Jan. 14, 1947. - R_ BQRDEN I 2,414,083 PHbTOGRAPHIC APPARATUS Filed Aprii: 1, 1.942 -2 Sheets-Sheet 1 ?rst??? Réc/Zard B0Frieze, . B» M L ; Err-00 4/5)’ ,Jan. 14, 1947. ‘R, BQRDEN- _ ‘ 2,414,083 PHO'I'QGRAPHIC APPARATUS ' Filed April 1', 1942 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 jazbkard 2301120 81! (Za/QAQ Patented Jan. id, the}? , anacce rnorooaarmc arrannrps Richard Borden, Milton, Macs. Applicationv April 1, 1942, Serial No. £37,246 ‘ 14 Claims. ‘ (011. 88-416) The present invention relates to new and use ful improvements in a photographic apparatus, pletelyinclosed within the casing, but are at all ‘times under instantaneous control of the oper and more particularly to improvements in an as ator exteriorly of the casing which is held as a sociated camera and supporting structure hav ing the various parts so combined as to greatly 5 gun to facilitate following of the object. , Another object of the invention is to provide facilitate operation, manipulation and control of a camera apparatus of the above type wherein an the camera. , I open wire finder is employed in combination with the telephoto lens in order to open the field to rapidly moving objects in a manner which is not practicable with a lens type of ?nder. A further object of the invention is to provide According to the present invention, the sup~ porting structure generally simulates a shotgun with the forward part in the form of a casing to inclose the camera and with the rear part in the form of a gun stock having a shoulder rest. The for the automatic release of the ?nder from a casing may be suitably shaped to inclose various types of still or moving picture cameras, and the entire assembly is one which can be conveniently and readily manipulated to follow rapidly mov ing objects. When using a still camera, the ap paratus may be employed for taking snap shots ‘ of birds, animals or other objects, either in mo tion or at rest. However, the apparatus/of the 20 present invention is perhaps more useful in tak ing moving pictures, and any ‘suitable type of housed position within the casing to an operative position upon manipulation of a simulated safety catch on the gun stock. A still further object of the invention is to pro vide at the forward part of the casing a support~ ing hand grip which may be manipulated while ‘ supporting the casing for adjusting the focus of the telephoto lens, this being essential at close ' range and in orderto picture objects moving rap idly toward and away from the camera. The invention still further aims to provide a moving picture camera may be employed. Those persons accomplished in the use of shotguns and other ?rearms will ?nd the apparatus particu larly easy to manipulate in order to train the camera and obtain di?icult angle "shots" of rap camera apparatus of the above type wherein the cameramotor can be wound from outside of the casing and released exteriorly of the casing by a trigger mechanism so that the camera and lens are under the control of the operator while aiming ' the casing by the open ?nder and ‘following the idly moving objects. In fact, the entire assem bly can be handled as a shotgun so as to permit instant photographing of rapidly moving objects 30 object. in fast or slow motion where time does not per mit preliminary preparation. In this type of photography, the camera must be trained, ad- , justed and operated within a few seconds and The above and other objects or” the invention ,wiil in part he obvious and will in part he here-= inafter more fully pointed out. In the accompanying drawings: a telephoto lens is essential for satisfactory 35 Figure l is a side elevation of the camera ap= results in order to picture the moving objects paratus with the camera and lens inclosed with» ' at long and close range. Thus, the camera , in the casing. assembly is of singular importance because of the Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentary side ele~ fact that the arrangement is such as to utilize to the highest degree the training and instincts oi’v 40 vation of the camera apparatus, with the hinged side of the casing removed to show the camera an experienced gunner in bringing the _camera to and lens and the finder in operative position. focus on a rapidly moving object in the shortest Figure 3 is a further enlarged front elevation possible time. - of Figure 2. The apparatus can be employed for taking mov » Figure 4 is an enlarged sectional-view taken ing pictures of game birds, animals, and, in fact, 45 substantially along the line 6-4; oi’ Figure 2. Referring more in detail to the accompanying drawings, the camera support has the general all kinds of rapidly moving objects. The camera can‘be put to various military uses in picturing the actions of new military devices and equip ment, such as aircraft, parachutes and the like, . so that the pictures can he used for instructions concerning the manipulation and actions of such devices; One of‘ the principal objects of the present in appearance of a gun and includes a stock portion i ll having a shoulder rest i i at the rear end there 50 of. The forward part oi’ the support is in the form of a casing 52 which has a side closure i3 hinged thereto, as at 113a, and a front- closure ?ap it hinged thereto, as at ids. The inter= vention is to provide a camera apparatus of the mediate or breech area of the support carries above type wherein the camera and lens are com 55 a trigger it and a simulated safety catch it, the ' $414,988 the spring 32 and the ?nder 29 when rotated to operation and function of which will be herein its inoperative position within the casing, as As shown in Figure 2 of the drawings merely - shown by the dotted line position of "Figure 3. Thus, there is no binding or bending of the ?nder for purposes of illustration, a conventional 16 the flap IE is closed over the end of the mm. Eastman moving picture camera vl'l is 5 when casing. The ?ap i6 is maintained in its closed mounted within the casing l2. Thus, the casing position by engagement between an outwardly i2 is provided with an internal chamber i8 which extending keeper element 35 which is carried , is shaped to receive the camera ill, but it is to be thereby, and a latch 36 which is pivotally mount clearly understood that‘the shape of the chamber ed, as at 31, near the forward end of the casing. may be altered to accommodate any suitable 10 Thus, the ?nder is held in its inoperative posi type of camera. Similarly, the inner surface of tion when the ?ap It is closed. The latch 35 is the side closure is is shaped to accommodate provided with a vertical arm 36a to which one the camera and the lens when closed. end of a tension spring 38 is suitably connected. The camera H is of a conventional type includ spring 38 is disposed within a recessed por ing a spring motor furnishing power through 15 The tion 39 in the forward part of the casing and has suitable gears to a ?lm advancing mechanism the opposite end thereof secured to the casing. (not shown) and a winding shaft extends through In this manner, the latch 36 is normally held the camera casing and carries a rectangular end’ ‘in elevated position for engaging the keeper 35. lBa which is adapted to receive a winding key The free end of the latch arm 36a is connected " through an opening in the casing it. As shown 20. to a substantially rigid rod 130 which extends rear in the drawings (Figure 2), a winding lever IQ wardly withinthe top of the casing and is con of the type substantially shown in the Wittel nected to the safety catch 56 which is slidable patent, No. 1,595,277, is placed in an inoperative along a slot in the breech area. Forward shift position when the camera is employed accord of the catch l6 will effect downward move‘ ing to the present invention. Similarly, the lens 25 ing ment of the latch 36 about the pivot 37 so as to type of ?nder, designated generally by the nu release the latch from the keeper 35 and permit meral 29, is folded down in an inoperative posi the flap Hi to open. Thus, when the latch is tion within the casing it. A lever 2! is carried released, the spring 32 will force the ?nder 29 by the camera and depression of this lever serves outwardly in its movement to operative position 30 to actuate the camera and ?lm mechanism. and this will effect automatic opening of the The telephoto focusing device 22 is also con ?ap it. , ' ' ventional and may be of the type substantially A lever 30 is pivoted intermediate the ends shown in the Scott patent, No. 2,019,735, and is thereof tothe inner surface of the casing within suitably mounted on the camera ii. The inte the chamber i8 and is disposed in advance of rior of the casing i2 is shaped to provide sup 35 the camera so that one end thereof engages the porting surfaces 23, 23a for the lens and to pro lever 2! which actuates the camera mechanism. vide a forward chamber 213 through which the The opposite end of the lever iii is connected to lens extends toward the front opening is in the < a cord 62 which is trained over pulleys 43 and casing I2. The knurled ring 28 on the telephoto is connected to the arm lea of the trigger it focusing device is for the purpose of adjustment, 45° which is pivoted at tit to the support. Thus, ' as the object comes within a predetermined rela rearward pulling of the trigger IE will take up tively short range. However, with the lens set on the cord as and effect rotation of the lever 41 at infinity no adjustment is necessary beyond the which, in turn, will depress the lever 2| to ac short range. The knurled ring 2? is'for the pur the camera mechanism. a pose of adjusting the diaphragm mechanism of t5 tuate The adjusting ring 2d of the telephoto, lens the lens. The setting of the telephoto lens may . may be turned from outside the casing and for be viewed through the window as in the closure this purpose‘ a shaft 45 extends through bearing it; or, if desired, an externally visible and mov .plates lit secured to the inner and outer surfaces able member, similarly marked. and ‘geared to of the bottom of the forward part of the cas ‘move in unison with the adjustment of the teie-_ 50 ing. The inner end of the shaft 65 carries a disc photo lens, may be provided. , ti and the disc carries a friction pad 438 or other An open wire ?nder '29 has the legs thereof suitable means for engaging the knurled ring turned outwardly, as at 30, 36a, and pivotally is. A leaf spring t9 engages the bottom of the mounted in apertured bracket members 35, tie, disc or andmaintains the pad in contact with respectively, at the upper forward end of the 55 the ring as. The outer end of the shaft at car» casing I2. A coil spring 32 is wound around the ries an enlarged handle member 58 by which the outwardly turned leg portion 36 and has the ends shaft 65 can be rotated. In using the camera, thereof secured to the front of the casing and this handle so also serves as ‘a gripping member to the corresponding leg so as to normally- tend which the forward part of the assembly is sup to rotate the ?nder to its .elevated operative posi-_ 60 by ported. ‘Another shaft 55 extends through the tion, as shown in Figures 2 and 3. In this p0si= casing wall opposite from the closure l3 and car tionuof the ?nder, it will be seen that the vertical ries at the innerend thereof a disc 52 on which rib 33 is centrally disposed with respect thereto. a friction pad 53 or the like is disposed. A ?n ‘This rib‘ extends along the top of the casing and gradually tapers downwardly ‘from the front end 65 ger wheel as is carried by the outer end of the shaft ti for operating the same. Inward shift toward'the rear end and thus serves as a sight» ing of the shaft ti will cause engagement be~ ing rib in conjunction with the finder .29. The tween the pad $3 and the knurled ring 2? so thatv length of the stock‘portion and easing serves to this ring can also be exteriorly adjusted‘wlthout locate the intermediate portion behind the rear . end of the rib 33, and this portion provides a 70 opening the casing. From the foregoing description, it will be seen ' cheek rest which automatically positions the op» ' after fully described. erator's eye a uniform distance from the I that the present invention provides a camera assembly which may be easily operated and con . ' trolled so as to facilitate the picturing of rapidly The inner surface of the front closure ?ap it is provided with channels or grooves 36 to house 75 moving objects. The assembly is one which can ?nder 29.v d . ' be manipulated in the manner of a gun, in that the rear end ll of the stock portion is placed against the shoulder or the operator with the outstretched hand grasping the depending nan-= The other hand is free to cone and the trigger to. By grasp-v 3. In a photographic apparatus, aportable sup port in the form of a casing having an open front end, a camera inclosed within said casing, a tele photo lens associated with the camera and in ‘ closed within the casing, an open wire ?nder piv ' oted at the front of the casing for movement be ing the handle 60, the operator is able to con-' tween an operative position extending above the‘ veniently support ,the forward part of the assem casing and an inoperative position disposed with- I bly and at the same time have complete control of the focus adjustment of~ the telephoto lens 10 in the casing, spring means normally forcing said ?nder to an operative position, a closure member when necessary, that is, when the object comes hinged to the casing for closing the front end within‘ a predetermined close range; The oper ator can judge the proper amount of turning oi’ ‘ thereof and maintaining the ?nder in its inop» : erative position within the casing, latch means tation of the ring 26. However, any suitable 15 for holding the closure member in closed posi— tion, and means operable exteriorly of the casing form of externally visible means, graduated ac for releasing the latch means to permit opening cording to the telephoto lens, may be employed, the handle 50 to correspond to the desired ro of the closure member as the ?nder moves to its if desired. The operator also has complete con trol of the operation of the camera mechanism by manipulation of the trigger it; and the front operative position. ?ap and ?nder can be rapidly and automatically released ‘by forward shifting of the catch mem ber l6. . 4. In a photographic apparatus, a portable support in the form of a gun having a shoulder rest, an intermediate breech area vand a forward casing having an open front end; a camera in_ closed within the casing, a telephoto lens associ ated with the camera and inclosed within the ' It will be readily appreciated, therefore, that the entire camera and lens'mechanism, while in 25 casing and adapted to be exposed'through the closed within the casing, are at the same time front end thereof, a sighting device disposed on controlled‘exteriorly of, the casing by the opera and adapted for sighting along said casing, means tor. When not in use, the ?nder is held within including a trigger mechanism in the breech area the casing by the front iiap so as to prevent the access of dirt or the like to the lens and camera 30 for operating the camera, and means including 9. mechanism. ‘ depending handle at the forward part of the cas- ‘ As previously pointed out, the camera assem bly is arranged so that its manipulation and operation are substantially identical with the operation of a shotgun, thus facilitating its use ' by an experienced gunner in photographing rap- ' idly ‘moving objects. , of the invention as set forth in the appended , claims. I claim: . 1. In a photographic apparatus, a portable sup port in the form of a gun having a casing at the forward part thereof, a camera inclosed within the casing, a'telephotov lens associated with the camera and inclosed withinthe casing, a closure member at the front of said casing, an open , sighting device carried ‘by the support and adapt ed to be held within the casing in inoperative po sition by said closure member, means including can support the forward part of the apparatus. 5. In a photographic apparatus, a portable sup port in the form of a gun having a casing at the forward part thereof, a moving picture camera inclosed within the casing, a telephoto lens asso While one form of the invention has been shown for purposes of illustration, it is to be clearly understood that various changes in the ‘details of construction and arrangement oi’ parts may be made without departing from the scope ing for adjusting the focus of the telephoto lens within a predetermined close range and said nan dle serving as a means by which the operator 40 ciated with the camera and inclosed within’ the ‘ casing, a closure member for the :frontgend of the casing and adapted to be opened to expose the lens, a sighting device carried by the support to facilitate the following of rapidly moving ob‘ jects, a trigger mechanism for operating the ‘ cam- ' era, and means extending enteriorly of the front of the casing and adapted to be grasped byone l hand of the operator for adjusting the focus of ‘the telephoto lens within a predetermined close range and also serving as a means for supporting the forward'part' of the apparatus; , - ~ 6. In a photographic apparatus, a support in the form of a gun having a casing with an open , front end at the forward part thereof, amoving picture camera inclosed within the casing, a tele a slidable member simulating a safety catch on the support for releasing the closure member to 55 photo lens associated with the camera and in-= closed within the casing and having a knurled expose the lens and permitting the sighting de vice to move to an operative position, and means focus adjusting ring, a closure member for the for operating the camera. open end of the casing and adapt-ed to be opened 2. In a photographic apparatus, a portable sup to expose the lens, an open sighting device to port ‘in the form of- a casing, a camera inclosed 60 facilitate the following of rapidly moving objects, a trigger mechanism for operating the camera, within said casing, 'a telephoto lens associated with the camera and inclosed within said casing, 1 a rotatable member within the casing and engag ing said ring, a shaft connected to said rotatable a closure member connected to the front of the casing for closing the said casing and adapted to 65 member and extending exteriorly through the be opened to expose the lens, an open sighting under side of the casing, and a handle member carried by the shaft and adaptedv to be grasped device connected to the front of the casing and by one hand of the operator for supporting the shiftable to an inoperative position within the forward part of the apparatus and for adjusting casing and held therein by said closure member ' the focus of the'telephoto lens within a predetere when closed, spring means normally forcing said sighting device to an operative position outside 70 mined close range. 7. In a photographic apparatus, as claimed in of said casing, and manually operable means for claim 6, wherein spring means are provided for releasing said closure member and permitting maintaining said rotatable member‘ in contact opening thereof under the in?uence or said .sight-' ing device while moving to its operative position. 75 with said focus adjusting ring. ‘ 8. In a photographic apparatus, a portable aaiaoas support in the form of a gun' having a shoulder rest, an intermediate breech area and a forward I casing having a front opening with a closure for said opening; a camera inclosed within said casing, a telephoto lens associated with the cam era and inclosed within said casing in line with casing for movement between a sighting posi tion disposed exteriorly above said casing and an inoperative position housed within said casing, means including a movable member located in _ the breech area and simulating a safety catch for initiating movement of' said sighting device to sighting position, and means including a trig ger mechanism located in the breech area for said front opening, a trigger mechanism in the breech area for operating the camera, an open operating the camera. ' sighting device normally housed in said cas 10 12. A photographic apparatus as claimed in ing when the closure is in position covering said claim 11, wherein the casing is provided with a opening, spring means tending to open said clos . front closure member contacting the sighting de ure and to shift said sighting device to its oper vice in its housed position and adapted to be ative position, means for controlling action of moved thereby to open position exposing the lens said spring means, and means extending exte as the sighting device is moved to sighting posi riorly of said casing for adjusting the focus ‘of tion. the telephoto lens when required. 13. A photographic apparatus as claimed in 9. In a photographic apparatus, the combina claim 11, wherein a movable handle depends from tion of a camera, supporting means for the cam the forward part of the casing and wherein there era in th. form of a shoulder gun having a shoul- ' is provided means responsive to movement of der rest and a barrel portion in the form of a the handle for adjusting the telephoto lens. casing for said camera, a telephoto lens associated 14. In a photographic apparatus adapted to be inclosed within said cas ing, a sighting device along the top of said cas carried in vpicture-taking position by the oper ing to facilitate the following of rapidly moving means for the camera in the form of a shoulder gun having 'a barrel portion in the form of a cas ing for the camera and a shoulder rest whereby ' with the camera and objects, handle means extending exteriorly of said ' casing adjacent the forward end thereof for sup porting the forward part of the apparatus, and ator, the combination of a camera, supporting to facilitate training of the camera by shoulder means located between the casing and the shoul and arm support of the operator, a telephoto der rest for operating the camera. 30 lens operatively associated with the camera, a 10. A photographic apparatus as claimed in sighting‘ device adapted forsighting along the claim 9, wherein the telephoto lens is adjustable and the handle means is movable and connected .to the lens by means adapted to eifect adjust ment of the lens upon movement of the handle. 11. In a photographic apparatus, the combi nation of a camera, supporting means for the camera in the form of a shoulder gun having a shoulder rest, an intermediate breech area, and a barrel portion in the form of a casing for said camera; a telephoto lens associated‘ with the camera and inclosed within said casing, a sight ing device connected at the forward end of said barrel portion to further facilitate the following of rapidly moving objects, means located between i the barrel portion and the shoulder rest for oper- . 35 ating the camera, and means extending down wardly at the forward end of the barrel portion .and adapted to be manipulated by the operator for adjusting the focus of the telephoto lens when required and while still supporting the for- I ward part of the apparatus. RICHARD BURDEN.