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Jan. 7,~ 1947.
2,414,048
E. LESAVOY
GARMENT
Filed Aug. 17, 1945
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INVENTOR ?
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Patented Jan. 7, 1947
2,414,048
UNITED
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T 0 F'Fl CE
?2,414,048
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-G'ARMENT
Ely 'Lesavoy, "Allentown, Pa., 'assign'or, by ?mesne
assignments?, to Lisle Mills,? Inc., Allentown??a,
a ?corporation ?of Pennsylvania
Application :Augustl?l, 1945, Serial No. 6114-125
'3 'Claims.
(01525-113)
2.
The present invention .relates .to garments and
The present invention aims ?to overcome the
a method of making thesame; and relates more
foregoing di?iculties by providing an ?improved
garment of the sleeveless, .neckless, slip-over type
particularly .to .body garments, such. as, under
shirts or the like, .of the sleeveless, .neckless,..sl-ip
and a method of making the same wherein the
sewing operations of the strap sections are elimi
nated and the shoulder ?straps are seamlessly
Heretofore it has ibeenicustomary to formgar
formed integral with the tube from which the
ments of the character indicated by lcuttingua
garment is made.
?attened tube of fabric transversely at the top
Accordingly, it is an object ?of the present in
and bottom of the length corresponding to the
length of the garment to be formed, ?then cutting 10 vention to provide an improved garment of the
a U-shaped portion out of the tubular section
character indicated.
Another object is ?to provide such a garment
or length thus formed, intermediate the sides
having, shoulder straps conforming substantially
thereof -to form a pair of U~shaped openings .at
to the slope of the shoulders of the wearer and
one end in .each wall of the tube, then cutting
over type.
.
thereby being more comfortable to the wearer
the tubes transversely from one side towards .the
and giving the garment a better appearance
middle along an arcuate contour v?to provide
the ?front portion of a neck opening, and cutting
the tube transversely from the other side towards
the middle ?along-an .arcuate contour to provide
the back portion of the neck opening? The U
shaped openings and the? neck ?portions were
shaped and positioned to provide four strap-like
sections, of which, .upon folding the tube into a
longitudinal plane perpendicular to the plane
in which the tube was flattened while the cut
ting operations were performed, adjacent pairs
were seamed together to ?provide shoulder straps.
when worn.
Another object is to provide a, method of mak
ing the? garment ?by a single stamping operation.
A further object is to provide an improved
method of vmaking the garment, which method
eliminates the shoulder strap sewing opera
tions and thereby is quicker and results in a
saving of labor and also greatly minimizes ?re
jects? or ?seconds.?
Other and further objects of the present in
vention will be manifest, from the following de?
scription and the accompanying drawing.
When the strap sections were so joined the U?
shaped vopenings were .closed to form the arm
holes of the garment and the front -and back 30
neck portions formed the neck opening.
The foregoing method, of making the. garment
has several disadvantages. In making the trans
In the drawing:
;
Fig. 1 is a .plan view of a ?at tube of fabric
?having superimposed thereon .a pattern for cut
ting a garment .of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the garment
folded substantially into a plane indicated by the
verse cut the operator may notcut .at a perfect
right angle to the side ?of the ?flat tube which 35 line 2?--2 on Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a perspective view showing the upper
would result in a ?nished garment having one
portion of the garment of Fig, 2;
shoulder strap longer than the other. The said
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig 1 but showing
prior method requires twosewing operations .to
the prior method; and
seam the shoulder strap sections. .In perform
ing these sewing operations, the operator very 40 Fig. 5 is a View of a garment made by the
prior, method.
?frequently overlaps one .of the pairs or sections
more than the other pair thereby likewise caus
Referring to the drawing, and more particu�
ing one shoulder strap to be shorter than the
vlarl-y to Fig. 2, there is shown a garment H!
other. This ?is very objectionable because the
garment will ?t the wearer improperly whereby
such as an undershirt comprising .a seamlessly
it will have an? unsightly ?appearance ?and will
edge M at one end, and arm holes l6 and a
cause
neck opening 18 ?at-the other end, so formed
?and arranged .to de?ne a pair of shoulder straps
?2D.
the
wearer discomfort.
formed. tubular body portion. I2 having a lower
In instances
where the unequalness of the straps is'quite pro
nounced, the garment must be disposed *of ?as a
f?second,? which results in a :loss to the� manu
facturer.
Another dimculty, which occurs quite fre
quently,~..is: that "the shoulder strap sections? are
improperly joined in, the sewing operations. a?For
example, a section may be twisted or reversed,
the edges of the sections may be bunched ?or
wrinkled, or the edges may be insuf?ciently over
lapped sO that the seam will separate. These
dif?culties likewise result in that the garments
can only be disposed of as ?seconds.?
50
'
As illustrated the shoulder straps are ?con
tinuous, ?that is, seamless, and 'are integrally
formed with the body portion 42. Also, the
?straps 2.0 are inclined or sloped outwardly: and
downwardlyas; ?indicated at .22, so that ?they con
vform to :the shape andfslopeof the shoulders ?01
the wearer of the garment. This results inv a
garment that ?ts better, is worn more comfort�
ably and has a much better appearance.
Referring to Fig. 1 there is shown a ?at tube
of fabric 25 having a pattern 28 superimposed
2,414,048
3
�
4
thereon. When the tube is out along the trans
verse line 30 and along the curved line 32 at the
When sewing or stitching the tops of the shoul~
der straps to each other it is customary to fold
opposite end and a hole 34 is formed therein a
garment blank is formed. The forming of the
garment blank will be described presently in more
detail.
the edges over upon themselves to avoid unrav
eling of the fabric.
As will be appreciated the
operator may fold over more of the fabric in
one shoulder strap than the other.
In making the garment, the tube 26 is ?attened
When, due to the cutting operation or the
or doubled upon itself, the lower edge 30 of the
garment blank is formed by cutting the tube 26
folding or stitching operation, one shoulder is
made longer than the other, the garment will not
transversely and the neck opening is formed by 10 fit properly, as previously indicated.
It will be appreciated from the foregoing de
cutting the tube transversely along the line 32
scription of my improved method and garments
having an arcuate contour shaped to provide
made thereby that many operations are elim
the front of the neck opening and along the line
inated, such as cutting, seaming and stitching,
38 having an arcuate contour shaped to provide
the back of the neck opening. The lines 32'and 15 and that a more perfectly ?tting garment is pro
vided.
7
38, which meet at 40, form an upwardly bulged
While the present invention has been described
or curved section 42 at the upper edge of the
garment. An arm hole 34 is formed in each layer
or wall of the material at the middle of the tube
adjacent to but spaced from the upper edge a ?
distance whereby the upper portions of the 'arm
holes and the lines 32 and 38 so de?ne the sec
tion 42 and adjacent portions to provide seam
in connection with an undershirt by way of ex
ample, it will be understood that invention ap
plies to other garments such as slip-over sweat
ers, bathing suits, bandeaux, slips. bras. aprons
or in fact any sleeveless, slip-over garment hav
ing shoulder straps or the equivalent.
While I have illustrated and described a pre
ferred embodiment of my invention it is to be
understood that I do not wish to be limited there~
to as obviously various changes and modi?ca
tions may be made in the method herein de
lessly joined shoulder strap sections 48.
In commercial practice, the foregoing opera
tions in accordance with my invention are, per
formed simultaneously by stamping the garment
blank from the tube by means of blanking dies
scribed and the garment illustrated and described
which sever the garment blank at the lower edge
30 and the lines 32 and 38, and cut out superim 30 Without departing from the spirit and scope of
my invention.
posed arm holes 34. It will be understood that '
What I claim is:
the method of the present invention can also
1. The method of forming a garment of the
be advantageously employed by manually sever
character described from a fabric tube ?attened
ing the tube as indicated, for example by shears
along lines midway of the portions thereof which
or scissors.
are to constitute the front and back of the gar
Afterjhe garment is formed the edges of the
ment, comprising cutting out rounded areas of the
neck opening and arm holes may be provided
superimposed layers of fabric substantially below
with binding 46 as shown in Fig. 3.
the upper end thereof to constitute the armholes,
From the foregoing description it will be seen
that the present invention provides an improved 40 and also severing both layers of the ?attened
tube on a contoured line above the cut-out
garment and a rapid method of making the same
which results in a speed up of production, sav
rounded areas to form the front and back neck
ing of labor and production cost, and greatly
portions of the garment and shoulder straps
minimizes ?rejects? or ?seconds.?
therebetween.
2. The method of forming a garment of the
character described from a fabric tube ?attened
In order that my present invention will more .
readily be understood and its advantages over
prior garments of the character indicated and
the prior method of making such garments more
along lines midway of the portions thereof which
are to constitute the front and back of the gar
method and a garment made thereby in Figs. 4
ment, comprising cutting out rounded areas of
the superimposed layers of fabric substantially
and 5 of the drawing.
below the upper end thereof to constitute the
readily appreciated, I have illustrated the prior
'
As previously mentioned in the prior method
armholes, and also severing both layers of the
of making garments, a garment pattern such as
50 is laid on a ?at tube of fabric 52 and out
?attened tube on a contoured line arched above
the said cut-out rounded areas thereby provid
along the transverse line 54 to form the bottom { � ing portions which form shoulder straps.
edge of the garment blank. The tubular fabric
is then cut transversely along the dot and dash
line 56, after which the front and back neck open
ings 58 and 60, respectively, are formed and an
opening 62 formed for the arm holes. This blank
is then folded, as shown in Fig. 5, into a longi
3. The method of making a garment of the
class described comprising the ?attening of a
fabric tube to present superimposed layers of
the fabric which are to constitute front and back
UL)
portions of the garment, cutting out portions
of the superimposed layers to form registering
tudinal plane perpendicular to the plane in which
open areas therein to constitute the armholes of
the tube was ?attened.
When so folded it will
the garment, also cutting away the fabric of both
be seen that, due to the transverse out along the
layers at some distance above the said open areas
so that the latter will be bounded by a strip re
line 55, each portion which is eventually to form
the top of the shoulder strap is severed and must
be stitched together along the lines 66 to form
the complete shoulder strap.
maining in each superimposed layer of fabric to
constitute a shoulder strap when the tube is
opened.
Should the operator fail to make a perfect
straight-line transverse out it will be appreciated 70.
that the top of one shoulder? strap will be longer
than the other.
?
'
ELY LESAVOY. '
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