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Jan. 14, 1947.
-
R_ BQRDEN
I
2,414,083
PHbTOGRAPHIC APPARATUS
Filed Aprii: 1, 1.942
-2 Sheets-Sheet 1
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,Jan. 14, 1947.
‘R, BQRDEN-
_ ‘
2,414,083
PHO'I'QGRAPHIC APPARATUS '
Filed April 1', 1942
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
jazbkard 2301120
81! (Za/QAQ
Patented Jan. id, the}?
,
anacce
rnorooaarmc arrannrps
Richard Borden, Milton, Macs.
Applicationv April 1, 1942, Serial No. £37,246
‘
14 Claims.
‘
(011. 88-416)
The present invention relates to new and use
ful improvements in a photographic apparatus,
pletelyinclosed within the casing, but are at all
‘times under instantaneous control of the oper
and more particularly to improvements in an as
ator exteriorly of the casing which is held as a
sociated camera and supporting structure hav
ing the various parts so combined as to greatly 5 gun to facilitate following of the object. ,
Another object of the invention is to provide
facilitate operation, manipulation and control of
a camera apparatus of the above type wherein an
the camera. ,
I
open wire finder is employed in combination with
the telephoto lens in order to open the field to
rapidly moving objects in a manner which is not
practicable with a lens type of ?nder.
A further object of the invention is to provide
According to the present invention, the sup~
porting structure generally simulates a shotgun
with the forward part in the form of a casing to
inclose the camera and with the rear part in the
form of a gun stock having a shoulder rest. The
for the automatic release of the ?nder from a
casing may be suitably shaped to inclose various
types of still or moving picture cameras, and the
entire assembly is one which can be conveniently
and readily manipulated to follow rapidly mov
ing objects. When using a still camera, the ap
paratus may be employed for taking snap shots
‘
of birds, animals or other objects, either in mo
tion or at rest. However, the apparatus/of the 20
present invention is perhaps more useful in tak
ing moving pictures, and any ‘suitable type of
housed position within the casing to an operative
position upon manipulation of a simulated safety
catch on the gun stock.
A still further object of the invention is to pro
vide at the forward part of the casing a support~
ing hand grip which may be manipulated while ‘
supporting the casing for adjusting the focus of
the telephoto lens, this being essential at close '
range and in orderto picture objects moving rap
idly toward and away from the camera.
The invention still further aims to provide a
moving picture camera may be employed. Those
persons accomplished in the use of shotguns and
other ?rearms will ?nd the apparatus particu
larly easy to manipulate in order to train the
camera and obtain di?icult angle "shots" of rap
camera apparatus of the above type wherein the
cameramotor can be wound from outside of the
casing and released exteriorly of the casing by a
trigger mechanism so that the camera and lens
are under the control of the operator while aiming
' the casing by the open ?nder and ‘following the
idly moving objects. In fact, the entire assem
bly can be handled as a shotgun so as to permit
instant photographing of rapidly moving objects 30 object.
in fast or slow motion where time does not per
mit preliminary preparation. In this type of
photography, the camera must be trained, ad- ,
justed and operated within a few seconds and
The above and other objects or” the invention
,wiil in part he obvious and will in part he here-=
inafter more fully pointed out.
In the accompanying drawings:
a telephoto lens is essential for satisfactory 35
Figure l is a side elevation of the camera ap=
results in order to picture the moving objects
paratus with the camera and lens inclosed with»
' at long and close range. Thus, the camera , in the casing.
assembly is of singular importance because of the
Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentary side ele~
fact that the arrangement is such as to utilize to
the highest degree the training and instincts oi’v 40 vation of the camera apparatus, with the hinged
side of the casing removed to show the camera
an experienced gunner in bringing the _camera to
and lens and the finder in operative position.
focus on a rapidly moving object in the shortest
Figure 3 is a further enlarged front elevation
possible time. - of Figure 2.
The apparatus can be employed for taking mov
» Figure 4 is an enlarged sectional-view taken
ing pictures of game birds, animals, and, in fact, 45 substantially
along the line 6-4; oi’ Figure 2.
Referring more in detail to the accompanying
drawings, the camera support has the general
all kinds of rapidly moving objects. The camera
can‘be put to various military uses in picturing
the actions of new military devices and equip
ment, such as aircraft, parachutes and the like,
. so that the pictures can he used for
instructions
concerning the manipulation and actions of such
devices;
One of‘ the principal objects of the present in
appearance of a gun and includes a stock portion
i ll having a shoulder rest i i at the rear end there
50 of. The forward part oi’ the support is in the
form of a casing 52 which has a side closure i3
hinged thereto, as at 113a, and a front- closure
?ap it hinged thereto, as at ids. The inter=
vention is to provide a camera apparatus of the
mediate
or breech area of the support carries
above type wherein the camera and lens are com 55
a trigger it and a simulated safety catch it, the
'
$414,988
the spring 32 and the ?nder 29 when rotated to
operation and function of which will be herein
its inoperative position within the casing, as
As shown in Figure 2 of the drawings merely - shown by the dotted line position of "Figure 3.
Thus, there is no binding or bending of the ?nder
for purposes of illustration, a conventional 16
the flap IE is closed over the end of the
mm. Eastman moving picture camera vl'l is 5 when
casing. The ?ap i6 is maintained in its closed
mounted within the casing l2. Thus, the casing
position by engagement between an outwardly
i2 is provided with an internal chamber i8 which
extending keeper element 35 which is carried ,
is shaped to receive the camera ill, but it is to be
thereby, and a latch 36 which is pivotally mount
clearly understood that‘the shape of the chamber
ed, as at 31, near the forward end of the casing.
may be altered to accommodate any suitable 10 Thus, the ?nder is held in its inoperative posi
type of camera. Similarly, the inner surface of
tion when the ?ap It is closed. The latch 35 is
the side closure is is shaped to accommodate
provided with a vertical arm 36a to which one
the camera and the lens when closed.
end of a tension spring 38 is suitably connected.
The camera H is of a conventional type includ
spring 38 is disposed within a recessed por
ing a spring motor furnishing power through 15 The
tion 39 in the forward part of the casing and has
suitable gears to a ?lm advancing mechanism
the opposite end thereof secured to the casing.
(not shown) and a winding shaft extends through
In this manner, the latch 36 is normally held
the camera casing and carries a rectangular end’
‘in elevated position for engaging the keeper 35.
lBa which is adapted to receive a winding key
The free end of the latch arm 36a is connected "
through an opening in the casing it. As shown 20. to a substantially rigid rod 130 which extends rear
in the drawings (Figure 2), a winding lever IQ
wardly withinthe top of the casing and is con
of the type substantially shown in the Wittel
nected to the safety catch 56 which is slidable
patent, No. 1,595,277, is placed in an inoperative
along a slot in the breech area. Forward shift
position when the camera is employed accord
of the catch l6 will effect downward move‘
ing to the present invention. Similarly, the lens 25 ing
ment of the latch 36 about the pivot 37 so as to
type of ?nder, designated generally by the nu
release the latch from the keeper 35 and permit
meral 29, is folded down in an inoperative posi
the flap Hi to open. Thus, when the latch is
tion within the casing it. A lever 2! is carried
released, the spring 32 will force the ?nder 29
by the camera and depression of this lever serves
outwardly in its movement to operative position
30
to actuate the camera and ?lm mechanism.
and this will effect automatic opening of the
The telephoto focusing device 22 is also con
?ap it.
,
'
'
ventional and may be of the type substantially
A lever 30 is pivoted intermediate the ends
shown in the Scott patent, No. 2,019,735, and is
thereof tothe inner surface of the casing within
suitably mounted on the camera ii. The inte
the chamber i8 and is disposed in advance of
rior of the casing i2 is shaped to provide sup 35 the camera so that one end thereof engages the
porting surfaces 23, 23a for the lens and to pro
lever 2! which actuates the camera mechanism.
vide a forward chamber 213 through which the
The opposite end of the lever iii is connected to
lens extends toward the front opening is in the <
a cord 62 which is trained over pulleys 43 and
casing I2. The knurled ring 28 on the telephoto
is connected to the arm lea of the trigger it
focusing device is for the purpose of adjustment, 45° which
is pivoted at tit to the support. Thus,
' as the object comes within a predetermined rela
rearward pulling of the trigger IE will take up
tively short range. However, with the lens set
on the cord as and effect rotation of the lever 41
at infinity no adjustment is necessary beyond the
which, in turn, will depress the lever 2| to ac
short range. The knurled ring 2? is'for the pur
the camera mechanism.
a
pose of adjusting the diaphragm mechanism of t5 tuate
The adjusting ring 2d of the telephoto, lens
the lens. The setting of the telephoto lens may . may be turned from outside the casing and for
be viewed through the window as in the closure
this purpose‘ a shaft 45 extends through bearing
it; or, if desired, an externally visible and mov
.plates lit secured to the inner and outer surfaces
able member, similarly marked. and ‘geared to
of the bottom of the forward part of the cas
‘move in unison with the adjustment of the teie-_ 50 ing. The inner end of the shaft 65 carries a disc
photo lens, may be provided.
,
ti and the disc carries a friction pad 438 or other
An open wire ?nder '29 has the legs thereof
suitable means for engaging the knurled ring
turned outwardly, as at 30, 36a, and pivotally
is. A leaf spring t9 engages the bottom of the
mounted in apertured bracket members 35, tie,
disc or andmaintains the pad in contact with
respectively, at the upper forward end of the 55 the ring as. The outer end of the shaft at car»
casing I2. A coil spring 32 is wound around the
ries an enlarged handle member 58 by which the
outwardly turned leg portion 36 and has the ends
shaft 65 can be rotated. In using the camera,
thereof secured to the front of the casing and
this handle so also serves as ‘a gripping member
to the corresponding leg so as to normally- tend
which the forward part of the assembly is sup
to rotate the ?nder to its .elevated operative posi-_ 60 by
ported.
‘Another shaft 55 extends through the
tion, as shown in Figures 2 and 3. In this p0si=
casing wall opposite from the closure l3 and car
tionuof the ?nder, it will be seen that the vertical
ries at the innerend thereof a disc 52 on which
rib 33 is centrally disposed with respect thereto.
a friction pad 53 or the like is disposed. A ?n
‘This rib‘ extends along the top of the casing and
gradually tapers downwardly ‘from the front end 65 ger wheel as is carried by the outer end of the
shaft ti for operating the same. Inward shift
toward'the rear end and thus serves as a sight»
ing of the shaft ti will cause engagement be~
ing rib in conjunction with the finder .29. The
tween
the pad $3 and the knurled ring 2? so thatv
length of the stock‘portion and easing serves to
this ring can also be exteriorly adjusted‘wlthout
locate the intermediate portion behind the rear
.
end of the rib 33, and this portion provides a 70 opening the casing.
From the foregoing description, it will be seen
' cheek rest which automatically positions the op»
' after fully described.
erator's
eye
a uniform
distance
from
the
I that the present invention provides a camera
assembly which may be easily operated and con
.
'
trolled so as to facilitate the picturing of rapidly
The inner surface of the front closure ?ap it
is provided with channels or grooves 36 to house 75 moving objects. The assembly is one which can
?nder 29.v
d
.
'
be manipulated in the manner of a gun, in that
the rear end ll of the stock portion is placed
against the shoulder or the operator with the
outstretched hand grasping the depending nan-=
The other hand is free to cone
and the trigger to. By grasp-v
3. In a photographic apparatus, aportable sup
port in the form of a casing having an open front
end, a camera inclosed within said casing, a tele
photo lens associated with the camera and in
‘ closed
within the casing, an open wire ?nder piv
'
oted at the front of the casing for movement be
ing the handle 60, the operator is able to con-'
tween an operative position extending above the‘
veniently support ,the forward part of the assem
casing and an inoperative position disposed with- I
bly and at the same time have complete control
of the focus adjustment of~ the telephoto lens 10 in the casing, spring means normally forcing said
?nder to an operative position, a closure member
when necessary, that is, when the object comes
hinged to the casing for closing the front end
within‘ a predetermined close range; The oper
ator can judge the proper amount of turning oi’ ‘ thereof and maintaining the ?nder in its inop»
: erative position within the casing, latch means
tation of the ring 26. However, any suitable 15 for holding the closure member in closed posi—
tion, and means operable exteriorly of the casing
form of externally visible means, graduated ac
for releasing the latch means to permit opening
cording to the telephoto lens, may be employed,
the handle 50 to correspond to the desired ro
of the closure member as the ?nder moves to its
if desired. The operator also has complete con
trol of the operation of the camera mechanism
by manipulation of the trigger it; and the front
operative position.
?ap and ?nder can be rapidly and automatically
released ‘by forward shifting of the catch mem
ber l6.
.
4. In a photographic apparatus, a portable
support in the form of a gun having a shoulder
rest, an intermediate breech area vand a forward
casing having an open front end; a camera in_
closed within the casing, a telephoto lens associ
ated with the camera and inclosed within the
'
It will be readily appreciated, therefore, that
the entire camera and lens'mechanism, while in 25
casing and adapted to be exposed'through the
closed within the casing, are at the same time
front end thereof, a sighting device disposed on
controlled‘exteriorly of, the casing by the opera
and adapted for sighting along said casing, means
tor. When not in use, the ?nder is held within
including a trigger mechanism in the breech area
the casing by the front iiap so as to prevent the
access of dirt or the like to the lens and camera 30 for operating the camera, and means including 9.
mechanism.
‘
depending handle at the forward part of the cas- ‘
As previously pointed out, the camera assem
bly is arranged so that its manipulation and
operation are substantially identical with the
operation of a shotgun, thus facilitating its use '
by an experienced gunner in photographing rap- '
idly ‘moving objects.
,
of the invention as set forth in the appended
, claims.
I claim:
.
1. In a photographic apparatus, a portable sup
port in the form of a gun having a casing at the
forward part thereof, a camera inclosed within
the casing, a'telephotov lens associated with the
camera and inclosed withinthe casing, a closure
member at the front of said casing, an open
, sighting device carried ‘by the support and adapt
ed to be held within the casing in inoperative po
sition by said closure member, means including
can support the forward part of the apparatus.
5. In a photographic apparatus, a portable sup
port in the form of a gun having a casing at the
forward part thereof, a moving picture camera
inclosed within the casing, a telephoto lens asso
While one form of the invention has been
shown for purposes of illustration, it is to be
clearly understood that various changes in the
‘details of construction and arrangement oi’ parts
may be made without departing from the scope
ing for adjusting the focus of the telephoto lens
within a predetermined close range and said nan
dle serving as a means by which the operator
40
ciated with the camera and inclosed within’ the ‘
casing, a closure member for the :frontgend of
the casing and adapted to be opened to expose
the lens, a sighting device carried by the support
to facilitate the following of rapidly moving ob‘
jects, a trigger mechanism for operating the
‘
cam- '
era, and means extending enteriorly of the front
of the casing and adapted to be grasped byone l
hand of the operator for adjusting the focus of
‘the telephoto lens within a predetermined close
range and also serving as a means for supporting
the forward'part' of the apparatus;
,
-
~ 6. In a photographic apparatus, a support in
the form of a gun having a casing with an open ,
front end at the forward part thereof, amoving
picture camera inclosed within the casing, a tele
a slidable member simulating a safety catch on
the support for releasing the closure member to 55 photo lens associated with the camera and in-=
closed within the casing and having a knurled
expose the lens and permitting the sighting de
vice to move to an operative position, and means
focus adjusting ring, a closure member for the
for operating the camera.
open end of the casing and adapt-ed to be opened
2. In a photographic apparatus, a portable sup
to expose the lens, an open sighting device to
port ‘in the form of- a casing, a camera inclosed 60 facilitate the following of rapidly moving objects,
a trigger mechanism for operating the camera,
within said casing, 'a telephoto lens associated
with the camera and inclosed within said casing, 1 a rotatable member within the casing and engag
ing said ring, a shaft connected to said rotatable
a closure member connected to the front of the
casing for closing the said casing and adapted to 65 member and extending exteriorly through the
be opened to expose the lens, an open sighting
under side of the casing, and a handle member
carried by the shaft and adaptedv to be grasped
device connected to the front of the casing and
by one hand of the operator for supporting the
shiftable to an inoperative position within the
forward part of the apparatus and for adjusting
casing and held therein by said closure member '
the focus of the'telephoto lens within a predetere
when closed, spring means normally forcing said
sighting device to an operative position outside 70 mined close range.
7. In a photographic apparatus, as claimed in
of said casing, and manually operable means for
claim 6, wherein spring means are provided for
releasing said closure member and permitting
maintaining said rotatable member‘ in contact
opening thereof under the in?uence or said .sight-'
ing device while moving to its operative position. 75 with said focus adjusting ring. ‘
8. In a photographic apparatus, a portable
aaiaoas
support in the form of a gun' having a shoulder
rest, an intermediate breech area and a forward
I casing having a front opening with a closure
for said opening; a camera inclosed within said
casing, a telephoto lens associated with the cam
era and inclosed within said casing in line with
casing for movement between a sighting posi
tion disposed exteriorly above said casing and an
inoperative position housed within said casing,
means including a movable member located in _
the breech area and simulating a safety catch
for initiating movement of' said sighting device
to sighting position, and means including a trig
ger mechanism located in the breech area for
said front opening, a trigger mechanism in the
breech area for operating the camera, an open
operating the camera.
'
sighting device normally housed in said cas 10
12. A photographic apparatus as claimed in
ing when the closure is in position covering said
claim 11, wherein the casing is provided with a
opening, spring means tending to open said clos
. front closure member contacting the sighting de
ure and to shift said sighting device to its oper
vice in its housed position and adapted to be
ative position, means for controlling action of
moved thereby to open position exposing the lens
said spring means, and means extending exte
as the sighting device is moved to sighting posi
riorly of said casing for adjusting the focus ‘of
tion.
the telephoto lens when required.
13. A photographic apparatus as claimed in
9. In a photographic apparatus, the combina
claim 11, wherein a movable handle depends from
tion of a camera, supporting means for the cam
the forward part of the casing and wherein there
era in th. form of a shoulder gun having a shoul- '
is provided means responsive to movement of
der rest and a barrel portion in the form of a
the handle for adjusting the telephoto lens.
casing for said camera, a telephoto lens associated
14. In a photographic apparatus adapted to be
inclosed within said cas
ing, a sighting device along the top of said cas
carried in vpicture-taking position by the oper
ing to facilitate the following of rapidly moving
means for the camera in the form of a shoulder
gun having 'a barrel portion in the form of a cas
ing for the camera and a shoulder rest whereby
' with the camera and
objects, handle means extending exteriorly of said '
casing adjacent the forward end thereof for sup
porting the forward part of the apparatus, and
ator, the combination of a camera, supporting
to facilitate training of the camera by shoulder
means located between the casing and the shoul
and arm support of the operator, a telephoto
der rest for operating the camera.
30 lens operatively associated with the camera, a
10. A photographic apparatus as claimed in
sighting‘ device adapted forsighting along the
claim 9, wherein the telephoto lens is adjustable
and the handle means is movable and connected
.to the lens by means adapted to eifect adjust
ment of the lens upon movement of the handle.
11. In a photographic apparatus, the combi
nation of a camera, supporting means for the
camera in the form of a shoulder gun having a
shoulder rest, an intermediate breech area, and
a barrel portion in the form of a casing for said
camera; a telephoto lens associated‘ with the
camera and inclosed within said casing, a sight
ing device connected at the forward end of said
barrel portion to further facilitate the following
of rapidly moving objects, means located between i
the barrel portion and the shoulder rest for oper-
.
35 ating the camera, and means extending down
wardly at the forward end of the barrel portion
.and adapted to be manipulated by the operator
for adjusting the focus of the telephoto lens
when required and while still supporting the for- I
ward part of the apparatus.
RICHARD BURDEN.
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