
threads, and a network of ?exible composition
ber deposited thereon from a rubber containing
adhered to said textile fabric, and said threads
?uid, preferably a latex composition.
The plastic composition network maybe ap 50 of the textile fabric opposite the openings in said
network of composition being in’ a greater ex
plied and adhered to the textile fabric by—trans
tended condition than in the area of the fabric to
ferringjt from inte connected grooves in the sur
which said composition is adhered.
face of an applicalkg roll as it is rolled in con
tact with the fabric in accordance with the known
practice. The plastic ‘network may be extruded
' 3. A relaxed composite fabric comprising a
layer of textile fabric having‘ interconnected
55 threads, a layer of ?exible composition having
onto and adhered to the fabric from suitably ar
spaced openings formed therein and adhered to
ranged nozzles as described in co-pending Hawley
said textile fabric,‘ and the'openlng between the
and Dorazio patent application Serial No. 425.
, threads of the textile fabric opposite said open
572, ?led January 3, 1942, for Method of deposit
ingsin said layer of composition being larger
ing liquid rubber in an open network, of which I 60 than the openings between the threads of the
am one of the joint inventors.
The elastic composite fabric is preferably made
from a knitted textile fabric having a network
fabric which are adhered to said layer of com
position.
.
4. VA relaxed composite fabric comprising a
layer of textile fabric having interconnected
of’ rubber composition deposited thereon. -The
plastic rubber composition is preferably deposited 65 threads, a network of rubber-like composition
on the fabric from an extruded rubber latex com
adhered to said textile fabric, and the openings
position in accordance with the process described
between the threads of the textile fabric opposite
in said application. The knitted fabric is then
the openings in said network being larger than
stretched in at least one direction and the de
the openings between the threads of the fabric
posit of rubber is set and cured, in the usual 70 when adhered to said rubber-like composition.
manner to produce an elastic network. ,, In
5. A relaxed composite elastic fabric compris
stretching the knitted fabric prior to setting
ing a layer of knitted textile fabric having inter
the rubber thereon, all of the original stretch
connected threads, a network of ?exible elastic
is not removed but considerable stretch is left
rubber composition adhered to said textile fab
in the fabric, so that it can be stretched fur 75 ric, and said threads of the knitted fabric oppo
2,418,970
site the openings in said network being retained
‘ a plastic network of the composition to a layer of
in a greater spaced relation in at least ‘one di
rection than the spaced relation of the threads
of said knitted fabric opposite said rubber com
with the plastic network thereon in at least one
position network.
‘
extendible textile fabric, stretching said fabric
direction so as to enlarge the dimension of the
openings of said network, ‘and ‘produce larger
6. A relaxed high and low light surfaced com
openings between the threads of the textile fabric
opposite the openings in said network while sub-_
faced textile fabric having interconnected
stantially retaining the normal spacing of the
threads, a network of ?exible composition ‘ad
threads of the textile fabric opposite said nethered to said textilefabric, and said threads of 10 work, and setting said composition network while
the textile fabric opposite said composition being
in said stretched condition.
retained in closer proximity to one another by
10. Method of forming ‘an elastic designed
said composition than the threads opposite the
textile fabricvcomprising the steps in sequence
openings in said network so as to retain the ‘
of ‘adhering a plastic network, ol.’ a rubber-like
' high lights in the surface areas of said textile 15 composition to a layer of extendible textile fab
fabric opposite said composition and produce
ric, stretching said fabric with the plastic net
posite fabric comprising a layer of glossy sur- I
low lights in the surface areas of said textile
work thereon in atleast one direction to a point
fabric opposite said openings in said network.
considerably below the extendibility of the texs
tilefabric, whereby the openings in said network
7. Method of [forming designs on a textile fab
ric comprising the steps in sequence of adhering 20 are enlarged in the direction of stretch and the
a plastic network of a composition to a layer of
spacing between the threads of the textile fabric,
- extendible textile fabric, stretching said fabric
is increased in the areas opposite said openings,
with the plastic network thereon in at least one
and the spacing between said threads of said
direction so as to enlarge the dimension of the
textile fabric opposite said network is retained
openings of said network and diminish the num 25 in substantially the same condition as when said
ber of threads per unit length in said textile
fabric is adhered to said network, and then set
fabric opposite said openings as measured in
ting said network of rubber-like composition while
the-direction of stretch, and setting said com
in said stretched condition.
@
position network while in said stretched condi
11. Method of producing porous knitted fabrics
tion.
30 with designs thereon comprising the steps in se
8. Method of making a porous composite fabric
quence of adhering a plastic rubber'composition
comprising the steps in sequence of adhering a
having openings formed therein to a knitted tex
' plastic network of a composition to a layer of
. tile fabric, stretching said textile fabric with the
extendible textile fabric, stretching said fabric
‘with the plastic network thereon in at least one
plastic network thereon in at least one direction
so as to enlarge the dimension of the openings in
direction so as to enlarge the dimension of the
openings of said network and diminish the num
said- network and to increase the openings be- .
tween the threads of said knitted fabric opposite .
ber. of threads per unit length in said textile
said openings in said rubber composition as
fabric opposite said openings as measured in the
measured in the direction of- stretch, and vul
direction of stretch, and setting said network of' 40 canizing said rubber composition while in said
composition while in said stretched condition.
stretched condition.
9. Method of forming designs on a textile fab
ric comprising the steps in sequence of adhering
THOMAS G. HAWLEY, JR.
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